Page 1 of 27 Apr 1854 Issue of Tioga Eagle in Wellsboro, Pennsylvania

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Tioga Eagle (Newspaper) - April 27, 1854, Wellsboro, PennsylvaniaErf oui. There b dam Oun Patera of Box or. Sell. Invaluable ii cordial Nee by Tow Roost. Tiu ii ,.t by u is recommended n to Bool to or k m any cause mice Aat Fatena re the patient been confined to feed Lor for a fact Uoo or to of Ordill Canon be exo Ellesio . H. Or i of miss in a tet irri.-. .7 ral is Mic Medicine ill s is Ofle liable in the Many Cion Uniti to ladies Are Euli ecu a exists to once by stent a Jii Csc Ami create Reni tred 1 happiness. Less. And is Giuong would exist were Tiev Cen and m the be of cordial. Who died Ema Leparc re the us of a or two my to in itary practice to fatal to the Crist and i. He Yonnet who to i irom in Ift Noralee of to danger in y mutes a Silvous is o the system and Dany o you May now be offering Djab Ltd a in or of disease occasioning the of renouncing the folks res of a both mental and to Diter Camci Tif hold cordial purely Wilt res we la Ioffe important to a Oral Thor slate and Arvira rare Voiht Tiff n to Btl not place this cordial on a looting with cism Arr is Coli Torajiro append Long tie fusion in what the like nerds atrial to Prore Tutt a to mine Henry s invigorating in ounce a poet b i by to Madoc but user s gift along on Tho a bottle to is i Briery. D of. Per bottle Kifor pc d Only by 3 e. no j Trinklin in Greer below All orders must in and ire Wear by All respectable druggists and merchants the country. W. Sons reel Philadelphia sole agents a Winter Jones Roer cd i received a of i Livau of clothing Tot in and a y of Reav Twenty to rent lower Hao can fou Orf any other Tel in thin county. I be maj Tia Anuj a Large assortment of Browin Iiorio far Over irom a. Irett frock tall of Erener color to Sneep and a tsp pants Silt and also great Otter Rylei get he Foft every blog icing store can Connety me a go Foutt aus 3imusement. Commands the greatest cd Xii 36. Wells orc thursday april 27, 1854. B sheriff s sales y virtue p winery writ Fieri facial ten Jit Jooi expo a and Levan facial issued out a oort of common pleas of Rioga county and to trial list for May term 1854. Ito court will be exposed 10 Piwcio Eale Idjo of . R my 1854, one o clock p. Mlo wit lot of land a Middleborn township boo dec Jib a r Keeney an Roberl Santl East by Edse Mitchell by Bingham and West by dual j my Thomo Holiday Cootain nag about 100 acres. Will to improved. One log House on Block Nam barn and an Apple Robart thereon excepting nod receiving Ber from about 11- pm i Blacl Umito shop Ibreon to be old As Lex orow Lyof Gay Wylte a lot of land in blast township bounded on Ibe North by Mill Street Flat lha Rioga Kiver to Oft by Laad of Erasmus Oriu no and West by the Willo Omu Road containing about two and a Hal acres improved More or less a Glass factory railing room culling Bouse pot House Lime Bouse. Shop. And shed therein. To be sold a Iho prop a Riyal Henry a. Webb Joseph Fellows co. A lot in Richmond township bounded North by g. R Wilson East Tif Hylox our rent w oiled South by in l Warwood. And by i to Tioga Railroad containing about 25 acres with Skoul 20 acres improved a Trume House iroc barn did Apple Orchard i Weon. To be sold As the properly Al r. C. Shaw. A lot of land in Lawrence township bounded North by Demnon pc Evans East by a Damon Ford South by e. Harris avoid West by Nelsoni pm card containing about 10 Acrea Oil with iwo Frame houses Frame Bora and saw Mill Ibreon. Also one other lot in said township bounded North by j. Ford East by j Tremain sooth by Vao Gorder 4s Patterson and West by Patter Kun is Harris containing 100 acres. Also a lot bounded North by s. J Powers by Patterson South Daniel Walker and West by a. S Ign containing a bul 130 acres. Also a lot bounded North by c. H. L1 Ford East by Bullock South by a. C. Morgan aut West by a. C. Morgan contain is about 55 lot bounded North by j Ford East by j Ford South by d. Walker Anil West by e. Harris containing about 65 acres Wilh about 50 Acra improved log House and log barn thereon. To be Sulu Asilio properly of Clark so Sou. A Lut of ground in to old Village bounded Oil by Cowanesque Street rest by s. M Geer Walh lot formally owned by Joseph Aiken and West Walnut Street containing about i i of an acre improved with 2 Frame houses the