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The Philanthropist (Newspaper) - February 6, 1838, Cincinnati, OhioA a sir. By s. A a two a in pfc. A i 5�-si Ait Quot / a Sec a i a 1 _ it in a Vii a la pfc by the executive cdmmltm., a Apo ft4fg Antl Al very Ujj n Ipi. 11 we Art tray Fulty my cd Raicic it meter a a a a a time i. A 5i new series. Of a .r��?~4.-. 5 a a a a in can Cinatl tuesday february 6, 1838. The philanthropist we mod wbb Kly by the anti Blat Bry society a at. Come a of Man sixth a rebut Cincinnati. Ohio. Sifi Ailus of, pm lab Lmh a a at. Dolra uni i cents in Liitt Douan if not paid till the expiration of a pm year. Let in a a Antineta Abonyi be directed to the those relating to the editorial depart Esit to the a Diton. Pm ail pm put paid poetry. It a y it i the fou owing lines been written for Tea martyred Lover Ronld not have been More the Batti . Sia aft two this Riv Lac s Amaada were trampled by a carrying crowd and fiery hearts and armed hands a encountered in the Battle Doad. A never Diall the land forget How Andied the life blood of her braves dotted warm with Hope and valor yet. Upon the soil they fought to Savoy now a a a Calm and fresh and still a alone the chirp of flitting Bird an Tolk of children on the Hill. And Bell of Ara Dering Kine Are bean a no Aslen Host goes trailing by the Bladt mouthed Gatio the staggering Wain men Start not at the Battle cry of be it never heard again soon rested Taiwo who fought but thou who min Gleet in 8ie harder strife for truth which men receive not now. Thy Wasfi Leonly ends with life. A friendlies warfare f lingering Long through weary Day and weary year a wild and Many we atoned throng hang on thy front and flank and tear. Tet nerve thy spirit to the proof a and Blench not at thy shown lot tha timid Good May stand aloof a the Sage May frown yet amp int thou not i a nor heed toe Shaft too surely cast. The hissing stinging Bolt of scorn tor with thy aide shall dwell at last. The Victory of endurance Bora. Truth Eru Abed to too Earth Ahall Rita again the eternal years of chid Sie bar a but error wounded writhed with Puin and Dwa to Keg his worship pee. Yes though thou lie upon toe dash what Althom who Hal ibis fish in fir is foil of Hope and Manly Trust like Cooee who fell in Bettie Here. Anon list hand thy word shall Wiskel Rothsr band Law Standard was. Till from the Trompet s Mouth is Pesky the Mast of Triumph o or thy grave tllim4i.anthr0pist. Bid Tab by 0. Buy or. Cincinnati Tea any morning fat Mary of 183s. A aah Sasar Quot a a a irn Raagas a the voice of the world a wad some Power the Giftie i e us / to sea oor Sef s As others ass As it wad fire Monie a Blunder free a and of ouch notion. We do not publish the following articles Beca oae we hate our county or seek to irritate the feelings of our Fulow . But it is right we a Hoot knew How Ere stand Saum Stion of toe to ted. We act Otter the keen nation of Europe and to k of vital importance a Fame and the Geautt of free print pets that Emir too dust would be in accordance with our professions of Superior Devotion to truth Justice and Liberty. If any be to a Fiffi at to suppose Tost our character abroad k without ble a fth is Waesch them to read what k Pablo had below. A to Tbs motives or spirit of Daniel o a Onnel we say nothing they May be Good or bad the Only a nation that concerns t uak Dees he it eak toe truck of would to heaven we could aay not a but we dare not nearly All the charges he makes a amt in Are full of truth no wonder we should in toe eyes of the world. And it k no apology few a that those Laho ask use us have been As guilty As our. Srivan that acts of perfidy and inhumanity have deeply again. And toe Annak of their Botory. Their crimes Are no atone ant Fca Oura. Bendes they hard a right to reproach a t be cauda our prof ions have been higher and our Adan Tolian Thivia. The world naturally expected from it a Granter things than had yet been we have a need its expectation and richly Merit its Helmke. We Trakh its rebuke could Reubeh every Man woman and had in Toese United Beatea and Mani ulate Truever that be to a flt us Tahy which inflates us with toe notion As fides As a St is a Noas told outs k toe freest and greatest and Best of a Yatou Natkus toe Sun has Ever shone non. True our con a Catitti Pioci k a Noble one embodying and exemplifying free. Principia la Toter full extent. But we amp it below our con a Lutiao. Our character k at War with some of its most a Cimfl Fryne aaa our actions Are sub verse the of them. The Why we Are self deceived on the Point a arlook at Point log to to Reform and theory of our too Emmen. Marvellous infatuation a correspondent of the Pennsylvania sen Tinel informs us Tost after eroding toe extract from or. Of Connell s speech whih we give below he look Down a portrait of the