The Philanthropist in Cincinnati, Ohio
26 Feb 1836

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The Philanthropist in Cincinnati, Ohio
26 Feb 1836

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The Philanthropist (Newspaper) - February 26, 1836, Cincinnati, OhioJ Toa a James Birney we Are very Gusty Cou Geruing our brother a a a therefore i this distress come upon of. A a Dit a and proprietor volume Richmond Ohio Friday february 26, 1836. Number 9. J Ohio. Í5 i j i the philanthropist is Robu Sasoji Visar at new much mod Clermont co., terms two Llo Llars per an ilium Slajs payable la a tack. A letters and communications must to Post paid and o suppose they were to petition con guess to alter the Law of d Esce ots in Virginia and they have the Sanic Constitution a right to do this As they have to petition Congress to abolish slavery in Virginia will gentlemen say that Congress would be bound under the Constitution to receive and gravely consider the subject matter of such a pet Toni i humbly think not according to Tho latitude Nous views Shuhl be directed to the editor of the the gentleman from Massachusetts or. Cush Zanub of the counties particularly should be mention i it to the Good people of Massachusetts have the cd in i directing where papers Are to be sent. To them. I emphatically ask every member Here Aye every Freeman if Congress should carry Outhie prayer of these , whether in practice it is not directly at War with Quot the right of they Are the results of human frailty and human imperfection and cannot be two ded. Or c. Said another Strong and to his mind conclusive argument that the Fere fact of present constitutional right to petition about everything and j above quoted some men think and Jot Otia men too that slavery is not incompatible with the strictest notions of religion. I then ask said or. G., if they Are to be forced by Law to surrender their own opinions and be compelled to conform to those of the petitioners i answer no. You cannot re Unith and breadth will be inserted three times for one Douai. Slave holders ent. / an adv to sement making one Square Ora space of equal anything either in Europe Asia Africa or Ameri far violate the principles of the Constitution sour Ca even or. Speaker that this House should hang my religious Freedom. Or. Said no Man or body of men had the right nor should they Torce him to take their Peculiar notions of religion. He was responsible to none but Bis creator for his religious opinions or moral practices. The creator himself Lias Given a by which. All were to be directed it was a wis c and guide. But he disclaimed for , and his constituents the right of bigoted and despotic teachers of religion to Gull Down their throats their notions of religion or anything else a hey Are As Frailana As fallible As himself and he did not choose to be compelled to remarks of or. Garland of Virginia a Ray to the remarks of my. Cir Shino of Massa a a Chua Elto on a men eng a Meiri from a tin dry \ pc Siti he had taken proven to be True of Mats Itei for the abolition of the Constitution intended to give Protection to you Frt some of what they might please to Call your religious or political or moral is net and t lat the Constitution imposes upon Congress the obligation to receive and gravely to consider such petition. When it is seen that the fight of petition and the obligation of receiving and considering such petitions on the part of Congress As contended tor by the gentleman from Massachusetts drives in practice to Shiqi absurdities or. Said he re a slave Trade inthe Striet of people in petitioning for a redress of their of n follow their guidance when he them actual grievances and to impose upon Congress the error. In duty of receiving Only such petitions As come within the Sphire of their constitutional Power of re or. Said it was unreasonable to act upon such petitions As this because the petitioners were not lives on the �o5th Day of january 1836 after or. Cushing concluded his remarks or. Garland Rose and said that be did not Rise to inflict a Long speech upon the House particularly at ing that if this Case could be reversed and the be o they lived under Laws and inst Tut of a iii which it a a a pie of Virginia were petitioning Congress to com-1 was not tolerated. Hence they have no practical dress. Or. Said he hazarded but Little in say affected w ill the evils or reproaches of slavery. Pel the state of Massachusetts or any other non grievance to redress. I protest or. Speaker said slave holding state to establish slaver that every Northern member would Rise in Bis place and protest against the rec prion of such a petition Asim mr., g., that the people of this District who complain of no grievance who have none to redress should be violently deprived of their rights to a a k�.-.1 _________1 i jl1 a r �1 in a _. 