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The Philanthropist (Newspaper) - June 10, 1836, Cincinnati, OhioVolume 1, Cincinnati Ohio Friday june 10, 1836, number us the pu11.anthropist rebus had we Kilt at Cincinnati Ohio. A by the Ohio 8tatb Afti-8lavkay society. Pts him King Litomy Corner f seventh and main St terms two Douan per annul always payable xxx not Altce. Letters and communications on business of the office should be directed to avid a St a Wattles. Those relating to the editorial department to the editor of the Hilara Cropiot in All cases Post paid. Name a of counties should be particularly mentioned in giving directions for sending the paper. An advertisement making one a it Iuar or less will be inserted Throe times for one Dollar. Slaveholders department the regular readers of the philanthropist will re member that in a former no. 15 there was published an account taken from the Clinton Gazette of the proceedings of a town meeting held to consider and adopt the most elective measures for the extermination of abolitionists and their measures. We now give below taken also from the Clinton Gazette a the doings of a larger meeting held in the same place for the same purpose a few Days afterwards. Clinton is a Village in Hinds county miss., Centre or chief town of one of the most Fertile and healthful regions in the state a and although it is not More than 40 or 45 Miles from Vicksburg where the reign of terror was introduced by the open murder of five american citizens a yet is it considered and we doubt not very to Perly As among the Foremost in the state for wealth refinement education intelligence amp a. The editor of this paper has a personal acquaintance with several of those whose names Are attached to the document below. With one of them who from certain turgid peculiarities in the style of the document be supposes was the author of it a he Practised at the bar in Alabama for Many years on terms of the most uninterrupted Friendship and Idt Macyl the character of this gentleman then was that of an orderly upright and peaceful citizen. He was More than was usual industrious in his professional pursuits and was thought to have in Bis moral composition but Little of that blood thirst Ness which it is presumed Lias been considered within tie last ten months a necessary qualification for aspiring to the Honor of a seat in a slave holding a vigilance we would not say that the same Descry a Tion would be Alt pc. Gei Liui tip a it cake to tse est of Risem who Are known to us excepting one who a taking out a few months or a year or two at most during which time he was a member of a Church a has always been since he attained manhood one of the Small Fry political pugilist and Dirk knife and pistol Cavaliers of the South. The same remark May justly he made in reference to the character of Hirany of those who constituted the notable a vigilante committee for Limo Stone county in lab Imu Genera by speaking they belonged to the Moat reputable and orderly class of the ebmmunity., a Large pro onion if not a majority of them were members of churches. Yet did they giving an example which the a respectable Gentry of Clinton and its Vicinity have not been slow to follow Nablus kingly from the very midst of an american population proclaim to the world that wherever they could Lay hands on a certain class of their fellow citizens they would imprison beat Scourge Totire and pot them to death without regard to Law and without judge or jury except in so far As these heretofore necessary agents in the administration of Justice were provided for in the chairman of a vigilance committe and his merciless band of blood stained lie tors. Now if slavery produces in such men As some spoken of in the foregoing remarks so entire a perversion of Correct feeling As to Lead them to imitate the most hateful system of peonage Over their neighbors if it leads them to the open plunder of the National mail to tramp upon All the most solemn in recognised and most Sac redly secured rights of others of their fallow citizens to beat and Scourge and hang not Only their own slaves but remm like themselves is it not time that every american begin to examine whether Savery shall be maintained at the unavoidable expense of All it pm Al a a or at the expense of i Avery we ask All solemnly to Ponder this subject. It is one that Calls for Lioa on the part of those who Art yet free. It is our own belief if Sutmary be permitted to grow for the next ten years As it has for the atm ten that li5-erty to the great majority of us will be Only in our the fii5stofice of it will have been swallowed by the slaveholders of the South and their a wealthy confederates at the North t / from Ike Cundon Gazette an and mounted meeting of the citizens of Clinton a nad4ieinity, was held at the Baptist and Presby 1 Church in the town of Clinton on saturday 01 Stember 1835. The chairman being absent Laj. J. H. Norton was called to the chair. The meeting being called to