Page 1 of 11 Dec 1851 Issue of Tioga Eagle in Wellsboro, Pennsylvania

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Tioga Eagle (Newspaper) - December 11, 1851, Wellsboro, PennsylvaniaLamlin newspaper Curt in to Tritt vhf in la lev vol. L whole no. 695. Not to into effect president s message. Is p inf _. I j. Cede for the liberation or Pardon i congratulate you and our common constituency upon the favourable auspices under which of meet for your first session. Our country a Laws must be Al peace with All the world. The agitation i Tain our a Especial which for a time threatened to disturb the Fra Earlh it behoves. Which make us one people is sternly Scure eternal among the subsiding and a year of general Prosperity and to follow As May be Neil or nil has crowned inn nation with imn annl j. The this government has and health Lias crowned the nation with unusual blessings. None can look Back to the dangers Winch arc passed or Forward to the Bright Prospect before us without feeling a thrill of Erato at he same time that he must Jim pressed the a sense of our profound pro Cuneo those acts with consign punishment. But what gives a Peculiar criminality to this evasion of Cuba is that under the Lead of Span ish subjects and with the Aid of citizens of the i i r Bias i heretofore solemnly announced it still adheres will maintain at All hazards. That in every regularly documented i Mene merchant vessel the Crew who navigated it and had Ita Riga Shanyi motives of cupidity. Money was Puy in Hiot p of it will find their be allowed to be visited or searched the character of then imprisoned within the dominions of to of Sublime to remove to this country on tha 3d of March last both Congress passed a Resolution requesting Rife president to authorize the employment of n Public vessel to convey to this country Veouis Kossuth and us associates in Captivity. Corn the instruction above referred to was Wum lied with Anil the turkish government hav ing released governor Kossuth and Hiso Eom Anions from prison on Tho 10th of septem Ber last they embarked on Board of the uni Ted slates steam frigate Mississippi which was selected to carry into effect the Resolution of Congress. Governor Kossuth i Public lands i Mcd males who were More Orless concerned Cuba of whatever m the previous of Cuba Strad of be of the people and Ottha t no discouraged by i. Failure have abused from whatever to be derived w to hospitality of this country by making it be Edas Well As the Good Nilli of the n scene of of in other military cup cd expected to be established the up against the possessions of her Catholic main which they were countenanced Ai and joined by citizens of Tho United slate on re Civins intelligence that such entertained. I lost no Lime m issuing such like these Cut Bible thin the instructions to the proper officers of the United no rant and Iho Nice a loan Tlle s slates As Romed to be called for by he Occa go Forth As the Solens ble parties m the proceeds in. By Thea copy of which ing. These originators of Llie submitted 1 also warned those who Stem to have of Cuba night be in danger Obi mar in veiled this by its unlawful character and of the penalties which they would incur. For some i me there was reason to Hope that these Mea this Hope however proved to be Ery Early in the morning of the third of a the last communication from the i charge d affairs to the department of state that he is authorized to assure the Secre g i tary of state that every care will be taken that i m executing the preventive measures against to Kockro r .1 i Torii it uru Turco str nine the which the United x been Recei Durance lived ache department of state of As .1 a i Miu it vhf with renin oct i i that in the i nto system upon an undertaking a Lull Nyrl in d in Itrat r a in to in any offences in future. No individuals have a right to Hazard of such a Tryor the in the upon from Iyow Yri eans Tor Cuba having on Board vague notions of altering or Reform govern Hundred armed men with ments a other states. This no Tine principle is not a i lie i 1 1mb sent me Lions to make War upon the author Only reasonable in itself and in i lies of that Island. This expedition u As set on Public Law but a engrafted i loot in palpable violation of the Laws of the uni j other nations As Well As our n be rat r Reler and Bis several of us chief and some others in May be added that every Independent nation aged m it were foreigners. The persons com must be presumed to be Able to defend its Dos Pong it however were mostly citizens of the sessions against unauthorized individual. L United states. The expedition it Oul and probably of the a tact i is it who Niue Anict us i s an i Ogher to attack them. The government unfortunately to much Cragg ersted to tons of the country that these adventurer Iscem to have if Washington several Law were paed by i Ove that the Creole population this purpose. The main these 7" by expedition or Enterprise to be car armament under its Protection. Ministers and consuls of foreign nations Are tie Means and agents of communication be us and those nations and it is of the utmost importance that while residing in the country they should feel a perfect Security so Long As they faithfully discharge their respective duties and Are guilty of no violation of our Laws. Tills is the admitted Laws of nations and no country has a deeper interest in maintaining it than Ine United states. Our Commerce spreads Over every sea and visits Ever clime and our minis ters and consuls Are appointed