Page 2 of 11 Jan 1843 Issue of Tioga Eagle in Wellsboro, Pennsylvania

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Tioga Eagle (Newspaper) - January 11, 1843, Wellsboro, PennsylvaniaMy dear Ferow under my admin Sara i make my to my own Irnee. I a glad to be so in jul Tori. of Jutt find deceived. When people i Tih troublesome they h to a huh them Etlan never Callb i take Sartre next the the Senate Contd House ref Kep re of Penns Ivania citizens in Foj in my former message entered very fully into the Ftp Lancisi condition and Oiher Gen eral interests of the stale i deem it Uri necessary to repeat the views alien submitted 10the legislature but simply to re Fer to them and that re main substantially the Sartre As Here i fore expressed. I shall proceed Ai Oriee your to those Public polity which to Iri re e greatest degree the attend soft Bathe Legin lat ure. In Cor Atnori wiih1 every state in the Union with All of Mercial world the citizens of it Vania are1 tick to the severe ordeal of Embarrass in crippled and Par affied i private and p Public Enterprise. Arrested the timid1 alarmed the boldest Stag gated Wijt in Bat it is some Cinsola for 09 Tore lec to that these Rusf ficus far As Spehn Syliama is concerned of the rash and impolitic legislation of a single year and that none of the responsibility rests for upwards often years Pennsylva Tiia had been gradually improving her can lit on and enjoying All the Adan Lages that from a substantial currency and the entire Confidence of parts of the world. At an unfortunate period the banking capital which Hijii during this sea son about Twenty millions of dollars w increased to hear sixty and a one if the most fatal a impolitic Public improve tinder Takii -7 corporation1 incl far Ihler m Jock Foffi individuals con i reaps into Sipeer totally unable an i final re Des use to a Vicli to bring to a by to Render the Tractive of Lii Batik Bubble his crushed All the Terri uses Public arid private a in every Quarter of the at site som ziment of blasted Tope and Public it who Lill e time to i i Romshe panic and to w vision the ext edit of the no ischia will be found far As i Heen gone Raj by supposed. The and Indi Sriry of the Tommu Niini As they a re by our. Immense id in left in Der find her to forfeit either of he neither the conf of her citizens attend up she May he Lepow a left Tif the discharge of Gage me its until a More convey to fit to deny the Ohlig Alioa 3r to refuse to a simply Wigt it be a reproach upon her in Egri Ich no Public advise 01 m. A Vever great her Public debt May o lax of a few cents Are sent in d Fly v who Clio great Uius 1nt Sij it Day Liia Tatj this Ial Ioil her the a Coal a n i a any Deslou Vork Are in Cater her p ii Tion have of Langue Fiden sex Pei since theft 4 Cunis Radii than egret Harn Nearl Rhon fully. River ill pre lateral will Orion overcome is Tom , and go on Ai if ii had never some will Umlor to namely Rte shed tie Groat i mss of the vill in inc end be Little i elected. Thil portion of Corri Mushy in Agricol Litral free from Derby and possessed of nil inti to fits thai arise i favourable and plentiful harvests. I am see to or which Sims for to per the Xieo the stir veil in a Zotigh Broil Active of much ten Ora by inconvenience ill Yeti mainly to the rom Munith be if Wiir each us to. Rely on turn Airn Ion to the Deve open Lent of own resources and to obtain thai our Oivin i Abr Hak Edilh by it Jet upor trait. May be the fears of that portion of our who Are always predicting ruin and bemoaning the which they do not understand time will soon prove that the resources of Pennsylvania her ability to Gricet All Lier engagements and the resp Fil of her citizens Lor the plighted Faith of the state have not been in ther Fiji Ghisi degree shaken by of the lures under which Are nov Ujj Sufler Jig. In nearly a to in stones these fears will be. Found to have had thei origin in the croaking of Dema who to Jund a value her Mea Ris acid tie integrity o her. I they it Remote Ihei pwn . Of the pro. Be any owners acct Ratey Jacq painted with nature of her resources. If there he any of her citizens who think that she will Jirovec faithless and uti villing to discs it ,.sa know True charac or and meet a Fth to o Fa-v6r, any portion the what agrees a do Iii to pay she agrees to any pc t in plausible name which threw Way of the 3ilir input ration every be Ilie triumphant pro on of that War or the correction evils which it Nevi Lubly entailed the country. 