The Whig (Newspaper) - April 20, 1809, Cincinnati, Ohio
c Vol. I. }
THURSDAY, April JO, 1Ü09.
r No. 2. )
TF.RM5 os: THIS PAPTH.
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ICAPTURE OF MARTmiQÜE.
Charleston^ March 20.
Captain Moss arrived last evening, in ' 11 days from St. Bartholomews, informs SIS, that shortly before hfe left that place, certain intelligence had been received of the surrender of the island of Martinique, to 'he Biitish arms. It is stated that early in the month of February, the Bri tish carried, by storm, the important post of Windmill-Hill, which in some measure commands Fort BoUrbon—the old bat-eries at this place were strengthened and new ones thrown up—on the 18th of February these batteries were opened upon 'the Fort, and on the J5th the French commander capitulated. It is also stated that the surrender of the Fort was accelerated by the accidental explosion of the powder mugazinc, which also destroyed the water cistern. The British troops^ were cottiBiandf d hy ^tieral Beekwitn. There was but one French fri
wards of one month later than former advices.
1 hii intelligence w4s received at Hav-vanna oh the 7th inst. by a dispatch vc sel, in 35 days from Cadiz ; and by the British brig Little George, which arrived lere yesterd iy in 11 days from Havanna, we haVc received from our correspondent at that place, the Hav anna Aurora Extraordinary, of the 8th inst. containing án official account of a bloody battle'fought under the walls of Saragossa on the 21st of Jan. Iictwecn the French army under the command of Marshal Moncey, and the patriotic army commanded by the Spanish general Palafoxi It will be seen that this battle terminated gloriously in favor of the Spaniards, they having- routed the Fren^ troops at all points. The
Fort Royal, and she was dijstroyed before the surrender of the place—her commander had been previously killed by the explosion of a bomb. A sloop of war was immediately dispatched to England with -an account of the surrender of the island.
New York, March 20, Arrived, the armwd brig Ann Maria, Speck, 25 days from St. Lucia. About a week before captain Speck sailed, he says the Ann Maria was boarded by a boat from the British brig Solon, at 12 at night, having on board a drunken lieutenant and two midshipmen, who dcman^ ded the people, they all being on shore, except the captain, mate, cook and boy, They then demanded the mate, but capt. S. objected—they presented their dirks, and forced him into the boat. Captain Speck wrote to the governor on the subject, hut sailed too soon for any thing to be done. •
The following is extracted from a letter dated B<irdeaus, 18ih December.
“Should tlte American government deem it expedient to raise the embargo, and your merchants be rash enough, to risk adventures to this country, previous to the repeal of the decree of die k7th December, and the subsequent ministerial instructions to our customs, ordering the provisional seiamre of all vessels, arriving with cargoes und^ the American Hag, they will, even if ^rrlunate enough to escape the British blockading squadron, be involved in great difficuiries on their arri-vi.1; and if ultimalely liberated>Qur prices w ill not oiler them a reasonable conmcn-^ satiou for such complicated dangers.
XXTRACT or A l.XTüE».
JlrriiiuJa, March 3 —The embaigo is ♦.cvcrcly felt in this island, and many arc wiiliout a mouthful of bread—not a grain of tom for s lie lor a month or si* u t eks h.w k, and scarci ly n barrel of ficur ; v Irat little there is has been selling at upwards of thirty dollar , per barrel.LA'l'E NEWS FiiOMSPAIN.
Nevo Tar*, M>¿rcJt 2+.
1 hf Editors oí Uic New York Garefte di.v d.!V l.i\ bx f'iir their readeis, news hoin S. as htc as ihv. tnh uf Jan. up-
official particulars of this battle are copied from the Seville Gazette of Jan. 2f, the latest paper from old Spain, by the dispatch vessel arrived at Havanna.
In addition to our former translations, we are indebted to a friend for the follow* ing important extract of a letter written by an American gentleman of the first re* spectability. It is dated
Havanna^ March 8,1809,
“ By a British vessel [the Little George] about to depart for New York, I have only time to enclose yod a paper containing the afflicting news of yesterday, by a vessel in 35 days from Cadia.
“ Morla, the governor of Cadiz, has proved a traitor, and iuvited the French •to Cadiz.
“ Bonaparte left Madrid the 23d Dec. to attack Romanaos army,8Ínce time nothing official has been ''21 from the armies.
“ The whole of the Spanish re
drawing to a point, and hopes are ,er tained that they will surround an«l take Bonaparte the emperor.