gentleman that was hanging Over the mantel piece end committed it to the flames. There was More feeling than philosophy in this. We fear the indignant Patriot had a greater affection for he prejudices than the truth. Aully slavery . From the Londom Patriot atom. S7. A Public meeting by appointment of the anti slavery delegates in London from All parts of the United Kin by was held at Exeter Hall on thursday the 23rd inst. The object of the meeting was to take into consideration the measures Volch should be adopted in consequence of the grievous oppressions Practised on the negro apprentices or the British colonies. The attendance was numerous and of the highest respectability a on the platform we observed the Folio Wing members of Pargament a sir George Strickland Bart e. Baines w. Turner d. Of Connell Joshua Colefield e. A. Sanford sir t. Style Bart c. P. Villiers Joseph Pease Hon. Langdale w. G. Craig Marsland j. Rundle t. Sheppard a. White c. Hindley Philpotts Wood Gibson my Carthy Gillon Walker Charles Buller Halse John Collyer John guest Hutton Wilberforce of Brien Deniston t. Thornely Ord. The following ministers were also present a the reads. Or. Cox or. Philip t. Moreu g. Pritchard John bin re a Medhurst a Reed Caleb Moriis William Lauerie a Roe j. Edwards. Mille Sheffiel it Ell John bus. Of character in ,�?4n the commit Utica and free Pinili. Zerhma of our country. Foreign Era gather our character Wofle Oupe Etienete Aua there fire come to a vary diffs sent Eon. Dupion. Would Toey determine whether we Are a a Onset. Am and Juat Peop they fix their am on our Throe Milioni. Of Riavera. Am they a Tao people look at their Cong Reaa a Ira Aung under foot their Peti Kim and Paa Riog Reio Luticia. Aimed to abridge the Freedom of moral and religion of of flirt look at their Moba Awa Ping away Lawa a if Toay were cob Webe aug hog to a com the moot a acred guarantee of a their f . Persecuting from City to div Ika Dafen a Dala of univ Etoal Liberty and murdering the Man who Plant log upon he solemnly guarantied Rita Atod up 4unfliochtng advocate of equal and exact Juliea to Alt us a sacred regard for toe of at Iona of Good Flito Tea Ronal Hommr a tonal Justice look at their Ariere pc Oceola la War kick baited treachery to Warda Toa Gukl Micanopy and he fellow a he ii and to air texan robbery. Do they teen in Edom Why a or a to lament u on foot in their Cong Reaa to a r toe total degradation of a Large portion of their i and to extend toe Cane of undying slavery Over Stoat of a Vaal Teni tory violently torn from a Hava Tumut which had cow aerated it to perpetual a Ibert. True they Rama of and hew do we warm to Wal by a Pringle Archer John Campbell John Burnet Thomas Scales j. H. Hinton p. Brt a Star John Woodward to bin Ney j. Young j. Arundel Jan Tzatzos the , Captain Harward r. N., or. Blair the mayor of Bath. The following k toe extract referred to in too foregoing article red. Unit. It is not the slave alone who suffers but the Man who supports and abets the system. There May be physical degradation to the slave but there is moral degradation a urn in with Iron into the soul of the planter. Cheers he ceases to be a Man when be claims be a master of his fellow Man. I care not in what ice or county this inhumanity exists. I hat Pia All countries in the serfs of Russia in the Iroles under the Dominion of a ruthless miscreant tyrant cheers a and in the slavery of the unfortunate men of color and Erthe pretended friends of Liberty in the United states. Cheers do As you have always done be Foremost in tiie race of humanity. Proclaim it All Over the world that As you have bought your Freedom you will have value for your Money. Loud applause set an example to the nations of the Earth. Let the slave wherever he be leap of for Joy when he hears of the meeting of this Day and Hail it As the Advent of All that shul cheer him into life into Liberty. Loud cheers of we ought to Mak our immediately unanimously. Remember you have Only to cast your eyes beyond the american wave and see what is about to take place there. Behold those pretended sons of Freedom those who declared that All persons were equal in the presence of god that every Man had an inalienable right to Liberty and proclaiming it too in the name of god behold them asset rating it ill the name of honour their paltry honour. Loud cheers they Are at this moment organising new slave states. Remember that a nother country has been committed to slave holders. They have seized upon the territory of Texas taking it from the mexicans the mexicans having abolished slavery without apprenticeship. Loud cheers remember that they have stolen cheated swindled robbed a country for the horrible purpose of continuing in it slavery. Hear hear and cries of shame. Remember that there is a treaty now on foot in contemplation