13 it no withstand these formidable discouragements Rod sense the Enterprise the a m of the people seconded those trusted with the administration government who performed their with roman firmness and integ taxes were recommended Levi d , to sustain the credit and of the government stored business resumed a neck channels and one of the nost Hing seasons in the history of our by succeeded. That enormous was in the process .6f time entire Ingn shed. Those who reborn a the necessary measures to the of this great end have been led with respect and gratitude. Ame honest and fearless discharge a will be attended with the same s now. Our history never corded a in which in Man who by the Honor country in critical emergencies of fully sustained in his efforts by Low citizen to. He May be Trade d vilified but a Manly and Faith charge of duty outlives the Effort to reducers. The proudest Monu that a Public Man can desire to his children is one inscribed he his duty he dared perform Ilver flinched from his Post. E whole amount of the present d debt of the state exclusive opposite of the surplus Revenue 24. This debt is Reim 88 it of loan Ictor 14th go 00 ear 1841 1844 00 1846 of 1847, of 00 1853 00 1854 00 1856. 88 1853 44 00 1680 18q1 1868 _ _.l863 00 00 "-1 1865 Ujj 1868 t5" at tie expire certain set interest due 1st certificates have 5 is Stintl redeemable in aug.-1843, 53 24 St n oar condition u was t his debt has been contracted for the following purposes Viz for canals and railways 15 to pay interest on Public debt for the use of the teas airy 00 .1 v too Uii Ion canal 00 Eastern Peni tertiary Tao too 00 Franklin rail Road 00 Penn a. Djino canal 00 06 24 of ofor Public 00 is 15 the state owns Bank Stock which costal a Par Turnpike and Bridge Stock 45 canal Navi gallon Slock 66" Railroad Slock Volney due on u patented lands estimated at .00. T6 the foregoing does not include the amount due to Domestic creditors entered on the books of the auditor general per Resolution of 7lh april 1842. _ these internal improvements for the construction of which the principal amount of the state debt has been in of Miles of Carial and railways com 140j Miles of canals in Progress of construction arid nearly completed. The finished works Are As follows Miles. The Delaware canal from was ton to tide Al Bristol 593 the main line of canal and rail any from Philadelphia to Pil Burg 3954 canal from Beaver on the Ohio River to the Mouth of the French Creek feeder in the direction of Erie 97j canal from Franklin on the Al leg Tieny River to Conneaut Lake 494 canal Susquehanna and North Branch from Island to Liick Wannu 1114 canal West Branch from nor to Farrandsville 73 several Side and navigable feeders 7 trial canals completed canals in Progress and nearly completed Miles. North Branch Extension from Lacknow Fonna to a York line 90 Erie Extension from the Mouth of the French Creek feeder to Erie Harbor 38i a Eoniseo Carial from Duncan s Island to Wiconisco Creek 12j total canals in Progress 1403 the slate has always met the pay meet of the interest upon the Public debt with punctually until the Semi an Nual payment due on the 1st of August 1 ast when for want of adequate pro vision for that purpose certificates of the amount due to each Holder of the Stock i Ere issued bearing an interest of six per cent payable in one year agreeably to the act passed the 27ih Day of july last. It now becomes the Imper Ilive duty of the legislature to make provision As Well for its payment As for the payment of the interest fall ing due on the first of february and at Tust nest. Some Mode of raising the a mount necessary for the payment of this interest less Burthen some to the people is devised the taxes imposed by existing i aws seem to be indispensable. It May be worthy the consideration of the legislature however whether the present defective system of making assessments and reaching the objects it t Izat Zorij does not require if is believed if such revision be judiciously Blade that no increase o t the taxes now authorized wow be Neces sary to produced an adequate amount from the source cover the pressing demands Rivade Tripon the Treasury you will observe by i report accompanying this message that in pursuance Oit he act of Assembly passed for that purpose on on the 27th Day of july , proposals Vodre invited for the Sale of in Public improvements of the Corn tried a utterly failed. The Tuths the amount of Money necessary for the Purchase of any Erable por Forf of our improvements is greater than any citizen of our country Weie they to be sold they would toe Cessario either directly ror fall in to the bands of of eign capitalists. The