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The Philanthropist (Newspaper) - November 27, 1838, Cincinnati, Ohio, a. A pm a a a a Jagd by a the to a captive committee of the Ohio state anti slavery society. A a a a a a r Quot 4i /. A. Gamaliel ba1lgt, jr., editor. We Are verily guilty concerning our brother a a therefore is this distress come upon us. Vol Uii i. No. 45. New series. Cincinnati tuesday november 37, 1838. The philanthropist published weekly by the anti slavery society a a. Corner of main sixth streets Cincinnati Ohio. James Boyle pulls Huff agent. A a. dollars and fifty cents in three doll Ais if not paid till the expiration of the year. Letters on business Bould be directed to the publishing agent those relating to the editorial department to the editor. In All cases Post paid. Communications. Per the philanthropist closing remarks on the forms of government. Or. Editor a my obligations to you Are duly appreciated for the readiness with which you have admitted my unpopular articles into the columns of your periodical. I commenced this discussion in the Hope that More influential pens might a enlisted to Stem that torrent which so generally threatens the destruction of american Liberty. But the signs of the times too a strongly indicate that the torrent will go on and perhaps nothing better can be done than for us to retire into prayerful silence and watch the motions of the storm. I am apprised by your editorial note at the Enid of my last article that even the editor of the philanthropist has to decline being my second in this enter prize then what coadjutor can i look for throughout the United states suffer me this once to speak through your columns in further explanation of my views and i shall forbear to solicit the attention of your readers any More to this obnoxious theme. I am no advocate for any other species of monarchy or aristocracy or. Editor than such As i find contained in the Constitution of the United states and i heartily wish that this Constitution in its essential principles May be perpetuated to the end of the world. Monarchies a is toe Rucies and democracies in their simple forms i regard As being alike destructive to the Liberty and happiness of Mankind and which of the three we ought most to a abhor a i shall not now inquire. The Wisdom of Ages has demonstrated that the simple elements designated by those names must be combined so As to form a compound government whereby one department of a corrupt race May be set As a Check upon another to keep the world in any tolerable degree of order. If a simple democracy were any better than a simple monarchy Pray what use is there in having a Senate of the United states what use is there in having a president possessing a veto Power whereby he can negative a legislative act of both houses of Congress is not this a species of monarchy the president May be removed in four years but the veto Power remains permanent and his successor can maintain it in undiminished Energy. The government of England is called a str Marr a anal Ferjet a i rare told by statesmen who understand the subject that the chief magistrate of the latter holds As much Power As that of the former and it cannot be de Mied that the people of England have the right of suffrage Are represented in the legislature and consequently have a voice in making the Laws by a which they arc governed. It is equally True that their personal rights Are protected by the government and they have the undisturbed enjoyment of life Liberty and the Pursuit of happiness. Now what hut prejudice and misapprehension can influence us to hate and condemn that government because it �3 called a monarchy and to adore our Ovva because we have Given it the empty and false name of a democracy my heresy or. Editor consists in believing that a monarchy which protects personal Liberty and maintains Public righteousness is better in the sight of heaven and of common sense than a democracy which enslaves it millions and violates the individual rights of humanity in the exercise of a. Sovereign popular majesty. I believe moreover that a Republican governor Royat like that of the United states is a privilege providentially granted that it is possible for any people by their wickedness to forfeit this privilege and that when they do so god has a right to take it away from them. This implies of course that the people have to inherent right of self government Independent of their creator and that h e has not Given the authority out of his hands to hold them responsible in their political and social capacity. If the people have an inherent sovereignty and an Independent right of self government it follows that no just authority would be violated if they should abolish the Constitution of the country tomorrow and proceed to govern themselves according to their own pleasure. A re the above statements admitted to be True if they Are Why should they be thought to constitute a delicate subject that it is dangerous to meddle with exactly because of a general