The Philanthropist in Cincinnati, Ohio
4 Mar 1836

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The Philanthropist in Cincinnati, Ohio
4 Mar 1836

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The Philanthropist (Newspaper) - March 4, 1836, Cincinnati, OhioAve Vivily Coilty our evil us Oak Lirot Iier a a Lieret Brck is Liis Dut Vess come upon us. Epitome Alfil pm,0 friet0ii. New Richmond Ohio fit my March u 1830. Number 10. The ph11.a1�thropi8t a a a a i1� Puiri Misaki a we Kilt at new Richmond Clermont co., Ohio. Terms. Two dollars per amu in always payable m Anra Sce. All letters and communications must be Post paid and should be directed to the editor of the philanthropist. Names of the counties particularly should be mentioned in a rec tire where papers Are to be sent. An making one Square or a space of equal length and breadth will be inserted three times for one Dollar. Slave holders department. Calhoun a report in the Senate sch. 4, 1836. Or Colht nor made the following report a tie select committee to to of we referred that a of the Prem Enfa wage hmm related to tie attempts to Eire lede through Ike oi7, a Tiff film Mccrory appeals to excite the slaves to Vitsur Keetion tube tried the four thing a the committee fully concur with the president Asip Type character and tendency of the papers which have been attempted to be circulated in the South through the mail and participate with him in Tho indignant regret which he expresses at conduct so i destructive of the peace and Harmony of the country and so repugnant to the Constitution and the dictates of humanity and religion. They also Colbur in the Iio the that if the Strong tone of disapprobation a which these unconstitutional and wicked attempts have called Forth does not arrest Herd. The non slave hurtling states will be prompt to exercise their Power to supprv88 Rhein As far As their authority extends. But while the agree with the president is to the evil and its highly , and the necessity of arrest iii it they a a viable to assent to the measure of a Ress be recommends that Congress hib iting under severe penalty incendiary publications through to instigate the slaves to insurrection. After the most careful and deliberate investigation they have been constrained to adopt tie conclusion that Congress has not the Power to pass such m Law that it would be in i Pooton of one of the most sacred provisions of the Constitution and subversive of reserved Powers essential to the preservation of the Domestic institutions of the sly pc holding states and with them their peace and Security. Concurring As they do with the president in the magnitude of the evil and the Ned sity of it would have been the cause of principle not Only overthrow the sedition act but was the leading cause of the great political revolution which in 1801, brought the Republic Aii party or Jefferson at its head into Power. W Atli these remarks the committee will turn to the sedition act in order to show the identity in principle Between it and the act which the message recommends to be passed As far As it relates to the for Dom of the press. Among its other provisions it inflicted punishment on All persons who should publish any false scandalous or malicious w rating against tie government with intent to defame the same or bring it into context up or disrepute. Assuming this provision to be unconstitutional As abridging the Freedom of the press which no one now doubts it will not be difficult to show that if instead of inflicting punishment for Public skiing the act had inflicted punishment for circulating through the mail for the same offence it Tould have been equally unconstitutional. The one would have abridged the Freedom of the press As effectually As the other. The object of publishing is circulation Aud to prohibit circulation is in Efio act to prohibit publication. They both have a common object the communication of sentiments and opinions to the Public and the prohibition of one May As effectually suppress such As the prohibition of the other and of course would As effectually interfere with the Freedom of the press and be equally unconstitutional. But to understand More fully the extent of the control which the right of prohibiting circulation through the mail would give to the government of the. Press it must be borne in mind that the Power of Congress Over the Post office Aud the mail is an exclusive Power. It must also be remembered trial sary for their Security we Ith unlimited Means of carrying them into effect except such As May he expressly exhibited to tie states by the Constitution. To establish the truth of this position so essential to the safety of those states it w Ould seem sufficient to a Appeal to their constant exercise of this right at All times without restriction or quest Ion both before and since the adoption of the constr i Tion. But of a Point of so much importance which May involve their safety if not the existence itself of an entire Section of the Union it will be proper to Trace it to its origin in order to place it on a More immovable foundation. That the states which form our Federal Union Are Sovereign and Independent com unities Boti fid together b de Arate exercised unquestionable. The compact itself expressly by it has already been stated that the states which to. So strongly drawn is the line Between the two compose our Federal Union Are Sovereign and inde in consequence of it and so strengthened by the pendent coins unities United by a constitutional Force of habit and education that it is impossible compact. Among its a members the Laws of nations air them to exist together in the same Community j u of Quot where their numbers Are so nearly equal As in the modified by the compact and