people great measure the conliol0ver thei it management and they necessarily become private monopolies. This would see m to be a Rnea Juric As , the Public in Terest As it would he Hajni listing to the revenues upon our Public not diminished Ift any pro portion to the i he pm bait is ments which Haive been thrown in Way of Trade. It w Mil he seen by ring to the report of the.canaticorrimis1 , which will be shortly Laid be fore you that scars pity and depreciation of Money the impaired condition of the enor Mous receipts from tolls fiscal year ending 30th Toi the. Expedit lives for All purposes for the nine months commencing on the is March i end i lug november 30th 1842, amount to leaving of receipts for the. Year Over the expenses of of notwithstan.dingiithe-. Decrease in has free in is. The receipts and expenditures on the main lines have been As follows tolls ref div All expenses de in 1842. And Lia Bili. Lies 9 months. Columbia Railroad 50 45 Easton and Juniata divisions Alleghany Poi Taga Kail fond 40 Western division 42 00 48 2q leaving an excess of tolls Over sex , of 28, in the usually denominated the main line from Philadelphia to of the Delaware division and Oiler branches of the canals the excess of tolls Over expenditures during the same period has been 44. It is worthy too of remark that the expenses for of pairs alone for the nine months has been Only 30. This exhibit cannot fail to inspire us with increased Confidence in the Ultima be usefulness of Dar pub Lic works strengthened As it is by the fact that there has been a t Alling off in inc canal tolls of new York for the fiscal year ending 30th of of s9. It is Propp r Here also in explanation to Utate one fact worthy of consideration. At the Nomnie Cement of my Admi uis traction there was a debt due for Ordi nary repairs previously done inde pendent of the debts due on the Beaver division of for the repairs of the Hunt Ingdon county breach for repairs indispensable to opening and the successful prosecution of the navigation 4 c., As per report of enee neers especially detailed for that service amounting to the sum of which has been hanging like an in Cubus on the whole has Chii Tribulee much to Embarrass its operations and the most laudable those entrusted with the conducting of hum. In the Progress of time too the Grester portion of the perish Ible materials of our Public works became so far decayed and dilapidated As to require in most instances a a r Lial in Many instances an entire re Newal during the first three years of my administration. Large amounts were necessarily expanded in making these repairs so Large indeed that pub Lic Cona Dence was very considerably shaken in the usefulness and value of the system itself. Those who did not reflect on the circumstance to which i have Jutt adverted supposed this extra or Linary outlay for repairs must be annually repealed. But being done the expenses for purpose for a number of years to come will be greatly diminished. While speaking upon this i May cell your alte Ilion to a considerable item of expenditure which May be with Justice hereafter wholly Cut off. A very considerable Stim is annually paid for repairing Anol the Jarjou s Bridges for Public affy convenience across the canals and Raiji ways. This Burden hits been hereto fore sustained by , but Consil Erting ipe great value of the system of education of common schools private property the prov Muou pass a ble porno of Fiu the repairing the Pri vate Budges should be clone by the owner Ruif Public ones by the Tov Enship or coun ties in Are situated. Annual Fri which i look occasion to refer to the Coulib nations of private companies and individuals to monopolize and reap nearly air fio Metthe on our internal improve. There has Beer a trial and con Victon of several persons on the Clear est proof of a most flagrant conspiracy to tender this monopolizing Combina Tion still More Triumph int Over the this conviction will Hare ithe Salsury tendency to arrest hereafter any such illegal attempts. It is Noto to be hoped Iha to by the removal of such objects to Way of fan individual Competition our Public improvements vill be Tosh elite and equal enjoyment of All several recommendation or what Weie deemed Essen Al reforms in the management of our internal improve ments made Eit Wierby the executive or canal have been hitherto baffled and Defeated bar a Pembina tons of not easy to comprehend. Not deem it necessary to Sug Ges Libras but will refer Youj to his last a crib sol pre sent report of earial Demmus donors in which ave Elaine a i Frust