order the committee appointed at a former meeting made their report thro Tigh their chairman Thomas Harney Esq. Which on motion was unanimously received and with slight amendments was adopted unanimously except the 4th and 10th resolutions to which there were but three dissenting voices. T he report and resolutions a amended and adopted Are As follows a undersigned a Intel a committee at a meeting of the citizens of Clinton and Vas Unity on saturday the ult., to report by Resolution or otherwise the views and feelings of this Community in relation to the perilous Ana Iima Pector movements now going Forward in various parts of the Union for the abolition of elves have taken the sub Jet under serious consideration and have Honor to state that in their opinion there is Good reason to Deli Etc that the most awful crisis has Arisen in our Public affairs which has ctr marked our history As a nation. Tho tact cannot longer be concealed and the undersigned do not feel at Liberty to dissemble in reference to it that a Large number of individuals Are now associated in the North and elsewhere for the purpose of perpetrating the most violent encroachments upon those Peculiar rights of property existing in the South and whose exemption Flora interference has been solemnly guaranteed by our National Constitution and not Only is it designed by those unprincipled fanatics who Are concerned in these movements to encroach by legislative action upon the interest of the South but they Are most evidently resolved if necessary to accomplish their nefarious object by blood and carnage. A Brief statement of a few leading and striking facts will make what is Here said perfectly Manifest. The anniversary of the american anti slavery society has recently been held in the cite of new York the proceedings of which body disclosed schemes of warfare upon the South almost incredible for their atrocity and boldness. It was declared by that body that no valid right of property could exist in human beings. It was resolved to memorialize Congress to abolish slavery forthwith in the District of Columbia thus accumulating the material of insurrection and bloodshed in the very heart of the slave Region. It was further resolve to memorialize All the Legislatures of the slave states on the subject to memorialize the French government with a View to the procurement of Immediato abolition in All the French possessions in or hemisphere. It was resolved in addition to establish in every part of the Union and especially in the slave slates of the South and West auxiliary anti slavery societies and newspapers devoted to the furtherance of the cause of immediate Bohhon it was resolved to raise $30,000 for the expenditures of the society during the present year and the sum of $14,000 was raised upon the spot. Already Are there in the various states of the confederacy 250 auxiliary societies and a great number of newspapers engaged in urging the principles of the abolitionists of which four Are established in the City of new York and a countless Host of emissaries have been sent out to disseminate them for the purpose of diffusing the spirit of this society amidst our population. At this very moment tracts Are in circulation among us of the most dangerous and inf amatory character and indeed every mail comes loaded with these diabolical products of fanatical fare nov. The undersigned will mention one of them entitled the a rights of Many in which individuals and societies Are asked to pledge themselves to distribute a certain number of these incendiary publications regularly and systematically. It is stated in the a Emancipatory that thousands had associated in different parts of the country to obtain the Freedom of slaves but that Pride indolence the love of popularity Public sentiment sordid interests slave holders and All their bettors Are league against them and Are to no All die arts of flattery fraud and Force to entice and drive them from their stand. The Filion Rizig extract from a speech of the Rev. Or. Dickey of Ohio delivered atan antislavery meeting at Pittsburg ift cited As developing still More strikingly the character and object of their association a a our plan said he is to undo the heavy Burden and let the oppressed go free. Wherever it has been tried it has worked Well. I speak experimentally on this subject. Look at Mexico at the West indies at St Domingo St Domingo cries one starting Smik with horror. A but i say Apin it worked Well in St. Domingo a a a a a let opposes take warning in addition to these facts the undersigned would observe that every mail brings fresh intelligence of an in parallel excitement existing throughout the whole Northern portion of the confederacy upon this subject. Large assemblages of the people of that Region Are continually occurring at which addresses Are men of High oratorical Powers and most outrageous Zeal a Zeal it seems to the undersigned bordering on madness and resolutions Are adopted manifesting a determined