freon. To be soil is property of Edgar a lot of land in township Boand door they a. B Tanner East by n. Smith and Olsen South by estate and Wost by Smith and others about 2so acres with Thorn 100 acres improved n lug House Frame House barn and Apple Orchart thereon. To be Soli As the property of John Benson. Also a lol of land in Sullivan township bounded North by w. East other lands of defendants South and by b. W Unroe containing 81 acres with Boul 30 acres in Provo i. Also one other lot in Aid township non by l. Wat Easby Bra lord Sou h by Alex. Smith sad West by b. Monroe containing 97 acres Wilh about co or 60 acres improved p Frame House log House two Frame tarns and an App e Orchard there on. To be sold As the property 01 we. Hulsander Peter and John kens in. Lol of land situate in Union township funded Aorta c. M. Dibble East by George Foa Lor South Ambrose Barker and West by g w. Ferry containing about 50 acres Wilh Joboul 20 or 25 acres improved a Frame House barn and fruit Tress there on. To be sold is the property of Geo. M Foster. Also a two Story Frame Bull Jing in Bloss Birg Tinga county Pennsylvania on lots 4 of 5 in Block no. 9, bounded North by land of Arbon i Clyl company. Sij building is 20 32 Leel two Slu Nea High erected and Cost ruled for the purpose of dwelling Bouse. To be sold As the properly of of. W. I Luckins. R a lol of land in township branded North by John West ease by Charles March South by Joseph Ely and West by h. H. I Otter and a. Haslet containing about 42 acres All Mitt romped with a Frame House two barns Orn Hotsic and Wall Apple Orchard to be sold As us prop Eny of Archibald Haslet. Also a piece or Anrce of land butted bounded and described As follows Viz begin Ning a Hemlock tree the North East Corner of motherland surveyed by the said constant hat Ley thence nest one Hundred and seventy Fout perched to a Post thence Ortli one Hundred and ninety nine perches to a Post thence East one1 Hundred and seventy four perches to a sugar tree and thence Eoutz. One Hundred and ninety nine perches to beginning containing 216 acres and 66 perches. To to sold As the prop erty of moves Crawford . Al. A certain lot tract a parcel of land situate lying and being in the township of Charleston county of Tioga and slate of Penn i Elvania be Ginny a poet life North East Cor Ner of Timothy Culver s lot. I Arenca North 219 perches to a Post thence West 83 perches to a pent thence Ortli 141-2 perched to a Post thence West 71 perches to a Post Clience South 233 1-2 perches to a Post i hence partly by Timothy Culver s lot East 154 perched to the place of beginning containing 204 acres and allowance of sin per cent for roads being part of warrants nos. 1781, 1782, 1779, and 1780. To be Eold As the property of Daniel Williama and abm. Hatt r 3rre a certain lol of land in Borough containing about three fourths of ice of land bounded east1 by the j. Pord is. Simeon Power and Al r Bovier is s l Hibbeat Tioga county is John m Hammond is a g Churchill is we. Cotlin John Parkhurst is Utley Thos. Leet is Charles Avry Wallace stilling is 1 Inscho a Hinckly is j Prutzman adm s of pier Cut is we a Falkner a k Bozzard is Crandall m d Field is m Spicer Ezra Davis is we j Bowman and Al s Bullock is. H Hotchkiss g Phelps is Cyrus Maynard Lucinda Loward is l k Garfield and wife j m Why Ter is a c Coal Thomas Leeds Cole Stevena we Mil Evvs h Demarest and Al p Cril Lenglen is tubbs1 and Al Lyman Spencer is Robert Gitchell and a j p Hel Feasline is w Hutson and Al Roberts for Bennett is j Sherman Henry Curran is Reuben Short Charles Blanchard a Clark Slosson Samuel Satterly is John s. Warner Cushman and Smith a w Seely Al Al Tioga county is Jos Tophield and Al ii n Terrell co is Clark Slosson w n Fassett is Charles Burson ii Leech is Joseph Knapp and Al Hunt Seely is l Skinner Joseph Kelly is we Simmons ii g Taylor is Philander Gould John l Plain in is Levi Furman Joseph Kelly is Eri Baker Hiram Hall is c Howard j d Wood is Stephen Babcock w f Leroy is m Cummings and Al Tioga county is Benjamin git Bill John Kimble a we. Patrick Abram Shuart is n g Snover w Baldwin and Al a Johst Young and Al w a Lindsley is j Ford Garnishee p Esben is John Meek is James Kimball is m m Converse Nicholas Seidel is j o Caldwell and Al c Robinson and Al a we nitrous and Al Churchill for Sterling a John Bockhus 2d b w Payne co is e p