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The Philanthropist (Newspaper) - September 4, 1838, Cincinnati, OhioV published by the executive committee of the Ohio state anti slavery society. A Lih Jii-7 v ii i. We arc verily guilty once Ming oar brother a a a a a a therefore la Thia Diat Reaa come upon a. Samuel a. Airet a hrs ser by it get inst 8erob8. Cim Cismati the slav Sefter Hber 4, 1838. Yvrose to. Tii a mesh Tii amp kit w the Antl slav kit �0�,31bt� in c9mer of main sixth torte to Cincinnati Ohio. Bolm a of a a Dolotta and Cenia i advance.�?. 1%i�e bes Minot paid tui the expiration of the Jeff. Be. A Aea on Anat at Aboul be directed to the pub thug Ajvazi Iheama Lela iof to to in editorial department to like to Ito. In my Chaet pee Patu Vijh a a jew of is 4 a at slavery thick Abbey Vitte a Ida an end broken con akroq., Cuya hoga Anwa Viloce Athena Andover aah tabla Antrim. On Renaay Apple creak. Wehlend Richtand co., Nokia Betm commit of ekae Takiea. Mary w. Ladd. John c. We. Is. Wit we. R. Walker Henry Savage or. Barrett we. Waa Aon re Walker. Societies in Rem a so Alaz. Trae Adale. A Emma Ca. Pen la Mia Betsey Cowley. Athana a Hans. A Tratar Aoa Zinbarg aah Tafalla. Anal Antawn ten Moll. Angotta Avon Lorria Barlow. Washing Lon Banalla Tombau. Batavia. Clemmitt Batavia to mho. Baath Oizae. Adana. Ber Kakine and Bari a Bena Vilta. A Emmemt canny Bat Hal go remit. B Lawton or cd Hui Lamb. Nimrod h. Doh Nova Jamaa Denham Raa Vaa. Re Plato p. O. A my �8 Morgan co. . . Peale. Brimfield. Portage Bristol Trumbull. Or Rufii can try brawn Delaware Brov Malin in Oraine been Keld. Trumbul. Bra Avilla. Tumboli Brun Swierc Madina cad la Harrison. Camden. Prese. Cambridge in Maey Captina Canaan. A rna. Canton slam pc. Cantan female carding lab Marian Carlislie Lia Niin Kampian 1>�eabui, Kaidon a Tanga Malmo to a off up Chavier tawn Bip Chamar a Riga. Chit Kathe. Road Cincinnati a Uon cd Bianati Waman rr1--�- wow nil Clar aftem a Claridon Kaanga Claar Faak car met can or it Avaland Cuya hoga Elf item Chancy Betm Miema cum Dot Columbiana Calam Tana co booed Baa it Seq Gahaga Falla Cuba Koto do Aback. Lamea t. Claypole Sarah a Leveart William Hall at Hera Avo Ormins b. Hough elder q. Bella. William or Awold , William Boyar Wiiiam Hall foam Sar Ebett Oann aant baht Ula cad a taa Aale men mat chaw Haa. Lagan. Doer creak Stark Dalm Hamlton Deriald town hip. Jut Kurr Newdy or. John foul p. M. Abraham Baer mra. E. A. O. Or Awold Thomaa Sharp n. 8. Tahop Hiram Baldwin r. Looma. Jamea Baker , Dohn n. Templeton a. Wattle mrs. M. L. Bailey Thomaa f. A tinted. Jodina Brink Nhuc Andrew Coom a or. 8. Severance Thomaa Hibben Wui ii. Abner g. Kirk mra. Muj Ann l. Gage Ogden Wetmore l. L. Rice. Joal take Dee Mim a. Tingley John Scott. Rjohn Leer a Mito a pm Tiboca Del 76 170 7s is ss4 04 64 83 56 is 4s 80 s6 50 38 100 66 -4s 30 68 60 60 85 66 60 60 86 06 85 60 17 66 40 v 81 a. 85 14 186 80 86 30 Jenoa Cevely Lagrange Lorain Lane Seminary ctn., Leer Iorg and Vicinity Lexington Liberty Isrin Mbutu Lima ulc fiem Medina Liverpool a a Lorain co Tift a lord town to Nimoh lloy Davitte be Mont Lyme Huron it Cong Cottney Lafayette Medina Len township Lee a Ron. Harrison Madison Beauga Madiara Muhm Mahoning Staik manahiem Richland Manhal Vule Marlborough Stark Marietta Washington me Trumbull Medina Medina w. W. Beeba n. P. Johnson c. W. Scole Jonas Crosby James Scott James Auauli , Albert a. Lisa. Joseph Mead a w. Bancroft Thomaa Park Rev. E. W. Adama j. H. Day Edward Sturgis Geo Hanner or. A. Brook Enoch Starka Timothy Hudson Esq. Mesopotamia Trumbull Alonso Bales Miami us varsity j. A Stona Oxford Miami. Logan mid dietary Portage Milan Huron. Mth Brook Wayna. Millerburg Holmes mount Leigh Adama Monroe Clermont Monroe Ashtabula Afef Troe county. Mona on Kaoga Moulton mount Flea ant Jec mount Union Stark Mana on one Vingum mus tog mmki3m Canty Mua Kiagem female mount Vernon Knox Middletown columb., Morgan Morgan Morgan town iii it aah Tabula j Nelum Pouge Neville Clermont. New Aterna Harrison new Concord muck. Never Concord y. P. V new Garden Lubon new Lyme Ashtabula new High. J. W. Bastman new Richmond Clur w. 6. Gage new irks Newton Muai Ngum w. Wylie Newton Falla Trumbull Horace Stephens North Bloomfeld Asa Smith Norwich. Newton Medina Oberlin Lorain n. T. Chamberlin Obeidin female mrs. E. P. Ingersol in Merlin Young ladies Mia Angeline l. Terry Elisha Wyman Daniel fee 8. 