that been the doubt11 heretofore Oft thy subject if any there and propriety of uni King them Amelr Evv question in during the As Well As Fot Mer. Years the caviar commissioners h ave been la boxing to Correct the most glaring of the errors abuses had crept management of the Public have done much but much remain s to be done unless1 seconded by there will i ibo Fem it i to be lamented the Power to remove it a nothing has been Dona under the acts of is simply passed at the Jast ses Sion for die incorporation of Compa Nies to Complete the unfinished lines of of r i Proy erne Nis. If Filic Tual Motl e for the accomplishment of this be devised it will afford me great pleasure to operate xviii you in carrying it into execution. The Resolution of the Genera As Sembly of of last rela Tive to the payment of interest to Domestic provides hat such of the creditors of the Camm in weal try As do not choose to receive of Stock shall he entitled to a credit to the amount of their claim on the Bobks of the auditor general and shall receive interest at six per cent on bal ances due for work done prior to the ,4th of 1341, interest allowed Iton that Date and on balances due for work done since 4th of May 1841, interest t o be allowed from the Pas Sage of the act. And the first e Tion of the act of the 27th of july Hist after making certain specie appropriations directs whatever balance Moy be in the Treasury on the first Days of August november and february and then next after paying current de mands on the Treasury to be divided pro the Domestic creditors haying for work done prior to the Forth of May 1541, or for 4 c., of finished lines of canal and rail previous to the first Clay of april 1842. In pursuance of the foregoing acts claims amounting in the aggie Gatej to 23 were entered on the books of the auditor general at the close the financial year of which shot 78 was for work done prior and 45 for work done the 4th of May on the first of August the Treasury would not admit fore the first and ouly Twenty per cent was paid on the first of november together with All in Terest then due which amounted dividend and interest to notwithstanding the Sulls which Haye grown out of the Broad and auction Given by the auditor general to the Resolution of the 7th of april there Yei remains a very deserving of creditors who have received none of its benefits nor was it at All practicable to bring them its pro Tho poor la borers scattered along the improve who with their own hands do the work necessary to keep them in naw Gawe condition should be objects the first care of the Jwj this ii Fiance they were entirely overlooked the appropriation Lor re pairs being inadequate. Of adm the Parat ively trifling nimber Erti Ter them on the books-.1 of the a Ditar general., if they had been entered it would in Many cases have Cost whole aum due to procure the to the of rent instead of payment to offer d0op a pro dividend on it is a ideally that this0 worthy and in most suffering class of Domestic cred will receive the attention of the ii lature. R it has happened i Reni action. 0 a a sperm of of pcnns3lvania As on Sions heretofore been with Tyr institutions found on unsound Princi pies Flat with All Powers and with All its hold on pm Jhc Confidence and support it has the weight of its own if and be. Native action can Rea i Ore Public Dence in the Jinks or Render them of More service to he Community it Wail become Ybur duty to furnish it. The Mode of the Aid to of r in the hands of the representatives of the people. Bit the Public certainly expect that you will until ample prevision for withdrawing from the notes issued by the Banks in pursuance of the act of 4th of May 1841 and it will afford me operate with you. In any measure that May be deemed advisable for the accomplishment of i his object at the same Lime i will take. Occasion to suggest one source from whi6h the Means maj be readily obtained of extinguish a Large portion issues. I refer to the Sale of Bank and other stocks in the state is interested. 