Clark Joseph Yonkin is county James Pritchard avg school directors of Wes d Tanner is p Culver is Chubbuck Wood sleeve Trowbridge is h h Potter and Al Charles Churchill is John Bochus 2d Joseph Falkner is we Falkner we e Clark is Thomas Leet j Wood is John Sofield Al h w j Averill is Clark Slosson Bra net be c Churchill David Greenleaf is j Hilbold Charles f Parks co is h Ryan co adm is of Keeney is land Warren Israel p. Keeney is same John Parkhurst is j Lake and wife bean Ensworth is John Blue Harvy Leach is Clymer township a Beers is Hugh Sample Edward Stapleton is r Ryan c Rathbone is p b Chadwick. Grand jurors for May term 1854. King Geo. Clpola. Leech. Cass Geo. A. Lamb. T. Lewis. O. Thompson. Squire l. D. Seely. M. Knapp. G. Hill w. A. Douglass. B. Maynard m. Seely. Covington a Gernold. I Lang. Murdaugh 1. Moore s. Buch Anan. March Edsel Mitchell. Douglass. Bottom. Traverse jurors format term 1854. B. Wilson Samuel Kemp b Shives. Belly o. Big Bee Hul Clinson. B. Bonn Briggs Rodgers. Ujj Iuo a. Dann Juliu Pratt North and West by George a shies and South m. Foster. By s sire Wilh a Frame noose barn nov out Beech c. Prentice a. Bixby Btu Lampi and a Small Orchard i Hereof to p. Gaylord John a. Holden Ira Lownsbury of m cabe. Bulls l. Sherwood Sher Wood. Gaylord Martin Stratton. Gee Henry Stevens. D. Seely John b. Waklee. White How Block Well. T. B. E. Mapes we. Thomas Abram Walker Ber Herrick. Albeck James Black j. M. Hart. Austin Ira Wetherbee Samuel Dickinson Thos. C. Horton l. Pal. Mer Eberenz Hildreth Vid Gorrie slope. Orvis Reynolds. Kilter Geo. Thomson Oliver Elliot Joel Culver a. E. Niles Kimball , h. Willi Atnee a Babb. Floore p. Wood. M. Allen Church. R. Toles Leonard Clark Cooper Strawn. Lyon. Smith Cummings Lawrence Granger White Cropsey. Struiff Pride. Crane Smith. T. Bil Lirigis. Dartt James Cle rations. Goodrich. I a birr s once welliboro1, apr. 6, 1854. H. A. Gurn3ey. Sheriff. Feb Ettsal motion of Tjho last. agent by f0r of Peck in action wat1r wheels owners of saw Mills a Tioga Conn "m1 to above mentioned Al Lime after this m i Terras. A cent ref. Of Theao a been Over All Grin applied to i such tbsp there cannot be any to Flo of the a water re dired under Tyder 20 feet heat to perform pkg not wet rate them oa.1 Hod re be to d. B. Wilix30x. February 1854. Cordial. Eurol for he r genial in correspondence of the Nevada March 4 chapter. Street. There take my Arm and Well have a Peep High life below stairs As such things do in san Francisco. You will know More about them if you seek Well is not More than three minutes walk from the Plaza North to that Large building on the Corner of Kearney and Pacific streets. Just look that Pale Aid ded Pis Zed be perched and Well worn three Story building which looks for All the world an if tried to and with wooden Gra Tings ranged like a Row of bricks along the basement Story on Pacific Street Why that a the City Hall where the criminal courts Are held where City Justice is administered according to Law and thieves robbers burglars incendiaries and murderers through the farce of being tried and either acquitted by alibis or condemned to be locked up in an old Shell of on topology for a slate 1 Rison to which they complacently submit for the pleasure of breaking out immediately. You stare he Well its As True As heaven. Show me Iho first Man who has been Hung in san Francisco for murder. Then look the Many lillians who condemned to imprisonment have escaped from that old Shell. The majesty of the Law Forsooth majesty is stripped of its dignity and ils Power a perverted to protect the Man who fires your dwelling in the dead hour of night who puts a pistol to your head in a Public Street who Breaks your doors who insults your wife who commits every crime that is known on the criminal record and yet the administrators of the Law strive to do their duty. The magistrates the police Are indefatigable yet the Gold of the Felon will secure Cour Isil who for dollars and cents will Lenthis Aid to shield the villain by technicalities and false witnesses irom Justice and Render the Law nugatory a dead letter in elite of All that Justice or police can do. He struts Large a gentleman and is As ready to pick your pocket or Burn your House As he was before the what s lobe Donel Why unless you would have California resolve itself into the primitive Elverne nos of society where