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The Philanthropist (Newspaper) - April 24, 1838, Cincinnati, OhioSees join Issue with the abolitionist in a kind and thorough discussion of the merits of their system. Resolved that As the a free communication of thoughts and opinions constitutes the essence of republicanism and As the continued existence of this right has become identified with the Triumph of the cause of a immediate emancipation a abolitionists Are hound by a sacred regard for the perpetuity of our free institutions never to yield the ground of Tbs wisc Miok. The philanthropist. Edited by o. Bailey or. Cincinnati tuesday morning april 4, 1838. A to District of Columbia is an address delivered before the anti slavery society of Lenawee county by b. Workman a very Good production we shall try to make room for an extract or two in our next. A discourse on the Alton outrage delivered at Peacham Vermont december 17th 1887, by the Rev. Leonard Are Tunny ver excellent sentiments in this discourse. 4vhe author however appears to have fallen into a signal error with regard to or. Lovejoy. He thinks or. Lovejoy did not a act in conformity to the precepts and to the example of our lord Jesus Christ a and that instead of defending himself he should have died an unarmed unresisting and yet in the paragraph immediately following the declaration of these sentiments he is careful to insist that human life by he lawfully taken away by civil government. In ordaining civil gov eminent he remarks a cod seems evidently to have entrusted it with the sword and to have authorized the use of in maintaining its rightful authority and die majesty of Good and whole it should be used especially to put gets mobs and All unlawful combinations against the peace ind order of the Community. Now is or. Worcester ignorant of the fact that i. Lovejoy was acting under the authority of the civil govern ment and that he and his companions were the instrumental ties by which the civil offi cers attempted to defeat a most a unlawful combination a such was the fact and or. Worcester therefore with his opinions of the Peroga lives of civil government cannot with any consistency attach blame to or. Lovejoy for a being slain with arms in his hands the problem solved or the slave Holder tested in a series of letters written by Rev d. R. Gill Meiyu Gerrit Smith Esq. And Hon. Carter Traxie friends at Cazenovia have published the whole of this singular correspondence in Pam form. We Hope they will Favot or. Braxton with a copy. Pry we have received the first number of the Wesleyan anti slavery review containing an Appeal to the methodist episcopal Church by Rev. O. Scott. Part 1st is entitled slavery and the Church part 2d, the Bible argument part 3d, general conference part 4th, conference a rights part. 5th, sundry articles. The Appeal is an invaluable document written with or. Scott a usual ability. From it. Agitation in the Only one of Many instrumental ties employed by abolitionists. The removal of the seat of government to a free soil so far from allaying the dreaded excitement would he hailed As a Triumph Over the spirit of slavery. It would give new Hope and Zeal to abolitionists it would be a National sentence of condemnation on the whole system of slaver a convention question in Quot Kentucky. The editor of the Elizabethtown Star by thus states the convention questions Quot the convention question had Ticen agitated for More than Twenty years in the Kentucky legislature and legislative action upon the subject had coat the state immense Money. Hence Many voted in favor of the Bill with a View of merely taking the sense of the people As to Che propriety of calling a convention. Others voted for it with the design of getting the people to change the Constitution so As to have our county courts abolished our judiciary regulated and clerks elected and others that a convention might Settle disputed Points in the Constitution. But it has never been publicly assorted that the design is to abolish slavery although we know that the moral and religious of the com Manity would eagerly seize upon such a crisis for the total but gradual annihilation of the editor of the Star with his usual boldness caul for a Western sex skew ecu five committee of the Pennsylvania anti slavery society have agreed to Call a convention o delegates from the Twenty Western counties of the state. The convention will meet in Pittsburgh on the third wednesday 16 of May next at 16 o clock a. M. Del Fisk societies within a Church. Or. Fisk complaining of the formation of a cities within die Pate of the Church says a these May be made the most efficient organs of schism. No matter under what name they pass a Uhlon societies As in Baltimore the a association As in Eagland under the Flag of the Warrener a anti slavery societies As at present in our conferences they Are All or. Fisk must have lost sight of the origin of methodism when he uttered thi sentiment. Has he forgotten that the first society of methodists was organized within the established Church in England ? John Wesley a at once introduced a party and an organized