Page 2 of 17 Jan 1823 Issue of The National Republican And Ohio Political Register in Cincinnati, Ohio

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The National Republican And Ohio Political Register (Newspaper) - January 17, 1823, Cincinnati, OhioLow an armed intervention in the affairs of Spain on the part of the other Powers and that he had already frankly explained himself to the same effect in his communication with the French ministry but he at the same time added that this Resolution would altogether depend on two understood conditions first that the King should not be assassinated j and secondly that the government should renounce All attempts to propagate the principles of the Spanish Constitution in foreign countries of cft9ij it would be an object for our merchant Quot that larceny to the amount of Twenty five vessels to take their cargoes from the tank of the settlement. The fisheries in the South Pacific Are failing it is to the North we must look for Good voyages this will lengthen Voy a Ges already too Long it is nay opinion that a settlement 00 the North West coast will greatly increase our fisheries our Commerce our seamen and the Revenue and if i was Twenty years younger i should like to be one of the first settlers from a letter of later Date the following extract was read since my last 1 have Learned from a very f intelligent ship master who has recently Arne such is the version of this interview a i de from Valparaiso that a vessel loaded with Quot it is admitted by the Spanish charge d j 8pars Frt a Colombia River had arrived there it Quot a or a Bur Nav a Slot Fusi supposed Fly partisans of the anti 1 ment the m0uth of that River to Peru and system interpret these Ltd a Chili might be made profitable As there is not pros Sims of the Duke to be More Favora any Wood in either of those places proper for we to their cause than their obvious in. Spars. I have known spars carried from the protean warrant but from the turn which i is am of new zealand to those places which affairs Are taking in Spain these persons May now be considered As very insignificant. From the Fumm ngum Gazette. Paid a very great an extract from a statement addressed to the collector by a gentleman in his Vicinity was read in which the number of ship employed in the whale a fishery of the Pacific Ocean from. All the ports in new importance of occupy ins Columbia a England and new York were estimated rival. At 128, averaging about 300 tons each valued at the time of sailing to Gloo per j ton amounting to 3,870,000 dollars and confirming the statement of the collector that the most profitable whale fishing was now in the North Pacific Between the latitudes 38 and 48, River. Substance of two letters from John Hawes Esq. Collector of the customs of new Bedford addressed to or. Baylies of Massachusetts and read by him during1 the debate in the House of representatives on the Bill to authorize the occupation of the Columbia River. The first letter of or. Hawes was dated january 5, 1822. In Bis letter be stated that 68 vessels were employed tit the whale fishery from the port of new Bedford tonnage 17,222, navigated by. _1350 men in j 36 of the Law a a Quot h 19 in Mondo Las it Tillat he general National Republican. Dollars and upwards shall be punishable by imprisonment in the Penitentiary for a term of time not less than three on the whole this Learned report exhibits a very pleasing View of the concern and flatters us with the idea that this great manufacturing establishment will soon be enabled to support if it should ultimately become source of profit to the state the Wisdom of this committee we doubt not will be duly appreciated. Six months of unremitting solitary confinement on bread and water would coat the stale less and be calculated to produce greater reformation in the moral Sand hib its of the convicts than three years labour in any Money making concern in the Western country. Friday january 17, 1823. We learn by a gentleman who left co Ign. A Gat of these vessels were employed in fishing for sperm Aceti whales in the Pacific Ocean. Tonnage 9942, navigated by about 800 men. That since the late War the greater number of the whale ships of new Bedford had been employed on the coast of Patagonia and the adjacent a Assembly on the 1 eth inst. Made the Foi lowing elections among others Hon. Calvin Pease judge of the supreme court re elected. Or. Sherman of Lancaster judge of the supreme court in the place of judge ten in fishing for right whale but Oil of. My clean resigned. That description having fallen in Price i a. A \ a i i or. Hallock a member of the House of within the last two years Many vessels i a a had been taken from Ibay fishery and had representatives judge of the fifth circuit been despatched to the Pacific to fish for of the court of common pleas in the place sperm Aceti whales As the Oil made from 0f judge Tappan whose term of service them had fully sustained its prices. From has Rej the Pacific it had been sperm Aceti Oil rat _ _ a a.0. -1 or. H. Brown of Columbus state which had been obtained principally and not More than 7 or 8 Hundred of the Black Oil. The Black whale nit was taken on the coast of Chili in or Bays