at least and Only postponed Between the president of the United states and these cruel ruffians til this robbery of Texas from Mexico can be completed. Of raise the voice of humanity against these republicans who have sentiments of Pride and feelings of self exaltation. Cheers let us Tell these republicans that instead of standing the highest in the scale of humanity they Are the basest of the base and the vilest of the vue. Immense cheers waving of hats and cries of there is a Community of sentiment All Over the world and on the wings of the press whatever so Humble and to significant an individual As myself addresses to you will be borne across the Waves of the Atlantic it will go up the Missouri it will be wafted along the Banks of the Mississippi and it will reach the in femal Texas itself. Immense cheers and though that pandemonium May scream at the sound yet they shall suffer from the lash of human indignation applied to their horrible crimes. Loud cheers if they be not arrested in their career of Piilo four new slave states will flow from it and from Texas to the Mississippi will be filled with slaves. Cheers o hideous breeders of human beings for slavery i cheers such Are the horrors of that system in the american slates that it is in possible in this presence to describe them and it almost pollutes the mind to think of them. Should the measures now contemplated by the a Sci icons be accomplished these horrors will be increased fourfold. Every commandment of the living god is to be trampled under foot by mammon and the human soul is to be degraded worse than the degradation of the human body. Cheers a expect nothing from their generosity. I cannot restrain Melf. Cheers it was Only the other Day that i read a letter from Philadelphia in the morning Chr Onido in which this scene is described a a red Man who has got the name of Powell whose Indian name i forgot a a voice a a Oceola a had carried on a War at the head of the Seminole indians against Florida. He had behaved with great boldness and bravery fought for his country and would have been one of those persons deified As a hero had he fought in a civilised nation and testimonials would have been reared to commemorate his deeds equal to those which have been raised to a Napoleon or a Wellington but what happens to this Warrior i the americans had been in trea of with him they invited him to a conference they path used him Protection. Thus confiding in their honour is he allowed to return of no the slave owner k himself but a slave still. He is not allowed to return he k carried Back a prisoner the Fromkes of cries of a shame of cry ont shame and let the cry be heard across the Waves of the i Ocean we arc the teachers of humanity the friends of humanity. What does it signify to us that the crime is not committed on British soil wherever it k committed is Are its exec actors cheers the american it is True boasts that he was toe first to Kaboush. The slave Trade Otfried on in foreign vessels. He was. But what was the consequence the Man who Abol shed it made he slaves at Home of More value to him when he had slopped the Supply from abroad. Cheers it was a swindling humanity it was worse than our 20 millions scheme it had the Gike of humanity human being who does not belong to us i we Are All children of the same creator heirs of the same Promise purchased by the blood of the same redeemer and what signifies it what their caste or color or Creed May be ? it is our duty to embrace their cause As the cause of humanity and while we inst upon doing away to the Best of our ability the stain of slavery from our own possessions our humanity extends beyond the confines of Hui by Empire of Britain and kits the and amidst the swamps of Texas Pran Uma in Man panting for Liberty that if we have not Power to remove his bondage yet he has friends a porters among the British nation. Loud a beef i thank you for having permitted this Appeal but i thank you More for having joined in it. Renewed cheers yours is not a selfish humanity confined to any climate. You join with me and i Trust that the period will come when if a Nerica does not redress the wrongs done to her slaves no civilised Man will feel himself justified in associating in private life with an american. Cheers a you would not keep company with a pick pocket or a swindler a murderer or a robber. Laughter Wii it in by my wities it to my whether they have murdered and robbed and swindled wholesale an entire people a Young and rising generation or in any other manner ? c Heers of Dii ions in France. From the a National enquirer esteemed Friend a the following article originally appeared in the Paris a a of Cronl cup and was translated into Spanish and printed in the mexican government paper of the 3d of october 1837, from which i hive translated May serve