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The Philanthropist (Newspaper) - January 23, 1838, Cincinnati, OhioCly by to a ant slavery society a filth 4 Ixta streets a Oln Natl Ohio. Tajii it mlis Job a it. I Dailani a he cents a stable wet Len six a litre at the expiration of the year. Let a Stoulil i get directed to the in Bliaying .4gent the editorial department to the editor. Or Foid. A fifth Congress. Second see six. Vim the in uni a ctr us Tab in the a Einab. With state. Right my deep my or 38 1887. To. A by Hottie do Elk stoi7 of the of the Dee Era foe Emmen up in the str order. Was not his intention to discuss r or hereafter except it should be it me repel elections. The Esolat Loiis spoke bad been drawn up with the utmost would Afree in their correctness who eral Beni Jim of which the states were Paffi Thigpe who entertained a i decent sided Tobii government a a great National Renn Tanti can stated not of the several states Ive Mast of in Divot gals belonging to All the be aggregate would he Tuppo aed withhold theae in solutions. Piea anted them As a test to Mccurtain the one Comimo ground on which a ii Thal Utah Uon might be rallied and which was at a a a Luy Al evicted and Strong to resist their i la be 4�poasdtd abolition but it so bar to amp to been unable to rally a a them. When we objected a so Ery particular question. Insu Kod every Southern senator states we were told that they Wii kit a dating the right of petition to. Doubted not who were opposed Towell and unfortunately on their a de. It the result we a cab statly Rama Jiing Baas he by anti Spatea in effect 1 Mere and Inore Vigour. In this sound to a told suppose of finding some Cannmon i in reality of Peabod to the wild pie now abroad Ednid a Idt Utah i elements of or ratio is arising therefrom Para it Ich had hitherto divided this body. Pm sorted the result of he re thief in Laala of our system As i what thu Robe Tho a Kevin land present ague things on ear inti had to for aug needed that when the on foe Racobs icons they would Majer Liy. D As tasting their Vuvra on the abot tid be rejected he would u All barriers in and being pen the Domestic and wast to Thair Alracka. If on lid be adopt of he would consider it As of the Seneido to maintain the great state should manage and regulate its a it own Way without interference from it aed prepared to Geas for As to feb i permit to Tivy out their pledge. If the or. Would consider it not Only Qutb but also that a dread of Dis and putt Iii to Hazard party prospects y of greater importance an the of it Olimi or lha safety of the Union. Idiot old Diey is add Tala would be found iry in rectifying the Public sentiment the of Natosi s dirt which threatens so Tab Utilea. A Tho idea that Una was one it a hindi die Ati bore the same re a Forte and in Wahidi of course i numerical majority was without not Long a Elvad if not the source of. Quot against our argued this wound must be closed and not at every moment torn open afresh. He denied that the Senate was a competent jurisdiction to would not have the rights of the South argued before it he would not stand Here to be outraged and insulted the thing should be treated As Coram non Jaob cd As a question not to be tried Here. Such resolutions As tar re a were by in it plication a submission to a jurisdiction which he or. A would Notnac Knowles. And therefore in whatever Light heed might View the resolutions though neither himself nor other Southern gentlemen had had the a port unit of fully examining them he was opposed to the introduction of any Mere Restout Lons because to was opposed to the Bare idea of bringing lha South in any shape whatever before an incompetent tribunal. Or. P. Com not Trust himself to do cuss the Subj act his feelings Bod been so deeply outraged. He was ready to join he Cohen be a in any United measure in which the South in to trove in one solid pcs Lix United and not coming Forward by Ali toy individual with i Divi. Dual propositions the strongest measures unless undertaken by the Una cd a land of the South would be but As Wax in the fire. Quot we his colleague should Dius be inclined to net Frith Tho whole body of the South it Odid Beto him the Barb higer of full us Weess. Or Calhoun Huid that a Boll be commanded his Oba creations with a remark that lie us Only seen theae resolutions in the Globe this morning. If to would cast his eyes Over the papers on he desk he would find them among the printed documents in of deformity of the order to print them passed yesterday. Here or. P. Roso and remarked he had since seen them his colleague next remarked that he Hod but Little inclination to affirm abstract promo att on As expert Ance had taught him that they were usually but Little in practice. It was but too True that they were often a regarded in the midst of party excitement and struggles of which to had Hie acknowledged mar and lamentable examples of late but so far from rendering the reiterate on of great abstract truths useless he conceived that the very ground on which his colleague objected is the very one which called for their frequent reiteration. The vein fact that we Are Apt to forget the Groat principles of monks or religion in the midst of die Many temptations that daily sur rotund us is the reason Why their from Cunt repetition b enjoined and if even who this precaution to keep them continually Premont in our mind they Are often violated How much More frequently would they be without it in Fike manner All Wise people who have Provod them Velves worthy of Liberty have acted in reference to great political principles. The great charter of British i forty b but a Colloq Ion of abstract principle which became firmly it older to test the feeling of the 6enhte. It was equally far from is to propose a common ground on which All might agree far was he Frodo uttering such a proposition. As to the result of former resolutions no Compa Ron could be instituted. He Rosol Tiona went upon hug fit or ground they Wool place those who opposed abolition of a higher Region than any former Resolution had done. He Only Rose to Cor oct the misapprehension of Bis views into which it appeared his colleague or. Preston had fall Foo. Or. Preston said he could not but think that la cold league was mistaken in the it views he had Bacn and p the results he anticipated from a resolutions. 