Protection of the weak is gained by the Price of Vassilike to the fatties towns then arms serfs and Bondsmen shall be held the arbitrary command of some powerful body the people must Rise in their might and protect themselves from the tyranny of the Law As administered from the tyranny of these prowling Midnight villains and like the glorious fathers of the revolution who resisted the tyranny of English Law and English rules break the Law to make new and More effective one which shall pro the mass from that band of Assa Eins who would Gorge themselves with innocent blood. Alas there is but one resource left desperate As is indeed six months will not pass before sanguinary scenes of a terrible character will been cled in the streets of san goaded on by people will Rise in their might and do what Law cannot text themselves. One More fire and the Tocsin will be sounded. The fire will come the alarm Bell will loll and the Long smothered flame of popular indignation will break Forth. May come even before the fire shall again Lay the City in ruins. And this is Pacific Street named no double from the peaceful character of its denizens. Exactly so for like the great Paci fic or. Peaceful Ocean is now and then subject to most infernal squalls. Below Dupont you see the children of Israel worshipping the. Golden. Calf in a variety of ways from an old clo to a crockery store. The Long tailed Chi Namen with the Bright eyed Princess Atoy from the flowing Vale of some to Whang Vale of the Moon dispensing stewed rats and Mutton chops to the Western Barbar Ian the Swarthy mexican in his Many color de seraph the Graceful Madame of la Belle presiding with n smile other liquor ended Vona the gambling saloons Vohen you Are attracted by the Sweet sounds of my dec and drop a Quarter this bar in spite of yourself the Nutmeg Yankee the chivalric southerner the Long bearded Miner jew and Gentile Are mixed in the throng giving a Peculiar life and style to that Ponton of unburned san Francesco. Cast your eyes on the quaint names of the restaurants and drink ing houses the to All you will pay for no doubt the Harmony. Were Harmony and peace Are destroyed if you Don Fork Over the build pro above Street there is one honest sign the Green and any Man who goes in does to open the gales of pandemonium Are generally hid from View but give the Devil his for even in his existence he stands Over the door Flat footed. The proprietors of the House must be honest men for they take their customers in with their full knowl Edge that the image of satan is staring them in the face before they enter. 1 deem simply a sign of the i do you hear that to the House across the Way of i Kilty Clover you bother me of let s Jack on Shore Elbow in All shapes or on one Side is seated the moustached spaniard half involved Fri Black cloak humming a sprightly Waltz on his Light or a Harper leaning on his Harp eyeing out a Mazurka while the floor is crowded with rollicking boys and flaunting Senora Irish Belles or Sydney ladies cutting Down shuffle or Waltz As if Nero was fiddling and san Francisco burning. Go boys while you re you Are not Hung you la die in the gut Ter. And lounging around the door or Saunt Jering through the Street the deep dyed villain from the sinks of Sidney the scum of England the vicious and die late from All nations Are watching you with wary Steps ready to pounce upon and take your life for a Dollar. Have your pistol loaded and keep the Middle of the Street by night. You May think me quite a commen tary on the True nevertheless and those who have visited san Francisco know to be to. A sketch of the Mineral resources of the District through which the Sunbury Aud Erie Luil Road is located. Ridge Ond the application of Anthracite Coal is easily smelted and yields a very Superior Iron for Many purposes. The Ore a known by the name of the Fossiliferous Iron and contains from 20 to 48 per cent of Metalic Iron. Who Lewo. 816 embracing the soon Tjioe Are Only separated from the tangas Coolac by the denudation of two Large this Coal is in the lowest bituminous rom per cent or Meta a Iron. Coa few in estate re so f this Deposit of ores very extensive to Cross i Tif "5ps? by j. M. M Minn c. E. Tit those marked with a Are drawn for the second week of court. Music murdered or run Mads squeaking cot from an old fiddle the Brier Tifi o operator witty his head