Page 1 of 4 Jun 1845 Issue of Tioga Eagle in Wellsboro, Pennsylvania

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Tioga Eagle (Newspaper) - June 4, 1845, Wellsboro, PennsylvaniaProprietor Tioga co., ind fifty cents per an of cents deducted if anl1 for unlit All arrearage Are 1 Veo Tod of the editor. Snot exceeding twelve lines m Flot o Podoll sir and Tor every sub Twenty five cents. Notices not inserted for seventy five cents. Ine or three insertions the same. Yearly advertisers. Polices a Grienci Cafera Iitto Juko Raling Foz. 41. Wellsboro wednesday june 1845. Vib 355. Fatm Dayton trait script. Humble Choice. L dimension spot Jev Olej Village ill Worsh p youth to old age. E in have a House and lot sear Dan ground for tillage Fot mall demoted Lovely Village. _ _ my stones g i to look superbly rather charms my Eye oders things most Lovely. I parlor Calcin and neat costly Ujjin 11 my friends would Greet toting one Wye Centre stand Shoum Lay Fitso Olsoff read in every Day no Hook its univ a wife of coarse i d have looting Ucli Foi Beauty would both work and save Piil strive to of her duty. In must understand and love my things that Are Domestic not Conti Ermor yet approve cant that . Would try Samet Imei to scold i appear to be Only mob. And not grow cold till Shell become to would be live while life remained free from Ballac nation my in our lives complain of oat own chosen station. Graham s Magazini. Yorktown. Beautiful extract. Mourner standing at eventide Ove of one Dearest to him on winery. Of Joys that were past Cam i Bijj upon his soul. Anil it said that remains of one to loved and i Call but no voice to loved oni will not hear. O death death hat Hast ton Lione to be Down and forget my sorrows in of the. Grave by e. 8. . The autumn of 1780 found the British in Possession of most of the Southern Charleston had fallen South Carolina bad was threatened and the victorious Gates advancing to the of the patriots had Bleen totally destroyed at Camden. But the Savage policy adopted by Corn Vallis to secure his. Conquest was ultimately the cause of his. Ruin. He issued a proclamation sequestering the estates of All those Noil included in the capitulation of Charleston Wao were in service or act ing under the authority of Congress and of All others who by an open avowal of Liberal principles or other notorious acts should show a leaning to the colonial he also gave orders to the British officers at their several posts to execute any persons who having once taken a Protection As Bri Tish subjects had since repented and assumed arms in behalf of their country. By these measures be crush All resistance and secure to Southern colonies to the Crown even if it should become necessary to acknowledge the Independence of the states North of the Potor Jac. But he overreached Lima Elf. His cruelty shacked tie Luke warm and infuriated the hostile. The people saw hat there was no alternative but in perfect Reedom or hopeless slavery. At this june Marion appeared the militia flocked to his Standard and the Success of the partisan War carried on by him and Sumpter raised the drooping spirits of the whigs. The appointment of Greene to the command of the Southern army and the Brilliant affair at the Cowpens still further exalted their Hopes so that even the Check at Guilford court House failed to dishearten them. Indeed the result Battle was almost As unfavourable to the British As to the americans. In a few Days Greene was ready to renew the contest but Corn Vallis lidded his grasp and reached Wilmington in his Way to Virginia on the 7th of april 1781. The american Leader finding it impossible to Bung his enemy to Battle took the bold Resolution of marching into South Carolina and thus forcing Corne while Cornwallis too late aware of the net in which he was involved had been assiduously occupied in fortifying Bis Tion. The town of York lies on the Southern Shore the River of that name at a spot where the Banks Are bold Ami High. On the opposite Side at the distance of a mile is Gloucester Point a strip of land projecting far into the Stream. Both the town and Point were occupied by Corn Vallis the communication being preserved by his Bat teries while several men of War Lay under his guns for the River was Here deep enough for the largest ship of the line. By referring to the map a Clear i Dea May be gained of the relative strength of Corn Wallis position. It will be seen that York town is situated at the narrowest part of he Peninsula formed by the York and James Rivers where the distance across is but eight Miles. By placing Bis troops therefore around the Village and drawing about them a Range of outer redoubts and Field works calculated to command