and harbours. He estimated Alt the Oil and Bone brought from the Pacific Ocean to new Bedford a Ince the late War 81,713,goo, to january 5,1822 the number of ships in the fishery to the West of Cape Horn bad increased and would the sperm Aceti Oil was now manufactured before it was carried to Market and the a treasurer. On our first Page will be found some additional european intelligence confirming our former accounts of the successes of the greeks Over their blood stained oppressors. We Hope soon to have the pleasure of com Munica Ting to our readers that this interesting injured and neglected people have of it was considered very pro accomplished their great work of personal finale. Or. Hawes estimated the annual a la the a hmm fishery in the jew wow to new Bedford alone at 8500 too exclusive of the profits arising from the manufacturing of sperm Aceti candles. The capital is estimated at 8850,000. The bids of some of the ships employed in the Pacific Ocean was As High As 802,000 or 833,000. Sperm Aceti Oil was generally from 80 to 100 cents sea elephant from 45 to 50, and right whale or Black Oil from so to 35 cents per gallon. The Price of the sperm Aceti nil he had estimated As it was when in its crude state after pressing it would average one Dollar per gallon. Tim ships employed in the whale fishery from Nantucket since the late War a j debts due from prison cording to be estimate of or. Hawes old store House sold considerably exceed those of new bed Liberty and National Independence. Ohio . Our last Columbus papers contain a Laboured report of a committee appointed to examine into the condition of the Ohio Penitentiary which from the report ought to be denominated the slate manufactory. The committee say the following exhibit it is believed shews very nearly the True state of the concerns a to wit or. Manufactured articles bedding amp a. From Kif often and Thomas 81.2,71.4 57 amount drawn from Treasury 7,994 20 the lies Law. This singular and almost inexplicable Law the first fruit of partial legislation in Ohio will be found in the preceding columns of this paper. It is sincerely to be regretted that a measure of so much importance to the master builders and chief mechanics of Cincinnati had not been inure attentively considered and matured before it was presented to the general Assembly for the Sanction and authority of Law. That every class of our citizens Are entitled to the guardian care and Protection of the legislature and that mechanics in particular who bestow their labour and limited funds on object a of necessary the private importance should receive All the Protection from fraud and misfortune which municipal regulations can give no one of common understanding will deny. But when it is attempted by legislative provisions to secure to a particular class of citizens privileges and advantages not allowed to others it becomes of the utmost importance that the terms of these provisions should be such As the most Ordinary capacity can comprehend without the Haz Zard of mistake. The present Law we consider objectionable for its uncertainty and the numerous and complicated conditions with which it abounds calculated More to produce litigation and controversy than to promote the interests and Security of mechanics. We have not time at present critically to examine it in All its details but shall take occasion hereafter to make such comments on the different sections and provisions of this act As we May think the subject the mean time we would advise All mechanics who intend he Uii a read it with the closest attention and reflect Well upon the consequences of an implicit Confidence and Reliance upon it for Security. That we Del is now stated to have accrued his predictions were satirized by or. Randolph and or. Baldwin. The Secretary makes just remarks As to the Incon Clusin Wessof custom House documents and the apparent balance of Trade in relation to the increase or decrease of National wealth and Prosperity. The fallacy of reasoning from them abstractly had been often before exposed but As it is easy and plausible it will continue to be employed to satiety. In the report the increase of the Revenue is the Only ground upon which the enhancement of the Tariff is recommended. A Secretary of the Treasury has properly nothing to do with any other consideration. If there was a design on his part to conciliate what is called the manufacturing interest or rather the few who make so much clamor in the name of that interest he will be found to have failed of his end. Their Maxim is All or nothing. The presidents 44satisfied i am and a satisfied i likewise am a miscarried with them. Those prospective computations which occupy so much space in our Treasury reports and extend to the distance of several years Are More or less illusory in the course of human affairs generally in the growth of such an Empire As this Union emergencies Are to be expected which must prevent what is flattering by anticipated and augment the wants White they May diminish the resources of the Treasury. We have no idea nor can the Secretary seriously suppose that the pub lie expenditure of the United states will Ever consistently with the National interest and As