to protect the interests of that Commerce As Well As to guard the peace of the country and maintain the Honor of its Flag. But How can they discharge these duties unless they be themselves protected and if protected it must be by the Laws of the coun try in which they reside. And what in functionaries residing in for exactly the measure of to tie functionaries of other government left the the Mississippi at Gibralter for the purpose of making a visit to England and May to expected in by com ions to the department of state he his grateful inner position of Elliis government in f himself and his associates. This has been justly regarded As a Safe or those whom political events have ii bet shortly Munican has for the behalf country exiled film their own Homes in Europe it is recommended to Congress to consider in what manner governor Kossuth and his companions brought hither by ils authority shall be received and treated. It is can Willy to be hoped that the diff which have or some Lime been Pend he government of Iho French and thai of the Sandwich islands May be peaceably and durably adjusted so to secure the Independence of those islands. Long before the events which have of late imputed so much importance to the posses Sions of the United states on the Pacific we acknowledged the Independence of the hawaiian government. This government was isl m taking that step and several of the Cading Powers of Europe immediately Fol owed. We were influenced in ibis measure by the existing and prospective importance f the islands As a place of Refuge and re for our vessels engaged in the whale fishery and by is consideration that they in m the course of the great Trade which no Distant Day is carried on Between Conni nent advantages to Mexico herself. Impressed with these sentiments and ilk be convictions he government will continue to exert All proper efforts to bring about unnecessary arrangement with the Republic of Mexico for Tho speedy completion of the work. For some months past the Republic o Fanica Augua has been he theatre of one of those civil convulsions from which the Causo of free institutions and Tho general Prosperity and social Progress of the states of Central America have so often and so severely suffered. Until quiet shall have been restored and a government apparently stable shall have been organized no Advance can a Rucic Nutly be made m disposing of the Vivo questions Ped no botwen the two countries. I am Happy to announce that an i a Leroy Unnic communication from the Mouth of the t. John to the Pacific Lishco As that passing As been so far a com to have actually tra comm indication will be the Western coast Asia. Of Norelli America we were also influenced by a desire that i Urier governments i i residing Here. As in War the bearers of fogs islands should not pass under the of truce Are sacred or else Viars would be in i tro1 of any Oiler Groat maritime state but Jermille so in peace ambassadors Public minis should remain in an Independent condition in longing to ins rank and Stati ii important principles it is Wilh person so attend my i to j 11 e tenement growing out of the executions at Havana the office of her Catholic majesty i j Consul at Wei Orleans was assailed by a mob destroyed the Spanish Flig Lound i imprisoned not More than three they have taken the Lead them the importance of i desc considerations has Boon greatly enhanced by the sudden and erased it and merchandise has been trans ported Over in and when Havo been completed according to the ordinal plan the Means of r further improved. It is under stored Tinl a considerable part of Railroad across the isthmus of Panama Lias been completed and that the mail and passengers will in future be Cove cd thereon. _ Inch Ever of the several roti Tes Between ultimately prove Mosio and from the different states on the a Jamic and Gulf of Mexico and our Pacific there is Little reason to doubt Fiat All of them will be use Ful to the and will liberally Reward individual Enterprise by which alone they have been or Are expected to be carried into effect. Peace has been concluded Between the contending parties in the Island of St. Do Mingo and it is hoped upon a durable basis. Buch is the extent four commercial Rolaf Imis with thai Island that the United slates cannot fail to feel a Strong interest in its. Rhe office of commissioner to China re Mains unfilled several persons have been appointed and the place has been offered to others All of whom have declined its acceptance on the ground of the Inadequacy of the compensation. Tie annual allowance by Law is six thousand dollars and there is no provision for any outfit. I earnestly recommend the consideration of this sublet to Congress. Our Commerce with China is highly important becoming More and More so in consequence of the increasing in the Treasury on the 30lh i 00, meet that portion of the Public debt due on the first july Olio Wing amounting to 35 As Well As any appropriations which Mav be made beyond the estimates. In thus referring to the estimated expenditures on account of our newly acquired territories i May express the Hope that Congress will concur with me in the desire that a Libe ral course of policy May be pursued towards them and that every obligation express or implied entered into in consequence of their acquisition shall be fulfilled by the most Libe ral appropriations for that1 purpose. The value of our Domestic exports for the. The r j car us compared w1 h those of an increase of at first View this condition