“The supreme junta was at Seville, but it was ejected that they would re roovnev«rCdmi!,4« • -fcw As CSl
they had 8-1,000 French prisoners*
“ The British have been roughly han-dled-i-one army is marching towards Corunna, from prudential motives, and the other towards the borders of Portugal. These movements inc !ate expectaiicns of the necessity of embarking at those points to sail round to anotlier more tenahle.
“ I do not like the information received although many do, who believe that Spain will soon be cleared of the monster of Europe, and his armies. Indeed, the news I consider to be more afflicting to the cause of humanity, than any which has Reached us.’’
[SUMMARY TRANSLATIONS.] The Official Gazette of the Supreme Junta of Sp^n, dated Seville (to which they had again removed) the 27ih Jan gives the particulars of a severe cagage-ment hating taken place at Saragossa, between the French army andV marsha IVioQcey, and the Spanish patriots under gen. Palafox, on tlte 21st of that month It compnenced at day-light, upon the heights surrounding tire city, which after some smart resistance the patriots finally retreated in good order. At mid-day the attack was renewed by the French ^on the suburbs of the ciy, and some important posts established there. Gen Palafox ordered brigadier Monso to main tain them which he did with great coiirage and skill, in an action lasting more thaU five hours. The colonel of artillt-iy, Ve lasco, also directed three batteries with grgat jkill and terrible eilTect upon the cn emy, who were obliged to fallJiack. They howevt'r, afterwards brought up their re serve, and renewed the attack with almost incredible furVj and with all their force At this time Palafdx himself, sword in hand, sccomptnied by lieut* gen. O’Nei ly, and maj. gen. Saint Mare, took the commimd, and rushed into the thickest oi‘ I he battle,' ewfrising his whole energy, skill and valor, so ts to secure the victory
Tratlslatcdfor the Mercantile Advertiser, Seville, fan. 27.—On the 30ih of Dec. died in this city, aged 81 years and two months, his serene bigness Don Josef Monino, Couhtde Florida Blanca, President of the Supreme Council of government of the kingdom, senior member of his majesty’s council of state, knight of the celebrated ortler of the golden fleece, and grand cross of the royal and dislin-gui'-hed order of Charlés H I. &c.
[Here follows an eulogium on the deceased, and an account of hU public services.]
The king Don Ferdinand VII. and his public royal name the Supreme council of government of the kingdom, in conside-ration of the eminent and extraordinary merits and services of his screnebighnes^ the Count de Florida Blanca, and of the hig^i and glorious dignity of president of the said council; and in order to give posterity a proof uf his majesty’s approbation of those subjects who distinguish themselves in his service» and exhibit such demonstratiuns of love to hN royal per-bufi,'9lC. has been pleased to grunt to his heir tor himself and legitimate suc«:essors, the dignity of grandee of Spain, exempt from the taxes and cliargcs usually imposed.
Sarag-ossn tunimoned to surrender. JLetier of marshal MunCey to hit excellency the commander in chief of the Spanish troops, and to the magistrates of the xlty of 5aiag'»ssa. ,
The city of Saragossa is invested ih every part, and has now no external communication. We can therefore employ against the place all the means of destruction which the laws of war permiti The fifth division of the grand army under the orders ot marshal Mortier, duke of Treviso, and that which I command, threaten the walls, The city of Madrid has capitulated, and has thus been preserved
from the misfortunes which a Idnger re-.- JUKI ^ave urougi,»
A siege is nothing to one Who ktioWR how to die with honor, and more so* when I already know its cHects from the experience of the .former siege of sixty-one days ; if I would not tlien surrender when I was at the head of a smaller force, your excellency ought hot to expect it now, when my force is greater thab all the armies which surround me.
The shedding of Spanish blood cover* us with glory in the same proportion a» it is ignopnlniptis for the French arms tb have shed itwithout cause.
The marshal of the empire will leaiti* that the enthusiasm of eleven millions of inhabitants is not extinguished by oppression^ and that wlirn a nxtiou wills te- be free, it is free. I wish not to spill the blood of th%se I govern, but there is not one who would not joyfully lose his life in defence oi^his country. Yesterday the French troops left at our gates sulH-clent testimonies of this truth; we did not lose a man, and I believe 1 niight with more propriety propose to the marshal to surrender, unless he chooses to lose hi* whole army before the walls ol this place; That prudence which is his characteristic will not permit him to view with indifference sucn a wast of lives, and especially when neither war>nor the Spaniards occ^v sion it.
TSis vyas complete. The Firnch lost ihf greatK-r pari of their force, and were cnircly ro iled and dispersed, Icavm:; be fore the batteries and w aUs inor^ ihun 4ÍVX) killed, and as manv wnu.t h‘d , a* muug them (he grenadiers, who had foa¿ u with the greatest bolJa.ss.