8. Bushnell Jephthah Duvall Samuel Hall a. H. Talcott j. Mammon a g. Allen Flam mra. M. A. Sturgean l. Brook j. Cockrane Jamea Smith 8. Ballwin Robert Galba eat William Lee. Arul Rew Magee Oliver Wylie Benjamin f. Davia John Frost l. B. Reeve i ? Walla Porter Jamea running Uttmi w. S. Morral Doit Tys Boga Eye Way aet data bar Brown Dayton Montgomary Budhi Hofich. Phage Lorap Ely via female a Tyfian juvenile. Eurid Ceya Bogn a Fenui Wigum Trumbull Femme a Amity r. Brown 68 50 186 46 30 40 80 60 86 14t 81 Fitchville Horwoo flu Hong belie Root Powler Tran Boll we pm Femyak Eueva Oca Eua Semaw Onieu Cerf Oeatha Ioune her Ringo Brown Givand cd Natek Gorhau Malemut a Orsaeo Granville Licking Sqq Vina Faavale a Rangy Brown 0ffmi,, . Har Gimp View to Nuufou or Tom Oak Fly. Oei Lico com Nett oranger Oieva Stald Highland Otey to Clen annl Guem Eoy pm my Orand River Loal tote Hanover Cid Khiani by rim Horci Shiue Harrison he Nissle Medina Manfai Licking Hartl cd tru Abou Harvey Bargh of dead Crim to Hinkley Medina Hubbard Trumbull and in Partena Jerran of Katy huot Burgh. Gean a Harper Tetele Hay Amilte Ruhland Indian Raak a. Peai Eoo Pho Emoo Blia was Mout Eidi d. C. Eastman blood ing a Benjami Finley aaa Bronson daa. John f. King Fay Danial t. Milikan. W. Wolcott mra.8lawnit, a. Cowl a a Mary Fri Cha Sahman Halbur. Mac Lewi a. Coom a Johnp Rioe Bernant or. W. W. Bancroft Mary e. Duty Houim Shannon. M. Chit Diu j. A do Certa Tua Robert a Lson John s. W. Fetridge a a. Griswold a. Templeton 8, Cro Cliar j. B. Samuel w. Grave or. Abel Cany Demuet Lewie Wilem Burr i. W. Seynour Ralph plumb or. Ireasa Harvey of Wilcox Allred Tyler j. B. Walker . Fayiah Besid Ciaky Tiaa Williams Riley p. O. O. Drawl turn ship liable n. Brown Camden p mat town Giraimo of Hixon �5� B. Bran cd Fra. Oks a 8<.8nk.w� Kin Gavine Aahl n. Wilted 34 86 71 78 60 60 67 80 86 40 1600 76 40 18 40 87 76 90 60 87 64 140 177 8t4 80 80 84 06 17 86 so 84 100 40 87 60 47 46 16 Ohio stale Neaville Grenga Peru Delaware Perry Beauga pics away county Plain tour Nahta Poland Trumbull Portage Cir mity Portage county Fem Putnam mud a Ngum Randolph Ravenna Portage Rief allem Medina. It chill making us Richmond Beauga rip to Bravn Root of Monty a Navel Beauga Richland. Rick kid Cetty Royal Lon Cuya Hogan Igaeli Beauga m Ridmond be Shraon Salem cot Muana a. 6. Kirk Soott township Adama James Williams j. Amp Burrill b. Stanton Mablon Holden h. Case n.8. Schooley Moa a Allen a. Baer. A re Janis e. Wisbon d. Lane Gamaliel Bailey Raphael Marri Iau. Rev. Lames h. I of William Risael Milton Armstrong j. B. Finley James Baker Jana 8. Carpenter Mia Lucy Wright l. M. Chandler. Truman Case Wyllys Weham William aum e. G. Dyer Hon. A. Campbell William gaga Wesley Whipple. R. Mann i. Osborne Sheffield Lorain Somerton Belmont is. Alben a Licking 81. Albanys female Southington. Tram Buu Springfield. Hamilton Sunbury Monroe Stark Cou Fily Steo Frenville Jef Shraon Street Borough Stom 60 78 64 30 31 86 80 it 60 80 90 80 40 40 85 86 43 106 76 18 88 603 150 35 30 56 81 60 60 9 308 188 33 316 40 13 144 60 40 70 34 800 48 86 163 043 164 14 300 330 65 68 69 343 88 84 71 70 60 77 85 70 37 43 69 60 60 46 l few the slave labor. Oakland o., aug. 18th, 1838. It is a matter of Surprise to some that at this Day when the sinfulness of slave holding has become so conspicuous in the View of thousands of conscientious individuals that such an apathy and India Terence Are Felt by most people towards am in vesti Tion of the degree of sinfulness we incur from a use of the products of slave labor. The a friends have Long borne their testimony against the use of prize gis but they appear to consider that a difference exist Between the use of goods Wnm a by Day hand of pow cry from a weaker parly Upo Nuie Ocean and those Takei a an exercise of the same kind of Power upon land. Many individuals 1 know among that denomination of christians have nobly abstained from a use alike of prize goods and the products of slave labor for years past but As a body the society is chargeable with the above inconsistency. I wish to examine a Little How far the use of these is really sinful. The slaveholder in the exercise of his unjust wer has in View Only his convenience or profit. Let us suppose that his family of six persons requires the same number of slaves As an average to support it in idleness this will perhaps be under the Mark so unproductive is slave labor. These six slaves besides performing the household duties and producing if employed