Read an issue on 20 Feb 1839 in Wellsboro, Pennsylvania and find what was happening, who was there, and other important and exciting news from the times. You can also check out other issues in The Tioga Eagle.
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Tioga Eagle (Newspaper) - February 20, 1839, Wellsboro, Pennsylvania1524. Horned to unseated the us in an. A of March i d an act directing the d and for and i the ands so tied for fire yes Raj and ice that can be obtained re withe commission accordance or tic offer for Sale at pts Bra allowing tracts of and monday of March ise in at 3. I of that Day. Arran tee. Ship. Ert Unson College. Labeit do do s Fisher to Lovran icon i link Shippen Hen Losey 1 Burdock do Morris do c do Ert moms do re St Peter Middle Bury Ert Morns do do do chm Ilhak Morris 5 of an treet in . Standing in the tear Jolce in net Prev Ousby Ike h duty of november a. Is a is Doud in. Id adjourned a nil Khe Rah next. Is tic mining in Tho , county a p. No h Jonas b in if Hal w be Knox p m Sheet Iron Fory. 4 co. To n i Rinon it f i Nils i Atli it tiry c inn t Copper and tin 1 w ure they have it r cot King Frank in stoves Russia Toves and Drums soit rejent of on nah. All kinds no test Slot k a lets of Tho held i Groebly owing were for onis Cir James u. Vilwon Jamss Gnu ii Bird of Dot sectors Nam Mously elected pre Snulli Secretary and n k Smith 1s39 that we grave applied to court of common was lie Bei of the and that Illey Haro Lith any of March next f n Ai d where Jaa Nuj per. In Lathrop h Austin. Or to Keut by Hnry by Roger n add Psia on Illaff. For Tarne c. O him is _ Lunk the largest and t in goods own offer Vejr wore nil Advance. To to of Superior Salt Iper Jiter cast steel axes 3. C w. Cobflsh1 Ibi Robinson. Spa Perl t february 2o i ache att weekly by j. P. My Bill. On it. Door above the Cubit haute. Thet Loga Eagle is to dished every thursday in the Borough of Wellsborough Tioga co. A. The subscription Price n year if paid in Advance or if not paid till the expiration of the year. making not Mart than a Square Mil be inserted three for Oke Dollar and fyr every Subt quent insertion two no one larger charged the lame pro Partt Ortt tote exceeding Siai Una will be charged at a of aware and those inciting six lines or Vituj ret Tim for event five and 18 3-4 every time after. The charge for one of three Traer tint the tame. A sberal redaction to Thote who advertise by me year. No subscription received for Shorter period than six Mouths nor will any paper be discontinued. Until All arrearage Are paid but at the option of the publisher. Letters relative to the business of the office and communications for the paper must be Post paid or they will not attended to. Debt due the u. States on account of conditional loan of surplus Revenue least the following sums to the follow extremities of the Commonwealth the the 78 or 82 All Iother expenditures i in. Including 14 to the Erie extent Ron 00 a Tach cana., into the o can Ann a raft for Fate ing named Viz Brier theion to the lakes and the the Public works Ca pals rail roads 92 Bank Stock 00 Turnpike and Bridge Stock 58 canal and navigation Stock 00 Rai Road Stock 59 Money due on Gunpat lands 00 estimated due of pub Lic property 09 it is right to remark in respect to this statement that i have not entered in debit item of 16 830 174 304 97 deduct amount of Esti _ _ 1__j mated receipts for remaining part of year 82 North Branch canal Gettysburg Railroad West Branch canal Wiconisco canal Allegheny feeder from the governor relative to the it Nantes of tote Siad in the Home of representatives january 26, 1839. To the Senate House of representatives of the common or Pennsylvania. The United states and an item of you 000 borrowed from the Harrisburg total deficit for 1859, 34 it will be perceived that the Perma nent and temporary Loans falling due at the times mentioned in statement constitute a part of the state debt Al ready adverted to and by providing for their payment the aggregate and unit is not increased. I have included the necessary appropriation for Ordinary re pairs among the demands to be provi ded for on the 1st february because it is a fund that should a at All in readiness and a great portion of it will be needed As soon As the business on the improvements commences in the Spring. Provision must also be made for the loan falling due on the first of at Novet not yet which the Leia Ana in Rega a of Western counties of the state 00 the instant these words 00 Are finished the Trade upon them must 00 be augmented in a manifold i Cuc. The state has already arge sums invest the canal commissioners in their re Ted Iti them from which will real port recommend the appropriation of the be pfc returns of consequence till they following sums to the works Desinaa Are finished. Other works of undoubted Viz leading directly into these to the Erie extension1 00 principal highways to Market will de North Branch 00 serv attention but in what respect Gettysburg Railroad 00 the Gettysburg Railroad claims to rank Sinnamahoning Extension 00 in the first or even in the second of Allegheny feeder 00 these classes is More f than i can Dis Wiscow disco canal 00 cover. It is Well the serious 00 and they recommend also that the further sum of 77 should appropriated for the. Current year As necessary for the permanent repair and Prosperity of the i beg leave to refer you to the message and report for the explanatory information Saccom pining these several recon Brioney in the