to exhibit to our fellow citizens what the French and mexicans think of the continuance of slavery in the country and of our treatment of the indians. It May perhaps to some minds answer in the place of the gift which bums thou to would be so useful when he said o i we Al Tome Power Tho Giflio go us. To Leo of Man a others and us toe. Thy Friend b. Lundy. J. A from the Diario Del Goberno translation general Jackson the late president of the United states and Martin Van Buren who succeeds him have issued a the former he Farewell address and the latter he inaugural speech a to the Peop of the Union. In some particulars the two addresses present an instructive distinction the time which the general pm Pennsylvania convention. To father toc following i team Concemi ing the proceedings of the convento Jan. 17th, 183b, from the Penn Al a aria Sentinel. Article 3d was next taken up the first Section was then read and is As follows see. 1st. In elections by citizens every Freeman of the age Oft Wenly one years having resided in the state one two years and if he had previously been a qualified elector of this state six months next before the elections and within two years that time paid a state or county tax which shall have been assessed at least ten Days six Moat i before the election shall enjoy the a hot of a election provided that freemen citizens of he United states the sons of persons qualified a aforesaid Between the Ages of Twenty-an4 Twenty two years and having resided in Siil tot a be foil toe sleet iii Ahall be Eti de to Vole although Toey shall not have paid taxes. A that which k in brackets is the report of the committee of the whole. That in Parent Heak k As in toe old Constitution. A or. Martin then moved that the Worth White a be inserted after the word a every a and before the word Adjo Raed. In toe Eft Trogon the Bdie dment was a upper Teddy or. Mattin and or. Sturdivant and opposed by mesna. Biddle Gawky and Earle. On thursday the dec Siaion was Coo tin Neil by Meredith is Rig a a Cuaig ii Mammina Bray til Whaff of tha a Nam Kmentt was by Earle Biddle Agnew and Reigart against. To too the spirit the advocates of toe am adment we sub join an extract from the report of toe Convent ton As published in the . Paix. Or. Cummins made a Long speech in the course of which he quoted largely from the scriptures to show that slavery has exited from the flood a Fiat it had its origin in the bad conduct of Ham Tow a is he lather Noah whom a laughed at while drunk. He thought that a Mark had been placed upon them by an almighty hand and it k Folly to attempt to alter that which god in he infinite Wisdom has ordained. He contended that these individuals who had been most zealous in upholding this unfortunate and degraded class of men by attempting to instil bad restless feelings in their bosoms would in the hour of danger of peril or of War be the last to defend their country. Or. C., though rather crude As a speaker is nevertheless a of Khlil representative and what is More an honest Man. Or. Brown was opposed to granting toe right of voting to the degraded race Toey enjoyed no privileges nor dare they set their feel upon the soil of Virginia Maryland Delaware Michigan and the penal code of Ohio prevented them from longer remaining upon her soil. We came Here As statesmen to deliberate and if possible carry out such principles As will rive the greatest Good to the greatest number. He entertained no bad rident that he never can return to the supreme direction of the affairs of the nation. He exhibits sometimes the frankness of the old Soldier of which he has not been Able to divest himself with the prejudice of the statesman. He fears not to bequeath to he country austere counsels and he Adieu possess All the Gravity of a will. He successor m the co Titra by being but at the co Momence of his magistracy gives no proof of the same Independence. The people of the United states is a Sovereign Power without any limitation More absolute than any which k known else Wir. Van Buren is forced to be complaisant to the despot he is going to serve. He works upon their passions he exalts them and adopts every expedient to arouse them. Greatest personally towards the negroes he had feelings worked eral pm mod in i two Terion a i a la sat it Toaso umm Muht Thrim office his age and feb Ocheal Render hints of pen the Dohrs for the abolitionists if we do it will be impossible to calculate what May be the result. The South had been accused of interfering with the rights and privileges of the citizens of Pennsylvania. It was not the fact she had never i Otery ered with any of our Rig hts but it seemed that a feeling was abroad in Pennsylvania which would break the shackles of the slave and set them Loose in their ignorance non our you were to Grant them the right and it