unwilling Ness that the truth should come to Light and be Cleair understood lest our Devotion to certain idols should be disturbed which can Only he kept in countenance by being concealed or obscured under the shadows of error and deiusion7 it the above positions Are not True Why should there be an unwillingness to examine discuss and refute them for the same reason that the people of the South unwilling to discuss the subject of slavery and that is a secret conviction that their own favorite schemer and opinions cannot Bear Examina Tion. While a Republican people faithfully and practically own the almighty for their Sovereign they need no other do not All enlightened statesmen agree that general intelligence and virtue Are the main pillar of a Republic and what is this but saying in other words that the people must be virtually subject to the authority of divine Law and must bring this virtue into All their political operations otherwise their free institutions cannot be perpetuated they must own that god is their Sovereign and that they civilly and politically Are the subjects of his righteous administration. This is True republicanism and it is a very different thing from that democracy which by its proud claims of supreme and Independent majesty sets the essential Laws of heaven at Defiance. This spirit of democracy will destroy personal Liberty As e actually and speedily As any modification of tonarely or aristocracy under heaven. It will a unjust to a a a wring nations and a world of la eco no Mon App mess of the it. Channin., in his letter to the Hon. Henry Clay says a nations free Iii dilutions and secure a lasting Prosperity by crime. They the people of this nation should tremble when they look round on their country. Let them consider our unmeasured our unrighteous love of gain our unprincipled party spirit and our faithless and cruel wrongs towards the Indian race and can they help fearing that the cup of Wrath is filling for this people a now in regard to a your faithless and cruel wrongs towards the Indian race let the following question be fairly and honestly answered a from whom have the aborigines of this continent received the most unjust and cruel treatment from the monarchy of England or from the democracy of the United states England possesses the Northern part of the continent and has it equally in her Power to defraud the indians. If she has not done so not having the same a unmeasured unrighteous love of gain a shall we abhor that monarchy while we Admire this democracy and shout its Praise to the ends of the Earth again a fhe English monarchy listening to the voice of petition from the people has abolished slavery through the West India islands while our democracy has Laid All petitions against slavery on the table with contempt and maintains the slave Trade with All its horrors while its advocates mob men and women but houses destroy printing presses and labor zealously to perpetuate slavery to the end of time. Let it be Well considered that All a your faithless and cruel wrongs towards the Indian race and All our acts in establishing slavery and the slave Trade in the United states Are the acts and doings of the people themselves for they appointed the men who did these things sustained them in my their doings and still continue to sustain them. The whole responsibility therefore is on the Sovereign people and these things have been done by them in their regular exercise of self government. And now Tell me what monarchy or aristocracy upon the face of the Earth has done worse things than have been done by these legitimate operations of democracy have these republicans departed from their own principles not at All for their principles Are that the people have an inherent and inalienable right to self government that when representatives Are sustained by the people they Are sustained by a Sovereign majesty that is irresponsible and whose right thus to govern is never to be called in question. That it is not monarchy nor aristocracy but genuine Dyn Cracy which perpetuates the whole Energy of the american slave Trade is proved by the following extract from the Washington Globe As published in Zions watchman of the 29th of september a the Union of the democracy of the North and the planters of the South is the Bond of their Mutual safety. In the great contest Between the candidates for the chief magistracy nothing but this Unity of principle and action can secure them from a total defeat and this defeat while it endangers the rights of the democracy of the North will be followed by the necessity on the part of the South either of submitting to be robbed of its property or departing from the confederation. A close Alliance with the democracy at the North will insure the Ascendancy of those great print Fikiuo of Cun a right repose in safety. It is in the Halls of Congress and not in the Fields of the South the great Battle is to be fought and her institutions Are to be upheld or overthrown. Let her look to the proceedings of that body