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Tioga Eagle (Newspaper) - January 2, 1850, Wellsboro, PennsylvaniaA i _ a Locust car to 3to0, politics a vets Fate Ronnie Jeo Raling agriculture and no. 20. Wednesday morning january 2, 1s50. Whole no. President s delivered december 24, 1849. Of and House in con i for a Long time been in attendance at Frank tort on the Maine and although a minister appointed to represent that Empire was received and accredited Here yet no such government As that of the German Empire has been definitely constituted. Or. Donel f firemen. The 1. I e f r i Sinif Mil who formerly i Irr i ii Llie downfall of our m ,111 n Nifina civil Only to be in he i ried suites of America i mini ill. Pris tits to the world i bed in in Aimont government on the u Pond labors of those i Pon i Iii less Tho future in amt lice of it unimpaired to in at peace nil Tho to our Cheim cd nil he of maund. J ii Liron blessed k i i Nee Wilh an of i ill Earth and although the cd i inti i. Ii i Tim melt d i our Tri Nunry with tie 1 a several months in the expect assembles on that a Umon of the go Rama states under one Constitution or form of government might at length be organized. It is believed by those Well acquainted Wilh the existing relations Between Prussia and the states of Germany that no such Union can be permanently established without her co opera Tion. In the event of the formation of such i a Union and the organization of a Central Power in Germany of which she should i form a part it would be Curnc necessary to w itch Law our minister at Berlin. But while Prussia exists As an Independent kingdom and diplomatic relations Are maintained with her there can be no necessity fir the continuance of the Mission to Frankfort. 1 have therefore re called or. Donal soft and Dicicc cd the archives of the legation at Frankfort to to transferred to the american legation at Reiling. Cuba invasion suppressed. Having been apprised that a considerable number of adventurers were engaged in Tugal to do Justice to the american claim ants has now assumed n character so grave and serious that. I shall shortly make it the subject of a special message to Congress with a View to such ultimate action its Wisdom and patriotism May suggest. Increasing in numbers have imparted new consequence to our relations Wilh the other countries whose Terri tories Border upon that Ocean. It is Proba ble that the Intercourse Between those coun tries and our possessions in that Quarter with Russia Austria Prussia Sweden particularly the Republic of Chili will Denmark Belgium the Netherlands and 1, my 11 .1 i a Milf inc it the almighty _ _ til Dick May his. I fitting out a military expedition within the inestimable bit Bynm of general United states against a foreign country a i cop e have lidded i believing from the Best information i with and im., could obtain that it if a lion i la of Cuba i deemed it due to the i i i tin benefits of amicable Friendly relations existing Between the uni inn int ions Mikuc Ted states and Spain to the treaty Between inv Silil Illi Antlions and the Trio nations to the Laws of the United states and above All to the american Honor to exert the lawful authority of this govern in suppressing the expedition and pre tin we by n Ihk to main vending the invasion. To tji Send i issued is Hirse an a Dpi a a proclamation enjoining t upon Heb Fri r i no All Bill Ign Ceis of the United states civil and military i to use All lawful Means within their Power to suppress in. A copy of that proclamation is herewith submitted. The expedition Hue or Haik a in Oiler Quad it is a of ii a. Inn win rules the in sonics to .11 Intercourse. Mali great i Brilain Are of has been suppressed. So Long As the act of Congress of the 20th of april 1818, which owes its existence to the Laws of nations and to the policy of Washington him self shall remain on our statute Book i hold it to be Tho duty of the executive Faith fully to obey its injunctions. While this expedition was in Progress i was informed that a foreigner who claimed our Protection had been clandestinely and As was supposed forcibly carried off in a vessel from new Orleans to the Island of Cuba. 1 immediately caused such Steps to by taken As i thought necessary in Case the information i bad received should prove Correct to the Honor of the coun try and the right of Cipry person seeking an Asylum on our soil to the Protection of j our Law. The pc son alleged to have been i much Isi wag wild the of the Case Are now about to investigation before a judicial Tri dip Lornah a scr j respect fully suggest that Iho crime charged to have been committed in this Case is held odious As be Ini a conflict with our opinions of the subject of National sovereignty and personal