1 question of reception was still left 7 these Resol it Ioup they gave up the Point of tie right of i i toning on the a subject. He wished the question of reception to be taken it once and instead of resolutions Debra lord of our to hts he Wahed the principle to be assert eff Fiat no pet Tioli shall to recce ipod Here tending to invade our Light that word end the matter at once and that had already been done in the other House. Or. P. Was in advocate for the strongest possible me Surpi cons tent with an ancient Patriot by and he wished the South to come to die Rescue to Tako the front rank and file and to act unitedly in one solid Phalanx. Or. 8tranob, of Hium said be in fwd Woida exp toss the feb Dongs which a Gaia cd he bosom when these re solutions. And he still flu min filly upon the subject. How could it be other Wise Ere was no child s play in any measure adopted in relation to it to those who resided in Tho Southern portion of the country Crory thing dear to the human heart our property our wives our children our lives our country were staked upon the Issue. He or. A regretted that these resolutions had been introduced he had been privately consulted it was True previous to their introduction but the advice he had Felt it he duty to give had been disregarded. He did not know that they contained any Maxim or sentiment which he did not heartily approve but to the fact of introduction he was altogether oppor a because it must inevitably produce discussion and agitation. This from the Bottom of his sont he wished to avoid and what tie abolitionists most ardently coveted. It w As a game in which Tho South might lose and could not possibly gain. So much Opp Mied had he been to any agitation of to subject that at a former session on a motion to print a most re Spotful memorial from Many highly respectable citizens it of the District against the abolition of slavery within it he had to in the negative. With what consistency can we complain of tie abolition its circulating their pamphlets and speeches when we Oura Elvis shall have set the example and just As sure these resolutions Wero. Pressed they he would ask was is it com med by Ihetu adoption Nicy asserted a series of �bnriwt.42rnetplm� fat uhf Ifo us used a a had a coiled it into action. Die opposite View of our Erato Republic that the states com i the Union was format and entered dec if Weir Mutual advantage and Security slato4ghta would be found in this As und danger the Only cons Nova of Metto the Only one that could inter to die danger and restore Harmony state to vote Ltd the resold desired to say any thing at i of peat one the a till wednesday to iat the Yenn ont resolutions wished these to be Eon Cut resolutions the reason he willed Tiem to due to the country Pari represented in part Pirth a ii it a for the i Iii time seen a i the morning he had no _ the the attention he should approve As of coarse of these Fiir m he could judge Ripke whih As it was Isom Tod and was Al he was very Doum Fui of raw Mere resolutions Jey might be in my it Princi Imok Ntasios there Sara found by Oft lot at ende Ltd with Fry were either a a appeared to Jim to those who to say the Tiluy of abstract it had Folrn to of state rights he had repeat to that very to assert a a it Witcra it a a or Perl maps t inn Cibbs sry disc sent they Ere Felt no a a video Fauth and Ibia. Gum in his or. 8. S opinion Lead to discuss our dts Tabush cd in the a pets and afro to Jimj Taho Poplai Ragl tas it Al in pm Tess succession. What resin Titock 4eefn&Quot an a gain. If his memory served him Magna charts was recounted More than Twenty Tom such in fact b the importance attached to hey it Seq tip of recurrent to great fundamental truths that some of the state constitutions hold that it b indispensable to the preservation of Liberty and All the memorable struggles for constitutional Zubei a rotted seem to confirm its to tits i. The general principles comp bed in the rps lotions. In he opinion., clearly drawn from Tea character of our to i Tirol system and formed the Only Strong Groi of on Wahidi a Here was by Hope of rallying majority in support of Southern Zinsli Tutins. They show dearly that the movements and dough off these is Nat is Are not Only unconstitutional but utterly subversive of the fundamental fit incites of our Point sri system and a Palm be violation of Good Faith. He Desaad the of cation one of sufficient magnitude to recur to those fundamental principles. He colleague also objected that the time for resolving is i last and that for action has arrived. Or. C. Hoped his colleague was prepared with some definite and Strong proposition to meet the danger. He or. A would not be found wanting whenever such a one May be brought Forward. The mean time there was nothing in the resolutions which he had Effer ii that could stand in the Way of action. They were into Neil to present m the clearest and Roost con elusive manner Tjie strength of our cause and the weakness of that of our assailants and if they should be sustained by the Senate As he trusted they Weld it would give us Tho most solid ground from which to operate that could be imagined. It is time for the South and West to come Forward and take to Weir stand and to ase Uroe the High ground which the Constitution and their rights dearly give them. The disease it in Progress and advances from Day to Day. To Morrow it wit be worse than to Day and on the succeeding worse than to Morrow but a Short time since there was but a handful of fanatics asking to abolish slavery in this i wrist. And now we have resolutions from one of the sri Tes of the Union going far beyond asking to abolish slavery in the territories As Well As in the a strict to prohibit the pm Chaae and sales of slaves Between the states and of it jetting to Tho annexation of Texas on the ground that it would extend and strengthen the institutions of nearly one half of the states of the Union. The next step will be to abolish slavery in the states and then to put the two races on an Equality a proposition As monstrous and Al As May be not More so than some already advanced. He understood Bis colleague to object to the a Surdi of attempting to rally a on apy general resolutions on this Subj ecly a he could not be More deeply impressed than he or. A was of Tho Folly of any such attempt