intention at All hazards to violate the rights of the South and Engolph a if necessary to the fell design of the abolition leaders in All the horrors of a Servile War. On the other Side of the Atlantic or. Of Connell the celebrated Irish agitator has announced himself to the world As the Champion of the slaves of this country and is sending Forth continual streams of ill digested and delusive rhetoric with a View to promote the desired combustion. The undersigned in considering these tilings dispassionately have come to the conclusion that it would be absolute madness for tiie South and the West Lon a to slumber Over their interests. Adm Nahed especially by the perils from which this Community has but lately escaped nothing but the most unprecedented Fatu Ity could con be from our View the fact that the Southern and Western portions of this confederacy Are at this moment in the most imminent t danger and that nothing can save a from turmoil and carnage but the most Active and unc casing vigilance. It is foreign from tiie duty of this committee to attempt a justification of slavery. Were it necessary however the task in their opinion would not be difficult. Besides the sex Klimt Reorg option of slavery by inspired writers As evidenced in the Bible there is to be found in the Biages of contemporaneous profane writers conclusive proof of its Universal prevalence in some form or another throughout the jewish the Gentile the Christian and the Pagan world. The refined humanity and the purer philosophy of the present age have not in substance changed the condition of our species. While the false philosophy and hypocritical philanthropy of Europe Are canting the Syren song of Universal emancipation it is a tact which cannot be disguised that slavery though variously modified exists in Ever kingdom and Princl polity of Europe. Denmark has her boo if Sweden her Iron la Russia her mrs a England and France their Vaz Saki forms of slavery which disguise it As they May Are not less vigorous less subversive of tiie equal rights of Man than the species of slavery existing in this country. But the committee will not pursue this Branch of the subject tidied More Sera Pul doubly Obsen redi the imbibition than the South. And yet it is a fact which in the opinion of the committee can be proved that within the last Twenty years a Ere have been citizens of wealth and respect ability in new England who for traffic alone have furnished their ships and their Wealti. With which Tol violate that imbibition and the plighted Faith of this nation. In new York Connecticut Rhode Island and other states while their forests were a subdued to the culture of Man and slave labor was deemed necessary and in table slavery was not altogether so frightful a monster As abolition philanthropy has recently discovered. A Ier sordid interests has been Subserve the mighty Oak has bowed his head the foist has been cleared and rendered profitable for a dense population the Mariner has revelled amidst the shrieks of unchained africans the capitalist has surcharged his Rith the traffic in african blood and an in coffers with lire country has discovered that slavery can admin Ster to Inie Resi no longer then and not till then has any portion of the present non slave holding states discovered that slavery Isa sin and Mustoe abolished even at the expense of our dear bought Union. The undersigned will not Ai in nip to prove the unqualified right which each state has to the institution of slavery and the sex drive right which in her own limits of continuing notify log or abolishing that institution. These inseparable rights cannot nay they dare not be denied. And yet upon what principle except the denial of these rights do the abolitionists presume to predicate their doctrines the undersigned have All due regard for the virtue and intelligence of their Northern Brethren. They do not believe that As yet the contagion of abolition is incurable. But from the rape Progress of the malady in the non slave holding states for a few months past the committee Fina an Assurance that unless it be speedily checked the Days of this Republic Are numbered. The treacherous cry of peace peace when there in no peace has hitherto lulled to silence the confiding South. In the opinion of the committee the crisis demands an explicit declaration to the North that if they desire a Cootie Nance of the Union and a commercial Intercourse with us they met suppress this fatal treason of their citizens. If the people of any state desire the abolition of slavery they will and they ought to effect it Bat let them beware Bow they dictate such abolition to other states. The. Slave states understand their constitutional rights and they know How to exercise and How to defend them. The undersigned will not condescend to reason with fanatics of any denomination whatever. But they will not treat As altogether insignificant a subject of such a character As that of abolition so Long As the leading politicians and