Treasury Kcf the Commonwealth. Being inadequate to Ca Scharge the demands upon it now Ihfe and that will become due on the february con ceiv3 it to be my imperative duty to Call the immediate attention of the be Gisl Twute to this subject it is almost superfluous to remark that the credit the the Honor of the state will All by deeply affected unless by the Rorr it action of the legislature this deficiency should be supplied. I Wou d be an everlasting stigma up on he fair Fame of Penns Lama if with her vast resources and her Abun Dant Means to perform All her engage should permit her creditors for single hour to Knock at the door of an empty Treasury. Every considerations of duty and of policy requires at the hands of the legislature and the executive the most the Public engage ments. Nothing is gained by postponing the time of action for it must eventually arrive. The policy is As unwise As the spirit is unworthy of statesmen to surrender to our Succes the performance of do tier that just by devolve on ourselves. I will proceed to Lay before you the in Uncial condition of the common wealth so far As it appears to me to be connect eco with your deliberations on subject i have de Rived most of my fiscal information from those official documents which before you and which Are part jumped to furnish accurate statements of he several Mitter i o which of they respectively relate i have so recently entered upon the discharge of the Duies of the office conferred upon me by the people that i do not pretend to possess the familiar practical of the financial concerns of the Cony Mon wealth that can Only be acquire Al by an Active official participation in All their detailed i devoted to the subject that careful and scrupulous attention due alike to is importance and to t in just expectation of the legislature that no execute e communication will be submitted to it in the accuracy of which Imph i Confidence May not be reposed. To present a full and satisfy tory View of the finances of the com Moui wealth i will Lay before you in entire amount of the Public debt composed of permanent teen Prary and conditional Loans to gather with the estimated value of the i Blic property consisting of stocks canals rail roads Viz a tests contracted for pub Lic improvements by canals and 32 Loans not relating to canals and rail Roada loan for Eastern Penitentiary by of 21st March 00 loan for Union canal company by act of 1st March 1833, 00 temporary loan by 16th june 1836, 00 temporary loan by act of 14th april 1838, 00 jets due on appropriations to Ous object ,86 debts due by appropriations internal i prov Emente 01 represented. The estimate refers More directly to their Cost than to their pre the meeting of the next legislature is postponed beyond the Day egg p v i Viha so state on this subject that at the solicitation of a number of Gen Tlemcen deeply interested in the trans porting bus mess on our Public improve lots i was induced a Short time ago q my Flower any communication to make that world materially Aid your deliberations on Thia except to propriety and be Cesty of by some judicious prospective Laon not Only for the pay meet of e appropriates that May be ill blog i Gog 111, giilua.1 the finances of the state that work ought not to be abandoned till some we auspicious reasons for resuming it arrives. On no part of our system of improvements has Public opinion been More emphatically pronounced. If completed its advantage to Pennsyl Vania is questionable if indeed it is not absolutely commencement wa3 Cost of construction is enormous and should it be abandoned the Only disadvantages ill be the loss of a very Large sum of Money now irretrievably consumed by it state persevere in the Remote it is safety permanency and usefulness All depend on receiving the speedy and thorough attention of the canal commissioners. Uness the new works be repaired and in some places reconstructed before the Spring a or the sums appropriated have usually been exhausted before the nex meeting of the legislature and those engaged in the construction of ofor Public works have been compelled t6 make sacrifices to enable them to prosecute their labors or to dismiss of 201 65, has been contract de wit in the last three Jears exclusive of the hems above refined to and not charged t it is m inic to a from Ali s of the entire an out of the debts and in sources of the Commonwealth that Hei Means Are ample for All emergencies although a portion of the Public Pio Perty May not to rimmed Ulela available. The principal purpose of this Mes Sage is however to Call your attention to the present condition of the Finan Ces As exhibited by the following state ment of moneys now due or becoming due on the first of february next and immediately thereafter Viz Stock loan per act of 30th March 1824, payable 1st january 1839, 00 interest on permanent and temporary Loans 00 for Ordinary repairs on Public improvements 00 balance due of appropriations per act of 14th r april 1838 242 s64 23 them be again swept of to which perhaps May be added the sum Bor rowed for repairs of canal on Jumada Divi Sion. The legislature will also be required at its pre sent session to make provisions to pay the following Loans and demands on the trea sury due at the times specified Stock loan per act 30th March 1824 Doe 1st May next 7th dec. 1829 and 4th Jan. 1831 Lith april 1825, due 1st Jan. 1840. Temporary loan per act 16th june 1836, due in june 1839, at various times f j from 16th june to 31st october 1839, 