and he col league greatly misunderstood him in supposing him Cap Abb of Chan act of Folly. So Fox from attempting to rally Aholt Jonisu and a he expressly confined him self in Bis remarks to the sound portion of to Iii body and the Community. He object was to of Fibre them some Ltd Mon ground in which to stand in opposition to the wild and dangerous s mint now abroad and which threatens Tho Union and institutions of the Courtoy with so much danger. He colleague had compared these resolutions to those that were oif Rod in the other House some years since by or. Pinckney in order to show that they were similar and Lias inferred As the one has had no Good Ellec the other will not probably have. He must be permitted in reply to say that there b not a single Point of analogy Between the two. Those make no conc cations. On the contrary they Tako the highest constitutional ground. The others made in his opinion and be thinks experience has proven it to to Correct important and dangerous concessions. They Yold the right of petition directly and by inference the Power of Congress Over the subject in the by strict. The object of one was conciliation of the Osiier the affirmation of our rights in the a Hest and most solemn manner and a denunciation in like manner of any attempt to violate them. Or cd concluded by expressing he Hope that when he colleague came to reflect on the subject he would waive us objections and unite in aiding to pass the resolutions. Or pjie8ton, in reply observed that his colleague Hod totally mistaken him or. A if he thought that to was opposed to abstract principles. On the contrary or. P Ful assent to the propose Ftp of Llinat it was of the cutest importance that first principles i Muld be Well understood. He did not dispute the propriety of those principles he did not dispute tiie proper by of these resolutions he did not dispute the propriety of declaring and Aat Orting these principles which were dear to he heart in the be concurred with he colleague but the Pant on which he differed with him that which be denied was the propriety the it fifty the Wisdom offering resolutions andr abstractions such As these jew the remedy for the injuries and insults inflicted Peu the South he Eow Caguco had dwelt upon the necessity of teaching and repeatedly Toneu Lyaung Mon a truths for. It a. ,1. A de conally a Chievous. The senator had asked him if As the subject was pressed too us it were not better to meet our adversaries a Little offensively he answered no emphatically. As he had already said our strongest portion b to stand still ensconced behind the barriers of tiie Constitution. There were some truths that would not Bear a Cussion. However dear in themselves. Who has any Hope of succeeding in a cause before a packed jury who has any Hope of bringing Oon f action to a mind deeply imbued with prejudice who reasons with a maniac and who m not aware that there b no madness so unreasonable As the madness Donati a arguing with it in even More Unibe and emf any great Issue b at stake than a casting pearls before All our Northern in Ethren who Are not victims of fanatical delusion Are already with us and upon their maids we can make no additional in our own favor while in the Effort we May unfortunately arouse feelings and per do Cen against of. But Grant that it were possible to convince every Man in the Northern portion of our country and to eradicate the spirit of abolitionism there still we should be playing the same of duh game with him who at d game of Hazard cries a tuts 1 Kito a mud it you Wii if the argue euro used on. And Only to the reach even argument might be entirely by or Side but is it not Manifest that the effect of the Aigul feb on the respective sides would be very unequal in the operation upon the minds of Bur slaves there is in Ewry mind a moral attraction for some classes of argument and a Morel rep Luon for others not at All dependent a Piti the actual soundness of the arguments themselves whatever is agreeable to our previous a bees and incur doors b eagerly heard and readily credited while every Thini apposed to our prejudices or propensities however True am Zero name in itself is coldly heard and scarcely believed Ini a historical illustration of one of these truths occurs to Ifo doubtless Well remembered by the senator from South card Foa and Tho Pagas of Antiquity Aro full of parallel aloud cd followers docked around John of Leyden Merel Hoca Uso to taught them that it was lawful and Pranc Wortner to indulge without limit their sensual appetites. A foral proclivity Sulci As the exits in regions whither ambition doctrines will to wafted from the Hall. Every Agit Lon of the subject weak Cruz Tho moral Force in our favor my Breaks Down the moral barriers which now serve top text and secure us. Sir we have every thing to log a we Avo nothing to gain by agitation and discussion. On Root Ion of or. Ciao tax the subject was postponed to wednesday next. 1896. Lie veil full anti tied to assent but the sat were asserted in a More top Oettig and effectual form in Tho con tit Ali m. Was it intended to increase the Igor this instrument by re asserting Ite Fri Pas or Tulsia form Inch an expectation we. If that compact was now to he formed it Wouch not be so favourably modelled for us upon Thoeub Juch and we cannot Hope for amendments to it Ren Dering it More Wonfor Nefele to stir views. If then that sacred charter does not Agoura is a air Al the assaults a a Litton its no legislative action can Ami these res unions would prove worse than ineffectual. Nor did he per. A agree with Tho other senator from South Carolina that some measure More vigorous than the adoption of these resolutions was wanting on our part. He believe to the proper course was not to agitate the question at. All. Our re nth said or. A in the Lan age of scrip Turosik to aft still. He believed the mass of the Northern people to be sound and that few were against us except those whose brains were addled with the spirit of fanatic com. Why then invite a a Cussion of this subject there Are some dangers which arc Roost safely encountered by Rushing to meet Thorn others arc most successfully overcome by calmly waiting i hair approach and with dignity presenting a Yehly bosom. The danger before a b of the latter kind. Who would seek to stay the Waves of the