this Peninsula Corn Val Lis had established himself in a position Al most by fortifying Glou Cester Point and maintaining the communication Between it and he opened a door for the reception of supplies and provided a Way of escape in the last emergency. Having formed a Junction with Lafayette Wail is to follow him or abandon his conquests. In in ought thus in agony the gentle a l tie British general in Recei Viii Nite cd minty came by. She bade him Faith the i upward and to the of were disclosed. He heard the song of the great multitude which ran can number around the throne. They the spirits of the just m0de a the spirit of her he mourned their is was pure permanent perfect. The British general on receiving gence of this movement finally Detor mixed to pursue his first design and overrun Vir Mia. Liy this during step he would place his army in a country not yet wasted by War and where plies would be plentiful while if he should succeed in reducing the Colony the subjugation of Southern states would Nevi to then wiped away the tears from his j i table matter How fortunate Breene i took courage and thanked j so of my appointed said he till my change and be the duties of life no longer Sor wis those who have no Hope. What heart does not feel a res tse to the new life the freshness and buoy inspires everything around about i ii Inui there is no such thing As kale nature now not even in appear w Vic tier or. Holback s theory of All be True or false Spring l 85i motion to a goodly share of the Visi is a living being whose blood is in the mean time might be. The movement spread consternation among the friends of Freedom. No one can under Bland the almost Universal fears or pertained i for the South who has not perused the Cor Respondence of Day. For a time Suc Cess followed every footstep of the Cornwallis advancing rapidly United himself to the British generals Philips and Arnold As Early As the latter end of May Lafayette who had been despatched to soccer Greene but had been arrested by the enemy on the James River was preserved from capture Only by his Energy and and .1 his veins he must belong at a Junction was effected be below the poly i or the i Twain Hirn and Wayne and subsequently a a bite. The Clear Blue sky Over head i detachment led by then a Cloud the warm i inc beams lavishly Ohall around tie fall Silver streams running from the "7 Hill Side and Lancing Orer the rocks i it Sling buds springing grass playful ther increased his Baron Force. Steuben still fur happily at this frolic Soma glee of the children weakened retired to York torn. Crisis. Sir Henry Clinton alarmed by Wash Inston s preparations for the siege of new York recalled a portion of the Force of Corn Wallis and that general now somewhat d to breathe the fresh air and with the magnetism of Earth pad to Charm a Lover of make civilized dignity and become child. You would avoid the path of and you would turn for your or the 8tep8 of liar. His breath and destroy. Nape can con Trust him. He is hated Sand shunned by his friends. 1 Gat entangled in the net of false the utmost exertion and prudence j your former standing for unless Ewall to All your All both in this life and that which is a t Ong gentleman Baring of s to ask a lady for the snuffers across the her in the following Onam and Char will your Ladyship by in in undeserved condescension of info please to extend to your most a devoted and very Humble servant of Igo potent Ign potent digestion Eyce of the order Oft. Respondent More potently. You buy sell or Bare my a War Trust to Lafayette had never ceased to urge on Washington the practicability of capturing thus ending the War at a blow provided the Northern army by a sudden March from the Hudson could be thrown into the Scales against the enemy. But the commander in chief s favorite scheme was the reduction of new York and it was Long before he could be brought to see its impracticability. When he was once Colvin cedi however he acted with his usual skill and promptness. The whole of the French allies and two thousand of the Continental line were detailed for the Southern expedition which Washington determined to Lead in per son the Anarch of the troops was concealed As Long As possible while a sufficient Force was. Left to defend the Hudson and so completely was sir Henry Clinton deceived that the Al lied forces had reached the Delaware before he aware their intention to move southward. The Brave Continentals traversed far different feelings the ground Over which they had fled a Fow years before ill provi poorly clothed and marking their foot Steps with blood there was before them the Prospect of reducing a formidable army with but Little expense of blood and