statesmen of the North seem to remain quiet on the subject. For while the tinder sied have much Reliance upon the virtue and intelligence of the Northern people and Are reluctant even to distrust their leading statesmen they cannot longer Pardon their apathy and indifference in not at once quelling the coming storm. Let their Public sentiments and their leading politicians All speak out in language that cannot be misunderstood. Let the virtuous and intelligent speak ont in the voice of Thunder to that fanatical band. Let know and feel while plotting treason Wutoh is at least virtually countenanced by our Northern confederates that the slave states will not longer continue their commercial Intercourse with them. Let them know a a and feel that such a measure however disastrous it May be to our Mutual interests will be the inevitable consequence of a perseverance in their mad career. The undersigned feel confident that slavery throughout the South and West is not Felt As an Eril moral or political but it is recognized with reference to the actual and not to any utopian condition of our slaves As a blew it sing both to master and slave that Umfer the in Lenoe of this system some of our Western forests like those of new England have been reduced to cultivation cities towns and villages have sprang up As if by magic the whole country has become overspread with a Happy and enlightened and enterprising race of men. Under this system the arts have eminently flourished. Science his been sue Cess fully cultivated Commerce in All her ramifications has brim cherished hand promoted. It is not True As is fool tidily Imp ined by these fanatical disturber a of the Public repose that slavery is an ev<7, even to those who Are subject to it in the Southern and Western slates. But in truth the condition of our negroes a infinitely More comfortable than that of the poor working class of the North. They Are More contented More exempt from care and Harra sment of every kind and More abundantly supplied with the necessaries of life and would evidently suffer serious detriment by an Exchange of condition i a them. Why then this eternal uproar about the poor slaves of the South Why this mad crusade against the quiet Aud repose Quot of the Southern people a Why this absurd and cruel attempts to engage an ignorant Raee in dangers that at the present moment should be carefully watched and All suspicious persons parking through the country with int satisfactory testimonials of Good moral character should be prevented from having the slightest common Eatton with our slaves. 5. Resolved Liat in the event of a continuance of the present unprincipled operations at the North a a pint the sacred rights of property and our Domestic peace and safety we would hold it expedient and do rett Ommund to our fellow citizens to have no commercial Intercourse whatever with the infected Region a. Resolved that we do rec Amend to our amp allow citizens of the South in general the Immo Diale formation of committees of vigilance and Mac in every Village and Dwigh boyhood in order to decry and counteract the earliest movements of these enemies to our happiness and social quiet. 7. Resolved that among the citizens of most of the non slave holding state genuine philanthropy will find ample Range for its exertions amidst the thou mods of dependent and enslaved of Theis a stories and a Lack land Tenanty of a bloated . 8. Resolved that the respective states containing abolition societies and Public Prestes whose efforts Are extended to the state of Miami Strippi and the town of Clinton in particular Are in the opinion of this meeting hereby held responsible for All the discontent oppression cruelty stripes and carnage which will be inevitably consequent unless speedily arrested upon their fanatical movements. 9. Resh de that we recommend to the citizens of Mississippi to encourage the cause of the american Goi a fixation society so Long As in Good Isiah it concentrates its energies alone to the free people of color out of the United states. 10. Resolved that the clergy of Quot the state of Misais a pfc be hereby recommended at once to take a stand upon this subject and that their Furt Iier silence in relation thereto at this crisis will in our opinion be subject to serious censure. On motion of Thomas Harney the following resolutions were ded. 1 i. Resolved that any of Congress emancipating the slaves in the District of Columbia will be perilous to the decime action the question then recurred on tiie adoption of fhe second preamble and Resolution a on which question the yeas and nays were ordered the name of or. Adams Haxhi been called he be and said a a i hold this Resolution to be a Viola Rose Tion of the Constitution of the United states of the rules of this House and of the rights of inf these words were pronounced amidst very Ond cries for order. Fligl Blains opinion of the Elfleeta of slavery we copy the of lowing eloquent extract from the speech of or Faulkner in the debate