Freedom there is no prohibition of it or i is in character. In Congo n i u v it null of inc British i i. I in i n ish vessels from British f d t ports will under our exist Iii r inc dist d in of january n i Blini Ltd to entry in our ports with m Ufi n f Leif or pro i ii i i my Olliie world on the terms is Tot duties Imoma and charges is a is of inc states Wilh their Irons a us our will be a it tied to lie Urie my s 111 British poits on Ter Iii 4 Tii n in on the same terms As British slut Silil nth Oriter in Choimei Dis-1 Liisu tic Art of the Cut by1 which i Inu a niacin is brought with the terms prep nerd be Art of f Osif Russ of ilic1 firs j the italian states we still sustain Bur Ami Cable relations. Papal to Rome. During the recent revolutions in the papal states our charge d affairs at Rome has been unable to present his letters of credence which indeed he was directed by my predecessor to withhold until he should have received further orders. Such was the unsettled condition of things in those states that it was not deemed expedient to give him any instructions on the subject of presenting his credential letter different from that which he had been furnished by the late administration until the 25th of june last when in consequence of the want of accurate information of the exact state of things at that distance from us he was instructed to exercise his own discretion in presenting himself to the then existing government if in his judgment sufficiently Stuble or if not to await Furt Ojel events. Since that period Rome has undergone an other revolution and he decides the Lish ment of a government sufficiently Iper manent to justify him in opening diplomatic Intercourse Wilh it. I mexican Republic.1 with the of Mexico it is our True policy to cultivate the most Friendly relations. Since the ratification of the treaty of Guadaloupe Hidalgo nothing has occurred of a serious character to distrust them. A faithful Observance of the treaty and a sincere respect for her rights cannot fail to secure inc lasting Confidence and Friendship of that Republic., the message of my predecessor to inc House of representatives of the 8th of february last communicating in compliance Wilh a Resolution of that body a copy of a paper called a protocol at qua Claro on the 30th of May 1848, by the commissioners of the United states and the minis Ter of foreign affairs of the mexican government having been a subject of correspondence Between the department of slate and the envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary of that Republic accredited ing examined the proposed line of communication they will be ready to commence the undertaking whenever that Protection shall be extended to them. Should there appear to be reason on examining the whole evidence to entertain a serious doubt of the practicability of constructing such a become expensive and mutually Adlanta i doubt could be speedily solved y i i by an actual exploration of the route. Should such a work be constructed under the common Protection of All nations for equal benefits to All it would be neither Genus in proportion As California and Ore gon shall increase in population and wealth. It is desirable therefore that this govern ment should do in its Power to Foster and strengthen its relations Wilh those i expedient that any great maritime that tire spirit of airily Between stale should command the communication us should be Mutual and cordial. I recommend the Observance of the same to this government a transcript of that correspondence is herewith submitted. The Ler Tilory through which the canal May be opened ought to be freed from the claims of any foreign Power. No such Power should occupy a position that would enable l hereafter to exercise so Eon rolling an in Luence Over the Commerce of the world or to obstruct a Highway which ought to be dedicated to the common uses of Mankind. Tehuantepec routes. The routes across the isthmus at Tehuantepec and Panama Are also worthy of our serious consideration. They did not Tail to engage the Alle Ilion of my predecessor. The negotiator of the treaty of course towards All other american Stales. The United Stales stand As the great Ameri can Power to which As their natural ally and Friend they will always be disposed first to look for mediation and assistance in the event of any collusion Between them and any european nation. As we May often kindly meditate in their behalf without entangling ourselves in foreign wars or unnecessary controversies. Whenever the Faith of our treaties with any of them shall interference we must necessarily interpose. Relations with Brazil. A convention has been negotiated u Ith Brazil providing for the satisfaction of american claims on that government and it will be