in agriculture or plating so much of the subsistence of the family As is the natural growth of die soil of the estate on which they reside must also produce a surplus to procure the necessaries real or supposed which come from abroad. Suppose again that in my family of six persons in Ohio where slavery is not tolerated the sugar Cotton Rice indigo tobacco de which we use constitute about one third of our subsistence which May perhaps be a fair estimate and that we Exchange our surplus produce with the other family for their surplus of one third amounting to the labor of two of the slaves is it not Clear that to All intents and purposes i have in employ two slaves and enjoy the product of their unrequited labor merely % substituting the whip and Scourge of my agent in the South in place of wielding it myself what difference can there really be in the sin of my holding them Here did the Laws permit it to cultivate my Corn and wheat or to an agent there to drive item to the task of raising my sugar and Cotton i can perceive no difference except such As exists Between the Holder of 10 slaves and the Holder of 100�?it is Only in the amount of the a in committed. Again if As a merchant i make my whole subsistence out of the Purchase and Sale again of the products of slave labor am i not exactly on a level with the slave Holder who keeps just enough slaves to support him in the same degree of affluence i wish some correspondent in a the in a Ces Lye these Dot ii mine for i find a Fiat Hsi Nenee irom these products is somewhat inconvenient yet with my present feelings am constrained to submit to this inconvenience. If my positions Are right however shall we As abolitionists ask of the slaveholder to submit to the inconvenience we acknowledge he would feel in emancipating his slaves and working for his own support and yet shrink from the Ira Tiee of what our principles naturally Lead us to because we May find it inconvenient or expensive 1 have Long feared that our a fibres can never get completely Sunset soul prosperous As the Abo Litton cause now appears to be until we purge our own Camp of the iniquity we strive against. Doubt Ess if As a body we should refuse to use or to vend the produce of stave labor we should thereby produce a Strong impression on the ranks of slavery but our main purpose should be to purify ourselves individually from All participation in this horrible sin. We cannot with much consistency ask of our brother to Pluck the beam from his Eye while we refuse to Pluck a similar though it be a Esser one from our own. A. B. Spuro Vale columb., Jamea Humble too 8u Mary a Mercer sinking up Ting Sardinia Brown Smit fiem Strongsville Sandy Spring. Adame zen a Hay Ward. Salt Creek making us William Anid John Worbuck j. B. Mahan Thomaa f. Mcgrew Wheeler Cole Moe a Allen Eliauro Wright Esq. Rev. Benjamin Fenn n. Brown Camden p. 33 100 84 13 79 87 68 66 87 p. Kiric Petryck we. Dunlap Samuel Plush Mary p. Sutz off Halsey p. Hart so 86 80 60 188 say Rook baht Nebula tall Raadme Pottage Thom Pacofi Beauga county unum to Brown Unity Cir Imbiana Antonville Beauga uni Oriville Fuiak Utica Licking Vermillion Etc and Vanroo Trumbull Vernon female Vienna Trumbull Wakeman Warren Owaki Itten cot nity John Mccoy Mon ? g , a Roe Richland it Waynea Burgh Wayne William Rogers Rayneri Wrigh Stark Wayne female. Rachael babe Odt weat a Fiehl Tram Welch Hill looking Erim Naa Philipa Weli Fagton Wellsville Thomaa Heaton Western Reserve port Rev. John Monteith a College West Union Adams Westville Columbiana 8. Cope White Oak Brown Wilk Villi Orton Chapman Wui Ongel any Hoge Windham Deacon Kingsley Wooster and Millbrook Worthington Franklin or. Sumner West Gari Itle d. D. Rightnar wad Worth Medina Wea Fiehl Weldo i aware Hiram Gould Willwood to Gnu Rny Samuel Swayne Wii uhor. Morgan. D. B. Keyes wiling Nuiloa Clinton Tong town trnmh., Wilham h. Fit i a Neavie loft Tea olm a Troia Titan Peoria Illinois Ragister path area the following extract of a letter from Alton. Dated jute 14 a. A. F. Linder the celebrated sex at Lomey general of ii Noia was a reigned before Joet Ioe pin kaid a Friday m on a charge of attempting to shoot or. William harm a rape table citizen of that place and tenth whom acid Linder and family boarded. He Wea held to bed for Hia pee Renoe it court in the sum of $600. He has a yet been bomb into get bed and is now Rick in bed. So soon be be gels out the Constable will com not urn to the be Laboose. My 35 71 50 40 60 30 70 70 800 86 30 70 40 60 93 70 60 36 18 131 60 68 18 33 83 10 170 for the p/b7aftmropt�l. Conversation m j9etwem a Travesier and a tavern keeper on the first of Al gust. Traveller a glorious morning this in the West Lidies. A jump word Why what is going on there 7. Six Hundred thousand slaves freed to Day l. Is that sol 1 have seen nothing of it in the papers. 