1 pertinent obtrusive and without the legislative iffy the religious scruples of their Lbw re end these jurisdiction of Congress. The principle is precise petitioners. Pc mme. J j a a said that having said thus much upon the or. Said if he had succeeded in proving As constitutional right of petition and the grievance he humbly thought he had that the consult Union did sought to be redressed in the petition now under not secure to the people of Massachusetts or any consideration he would say a few words As to an other slate the right to petition for the abolition of exception of the general obligation of Congress to slavery in Virginia or for any interference with any receive and consider petitions if in every other re of its acknowledged Domestic rights or impose Spect unexceptionable. Or. Said this was an on Congress the duty of receiving and considering exception due to the body itself he alluded to the such petitions it Only remained for him to prove right of this body to require that every petition pre that in relation to the Domestic rights of the people seated to it should be couched in decent and re meet of the District of Columbia they were As i depend pm language this said or. G., is an a knowl ant and a. . To. The people of Massachusetts edged right and it would be a useless consumption As were those of Virginia and. That they had no a of time to detain the House w Ith. Any arguments As More right of interference the one than the to its necessity and. Propriety. Or. Asked if the other or. Said Bat the cession of the District petition now under consideration was couched in of Columbia made it incompatible with the Success such decent and respectful language As to address Ful operations of the Federal Hemment and the itself to the favourable consideration of the House just Protection of the rights of the life Liberty and sir said or. G., in this As most of the petitions property of its citizens that the Stales of Maryland which have been presented the people of the South Thia hour of the Day that he would not discuss the subject of slavery Here or elsewhere but he could not be the ingenious and Speed of remarks of the honorable member from Massachusetts or. Cush ing who has just taken his seat to go to the pub ii an hum ble Effort on his part., to Rry their effects by exposing their fallacy. Or. Said that whenever gentlemen presented these petitions for interference with the local lights of the people of the District of Columbia against their Wimes their reception was to be secured by being a a wrapped in the extensive folds of the sacred a the constitutional right of petition. Or. Said he proposed very briefly to examine this subject with a View to Distin Raish Between the constitutional right of petition and the Constitution Ai obligation of this House to receive petitions when p Tesen Tod and to prove that lh.�8 House w As under no constitutional o Bli gation to receive a founded in of this sacred Riga to and. Having in View the of the rights of others. Or 6. Said when gentlemen from the North accused Mem a Bers of the South of disregarding the constitutional Light of petition in voting against the reception of these abolition memorials they done did them great injustice. No people regarded with More scrupulous jealousy the right of petition legitimately sex a reined than the Southern people but that it was against its abuse they protested and it was in Vasion of the rights of others under color of this a acred principle they resisted. Or. A a said with due deference to the opinions 4 other a Tlemcen he had Al ways understood that a die object of the Constitution in Guaran timing the right of petition was to enable the people or any portion of them to assemble without interruption met hindrance and Peti Lioa Loi a amp Jsu Ress of any grievance under which they might Tabor Ait Wirich was win in the reach of the body petitioned. This was the object of the celebrated Magna Harta of England it was the object of every grantee of the right of petition in every age of the world wherever it has existed. It was said or. G., emphatically a right guarantied by the Constitution to petition for redress of grievances grievances either in bloc or private but nothing More. Or. Garland said to sustain Friia position he needed no other argument than the article of the Constitution cited by the honorable gentleman himself. It reads thus a Congress shall make no Law respecting the establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof or abridging the Freedom of speech or of the press or the right of the people peaceably to Assn wbk and to petition the government for a of Erie Vance. Can the mind of any Man said or. G., he so far out earwig As not at once to perceive that the object of this article was to to the people the right of assembling and Peti zoning without hindrance or molestation founded upon uie right of All or any motion of the people to have their grievances not the grievances of others led revised he said he thought not he thought. A. The article too Clear to need the Aid of argument for Ithem was Imper unfit and obtrusive As inter almost impossible to speak of the subject of slavery elucidation. Or. Garland said every people