party within the Church. He did not suppose this dangerous to the peace of the whole body or productive of schism. His organization he thought was rather calculated to bring out in full practical develop a meet doctrines which had remained latent in the bosom of the Church a dead Tetter on the pages of its Creed. It is altogether unfair and inconsistent for or Fisk to find fault with s practice which was the germ of that vast religious body of which is a member. In condemning the principle of the formation of societies within a Church he condemns the father of methodism. Retrocession of the District of Columbia oar readers Are aware that the project of Retro ceding the District of Columbia to die states of Virginia and Maryland has for some time been seriously agitated. April 10th, in the House of representative or. Bouldin from the committee on the District to which had been referred a Resolution in relation to the retrocession of said District reported against the measure and asked to be discharged from further consideration of the subject. The report was Laid on the table. The subject was brought up on die next Day by or. To hoped that some member who had voted for laying the report on the table would move a reconsideration of that vote. Or. Harlan accordingly made such a motion. Quot or. Wise said if the vote wee reconsidered he would move to refer foe report of foe District committee to the ii Iti,-njfc.ait/ln i Omi Shtibe of use w note. Or. Muon of Ohio moved to by the motion to reconsider on the Teble or. Wise demanded the yeas and Al Jap bar of wow a it or. Adams said that he would vote for the motion to refer he wished to show the gentleman from Virginia the question of abolition and also the question of re we seat of government were involved in the Dis a or. Wise said that a could demonstrate to the Enteman from Massachusetts fort the abolitionists wished to keep this District Here under the control of the Federal government As a Feldor their operations. The motion to reconsider we Laid on the table ayes 83�? mls we Are very sorry or. Wise was Defeated in join Pom. If he had succeeded the whole sub of ambition would Nafo rally have for Rah so that or. Wise would have done service for abolitionists in the House Calhoun has done for them in the sen slaveholders Are prime agitators. As to Thia thing of retrocession we do not know what particular Benefit slave holders would derive and Independence declares himself i favor of the convention. He says Quot for our own part we Are ready to uphold a convention with �11 our a might and main a if the question should happily Eoina to such an Issue. The time Lias come when the Genius of Universal emancipation bids Kentucky throw off foe massive weights which encumber her Tody energies when foe Bugle of Liberty should lid up the thrilling Milo Diee of african Jubilee when the Freedom of the slave and Prosperity of the master should he realised in one continuous burst of Joy Anil the Welkin ring with the omnipotent shout of Freedom. Happy eral who does not desire its consummation let a flood of conviction deluge the wrong doer let the thunders of truth in Sinai terrors fall upon the oppressor but four fifths of kentuckians desire the gradual colonisation of slaves. The great obstacle is that the question is exciting the. Men who handle it in the North obnoxious and an effectual plan hardly we commend this paragraph to the special attention of the time serving timorous editors of the North whose consciences Are like that of Bryce sail foot a a my conscience a he said a Maister Mordaunt is As tender As ony Many a in my degree but she is something of a Tim orsome nature cannot abide angry Folk and can never speak above her breath when there is aught of a fray going forwards. Indeed she has at All times a Small and Low voice As to the obstacles mentioned by the editor of the Star we do not believe that he himself attaches any great importance to them. Americans of All other people should be fearless of the settlement of this country was the product of exc Teneni. Our glorious revolution was the work of excitement. Our entire career As a people has been marked by extraordinary excitement an essential feature of our National character is High excitability the Structure of our government the Frame work of our society the character of the circumstances in which we Are placed Are All directly calculated to generate excitement. We live and breathe on excitement the excitement of free thought free speech and free action. Excitement is the unfailing accompaniment of the spirit of Reform and is the last thing that should be dreaded in a country dedicated to Reform and the unlimited improvement of the human species. Despotism alone seeks perfect % repose. It fears agitation As it fears death it would not have a single breath of excitement to ruffle the Bead Calm of a nations stagnant energies. Its reign lasts Only while the people sleep. Why need a free people fear excitement it can destroy nothing among them that is Good and As to the evil who would have it preserved have we forgotten that As a nation we Are pledged to the rectification