treasure thus revenging their own wrongs and re Deming their country. They had already eluded Clinton and a few Days Woald probably enable them to surround Cornwallis. They with High Hopes cheering their Way a Jyh songs and before the end of september arrived at Williams Burg in the immediate Vicinity of the the Allied army commanded by Washington in person moved Down from Williamsburg to Yorktown and on the 30th of september occupied the outer lines of Cornwallis which that general had abandoned without a Strug Gle. Two thousand men were detailed to the Gloucester Side to blockade that the investment was now Complete. It was not however until the night of the 6th of october that the americans broke ground within six Hundred Yards of the ene my s lines the intermediate time having been employed in bringing up the stores Ard heavy artillery. By Daybreak the trend bus Werp sufficiently advanced to cover the men. In less than Lour Days a sufficient number of Bat teries redoubts Hail 6vm Lence fire of the Oil the trill 1 rinse Hrire Cannon from 1ho Rui Liot balls of the Allied batteries to a. English i n Gate and till Hirujo trans Coits lying i Harbor con Wallis now in no Succour had arrived from Yolk. And the allies wre pushing the siege with extra Ordinary vigor. On the night of Thi Lith the i second parallel was Opuni i within to lire Hund red Yards of the British Liin f. J Giese new trenches were thanked by two redoubts in i Possession of the enemy who taking avati Tage of the Circum stance opened several new Ems ensures. Nod kept up an incessant and destructive lire. It became necessary to carry these by storm and the evening of the fourteenth was fixed for tie purpose Une redoubt being assigned to the americans and the other to the Frenchi. A Noble emulation fired the soldiers of the respective nations As they advanced across the Plain. Lafayette led the Continentals the Baron de Vio Minel commanded his countrymen the redoubt entrusted to the americans was carried at the Bayonet s Point the assailants Rushing on with such impetuosity that the sappers had not time to remove the a Attis and Palisades. The French were equally courageous and successful though As their redoubt was defended by a larger Force the Conquest so speedy and their loss was greater. It was at one time currently believed that Lafayette with the concurrence of washing ton had issued orders for every Man to be put to the sword in retaliation for the massacre at new London a few weeks before colonel Hamilton who took part in the As Sault and who had ample Means of knowing the truth has publicly denied the statement. The redoubts were the same night included in the second parallel and their guns., the next Day made ready to be turned against the foe. V Cornwallis was now reduced to extremities. His works were crumbling under the shot of the first parallel and in another Day the new trenches Willd open their fire at half the distance Iri this emergency re solved on a sortie hoping thus to retard the completion of the batteries in the second parallel. The Enterprise was at first Success troops that bad passed Over re crossed to the Southern Side. A capitulati6% was now the Only resource. Accordingly at ten the same Forenoon Corn Pallia beat a Parley and proposed a Cessa Tion of hostilities for one Day in order to agree on_term3 for the surrender of Yorktown and Gloucester. Washington granted two hours for Cornwallis to prepare his proposals and that no time might be lost sent in his own. The answer of British general rendering it probable that but Little difficulty would occur in adjusting the in ton consented to Tel cessation of Hoff Rili ties 18tb the commissioners from the two armies met but evening arrived be fore they c Oum agree except on a rough draft of the terms of surrender. These however Washington caused to be copied and sent them Early next morning to Cornwallis determines not to lose the slightest advantage by delay. He further informed the British a Espial that a answer was expect Edib y eleven o clock and that in Case of a Garrison must March out by two in the afternoon no resource being left signed. It was a proud Day for the War worn troops of America when the richly appointed Soldi Britain marched out with dejected faces from their works and in profound is the Nice stacked their arms on the Plain in pre. Set ice of the conquerors. But no unmanly was seen among the allies. With decent pity they gazed of the spectacle re serving their congratulations for their Pri vate quarters. But rejoicings were loud and fervent and the Gay Frenchman from the Loire joined in triumphal song with the a Lindy Soi of new England or the More enthusiastic virginian. By the