Long As any degree of sense and liberality survives in the National councils be diminished to the extent of the sinking fond which is at present ten million of dollars. At the same time looking to the constant Domestic accumulation of Stock in the political sense of economists to the certain unequalled multiplication of our numbers to the gradual natural Extension of Domestic manufactures to the intelligence ingenuity and Enterprise of the american character we do not Douro that the Means of the nation will be amplified so As to prove adequate to any exigencies which May arise in the Vicissitudes and disorders that Are universally incident to the concerns of 9tates, and particularly to be apprehended in the present situation of the world. We proceed however upon the supposition that Commerce will be protected by the government against the hostilities of jealous interest the misapplication of mischievous foreign examples and the proneness of men holding or seeking High places to make concessions for the Sake of acquiring or retaining a partial Commerce has among us enemies to be feared not on account of their multitude of the r Tal e its or thei r i and i Vid Ual i n. Flu ence but upon a principle such As this expressed by or. Burkes a a smaller number Inore expedite awakened Active and courageous who make amends for what they want id weight by their superabundance of velocity will create an act ing Power of formidable to mme Ltd Prince of Sweden son of Bernadette has been Well received by the sovereigns particularly by the emperor of Austria. 4e has been As much noticed As though his legitimacy extended to Odin or his genealogical tree covered with its Branch is half the thrones of Europe. The Youngf once had an interview with the Duke of Wellington and left him it is said without being particularly struck with Admira. Tion at his . Odessa oct. 22.�?news from constantinople of the 18th inst. Announce that fhe grand turkish Fleet has re passed the Dardanelles in a very bad condition. Madrid nov. 3�?a plot is said to have been discovered in this City. It. Was the monks again who were its instigators. Many arms were found in the Convent of Atocha and Buen Retiro. Another plot has also been detected at Grenada where four priests a colonel and several members of the tribunal were arrested. Bayonne nov. 10.�?the army of the Faith is in the greatest disorder its band Are every where put to flight. Bayonne is full of Spanish emigrants and numbers Are arriving but chiefly priests and monks and a few proprietors. Madrid nov 6.�?the general Riego whom the papers had stated to have been shot by Zaldivar has appeared and taken his seat and the oath in the extraordinary Cortes. The Duke of in Infantado whose arrest had been ordered has escaped. Should the Congress of Verona attempt to interfere with Spain even by giving advice the sole answer it is said will be the prompt Levy of 100,000 men. A terrible Hurricane visited the City of Genoa and its environs on the 95th oct. Bridges Trees and Hoti ses were swept a Way by the torrents that descended from the mountains and the flood even entered the shops of Genoa. The Lazaretti a line and Massy building containing a arge Quantity of merchandise was borne Iway by the violence of the Waters. The environs of the City presented a terrible appearance. There was to be seen Only an immense Lake of Muddy water with Here and there the tops of Trees and about 100 houses in me Raed up to the second i Story. A great number of persons and of cattle Are supposed to have perished. Digx1ty of Ohio. The following paragraph from a her i Burgh Penn paper is going the rounds of most of the newspapers in the Union to the no Small amusement of the people. Ford Ard ail he Nantucket ships except one were in the Pacific Ocean he estimated the annual value of the fisheries in the Pacific. Ocean to Nantucket and new Bedford atone at 81 �00000, and the Oil and Bone which had been brought to both places since the last War exceeded 86,000,000, and that the number of seamen employed was 2300. He also stated that there were three Fine ships from Martha a Vineyard employed in this fishery that sea elephants had been found in abundance on. The coast of California and cod. To answer to one of the queries which or. Baylies had addressed to him respecting the number of mechanics to whom this business gave employment he said he did not know that he should operate if he said that it gave employment to All the mechanics if both Placas Ami he expressed his conviction hat in his estimate of the value of this fishery he had. Not exceeded the truth. He said that the whale fishery in the South Pacific was failing and that in future they must look to the North Pacific for successful fishing where there were sperm Aceti whales right whales and sea elephants in great abundance. He concludes his letter thus a a set tie mint at. The Columbia Hiver if pro Perly conducted would insure to our nation an immense source of wealth. A company of traders and navigators there settled might have a mail Leaseta from 100 to 150 tons with these vessels at Home they could explore the coast and each fishery could be pursued in its proper a Eazor. The right whales come