advancing Ocean by Rushing to meet them none hut a maniac would dream of such a course. What pc have now to vast moral current which has overflowed England and coming impetuously across the Atlantic has already it seems swept away one of the Sisters of our confederacy and god knows How Many More it May yet sweep away. The barriers of the Constitution Are All which we have to oppose its Advance behind them we must calmly await our destiny. We shall find safety there or we shall find it nowhere when those barriers Are broken Down or Over leaped nothing will remain to us but to use the physical Force which god has Given us for the defence of our rights then i shall be for resorting to it and not till then. In the mean time my course shall be As it always has been to avoid agitation upon this subject and when Pete tons Are presented to this body quietly dispassionately Ond without a Cussion to Lay upon Tho table the motion to receive them re care not whether these petitions come from individuals Eoll actions of individuals or Sovereign states. Whatever respect upon other subjects a Sovereign a january 3, Oal hound a resolutions. I tie four wig. Amp to of Kotb motion Ilion taken up arc toned that in the adoption of the Federal Constitution the states adopting the Samo acted severally As free it Independent and Sovereign Sitaca and that each for Ifo Elf. By its own voluntary assent entered Tho Union with a View to its Infra aard of curly against All dangers Demesha As Well As foreign a Girt Lri More perfect and secure enjoyment of its Advant fes Nat re a politic i and social. Remit de that Fri delegating a portion of their Powers to be exercised by the Federal government the states retained severally the exclusive and sole right Over their own Domestic institutions and police and Are alone responsible for them and that any of any one or More states or a combination of their citizens with the Domestic institutions and Mijc of the others on any ground or under any pretext Wmk a a Jjo of Cal moral or religious with the a i to their alteration Ostuw Jjon is an Assumption of a prion not warranted by the to the states interfered with tending to in Dangcil amp ii Toia Estic peace and Tranquillity subversive of the objects for Wilch the constipation was formed and by necessary Eon sequence the Tuffing to Tatj Ficen Rod destroy the Tahlon its Olla. It moored that the government was instituted and about Tofta preset Viliott of morals. But b that enough do to farther than that in alerting moral Dutrel do he bad presented which were to test the body whether there was any common ground on which they could be United and brought to rally against so dangerous a spirit. As or c. Had said on a former occasion there was in Tab subject a magnitude and Force which if it went on would shake our system through its Centre destroying All the enthusiastic attachment to our institutions which bad grown put of the Rovo Lettien. The american people As a body were greatly in fever of the Union but on the one Side there War a portions of the North who believed that the South for certain reasons were Ati Abom Nalton in the sight of cod and Man and on Tho other Side arose of coarse an Anta Pnat feeling. On Thia subject or. C. Moved not Only As a Souther Man but As a devoted partisan and Friend of the Union to which no senator could feel More attachment. He had Neves for a moment pen potted his feelings to Rise against it he object from the first had beep to repel ail Attar upon it which were calculated to destroy Tho Union and not to permit those attempts to go beyond the just and proper limits of safety. On this Schect we were in the habit of talking loosely and wrongly. Or. C. Though t to showed a More devoted attachment to the Union by repelling these attacks at the Veit to Reihhold Wimch in Rani so must have swept out a irom the face of the Earth. Or. C. Felt arose to make these declarations but Bis Vanors Harl been grossly Marc presented on the subject 0�o who could see the tendency of these assaults to alienate the affections of the people should go Forward and still them taking elevated grounds and showing that it was inconsistent with the preservation of the Union of the country to go on with these attacks. Or. C. Had presented these res of lotions with a View to show that these abolition movements were oppose to to the entire fabric of or institutions. These resolutions had been drawn up with great care avoiding every to Hitrig of a party character and if they could once be carried into effect there was a Prospect that the it operations of abolition its would be Ste Ltd and stayed As they ought to be by the North itself or. Had striven for two years to prs Ducc this effect to put Down Quot abolition by the Union and Harmony of the North but to had striven in vain h is next Hope was that those who agreed with him As to the character of our institutions who Regar Derl this Republic As a confederacy of states each still in the Possession of its own proper rits with which there ought to be no interference in one word those who believed in the great doctrines of state righted would rally and present to Weir unite in opposition by these Dong Roub movements. If there was any defect in these resolutions which had been brought Forward to effect the object or Cath Ocre was disposed to make All possible concessions to Render them acceptable. But there was a single Point on which he wished to insist that he might have air out vote upon the resolutions it was due to the occasion and the magnitude of the subject that Bev should de or put a Side that All and especially time South Aklil Kubu Nimi Uii i a a a. Hmm the any. If Mac s views were false let them to voted Down if they were defective let them be modified and if the were right let them be so ached. There Wero but two proper courses to be taken first Thal those who Beu Evel in opposition to the resolutions that the South had no Protection in the Constitution shout manfully Tell them to the other was that those who believed Tho resolutions were Correct in principle should say so. The a Eddlo Courso was unworthy of the Senate and of the or. 0. Hod Eony land his remarks no other Mem her rising to address the Senate the president stated Tho question on their adoption. After a Short Pauso a or. Months Rose and asked that Tho vote