on the subject of slavery and then ask herself who it was that stood by her Side and put Back the raging flood of fanaticism was it not the democracy of the North was it not the friends of a Republican administration it is unnecessary to reply in the affirmative for the fact is known to thus we have it from High authority that slavery and the slave Trade in this country Are not fostered and perpetuated by any other principle or Power than the a the democracy of the North a and by the regular and legitimate action of a Republican those who Are opposed to slavery Are called federalists and aristocrats while its supporters Are the genuine democracy of the North in close Alliance with a a Republican admin stration which makes men women and children a chattels personal to All intents and purposes whatsoever a in the same number of a Tony a water Man i find my anti Republican heresy fully advanced and endorsed by abolitionists. A the Freedom of individual opinion the rights of the minority to their opinions the duty of restraining the tyranny of a majority by Law Are the grand principles of our operation. What Barrier is there against the Universal despotism of Public opinion in this country but individual Freedom who is to stand against it Here but the possessor of that lofty Independence if you yield this Point every thing will be swept beneath the popular now sir if a the rights of the minority Are to be secured a by Law against a the tyranny of a majority a against the Universal despotism of Public opinion a if in Short a individual Freedom is to be effectually protected so As not to �?~6e swept beneath the popular wave a i ask for no other monarchy and no other aristocracy. If it be possible for the action of a majority to be a a Hyra nuyt As above stated Pray what More than this can be found in monarchies and aristocracies if the Sovereign people can become tyrants there is As much necessity for their Power to be restrained by the authority of divine Law As that of Kings Sud emperors. In your 40th no., new series you say a party has never fastened its bands around us and we owe it no allegiance. The liberties the rights of a single citizen Are of More value in our eyes than the governorship of the state. Are the intrigues and excitements and demagogue ism and the Petty interests of party to prevent for Ever the discussion and settlement of questions so intimately connected with the very existence of our free institutions a what is a governing majority of this nation i ask but a a party a has not great care been taken for these Twenty five years that nothing be done a Divide the party a is it not possible for a Republican party to use As much in Trigue a demagogue ism a bribery and corruption to keep itself in Power As was Ever used by any emperor or order of nobility and if it shall do so must we regard the whole matter As being pure and holy because the government is not called a monarchy or an aristocracy but on the contrary is called the self government of the Sovereign people Amin the same no. Of the philanthropist you give us the closing part of senator Morris speech in which he said in the Senate of the United states a sir the doctrine contended for in this Case is the most High handed arbitrary and despotic that has Ever been advocated in the american Congress. Indeed nothing like it has been Clain fwd to i the prerogative of the most despotic Crown in Europe. Even there to put in practice what has been claimed Here As the Rio lit of the Senate would shake the throne of any Sovereign m that country. No people could be found there who would for a moment sub Mit to the degradation that they should not present their Humble petitions to even majesty now this a High handed arbitrary and despotic matter spoken of by the senator was the action of the Sovereign people themselves for they not Only formed that a american Congress a but they still sustain the same men in Power with As much eagerness As Ever notwithstanding All they have done against the right of petition. Such a thing we Are told a would shake the throne of any Sovereign in that a the people there would not for a moment submit to such then it follows that the throne of a monarchy is More easily shaken by the people than the despotism of a ruling party in Republican America. If so by what species of logic can it be made appear that Liberty is any Mare amply enjoy or any better secured in this country than it it in England it is not for a moment doubted that a Republican government is More desirable than any other when the it eople have intelligence and virtue enough practically to acknowledge and obey the Sovereign authority of god but when they claim supreme Power and inherent majesty for themselves and exercise a More a High handed arbitrary and despotic Sway than the monarchies of Europe their claim of having a government of distinguished and unparalleled Freedom is an empty a Deni Gogue ism a with which to flatter themselves and to deceive the balance of Mankind. The greatest and most