into the Bays and harbours on that coast to bring Forth their Young at that season they will make the Moat a it the sea. Elephant Are found in. Abundance., 1 have no doubt Seal skins can be obtained in plenty in their season this i am certain of. If we Are permitted logo As far n As the Fox islands latitudes 53, 53 North if we have proper vessels fur taking them. Hie seals Are nearly All destroyed in the South Pacific where the weather is warm and mild Large ships could Send their open boats and take them a but to the North the business cannot be carried on in the same manner. There must be a male Vea a Els to search out the harbours. Seal oil1, is in important article if taken near a a a Flint to a ave tilts Oil in its purity it must he handed and put into vats like other blubber it must not be boiled. Great quantities of different oils ight be procured by the settlers in their neigh. Hood and preserved in the ground it is the Way to preserve Oil and saves the expense Cash received at Gate discount Recd. On audited Bills 580 20 70 00 61 25 15 59 or 821,435 81 amount of bedding amp a in As Good order As received 82,430 00 old Stock on hand notes amp accounts not collected Cost of new store amount of old debts paid provisions on hand raw materials on hand new machinery on hand Wood on hand Cash deposited in Treasury amount of new debts amount of new notes manufactured articles new 3,279 80 1,706 95 270 00 83 10 865 61 2,788 94 923 92 140 00 2,168 76 3,594 02 1,125 89 1,415 60 20,792 59 balance against the institution is 22 Harritt Burgh Penn. Dec. 14. In our Home of representative yesterday a message was received from the governor accompanied by a letter tenths then acting Gor Ernol if Ohio offering to Exchange a reap of that state Lor a map of Pennsylvania ? the letter of the acting governor of a by a letter from the then acting Gorer Nolif Ohio off Nosy Iio a j Dis if mag nature of the proposition to Exchange a single map Ohio excited general laughter in the House not from any disrespect to him or the state of which he was the chief magistrate but from the trifling and trafficking of one state for that of the other., As if both were to much exhausted in finances to pay a few Mars for a map and As. If it were not beneath the dignity of two great states to be thus converting themselves into Petty stationers to barter and Trade in paper and my. 821,435 81 the committee further state that a a under the present defective organization there Are difficulties in effecting a Well regulated police a and that m the internal Economy is As Good As the circumstances considered the most sanguine ought to antics Pate that order and regularity appear to prevail i and that wholesome regulations and Good discipline appear to be a classification of the convicts according to the character of their crimes is recommended and considered necessary to promote the humane objects of the institution and Quot it is with much satisfaction the committee has. Witnessed the introduction of spinning and weaving into the Penitentiary a which with other branches of profitable labour they think will 44 soon enable the institution to support and to conclude they recommend an appropriation of �300 for clerk hire a that m the assistant keepers and guard take an oath or affirmation a but for what purpose is not mentioned that a Bell should be purchased 44 to be used Only in cases of fire insurrections of the convicts or escapes and if such Petty dealing has been authorised by the legislature of Ohio it is time the people knew it that they May in future elect members whose conduct will comport better with the dignity and character of the state. If Ohio must play the fool let us not extend our Folly beyond the boundaries of our own territory. As the legislature have made no provision for making their acts and resolutions known to the great mass of our citizens it is very possible a Resolution authorising this state traffic in maps May have been adopted and the acting governor compelled to make known to other states the ridiculous parsimony of Ohio. If the general Assembly have a Quantity of surplus maps on hand and have not liberality enough to present one to each of the United states we would recommend a Sale of them at auction in lots to suit purchasers. Such a course would be As dignified and comport As Welt with the sentiments of the Public As the auction Sale of the site of fort Washington in Cincinnati Cut up into Small building lots by order of the Secretary of the Treasury of the United states we Hope for the Honor of Ohio we shall hear no More of a barter Trade with Oiler states. From the National Gazette. We have inserted the annual treaty report in. Our second Page. It in a very interesting document and quite intelligible. The Secretary has improved after the experience of some sad miscalculations and misapprehensions. We recollect that when or. Cambreleng of new York talked in Congress last year fan amount of Revenue from the customs like latest Home Ign news. From the new York commercial advertiser Jan. 3. By the arrival of the regular packet ship Montano in 40 Days passage from Havre the editor of the american has received files of Paris papers to the 19th of