of All abuses to the continual advancement of All the interests of Man and to perpetual strivings after All the excellence of which civil society is capable have we forgotten that our practices Are yet far from being conformed to our principles that our social condition is yet far from realizing the Beautiful theory of our Republican institutions Are we willing that Tifis discrepancy should Al ways exist shall the fear of excitement a necessary Condi Tion to our increasing greatness deter us from efforts to make our conduct consistent with our professions to carry out to its full extent the glorious principle of the equal rights of All men a a principle consecrated by the sufferings and death of the revolutionary fathers a principle which we yet fondly Hope is to uproot the mood stained thrones of despotism and burst asunder the Fetters which now bind the energies of millions of our fellow beings no let the heart of the american nation throb with the High excitement of the spirit of Reform let the mind of the whole nation resolve on the destruction of every system which makes War on the fundamental principles of our republicanism. None need fear except the criminals except those who love themselves More than their country who think More of their own Petty interests than the claims of Justice and humanity. With such we Are quite sure the editor of the Elizabethtown Star has no Affinity of feeling or interest. Another a a obstacles mentioned by the Star is that an a effectual plan is hardly True an effective plan for the Quot a gradual colonization of the slaves a is hardly Dev Isable. If Kentucky could Only be so far released from the prejudices naturally arising from the existence of the slave system As to look dispassionately on Tjie results of immediate emancipation in the West indies her difficulties about an effectual plan for abolishing slavery would soon vanish. Let her so Amend her Constitution As to Confer upon her legislature Power to Jeon Vert by one act All her slaves at once into freemen. Let the act then foe passed and the thing is done slavery is abolished free Laborera take the place of slaves and All the difficulties involved in the perplexing processes of gradualism and colonization Are avoided. All this May seem wild but ii will seem so Only because the people of Kentucky have not yet attentively examined the question of immediate emancipation in the Light of philosophy and fact. The work of Thome and Kimball on the West indies just published beautifully illustrates this subject we should think that its literary merits the treasure of facts it contains a knowledge of which must be of signal advantage to any state or people who May meditate the abolition of slavery and the fact that one of its gifted authors is a native of Kentucky and at this time a resident there would Render it peculiarly acceptable to a Large portion of the citizens of that state. Another a a obstacles noticed by the Star is the obnoxious character of the men of the North who handle the subject of slavery. Now what has created so much hostility among slave holders to this class of men the depth and extent of their attachment to free principles and the fact that they have ventured to discuss a system which has no existence in the states where they reside. It is needless to vindicate their Earnest Devotion to the cause of human rights kentuckians we Are sure cannot find it in their hearts to blame any set of men for Zeal in so Noble a cause. But a they Are and Why should they be thus denounced do kentuckians feel As if they had no interest in the Union have they no concern in the Prosperity and Honor of the whole country Are All their ideas of country confined to their own state have they no appreciation of that patriotism which Over leaping sectional boundaries feels itself at Home in every one of these sister states what then is Otto crime we Are a in ter meddlers a Inte meddlers because we feel As americans because we act As if our sympathies and interests our Hopes and fears our shame and Honor were wrap up in the destinies of the whole Republic because we spurn All sectional barriers that would bar our fraternization with the people of the slave holding states. Our crime is that in seeking to promote our country a True interests and Lory we have forgotten All about sectional divisions forgotten that we were northerners remembered Only that we were americans and with the feelings of americans talked about slavery As if it were really a concern of ours. We plead guilty we have thus Inte meddled we have surely acted As if the Republic were one great family. Arc we therefore to be denounced does this make us odious will slave holders hate us because we have thus spoken to them with the familiar Freedom and boldness of Brethren aha they would not do so were it not for the noxious influences of that system which from the beginning has warred against our Union engendering discard in the Republic and continually creating an opposition of character sympathies and interests be tween its two great sections. A proc Iwuc Dity Sii or a glaring inconsistency. Conservative writers in the