valuable object of civil government is to protect the personal rights of All that every Man May be secure in the enjoyment of individual Liberty and happiness. The form of government which Best accomplishes this object and which provides most effectually for its perpetuity is the Best form of government in the world. To shout around an idol called political Liberty and inequality while personal rights lie prostrate and private happiness is bleeding at every pore is a species of democratic nonsense that ought never to be permitted to arise from under the ruins of the French revolution. It is my perfect conviction or. Editor that the ground which i occupy is Invulnerable and that the principles which i advocate Are essential to the permanency of the free and invaluable institutions of our country but As i appear to have no second in the United states and am regarded As an insulated and unsupported visionary i am willing to retire into silence and watch the operation of these popular delusions which Are threatening to sweep away the inheritance of civil Liberty from us and from our posterity. An Able writer in the state of new York who ranks among the most eminent Legal professional characters speaking of the a Texas conspiracy a says a i cannot now bring to my recollection in the history of the world so foul and abominable a conspiracy against the Laws of nations of civil society and the rights of Man As this nefarious combination of land speculators land pirates and Man steamers under the name of texan patriots pro Anft Imi Ivl bit afr-4n�hr Nbrr--th1r run try Atid in the midst of a people who boast of being highly intelligent and claim to be the friends of Law order Liberty and the rights of Man a from my inmost soul i sicken at the see a the War in Texas a Page 55. It is obvious that the abuse heaped upon the Indian race the establishment and enlargement of the slave Trade in America the Breeding of negroes for Sale and transportation the encouragement of mob Law in the North and Lynch Law in the South together with the combined efforts to obtain Texas As a vast slave Market in the West Are the acts and doings of those who profess to be the Best republicans and democrats of this nation. So far As the government acts it is supported by a Republican majority and if it should carry All the above measures into full operation and be sustained by such majority this would be a regular and legitimate operation of democracy in contradistinction from monarchy and aristocracy therefore As the first of these can promote tyranny in principle and in practice As effectually As either of the others i am at Tome loss to comprehend wherein consists its great pre Eminence. If a governing majority can be As regardless of human rights As any other modification of Power it is a Plain and undeniable conclusion that there is As much necessity to have constitutional provisions to guard against the tyranny of the Sovereign people As to guard against that of a King an emperor or a hereditary aristocracy. If we As a nation furnish the practical contradiction to All our professions which has been so Long in Progress we need not be surprised to find reflecting and observant men drawing the common sense conclusion that democracy is no such Blessing to Mankind As its advocates would fondly persuade them to imagine. By publishing this closing article or. Editor you will oblige me much., i am aware that its theme is More unpopular than even abolitionism itself. I do not ask you to endorse its sentiments. Let them stand As mine and on me be the responsibility. I court not the applause of a popular current that is sweeping away the liberties of my country and i wish my conscientious testimony against it to stand publicly recorded. Your sincere and constant Friend a. Shinn. Samuel a. Alley whom for the philanthropist. More kidnapping in Ohio. Or. Editor there was dwelling a few Days ago a family of Blacks in a Small log Cabin attached to another House in Peru township Delaware county Ohio. There were five two men the Mulla to wife of one of them and two children All smart. They were happier than they Ever were before. They had been slaves in Kentucky. The men Long ago had heard that a fall Are created free and they saw they had the form of humanity. They Felt themselves to be men a that they had a right to themselves a they had Good sense and Resolution enough also to attempt to recover this right and they made their escape. They turned their backs upon the land of violence and bondage upon our american Egypt and crossed the Ohio River never to them half so Beautiful before. They addressed themselves As Runyan would say of his Pilgrim of Canada the Black Many a land of Promise to him the land of Canaan. They Felt and made their Way sometimes by night and sometimes by Day Over Hills and through the Dales now in the forests and then by the Road Side and Tsotigh the Brambles like those of the Fox wond tear their flesh a Little yet they would serve to keep off the hounds in an catchers of Kentucky. They