7. Yes it is so and they Are set free too by their own masters in the islands where they belong. A Well what Are they Ging to do with them now 7. Set them to work for wages i suppose. A what let them remain amongst them and not Send them to their own country 71 they not Only let them remain amongst them but give them All the rights and privileges of English citizens. Al. There will be bloody work there soon. The two races can to live together it is contrary to nature. There is a natured hatred planted in the bosoms of the Whites against the Blacks. I feel it and i believe every other Man does and it must be the same with the Blacks it will never do to let them be free amongst us. 7. A very talented Young kentuckian bom the son of a slaveholder has been to the West indies and spent six months for the purpose of witnessing the conduct of those who were freed four years ago. X. I am glad of that if he is a genuine kentuckian we shall know All about it. 7. Yes. He has returned and written a Book. X. Well i should like to it hold of it wonder the newspapers never said anything about it. I expect he sets the matter off. 7. He does that. He says the negroes behave better than they did when they were slaves that the White people Are More Safe that property has increased in value it that they work better and x. Its a did lie i done to believe a word on to a Nigger wont work without the whip. They hand to got the same ambition that a White Man has they will steal and Rob your Hen Roosis but they wont work. I reckon he will not go Back to Ken tuck again if he has written such a Book. 7 his Book appears to be True. He has in it die testimony of the planters themselves and also of lawyers and doctors and governors ministers o the gospel and of our consuls in the islands indisputably establishing the positions which he lays Down. The re is no doubt Bat that it will have great effect upon the people of Kentucky. X. What to let the niggers free a i hey have no right to do that unless they Send them out o the country. They will Rush Over Here in droves if Finay Aie turned Loose nil it once. They will be marrying our daughter so there will be nothing but amalgamation. Who wants to see the White and rack race All mixed up ill leave the country they Are set free Here. How would you like to Nave a Black wife 7. You have said so Many things that i scarcer know where to begin to answer you. In the a rat place however you will admit that if the peole of Kentucky wish their slaves emancipated the legislature have a right to do it x. No no i admit no such thing unless they Are sent out of the country they have no such right hey have got the niggers amongst them and Ley May keep them there. To Bui suppose they emancipate them and then Leep them Tiret. X. Keep them after they Are turned Loose it is Impi Ible 7. Emancipation is not taming them Loose. It is simply taking away from the master his right of property in the slave and giving it to the slave o that the master cannot sell him nor separate Lis family and it also supposes that the master will him wages for his labor As we do our labourers. X. Well All that is right enough. I am As much opposed to slavery As any body. Done to you link they would fill the country if they were set i Reet Why should they come Here do we love them so Well or Are we such warm friends to them or have they so Many relations Here that they will come Over to visit us or have we so Many vacant houses and so much unoccupied Laud that we should need them for our tenants or Are they so much More skilful workmen that we shall prefer their mechanism to the while free labor of the Morth or does the climate agree better with them or Are they better acquainted with our agriculture or what inducement can you think of that Shoi lift make them come Over Here but to answer you directly if they could remain quietly with their families they would Seldom leave their native country. They come Here now because the Laws of the slave states compel them to go somewhere gradual emancipation drives All As fast As they Are freed out of the country. Where can they go to but to the free states whereas if they were All freed at once there would be no necessity for driving of any. X. 1 would go in for Leraan citation if i thought it would be the Means of keeping the niggers at lome. 7. I presume that Many of those who arc in the free states would return to the slave states if emancipation were to take place i have often heard them say so. X. 1 suppose slavery must come to an end some time or other. It is the greatest curse that Ever was to any country but i want the slaves All sent Home to their own country. 