submitted to the Senate since the last session of Congress we have received an envoy extraordinary and minis Ter plenipotentiary from that Empire and our relations Wilh it Are founded upon the most amicable understanding. African slave Trade. Your attention is earnestly invited to an amendment of our existing Laws relating to the african slave Trade Wilh a View to the effectual suppression of that barbarous traffic. It is nol to be denied that this Trade is still in part carried on by Means of ves selves built in the United slates and owned or navigated by some of our citizens. The correspondence Between the department of state and the minister and Consul of the United states at Rio de Janeiro which has from time to Lime been Laid before Congress represents that it is a customary device to evade penalties of our Laws by Means of j Ocean it is sea letters. T vessels sold in Brazil when provided Wilh such papers by the Consul notes funded ten millions eight Hundred and thirty three thousand making an aggregate of Fifejr Berea millions six Hundred and thirty one thou Sand six Hundred and sixty seven dollars and eighty two cents the accounts and estimates which will be submitted to Congress in the report of the Secretary of the Treasury show that there will probably be a deficit occasioned by the expenses of the mexican War and trebly on the first Day of july next of five millions eight Hundred and Twenty eight thousand one Hundred and Twenty one Dol Lars and sixty six cents and on the first Day of july 1851, of ten millions five Hundred and forty seven thou Sand and dollars and seventy three cents making in the whole a probable deficit to be provided for of sixteen millions three Hundred and seventy five thousand two Hundred and fourteen dollars and thirty nine cents. The extraordinary expenses the War with Mexico and the purchase1 of California and new Mexico exceed in amount this deficit together Wilh the Loans heretofore made for those objects. I therefore recommend that authority be Guadalupe Hidalgo was instructed to offer j Given to borrow whale Fer sum May be be. A very Large sum of Money for the right of t across the isthmus of Tehuantepec. The mexican government did not accede to the proposition for the Purchase of the right of Way probably because it had Al ready contracted Wilh private individuals for the construction of a passage from the Gua Scalco River to Tehuantepec. I shall not renew any proposition to Money a right which ought to be equally secured Iball nations on payment of a reasonable toll to the owners of the improvement who would doubtless be Well contented with that compensation and the guaranties of the the world in separate treaties negotiated with Mexico binding her and them to protect those who should construct the work. Such guaranties would do no More to secure the completion of the communication through the territory of Mexico than any Oiler reasonable consideration that could be offered and As Mexico herself would be the greatest gamer by the opening of this Pessary to cover Hal deficit. I recommend the Observance of strict Economy in the appropriation and expenditure of the Publio Money. The Tariff. I recommend a revision of the existing Tariff and its adjustment on a basis which May Augi fight the Revenue. I do not doubt the Righi duty of Congress to encourage Demesne Industry which is the great source of National As Well As individual wealth and Prosperity. I look to the Wisdom and patriotism of Congress for the adoption of m system which May place Home labor at least on a sure and permanent footing and by due encouragement of. Manufactures give a new and increased stimulus to Agri culture and promote the development of our vast resources and the Extension of our Commerce. Believing that to me attainment of these ends As Well As the be Nessary augmentation of the Revenue and the prevention of a system spes wifi duties is Best strongly recon Between the Gulf and the Raen to Congress the adoption of tha t sys presumed that she j Tenly fix the at rate High enough Vir Lri her Aid. In term i a i i would not hesitate to yield her Aid in the manner proposed to accomplish an in instead of returning to the United slates for prove enl so important to her own Best a new Register proceed at once to the coast i interests. The the Boundary. Commissioner on the of Africa for the purpose of obtaining car goes of slaves. Much additional information of the same character has recently part of the been transmitted to the department of slate. Panama we have reason to Hope that the pro posed Railroad across the isthmus of palp afford substantial and sufficient encourage ment to our1 own Industry and at the same time so adjusted As to insure stability. I Olmi a Niti i i n n this eni Iii