attempted to he exercised it would be the signal for their destruction and there would not be a tenement occupied by that class of persons in the county of Philadelphia that would not be razed to the ground. The Queets Dii we Finelly decided on the 20th. The re a ult k thou Given by the Sentinel. In Addith on to the difference both the presiden Jestion Fod by me a. Show themselves Tobe Equana imbued with ,, amp a. National prejudice pre occupation which old Eite rope has implanted in the minds of the american ski by its interested flattery. The prejudice k the Relief that the United states surpass All other peole in civilization and that its Constitution presents More opportunities of Prosperity Liberty and peace than any other in the world. Such an error is perhaps perfectly innocent beyond the Ocean but As it is wished to induce such a belief Here we must demonstrate its futility. Are the americans entitled to set themselves up As an example for the whole world to follow ? every people should contribute to the improvement of society. The part of the americans in the comm on work is great and grand according to Gan. Jackson a Providence a says he a has chosen them As the defenders and guardians of Liberty for the Benefit of the human if they ave received in reality this Mission from Providence it is very Plain they fulfil it very far from protecting Liberty amongst others they do not even suffer it among arms foes a and seeing the liberality of other nations they still hold slaves no one doubts but the question of Aho Leahing slavery is beset with difficulties and there is no one that exacts More prudence but covetousness rather than fear absolutely prevents them from entering upon an Exa Mafton of the question. The recent and decisive experience of England in its sugar raising colonies and the Happy trials of it in France made so Many years proves that the k a difficulty very easily overcome. A but if you expect Security if you value your lives retain not such a curse in the bosom of your nation. Those who devote themselves to the work of humanity however much sagacity they May have for the exercise of their apostleship should be marked As so maj odious disturber worthy of the greatest and these words of the chief magistrate of the Republic the people respond to with the most cruel persecutions and second them frequently with assassination the human race should also demand of Tho go verment of the Union the most severe account of its conduct with respect to the last sorrowful remnants of the Indian tribes. How pleasing a told it have Bee n to Civ Eize them a but the unite d states thought it More easy and expedient to destroy them and for forty years All is Dircz Llyd to this end and the narration of a the treachery injustice and violence which has been employed for this purpose would form a most lamentable history. When their obstinate maintenance of slavery and the systematic extent nation of the indians Are recollected they must certainly be overwhelmed with same for pretending to the title of one of the most civilized countries and he who says that it is so whilst guilty of these two Outram on humanity should certainly he told that he be Mien to Irani the omit inn of the word Wilt of by Over whelming a All the county members with the exception of i Gas Earle voted for the insertion of the word and All the City members wit i the exception of the Hon. Judge Hopkinson against it. Or. Scott a amendment was then taken no and Ost when or. Dunlop offered his which is now under consideration. The convention adjourned at half past 7 of clock. West ind Lei apprent Keesli to system we Heve been Peia full interested in examining several Pum cations recently forwarded to us from England of the nature and effects of the apprenticeship system in the West ladies. It is to be regretted that the Benevolence of the British government has been exercised in such e Way As to be of very Little use to the objects it was designed to Benefit this system considered As an Experiment is of vast interest to the United states. We cannot watch too attentively its operations we cannot know too much of its effects on the condition and character of the apprentices. Every Abol ii Ioni it especially should he Well furnished with information on this subject in order to Correct the Mia statements of the pro slavery press with regard to the insubordination us tel enema of Tho apprentice and the whole country ought fatty to understand the character of the planters the nature of the policy they have adopted the present condition of the apprentices and Tho stupendous impositions to which they Are a ejected to at to be Able should the Experiment fail of Ita objects or the labourers be impelled to deeds of violence to reason calmly and correctly Concemi ing the causes. There can he Little