71 there is not much doubt but that slavery will come to an end soon. Whether in mercy or lie�m�4� is be Nahum a. Abraham held slaves and Paul told servants to be obedient to their masters. If they stay in this country they ought to be slaves. I feel myself above a Nigger any How. If an abolitionist was to Tell me that i was no better than a Nigger i should be mighty Apt to Knock him Down. That meeting House that you passed Back apiece was guilt by an abolition preacher. The last time he came there he got egged mightily. The boys took his Carriage wheels of and rolled them into the Woods. He preached up that the Blacks were equal to the Whites. To i think you misunderstood him. No Intel Igent abolitionist supposes them to be equal. The Whites have much the most learning and Enterprise. They show More skill and cultivated Talent than the Blacks do they Are More ambitious to improve the country and educate their children. All abolitionists know that the Blacks have been brought rom a Heathen country and kept As ignorant As h>8sible Ever since they came Here shut out of schools colleges a lurches dec. Therefore they cannot in equal with the Whites. A to sat is my mind about it. 7. But the abolitionists believe that by cultivation and improvement the Blacks will be equal to the Whites that they can be As honest As religious and As intelligent that they Are men and Lave All the Powers and susceptibilities of men and they intend to treat them As men everywhere when they deserve it. A 1 will leave the country when that takes Ilace. Your horse is ready sir. 7. Would you not like to subscribe for a paper that is in Yovor of Freedom All these vile political papers Are opposed to it and if we patronize them they will before Long bring slavery into the ree states. The sooner we have Good ones in their places the better. X. Ill think about it though i cannot see Why they have put in nothing of this matter that you Lave been talking oif if it is so. Safter Riding on a few Miles i concluded to Stop write Down this conversation As an illustration of the pro slavery feeling of the americans. They Hale their Awn principles As is evident from every a observation. A Short time after this i fell newspaper articles abuse the friends of the slave now As a part of a regular system of measures. For a time the cause must labor under serious embarrassments Here from the Public odium which it has become necessary for party purposes to Heap upon it. The whigs and anti masons Are taking no intelligible ground on the subject. Of course their enemies will gain ground by their a Between itys policy. An Indian too honest to deceive instead of saying a a poor excuse is better than used to say in behalf of a lame apology a no excuse is better than none a but this will not hold in morals. A Zivo ground is Dedd Edli worse than none. Whenever an action is put Forth the Law of god Speaks something of it calling it right or wrong justifying or condemning accordingly. Every honest Man ought to do the same and it is As bad in policy As it is in ethics to take ones stand on the debatable ground Between slavery and Freedom though the latter Wear the odious name abolitionism. The friends of abstaining from the products of slave labor hold a convention Here on the 5th of september next. They Are anxious Yon should insert their Call in the philanthropist and invite their friends iii Ohio to co operate in the convention. I am Well persuaded that Good May he done to our cause by a fibres to introduce free labor Cotton sugar ect., into the country. One thing More. I find several of those who have been Active in our cause have changed their views on important topics of Faith and practice in religion amp a. Some of us Are deeply penetrated with the principles of peace. Others cannot Well endure that in Matrimony the husband should Rule Over the woman. Some who were once accounted