unit Fiance i i ii in to say Liren and i nine Lins Licten n Eivid. It is j Iii if i Ess n to Iff r mow to Tell j i 1 nine h led to Flint Uruci Ruplin. A to Sou ibo sincere Satis w 11 " h i be shall Welcome inc i ii i if i envoy i i s r in n i com a sister j h we so. Long of in i s i i Iii b by tin Sling Cost ties 01 i k Ian j ii Iki Utah , Nier i had entered upon the Dis k Cju Tive i was a i Vir belonging to inc fitted out in Tho u a lib Trio Aid of some s i i i l n Jii i n n u i is Nailer Tho permission i i i f n or in of Tho this i pruned lining an or Misti i Llu and the kingdom of Hull ii us Iceil Ilii Lestyn War. Apprehensive in Liis ,11 l of intervention on our part a of our Neu i us i hums incurred by Llie treaty with Thimi and of Chr provisions of the act Nurss of inc Lith of april 1818, i i Luil no further Aid be run in Niu if nor of fairer of Llie Navy i i i ii ii Ted the tick Rulney of t o ii pus tin minister of Llie Gorman Empire punishment for it provided in any Art of conc Ess. The expediency of supplying this defect in our criminal code is therefore in commanded to your consideration. European wars Hunch by. I Timve scrupulously avoided any inter Ference in the wars and contentions which have recently convulsed Europe. During the last conflict Between Austria and Hungary there seemed to be a Prospect that the latter might become an Independent nation. However hint that Prospect at the Timo appeared i thought it my duty in accordance with the general sentiment of the american people who deeply sympathized with the Magyar patriots to stand prepared in the Pon 10 in establishment by her of a permanent government to be the first to Welcome Independent Hungary into the family of nations. For this Pur pose i invested an agent then in Europe Power to declare our willingness promptly to recognize her Independence in Tho event of her ability to sustain it. Tho powerful intervention of Russia in the con to psf extinguished the Hopes of the struggling tic United states did not at and time interfere in the contest but the of to nation wore strongly int. Subject an american in a foyer git country purchases a vessel built Luh led Stales to the inconvenience of sending her Home for a new re Gister before1 permitting her to proceed on a voyage. A by Alleraun on of the which might five a tendency to impede the free Transfer of properly in vessels Between our citizens or the free navigation Lof those ves Sels Between different parts 6f the world when employed in lawful Commerce should be Well and cautiously Bill i nil to the Faith of Tiea tics ill . The correspondence Nili Between the department of Ami the minister of the German pm if n herewith Laid before you. Thecle tie lev and the Observance of the to aty do civil by me to be due to the country a Asio the Sand of the Constitution. I shall to pursue the same course should a Nilor Ariso with any other nation. no once the opinion on taking Tho of office that in disputes Between con lint foreign governments it is our inter r 5t, not Iasi Ihan our duty to remain strict shall not abandon it. You will p me from the correspondence submitted in connection wit i this subject that in Lourse adopted m this Case has been Pron by Iho belligerent Powers in he matter. Alin Migli a minister of ibb United slates to she Impi or win appointed by m i in August 1848, and has rested in the cause and by the sufferings of a Brave people who had made a Gallant though unsuccessful Effort to be free. Porto Al claims. Our claims upon Portugal have been during the past year prosecuted with renewed vigor and it has been my object to employ every Effort of honorable diplomacy to pro cure their adjustment. Our late charge d affaires at Lisbon the Hon. Go. W. Hopkins made Able and energetic but unsuccessful efforts to Settle these unpleasant matters of controversy and to obtain indemnity for the wrongs which we re the subjects of complaint. Our present charge d affaires at that court will also bring to the prosecution of those claims ability and Zeal. The revolutionary and distracted condition of Portugal in past times has been represented As one of the leading causes of her delay in indemnifying our suffering citizens but i must now say it is a matter of profound regret that these claims have not yet been settled. The omission of for rapidity with which the inhabitants of Cali easily of facilitating Intercourse with our possessions on . Sandwich islands it Csc the position of the Sandwich islands with reference in the territory of Llie United United slates for marking the Boundary it has not the policy of our j win successfully Between the two republics though delayed1 re in reaching san Diago by unforeseen obstacles arrived at that place within a Short period after the time