doubt that in the present state of the Public mind an insurrection in the West indies would be looked upon by e majority of our countrymen As the legitimate product of the principles of abolition when if they would Only take the trouble carefully to inspect the state of things in the islands they would perceive that the evil bad Ariaen from disobedience to these principles from the adoption of a system of gradualism equally condemned by sound policy and inflexible Justice. One of the pamphlets received is entitled a statement Finete illustrating the administration Law and the sufferings of the negro apprentice in the Island of this a statement Quot k to much in accordance with what might have been expected reasoning from the nature and not int of the system itself is so accordant with All previous testimony and corroborated from to Many to urges that we do not hesitate to give it our full a sigh. It contains an account Fitte Quot which occurred in the Park of St. Thomas in the Vale Between Fijat of july and the 1st of no vember 183�. It Saeta that up to the Miille of the year 183i, St. Mbonu iii the Yale had remained in a state of Greet Tia ii Quilty. The system was working in All Point just to suit the Pantoia answering their Purpo eee quite As Usu As the ancient order of things. About the period the Marque of Sligo removed a pedal magistrate who h de Given Universal satisfaction. A Tiec notice of he doings and character will show Bow Tranquillity was preserve cd Aud what a Tribu tes Render a mag karate popular among the planters a a the or. Jones had taken up his residence with an overseer on one of sir Alexander Grants estates where he lived at Little or no expense. He he was habitually in a state of beastly intoxication and in order to indulge in that unhappy propensity which in fact eventually destroyed him he was constrained to make himself the subservient tool of every unprincipled overseer in the a strict. 0 be example of this will s u office 0 ii the property at which or. Jones had taken up his residence the overseer had taken offence at a poor old watchman and one morning he brought him before or. Jones and preferred some very frivolous charge of ner ducting he watch. The Man clearly proved he innocence and begged the magistrate not to Pun la aim. Jones not having yet to senses to the req Kito Point of unconscious Neua turned to the overseer and said a or. Wetter i cannot punish this Man he has done nothing wrong you must forgive him. The overseer replied a i cannot let him off i insist on his being the was enough Jones addressing the old Man said a Well you see Ray Good follow 1 cannot help you Busha will have you punched a and he was forthwith sent for three Days to the House of correction at Rodney the magistrate App muted in he Placa was or. Palmer whoe name is already familiar to our readers. His character k thus described in a letter from an it exigent m Lasicki Ary to a gentleman in London i write at present to Raco Mimiel to your Nia Iee or. Palmer tha Wel mixed Fri aim of the poor negro. As a pedal Justice he has acted a just Pru Dmit and determined part for which he has been twice suspended once by the Marquis of Sligo and now by sir Lio iral Smi in our present lieutenant governor. A regular conspiracy was formed against him among the planters and they succeeded too Well with Tho , or. Pamer was already Well known is the determined opponent of oppression and he appointment occasioned a Good Deal of excitement among the planters. Shortly after his arrival thay expire aged to fair hatred of him in a very decided Way. At the parochial court of Quarter Eek ii on a the Gentry com Pong the grand Juty at the Cloea of their sitting made a formal presentment to the court denouncing the pedal Justice of the Parish As in a intolerable no Isa uce and in the same document they expressed their warm a Capet and esteem for the removed stipendiary or. Jones in very Many ways was or. Palmer annoyed by the a Ftfe stations of their dislike. , reason Why there had Bee Ueo undisturbed repose now became evident. It was not that the negroes were Well treated and had no cause of complaint against their masters but because they dared not Oom Ain. Their quiet was the quiet of d Espair. The following is a most gloomy picture a a the apprentice population were in a state of great unhappiness. They carried in their countenances the traces of the deepest dejection and Long suffering. Nearly every vestige of their Legal rights had been trampled under foot the planters had heft allowed the most absolute to Karol and such was the uniform want of protect tits the negroes had experienced and their dread of magisterial interference that in the event of any attempt to resist even them Ost palpable if infringement on their rights the planter had Only to Tii Craten to