orthodox have lost their belief in the atonement of Christ and some As they Trust have a gone on unto i wish you would be careful to inform the numerous readers of the philanthropist from time to time that none of these Are abolitionism for those modes of belief which attract the most attention and make the most noise though confined to a few May possibly give character to the whole body of abolitionists who thus come to be associated with them in the Public mind. I Rode into Baltimore with two slave holders a Louisi Anian and a virginian a and a slave who attended the latter. The former a rough Good natured amiable Man resides in Shatri Sonbergh on the Witchita River and had never seen a free state or an abolitionist before. He told us of two of his slaves who were shot for running away one dead the other through the breast. Says that overseers Are very often killed there that he would not live on a Plantation with slaves had sold All his but two and would not have More. He sold his wounded slave to the doctor who attended him for $400�?said he would have had him Tiung if he could have got him Home. But that would have Cost $150, and he said the state was paying but $300 for the slaves which it Hung a so he did better to sell i m at $400. He observed a hat Itwari Nghil to shoot the refractory As an example to others. The Norfolk Man who seemed not to have been born in a slave state reasoned better in behalf of slavery and seemed to feel worse. Each could see that the other reasoned very wrong on the subject. The hardest thing advanced by the Louisi Anian was a if slavery be condemned by the Bible Why do so Many practice it a my Only reply was Short Len to it always be a wonder in haste yours for the slave j. Blanchard. Day in company with two Meji to whom i mentioned the emancipation in the West indies. They a Nied most stoutly that there had been any emancipation there and said it was All made up by the abolitionists in order to produce excitement a they took the papers and if there had been any thing of it they would have known All about a letter. The following is a letter from a minister of the gospel in the m. E. Church in the state of Ohio in answer to one from his brother in the state of . Phil. For the . Letter from or. Blanchard. Phu Adelphia pa., aug. 17, 1838. Or. Bailot dear a try at your request i Send you a few things hastily noted Dawn which yet May interest some of your Reader and afford a Little variety to others. Friends in this City Are somewhat i will not say disheartened at the present aspect of the anti slavery cause. Its adversaries have lately broken Loose on All sides. They have contrived a vexatious Law Anil based upon a spurious claim and levied upon the ruins of the Pennsylvania Hall determined it seems to catch by Export in what they could not consume by fire. The committee on damages have yet to bring in their award. When that is done action will immediately be had respecting another Hall. There was a common Bruit through the City at the to me of the burning in the Mouths of multitudes who said a it was a pity the negroes had not been on the Hall and the quakers within this has roused the society of the orthodox friends to action. In hey see that their own lives As it were Are Lent them by the mob. The political opponents of gov. Riquier Are endeavouring to make him odious by proving him an abolitionist. Their hand bilis and scurrilous dear brother a i again take up my pen to make a few remarks on Yogi last letter. 1 will begin with negro slavery a which you say is a curse entailed on the Southern states by the British government when they were British subjects and from which they cannot now extricate themselves without breaking Down All distinction Between Black and White that to effect the entire Freedom of the negroes political civil and social rights must be equal and amalgamation free a a. Now 1 think you Are somewhat mistaken in your views of these things. 