capitulation More than seven thou Sand prisoners exclusive of seamen fell inti the hands of the allies. Among the Cap Tives were two generals and thirty one Fiel i officers. The artillery by Chest and Pii Mic stores Wen snit Nouyi i to Washington while the ships and seame to is j were assigned to count de frenc Icli i . In addition to those made prison the capitulation the loss of the Garri i son Liuying the Sii be was Hundred an Kitty two the Allie a army lost about thre i Hundred. The Whol u Force including to i militia in Loci Washington s command sixteen thousand. The siege occupied cd eve Days to the opening of the treaty and ibid teen to the signing of the capitulation. Thon was a Leig body of americans i Yorktown Wii had joined tie British army and a Brno. Allis endeavoured to Juo vide for their safety in i he capitulation. But As the subject belonged to the civil department Washington rejected the article. The escape of these men was Jio Vever humanely connived at for a Sloop of War was allowed to proceed to new York with despatches in searched and in they embarked. On the very Day when capitulation was. Signed at Yorktown sir Henry Clinton sailed from Sandy Hook with seven thousand men to. Relieve Cornwallis but on the when off the capes of Virginia having received intelligence of the surrender he altered his course for new York. This Brilliant result was achieve d chiefly by the Energy and Wisdom of a delay of one week would have frustrated his plans relieved Cornwallis and protracted the War perhaps for years. Before the siege began a circumstance occurred which came near destroying the Suc Cess of the Campaign. Immediately after the arrival of Washington at Williamsburg the count lying in the Chesapeake received intelligence that the British Fleet having been reinforced was preparing to at tack him and considering his position unfavourable for a naval combat he determined to put to sea for the purpose of meeting the enemy leaving Only a few frigates to continue the blockade of Yorktown. This Resolution alarmed the commander in chief for if the count should be blown off the enemy might attain a temporary superiority on those and Cornwallis be either to stand of colors of those yielded in the capitulation to to pieces of Field ordinance to Roc Lambeau and the permission of Ihbe Monarch was solicited to bestow a Sirlilar gift on de Grasse he whole body went la solemn procession o Church in order to return thanks to Al mighty god for the Success of the Allied arms and a proclamation was issued enjoining the Observance of the 13th of december As a Day if thanksgiving and prayer. The capture of Yorktown virtually Tex i the War. Two formidable armies had Dow been sacrificed in the vain attempt to due the colonies and Public opinion in England began to assert the impracticability f conquering America a Large party Here lad Long maintained this and the continuance of the War was attributed to the obstinacy of the British minister but the Rha script letters of lord North Early As 1778, a wish to acknowledge the Independence of the states and it is now establishes satisfactorily that nothing but the Persona will of the Sovereign protracted the conflict luring the last three years. But after Thall of Cornwallis there was no longer any Lope of Suec Essi from every Quarter o England came up the dying prophecy of the Earl of Chatham. The Monarch yielded to s storm land the United states were dared free and Independent by the Sam British parliament which had lately Denoun ced Tern As revolted provinces. Fun at mid Piglet. About Ful and the two batteries which were now nearly completed fell into the hands of the foe but the guards from the trenches immediately hastening to the assistance of their fellow soldiers the enemy was dislodged and driven Back into his works. The same Day the second parallel opened several of its Bat teries. It was hoped that by morning every gun might be brought to Bear. Having failed in his sortie and knowing that Bis position was now untenable the Bri Tish general took the desperate Resolution of crossing Over to Gloucester Point in the night and cutting his Way through the blockading Force there then mounting his men on what Ever horses he could size to make rapid March northward and join sir Henry Clinton. By this movement he would abandon his sick and baggage but he Woald save himself the disgrace of a surrender. Boats were secretly procured and the first embarkation reached the Point safely and Uii perceived but at this juncture a Vio lest storm arose which drove the boats Down the River. The tem meantime the French Fleet in pursuance of pent continued until

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