methodist Episco pal Church Are free in their denunciations of unauthorized conventions. They Are unwilling that any thing should be done in the Church for which there is not full precedent or written warrant. An anti slavery convention is stigmatized As unlawful though it violate no disciplinary regulation nor be opposed to any usage. There is a glaring though very common inconsistency observable in this world of ours. You shall hear men rejoicing in the advancement of the human mind. They talk of the Progress of civil society of the daily accessions to the common Stock of knowledge of the multiplying triumphs of science Over prejudice and superstition of some Lucky discovery or wet directed investigation by the Light of which we Are enabled to see evils before hidden to rectify abuses once thought unmanageable or to multiply our instrumental ties of action and enjoyment. Ask them whether human nature has not attained to All the excellence of which it is capable whether the world May yet calculate on an enlarged sphere of mental vision on a multiplication of its energies on an augmentation of its purity and happiness and they almost feel insulted by the doubt implied in such questions of Many a exalted destinies and the gracious purposes of Providence. And yet these same men will act As if they believed that All improvement was at an end that every thing had been gained that was valuable new thoughts new propositions new measures Are objects a of their implacable if you suggest something their fathers never thought of they reject it for that very reason. If you hint that in times of ignorance notions were advocated practices allowed measures adopted whose absurd in fullness or inefficiency the lapse of a Hun ears May have made Manifest they revile one that Dis honors the dead denounce you As a bold innovator and with a most devout air avow their intention to Cleave to the Good old ways. In their holy horror of change they will not so much As bestow a single thought. On that to which you solicit their attention. Their whole conduct indicates that they believe in the infallibility of their fathers and the perfection of the legacy bequeathed to them. It is this Blind uncompromising death set spirit of conservatism which in All the Large ecclesiastical organizations in this country is striving to break the Power of anti slavery Effort. Silence under certain circumstances opposition to abolition. Beside persecution contempt or open argument there Are Many ways of opposing abolitionism. Sometimes the strongest opposition is that which is not so intended and our most formidable opponents May be those who Are unconscious of any hostility to our designs. We can easily illustrate our meaning. Vast numbers of people have assembled to listen to a lecture from an individual eminent on account of his influence talents and exalted moral Worth. The subject of the lecture is the nature of american republicanism the dangers which threaten it and the Means requisite to make it Safe available and perpetual. The lecturer discourses in a style befitting the subject energetic solemn Sublime. He glowingly depicts the dangers which beset the Republic. Now we Are pointed to the crowds of uneducated vicious foreigners that delude our Shore then to the ignorance and licentious habits of the fewer classes of our population then to the fearful consequences of Strong Well furnished intellect Jan sanctified by Grace and unregulated by moral principle then to Sabbath breaking intemperance my divers other alarming practices. One thing however you miss throughout the whole lecture and that is the most Distant allusion the extent to which it Lias been recognised by our Federal Constitution How far it has alloyed and impaired the vigor of the free principles of our institutions what an important class of Peculiar interests it has created in this nation How in it is incorporated into the Frame work of the fairest portion of our cot Mary Hovrie Fermi t has fastened its hold on the vitals of one half of the Church of Christ How ingeniously it has contrived for forty Eara to fashion the Domestic and foreign policy of the nation How corrupting an i fluence it has exerted Over the senti Arentt pc North and How greatly it has alienated a find a Lions from the doctrine of human rights what unexpected but Able auxiliaries it has found a a free states in the persons of eminent divines politicians and judges what havoc it has made of fundamental constitutional rights at the South and what tremendous assaults it has directed against free Dom of thought speech and the press and the right of petition at the North How decided its tendencies to create clashing interests and sympathies to nullify this glorious Union and at length to involve the whole so so Man earthquake destruction a these these trip topics he does not a Iron Elf during the whole period of his lecture nay he never once tells you that there is such a thing As a slave in the country. Now what is the effect of such conduct As this plainly to injure mightily the cause of abolition. Hear How one of his intelligent auditors would reason. A Weil i am More