1st. Negro slavery was not entailed on Kentucky Tennessee Alabama Mississippi Louisiana Missouri or Arkansas by the British government. Each of these states could have prevented it at the formation of its Constitution so also could Congress have hindered their admission into the Union As slave holding As to their not being Able to extricate themselves from it now i will Only ask in this place if you think there will Ever be a better time As to the necessity of political civil and social rights As Well As natural rights All being free it is a mistake grounded on confounding All these rights together As fio Wing from the same source. Political rights the right of suffrage Are alienable they always have been and always will be the gift of the government with which the abolition of slavery has nothing to do one Way or the other. Social rights Are privileges of different classes or individuals of the Community which they can Grant to or withhold from other classes or individuals at pleasure and yet leave others to seek those privileges somewhere else. Natural rights the right of a Man to himself to his wife and children to the avails of his labor a right to worship god according to the dictates of his own conscience when and where and in what manner and As often As he pleases a right to seek his own happiness in whatever manner manner he thinks Best a right to go where he pleases and to Ilo As he pleases so As not to trespass on the rights of others and a right to enjoy All these rights in the country where he was born a Are inherent inalienable rights which belong equally to All men of every nation or color under heaven a lights with which no government Ever had or Ever can have any right to meddle. Therefore All Laws alienating infringing or in any Way meddling with any of these rights ought to be Ira mediately unconditionally and universally repealed. As to the danger of emancipation i think the danger is All on the Side of slavery. If this is not the Case what Means the nightly patrol the pistols under slaveholders head and All those severe Laws and military preparations with respect to negroes in the slave states As to amalgamation that that terrible bugbear of the abolitionist if it should be free that is As i understand you if there should be no Law against it Wou d it therefore follow As a certain consequence of emancipation i think net emancipation would greatly Lessen it let the almost continual in the South and the almost entire separation of 6 two races in to tribe states answer the question. If the slave children of the South were to follow the condition of their fathers instead of their mothers a process of gradual emancipation would be going on faster than Many Are aware of. Your views respecting die right of petition and Legi Lilion appear to be quite erroneous. You say that the right of petition is co extensive with the right to legislate but Congress has no right to free the slaves in the District of Columbia because the Legislatures of Virginia and Maryland had not the right and therefore could not Transfer it to Congress and that the Constitution of those states recognized negro slaves As a have the Constin unions of Tho i and 1 cannot find that recon or slavery is not contained in be known by those inhabitants were or whether Mong them of not. Q neither b slavery by the word of god nor by common Law Cones Quentlyn the right to hold men As property in the states of Virginia and Maryland was derived from the acts of their Legislatures and surely they had a right to repeal their own acts and to Transfer the same to Congress which was done when the Seq Sion of the District was made. Furt Lier you will find if you examine that slavery exists in the District of Columbia by an act of Congress and certainly Congress has a right to repeal its own acts. As for Colon no the negroes i object to that first because a is unjust every Man has As Good a right to stay in the country where he was born and be free and enjoy All the blessings of that country As any Man can have and the Blacks have As Good a right to colonize the Whites As the Whites have to colonize the Blacks. Secondly because it in impracticable. The government is not Able to perform the task in any reasonable time would it undertake it. Thirdly because it is impolitic it would take away nearly All the Labouring class from the South and nearly ruin the country. Fourthly it As dangerous there would be abundantly More danger from the negroes Livi on one Side of us in a body than from their being free among us under equal Laws. 1 come now to speak of abolitionists of Honry i think if you were better acquainted with them you would have a More favourable opinion. You Call them firebrands and meddlers in other men a business. It is to be hoped however that their fire is of the True kind and if they should ult. Mately set our whole country on fire with their principles that the fire will not consume any thing that is Worth saving. As