twisted if in agony Hie own performance in doubling Hie the Mineral wealth of the Region through which the Sunbury and Erie Railroad is located is but very imperfectly developed and even what is known a not duly appreciated. In deed in is scarcely possible adequately to comprehend the real position we now occupy in re lation to our Mineral during the last Quarter of a Century practical science has developed such a multitude of inventions and improvements and so vastly extended the use Ful arts that none but the most attentive can keep Pace Wilh the Progress of this age of in Valion. The Field is yet open to the scientific explorer Aud the Artisan and a thousand new subjects demand their attention fur although a Rich store of knowledge has been obtained much yet remains to be discovered. In 1638 the smelting of Iron Ore with anthrax cite Coal was accomplished simultaneously in this country and in Europe. During the ten years preceding that period vast sums of Money had been expended to effect thin object. This discovery once opened a new Era in the manufacture of Iron. Ores hitherto useless once in demand Hills and mountains of but Little use became intrinsically valuable. In 40 the raw bituminous coals were first successfully used in this country for smelling Iron Ore Al though used in England for that purpose since 1713. The superiority of Anthracite Over a4l other lae s fur locomotive engines has just been demonstrated and the uses of the different varieties Coal in the various branches of manufactures and the arts arc so generally admit Ted that i will not attempt to allude to them deeper y. Coal known in great Britain As Early an the nine Century but is but Little More than 250 years since came into general use is a fuel. Both the Anthracite and the bituminous Coal vase first observed in Pennsylvania in 1768, was not until is 12 that the first Coal from the Schuylkill from the Lehigh and 1829 from in 1820 there were 365 tons of Anthracite Coal sent from the Anthracite Coal Region of Penn Sylvania and in 1853 there were tons sent to Market. In 1327 the Mauch chunk Railroad nine Miles in length was constructed a Cost of about the total length of railroads constructed to the Anthracite Coal exceeds Miles a coast of the assessed value of the counties embracing the Coal regions to 1852, was the same District in 1853, showing a degree of Prosperity unequalled in any other portion of the state. An Effort was made to bring the bituminous Coal into use a period prior to the Anthracite Coal Trade a Small Quantity was sent Down the Susquehanna from the Vicinity of Cle Arnald in arks previous to 1789 but the Means of transportation have always proved too imperfect to make this business All profitable on an extensive scale from this Region and this great mine lies almost untouched in the very Centre of our slate. The local amount of bituminous Coal mined in our stale does not exceed one million of tons annually. The Eastern termination of the Sunbury and Erie Railroad Sunbury where connects with the Philadelphia and Sunbury and Erie Railroad and also Wilh the Susquehanna rail Road is near the Western termination of the shame Kin Coal Field. This great Anthracite a sin a the most regular and productive of All the Coal basins in Pennsylvania. Nearly 30 veins Are said to exist and some of them of great size. The Mammoth is reported to be 60 feet thick another one 27 feet and Many others from 5 to ,11j feet. is generally a White Ash a free Burner and quite soft. A cubic Yard weighs one ton and seventy three pounds its specific Gravity is and contains 89.0 of Carbon 6.1 of volatile Mailer and 4.0 of ashes. The White Ash coals Are generally preferred for making Iron on account of their greater density and compactness of Structure and will longer remain in the open air with out change but the red Ash affords a Small amount More of heat. Shortly after leaving so Bury we reach the contours Ridge which contains a vast Supply of Iron Ore. The numerous Iron establishments Danville Are up plied with Iron Ore from this is the West Branch into Union found in various locations in the same Range extending into Miflin county but Ila principal body appears now to be Between the North and West Branch of the Susquehanna. Iron ores have been found in almost every part of Union county and Thero is no double but that in exists in Greal bodies