on Ida very in the Virginia Legi Amature in 1832. It a a bold Frank and honorable avowal of the turpitude of such Ely from one who Alidea in its very midst and whose testimony therefore is entitled to credit As that of an Eye wit ideas. It proves too that however you Berners May it Nice their real sentiments on a bisect it True cd Era tor is Felt and acknowledged even Amr nig themselves. Without further comment we ask for it the candid perusal of our readers. Franklin Freeman a. Faulk Xea raid a sir i am gratified to Pei Erive that no gentleman has yet risen in this Ball the avowed advocate of slavery. The Day has g me by who such voice could be listened to with patience or even forbearance. I even regret sir that we should find one among us who enters the lists As its apologist except a the ground of Incont Rolante needs sir. If there be one who concurs with the gentleman Itom Brunswick or. Ghol son in the harmless Diar Acter this institution let me request him to compare the con Ditico of the slave holding portion of the common we the Barren desolate and seared As it were by the avenging band of heaven with the descriptions which we have of the same country from those who first Bitae its Virgin soil. To what is this change Ascribable alone to the withering and blasting effects of slavery. If this does not satisfy him let a request him to extend his travels to the Northern states of this Union and beg my to contrast the by up iii a and pursue whether slavery which has become Iden with the municipal condition of the Southon states be abstract in right or wrong is a Point which cannot without endangering our Union be contested by any of the non slav Kolding states it existed Anterior to the Kinion. It was inti lately blended in the very existence of nearly All the 13 colonies. Great Britain our Mother country proffered her ships and her Enterprise to transport from their native soil the ancestors of our Staves. The Northern states where this Hydra abolition is now piously rearing his head and laughingly brandishing Bis implements of death were not less backward proffering their ships and their Enterprise while they could satiate their wonted cupidity to increase and to rivet upon a our african population. When great Britian by her National policy imbibed the african slave Trade and recommended Ite imbibition to the civilized world none More readily approx cd or Stabilit Jef this Union and that any such on tiie part of the Federal government will be regarded As conclusive proof of a determined and Jhc concerted plan i r attacking the vital interest of the Southern and South Watera states in wresting from them the institution of slavery Over Wimch Congress has no control 12. Resolved that we decidedly a probate the Manly stand taken by m. M. Noah editor of the new Yak e vening Stai and other Northern Era tors in defense of Southern interests in vindicating our rights against abolition fanatics. On motion of j. B. Morgan 13. Resold cd that we Muhly approve of the course pursued by the Post masters at be w York and Charleston in boldly and fearlessly withholding from circulation abolition tracts and papers by refusing to deliver them or transmit them by mail from their offices. 14 resolved that this Board do earnestly a commend to the Post master at Clinton a duo exercise of that discretionary Power tacitly concealed to my in the communication from the Post master general and entreat him to exert it in withholding from circulation such a Etters papers ac., As he May ascertain or Bava sufficient reason to believe to have manat of from the press or pen of an abolitionist or amalgam tor and deliver them Only to the committee of vigilance and safety to undergo their scrutiny and Al de the Fate of Timeir decision. 15. Resolved that a committee of Nineteen persons be appointed consisting of the following gentlemen a James s. Montgomery b. W. Edwards h. G. Johnston Gideon Fitz i. R. Nicholson h. 8. Foote j. B. Morgan j. Mclain a. Hutchison r. H. Buckner c Mead John h. Norton f. A. Johns Raymond Robertson James Mcraven Thomas Horney we. M. Rives s. W Dukson and r. G. Davenport to constitute a committee of vigilance for the town of Clinton and Ita Vicinity any seven of whom to com statute a quorum. On motion of j. Bledsoe removed that the proceedings of this meeting be published in the Clinton Gazette and All other papers whose cd Miu Are open to similar proceedings. Resolved that the chairman and Secretary sign the proceedings. The meeting adjourn and sine die. John h. Norton chairman. Geo. H. Gadav Secretary must inevitably tighten Fetters whose pressure they do not now feel consume thousands in a hopeless straggle in an object Wahidi if attained they Koukl not be Able to appreciate and drag them Down from that station of contented Felicity where they now repose to a condition fraught with a thousand evils Wimch Lang Mige is too feeble successfully to Poutray that there Are among us cruel and Ijar Tanicala owners of slaves the