3d Sec. Act 14th april 18 38, due before the 1st january 1840, interest on Loans due on or before the 1st aug. 1839, salaries of toll collect ors remainder of year due for repairs expenses of motive to w 00 9q 23 00 00 600000 00 us position h to l t a mated receipts into the trea n i i ii if u c present year with the of two items amounting to Are composed of the Ordinary of the state alone. It is Ren dered certain that the fourth instalment of the surplus Revenue from the Gene ral government will not be received nor will there be Bank bonuses or any other of those accidental and extraordinary Means of replenishing the trea sury to depend have pour into it seven millions of Dol Lars during the last free years. The state must rely henceforth on her fixed and certain but gradually inc casing Ordinary or Taxa Tion be deemed advisable to discharge All her liabilities and to Complete All her contemplated improvements. To do this but eng Hicen de Leo nov should be consulted in All her expenditures and these habits of lavish and ill judged appropriations engendered by the sudden and unexpected of Public Money i through coins which can Seldom if eve ii g in mini must be promptly Cor i. It is frequently in the Case of private individuals that the sudden acquisition of wealth is fatally injurious to the prudent habit Sand sound morals of the possessor. It is moire emphatically True m the Case of govern creeps in unperceived through a thousand channels and eats out the substance of the people be fore they Are aware of its Stealthy approach. Habits of improvident profusion grow fashionable which Are difficult to eradicate and those who recommend that they should be restrained in the slightest degree Are stigmatised As pair illiberal. At the Hazard even of incurring this would earnestly invoke your undivided Atten Tion to this Branch of our Public policy the enormous and unprecedented Defi Cit in the Treasury now to be supplied is an instructive commentary on its practical if the same policy that has brought us into this Dominion is persisted in it must effectually Para Lyme the energies of this great the Public debt must be an inordinate amount or the prosecution of our valuable system of Public improve ments must be suspended. You have already a balance to raise of More than dollars before you of 00 by Law Many i months elapse before legislative action can be had on the subject and before the negotiation of tie necessary loan when authorised tie work is frequently abandoned by t in contractor or his workmen have sought employment elsewhere and by the time the requisite funds Are of to Alfted operations Are to be commenced anew and thus it May be fairly assumed that our Public improvements have Cost perhaps thirty percent More than they would have done if timely provision to continue their prosecution been Mace. If the contractor knew beforehand what amount of Money he might rely upon As forthcoming wan acne make his arrangements accordingly to his own and the Public advantage. The Wori would Progress with greater facility and of consequence enable contractors to do it cheaper Anc Moie expeditiously than heir Totore. I the Public Faith Avo wild at All times be regarded As sacred and the contractors a class of men who have certainly had some cause to com Plain would be essentially benefited by the adoption of this policy and also the Nuhi Erous labourers and artisans by whose invaluable services our great been constructed would be in a Good degree secured from the suffering and destitution of often inflicted upon them by the fail u res of the contractors on our Public works. In order to remedy this state of things i future i beg leave to recommend to the legislature the enactment of a Law authorising the governor with the Sanction of the commissioners of the internal improvement i and canal commis Stanert or under such Othet checks As May be deemed advisable to borrow such sums of Money As May be found necessary to carry on the Sev eral lines of improvements until the meeting of the next legislature when Ever the appropriations to the same May to beco Ibel requiring of course that the Money so obtained be placed in t in Treasury of the disbursed and accounted for in the manner provided by Law. It would that the sum which night be so obtained should be unified to is reasonable1 amount and thai the rate of interest and of loan should be strictly defined. To seems that the adoption Oft any principles of act Iii relation of the legislature believing that its further prosecution at present is not warranted by either prudence or patriotism. Being decidedly in favor myself of a judicious and comprehensive system of Public improvements reaching All practicable Points and accommodating All actions of the Commonwealth the legislature in at the Earl St possible Day and would rejoice Woodcome instrumental in carrying Sulci system into speedy operation but finding the Treasury in a situation that seems to forbid All Hope of enga gig in that undertaking until our Fis Cal concerns Are restored to a sound a plying the funds of the common aim time to other works blurt the Mam lines and their immedi ats tribe us is it Emnot be Loi by fore the Oit diary Revenue Fiona the tolls of the Cha land All the expenses necessary to i sep them in repair and pay the inter est of the Money expended in their construction. Then will the state for All practical purposes be free from debt anti be fully Able to undertake without fair of embarrassment Extension Anc