knew inference would be with Thos o of and Mary using the which May be deemed insult. Their own. Grievances Best and he thought it a most land or any other Independent state. . Said ing reproachful. Then or. Speak said . claim under this article to As Sert that he contain dry that the people of District in. Re Liy speak Quot of it Here at All it is no reason it rave the right of one set o f people to interfere lation to their d 3 the position Quot a pm the rights of another and that Congress was of a state and were entitled to have their rights re and gravely act spec ted As such and protected from interference from the Constitution meant. A _ _ Gen never entered into the Heads of those who ceded Leman who had just taken his seat and who pro nor of Thom who accepted the cession that the pee fessed to be opposed to the abolitionists no doubt pie of the. Ceded territory by the cession lost the sincerely but who had made a most excellent Abo Protection of life Liberty and property guaranteed lotion speech complained of the terms of Opp Obri to the people of the several states and which they urn which had been used in this debate towards the enjoyed prior to the cession and that each was to Northern people Insomuch that he acknowledged be subject to the uncertainty which would Newessa his Zeal against abolitionism much abated. Or. Riv arise out of the conflicting religious and Poniti said he asked that gentleman How it was that he Titi nil t i 1. Ca do so. That has not been Given even As regards in the contrary All sup the abolitionists Ana not icon me severe reject too dirt let of to Olimbia. Not be so it is too absurd for serious refuta.ti.on., i j do not deny., that the peo pop by a primary act o f sovereignty May Confer on their Ordinary Legisla Ture the Power Quot of abolishing s rave by in the state 1 in .1. Legislature is now clothed with Civ a it was the Power. With these remarks referring to what ill a Elf itis a a Row r of a lip lib Sitt i said on a former occasion and to the Able and in Riili of the answerable arguments of one of the senators of my a not to re state in the other House i forbear any further to fth reference As a Ell to the subject matter of Mark upon this Branch of the subject. Honorable gentleman from Massachusetts Pafk c k r a House tin posses said or. G., , not intimated sir but Sion of the subject Nalter of a Petiti Dii unless it be directly declared that he and these petitioners will received and read or. Said the answer to this enquiry was quite easy. By a Rule of the House every member who presents a petition is required Bri to state the Subj act mat ter of it. In this w a the House becomes possessed of its object and May a Pon ample information upon the question of if the petition asks Congress to do what it is palpably forbidden by the Constitution to do is there any reason Why it should be received certainly none. Or. Said that the precedent relied upon by the gentleman from Massachusetts or. Cushing of the reception and rejection of the petition of the Swienty of friends in 1791, did not apply. Or. Said that the material object of that petition was the regulation and ultimate abolition of the african slave Trade. This was a subject in part at least which belonged to the constitutional authority of Congress. The right to regulate the african slave Trade was in effect the right to regulate Commerce which properly belonged to the Sive Juristic lion of _ Congress. Hence the propriety of the reception of t hat memorial. Although it was subsequently and properly Renee it. But that Case does not apply to this petition. This petition asks Congress to do what it has no Power to do. Or. Said he begged the indulgence of the House for a few moments while he briefly recurred to the question of the constitutional Power of Congress to abolish slavery in the District of Columbia. He said there was Only one article of the Constitution upon the subject and that is As follows a a to exercise exclusive legislation in All cases whatsoever Over such District not exceeding ten Miles Square of May by cession of particular slates and the acceptance of Congress become the seat of toe government of the United states a it will be perceived said. . G., that this clause is a part of the original draft of the Constitution and that was adopted before the cession of the District of Columbia but expressly in anticipation of such an event. Of course As 1 before remarked this constitutional provision could not have been intended to apply to the question of slavery or to Grant any Power Over it for it was not certainly known tha the anticipated cession w Ould be made by Virginia and Maryland or any other slave holding state. Nor could this clause secure the cession from such restrictions As the state or states might think proper to impose for the Protection in relation to their persons or property of the Citi Zeimis in habit ing the Quot territory which. Sho did. He ceded. By the Constitution said or. G., All Power Over slavery is taken Virom. The federa