should be taken separately on each Resolution. He then remarked on the Little deposition evinced by the Senate to enter into the discussion of the merits of the to evolutions or to offer Amend to senator who offered them should Lead the Way. He. How Hwy Kimi he Jini to discussing the merits of the question now before the re ubi >>4hough he resolutions were based on doctrines relating tote it Omati tuition and were to meet aul to Awer Tho Reao Lutious of one of Ereign states of the Union. Be it so. It was not Neo Assai form m. To inquire How to to oct Ami How. In sir bul Tihey Peai a Owmer Pingree ble i to bet dec tension might be to of Tony Floii meddling with the rights a Aid do this of of or Down by the Laws hut who a Hall pm a team Tiff Amft Al a Cussion and inquiry to Reigl i Fonlin fal pressing an opinion these Roso Antioni Are Deiasi Fimmie War against opinions and by what title can Iny ram a Rte upon Cong Reaa to Paas Lawt a Gay no Opidi Tioila ? wha Zakall dare to limit the right of free opinion ? if tiie Lempar Abaed at putting Down Una Wool acts he itt. A would most Chi pm give then Otiis a Ornt but they Are Sif meld against Fae to Hoagla of Lions Ovid senti orients m a Ortii in people and they aim at. A a do of of Ifim of the people of the Uwon by expression of an Mutik possess the right of Cariag a it had Don a Eminof Tho free states to put Down a a opinions in to my a states of tit Whatton Steney cow they deny to them the i of Cadi ing upon the South to pot a i sri slavery if tiie pose alien of Svee m of suck Iriri importance to the South Fae Pom aerion of Fred sir of opt Glen equally of Viltz Imp Tance to the other state. Pm right b As go As Tiff Otic i. And shall one of the iat and Beni a in Dearest Yuhl he of non Ami to a or maroc a leaser right of a lesser a ration of the ? it is an tempt to Flink of Wra Stumf from Man the Rit of As Ortt die cure Ion the right of speaking writing and pm if Lirine ii a Tif a subject it of a hop teas War Twar Aga twats face Deb w opinion. These Resh Ipiotis were in he View an Intro duet on of that wan the moral opinions Mere it in cd by those Al state of this Union a a a common Agett the antagonist resolutions. Thoro from Vermont were state May be entitled to receive when she forgets Tho delicate nature of tie present subject and the deep and vital interests which her sister states Hove in connexion with it and rashly brings it into Public discussion not a Sqq pee crosses my mind As to the treatment which a pet atm from her to this body b entitled to receive. I should Voto to reject it. That is my opinion in relation to All such petitions As the most Zmek and yet the most decided action. Or. Swift remarked that he had no desire to participate in the debate growing out of the resolutions presented by the honorable senator from South Carolina or. Calhoun but allusions had been Mado by gentlemen in the course of Tho debate to certain resolutions adopted by he state Teg Slature which to dec cd unjust and improper those resolutions though they had been presented by him on a former occasion were not now before the Senate and inasmuch As he had Given notice to the Senate of his purpose to present them again at an Early Day he should not now notice those remarks or enter into any vindication of he legislature in adopting those resolutions on this or any a other occasion until they were presented to the Senate when gentlemen would have a full Opportunity of do casting the merits of said resolutions and of expressing Auch sentiments respecting them As they May think proper. Or cai4houn said that he agreed with the senator from North Carolina or. Strange in objecting to the agitation of the question but he ought to urge his objections against the Fima tics and those who countenance them Here and not those who repelled their assaults. They Wero the agitators not we who stand defeu9, on our rights. So Long As they continued to agitate and have Tho right of to kept Iii Here it was a pos la to the these resolutions were withdrawn the subject would Cuoio up in a of Diane far More favourable to the agitators and embarrassing to us with the Vermont resolutions. The senator said he Sal outre Nahod quietly behind the ramparts of the Constitution against these assaults on our property and Security. M order to carry into effect the Powers which they had delegated by the Constitution for their Mutual Security and pro Penty and that in fulfilment of the High and sacred Trust this government is Boumil so to exercise its Powers As to give 08 far As May be practicable increased stability and Security to the Domestic institutions of the states Thal compose the Union and that it b the solemn duty of the gov or Ament to rest at attempts by one portion of the Union to use it As an in Sliment to attack the Domestic institutions of another Rio weaken or destroy such inst unions instead of strengthening and upholding them of it is in duty bound to do. Reno we Liat Domestic slavery As it exists in the Southern and Western states of the Union composes an important part of Thrif Domestic institutions inherited from their ancestors and exiting at the adoption of the Constitution by which it b Retog sized of constituting an essential element in the distribution of its Powers among a Pic states and that no change of option or feeling on the part of the other states of the Union in relation to it can justify them or their citizens in open ind systematic attacks thereon with a View to its overthrow and that All such attacks Ore in Manifest violation of the Mutual and solemn pledge just protect and defend each or Given by lha states respectively on entering into the constitutional compact which formed the Union and a such Are a Manifest a reach of Faith and a violation of the most solemn of fixations moral and religious. A Olvid that the inter meddling of any state or slates or their citizens to abolish slavery in the District or any of is territories on the ground or under the pretext that it is ii moral or sinful or the passage of any act or measure of Congress with that View would be a direct and dangerous attack on the a Nali Tutins of All the slave holding states resolved that Tho Union of these states rest on an Equality of rights and advantages among its members and that whatever destroys that Equality tends to destroy the