since Ibe bog deposits in Many places Are very considerable. Lead has also been found in a number of paces bul As Yel in no considerable Quantity the difficulty however has been in the ignorance in the Truo Geo logical position of these minerals. The geology of this often quite complicated and foreign miners Are the last ones to know anything about . Leaving Union and Northumberland counties we enter Lycoming a county extremely Rich in minerals. On Ibe South Aida of the River along the Side of the Muncy Mountain in a formation of no. 5 of prof. Rogers. Liis for mation contains a vein of Fossiliferous Iron a few inches to two feet in thickness. Where the strata is nearly vertical this vein is very thin and poor but As the inclination of the strata increases the thickness of the on in creases and ils Quality is More productive. This vein extends the Clire length of ibid Ridge. In the Valley of thu West Tho Limestone of nos. 5 and g Are found in great abundance and of the purest Quality. That mined near Loyalsock according to prof. Rog ers fourth annual report gave 98 3 of Carbonate of Lime 1 3 of insoluble matter and want tide the ii Only 1118 feet Philipsburg Coal Basin is 1477.feet, the coa.1 on the Pennsylvania Railroad is the Ralston Coal bed 1680 feet and the blow Burg bed 1850 feet above Lide ii is accessible by Railroad Vith moderate grades and a Road the District to Snow shoe would Paes the Centre of of this great Mineral Region. This Coal proved to be the beat of 42 varieties for the use of British steamers. Its specific Gravity is 1 391 con Lains 73.44 can on 18.8l volatile Are let and 7.75 of ashes. is moderately and close burning. The Supply Here is almost inexhaustible and will command the attention of our Seaboard cities Al an Early Day being 280 Miles do stand from new York and 200 from the Cumberland Coal mines Are 215 Miles from Iho City of Baltimore and the Bloss or Coja mines 342 Miles from the City of new York. Under the Coal is found a great abundance of fire Tulay in Many place sex feet in thickness and in the Coal Region is found Quartz Santl admirably adapted for the Manu facture of Glass. Every few Miles Are axes of Elevation run Ning nearly parallel with each other which Divide the Coal Fields into separate basins. Near the month of Youn woman s Creek we enter the second which extends uninterruptedly to Cambria or to Somerset eight seams occur in this Basin the largest is from 6 to 9 Feol thick contains 78.2 Carbon 13 volatile matter and 8.8 ashes. Fire Clay is abundant in this Coal Field and Iron Ore a in Salt Springs i or. Hydraulic Cement exists near the base of a Nav quite formation no. 8, and throughout the Valley in j been observed and Salt works Ted in the Vicinity of Kar thatis 5ut want of capital and Energy and its retired location pro Ved fatal to the Enterprise. Near the line Between Clinton and Elk Conn ties we enter Iho third or Bennel e Branch this Basin is the richest in Mineral deposits. contains six Vei Roif Coal selvers veins of Iron Ore Limestone and fire Clay with numerous Saline Springs. This bits a will pro Bably be the new Castle of America and per haps a a Swansea May yet Spring Cronl while Sandstone Limestone in Sandstone Brown shale Coal fire Clay holes containing kidney Ore Coal fire l Lay Ore Blue Sre Clay and Ore male Limestone and Ore Olive to shale Coal Slaty Sandstone Limestone shale sol id Ore Coal to. 5 100 20 6 9 3 4 61 5 8 g a 10 6 Many places in inexhaustible quantities. The Gypsum or plaster of Paris occurs in this formation along Willi the , we May expect to find the plaster in this a Little higher up in the formation we find indications of Iron Ore which has been found to j Arod Clive in Mifflin and Huntingdon counties and yields from 45 to 46 per cent of Kotalic i Iron in the Divide occurs another vein of Oro which is very productive where has been opened Larry s Creek Mill Hall and big scrub Ridge. The vein on Larry s Creek is 3 j up whet8 Mil he Forest Mam in Teet thick and ent enus through a Large Range 80 ii ice of Hills. These ores contain from 42 to 60 per the following Section will exhibit some of cent of Metalic Iron. These three veins of Ore the minerals of this Region run nearly parallel Bro Ghoul these ridges for a distance of nearly 100 Miles. Small quantities of the Black oxide of Manga Nese and the Green Carbonate of Copper have