Send for tiie magistrate and All Resk Tance immediately ceased. In Point of physical Comfort the people were decidedly in a much worse condition than in slavery. The hours of labor were fixed at the sheer Caprice of each manager Field labor almost universally commenced before Sunrise and terminated at dusk with one interval in the Middle of the Day usually about one hour and a half yet the planters called this a a Difu hours system on most estates the apprentices had Thouy been deprived of the fridays and a Large proportion of their saturdays had been taken from them by the magistrates to satisfy the rapacious demands of the planters on the ground of neglect of duty and there is every reason to be Sieve that the c greater Pai t of such charges were either entirely fraudulent or dishonestly exaggerated. Saturday being the Only Day in the week allowed to the apprentice to procure Liis food and keep up the cultivation of his provision grounds the deprivation of so Large a proportion of his time had reduced him in a great number of instances to the very verge of starvation and the greater part of tie provision grounds were rapidly falling out of cultivation. The people had been systematically defrauded in the contracts for extra night labor in crop the Field Cooks and water carriers had been withdrawn mothers of families were denied time to attend to their children those with Young infants were allowed no nurse to take care of them while at work in the Field and were thus often compelled to work with Timeir children strapped to their backs and even when rain came Down in torrents they were obliged to remain in the Field with their infants exposed to it. The sick were not Only utterly neglected but the Hospi tals w Erc converted into loathsome prisons where the sick were kept in close confinement without being fed or the smallest attention being paid to their comforts. Added to this the dreadful punishments by Flo Ngy by the tread Mill by hard labor in Chalna a solitary imprisonment in dungeons and by heavy mulits of their own time had been so frequent and so inevitably followed every accusation of the planters that Fife poor apprentices were constrained to submit in silence to every injury and comply with every demand however iniquitous that was made by their a but no sooner did they see a Chapel of obtaining Justice than they eagerly Laid hold of in their daily complaints brought to Light innumerable instances of injustice and cruelty. Crowds of apprentices a have rang Froiran two to three Hundred thronged to the court Houm at Rodney Hall every saturday to detail their pie Vance. Or. I wer first sought a to conciliate the planters by privately Rod courteously suggesting the Abando Tinnent of some of the More prominent of their oppressive regulation but he was in sauces Raul. We cannot forbear quoting a few facts illustrative of the terrible cruelties Practised on Tho wretched apprentice and the immeasurably depriving inf Lueticia of the spirit of slavery on moral . Paix. A it a recurs to us that in order to convey sore idea of the working of the apprenticeship in St. Thomas in the Vale under the dispensation of some of the previous mag karate it would be Well Here to introduce a Fow striking dam plea which we have selected Para the Nasa do Doc Umekita a fore us. Jane Grey of omit pleasant when Between seven and eight months advanced in pregnancy was taken before or. Jones and charged Riffi re fusing to work in the great gang her to 24 hours solitary confirm is ement in the House Dungeon. She was sent to a distance of about 10 or 12 Mil Derwent her sentence she was without a morsel of food and 36 hours without Tashii any. Punishment she was again gang but on appealing to the he directed that she Mould Drens gang. One Day whilst Raie came on and she and the shelter in the watchman shut about an hour tie overseer heard of to turn them out to their work although it stir raining heavily and to of Kin kif for the one hours absence Hethe gang to work the whole of a a a a this they did with and for her refusal she was i _ Ning taken to Rio Magno before or. Jones Tobe punched for her disobedience. Who Hal being Jimil on Friis charge she was seized with the Priidu off labor and was nearly bringing Forth her child in or. Jones a presence. She had just Lime to Rich Honfi when she was delivered and eight Days after that the child was dead Isabella Douglas of Berry Hill Plantation the course of a deposition she Laid before or. Palmer made the following statement a that soc after the 1st of August the people were ordered to be put Oil the eight hours system and to in Trio their fridays. But being a jobbing gang .