1^ fntivc uruuguv up***
Gentlemen, the city of Saragossa, trusting to the bravery of its inhabitants, but wholly unable 10 Withstand the resources and exertions which the art of war is about to combine against it, if it renders the use of them necessary, will inevitably be totally destroyed.
Marshal*Mortier, and I believe that you wiUicr^into eonsideraiion what I have t)i^^fipr ^ state to you, and that you wfill^'iuoiile in opinion with us. To prevent-^,e eftuaion of blood, aud to preserve the beautiful city of Saragossa, so tcniiderable in population,riches and commerce, from the evib of a siege, and from the terrible consequences which might result, would be the means of obtaining the love and blessings of the people under your government. If you, •gentlemen, will induce the citizens to entertaia sentiments .of peace and tranqUlUty, on my part, I promise ^ou every thing compatible with my duty and powers with which I am invested by H. M. the empcCor.
1 send you this dispatch witn a flag of truce, and propose Jo you to appoint commissioners to treat with those whom 1 shall appoint for that purpose.
I am, gentjcmch, with the greatest consideration yours,
Tlte MARSHAL MONCEY.
Head quarters at Torrero, 22d December, 1808.
Reply of the general.
The general in chief oi tlte army of rc-•erve, replies for the town of Saragossa. This beautiiul city knows not what it is to surrender. The marshal of the em*¿ pire will observe all tlic la^s of war, and will measure his strength with iritne; I have communication -with all pans of tite peninsula, and am in want of nothing. Sixty thousand brave men, and I wlm command thcr, know of no greater re ward than glory'. The honor of being their kader I would not exchange for em ■pire*.
His etcctlenry Marshal Moncey will cover himself with ^glory, if, observing the nobie laws of War, he conquors me mine wii: not be less if I make a success lul rcdstanue. What I say to your excel-Lncy r*, thit my troops wUl fight hunora bly, dn*I Í i n toully ignorant of the roe thod of o.iort^siun, which the aodent M'I'tS?** Eranre aOhorred-
If Madrid has capitulated, Madrid ha* been sold^. and I cannot believe it i ^büt Madrid is but a single city^and it* surrender forms no reason for the lurrcndtf of this place. ',
1 wish ©nty to remaric to the inarshai, that when he sehds a flag of truce hé must not cause two columns to advance from distinct points, as We 'Iverc on the point of firing, believing it to be * reconiioitering party rather than a flag of truce.
I have the hondr to reply’to your excellency marshal Moncey with due attention . in thconlyianguage with which I am acquainted, and which the sacred duties imposed on me dictate.
Head-<puinera at Saragossa, 22nd Dec. 1808.
Tub GEN. PALLAFOX.
V Nf.wYork, March ^5•
LATEST XIWS CtRF.CT FROM 3PAIH.
Yesterday arri^ ed at this port the ship ' Bordeaux, captain Law, in 51 days from Cadiz, which place she left the first of February. Capuin Law brought no papers except one containing the affiiir at Saragossa of the 22d of December. H: informs us Verbally th*4 Mr. Ervlng, the American charge des affairs, who was at Cadiz, had received assurances front the Juuta at SaviUe (hat the American vessel at Algesii^as should be released immediately : that the Englith army were attacked near Valadolid, and had retreated towards tHe mountains of Austurias, from whence they would piDceed to Cormnna, (where the British fleet were oh their way ffom Lisbon) to embark for England: that their actual arrival at Corrunna was announced by a cutter which reached Cadiz a few days before capt. Law sailed ; that no account of any battle between the French and the marquis of Komana had beeg received ; that the .Énglish under sir J. Moore were attacked about the 15th of Jan. and defeated with great slaughter on both sides; and that gen. Blake, and the principal officers of the Spanish patriot* ic army, had deserted to the French.
The following abstract is obligingly fur-furnished us by the supercargo;
“ Ship Bordeaux, capt. Richard Law, leftCadiz^on the 1st of February* A few days brfore tj(^e Bordeaux sailed, ac> countt'were received of n most obstinate battle having been fought near Valladolid,
between the English army, under sir J. |iloore and the mjiin body of the FrencA» After dreadful carnage on both tides, an army of reserve, commanded by Bonaparte in person, arrived on the field ; night closed the snnguinuy conflict, and the British were forced'tu retreat to the mountains of Asturixs.
“ The captain of an Engltsh schoenec which arrived at Cadiz about th«' tame time the abave account was reciilK^* In a short passage irom Corunna, rmorteé that the British were marching tiw that place when he sailed. SiMflc tniMibOii ships were waUisg for them,