finally got to the Interior of Ohio to Peru. Here they called a halt to take breath and look around them a besides they Learned that Here lived some quakers a Nam so Sweet to the Man of color further there were abolitionists mortal foes to slavery. Here too they were greeted with smiles. They could shake the hands of White men. They looked at themselves they saw that they were not brutes As deemed and taken to be by slave holders but human beings a part and parcel of the great family of Man. In Peru at 4 of clock in the morning they heard not the blowing of the Horn to summon them from their Quarter to perform for others unrequited task. The Sun began to be Lovely to their sight. Formerly they loved the Moon much better. They had Little rest except at night and then she seemed gently and lovingly to shed her Light upon them when they were not cursed with the presence of their enemies their masters their Driver and their whips. But the Sun at his rising always found them it their tasks and arose upon their misery and they longed for his disappearance. But mow How changed he shined upon them As freemen he was now to them a Sun of glory a was now to them More than the Sun of Austerlitz to Bonaparte. But As to the married Man every enjoyment every exciting and delightful sensation brought along its Pang. His wife and children they were not Here to rejoice and enjoy Sweet Liberty with him. He and they were now separate and they were still in slavery. But can a a niggers feel can a a niggers love say the slaveholders and soul buyers when they separate men women and children so As Best to suit the Market. Yes they can god has not confined the Best affections of the soul to any particular color of the skin and claims these affections from All his intelligent creatures. This Man loved his wife and children and Laid his plans to obtain their Liberty though in the execution he ran a most eminent risk of losing his own. Saving the earnings of some months of Industry he secretly returned to Kentucky. The details of this dangerous expedition into the enemies territory of the Midnight excursion there of the suppressed excitement of a few dear friends let into the secret their Hopes and fears of the whispering consultations and death like silence of the exploits performed and of the escape effected a the details cannot now be Given. The wife and children were recovered to their husband and father. Say husband a father White Mam would you not do so too he brought his family a few weeks since to Peru and there for a while and till the night of the 17th october they All enjoyed Sweet Liberty together intending soon to leave for Canada the Bondman a Only real Hope and resting place. Is he not Safe in free Ohio no and when was Ohio free never it is a Mere race ground Between the slave states and Canada a Between the land of violence and oppression and the land of Liberty and All its High ways and by ways Are so Many courses entered and scoured and run aver by the slaveholders and their hirelings to run Down seize and Kidnap either Bond or free White or Black men to them but of Little difference. Ohio has no sovereignty no Independence such As Southron claim and enjoy. She iat Bat a Hind of hand maid to the South Ami wishing to do her duties Well she loves and serves and obey. And the legislature of the great state of Ohio takes no Steps to dissolve the connexion to redeem its disgraced character. As to the Case before us on the morning of the 17th instant a stranger was passing from House to House in the Neil boyhood of this family of Blacks endeavouring to Purchase hogs but was careful not to buy. This stranger it afterwards appeared belonged to Ohio. During the Day he and three kentuckians from Mason county were in the town of Delaware and secretly employed a Man his horses and Waggon to assist them in the abduction of this family of Blacks. This hired tan Catcher is a member in regular standing of the methodist episcopal Church in Delaware. At night As he was about starting on this unholy expedition he revealed his business to a brother member who resided under the same roof and who in principle is an abolitionist. This brother cautioned warned and entreated him to desist but All to do purpose. He could for a few piece of Silver Lay hands on hrs fellow immortals cast them into hopeless slavery but could not be warned for the love of Christ he should be tried in the Church cries a brother member. Not at All dear Man Why should he be tried he May have violated the Law of Ohio the Law of conscience and Christian Precept but not the present spirit and principles of his Church. Slavery is now the grand order of the Day in the methodist e. Church. Look Reader at the resolutions of their conferences either North or South or West. Our heroes started some time after dark and the five most or All of them armed arrived at the scene of operations about 9 of clock at night. The Ohio stranger the hog pure baser had got All necessary information and the gang darted like lightning into