than Ever convinced that to Fiat you Tell me about the evils of slavery and the necessity of its removal is All imaginary. You would Fain have me believe that no single circumstance is so hostile to our free institutions and threatens so strongly to defeat our great Experiment of self government As the existence and increase of slavery. Suffer me to Appeal from you whose brain is overheated by an ill timed Zeal to better authority the lecturer i heard this evening is a Man of profound mind. He has lived Long in the world and examined with the Eye of a philosopher All the causes that May act on a nations welfare. Withal he is a devoted Christian and he feels too deep an interest in his country and has too much Independence to keep Back a truth which All should know. He delivered a lecture on republicanism he spoke of the glorious Experiment now being made on american soil the dangers attending it and the Best Means of conducting it Quot Forward to the most excellent results. Think you that if slavery were so important a consideration As you pretend it is he would not have noticed it if its removal were1 so necessary to our political salvation As you say it is would not he have told us of it surely he has More Wisdom than you have and his honesty is at least is unquestionable. And yet he never even mentioned it or in the most Remote Way alluded to its existence or effects so i will not believe a word you Tell me on this subject. Slavery is no concern of ours it can have nothing to do with the Success or failure of our institutions. Ill even concern myself no More about it and you May go about your business leaving to me the privilege of thinking you and your associates a Mere set of a fearful responsibility rests upon men in these Days who would be neither for nor against us. Indeed amidst such a contest As is now going on Between Freedom and slavery to be Neutral is difficult if not impossible. Of one thing we Are Well assured a no Man of any influence should suffer is sentiments on the solemn question of slavery or no slavery to be misunderstood. A abolitionists consistent. We Are not quite certain How Long this article will be but whether Long or Short we Pray our readers to Bear tis company to the end of it. Our object is from a few particular instances to reduce one or two general principles which shall find their application to a Case that has Given Rise to much difference of opinion. It is one of our assumptions and we think general experience will Bear us out in it that whenever or wherever Large assemblies of people Are convened in the Pursuit merely of amt tse met the tendencies almost always Are to evil. No matter what May be the particular form of amusement whether it be the theatre the Ball the penal the Ordinary facilities for its commission have Only determined the propensity in a More dangerous direction multiplying cases of seduction in proportion to to mention of prostitution and therefore the Only Wise measure is to License houses of ill Fame and place them under the regulation of the police. Thus reasons one class of moralists a class that regards vice As necessary believes depravity incurable and manufactures schemes for improving the moral condition of the Community As if god had abandoned the government of the Earth or made a treaty of Alliance with the Devil. The other class is composed chiefly of men who have Learned their Creed from the Bible who do not believe it necessary to encourage one disease to prevent another to exterminate one tribe of Savage passions by the instrumentality of another but who Trust that in the Constitution of the human soul in the instrumental ties of christianity and in the co operation of the moral governor of the universe Means enough May be found for the correction of every depraved propensity for the subversion of every evil in the world. If no Bible had been Given they would be Mere enthusiasts. But a revelation having been Given they believe it nothing More than reasonable of measure All their plans of reformation by what god has enjoined As right and proper however vast the obstacles the actual condition of the world May oppose to their designs. For with god All things Are possible. They would As soon think of legalizing Cheater As Wink at fornication or Sanction it by Legal License. Their religious sensibilities revolt at the attempt to prevent or remedy evils by indulging the principle out of which they Spring. Thus far it is thought a fair representation has been Given of the Creed of Christian moralists embracing of course preachers professors and doctors of divinity. We will now note a few of the great principles for the regulation of moral Effort to be gathered from the illustrations Given. 1. The Standard of duty is to be erected not in View of what is or has been but of the requirements of revealed truth. 2. The Antiquity and universality of an evil furnish no Good reason for doubting the possibility of its abolition for withholding our testimony against it for not assailing it by All moral efforts. 3. Plans of reformation should be Radicci aut uncompromising laying the axe at the Root of an evil and not so framed As to encourage or excuse the principle while they would remove its effects. 