committee will Readdy admit but they Are few indeed and their cruelty and tyranny Are More effectually Dis countenanced and Seii oily deprecated by the great mass of our slave owners As Well As condemned by our Legal regulations than by the hypocritical ranting and Crocodile tears of these abolition fanatics a impressed with a sincere conviction that the motives of the leading abolitionist a Are anti Republican anti<<hr�8tian, and in the highest degree atrocious that their objects Are shockingly unholy and fiendish that their evident aim however incompetent they May be to attain it is to drench the Southern states in mood ravage them with fire and Scourge them with discord and commotion the undersigned do in ammend the a Dicio a of the following resolutions to wit a a 1. Resolved that we behold with deep Abhorrence and indignation the movements now in Progress in severed states of this confederacy with a View of Efi actuating the immediate abolition of slavery in the Soutsi Era and South Beetem portion of the Union that we hold these movements to be indicative of undisguised enmity to the vital interests of the South and Smith West and that we Wilt resist them in any drape and form Wimch they assume by the employment of All our energies a disk Al and moral for their counteraction. 2. Resolved that it is our denied opinion that any individual who dares to circulate with a View to effectuate the Des is Mihe abolitionists any of tiie incendiary tracts or newspapers now in a course of transmission to this country is justly worthy in the sight of god and. Man of immediate death and we doubt not that such would be the punishment of any such Ufi Ender in any part of the state of Miami Strippi where he May be found. 3. Resolved that we would regard the establishment of an abolition newspaper among us As a direct attempt to imperil the lives and fortunes of the whole population and that it will be the duty of every Good Tizen to break up by any Meana that May be pece stary every such nefarious design. 4. Resolved that it is our Ltd it Union that the movements of every stranger from the North who May come among us Cort it ibo it which prevails throughout the country the Busy and cheerful sound of Industry the Raj cd and swelling growth of their of Tiona the Means and Tiona of education their skill and Prefi Cimet in tiie useful arts their Enterprise and is brie spin it tiie Monu me Teof their pm Nemual and manufacturing Industry and above a it their devoted attachment to the government from which they drive their Protection with the it amp vision discontent Indol be and poverty of the soot Iem Oon try. To what or a All this Ascribable to that vice in the cd a animation of society by which one half of its inhabitants Are arrayed in interest Aud feeling against tire other half to that unfortunate state of society in Wimch free men regard labor As distr fun and slaves shrink Firon Rit As a Burden tyrannical by imposed upon them to that condition of things in we half a million of your population can feel no empathy with the society and in tha Prosperity of wbk they Are Forfar Dan to participate no attachment to a government at whose Hanf ii they Receiva nothing but Indus the a abolition of slavery. House of represent Alvea. The chair pronounced his Titt vision on the Pant of order raise on yesterday in reference to the vote on the first Resolution reported by the select committee on the Sumet of the abolition of the decision Iamb Stone was that the decision of que on after the Call for the previous question was recorded by the House could not be arrested by the refusal of any member to vote Anc that a in question of excusing any member or members from voting most be Settle Aper the decision on the main question had been announced. The chair was proceeding accordingly to Ann Oungre the decision on the vote of Yeste Day when or. Whittlesey of Ohio appealed from the decision of the chair and asked for the yeas and nays which Ware ordered and were yeas 138 nays 46. So the House determined that the decision of the chair should stand a of by ju4g��nt of Llo woe. The chair then announced the vote of yesterday on the first Resolution reported by the select committee which declares that Congress possesses no constitutional authority to interfere in any Way with the institution of slavery in any of the states of this confederacy. The vote on this Resolution stood yeas 163 nays 9. So the first Resolution was adopted. The question recurred on the subsequent Branch of the main question which is As follows a a re solved that Congress ought not to interfere in any Way with slavery in the District of Columbia a a on which Resolution the yeas and nays were tiered and were yeas 133, nays 45. So the second Resolution was adopted or. Adams asked to be excused from voting and messes. Granger and Wise refusing to vote. The question then Lacu rred on the third Branch of the main question Viz. The preamble which urges As a Means of allaying the excitement the