Union itself and that it b the solemn duty Cfall and More especially of this body which reprints Tho slates in their corporate capacity to resist All attempts to discriminate Between the steles in extending the benefits of the Govch ment to the several portions of the Union and that to refuse to extend to the Southern and Western states any advantage which would tend to strengthen or Render them More secure or incr Fose their limits or population by the annexation of new territories or states on the Assumption or under the pretest that the institution of slavery As it exits among them it immoral or sinful or otherwise obnoxious would be contrary to that Equality of rights and advantages which the c just Mtnlion was in tended to secure alike to All Tho members of t Union Ami would in effect Dbbra Nubbe the slavohi1 no state withholding from them the advantages while it a them to tic burdens of the government. Tho is Tolu Tice having been read or. Calhoun said it was not his intention to discuss these Resolution except so for As to repel attacks and fee to too,.relied on the Constitution i should at present confine himself to one Point. It had been and in presenting in Trio shape of general in is tons the objected to his of ours of proceeding that to had moved these principles of the Constitution on which we Reli a and which resolutions in Advance of the resolutions from the Leibla Jevc Content ourselves with merely saying to the the of Thon balt no do we think such moral declarations of the Amto a Strw Fon enough to prevent theft and Rencor our property secure Ifo we n of Rales a resort to measures do we not enforce instead of in yacht Are we a Olby de with bearing every Sabbath the fedaration a Nobou dealt not Ole Alt Quot do we depend on that Ahme As a. Protect for out pockets far from it. We Paas Laws and Are the Man Friio violates the principle a thou Skalt do no our principle a Are As True As these and there not to be kit to their enforcement to Mere Declora. And Ruso lotions. Tho empty assertion of undoubted in Hills jul Only fall like and jul result aes Mceady Donc in exacerbating tiie Dise. To Fook went dearly to establish our Righte and to show the utter violation of that instrument on Tho part of our Assafi Anui to for from abandoning or weakening our base we greatly strengthen them. It is the Mode we a has always been adopted to repel aggressions and among Trio Momiy remarkable examples he might cite the Caso of the alien and sedition lows. Did the Oppon Conui of these unconstitutional measures sit subtly behind the cons Titu i noved to Lay them on the table that if the sen Stora from Tion holding it up As their shield As the senator adv besi no. They adopted the course that to has followed. They presented foe fractions of the Constitution in general and comprehensive promo Ditimis backed by the of two powerful states and gloriously triumphed in their opposition. In like manner he has presented similar propose for a remedy after already so jump Lafoley Cypei to pm eng Thek allot Ines Krency b to abandon our cause. Asb the of finding a common ground one there May be a general agreement Laasi Akmid no As the ides May appear to some when first it least reflection will show that it is illusive. V a should Ever fetid himself placed Ltd such com and he confessed he should begin to look around alarm and foist a icon at the company which sur get a Only arrive at this common Grey Odd to Rion probe a end the South b lost. 0 said he Dkl not intend to propose Thuro a or he intended them Only a a foot in Turo of Var Root. Or. C. Would Only say in reply that immediately hmm the Yermont resolutions came up he moved to Lay them on Tho table with the express View to Guvo himself Kiaie to reflect. The memorials of the abolitionists which were insulting to him and he friends be was us we filing to Roro ivc. But he would not so dispose of Tho Vermont resolutions on the contrary to Hod said when he Vermont would not Call them up again or c. Himself Rould do so. The Vermont resolutions were expected to be presented to sorrow and or. C. Thought it very proper that so much time had been Given to Southern members who were most interested to consult and reflect on the subject or. C. Tons against this infinitely More outrageous and dangerous As Emba Mireed 1 these Resol irions they come from a Infra and has asked Tho Senate As the Peculiar repro Aoam reign state of this Union a party to the constitutional compact that had a right to present itself there. Or c. Was a slate rights Man not Only when tie doctrines we subservient to his purpose but we Iii they Weros test it. To would vote against receiving these resolutions hut ask Southern Man representing in part that Section of the country assailed by a Ieso resolutions he Codd not vote for their Loc Eption but must remain Neutral leaving it for others to act Ami or. C. Did not feel that this was a Sonta Tivee of the states in their corporate capacity to add to them the Sanction of their authority. He hoped that they would receive not Only the Sanction of the Southern and we oem members but those from Otter sections and be trusted that the senator from North Carolina himself when he had reflect cd More maturely on the subject would not be found among those who would Endeavor to give the resolutions the go by. Or ranted by one of her senators or. Swirl and that senator was Able always and any where to defend he own state. What then was tie great object embraced by these resolutions it was that free discussion on an important question which the senator himself had deemed most important should not Only ire Dis countenanced but Atwo Lute by silenced. It seemed to or. M. That the Hope of the gentleman was vain. Did to expect that argument would be allowed on one Side and on the other be silenced ? it was vain Hope that could not be realized. Or m. Regretted to hear the senator speak As he had Dono of sectional interests. Or. M. Would know of no such interests and would not believe that Southern and Western rights existed As antagonists principle. Why. Then talk of Southern defences ? or that there had been an attack on Southern interests ? such an argument could not Lead to the peace and Harmony of tire country. The senator in this would find himself entirely mistaken he claimed to be a state rights Man. Or. A