l and they cannot abolish h it without an. Express dec Gabiou of Power this extended Empire posed and none can doubt that they were left by i upon the whole Southern people contained in these the cession in the same state of Security which they petitions sir said or. G., Are these terms of re enjoyed previous to toe cession and that they had proach such As piracy Man stealing so mild exchanged simply the legislative jurisdiction of and so gentle As to be totally innocent totally info Virginia and Maryland for that of Congress. He fens vef surely the gentleman cannot so think said that the article of the Constitution giving to j said that the institution of slavery existed Congress a exclusive legislative jurisdiction was the time of the formation of the Constitution adopted before the cession was made and hence be free states so called entered into the cons Titu could have had no particular reference to the Condi ional compact with a full knowledge of the state of Tion of toe Dietrict afterwards ceded and could not things and solemnly engaged not to interfere with therefore abridge any of the Domestic rights of the South has faithfully and devotedly per people of the District As they existed at the Lime of formed its constitutional obligations for upwards of the cession. But the cession having been accepted years. The Souther i representation have the with the guarantee of the right of property to the same claim to Protection from insult and reproach people of toe District contained in the Constitution they come Here to legislate As the Northern and acts of Concession those guarantees afford representation. Is it to be patiently borne then or a the representation of the South Are to after Day and hear themselves and people of Massachi their constituents reproached As pirates no sir. Setts had no More connexion or concern with the if a than Southern feeling and Southern blood Domestic rights of the people of the District than a an Bear. It cannot it will not be submitted to. It they had with those of the people of Virginia or Jad been said said or. G., by an honorable Mem Viand and that any attempt Al interference with from Massachusets a. For. Adams that it was no other states As such. . Said having thus examined toe principle Why the South should submit to insult because gentlemen say they cannot present the Subj eci to the consideration of Congress without using terms of an insulting character. Sir these petitioners have no right to interfere nor has Congress the right to a rowing out of 7hvt has tee Termi j. Ith this subject and these petitioners .1--- Havo Only to abstain irom an unwarrantable inter to avoid insulting a vacant claim under uie Agni i it Congress to receive Anu Esix i Iaus a to a a a Vimr not la so bribed As it is and Broad As it should be. Thought beyond reasonable doubt that Congress and reproaching the us Said that the Constitution of on government was not bound to receive petitions from people who go a Thel of in Terras of to strictly Federal that to its action and control. Did not seek the redress of some Public or private 2� of a a tos confined particular specified defined Powers Evanee affecting themselves he Ifould very pvt a in which there was a general and a Community of Griefin canvass the claim of the Petizon now under a Are not interest Between All the s lates but that the d o Fri is consideration to that character. A tie rights of the states were under their own cd ask was. The grievance a Iva Rad that the Federal go v8rnm.ent the petitioners for which in by sought eds an rights bound to receive such petitions and gravely upon them the Constitution meant said or. Such Absurdity. Or. Said he would by offering a few Hyp Othet ical examples illustrate the Absurdity of this cd tonal right of petition the extent of the Obligar to no have Only to claim under the Conrail no onal right of of con res to receive and established As he i no More interfere with them in Aid of which their so clamorous by invoke tie could the go be minent8 of France or eur gland. ? sacred right of petition and the spirit of Liberty. In the Domestic relations of the states they Are not Why or. Speaker said or. G., the grievance is Only Independent of the Federal government but of that the people of this District some Hundred Miles the several state governments. Among the several removed from the petitioners hold slaves a property Domestic concerns of the states Over which the fed guaranteed by the Constitution and they modestly eral government has no jurisdiction whatever is ask that the people of the District May be de paved the institution of slavery in the slave holding states. I of their property without their consent. Surely it is an admitted principle said or. It is a con said or. G., this is no grievance either Public or Stith Tinori guarantee that the jurisdiction of the private to the petitioners. But said or. G., states in which slavery exists is exclusive Over the is toe grievance complained of in the petition and a did and that neither the