the room of this Black family. The men were away. The women and her children were seized in an instant thrust into this christians ? ? Waggon and in a moment of time borne away. Her shrieks piercing the air became most terrific. At this time in the House adjoining there were two men members of a Quaker family that lived there they blew their Horn and made a rally but quite too late. The neighbourhood however mustered in considerable Force and gave Chase during the latter part of the night but lost the track and some of them came to Delaware. Here in the. Morning they procured a warrant under the statute against kidnapping and again pursued with a Constable there being no qualified sheriff. At Jefferson on the National Road in Madison co., the Constable with what Force he had came up with the gang except the Church member who had been previously discharged. The hog purchaser was a citizen of this Phree and son in Law to the tavern keeper where the kentuckians stopped. They All seemed to feel quite at Home and quite Safe. They openly avowed anti acknowledged every step in the whole transaction said the owned the two men net taken but not the women and children letter from j. O Adams. Messes. Isaac l. Hedge Elihu Hobart. Seth Sprague or. And Quincy oct. 27, 1838. Gentlemen a the nomination of so Large and respectable a portion of the twelfth congressional District of Massachusetts As those whom you represent is the More gratefully received and accepted because accompanied with their declared approbation of the general course which i have hitherto pursued As the representative of the District in the House of representatives of the United states. If there was in the councils of the nation one representative of the people of this Union bound by More unyielding ties than All the rest to adhere to to the self evident truth of the declaration of Independence and to defend them alike through direct assault and Prevar Cating Compromise it was the member who held his seat by the Confidence of the sons of Pilgrim fathers. It was the social covenant of the May Flower that taught the first practical lessons of equal human rights and Laid the Only just foundations of government in the Mutual pledge of Faith. Could the sons of those whose feet alighted on the Plymouth Rock have been represented by one who would listen and nod assent to the axiom that Freedom lives Only by suction from the blood of the slave he would not Only have disgraced his parentage but must and would have been disavowed by every Freeman of the District of whatever party bearing one drop of Pilgrim blood in his veins. In the unhappy diversities of opinion prevailing among our fellow citizens at this time it affords me Consolation and encouragement to observe that upon this subject there appears to be among my constituents of this District a great and cheering unanimity of sentiment. All adhere to the right of the people not Only to petition and remonstrate to their representatives and Rule is but to the duty of those representatives and rulers to listen to their complaints to read and consider their petitions and to answer them not always indeed with compliance but always with argument Concession and with kindness. I have not heard of one Freeman of this District who considered the duty of a legislative Assembly to the sacred right of petition fulfilled by receiving and then refusing to read or consider the complaints or remonstrances of the people. Wheresoever and with whomsoever this distinction originated it is no fruit from the Blossom of the May Flower. The Freedom of thought the Freedom of the press the Freedom of speech for yourselves the Freedom of debate for your re presen tat i ves a with inexpressible pleasure i say appear to be equally dear to All of my constituents of the twelfth congressional District. I Hope and Trust in god they will never give their Confidence to or Trust As their representative any Man prepared to surrender them to the oppressors wrong or to sink them in the political Kennel of party discipline. Against the iniquitous and most pernicious project of annexing Trie new slave Ridden Republic of Texas to this Union the opinion and the feeling of the whole people of this District appear equally Are the instigation to a War with Mexico More congenial to the moral principle or the Public policy of any one of my constituents. I congratulate you and them that these imminent dangers have passed away. Amicable negotiation with Mexico is resumed and precisely at the same time the texan proposal to join our Union a Texas with her Mountain Load of con Itu ted slavery upon her Back is withdrawn a we never hear of its renewal whether with moloch or mammon in his train i regret that i am not enabled to indulge with equal Confidence the Hope that the right of petition and the Freedom of debate smothered As they have been for nearly three years in the legislative Halls of the nation will be restored in All their plenitude and All their purity. Slavery shrinks and will shrink from the