to their being meddlers in other menus business i think if you would study the subject More closely you would alter your mind. We see slavery existing in the District of Columbia we see a grand slave Market in our Cape Tol we see the internal slave Trade carried on it our country to an alarming extent which is nearly if not quite equal in atrocity to the Afir can slav Trade we see one slave state after another added to the Union or by the cot Setir of Congress Monse. Quentlyn by the consent of the free states. Have we nothing to do with slavery further we so or hear almost continually of our fellow men wha have escaped from slavery sent Back again by the Aid of the free states while we hear of Many More finding no safety in this boasted land of Liberty flying to the dominions of a Monarch for Protection there to form a formidable auxiliary to our ancient. Enemy if we should again be involved in War with them. We see prejudice against the coloured Psi in the free As Well As in the slave states slitting him out from the Means of improving his mind and thereby bettering his condition. We see the spirit of slavery influencing our commercial cities our politicians and statesmen As Well in the North As in the South and thereby making War against the spirit of Liberty the Freedom of speech and of the press and the right of petition in so fearful a manner that no Man can be said to be truly Ftp a in our country. In View of these things we Aie led to the rational conclusion not Only that by keeping silence we Are guilty of our brokers blood bul that if slavery is not abolished our liberties will be lost. Further we see the spirit of slavery awfully contaminating the Church of god degrading the coloured Man in the House of that being in whose presence ail distinctions cease and persecuting Cik alumni rating censuring and in some instances expelling those who dare open their Mouths in behalf of those that Are ready to perish and have none to help them while Many Church members and ministers of the gospel Are Bolding slaves and others Are trying to defend it from the Bible and whole bodies resolving a that it is not a moral evil a and that too in a Church whose founder declared a slavery to be the most execrable of All shall we not strive to save our Church from this great sin our country from ruin and our brother from slavery nhe vilest that Ever saw the Sun we will now come to the conclusion of the whole matter. Slavery in these United states a the vilest that Ever saw the Sun a is a National sin introduced among us at first by the British government and continued by ourselves until the present Day. The sin of its introduction was theirs the sin of its continuance is ours. Had we As christians fifty years ago listened to a Wesley a Coke an Asbury and an Everett and Many others in the different churches and cont Mied the same course slavery would have Long since been banished from the Church. Nay had Congress and the Southern states and Legislatures attended to the voice of Rush. Jay Franklin and others o Ike principles and put Forth their energies to Are rest the mighty evil slavery would have Long since been banished from our otherwise Happy land and the effects of the struggle would Ere this time have passed away. But they did not do so and slavery has rolled Down to us through half a Century with All its accumulated evils and if we Are not Able to meet it now and arrest its Morreas what win our posterity do with it shall we Sta ,. A and appalled at the monster and let it Rush Down to our Poe Tenity with increased Power Unitt Tofor Helmns the and our otherwise Happy country in the Vitex of rum nay Ray brother rather let North and South unite to arrest its Progress let every the Christian and every honest Republican Ewy Patriot and cd Ery philanthropist unite in the Eon Teet and who a we shield ourselves from the shafts of Ca Luoma with the Armor of i Itoi Yanesa we will Arm pin selves with the Power of truth the spirit of Liberty and the in Sciples of just fee and humanity. Aril de with them weapons of 6$r holy Wari Aie Amist by the god of the Opp booed mad the for of a Public sentiment of the world. We win. By writing and Spring a a Oise subject themm whenever we have oppor Tennity convince the and the try of the of Aho Liali ing the evil and thus we will tiny the Mon Terua Suity it m the grave of infamy and have onry eee a Emy trom. Doit a it

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