required by the treaty and was there joined by the commissioner on the part of Mexico. They entered upon their and at the Date of the latest intelligence from that Quarter some Progress had been made in the Survey. The expenses incident to the organization of the commission and to its conveyance to the Point where its operations were to begin have so much reduced the fund appropriated by Congress that a further sum to cover the charges which must be incurred during the present fiscal year will be necessary. The great length of Frontier along which the Boundary nature of the Adja cent territory and the difficulty in obtaining supplies except at or near the extremes of the line Render it also indispensable that a Liberal provision should be made to meet the necessary charges during the fiscal year ending on the 30lh june 1831. I accordingly recommend this subject to your at Tention. Claims of american citizens. In the adjustment of the claims of Ameri can citizens on Mexico provided the Lale treaty the employment of counsel on the part of the government May become important for the purpose of assisting the commissioners in protecting the interests of the United states. I recommended this subject to the Early and favourable consideration of Congress. Mail across the isthmus. Complaints have been made in regard to the inefficiency of the Means provided by the government of new Grenada for trans porting the u. S. Mail across the isthmus of Panama. Pursuant to our postal Conven Tion with that Republic of the 6th of March 1849, our charge de affaires at Bogota has been directed to make such representations to the government of new Grenada As will it is hoped Lead to a prompt removal of this cause of complaint. Venezuelan War. The sanguinary civil War with which the Republic of Venezuela has for some time past been ravaged has been brought to a close. In its Progress the rights of some of our citizens resident or trading there have been violated. I the restoration of order will venezuelan government an examine and redress these others of longer standing which our representatives at Carreras have hitherto inf pc actually urged upon Tho attention of that government relations with countries. The Extension of the coast of the whited states on and the unexampled the sub Treasury. Tie question of the continuance of the respectfully sub Wisdom of Congress. Icon Protection of the Lale treaty with new i l gilded important mod of it appear Grenada ratified and exchanged by my j to be indispensable Foj predecessor on the Lola Day of june for further details and views of the above which guaranties the per tact neutrality of and other matters connected Wilh com the isthmus and Llie rights of sovereignly j Meree the final ices and Revenue i refer to Awall Reapon of the Laws which and property of Grenada Over that the report of the Secretary of life Treasury. T i v r i a View that the free transit from Ocean to Ocean May not be interrupted Ori during1 the exist once the treaty. It in our policy to encourage j every practicable route across the isthmus i which connects North and South America i Trust that your Wisdom will devise a method by which our general policy in this respect May be preserved and at the same Lime the abuse of our Flag by Means of sea Lell prs in the manner indicated May be prevented. Central America. Having ascertained that ill Ere is no pros Peel of the re Union of the five slates of Central America which formerly composed the Republic of that name we have separately negotiated Wilh some of them trea ties of Emiily and Commerce which will be Aid before the Senate. State of Nicara qua ship canal. A contract having been concluded with the state of Nicaragua by a company composed of american citizens for the purpose of constructing a ship canal through the territory of that stale to connect the Atlantic and Pacific oceans i have directed the negotiation of a treaty Wilh Nicaragua pledging Boll governments to protect those who shall engage in and perfect the work. A other nations Are invited by the state of Nicaragua to enter Inlo the same treaty stipulations Wilh her and the Benefit to be derived by each from such an arrangement will be the Protection of this great inter oceanic communication against any Power which might seek to obstruct it or to monopolize its advantages. All Stales entering into such a treaty will enjoy the right of passage through the canal on payment of the same tolls. The work if constructed under these Gua rallies will become a Bond of peace instead of a subject of Contention and strife be tween the nations of the Earth. Should the great maritime slates of Europe con sent to this arrangement and we have no reason to suppose that a proposition so fair and honorable will be