Federal nor any state for which a remedy is sought it is sir that the g o verment has the right to interfere with it. This existe pc of slavery is co with the re i principle be in g True said or. 6. As it u a Tom of the petitioners and. They simply ask is he would ask whether the people of any to a Ery Maii matter trim Ray that the Cong res s of of state of m Massachusetts had the right to to a the United Sta Les should forcibly w Resl Quot from a por tuition Congress to abolish slavery in the state of Tion of the people their property for the very of Virginia because the right of petition is guaranty in a of Gratifying the re i Gioth Ruples of by Mie Constitution and that Congress is bound to these by devoutly religious people. Or. Speaker Laneive their petitions and gravely consider the a Grid or go a Titis a As bold and daring an attempt subject matter of them a subject matter Over As was Ever made among a free people to comply which there is not Only not delegated any Power Ivy Force of Law one set of people to conform their but Over which their Power is is Vesly Lerir tested. And their to the religious notions to what end arc they to receive it merely to get of another set a and this sir is the whole grief a report from a committee and a grave decision of this House that it has no right to legislate upon Thia gift inject surely this is an Absurdity said or. G., for which no of Ember of this House will contend. It would be an Idle waste of time. Sir a id or. a for the principle would be pre Ance. Sir once commence this work and by then you have legislated conformably to the Peculiar notions of All our religious sects there Wil he Hittle of Liberty left to the people. You will have established a Complete clerical despotism. Or. Speaker said. Or. G., in b very clause of Quot the constr let Tion quoted Eisely the same suppose people were to be by the Honora ble diem Ber from. Massachusetts tuition Congress to interfere with the Domestic rela gains Elliis valuable provision Congress shall maker or eni Landl ought their petitions a a it Fow Reso actins an of religion if tons of France or England ought their petitions a a it Law i petting on Esus Lish ment of or in other words would Congress be bound to re this provision said or. G., is of any value at All alive and gravely consider the subject matter of it secures to every Man the right of maintaining his sch pet tit in Perth Only not. Again said or. Town religious opinions and conforming his practice to them., and. Their res w As not the before cd cited. But . Said he was Well 8alisfi.ed that if any portion of the Southern people were to p resent petitions designating the people of the North is lories or applying to them some other harsh and libellous epithet the Northern Mem Bers would readily feel the insult and refuse to receive such petitions. The terms of reproach Era played in these petitions were no less insulting and deserved at the hands of the South the utmost indignation. But said or. G., he was much astonished to hear from two gentlemen of such intelligence As the gentlemen from Massachusetts messes. Adams and Cushing any ragtime it drawn in. Favor of the reception of this other like petitions because they prayed for the abolition not Only of slave Igi but of the slave Trade As they a re ple ase d. To Calfi to in the District of Columbia. Upon what Prin is said or. G., that the african slave Trade can be a simulated to individual sales and purchases of slaves in the same state where slavery exists he said he was utterly at a loss to conceive. Surely the gentlemen we Ere too Learned not to know that the right to hold a slave As property involved necessarily the right to alien. It was a necessary and inseparable consequence. Or. Said the sales called the slave Trade by these holy petitioners were oftener the result of necessity than of Choice. They were Sorn times made to satisfy debts sometimes to Divide dead menus estates sometimes from one cause and sometimes another in. No Case ism Ever changing the condition of the slave except so far As in the character of their m, and if to idea Mother and children Are separated it is Only that which frequently happens with the master and his family. Every Day events Are transpiring and scenes taking place which Are deeply afflicting to our feelings but but said or. G., it has been contended and with much plausibility too that the article of the cons i Julion conferring on Congress the Pover of a sex co Sive legislation gentlemen contend that unlimited and unrestricted legislation was meant. Or. Denied the legitimacy of this conclusion entirely. He said the article itself contemplated cession from a state or states and the word i Clu sic Here used meant the Power of legislation exclusive of tie legislative Power of the state or states making the cession or of any other state. Exclusive jurisdiction said or. G., simply Means a jurisdiction exclusive of every outlier jurisdiction that it shall not be concurrent with any other jurisdiction. But the article in