Page 1 of 16 Dec 1846 Issue of Tioga Eagle in Wellsboro, Pennsylvania

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Tioga Eagle (Newspaper) - December 16, 1846, Wellsboro, Pennsylvania.0e Thoira. By p. Mac editor an d Propri Eloi Tioga two ind fifty Oil e. A. Cents per of Posu be fifty Cebu Der ducted if the year on i for Cash actually m sane Wim he deducted a until ail Farre Ragi Are Al the of the 1 Seine its not exceeding twelve lines in Iii neb fur one Dollar Ana for very sub Thweni -11 lines Insi y five cents Lor one 01 l talk out i Arteil for sen a Vocca not Ity five cents. Juch ought to who. Throw c such Protection tree insertion s the same or Arlo president s session. . I i dec. 1816. Of Teloir citizen of he Senate and of la Al nose of representatives in r Sinai info labors in the ser vice of taif it 13. Ii subject of government of the United states do repealed reclamations on Bushall its these were an s erred by perpetration of new out a Ges redress made by it Exico in the most solemn forms so Pond or evaded. The files and curd of the do Parlmer of slate con i conclusive pools of numerous acts Perepel rated upon the pro cry and persons of our citizens by Mexico and of Wanton insults to our National Flag. The interposition o our government to obtain redress was again lid again invoked under Circum Slan a which no Nilion ought to dire gird. H was hoped that these outrages would cease and that Mexico would be restrained by the Law which regu Teilhet conduct t of civilised nations Intercourse with each other. Tar the treaty of Commerce and i uglier i Miami i Meol Nia Derloni on Judd one of our of War on the of Mexico t in Mitlee of both houses of con Gress to which ibis Mes Bihua of Llie i Lesii Lenl was Lelerre a fully 8ust.lined us views of the character of Llie wrongs in h Lull in had suffered from Mexico and recommended that Uno Lher demand or redress Slio Julie be made Belore authorizing War or reprisals. The committee foreign rela tons of the Senate i in their report say after such a demand should prompt Uslice be refused by the mexican government be May Appeal to All nations not on i for the equity and moderation with which we shall have acted to wards a but for the necessity which then compel us to seek redress for our wrongs either by actual War or by reprisals the sub led will then be pets Enlil before con Gress at commencement of the next session in a Clear and distinct form and the committed cannot doubt but that such measures will be immediately adopted As necessary to vindicate the blonds of the country and in sure ample reparation to our injured citizens 1 the committee on foreign affairs of the House of Keresen Calives made a similar recommendation. In their report Totev say hat hey fully concur Wuh the i president that amp e cause exists for taking redress into our own he kids and believe that we should be justified in Llie opinion of Oiler nations Tor taking such a step. Dut they Are willing to try the Experiment of Anu ther demand made in the Roost sol emn form upon the Justice of the mexican government before any fur ther proceedings Are adopted no difference of opinion upon the subject ii believed to have existed in Congress at that Lime. The executive and legislative departments con cuned Ami yet such has Heen our for Bearance and to preserve peace with Mexico that the wrongs of which we then complained and which gave Rise to these solemn proceedings not Only remain a redressed to this Day but additional causes of complaint of an aggravated character have Ever since been accumulating shortly Afier these proceedings a special messenger was despatched to make a final demand for re the 20th of july 1837, the Dein ind was made. The reply of the mexican government bears Dale Nwa Uon of the filth of april 1831, 29.1. Of the same to Iii and us Between Ibe two lepus is Lula Hope soon a Rived Lobi v1 to. 1 be Conr of s azure mail con lotion of i i Olti v lilt in i i i 1 i i l iry is Erie can upon our item no should never be u to Dupart. In War ill in u ired no provoked by Llu contains insurances of the anxious with of the mexican govern intent nol to delay the moment of Bat dual and or cil Izi is i equitable adjustment ii ii Lei Ter and the innate hip Dou in i s he Liy Mexico line f in scarcely n a h of Nei did Al Encl Ihnes the i thu n i up Par my uni f i i1 it Agar Aviti out part e a i c in Ute Nan no mid in Jun of Fri Grande i lined Ivor 1 Odiern o von Len Iota re sustained the Wai n prevailed inter i Spil Tes. In the con Rury ail Means were resorted Lolo alter Vears of endurance of and in redressed on in Xiluo in of aug an 1 of very Justice her y to Ine to b men cd Postil Tiea in act the h fort the Advance j irk Bink of the Rio id had of i Niu d this extremity we appealed to Llie whole Civ d for Ine t to he the pres of Justice o our c Iuse. A tiny to present ent occasion a con Lew he injuries we Lead of the causes which us to idol its Progress since us ment. J Luis id Rno dered ibo iary because of the mishap to some extent s to its e War to and unnecessary and As one on on Olvir part upon a weak i enemy. Such erroneous trained by but few origin and True Char is Deen represented ugh ent u idely on 15 thro it i i i i ii my in ii he jul 1 j no in his message 10 i ingress m rrb Saiy he or Eulid to Lien to tin Onsi Derann of that body and decl Rcd that the menu Ali of Tine Inci some of the in Benej have be e i the repeat Iii and unavailing it