Eye of Day. Northern subservience to Southern dictation is the Price paid if have one and the same origin and Are one Issue the a fretting in eternal Bon chains of your Southern countrymen of descent. J should the people of the twelfth District of Massachusetts again see fit to me As their Sentinel on the watch Tolver of the nation they will not expect from me consent acquiescence or Compromise with the system or any of its parts. Unyielding hostility against it is with every pulsation of my heart. Against it feeble and Meff Iciano As the last of a failing voice May be shall still be while the Power of utterance still remains shall never cease till the Pitcher shall be at the Fountain the dust was and the spirit unto god who _ Lam with grateful sentiments to Quot whom you represent for the renewed of your and their Confidence gentlemen your Friend and fellow citizen John Quincy Adams. National labourers and free labourers in strict parlance it is Only those who labor upon the Public works and Are paid by the Public or those who labor for nothing who can be called National labourers. The individual operatives who labor for individuals Are As Independent and often much More so than those who employ them. All our great Public works have been carried on and completed chiefly by foreigners and aliens. The ill used elastic minded irishman driven by oppression from his native Home is become the worlds renovator. He is found everywhere where there is hard labor to perform and never grumbles in the performance of it. The plodding patient German too prefers to break up the soil of Liberty rather than Bend his stubborn neck to Feudal Vassalage and second hand tyranny in his own father land. But the greater part of our sex ports Are the production of our National out casts of the Laws the disowned and a nationalized the patient and Uno fending negro whom Many very a honorable rain1 esteem As unworthy of Legal proc Eton. Shall it Ever be so must the White Man Ever remain a the oppressor Over every Shade of color but his own shall that knowledge which m the Power be forever exerted a for evil Only and that continually a what answer will the Hindoo the Indian the african or the australasian give to this question ? they Are a his labourers whenever he can enthral or subdue them by fraud or Force. Slave labor is without doubt the Dearest of All labor and therefore the More it is extended the poorer a nation must become. The manner also a a which forced labor is performed will evince its inferiority we need but Liefje acquaintance with slave states to be convinced of this. A i believe says a modern author that the results of All experience both with us and every climate and Conn try where a fair trial has been made is that the labor of slaves cannot compete with the labor of freemen. The principal support of the value of slaves in our Union is for the production of sugar entirely owing to the great Premium Given by Congress in the duty on foreign sugar which acts As a Premium on slavery. Take off that duty and the probabilities would be that a slave would not be Worth More than from forty to fifty dollars instead of from five to six Hundred dollars the present Price and the Trade of Breeding them for Sale As cattle would finish and bring their value within the abilities of the people to emancipate them As the British have done in their colonies. It is in vain to conceal the daily increasing risk from the existence of slavery besides the rapidly increasing disgrace and degradation of a people pretending to be free and tolerating Persona Sla very which obloquy must become greater by the diffusion of knowledge and All that the world has to fear Wuthe Progress of uni vessel emancipation is from the ignorance of the Emancia Northern administration for Southern support Ipa ted. Soil support by Fher sgt Cio this i Awanee therefore a Hough they took the latter because they knew the owner in Mason co., but did not pretend to have any authority from him nor any advertisement. The pursuers were threatened that they should be mobbed by the citizens if the least attempt at arrest was made. The kentuckians held a secret consultation with the Constable and he came out quite persuade that the poor woman wanted to go Back to Kentucky. The woman and children were seen by the pursuers in Jefferson and spoken to. She dared to make no Repov hut shed abundance of tears. The pursuers have returned Home and Fife East Ivy a to their bondage. R Delaware october 22d, 1838. Frages the men who have trickled to Southern domination a and their representatives have not been shamed out of the distinction Between refusing to receive and refusing to read a petition. I believe it is impossible that this total subversion of every principle of Liberty should be much longer submitted to by the people of the free slates of this Union. But their Fate is in their own hands. If they choose to be represented by slaves they will find servility enough to represent and betray them. 1 have seen with pleasure that even among