question was never in tended to convey the idea of a restricted and unlimited Power of legislation. This View or. A said he regarded As conclusive Independent of the restrictive clauses of the cession acts of Maryland and Virginia. The Power then said. Or. G., of Congress Over this subject having been without exception restricted As to the whole subject of slavery the people of the District of Columbia Are As clearly within the reason of the restriction As they Are entitled to its Benefit in common with All the people of the slave he lying s tates. . Said Lake from the people of the District the Protection of the con Stit to too. An d la Yiirs of the states which ceded it take from them the restrictions . By the Constitution of the United slates on Federal legislation and you at once determine that the government of the District is an absolute despotism. The people have no representation and will have no Security against tyranny and oppression save in the discretion of Congress a state of things opposed to the Genius of our institutions and an inequality which ought not to be tolerated. If then said or. G., this Nowr cannot be derived from the cent dilution is it Derivable from the cession acts of Virginia and Maryland certainly not if terms. Nor could he perceive a single word or sentence in these acts from which such a Power is fairly inf Erable on the contrary the acts Are restrictive and the circumstances in which Virginia and Maryland were placed being Large slave holding states conclusively prove that they did not intend by these acts to Confer this Power they could not have so much disregarded their own Security As to have done so. From whence then is this Power to be derived no where sir no where. But this is not All. These Cessions were made by the Ordinary Legislatures of Virginia and Maryland and they could not Grant any further Powers Over the people of the District than they possessed themselves they could not disfranchised this portion of their citizens and Transfer them bound hand and foot with unmitigated Chai As of despotism to any Power whatever it will be admitted that they could not. I then ask had the Ordinary legislature of Virginia which my this session the Power to abolish slavery in Virginia i say no it had not. I May be asked where is the restriction i answer in the Bill of rights of the people of Virginia which restricts and controls the Powers of the legislature and in her Coas Titu Tion. J j a can it be for a moment seriously contended said or. G., that though the government of Virginia cannot take from its citizens any portion of their property except for Public use and not then without adequate compensation that yet they have the right to confiscate or abolish property the idea to me is pro p Osterout. I laves were held As property in when the e Bill of rights and the Constitution. Were both adopted and were the sub jets in p Art to w hich. The protective principles of these instruments had reference. But now it is gravely contended that instead of Protection and Security to property these instruments admit the. Unqualified Power of its destruction. This sir Ean regard the refusal of this House to receive is petition and others of like character As a violation of their it skis and destructive of their a after ii cd a As an i re publican. A sir Quot if the . To and lib ties of the people of m Lassach us itts . D upon in Cir right to have petitions received and considered by i h i. House of viciously seeking to subvert the rights and liberties of the South by destroying their property and exciting by their incendiary petitions Southern slaves to insurrection and rebellion then indeed sir ought their liberties to be endangered. The Liberty of violent interfere Nee with the rights of others secured by the Constitution and Laws if they be so ought not Only to be abridged but entirely eradicated As dangerous in the extreme. But sir the gentleman must excuse us when we refuse to recognise in them a right which is actually subversive not in theory hut in practice of our own liberties destructive of our property and our lives. . �?~ said he would ask however what Liberty has h Cen invaded what right of these Petitioner b As Bec n violated the right of Petiti on l they Assam bled and petitioned without Interra Loq. The Freedom of the press they have presses in full operation. The Freedom of debate god know they have debated Here and elsewhere with perfect Freedom. The next thing will be we most abolish slavery or the liberties of the Northern people will be endangered. Or. Speaker 1 indulge the Hope that the gentleman himself and his constituents will think better upon this subject and come to More rational conclusions about Liberty. It has been said by the honorable gentleman from Massachusetts or. Cushing sail or. G., Ahtl tie refusal of this House to receive petitions. Would give Force and Elf Krency to the efforts of the s a Boli Dionisis and greatly Lucre a be their strength. I lop not Sai d . By. B i if it Werp so he it Only