4. To prevent greater moral evils it is never right to connive at or License smaller ones. It is quite probable that there is tautology in this schedule of principles. A More careful generalization might condense them in one or two propositions. But we Are writing for a newspaper not a Book. Of one thing we Are certain no Man who believes the Bible will dispute the truth of any of these general deductions. Now for the application. The foundation of the colonization scheme or rather its ultimate reason is prejudice against the coloured Man. No one will deny this. The As sumption is that prejudice against the Cloree Man is inveterate incurable it is an evil to be sure nay it is sinful in its very nature still it exists it is Felt by All cannot be remedied and will alway be productive of evil Only evil to its objects so Long As they remain within the scope of its influence a you cannot elevate the coloured Man in this country you cannot make his situation comfortable you cannot make him respectable and prosperous because the prejudice of the White race against him is incurable. We must therefore accommodate our plans to the necessity of the Case our efforts must be directed to what is not what ought to be the prejudice must fee indulged and the Only Way is to Rem Qaq a hts co they see no constitutional objections to the measure and that whenever Congress shall recede said portion of territory Maryland ought to accept it and suitable resolutions Are accordingly recommended. The report and resolutions were adopted on the same Day March 28 by a vote of 8 to 5, and sent to the House for concurrence but it was too late for that body to act upon them. Thus terminates the farce of retrocession and the people of Georgetown Are Stim doomed to have their tender sensibilities wounded by petitions which assume that they have no right of property in the blood and souls of men. A it lored Man to a place where unmolested he May circus or the horse race no matter whether in itself it May be noxious or innocent the tendencies we say Are almost always to evil. Moralists generally admit the troth of the Assumption but there is a division of sentiment among them with regard to re mediate measures in the Case. Some argue that these amusements have always More or less prevailed that people will have amusement a that All these forms of pleasure take their origin from the nature of mind that it is Idle therefore to think of persuading the world to abandon them. Such moralists ask what is and has been not what ought to be. Their Standard of morals is taken Foroi experience not revelation. They look rather to the depravity of Man than the will of god to the strength of vicious principle than to the Power of Christian truth. Others restlessly seek to put an end to these evils. Believing that Christ came to destroy the works of darkness they will have no Fellowship with them. What ought to be is the first question in their minds and having settled this All their operations Are framed in accordance with the decision. They have sufficient Confidence in the Power of truth the voice of conscience and the supremacy of god to aim at the subversion of every form of evil however associated with popular feelings. V. In this class surely we May reckon the teachers of the religion of Christ and a Large majority of the moralists of the age. Consider another Case. Intoxication is a vice a vice springing from the natural appetite for excitement. No moralist thinks of curing intoxication by indulging the appetite with Strong drink. It is a vice that has always prevailed and now ravages the Whtie Earth but we do not despair of bringing its reign to an end. The world is moving _ a a of have in Anent arises but by denying utterly its ands. Total abstinence this is the axe Laid to the Root of the tree. For once the world is eight because it is acting As the Bible enjoins without Compromise without abatement of the claims of moral obligation. It is very certain were not Public sentiment so Strong in favor of the Radical remedy for intemperance it would be denounced As chimerical visionary unsuited to what is. Such indeed is the declamation of a few but the people a this Case Are about to transcend the what in and reach the what ought to be. It is a coarse one but strik another instance ing enough. Forn seation can plead As High an Antiquity As wide a Leigh and As natural an origin As intemperance. With regard to re mediate measures in this Case the world is not quite so Well agreed. Here age a we note the opposition Between the is and ought to be. Politico moralists argue that has always existed a Lias its foundation. Human nature it is Folly to think of abolish the i ing it All efforts hitherto to prevent it by making enjoy the rights and privileges of a rational being. Who Are they that thus reason Christian moralists preachers of the gospel doctors of divinity. What the same men who admitted a Little time ago that the measure of duty is to be taken not from the condition of things but the word of god that the universality