<i0a working at a great distance and it Vii to wm0 Home at the end of each week they said Fetky could not do without the Friday they therefore refused to comply with the order Given ind took the first Friday that was due to them after Tneia order wag Given. The overseer sent for Meairda. Jerdan and Cocking special magistrates who hindered most of the men to be severely flagged by the police and sent several of the women to different houses of correction. She Isabella doa Gla was sent along with a girl named Harriett to Buff Bay workhouse in St. Georges. Tho girl Harriett was far advanced in pregnancy Yot she was sentenced to five weeks hard Ido a shortly after her return from the punish edit Sho was delivered of a dead child and Wittin Ono fortnight after that poor Harriet herself waa a Corpse Sarah Murdoch an apprentice to a or. Jehn son of London Ridge has had six children All of whom Are dead. In the Middle of 1836, she was again pregnant and w As very sickly with it. Sho applied to be excused from labor but was Refo aed. Her master demanded equal work from her at from the rest of the gang. When advanced to Tho seventh month she went one saturday to her Una bands House on new Hall estate was there takes ill with a severe Bowel complaint hich confined her for several Days and left her very weak. Sho now determined on account of being unable to work to remain at her husbands House As oho was sure her master would be tor Woik. She Remai lived Tipert three then sent for by her master and of a Plantation Constable was sent Cial magistrate or. Jones. Her master appear in person he simply sent a letter containing his charge against her. Or. Jones notwithstanding the woman was then eight months Gono in pregnancy sentenced her to 14 Days hard labor in the workhouse and to work upon the Treadmill morning and evening. On the fourth morning immediately after coming off the Mill whilst standing with the rett of the penal gang men and women together wit ii to in officials of the institution she suddenly gave Iruh to an infant which fell to the ground dead. I of Driver was at the time a cutting and slashing it the people to drive them out to their work Aad was about driving this poor woman he not having seen what had happened. But the Supei Risor coolly called out a no that woman will not be Able to go out after that a and turning to her he said a be off with you to the the woman replied a Omassa me can to Lef my dead pick Ninny on the ground to the Appeal no attention was paid and the supervisor left the place. She then ill As she was took a Hoe made a Small Hole in the workhouse Yard and Widi thu Hoe Drew her dead infant into its shallow grave and covered it with Earth. For three weeks after that she Lay dangerously ill. This horrible statement was corroborated in All its particulars on the oath of an Eye witness named Henry Lyon attached to Mickleton Plantation. On Muse Plantation the proprietor or. My in Tosh Brough a charge against his whole gang before or. Jones the special magistrate for insufficient work having been done. Or. Jones for the single charge sentenced the whole body of apprentices to forfeit 17 alternate saturdays. That sentence would deprive tiie people during upwards of eight months of one half of the Means of obtaining their food. Or. Titomas Baynes the special magistrate on one occasion sentenced an apprentice on Treadway a estate to forfeit no less than 260 alternate saturdays extending the Many a punishment vow a period of ten years a we a from the eve eng poet Power of Cott Gresa Over the District of Colum Hla no 4. The abolition of the slave Trade by Congress i 1808, is another illustration of the competency legislative Power to abolish Slavely. I he afr slave Trade has become such a Mere Techma in Roon parlance that the fact of its being proper by is overlooked. The buying and Sel Quot Trai importation and the horrors of the Sage were Mere incidents of the slavery m _ the victims were held. Let things he called their own names. When Congress abolished the african slave Trade it Abol shed slavery a a Epreme slavery Power frantic with License reefing and trampling a whole Hemish Bere swathed with Ita fires and running Down with blood. True Congress did not in the abolition of the slave Trade Smyk do be i very within its Juriado Etiopi but it did a Bokk a in one part of its Juriado Etiopi and what has Itow it of Power to Aboltin slavery in another part of its jurisdiction sped Kelly in that part where it has a exclusive Legola Fioz in All whatsoever la the Constitution of the United Spates w sizes the Power by the most Oon a naive in Frio ten. In Art. 1, Sec. 3, Danse 1, it prohibit the abortion of the slave Trade previous to 1808 implying Hilret the Imper of Congress to do it Al once Halm tiie restriction and second Ita Power do it unc Nib tonally when that Power ceased. Again in Alt. 4, sie.2, a no Peison held to service or labor in 4

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