live i Mexico inc whole world a More effectual could not been d Vised to image the in a Linn Load their cause and. And Comfort it is a source _ lation that t people have thro id the was of the Cut my the War shown the Selv. Anal Rea country s Honor sacrifice. The a moderation by giving to Mexico one my Anil pro tract the Date and adhere to Ihus give them Ait National Pride Anc e great body of oui n no Euch i obstacle government in pros Success fully but have e eminently a vindicate Thui interests Al an y to and Niy and prop ones Lurther forces Rushe the fair country s Cal act with both and More Opportunity to alone Tor past before we take redress into our own hands. To avoid All misconceptions on the part of Mexico As Well Aslo pro decl our own character from re proach his oppor Unity should be Given with the avowed design and full preparation to Lalie imme Dule satisfaction if it should nol be obtained on a repetition of Itie demand for it. To this end 1 recommend that an act be passed authorizing reprisals and the use of the naval Force of the United states by the executive against Mexico to enforce them in the event of a refuse by lie mexican government to Cotna an amicable adjustment of the mat ters in controversy Between us tween the two Riveri n n h i in Hing should ii fun i n uni Ebule to the must Anil in liable Delenn Nalion of Llie subjects Vicli have so eerie ugly engaged the ill ilium of tin to Bailhe Mixi .111 would i As the o ill inside i Lor its con i ii Prim ipes of Palilio in a red Omic Hikins Iii fused in International Ami Ilia religious Nih of Sievi a ii nil j May Dic Laii rest incl Ngach cite Mil be Dune i he issuance was hinder Given Hal the Deci Sion if Ibi Ujj Overmi it upon Ali Anse of complaint for Winch re Hail been should be Cuini Micalef to the government of be. A nitty s la Tea by the mexican min Aler at Washington. To Eso solemn assurances in an an Swei to our demand for redress were disregarded. By making them How Maximo obtained further president Van Buren in Hia annual message to Congress of the 5lh de Cember 1837, states that although the larger of our demands for redress and Many of Lliam aggravated cases of personal wrongs Haye been for years before the mexican eminent and some of the causes of National complaint and those of the most Offe Isire character admitted of imme Dia a simple and Talis factory replies it i Only within a few Days past that any specific communication in answer to our ast demand made five months Hgo has been received from thu Alex ical and that for not one of Public complaints has satisfaction been Given or offered that hut one of the cases of personal wrong has been favourably considered and that but four cases of both descriptions out of All those formally presented and earnestly have As yet been decided upon by the mexican presi Dent Van Buren believing that it would be vain to make any farther at tempt to obtain redress by the Ordinary Means within the Power of the executive communicated ibis opinion to Congress in the message referred in which be said on a careful deliberate examination of the Cim Lents of the correspondence with the men can gov spirit manifested Erh Inen to return to Congress to whom it 1 it has become Roll painful duty the subject As j in the Lime the s or redress he United slates cide up measure had adoptee Ken re Ress into their of no Leory Meas bullies with Mexico would pro Bably have been Long is sudd s to Dee and the at that time res. And Tali hands All and t de. Our Cate Amic Einbach Simil of the woul by ii de. Serva Rhrou own due rend the mod Brief upon the p Asha unit Hori a Sis can cont feel thetis indu or. In own tired part pose final we d due. Than conv Zens upon rep Liias to Clain non Tern Tern nip High prel and ican unti that of i me Man magnanimity and i he National Honor ensling War Hajj Baen Vert lera Liun on to Corneli d Render an m the More t Only had the e Ese difficulties a be Betti Wernent of to lp9ing. Such a Neasure of under provocations com tilted by any powerful nation Lave been prompt United stated cat not redoubt of Europe y resorted o and the pre on of the natio in character haul the world in Welt As our Elf respect and the Protection our own citizens would have de such a resort indispensable Story of no civilized nation in i limes has presented within so period so Many Clanton attacks he Bollor of us lag and upon party and persons of its citizens at that time been borne by the Stales from mexican a it Mexico was North amm g a territory and was m a is and people. Republic Only a Linen occupy i Nous to our own and distracted c considerations it is presumed these numerous and the Leav d Congress to Foi dear still Long Ead of taking redress into our ands a now negotiation was in Pou with fan promises on lha Mexico but with the real s the event has proved of inde postponing1 Raan ded and which was so justly this negotiation after More a year s delay resulted id th6 lion of the he Hoof april. 