the most decided supporters of the present administration there have been Here and there one who revised to sacrifice his own rights and those of his constituents to the shrine of party idolatry. These however have been solitary exceptions the spirit of True Freedom is pot yet sufficiently awake and while she slumbers All the vigils of the Waterman will be in vain. The suspension of the right of petition the suppression of the Freedom of debate the thirst for the annexation of Texas the car whoop of two successive presidents of the United states against Mexico Are All but varied symptoms of a deadly disease seated in the marrow of our Bones a and that deadly disease is slavery. The Union will fall before it or it will fall before the Union. The abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia or in the territory of Florida the prohibition of internal piracy Between the states the refusal to admit another slave contaminated state into the Union Are All partial ineffective Plai eters for the great elemental evil. A they will but skin and film the ulcer us part while rank corruption mining All within infect i believe it important that the inhabitants of the twelfth congressional District of Massachusetts should be forewarned that during the 2gth Congress the whole system of policy of the executive administration of the government of this Union and a All its prominent measures foreign and Domestic will be a they have been and now Are to support strengthen and perpetuate the Peculiar institutions of the South. The extermination of the Indian race the Wras Tefol dilapidation of the Public lands the deadly hostility to internal improvement the insidious crippling of Domestic Industry the Ridick Loiis imposture of an exclusive metallic currency for the revenues and expenditures of the nation the enormous increase of a standing army and the simultaneous slanders upon the Navy and its Gai the minister of the gospel who does not expose the sin of slavery is unfaithful to his Trust and is dealing deceitfully with those under his care. It May appear the apparent policy of the slaveholder to reconcile the slave to his condition will eventually prove his greatest evil As emancipation must come and then the master would be glad to find his equal in Law and right As he must be his associate his equal in knowledge. The lowest of labourers the Meriest slave the Echante and scholar the Rich and the poor equally understand All matters that relate to human Liberty. The science or Art of government is another subject which it requires much study and skill to understand to explain to put in operation. Here lies the danger of having the majority ignorant where the majority Rule As Rule they must where there is perfect Liberty. The labourer feels that be has a right to enjoy unmolested All the fruits of his labor but one labourer has no More right than another to this class the caste that would dominate Over another class let them be called by what name they May Are aristocratic in principle. True democracy consists in the free and fearless admixture of All classes. The danger of All associations is that the strength elicited May be abused by the poor and ignorant As Hiu Kas by the wealth and Wise and a Lynching mob government we All know would be worse than the most abused autocracy. Hie greatest enemies of labourers individual or National Are those who would Divide them into castes who would involve them in the party squabbles of the Day Between the North and the South who would muzzle and Puzzle them with sectional prejudices and abstract speculations on government. The path of the Plain Artisan in defence or furtherance of his rights is a Plain path and easily lighted. He Mav be dazzled by a Glare that promises him too much and lose himself in the train of a violent Leader or partisan when he should Only travel in company with his Best Friend experience. An uneducated labourer has in general better More a elevated Concep Tiong of human rights and of human duties rights which Are denied him duties which he is compelled to perform than the most accomplished tyrant or slaveholder the most intellectual and humane. 1 a habit of unabridged command destroys obliterates All sends of Equality of rights. Hereditary right is no right at All in the estimation of republicans. What then is hereditary labor White Man in any situation considers he has a right to the Fabor of others a twi flank foe or Reward a lie will naturally Endeavor to defend and maintain that Lault officers the sycophantic courtship of the a e-1 right. It is unjust by Force to deprive him of it. Iho Cracy of numbers and the rancorous i stiga convince him he is wrong and Yon disarm him lion of labor Gamst capital to the summary jus of his Best defence for no Man who Battle so Nee of Lynching a All these ways and Means of Well for gain Only As for his rights and gain Northern administration with Southern principles also. Indiscreet advocates of the Nat Wal la

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