of our Trade with foreign nations would seem to per Send the most flattering Hopes of its future Prosperity. An examination of the details of our exports however will show that the in creased value of our exports for the last fiscal year is to be found in the High Price of Cotton prevailed during the first half of that year win of Price has since declined about one half. The value of our exports of and Pio Sions which it was supposed the irm Nfn a n i " e 6y a troops selves and have been followed by others. This and the extent of the pecuniary loss sustained i Uruu Luis Wuu of oui Era j nil p i .1 Iwa out Amu bloody con list ensued alter Iboy admitted by one of the most Emmen of to i he with talc of laying them to the Placo of where i. ._._. I i i _ i White a minister of the Crown that if he a visa for a guide in a system of neutrality he hike hut Laid Down by America in the of use Hogton and the Secretary ship of Ilious of obtained boats and room Hir Kcal Ali from. They Houver inter up cd among the keys near the allure by a in Steamer cruising on the captured of after having born i of Toub re 77 to arc i 131s the i of publicly exec cd and the sentence carried into effect on the 10th of August. I in receiving information of Whai occur r d. Commodore a Parker instructed to proceed in Tho Siam frigate Saranac to Havana and i Juire into Tho charges a Ramst such indemnity to him at a just regard for the 1 iut Luc i Honorof the nation and the respect which is due Lra to a Friendly Power might in your judgment 1 a United slates have attained in California and Oregon and the policy heretofore adopted i m regard to those islands a Djujie steadily Pur 1 sued. It is Gratifying not Only to those who con Der he commercial interests of nations but also to All who favor the Progress of know Lodge and the Dif Luston of religion to see a Community emerge from a Savage stale and attain such a degree of civilization m those Distant seas. It is much to is deplored that the internal tre j Lulu we me such Crumit As year by an act of the parliament of England subs the same in its general provisions. In is herewith transmuted. _ of the mexican Republic should be seriously disturbed for since tie correspondence upon i peace Between that Republic and the United l sales la had enjoyed sch comparative re Iniste Jesty s minister plenipotentiary at new Orleans has led me j in 11.3 provisions to m. Up to that Lime there had been no similar Law the state four Laws in m England except certain highly penal statutes i consuls i to s and passed in the reign of George ii prohibiting the legislation of the country _ erg lib subject a from foreign ser in not providing sufficiently either Peren the circumstances under j vice the avowed object of which statutes was or or the punishment of consuls. I and Wlms Wover refer that foreign armies raised for the purpose of i her fore recommend the subject to the con 1 to and copies of restoring Tho House of to the throne i of Congress. J auctions Iron the department of state to should not be strengthened by Lour attention Staa am invited to the Mim tinn a pose that the most anticipation for i a and of his letters to that department Are England herself. 9 i strengthened by recruits from Gam invited to the question of reciprocal Trade Between the United states i a must see that difficulties May arise in car i and Canada and British possessions near ording to Tho record of the examination Ramg the Laws referred to into execution in a Oto Tures for a convention Uon Frontier. For a convention upon have been received from her Brilan s minister but it Are Laid before i or or government i a Eore you a Phish subjects. After the lapse of against the Possession of foreign Stales showing the terms Winch the British Covern be v being overcome by the troops. Relations with Alc but entangling Lent is i 1 r o i i ui.i01uii 10 Diiullo prop afrate n of he our opinions or impose upon other countries rur fur of government by artifice or fore pri3on bul to show by our i a Iii si1uvv u trs. It these none appear to Havo tried Cess moderation and Justice the t Orcie tiled several of them were pardoned self government and the advantages i Pon application of their friends and others and i tit unions. Let every people choose the rest about one Hundred and sixty in number. I and make and no apr its o offer and Tho measures which _ adopt if some arrangement upon this i subject shall not be made. From the accompanying ropy of a note from ule at Washington and the re by our sue j p y of the department of state thereto it will Blessing of appear that her Britannic majesty s government g of stages of frae in sent to spam. Of the film disposition Mijc of these we have Nool Lucial of ordination. Such 13 Iho melancholy result of Thia illegal and ill fated expedition. Ali us thought lots in suit its own condition and convenience. But while we avow and maintain this Neutral policy ourselves we arc anxious to see the same for Bearance on the part of other nations whose Una a men have been induced by and form to violate Tho Law of country through rash and unfounded sex of existing to accomplish political re in other slates and have lost their in undertaking. Too severe a judg ment can hardly be passed by the indignant of the Community upon who being Miter informed have yet led away be ardor of youth and an ill directed love of political Liberty. The correspondence Between government and that of Spain relating to transaction is herewith communicated. Although of finders