1839, e adjust rent of claims of join 1 the United states of am Erica the government of the mexican a the joint j Board of com ners created by this convention mine and recipe upon these was not organized until the of August 1840. And under the of the convention they were to ate their dullest within eighteen s from that Lime. Four Jol the in months Ware i a suited in Inary discussions on frivolous a Lory Points raised by the flex of missioners and it was not he month of december 1840, Ley i claims of 01 of. Fourteen d to examine Hie examination r citizens upon months Only re and decide upon Omli Calvd cases. The month of february 1842, Enn Coli Mission expired 3 indisposed for Aims which were and by the us no Many want of tune. The allowed by the Board authorized by Tjie convention to Cleaole in of disagreement Between the mexican and american commis mincers amounted to two million Twenty us thousand Lone Hundred and thirty nine dollars and Stith eight ctn is there Wera pending before the Umpire when Thi commission expired additional Clai Iris which had been examined and awarded by the Ameri can commissioners bind had not been allowed by the me ers amounting to Twenty eight thou and Twenty seven d eight cents upon v Nch he did not decide Tell egg t ceased with the t joint commission. Claims there were can Amoun three Bun red and t eight buried and Jan Cor Amisson me Hundred and id six Hundred Lars and eighty melted to the Boa a i not tree to dec nd-1 adjournment. The Eibi of in. Sis thousand one h his authority Matien of the besides these tiers of Yanieri my to three million Ray six thousand to dirty even Dol and arc cents which had been sub Al and which they Ide before their i i rail ions Twenty undred and thirty nine dollars and sixty eight cents we ici1 rial been awarded to the claim ants Wonia liquidated and ascertained debt due by Mejico about which there Corid be no dispute and which she was found to nay according to the terms of the convention. Soon after the final awards fir this amount had been the mexican government asked a a Postor Lemeni of the Lime of making payme i i alleging that it would of Mcconv Niento make payment Jit the time stipulated. In the a Pintof fore tango to wards a sister Republic which mesh co has is Long a used the United Stales i imply complied with bar quest. Second Cav Anicin was a d bet ten Tea Tiro Gavern Enison of january Wei Cut upon its fact declares that new arrangement was entered into for of mex the Terma of this convention Alt the interest due in the awards which hid been Trade in favor of the claim ants tinder the convention of the eleventh of april 1830, Wos paid to them the thirtieth of april 1843, and the principle of awards Aad Ibe interest accruing thereon was at Pula us to be paid in five years in equal instalments every three months not withstanding this new conv minion was entered into at the request of Mexico and Lor the Pui Poss of relieving her from embarrassment the claimants have Only received the interest due on the thirtieth of april three of the Twenty instalments although the payment of the Sura thus Liquida Ted and confessedly due by Mexico to our citizens As indemnity for the acknowledged Aclao outrage and wrong was secured by treaty the obligations of which Are Ever held sacred by All just nations yet Mexico has violated this solemn engagement by failing and refusing to make the payment. The two instalments due in april and Luly 1844, in Jer lha Puc liar circumstances connected with them have been assumed by the United slates and discharged to the claimants but they Are still due by Mexico. But this is not All of which we Hare just cause of complaint. To provide a Rem Edy Lor the claimants Whoie aaes were not decided by joint commission under the convention of april the eleven a 1839, it was expressly stipulated by the sixth article of the convention of Ibe thirtieth january 1843, Ibal a new convention shall be entered into for the settlement of All claims of the government and the of the United states against the Republic of Mexico which were not finally Deci ded by the late commission which met in the City of Washington and of All the claims of the government add the citizens of Mexico a Amsl the United Stales. In conformity Wilh this Chi Pulatian a third convention was concluded and signed Al the City of Mexico on Ibe 20lh of november by Ibe plenipotentiaries of the two govern ments by which provision was made for ascertaining ail paying these claims. In january 1s44, this convention was Ratiee by the Senate of the United sidles with two Amcnda is which were manifestly reasonable in their character. Upon a reference of the amendment proposed to the government of Mexico the same evasions difficulties and delays interposed which have so Long marked the policy of that government towards the United slates. It has not even ret decided whether it would or would not accede to them1, although the subject has been repeatedly pressed upon its consideration. Mexico Bis thus violated second time the Faith of treaties by failing or refusing to carry into effect the 6th article of the convention of january 1643. I such Are the wrongs which we have suffered and patiently endured from Mexico through a Long series of years. So far from affording reasonable Satis faction for the injure and insults we have borne a great aggravation of them consists in Ibe fact that while the United Stales anxious to pre serve a Good understanding with. Mexico have been constantly but vainly employed in seeking redress for past wrongs new outrages were con stantly occurring which have continued to increase our causes of com plaint and to swell the amount of our demands. While the citizens of the United slates were conducting a lawful com Merce Wii Mexico under Ibe guaranty of a Irsay of Amity Commerce and Many of them have suffered All the injuries which would have resulted from open War. This treaty instead of affording Protection to on citizens has been the Means of inviting them into lha ports of Mexico that they might be As they have been in numerous instances plundered of their property and deprived of their personal Liberty if they dared insist on their rights. Had the unlawful Seiz of american property and the violation of personal Liberty of our Citi Zens to say nothing of the insults to Par bag which have occurred in Ibe ports of Mexico taken place on High seas they would themselves Long since have constituted a slate of actual War Between the two countries. 