of course the states slave holding states under any other relation than possess with that Csc Pinion. All the rights and arc a that which now exists. Social and political equal subject to All the duties which separate and distinct to Between them is impossible. No Power on Earth communities possess or to which they Are subject can overcome the difficulty. The cames resisting among these Are comi it re hended the obligation which he too deep in the principles of our a re to be sural states Are under to prevent their citizens from my United. But without such Equality to change disturbing the peace or endangering the Security of the present condition of the african race were it other states and m Case of being disturbed or in possible would be but to change the form of slavery angered the right of tic latter to demand of the it would make them the slaves of the Community former to adopt such measures As will prevent i hair instead of the slaves of individuals with less re. It iii their limits should he permitted to continue in their changed Vides that All Powers not delegated Are referred to j the rights of tiie slave holding states Are As full to condition within the limits of those slates. They the Stales and the people. To ascertain to ten Wyeth demand of the states within whose limits and Juris would look to tie other states for support and pro or the Power in question is delegated or reserved it a diction their peace Isri sailed a a a a is Only necessary to. Ascertain whether it is to he necessary to prevent the same found among the enumerated Powers or of. A to adopt measures the Ciori and would become virtually their allies. And if refused or Anil dependants and would thus place in the hands a a if it neglected to resort to Means to protect themselves it of those states the most effectual instrument to de be not among them it belongs of course to there i As if they were separate and Independent Coli Init i Siroy tie influence and control the destiny of the sen cd Powers. On turning to the constr Antii a it cities. I rest of the Union. Will be seen that while the Power of defending the j those states on the other hand arc not Only Uii it is against this relation Between the two races country against external danger i found among the derail the Obligin ions which Independent coi Muni that the Blind and criminal Zeal of the abolitionists ennui elated the instrument is wholly silent As to j ties would he to adopt such measures hut also in is directed a relation that now preserves in quiet the Power of defending the internal peace and Secu id Ertho obligation which the Constitution super adds and Security More than 6,500,000 human beings Rit of the states and of course reserves to the j rendered More sacred if possible by the fact that and which cannot he destroyed without destroying states tins important Power As it stood before the j while the Union imposes restrictions on the right of a the peace and Prosperity of nearly half the states of adoption of the Constitution with no other limit the slave holding states to defend themselves it af-1 the Union and involving their entire population in a tons As has been slated except such As Are express Fords Tho medium thru High which their peace and so deadly conflict that must tei a by prescribed by the instrument itself. From what curits the same provision extends to packets boats or other vessels on Natvig irillie Waters. Like what papers Snail by mail would Subjo this essential right without which their. Index que Trio so but come it most unless Quot the Stati s Deuce could not he preserved that it is expressly what set it duty it is to suppress the danger shall see in that the general gov time its magnitude and the obligations which they even in ease of do Laro under to adopt speedy and effectual measures to the application of the arrest its furl it Progress. That the full of acc of or what shall not be transmitted authorities of the state itself thus , by a this obligation May he understood by All parties the Bijoc press on necessary consequence its interference in All other committee propose in conclusion to Mich briefly on a a pcs. The movements of the abolitionists with the View of having now shown that it belongs to the a slave to jul Ivy a a 11. Iiri Inifi 1 and 11 if Linnic Vafai in. O to to enforce the provisions of a sedition Law w hich and govern ment where the Freedom of the press is concerned. From to lice remarks it must be apparent that to a a on one a a a its suppression it worm Nave been tie cause de the the committee if they thought the difference of opinion As to the right of Congress 6xt>erieiice has shown Are not Law a is passive Gilld deprive the slave holding states of any por w Illing Inspru rents in the hands of govern ii Tipo of tiie Protection which us measure recommended by the president was intended to afford them. A on the contrary they believe Adl the protect. Tion intended May he of lorded according to the tries they take of the Power of Congress without infringing on any provision of the Constitution on one Side or the reserved rights of the states on the committee with these preliminary remarks will now proceed to establish the positions which they have assumed beginning with the first that All subjects political Morni religious completely to its will and pleasure it would inj.2 ,. In some respects More effectually control the free i a Olding Siatt whose institutions Are in danger and Dom of the press than any sedition Law however not to Congress As is suppose cd by the message to severe its penalties. The mandate of the govern-1"determine w Het papers Are incendiary Anu i Merit alone would be sufficient to close the door j to excite insurrection among the slaves it re la fins against circulation through the mail and thus at its to enquire in the next place w hat Are the Corres sole Prill and pleasure might intercept All comm pending duties of the general government and the Nica Tion Between the press and the people while it other states from within w Hose i iraqis and Juristic would require the intervention of courts and juries Tion their institutions Are attacked a subject iii # .