nov. Inclusive As Well As London papers of the 14th november. The Congress of Verona had not broken up but were in Active session despatching couriers to and fro. M. De Mont Marcuci however is still announced in the Paris papers of the >7th, As expected a that capital in a few Days. M. De chateaubriand is however left at Verona to look after French interests. The London papers on the contrary the times surmises that Madame Mont More Sci whose departure from Paris to meet her husband had been announced would continue her journey to Verona and it adds Quot As in the actual state of parties in France it is natural to assign a political motive to a journey at this season of the year across the Alps it is said the ministers wife is the depository of Serra is which could not be confined to i less confidential the austrian and portuguese Ambas Sartors had a Long audience on the 11th of nov. With or. Canning and an order subsequently issued to suspend the sailing o the Brazil packet. London nov. 13.�?a great Rise has occurred in the French funds Aud it is confidently said that France h�9 adopted the same Resolution with regard to the affairs of Spain As England. This news created a Rise in our stocks which Rose from 81j to 81 7 8, and Spanish Bonds for. 53 to 60. Nov. 12.�?we have just seen a private letter from Paris containing the following i can state positively upon the Best authority that one of the most distinguished members of the French government m. Devi allele declared two hours ago that there is no truth in the assertion that the allies had determined in the Congress to assist tug Spanish monarchy with our own private information corresponds with this statement courier. London nov. 14.�?"the last despatches received by our government from Verona were of the 5th inst. At that time nothing was courier. City 10 of Codly the intelligence this morning received from Paris is very in Portan t. A despatch has been received from g Erona Ana a Cabinet Council was immediately assembled at Paris. It was looked upon As certain that the actual situation of Europe would undergo1 no change. Indeed if we can judge from the Rise in the French funds this news appear extreme y . A letter from Verona of the 14th ult. Has the following intelligence the emperor of Russia is dying of ennui prices current. New Orleans dec. 21, bagging by. 28 a 50 cts. Dull. Bale rope 8 cts. Dull. Beef per bbl. 85 a 9 Dull. Bacon hams per la 7\ a 9 cents Dull sides amp a. Per in. 4 a 6 cents Beans per bbl. ¿4 Coffee w. I. Green 28 cts. St. Doming. 26 cents Cotton Lou. And miss. 11 a 15 sales Alavanja and Tenn. 6 a 9 Corn per bbl. Of ears 62c. Plenty flour per bbl 821 a 4, Dull Ginseng 25 a 30 scarce l-�<1. Ppr la. 7 a �4 Conta molasses on Plantation 18 cents nails from 4d to 20d, 7 a 8 plenty pork per bbl. 83 a 12 sugar la. On Plantation per la. 6 a 6 a in town old crop 7 loaf per la. 16 a 20 cents tobacco 1st qual. Per in. 3$ a 3$ cts. 2d do. 24 a 2� cents x h a h cents Wax bees per la. 31, cents in demand whiskey 25 a 28 plenty nominal. Commer. Intel. The Library. The Board of directors of4 the circulating Library society of Cincinnati having been to remove the books to a More eligible apartment of the College edifice than the one recently occupied being the Central room of the lower Story Entrance by the portico a and having adopted some regulations which it is hoped will Conduce to the acquisition of additional patronage from those who duly appreciate the advantages of so laudable an institution a have thought proper to submit to the Public a few of the leading features of their Constitution and bylaws. 1st. The Price of shares is continued at ten dollars although from their reduction by forfeitures and relinquishment to one third of the original number their real value has been greatly enhanced. 2d. The annual contribution for a singe share on which two volumes can be taken out at once is it 50 and for every additional share that is used 50 cts. A payable on the 1st saturday in january of each year. No contribution is exacted on extra shares until they Are made use of by the proprietor. Delinquents Are debarred the use of the Library on their shares until All arrears Are discharged and a Deal cation of More than six months continuance renders the Stock liable to forfeiture. 3d. Stockholders whose contributions for Jan. 1821, and Jan. 1822, remain unpaid All accounts for previous dues having been closed by forfeiture Are at Liberty to Settle them on the foregoing terms on or before the 1st of february 1823��?it which time All shares on which said dues remain unpaid will become forfeited to the institution. 4th. Certificates of Stock Are transferable by attested endorsements but no conveyance is Complete until a new certificate Price 50 cents is obtained of the librarian in the name of the Assignee a who becomes accountable for any unsettled balance on the share. 5th. Any new subscriber for a share May designate the volumes in the Purchase of which the Money paid shall be expended a a provided they Are such asm a with propriety be placed in the Library and any valuable books not already on the shelves will be received at

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