0 to Long suffering Mexico to violate her Mosi solemn treaty obligations plunder our citizens of their properly and imprison their persons without afford ing Tysra any redraw we have failed to perform of of the first and highest int ii which every government before the breaking. To take redress into our until Mexico came i Faa. Aggressor by sort id Bostil. Array and a blood ,.53 such Are the Catinas of Sooj. Plaint on the part of the United states r against Mexico causes which sex mud Long Tje fore annexation of the american Union and Ted the love of peace and i mouse Mojer Tiou we did not. J those such Are the resort of injured nations. Tai Monr Calion of Texas to the. State constituted no just Maude of of Fence to Mexico. The pretext it did so ii wholly inconsistent and Ine Cenc Leable with Well authenticated fact connected with Ike revolution per which Texas became of Mexico. This my be More Manifasi it May a proper to advert to he causes end to lha history of the principal events of that revolt on. T Baa a portion of ancient province of Louisiana ced Aii to the United slates by France in Llie yeat in the year 1819, the u. Stales by the Florida treaty ceded to spam All that part of Louisiana within the present limits Texas and Mexico by the Revo Lution which separated her from Spain and rendered her an Independent nation succeeded to the rights of the Mother country Over shia territory. In the year 1824, Mexico established a Federal const Hulion under i which the mexican Republic was Compo Sej of a number of so v in Ign mates confederated together id a be i Rai Union similar to our own each of Laete hid its own executive legislature and judiciary and for All except Federal Purpo ses was As Independent of . Ern ment and that of the other Stales As is Pennsylvania or Virginia under our Constitution. Texas an Coahuila United and formed one of these mexican Stales the slate Constitution which they adopted and which was approved by the mexican confederacy res Sertell that they were free and Independent of the other mexican United mates and of every other Power and do minion and proclaimed the great principle of human Liberty that the sovereignty of the state resides originally and in the general of individuals who compose to the government under his Rosli Luzion As to fool As to that under the Federal constr Yuop the people of Texas owed allegiance. Emigrants from foreign Dinar the United Stales were in riled by the Oblom upon Laws of the state and of the in Leral government lose thu in Texas. Cinna were offered to induce them to leave their Oun country Sod be come mexican citizens. This invitation was accepted by Many of our citizens in the full Faith that in their new horns they would governed by Laws enacted by representatives elected by themselves and Laii their Lues Liberty and property would he protected by constitutional ii mylar to those which existed in the re Public they had left under a government thus organized they continued until the Yeal 1335, when a military is volition broke out in the City of Mexico which entirely subverted the and stale constitutions and placed a military dictator at the head of the government. By a sweeping decree of a Congress subservient to the will of the dictator the Sari eral slate constitutions were and the Stales themselves converted into Mere departments of the Central govern ment. The people of Texas were unwilling to submit to this usurpation. Resist Ancelo such tyranny became a High duty. Was absolved from All Ance to the Central government of Mexico Frojm the moment that government had Arph she her slate Constitution and m its place substituted an arbitrary and d leg polio Cen ral Lovci quient. Sulci were the principal causes of Tje xau the people of Texas at once determined upon resistance and flew to army. In the midst of these important and exciting eve tits however they not omit to place Ihei liberties Upora secure and permanent foundation. They ejected members to a convention who i the month of March issued formal declaration that their political connection he mexican nation has forever ended and trial people of Texas do now sons Lille a Phebe sock sign and Toca Robati Republic Are fully a voted Irith All the rights and attributes which properly belong to Independent they adopted for their government Liberal Republican same time Santa then tries dictator of Mexico invaded with a numerous array for the purpose of subduing her peo uple and enforcing obedience to Bis i tray and despotic government. Of the 21st of april 1 836, he wan met bar 4hw Texas Cruz so soldiers and on that Dif was achieved by them the tory of san Janolo by which they squared their Independence. Considering1 the numbers engaged on the aides does not record a More int Aulii element. Sanu Aorta among the captives. Continued on fourth Page

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