<�?�<111. It Nam 4<p�.in<nh<.<rt. Pm. a a a i a i mately connected with that with we hich the commit tee Are immediately charged Aud Wirich at the present juncture ought to be fully understood by All the parties. Tie committee w ill begin with the first. It May not be entirety useless to premise that prohibit publication on one Side Aud circulation rights and duties Are reciprocal the existence of a through to in mail on the other of any paper on ac-1 right always implying the corresponding duty. Of a a a. I 1j 1 1 a. I Rii ii stir ii ii it 1 i4lin<�?Ti. t it it. A. Quot met. # Ltd it in in i uni a dint .1 i. M. 1 the passage of a Law would be a violation of an express provision of the Constitution. A in the Date cution of this Point the committee do not deem it necessary to enquire whether the right to pass such a Law can be derived from the Power to establish Post offices and Post roads or from the Trust a of preserving the relation created by the con Sti tuition Between Sie states a As supposed by the president. However ingenious or plausible the arguments May be by which it May be attempted to derive the right from these or any other sources they must fall Short of their object. The jealous spirit of Liberty which character fixed our ancestors at the period when the Constitution was adopted forever closed the door by which the right might be implied from any of the granted Powers or any other source if there any Ether. The committee refer to the amended article of the Constitution which among other things provides that Congress shall uses no Law which shall abridge the Liberty of the pro Flo a provision which interposes As will be count of its religious moral or political character rests on the same principle and that each is equally an abridgement of the Freedom of the press and a violation of the Constitution. It would indeed have been but a poor Triumph for tie cause of Liberty in tie mrea contest of 1799, had the sedition Law been put Down on principles that would have left Congress free to suppress the circulation through the Ccu sequently the right to protect her internal peace and Security belongs to a slate the general government is bound to respect the in Easudes adopted by her for that purpose and to co operate i their exc culion As far As its delegated Powers May admit or the measure Luuy require. Thus in the present Case the save holding slates having the unquestionable right to pass Alt such As May be necessary showing the dangerous consequence to which they must Lead if not Ait osted. To Beni Jiro fessed object is the Errian Patien slaves in the s Uther states which they propose to a or plish the agr nay of organized so dict iii in read non slaveholder to states a and a Pov l press directed mainly to excite in the other states hatred Anu a Thorrence 11-r�trcuitl by Oon Nilsi oms Xiii Xvi a old devastate the country burst Sihu Lertch Bonds of the Union and Ingulf in a sea of blood the institutions of the country. It is madness to suppose that the slave holding slates would quietly a submit to be sacrificed. Every consideration interest duty and humanity the love of country the sense of wrong haired of oppressors and treacherous and faithless confederates and finally despair would impel them to the most daring and desperate resistance in defence of property family country Liberty and existence. Hut wicked and cruel As is the end aimed at it is fully equalled by the criminality of the Means by which it is proposed to he Gocr it my lashed. These Asba been stated consist in organized societies and a powerful press directed mainly with a View against the institution and citizens of the to behold Ito Cecil the bitterest animosity and hatred of the mail of the very pm cations which that odious act i to maintain the existing relation Between master and was intended to prohibit fhe authors of that me slave in slates their right of course to pro morale achievement would have had but slender Hibit the circulation of any publication or any i claims on tie gratitude of posterity if their Victor a a ter course calculated to disturb or destroy that rela Over the encroachment of Power had been left so in Tion is incontrovertible. In the execution of Lueas perfect. I ures which May be adopt d by the states for this it will after what said require but few purpose the Powers of Congress Oyer the mail and remarks to show that the same principle which applied to the sedition Law would apply equally to a of regulating Commerce with foreign ii nations Oelwein the states May require co operation on the a punishing by Congress such incendiary Public part of the general government and it is bound in a. 1. .1 _ or conformity to the principle established to respect the Laws of the states in their exercise and so to modify its acts As not Only not to violate Thost of the Here firer shown an insuperable objection to the measure recommended by the president. That tie True meaning of this provision May be fully comprehended. As bearing on the Point under consideration it will be necessary to recur briefly to the history of the adoption of the Constitution. It is Well known that great opposition was made to the adoption of the Constitution. It was acknowledged on All hands at the time that the old confederation from its weakness had failed and that something must be done to save