aspired to the Samo High distinction he too was a state rights Man though he might Dillier from him As to Tho manner of main tuning state the Seii Ater held that the Itee ail opted the Constitution in their Sovereign capacity. They indeed said mrm formal the Constitution but if it had not been adopted by the people of the states it would have Ireen of no Effriet. Hence it was formed for the More perfect Union of the people. A but it was not necessary to inquire ii to the Al traction though mrm would like to ask what was meant Lay inter meddling with the policy and Laws of other Stetce. Does the senator mean that because i talk a lout the institutions in other states or because Tho press of the country where i live treats of these institutions that b interred doing 1 no sir i think not. Or does to mean that the acting of a states Power an the Laws and its in i Luliona of another St Ato b inter meddling ? if so. I agree with Hon that there is no such right but what he seeks is to put Down the Freedom of i Breech and of the press and if we cannot thu Quot inter meddle for evil then we can re of for Good. Is this Tho doctrine of the american Constitution and of the Day 1 such or m. Said was one of the features of these resolutions. But there was another feature which or. A would notice though be was against Many of their prominent features. There was one of Tho resolutions which seemed to inc std the doctrine hut lest he should to Misumi Erswood he would read the resolutions. Or. M. Here read Tho Resolution is. Relating among ofor things to the Extension of territory what sir or. M. Resumil is this doctrine i suppose sir for instance that Louisiana was the Only slave folding state in the Union and that All the other members of the Union beloved the state to be thus sustaining a practice immoral and sinful what then is the doctrine of the senator Why that Texas and Mexico must to United to Louisiana and Tho other states As slave holding territory in order to maintain the balance in tween the Elave holding and non slave holding portions of the Union. Thia sir is Tho doctrine of Clear As son Light the very Resolution b basal on that ground. Is that sir Tho doctrine of state rights 1 la that tiie Equality of right which the senator says ought among All the states ? sir it b a strange doctrine and it comes to a stranger conclusion. 1 ask gentlemen to examine the Roe solutions and they will find that each Resolution a liable to greater and stronger objections than the. Sir it is not necessary that i should enter upon the question of abolition itself or defend those who petition on this Subj meet i have not opened my Mouth heretofore for Thia purpose but All i have said was to keep Down this Ipi Ril i Felt it Ray duty thus to Aid and protect the South and i hold it As the duty of the people of the other states in ease of a Southern insurrection to Rush and protect them. But at Tho same time i contend that to Hawf Fobe right of d Lson Ssan. Ami How i ask have we or tiie North Inte meddled i or. M Here alluded to a request that had been sent from the South to the late of Ohio that be log Akture would pass Laws to prevent a Cussion on this subject and the govenor had said that it was an attempt to take from the i titans of the state a right which had been confirmed to them by the Constitution. Men were called a Winter meddling a and then utter the name of Mac meddling the right of men to their opinions was a a tempted to be put Down. The alien and sedition lows were As White paper were innocence and purity itself com Stred to this attempt he spoke Dot for himself he or. A was no abolitionist he Hail never uttered a wond in Fiessor of their prone ipacs or open Ems to spoke not on behalf Iff the common rights of Many of Righte which were the Gill of god a rights above the Power of government to Teke Fozy and if one class of men have a right to any kind of property aurely any other class of men have an equal right to foil kind of opinion he hoped to hear from the friends Oft food resolutions if they could have any Friend some Rea omm at be astr Why he Aho Iid give his Soqr Ort to them. As yet to had heard none the mover of them Harl Given no so foods for them anti he or i hoped they would no he Oit Opl de by the Senate. Before taking the question thereon the first to ablation Ems read by request As follow. Terra Cri that in the adoption of the Federal constr to Tion the states adopting the same acted a eve mlle As Fine Independent and Sovereign states and that each for Ila Elf by its own Volu Fery assent entered the Union with in View to its increased Security against All dangers Dmn Ettic As Well As foreign and the More perfect and secure enjoyment of its advantages natural political awl social. _ the teas and nays having been ordered the Ritof Baib was adopted iqra the following tile yeas of my sirs. Ahen Black. Brown Buchanah Cal Lioun. Clay of ala., Clay of Kentucky Cuth Heit Fulton Hubbard King of Alabama Linn Lumpkin Lyon me. Kean Nichol Niles Norvell Pierre Preston Rives Roane Robin Ron ruggies Sevier Smith of Conn Ocdol strange Walker White w Shiaras Wright Zirong id nays messes Bayard Clayton Davis Knight Morris Prentiss Robbins Smith of ind., Southard Swift Tipton Wall ?13-the question then recurred on the second be solution it Kiel was As follow a a resolved that in to delegating a portion of to Ieler pow Emta be exercised by Tho Federal government Tho Sutra retakes do severally the exclusive and sole right Over their own do nos in institutions and police and Are alone responsible for Flusa and that any internal doing of one or More Staten or a Eoina by natio it Rof their citizens with the Domestic institution aaied police of the others on any Gro until or my Der Tny pretest wbk Tevere Paf tical of a Ltd Fiovo with a View to their Tivitt is it i Iii Ai us Cimon. Is Ami option of a per Iolite Turt warranted by the in wilting to the states interfered with tending to endanger their Domestic peace and or. Strange replied that he had already said he 1 proper position to stand on exclusively but he ought to have would vote for the resolutions if they should be pressed upon an Opportunity to express b m opinions on the subject i vol the consideration of Tho Senate a measure to which to i Ved in Tho Vermont resolutions. But How was such oppor waa altogether