completion of her Noble improve system until it touches every county within her extensive limits and returns to their citizens the entire sum of their contributions to the system in commencement and progressive and Vance towards their Worf Homes. Cannot close this Brief reference to Ioor system of Public improvements without inviting attention of the legislature to two subjects., which Tib ugh not in mediately connected with the leading object of this communication Are yet so essentially Newessa ry1 to the full it i Tion of the benefits to b e derived from our main lines of Ca nals and rail Road Between the Eastern Anc Western sections of the common wealth As to awaken the Earnest solicitude of every True i allude to the removal of the of Strcic tons to Steamboat navigation on the Allegheny Ohio Jand Mississippi no from Pitts big to the Gulf of mexi co and from Pittsburg up the Allegheny As far As the same May be fount practicable by the Survey authorized under direction of the general govern and to the construction of a continuous rail Road from the City of Pitts Birg through or near the capitals o Indiana and Illinois to some Point on the Mississippi River at or near St. Louis. I the completion of those import tint undertakings a great amount of of cosiness Jot old be at once thrown upon our improvements. The merchandise of various kinds from the f astern states the tolls on out be so Nichte in Billy sus Tain the less profit fail portions of Ooi rendering it necessary to the slightest addition to the state debt or to any of the Burthen imposed on the people. The Trade o growing prosperous cities of Philadel shia and Pittsburg would be immense y a multiplied and the Southern aut Western states themselves now feeling the a fico such mediums of communication w an unparalleled extent would receive impulse of an influx peace upon their Prosperity Anc greatness. A glance at the map of the Union we convince every Man of the importance of these improvements to Pennsylvania As Well to the vast regions of the country of unsurpassed Mineral wealth which i would ind the Cana s and rail roads of their direct highways to in order to Cairy i to effect the views herein expressed i respect fully recommend the propriety of adopt ing tie proper Steps to enlist the Gene ral government in the object of Clear ing out the obstructions to Tion of the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers by steam boats from Pittsburg i hic is a of entry to the guff of co and also from Pittsburg up Tho Allegheny to such Point As May be fixed in the Survey by a of Congress As the termination o steam navigation. The prosecution of such works As these National government directly and properly within the legitimate Power according to the strictest interpretation of the Constitution. And i would also recommend the adoption o measures either by appointing a com Mittee of the or by such other efficient Mode As May be though expedient to secure the joint and uni Ted action of the several states m the project of constructing a continuous. Rail Road communication Between Pitts 1 Burg and St. Louis this May be Etc fact Edify the joint incorporation Oft company or of several companies wite authority for the purpose or by the states through which the roads pass undertaking it themselves upon terms mutually assented to by All. I won d fiord great pleasure to inns Mit to. The Legislatures of these states such resolutions or . As Wil tend to 4 about the Jet Able insult it r a not be to that the bold of o in South i Era acid Neighb Tjimis to to e Trade of the South and Vest i Well calculated to admonish Pennsylva Nia to of on the Alert. When the count advantages to which i have adverted May be firmly and grasped without the slightest expense or inconvenience to the people them not be surrendered by legislative procrastination. The a for action has already arrived. In reference to the Mode of ing funds to Supply the present wants of the Treasury i am of no further information than is already before you in the report of the state i Artw to -4% which i fast t our and in tile message of predecessor. No Jother alternative seems to be presented than taxation c r the two the latter appears the least objectionable because Duc Ive of least Pard she to the less expensive and Cin be carried into effect with great that the cred a and resources of the stat3, Are ample to exit Catt her in the pre sen crisis from embarrassment is a fact which no intelligent citizen can Dot by. It is no spirit of self suffice i by or empty that every citizen of Pennsylvania Loos this commom health As second o none of the sister states in the Indur try frugality and integrity of her i extent the accessibility of the boundless resources which nature has scattered throughout Borders with a prodigal her Iron agr Rieu Tural productions and her stupa Dous system of internal improvement connecting together her remotest extremities unlocking her richest resources and marked in its Conception the comprehensive reach of mind which entitles its projectors and foia iders to Ank with the first statesmen of the age. The Credi. Of Pennsylvan resting do this foundation can be Shi Kea by no convulsion that does cat overturn the government use of and dissolve society into its original e e ments. Pecuniary embarrassments it is True May arise from ill judged Mea extravagant expenditures or policy but they necessity be of time soon detects derange meats a spa Perl
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