or Long continuance of an evil was no reason be not believing in the possibility of its overthrow and seeking for this object that plans of reformation should be Radical striking at the Root of the evil and uncompromising not embracing re mediate measures of such a character As to gratify the evil principle in the removal of its consequences that it was never right to connive at or indulge a minor evil for the Sake of preventing a greater yes the same. The course they would repudiate in reference to vicious amusements they adhere to in this Case. The principles they denounce when Temperance is concerned they advocate in this Case. The Mode of reasoning they revolt at when the Politico moralist would excuse fornication they cling to in this Case. They who believe that the Power of god is greater than the voice of Man that Christian troth is adequate backed by the appliances of the moral governor of the universe to Correct any depraved propensity to eradicate every evil and establish in the individual the supremacy of conscience m the world the supremacy of Christian principle most inconsistently assume that prejudice against the coloured Man though or info Berng can left be cured must be yielded to and the evils it produces be remedied by us full gratification a the removal of the unpleasant objects from the sphere of its action in conclusion abolitionists take their Appeal from Learned and Good men As colonization lists to the same Learned and Good men As enemies to noxious amusements intemperance and fornication. The same principles of Reform applicable to these evils Are applicable to the evil of prejudice against color or More properly the american spirit of caste. A a a Maryland and Georgetown. The citizens of Georgetown appear quite anxious to take shelter under the sovereignty of Maryland. They lately memorialized lib legislature of Maryland on the subject of retrocession and a select committee was appointed in the Senate to take their prayer into consideration. The committee report that the retrocession of so much of the territory As originally belonged to Maryland would be highly advantageous to this state that or. Bouldin and the anti slavery question. Some of the slave holding members of Congress seem to have right notions respecting the treatment of the anti slavery movement. Or. Wise Laving expressed a desire that some gentleman who had voted to Lay on the table the report concerning the retrocession of the District of Columna would move a reconsideration of this Vole Quot or. Bouldin said that he had moved to Lay the report on the table Only because he believed that a discussion of it would inevitably involve the discussion of a subject which the House had determined should not be agitated in this House. For himself his own personal opinion was most decidedly that it would he far better Towt All restrictions should be taken off and that the people should know exactly and fully All that teas going on but in deference to the decision of the House and also to the wishes of his own constituents he had made the motion to Lay on the or. Bouldin is undoubtedly right it is madness to keep the people of the slave holding states in ignorance of a movement so vitally affecting their interests. The opinion of this gentleman Jill yet become the Public opinion of the South. Jc7 three years ago by authority of the faculty the anti slavery society in Amherst College mass. Was dissolved. It is now organized and flourishing and numbers above 60 members. C7 a cot respondent writing from g eau a county says that a her representatives in the state legislature Are highly and deservedly popular at Home and not the less so because they took a bold and Kaufol stand against the oppressive and soul chilling Laws a against the coloured Man. Or. Webster and slavery. In the late debate on the sub Treasury Bill or. Calhoun accused or. Webster of unfriendliness to the South. Here is this gentleman a answer As reported in the National intelligencer. A the ,.llcman has adverted to the subject of of this subject he says i have not proved myself a Friend to the South. Why sir the Only proof is that i did not vote for his resolutions sir this is a very gave matter it is a subject very exciting and inflammable. 1 take of course ail the responsibility belonging to my opinions but i desire these opinions to be understood and fairly stated. If i am to be regarded As an enemy to the South because i could not support the gentleman a resolutions be it so. I cannot Purchase favor from any Quarter by the sacrifice of Clear and conscientious convictions. The principal Resolution declared that Congress had plighted its Faith not to interfere either with slavery or the slave Trade in the District of Columbia. Now sir this is quite a new idea. I never heard it advanced until this session. I have heard gentlemen contend that no such Power was in the Constitution but the notion that though the Constitution contained no prohibition yet that Congress had plighted its Faith not to exercise such a Power is an entire Novelty so far As i know. I must say sir it appeared to me Little else than an attempt to