been observed in a number of places in these ridges but their appearance has Little attention. On the top of the Allegheny the bituminous Coal is found. This Coal approach i within 25 Miles of the Anthracite of the Wilkes Barre a san from this Point to Queen s run n distance of about 25 Miles the bituminous Coal lies in detached basins and patches. Eight different seams of Coal have been detected in this District two Are worked about 4 feet thick. This Coal is of an excellent Quality containing 74.5 of Carbon 20 5 of volatile mat Ter and 5.0 of ashes. There exists throughout this District an Argillaceous Carbonate of Iron and a Ali Ite pro to Carbonate of Iron a Bich somewhat resembles a Fine grained Sandstone and is not generally recognized As an Iron Ore by those unacquainted with in contains about 38 per cent of me Talic Iron and with Greal Success i Ashl Onville on the Lycoming Creek. There were in 1850, 52 furnaces in Pennsylvania using these varieties of Iron Ore and is Cin played extensively in Many parts of the world for the manufacture of steel Clinton and Centre counties next claim our attention and these Are pro eminently Rich in Mineral deposits. In the Antic Linal Axis of the Limestone valleys in these counties Are found in exhaustible deposits of the pipe Iron which yields the celebrated Juniata was not formerly known that this Ore was so abundant As really is and there is no doubt but that will be selected throughout these valleys in the have these ores yield from 50 to 65 per cent of me Talic Iron. The ores of Lead have been observed in different parts of the county and 1 have observed Fine specimens of heavy spar on the sur face of the Groenil Jin the Valley of the Bald Eagle this Jailer Mineral is ground up where is abundant and employed As a while Pairol. Phosphate of lito6 has been detected in nil any Valley but to is unknown 8s ,0 lne 6ucceb8ive and unbound cd Olar Gemeyl has not been opened. If to should exist in of prod Active orces of new abundance might prove to be of great value As Large quantities of Are now being exported to Europe for an agricultural purpose. The Iron ores of nos. 9, and 11 Are found in this place through these counties and Sand for the manufacture of Glass Clairc for the Dif Ferent binds of pottery for fire Brick Are found in inexhaustible deposits. Queen s Roq five ratios above lock in the Railroad centers the bituminous coat re Gion. is Here the Coal first assumes the Char lord s prayer could been Mareea fill _ writer of a regular soil Field for North East of larger than the area of a half dime v Lias in detached bul on the Side of extends be u of with but one of two interruptions lot a distance about tour 1 3 Coal 5 shale and Sandstone 211 Olive shale with kidney Ore so Limestone 4 the Furnace can a located Al the base of the Mountain and the Ore Coal and Limestone can be conveyed tothe Tunnel head by Elutea from Mouth of Drift to the mine the Coal contains 54.5 of Carbon 37.0 Lilc matter 8.5 of ashes. The Limestone 96 Cut Bondale of Lime 2.3 of insoluble Mailer. The Iron Ore from the slate1 contains from 27 to 48 per cent and that found in the Limestone from 34 to 33 per Ceol. Of Metalic Iron. The fourth or Toby s Creek Basin a near the source of Trout run. These two basins Are probably scarcely separated. Four of Coal have been and Iron Oro and Lime Stone will probably be found in the underlying rocks. The Width of the Basin a about foor Miles and May be regarded As the North bait termination of the Clarion Coal Fields Crosena Tho Clarion River a Little below the Mouth of Toby s Creek 7 or 8 Miles below Ridgeway. Frown Sunbury to Ridgeway a distance of 16a Miles the Sunbury and Erie Railroad will p ise through a Mineral Region Unwar Puetz by variety of valuable minerals in such Abo Didt Quantity. Although much of u now Iago Al most impenetrable wilderness a few years will give birth to new marvels that will contribute a Young Buck by longing to the Independent drink or let alone Junt As-1-please-without-Eingning-the-pledge-society popped the ques Ieon to a pretty girls Short Lime since who brought a still deeper Blush to his always blushing countenance by that As she bad signed a pledge to nor traffic in ardent spirits she did Bol feel u Liberty to traffic herself off for a koffijua4 of Brandy. Ine spa per

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