1 think an amount might be realized in this to answer the purpose if provision be a d e by jail that tie proceeds of. Be exclusively a p. the object. Present condition of the Bank of requires the most cafe Ful consideration of the legislature. The state has a deep interest in proper that equally so in winding it up if deemed a politic several acts were passed daring the 1 As Bijj relation of it but owing to Soine defect they did not answer the purpose . Some remedy should be at once provided one suggestion i vill make on the subject Ami that in no contingency should the control of the Bank be placed exclusively in the hands of private Stock holders. Let the state and stockholders be put on the e same having share of cosi troll to. The of stock1 held no can Fieri a made and the interests m Jilies be properly a riled. This much at least Public has a right to expect the passage of the Law providing fur the election of members of con Gress will be one of the subjects de manding your Early attention. The apportionment of ills members of the two houses of general ass emblems also a matter in which the people Are deeply interested arid which will of course claim your most careful consideration. The basis of a apportion ment Bill on this , should be Equality fairness to All Sec Lions of the slate. In no other Man Ner can the various interests be repro Senieff. The fundament Al principles of a Republican government a and Pur own Coni Littion guarantee this right to every county in the state the a portion men t Bill passed on the 16tli june 1836, Rill not i. Conceive be regarded As an example bit As a Beacon to be shunned by every legislator who to and is Hon Estly of carrying into execution tie injunctions of the cons citation. No extra Jesus considerations can justify a it and on Oil occasions 4 departure has been at tempted it recoiled fold Force on the of those by was made. Al i have Repe Stiedly called the Atten Tion of the legislature to the subject of selecting jurors in the several coun ties in the Viaje forbear to urge it again there is but on of u unde separate whee pose of Drav courts there the manner o into the diff grievance very you and to add that much suggested in of jurors for 5 this objection in those counties where is where s Are kept for the Pur Turg Juro m for different is Rueh coi plaint As selecting put Cut wheels. It has been one Only was which Del the panels Iii the courts were do sign would be in a Greet Meas ure obviated. I will merely further remark that the system of drawing jurors would be very greatly perfected if the drawing of the same were to be dons by the commissioners and sheriff in the e open court finder supervision of one or More of the judges recent experience Calis aloud for the Prole Ciofi of the jury Box from even of suspicion. M y View s his so fully express. Set i Dorfner thes sages. Iris apr of the a lib sitar and Ratet Prift of the suf and Dett Del Aca Derai of the i to y i that v system and less Burthen some i Njuty. Perhaps the e kt0lurrteers would by i that Coulombe adopted of these ends to be in number i they calf any other state should any require could1 Muster up Var thousand of these Iri i of her the complexity t Many of material act entitled an act i Omen for debt and j have i almost nugatory produced Little Bene j and much Nicori Veniene its provisions certain i revisit ii and if any 1 a earned necessary i 1 very different in a features from the arc sections contain Leo. However Well design with so Little precision 110 the most into crab frequent complaints i Pii Ladelphia on the Subj justices of u i sume mod a Saliou 1 Snigg and. 11 this s i Eric lion and oppression i laxity and Imja Umily to or the Teri dec y of Priblu i past Lias Gri j in and relax Theale Culious this morbid feeling Lias land Tice so Hij spectacle to see courts a so glance on uie clearest one Day and lec Ommi tic Cutie the next. Tin Laj Nedila Altess their incl v the magistrate in Ernste pardoning offenders an Guise that unless some 11 will in the e and it and t abuse. These remarks s with a View to invite i he subject As to Influent lion of the legislature o the criminal Juji spi it has been stated Ilia Nies insurance Pompati corporations which live Vii thin the last Jen years Iza Ibn and obtained to conforming strictly to t liw or alien having of acts where felted and have through cured of car without having Ilii Ern from the Penally i de and to Sanctify the lion in which they origin lion As plus is doubtless interest and Public Safe recommend Lollie leg isl the subject and if any s smuggled through in not Mani Iesu to to re to leave Ailiese corp lie same situation in laced them at uie Tini a. And diurnal Clian cry t in some Softli couns Ithol suitable proviso forthe execution of the to be derived from i jurisprudence will in a Pless these detects Ai Jilie provisions a Ihori 6 appointment of a wors and their fun Ine legislature havin agent to receive from to this dividend of ibis St be sales of the Public 1 esq., Suhrit Giren Meany received it at the explorations

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