opposed Ocause of the disc onion and Agi i Unity to he of obtained Tho resolutions had been withheld talk it must Nozea warily create. The Benator from South i for the put Rose of Consi iteration and were not Vot upon Carolina had complained of his dissuading his friends from and in res Tina to them or. C. Had imposed on himself is stirring this subject and advised him to preach his doctrines to the abolitionists. If said or. B. I May be said to preach upon this subject of All i preach to both parties he Eon aide red the i Seums of and agitation of on Elt frer % % Fence and inaction so that he Ronld not imply on them present his views. How then was his Bojart to he obtained ? How but by a series of antagonist resolutions relating to the Sama an Heifet but with Opp no a the views ? Setch Reao Lutious or. M. Went on at some length into an explanation of the reasons which induced him to give a dec turd Ophir item to these resolutions. They called upon the free states to abstain from reasoning thinking and speaking. He himself was As much oppose to any inter meddling with Southern institutions by about onsets or Othera a a gentle Nan himself could boy the right of judgment on moral subjects the right of speaking even upon topics not agree acc to the South was to be Intel Lichod under the name of it was beyond the Power of Congress to place Fetters upon menus minds and aay they a Hall not it Folly it Gauss and i a and print upon whatever Tranquility subversive of the objects for which the Cou Stith Ltd Tion was formed and by necessary tending to weaken and tic Elroy the Union Iseff. Or. Preston moved to a mend the or solution by striking out the words a Assumption of sep Errity a a or. Calhoun signified that he won except thaa mend Cut As a modification of the Resolution and it was modified accordingly. Or. Allen moved further to Amend the by striking out Tho word or. Hoped this amendment Wobel not be pressed As it struck at the main Point of the rest Utick or. Mort in moved to Amend Tho amendment by striking out tire words a moral and religious a and on the question he called for the yens and nays which were ordered or. Calhoun said the consequence of this amendment would be that any Jone state might attack the institutions of another state either on moral or religious grounds. If people Choso to Conan tier their institutions in Ronij or irreligious then they would be left at Liberty to attack them m. Preston suggested to insert Tho words a under a j pretext whatever of which wonks being retained the Oti Isif it Fol be Skapa be dispensed Kwh. Or. Calhoun replied that it would be possible to make the resolutions mean nothing. The words a Edh Wal and religious were the Vera essence of the Reod ution under any pretext whatever were but milk and water words not a Pic enough to meet the occasion. Or Buchanan began by observing that he conduit of with messes. Moans and Preston. Or. Preston Rose to Correct or. A not so he map had said distinctly that be was averse to the motion of or. Morris to wished to include the words a i weft of ii re a go of a a and therefore his objections by Tho a under any pretext whatever a to include these very words As in a general and sweeping clause. Or. Buchanan. I stand corrected or a was we Ling to go any length to prevent the interference of to a Olito Notts but he wishers to express his opinion decidedly and firmly. If he thought the striking out these words would weaken the Resolution or make it without meaning he Woitiw not vote for the amendment but by retaining the Danse a under any pretext whatever a he thought the Resolution would be As Strong As it pos rib y could and therefore with that clause if or. Monnis would consent to the Morffi Cahili he or. A would agree to strike out the words a my of and relight o or. Morris signified he is assent b this modification of his amendment. Or Calhoun was opposed to this As being a Mot Folon of Bis resolutions. Or. Allen was understood to speak in favor of Tho amendments As far As related to the word religious or Young said it was his opinion that this quest Ioil now that it bad come up ought to be met at Adco promptly boldly and directly. He had not Geracd the Namer us Ahou Tion papers which were sent to him As Well As to Osiier gentlemen in the manner in which he understood some Gett tile men dealt with them that is to say he had not throw from into the fire but on the contrary he had Reail and examined them in order that he might fully understand what realty was Tho object of these deluded people. He or. A was not willing to make any com prom Ifo with the Peop by striking out the words a moral and religious a Aad Leavi Ifo them stir that Broad ground to go upon. Shall was Aid or. A leave them Liia pretext shall we Hove them m much ground As this to stand upon ? to was a quoted with Many abolitionists in Rhino is and by never scruples to Tell them they were mad. A had put the question to Tsas whether their proceedings would not Lesii to a of the Union and their uniform reply was that tiny had a a a i Groub duty to per form from which no consider atoms of Tiff consequences should make them swerve Whua it will a even that it is entirely upon the ground of what they Duma moral and religious that they base Allt Heit so Tooi and shall these words be stricken out and the ground a left to than. I he thought not. Who Willvr Oil in to Ai that the a fire of these people Are confined to thu in Stirl ? not this District w to them but As a drop in the bucket thar views extend much further a even if possible to the Mai extinction of slavery Faroa ghost the Union they go for Universal emancipation their views Ace net Limiti or partial such is their object and they care not what Means boy Aai toy provided they can hut to comp their Obj Edu or. Y. Was the representative of a free states and be Sass proud of that etre Umsu Nee. His Misti tents he bit Tovai were in far a of emancipation Bat to were not in feast of interfering with other states their of Pinon was that it it not advisable to interfere with Tlok Domestic concerns of Oil so states. Nothing Short of the very ung ago of or. Is Leann appear to him or. Yuto meetup Egale and for a Japlit he would Dot shrink from meeting the question. Bad id not demo Farraf in. M j Oart a
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