the Laws forfeited Tho Protection of their country yet government May to for As is consistent is obligations to Othor countries and its purpose to atm Lin and enforce the Laws my Patby for their Fame. No Nib. Well Ai a feelings of Fol a been spared none will be procure the Rel cow of such citizens of the. In this unlawful enter t in confinement in Spain but it is pc hoped that such interposition with the gov the deep interest which we feel in Iho spread of Liberal principles and the establishment of of citizens of Ftp which in s government is desirous that a part of the Boundary line tween Oregon and the British possessions she be authoritatively marked out and that Art intention was expressed to apply to Congress appropriation to defray the expense thapar of the United states. Your attention 10 ubut it is accordingly invited and a proper appropriation a convention for the adjustment of claims we witness every struggle against oppression forbid thai be indifferent to a Case in which the Strong Arm of a foreign Power is invoked to Flifle Public sentiment and repress the spirit of Freedom in any country. The governments of great Britain and prance have issued orders to their naval commanders on the West India station to prevent by Force if necessary Tho Landing of adventurers from any nation on the Island of Cuba with hostile intent. The copy of a memorandum of the con-1 a creation on this subject Between the charge d affaires of her Brittanie majesty and the ing Secretary of stale and of a subsequent note of the former to the department of slate Are herewith submitted together with a copy of the note of Tho acting Secretary of state to the minister of the French Republic and of the re ply of the latter on the same subject. These i wars will acquaint you with the grounds of this interposition of the two leading commercial Powers of Europe and with the apprehensions has been concluded and the ratifications have been exchanged. The first instalment of the to be paid by Portugal fell die on the 30th of september last and has been paid. I the president of the French Republic according to provisions of tha convention has been selected As arbiter m the Case of Lien. Armstrong and has signified that he accepts the Trust and the satisfaction he feels in acting As the common Friend of two nations with which France is United by senti meals of sincere and lasting Amity. The turkish government has expressed its thanks fur the kind reception Given to the Multan s agent Amin Bey on the occasion of his recent visit to the United states. On the 28th of february last a despatch was addressed by the Secretary of slate to or Marsh the american mind Ter at cons anti the future might with a degree of Confidence i of which there War have been indulged. These however been thwarted by the recent outbreak in la state of on Tho right Bank c the Rio Bravo. Having received info Malio that persons from the United states had take part in the insurrection and apprehending that their example might be followed b others i caused orders to be issued for to purpose of preventing any hostile expedition against Mexico from being set on foot in Vio lation of the Laws of the United states likewise issued n proclamation upon the sub of coast and Eastern Asia. China is understood to be a country in which living is very expensive and i know of no reason Why the Amei ican commissioner sent thither should not be placed in regard to compensation on an equal footing with ministers Nha represent this country at the courts of Europe by reference to the report of the Secretary of Treasury it will be seen that the aggregate receipts for the last fiscal year amounted to 87 which will the balance in the Treasury on the 1st july. 1850, gave As the available Means for tha i or the sum of 3g. The total expenditures for the same period were 68. Total imports for the year ending 30th june of a Low Tariff and Large importations from abroad would have greatly Aue merited has fallen from 921 in 1847, 1850, and to Iii 1851, Wilh a Strong probability amounting almost to a cer Dainty of a still further reduction in the current year. Rpm ----------1 j i he aggregate values of rite exported during last fiscal year Asl compared with the previous year also exhibit a decrease amounting to which with a de Cline in the values of the exports of tobacco Lor the same period make an aggregate de crease in those it to articles of the policy which dictated duties on foreign merchandise by those who promoted and a Low rate of in was thought established it would lend to Benefit the far Miric popu Lali. Of t entry by increasing the demand and la ism the Price of no Ricu Illura products in foreign markets. The foregoing facts however seer to show incontestably that no Stich result has followed the adoption of this policy. Fiji the contrary notwithstanding the i repeal of the restrictive Corn Laws of England the foreign demand for the products of he american Farmer has steadily declined since the Short crops and consequent famine ii a portion of Kurppe have been happily real laced by full crops and comparative abundance of food purring to the com the you. This appeared to be rendered impera live by Tho obligations of treaties and the general duties of Good neighbourhood. In my last message 1 in formed Cong res that citizens of the United Stales had under Lakin Iho connexion of the two oceans Means of a Railroad across the isthmus o Tehuantepec under a Grant of the mexican government to a citizen of that Republic