put a prohibition into the Constitution because there was none there already. For this supposed lighting of the Public Faith or the Faith of Congress 1 see no ground either in the history of the government or in any one fact or in any argument. I therefore could not vote for the proposition. J sir it is now several years since i took care to make qty opinion known that this government has constitutionally nothing to do with slavery As it exists in the states. That opinion is entirely unchanged. I stand steadily by the Resolution of the House of adopted after much consideration at the commencement of the government which was that Congress have no authority to interfere in the emancipation of slaves or in the treatment of them within any of the states it remaining with the Seye fal states alone to provide any regulations therein which humanity and True policy May require. This in opinion is the Constitution and the Law. I feel bound by it. Of Quot have quoted the Resolution often. It expresses the judgment of men of All parts of the country deliberately formed m a Cool time and it expresses my judgment and 1 shall adhere to it. But this has nothing to do with the other constitutional question that is to say the Mere constitutional question whether Congress has the Power to regulate slavery and tire slave Trade in the District of Columbia. On such a question sir when 1 am asked what the Constitution is or whether any Power Gran let by it has been compromised away i must exp Reg my honest opine a and always shall express it if i say aty thing notwithstanding it May not meet concurrence either in the South or the North of the East or the West i cannot express by my vote what i do not believe. He has chosen to bring that subject into this debate with which it has no concern but he May make the most of it if he thinks he can produce unfavourable impressions on the South from my negative to his fifth Resolution. As to the rest of them they were common places generally or abstractions in regard to which one May Well not feel himself called on to vote at new works. We would inform our friends that we Are in daily expectation of the receipt of various new and valuable publications at our office among which Are a emancipation in the West indies a by j. A. Thome and j. H. Kimball Memoir of Lovejoy welds Bible argument a letters of John Quincy Adams to his constituents it face. We Hope they will forthwith Send on their orders with the Cash. In lending papers the most favourable notices have been taken of some of these publications. Literary notices. The new yorker a leading literary paper in this City has the following notices of recent publications which Are not Only of authority in literature but interesting As a sign of the Progress of Public sentiment. A Walton trials a or. J. F.,Trow, 36 Ann so has just published in a neat 158 to. Volume of 158 pages a full account of the trial of Winthrop 8. Gilman and others for aiding to defend Rev. Or. Lovejoy a press at Alton last summer and of John Solomon and others indicted for an assault upon the warehouse and the destruction of the press. To have perused a Good portion of its contents with pro of Curie interest none can read it and not be deeply affected. It ought to have a wide circulation. A by the Way will our editorial friends in Illinois inform us if it be really the settled jaw of that Swarte that a Man May be shot in defending his own property in his own storehouse from a mob Bent on its destruction at ony Cost and that the Active participators in that mob May commit burglary robbery and murder with equal impunity ? we do not exactly understand the Lawa of Illinois referred to in these trials but if this is their Drift we shall advise our West Ward going friends who hate of Toherty or mean to have to choose some other location. Emancipation in the West indies six months tour in Antigua Barbadoes and jamaica�?1837.�?by j. A. Thome and j. H. Hope the rather forbidding prefix a published by the american anti slavery society a will not prevent the general and considerate perusal of this ample volume. The relative value and efficiency of free and slave labor As applied to the Ruder branches of agriculture and under a torrid Sun is a problem in political Economy the Correct solution of which is of vital importance to the Prosperity and Well being of this whose observations Are Here recorded were less qualified by impartiality than Zeal of course while their facts Are to be relied on their conclusions Are to be taken with consideration if not with allowance. Still we believe a wide dissemination of their work will be productive of great Benefit and we particularly recommend it to the attention of our friends in the Southern states. A Memoir of John s. Taylor has published a Memoir of Rev. Elijah p. Lovejoy who was murdered in defending the Liberty of the press at Alton Illinois nov. 7, 1887 by Joseph c. And Owen Lovejoy with on introduction by John Quincy the Book is a Large and fair duo Decimo of 384 pages. Sex president Adams introduction is a paper of great interest and Power

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