the country from anarchy and convulsion yet so High was the spirit of Liberty so jealous were our ancestors of that Day of Power that the utmost efforts were necessary utter All the then existing pressure to obtain the assent of the states to the ratification of the Constitution. Among the Many objections to its adoption none were More successfully urged than the absence of those to Naira so oils a Biclie experience shown to be necessary to guard the out works of Liberty such As the Freedom of. The press and of spa cd the rights of conscience of trial by jury and others of like character. It was the belief of those jealous and watchful guardians of Liberty who viewed the adoption of the Constitution with so much apprehension that All these sacred barriers without some positive provision to protect them would by the Power of construction be undermined and pros rated. So Strong was this apprehension that it was impossible to obtain a ratification of the instrument in Many of the states without accompanying it with the recommendation to incorporate in the Constitution various articles As amendments intended to remove this defect and guard a inst the danger apprehended by placing these important rights beyond the possible encroachment of con Giess. One of the most important of these is that which stands at the head of the list of amended articles and which among other things As has been stated prohibits the passage of any Law abridging the Freedom of the press and which left that important Barrier 3gaintdoweiunder the exclusive authority an control of the states a that it was the object of this provision it to place the Freedom of the press beyond the possible interference of Congress is a doctrine not now advanced for the first time. It is the ground taken and so ably sustained by or. Madison in his celebrated report to the a it Regima legislature in 1799, against the Ali it n and sedition Law and which conclusively settled the principle that Congress has no right in any form or in any manner to interfere with tiie Fri Dom of the press a Tho establishment of this it article in in the following words a cons to shall make no Law re Spertino an it Blish moist of or Livion or cations As Are re termed to in the message and of course to the passage of a Law prohibiting their transmission through the mail. The principle Cri. Which the sedition act was Coli defined As unions i states but As far As Praet doable to co operate iii Tuti Onai was a general one and not limited their execution. The pm Tice of the Golem Merit application to that act. It to withdraws from Congress i has been in conformity to these views All right of interference with the press in any form by the act of the �8th of february 1803, entitled or shape whatever and the sedition Law was put j a on act to prevent the importation of certain per Down As unconstitutional not because it prohibited sons into certain states a where by the Laws of those publications against the government but because it i states their importation is prohibited masters or interfered at All with the press. The of any publication on the ground of its being immoral irreligious or intended to excite rebellion or insurrection w buld have been equally unconstitutional and from parity of reason the suppression of their circulation through the mail would be no less 80. A but As conclusive As these reasons arc against the right there Are others no less so derived from the Powers reserved to the states which the committee will next proceed to consider. message As has been stated that Congress should pass a Law to punish the transmission through the. Mail of incendiary publications intended to instigate the slaves to insurrection. It of course assumes for ingress a right to determine what papers Are incendiary and intended to excite insurrection. The question then is has Congress such a Rigel la a question of vital importance to the slave Ding states As will appear in the course of the examining this question Witlip due deliberation in All its bearings the committee Are of opinion not Only that Congress has not the right but to admit it w Ould be fatal to those states. Nothing is More Clear than that the admission of the right on the part of Congress to determine what papers Are incendiary and As such to prohibit their circulation through the mail,.necessarily involves the right to determine what Are nol incendiary Aud to enforce .1 1 1 ? i to. 1 m4>.<iii�?~b n i�.,Nia 4 a a Ltd captains of ships or vessels Are forbidden under severe penalty a to import or bring or cause to be imported or brought any negro Orin Latto or person of color not being a native or citizen or registered Seaman of the United states or seamen natives of countries beyond the Cape of Good Hope into any port or place Wlinich shall be situated in any stale which by Law has prohibited or shall prohibit the admission or importation of such negro mulatto or other person of this provision Speaks for itself and requires no illustration it is recommends i a ease in Point and fully embraces the principle Laid Down. To tie same effect is the act of 25tii of february 1799, respecting quarantine and health Laws w hich As belonging to the internal police of the states stand on the sumo ground. The act among other things a directs the collectors and All Oiler Revenue officers the masters and Crew of the Revenue Cullers and the military officers in come and on the station to co operate faithfully in the execution of the quarantine and other restrictions which health lats of the state May the principles embraced by these acts in Ila Tion to the coi Mereial inter Enorse of the country Are equally applicable to the Intercourse by Wail. A a Here May ind Etil be iii Ort difficulty in co operating