opposed by the energies of their people and ours will co operate in promoting the Success of the Enterprise. I do not recommend any appropriation from the National Treasury for this purpose nor do i believe that such an appropriation is necessary. Private enter prise if properly protected will Complete inc work should it prove to be feasible. The parties who have procured the charter from Nicaragua for its construction desire no assistance from this government beyond its Protection and they profess that hav agricultural interests. No direct Aid has been Given by the general government to the improvement of Ricu lure except by the expenditure of Small sums for the collection and Publica Tion of agricultural statistics and for some f a for and of her by Railroad or canal which the Energy Anav and Enterprise of our citizens May induce them to Complete and i consider it Obliga Lory upon me to adopt that policy Espe to Iye q pc fire Cully in consequence of the absolute be he a which have been thus of the Patent fund. This opinion wholly inadequate. I respectfully recommend the establishment of an agricultural Bureau to be connected with the department of Interior. To elevate the social condition of the agriculturist to increase his Prosperity and to extend his states on the1 Pacific the Suptei of our Means of usefulness to his country by mul de Severim. And benevolent citizens who sources of information should persevering and benevolent citizens who have repaired to that Remote Quarter in j be the of every statesman and a part Christian izing the natives and inducing them to adopt a system of government and Laws suited to their capacity and wants and the in i i i a j 1 no Ciul government having been provided by Congress for California the people of use made by our numerous whale ships of the harbours of the islands As places of re tort for obtaining and repairs All Combine to Render their destiny peculiarly interesting to us. Mary object Wilh every legislator. California and new Mexico. Thai territory impelled by the necessities of their poli ucal condition recently met in convention for the purpose of forming a Constitution and slate government which it is our duly la encourage the Ai Ihori i be palest advices give me reason to suppose lies of those islands in their efforts Loim has been accomplished and it is believed prove and elevate the moral and political will Shonley apply for live admission of condition of the inhabitants and we California into the Union pcs a Sovereign should make reasonable allowances for Iho difficulties inseparable from this Lask. Desire that the islands May maintain Independence and that other nations should concur Wilh us in this sentiment. We stale. Should such be the and should i her Constitution be Confori to the re could in no event be indifferent to their Pas sing under the Dominion of any other Power. I he principal commercial states have in this a common interest and it is to be hoped that no one of them will attempt quits icons of the Constitution 0f the United Stales i recommend their application to the favourable consideration of Congress. The people of new Mexico will also it is believed at no very Distant period present themselves for admission Inlo Iho Union. Preparatory to the admission of California and new Mexico the people of each will i alb ii to interpose obstacles to the entire Mepen have instituted for themselves a Republican Dence of the islands receipt9 and expenditures. The receipts into the Treasury for the fiscal7 year ending on the of june last were in Cash forty eight millions eight Hundred and thirty thousand and nine. To seven dollars and fifty cents and in Treasury notes funded ten millions eight Hundred and thirty three thousand dollars making an aggregate of fifty nine millions six Hundred and sixty three thousand and ninety seven dollars and fifty cells and the expenditures for the same time were in Cash forty six millions seven Hun Dre Jand ninety eight thousand sex Hundred and. Sixty seven dollars and eighty two cents and in Treasury form of laying its foundations in such principles and organizing is Powers in such form As to them shall most Likely to effect their safety and Hap by awaiting their action All of uneasiness May be avoided and Confidence and kind feeling preserved. With a View of maintaining the Harmony and Iraq oilily so dear to All we should abstain from the introduction of those exciting topics of a sectional character which have hitherto produced painful apprehensions in the Public mind and i the solemn earning of the first and most illustrious of my predecessors against furnishing any ground for characterizing parties by geographical Dis concluded on fourth Page

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