one thing to say and that was that he who for such insufficient cause would become an abolitionist is an abolitionist already at heart and Only wails a plausible pretext to throw off his Guise and enter upon his work. Or. Said that there were Many remarks of the gentleman which he forbore to reply to although susceptible of a very ready answer but would bring his remarks to a close. He said that he himself had been the object of some Peculiar attentions from some of the gentle and benevolent tribe of Aioli Tom Isis. They had transmitted him Many papers el8, and. Ali poetry no doubt w ill a View to insult him b it he said he regarded them., or w hate ver they might say or do with As concern. As he did. The dust under his feet. Or. A said that the gentleman fro m. Massachusetts had truly said that the agitation of this subject had created a degree of excitement which endangered the Union itself. Why then do Gentic men holding this opinion if they value the Union As they ought to do and would cherish free instill tons agitate this subject Why do they not throw themselves into the breach and save lots holy Ark a this Ark of safety and of Freedom this last Hope of Liberty in the w orld from the destroyers hand i leave them to make the ans woj to their come Tenet and their country. One thing i will say not to the Northern people for in them i have an abiding Confidence i yet believe thai by Legal me an8, and the Force of Public opinion the y will frown them Dis tubers of p a p Cace into the insignificance . Contempt which they Merit but to the abolitionists. I do not believe their leaders have any concern about emancipation but that their main object is to get up and keep up this excitement for selfish purposes. Many of them Are clergymen and want agencies and missions at forty or fifty dollars a month a some Are editors and wish to secure profitable patronage for magazines newspapers and pamphlets the others Are the deluded victims of the treachery of these leaders. But they May rest assured that without Force Thev can Nover effect their object. Whenever they so Ali res or to Force they May be assured that eve cry Field Over hich they narc a will bleach with their Bones and i rely r be Crim soned with blood g loft. Quot i Northern spirit. Letter Fri it a Gorrit Smith Esq. To gov. Marcy Peterboro Jan. 14, 1836. To William l. Marcy Esquire governor of the state of new York Sib a living in a land where the ruler is not the master but the servant of the people i. Need not apologise for the Liberty i take in addressing your excellency. The manner in which Yon discuss the dosing to lie in your last annual message to the legislature induced me to write and make Public a letter to a gentleman in Virginia in which 1 advert both to tiie injustice you do the a abolitionists a in relate cry. To their number an4 character and to the obvious policy of that injustice. It remains for me in tha present letter to show How greatly you misinterpret the a abolition a which has fallen under your Cera sures. That your error is the offspring of ignorance i am ready to believe far sooner than 1 am to implicate your integrity by adopting the alternative. Indeed it is altogether probable that y of Are quite As ignorant As the a anti slavery society As but too Many 0 Lher men. In a High places a Are of Tho Bible society als of of the Missi onary Socie Tyr and of the other Kindred associations which i Are at once the Oman e it and Blessing of the age men who h ave spent their lives in be Bemes. O f self aggtand.�8emen to in calculating the chances of political games arid in making morning and evening and noon Day sacrifices on the altar of ambition a As they can have no communion w ill the benevolent and holy spirit of these institutions so must their acquaintance with them be at the Best but vague and superficial. I mean that this letter shall not be wanting in respect and kindness. But considering the nature of y our attack on those with whom i am associated and that among Ether charges you a Taall j hold us up Asi m in of Halo Ody designs it would not to strange were i to be guilty of an. A Casio it l. Tras Pasa on those qualities. Nor has he who mate such an. Attack k. On. Men whose reputation is As fair As his own who prize that reputation As highly As he does his own and who propose to accomplish As much Good As he docs by the unsullied Punty and

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Newspapers allow readers to step into the life and times of past decades and centuries from all over the world. Not only do they have interesting and unique articles and photos, but they also have advertisements, comics, classifieds, and more.
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NewspaperArchive’s collection of newspapers boasts more than 85% unique content compared to other newspaper sites. In addition to big city newspapers, we have a wide variety of newspapers from small towns that hold a wealth of information about day-to-day life. Our collection dates back to 1607!