with the states in the latter than in the former but that cannot possibly affect the principle regarding it then As established hotly by reason and precedents the committees in conformity with it ing states by addresses in clutch Ami pictorial representations abounding in false and exaggerated statements. If Tho magnitude of the mischief affords in any degree the measure by which to judge of the criminality of a project few have Ever been devised to be compared with the present whether the end be regarded or tic. My a a but a which it is proposed to be accomplished. The blinds of fanaticism is . With More Zeal than under stamping it Roii stantly Mischou Clivos the nature of tie object at which it Aims and towards which it rushes with headlong violence regardless of the Miami by which it is to be effected. Never was its character More fully Exi than in the present instance. Setting out with the abstract principle that slavery is an evil the Lanai Al zealots come at once to the conclusion that it their duty to abolish it. Regain less of All tie disa yrs which must Fediow. Never was conclusion More a Fol Sec dangerous. Admitting to boil Assur option there Are Timu Mckible things which regarded in tie abstract Are evils but which it would be madness to attempt i abolish. Thus Reg fired government itself is an evil with most of its institutions intended to protect life and property comprehend tug the civil As Well As the criminal and military codes which Are tolerated Only because to Ai Irlish them would be to increase instead of Diu to Ishing the Eil. The reason is equally applicable to the Case under consideration to illustrate which a few remarks on slave re As it att rally exists in the Southern states will be nuces.,Ary. Fly who regards slavery in these states. Simply Umlor that relation of master and slave As important As Haj relation is. Viewed As a question of property 10 tie slave holding Section of the Ninn. Has a very imperfect Conception of the institution Aud the impossibility of abolishing it without disasters unexampled in the history of the world. To understand its nature and importance full it must be people of the Don Slavich lying states against the Citie Zens and institutions of the slave holding states. It is easy to see to what disastrous results such Means must tend. Passing Over the More of vistas effects their tendency to excite to insurrection and Servile War with All its horrors and the necessity which such tendency must impose on the slay Ehold intr Ain ipsa a. to the most rigid disc pure and severe police to it Grren a Nunry Crane prestent condition of the slaves a there Reni Ains another threatening incalculable mischief to tha country. The inevitable tendency of the Means to which the awol iii lists have sorted to affect their object must if persisted in end in completely alienating the two great sections of the uni i. The incessant action of hundreds of societies and a vast printing establishment throwing out Day Ite thousands of Aeiful Aud Moln amatory Public inns. Must make in Lime a deep impression on the Section of the Union where they freely circulate and Are mainly designed to have effect. The Well informed and thoughtful May hold them in contempt but the Young the inexperienced. The ignorant and the thoughtless will receive the Poison. In process of time when f the number of proselytes is sufficiently multiplied a the artful and profligate who Are on the watch to v seize of any Means however wicked and dangerous will unite with the fanatics and make their move ments the basis of a pow Worful political party that will seek advancement by diffusing As widely As possible hatred against the slave holding states. But. As hatred begets hatred and animosity animosity these feelings would become reciprocal till every Vestigo of attachment w Ould cease to exist Helleon the two sections a Weir to a a Ion and Tho the offspring of Ruutel affection and confide nce. Would forever perish. Such is the danger to which the movements of the abolitionists expose the Cou Iury. If the for of the obligation is in proportion to the magnitude of borne in mind that slavery As it exists in the South i the danger stronger cannot be imposed than is at Ern states including under the Southern All the present on the Stales within whose limits the Dan Ger originates to arrest its further Progress a duty they owe not Only to the states whose institutions Are assailed but to the Union and Constitution As has been shown and. It May be added to them f elves. The sober and considerate portions of citizens of the non slave holding states who have a deep stake in the existing institutions of the country would have Little forecast not to see that the assaults w hich Are now directed against the institutions of the Southern slates May be very easily directed against those which uphold their own proper a very slight modification of tie their circulation. A or is it less certain that to and have prepared a Bill and directed Iligir chairman to. Mitsuchi a right w Ould be virtually to clothe con report the same to the Senate Proli biting under tui Gross with the Power to abolish slavery by giving penalty of Fino and Dis Mission from office and dope it the Means of breaking Down ail the b Arrilis which. To Post Masir in any suite territory or District. The slave holding states have erected for the Prolic from know Igny receiving and putting into the mail Tion of their lives and property. It would give con any letter ,, paper or pictorial rep Gress without regard to the prohibition Laws of the presentation Furj do to any Post office or person in states the authority to open the Gates to the flood of incendiary publications w hich Are ready to break into those states and to