adoption of an additional Resolution decl Sriner that petitions memorials resolutions propositions Anc other papers relating in any Way to the subject of slavery should who us being referred Espe Mally be Laid on the table and that no further action should be bad thereon. After some desultory conversation elicited on a Point of order pending the discussion of which or. Whittesey of Ohio tailed for the orders of Tite Day. On motion of or. Pinckney the House suspended the Rale to proceed with the consideration of the subject under consideration. Tonal Resolution on the table. Ibec ill. Phillips moved to Lay the preamble and add West India emancipation. A correspondent of the new York comm fetal advertiser writing from tiie West indies thua notices the efforts of the a owlish government to abolition in the British islands i have alluded to Fife English islands. The Stato of things in these islands has become a matter of t interest to the whole civilized world Quot Nie tempted most honorable to solv the just problem of Estiu Meishing negro slavery. Whether they have tall me Wisest course is much disputed among the Wisest while Sci lists who imagine that problems a the government of men like those of mathematics May be worked out from one or two simple data decide peremptorily that the Experiment originated in Folly and will end in defeat. The problem was one of great . The state of the negroes was on no two islands alike in reference to their capacity for Freedom and yet it would have been imn to Cable to have legislated for them differently. Though i do not suppose that the Experiment win grave such Success As the friends of humanity would wish yet excepting a few oversights 1 cannot conceive what Wiser course could have been adopted. It is always easier to indoor evils than to get rid of them and it shows great want of sagacity As Well As of observation of Tho. Progress of society to suppose that the evils of slavery Are to be healed at once and without trouble. In Antigua the slaves Are free and All is Craiget and orderly. The labourers do their work regularly for wages and the planters have much less trouble than in any reason they might have anticipated. Why Antigua is a Small and thickly peopled is land. Its Black population has been for fifty Deora under religious instruction by moravian and Metis odits and since the organization of the English Church in the West Imus by the of the Bishop of Barbad Oes amp a. Its clergy have increased and become most efficient labourers ii this important Field. It would be difficult to find Moia devoted or More skilful labourers than the Archdeacon of Antigua and the episcopal clergy of that Island. Christianity which has every where been the Parent of modern civilization and which has a in a pc length to a Triy has prepared the Sable Popula Timi of Antigua to be governed Mem men. So far As i can learn there is no part of Mir own country of the same extent and population a which the people Are better supplied with faithful pastors attend in greater proportion and More regularly the Public worship of god and More regular in their lives and More obedient to the Laws. In Barbadoes the Blacks Are yet apprent feel but in that Small and populous Island a not of clergy is Large and these Are under the watchful Eye of the Bishop who has directed much of his area Tion to the wants of the he population. The Casse Renee is that the Apple nudes Are quiet and we Ling to labor but instead of any depreciation of pro a Perty in consequence of the new system a Gentie Man who Ler Barbadoes in january Afler a residence of some months Cesared me tet real estate had adv am Twenty five per cent. In Jamaica Wimch has immense quantities of a unappropriated land to which a discontented negro can escape and get a living almost without Labory from the spontaneous productions of a Fere so a in which the negroes have received comparatively Little religious instruction of the system does not work so Well. But if we take die report of the governor of that isl a it works better than the planters Aro disposed to allow. But even its Faures Are far front being attributable to the negroes themselves As men Are wont when suddenly deprived of authority but kept still in command Bat on More Humble terms of Tii Ose whom they have been Yeeu stored to Rule wife absolute away the overs Mia and bookkeepers in Jamaica have shown an Iraa Eible spirit sought rather to Ini Tete than conciliate die negroes and instead of endeavouring to farther have rather sought to Embarrass the effects of the government. I Sak of what 1 understand from various sources to m the general elate of things in that Island there it or. Grennell called for the yeas tide nays which were ordered and were yeas 69, nays 118. The motion to 1st the preamble and additional Are doubtless very Many honorable exceptions. The Resolution on Tho Tabic was lost. I eve is increased m Jamaica by the non residence of

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