unc that this Enterprise would probably be prosecuted with Energy whenever Mexico should consent to such stipulations with the govern Munt of the United should in part feeling of Security to those who should invest their property in the Enterprise. A convention Between the two governments for the accomplishment of that Frfd has been ratified by this government and Only awaits the decision of the Congress and the executive of that Republic. Some unexpected difficulties and delays have Arisen in the Ratific aliens of thai convention by Mexico but it is to be presumed her decision will be governed by just and enlightened As Well of the general importance of Theio Jeci As of her own Inte rests and obligations. In negotiating upon the important subject ins government has had in View one and Only one object. That object has been and the construction or attain men of a passage rom Ocean to Ocean the Shorie St and Best for Ravelero and merchandise and equally open o All the world. It has sought to obtain no territorial acquisition nor any advantage be Culiar to itself audit would see with the grip test regret that Mexico should oppose any obstacle to the accomplishment of an in Ere in specie 4 9g7 90 Llie exports for the same period of Winch there were of Domestic products foreign goods re exported specie since the 1st of december Hist the pay ments in Cash on account of the Public debt exclusive of interest have amounted to 46 which however includes the sum of paid under the 12lh Arti Cle of the treaty with Mexico and the furl her sum of 45, being the amount of awards to american citizens under Tho late treaty with Mexico for which the Issue of a that tha Las been in Cotton by for the past value of our Domestic exports a creased in the single item of a. Us Over the value of that Export for he year preceding. This is not due to any increased general demand for that Arti Cle but to the Short crop of of should the Cotton crop now Cotig Forward to Market the Only equal in Quantity to that of the year preceding und be sold prices then there would be a at fhe pc. Falling off the value of our exports for to present 31 no fiscal year at least with the amount exported for the y 30ih june 1851. The compared a rending production of Gold in California for the past year seems to Promise a Larae Sunwu of that Metal from that Quarter for some tone to come. This Large annual increase currency of the world must be attended Wilh its usual result. These have been a Arcady partially disclosed in the enhancement Ces and a rising spirit of speculation i venture tending to Over trading As borne of Pri and and Ell at As abroad. Unless some St Lutary Check shall be Given to it is to be feared that importations of of goods beyond a healthy demand in this try will Lead to a sudden Drain of the metals before us bringing with it As it has done m former times the most disastrous consequences to the business and Capi he american people. The exports of specie to of Quidato reign coun pious Al of our Stock was authorized bul which was paid in Cash from the Treasury. The Public debt on the 20th exclusive of fhe Stock authorized to be issued to Lexas by the act of 9th september 1830 was 26. The receipts for the next fiscal year Are estimated at which with the probable unappropriated balance in the Trca Spry on the 30th june next will give As the j for me re Maium for that of Liis have i amount of i the exports of specie dining the the present fiscal should specie continue to up exported As this Rale for the Rema Ninfi first i Bacn sum of 09. It has been deemed proper in View of la Large expenditures consequent upon the acquisition of territory from Mexico that the estimates for the next fiscal year should be Aid before Congress in such manner As to dist Quish the expenditures so required from he Oil unwise Ordinary demands upon the Treasury. R the total expenditures for the next fiscal year Are estimated at 19, of which Here is required for tha Ordinary Pur uses of the government other ban those consequent upon the acquisition of our new Ern tories and deducting the payments on account of the Public debt the sum of 08 and for the purposes connected directly or indirectly with those territories and in the fulfilment of the obligations of the government contracted in consequence of. Heir acquisition the sum of h. If views of the Secretary of the trea Ury in reference to the expenditures required or these territories shall be met by Corres ending Naclion on the part of Congress and made in accordance therewith i our Metalic currency during the year june 1851, the enormous amount of in the present prosperous condition of the National finances it will become the duly of Congress to consider the Best Mode of Patino off Iha Public debt. If the present and hmm Cip ated surplus in the Treasury should lol absorbed by appropriations of an extraordinary character this surplus should be employed in such Way and under such rest Lions As Congress May enact in my the outstanding debt of the nation. By reference to act of Congress api proved 9th september 1850, it will be Neej in consideration of certain concessions by the state of Texas it is provided the Stales to la. Stateff Texas the sum of millions of dollars in a Stock bearing five per cent interest ind redeemable at the end of fourteen years the interest payable half yearly at the of the United in the same Clion of the Law it is further that no More Fiare of continued on fourth Page

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