punish All who dare resist As criminals. Fortunately co Grep has no such right. The internal peace and Security of the states Are under the Protection of the states themselves to the entire exclusion of All authority and control on the part of Congress it belongs to them and not to Congress to determine w hat is or is not calculated to disturb their peace and Security and of course in the Case under consideration it lie Longs to the slave holding states to determine w hat is incendiary and intended to incite to insurrection and to adopt such defensive measures As May be Neces prohibiting the free exercise thereof or Abrid Idun the Freedom of speech or of tic press or the right of tic people peaceably to Osic Mulc a und to i coition tic Jroy Ern ment for a or Daciw of person u state territory. Or District Ivy the Laws of we hich the circulation of the same is forbidden and also prohibiting under a like penalty any Deputy Post Viaster in said state territory or District from knowingly delivering Tho same oct it to such persons As May be authorized to receive them by the civil authority of said state Terri Ory or remains next to enquire Iulo Tho duly of Tho states from within whose limits and jurisdiction the internal peace and Security of the slave holding states Are endangered. In order to comprehend More fully the nature and extent of their duty it will be necessary to make a few remarks on the relations Wlinich exist Between the states of the Federal Union with the rights and obligations reciprocally resulting front such relations. Slave owing states involves not Only the relation of master and slave hut also the social and political relations of two races of nearly equal numbers from different quarters of Abe Globe Aud the most opposite of All others in every particular that distinguishes one race of men from another. Emancipation would destroy these relations would divest the masters of their property and subvert the relation social and political that has existed Between the races from almost the 4irst settlement of the Sou them states. It is not the intention of the committee to dwell to and Security on the pecuniary aspect of this Vircil subject the arguments used against 1116 which sus vast amount of property involved equal at least to twin the property and Security of the South would fsu0.5o, the ruin of families and individuals make them equally effectual against the institutions the impoverishment and prostration of an entire Sec of the North including banking in which so vast an of the Ninn and Trio fatal blow that would be amount of its property and capital is invested. It to the productions of tic great agricultural w Ould be Well for those in Tere sted to reflect whet Fier Staples on which the Commerce the , the there now exists or Ever iras existed a w Walthy and manufactures and the Revenue of the country Al civilized Community in which one portion did not most entirely depend. As great As these disasters live on the labor of another and whether the form would he Thuv Are nothing compared to what must in which slave re exists in the South is not but one Ollow the iii Iversion of tie existing relation be modification of this Universal condition and final Iween the two races to which the comic Iuele will in whether any other under All the circumstances confine their remarks. Of the Case is More defensible or stands on stronger under this relation the two races Divac Long lived grounds of necessity. It is time to look these Quee in peace and Prosperity and if not disturbed would icons in the those who Are inter Etea re Long continue so to live. Pm Lilethe race member that labor is tie Only source of wealth and has rapidly inc eased in wealth and numbers and at Bow Small a portion of it in All old and civilized the same time Jias maintained an Canali Tafat least countries even the Best governed is left to those by in Onelly and intellectually with their Brethren of whose labor wealth is created. Let them also re the non slave holding states the african race has Fleet How Little volition or Agency the operatives of Milti phed with Jot less rapidity accompanied by any country have in the que stick of its Distri Smion , a As Little with afew exceptions As the african of Tion Given great improvement physically and Inte and the enjoyment of a degree of Comfort with the slave holding states has in the distribution of the which the inf ring class in few Emin tries can com proceeds of his labor. Nor is it less oppressive pare and confessedly greatly Superior to what the that in the one ease it is effected by the Stern and free it Copen of the same race possess in the non powerful will of the government and in tiie other slave holding slates. It Ray a indeed be safely a by the More feeble and flexible Wilt of a master ser cd that there is no example in history in which if one he an evil so is the other i he Only differ a Savage people such As their ancestors were a vice Enneis the amount and male of exaction and Distri by into the country have Eer advanced in Tho hut Ron and the Agency by which they Are effected same Peri Oil so rapidly in numbers and improve _ a mu., prohibiting Deputy postmasters from receive to destroy the existing relation would he to de stray Lii s Prosperity and to place the two races in a state of conflict which must end in the extirpation of one or the other. To other can be Fern toil rib Ouirl a. Fiji iii Sci uni of the fort ii . Suhs tinted. 4-Ompalible with their Pence can or a Tun ing or transmitting through the mail to any state territory or District certain papers therein Man toned the circulation if of which by the Laws it of said state ,-0f a to prohibited and Ftp Roth a Pirp a

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