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The National Republican And Ohio Political Register (Newspaper) - January 10, 1823, Cincinnati, OhioThe National Republican an Ohio political Register. Vol. , Friday january 10, 1823. No. 3. For the National museum. I have lately heard Many encomium passed on the Western museum As fitted up by messes. Best and Dorfeuille and the Praise bestowed on its ingenious a proprietors has generally been accompanied by complaints that the patronage extended to this institution is neither proportioned to its merits nor such As will repay those gentlemen for i the labour and expense they have already bestowed much less enable them to make additional improve. Meets. But it is a matter of doubt in my mind whether these complaints be made against our citizens with Justice. While it is. Notorious that they prudently mind the main Chance and that every Man is so strict in his Observance of the Precept a take care of thine own a institutions for the cultivation of refined taste should not have been attempted and the disregard and apathy num infested towards All attempts to foist refinement on us should not be complained of. Not Long since i visited the museum of these gentlemen and Jorond As had i been represented to me that they had 4 with great labour effected what they f supposed would be at All times inter Esting to their fellow citizens and at some Day profitable to that besides showing a due regard to tasteful display they have been Par-4v, careful to preserve through out a classical and scientific arrangement of the specimens in their collection. This May he All very proper i and might answer very Well for other laces but it wont do for Cincinnati. Be have lately had a thoroughgoing reformation amongst us and the canons of our taste differ vastly from those of a elder and when taste is so changed that learning and science Droop their Heads and die it can to be hoped that men who from High personal Merit talents and Industry might be expected to deserve Reward should receive the patronage due to their deserts. There Are other men now in Israel and they a know not the proprietors of the Western museum have greatly erred in being guided by any examples of Success attendant on like enterprises in other places they should have pursued a different course. If instead of expend ing so much in the arrangement of their Cabinet a portion of their Dis-3 Bur sements had been devoted to procuring a few puppets and a pair of monies the crowds thronging to see the show would be at once an attestation of their Correct judgment and a Reward for their labours. In setting heir specimens of Birds and animals f instead of Labouring with assiduous care to rival animated nature they had bestowed half the Tiffe and attention on each and Given us twice the number they would then have manifested some evidence of being guided by the signs of the times. Let them throw away their Cabinet of minerals and fill the room with Wax figures a a More p Venus Black As a negro and look a grim As. Death a or a fair desde Tona a ghastly head and Lank form a trigger out in a tarnished lace coat a which to Day May be general Jackson and to Morrow Julius Caesars these with the last great hero a Dwarf a giant and a Beauty would form a collection on which the Lack Lustre eyes of hundreds would gaze with unceasing Delight. Let them abandon Freil a contemplated course of lectures hire rope dancer aft a Juggler and pro Taim a fire to be eaten Ribbands to swallowed a and they May then it be to emulate the Fame and equal in Success of a these idea by the far sounding tones of a Organ and a band of tambourines lies Bells and triangles would prove rce Lyless powerful than the Harp of it Heus and All within sound of the try chime would become delighted tors of the Western museum. Apolonius. new theory. N the 30# ult. The investigation so of this City discussed the following Ilion is sync Uneas or the old Theo the Earth Best supported by facts a Eno Mena ? after an animated de of about an hour and a half the jest Ion was put to the society and authors in All about fifty and it was car led by a decided majority in favor of the few theory. ,. If the most prominent objections urged list the new theory were that it did Accord with the known Laws of grave that the weight of the Earth had been pertained by calculation to be so great to the idea of its being in any degree Dow was untenable that if the Cen fugal Force protruded matter outwards from the Central parts of the Earth it should protrude it Onward to Infinity that if the Earth was Many degrees open in the Polar regions a Section of irregular Shadow not round but flatted should sometimes be cast on the Moon that if the general outline of the theory were True the inner Parta could not be habitable for want of a sufficiency of Light and heat to Subserve the production of vegetables and animals that had such a formation existed it must have been found out Long before now and finally that were there an inhabited concave the climate would be too uncongenial to our constitutions to afford us any advantage should we succeed in getting there amp a. All of which objections were rebutted by successive replies . Somines who was present by invitation. The writer Oft ers this statement without conferring with any of the society or audience on the subject presuming that any inaccuracy of recollection will be rectified by other re markers. C. From the National Gazette. To o ughes 0,v Ink tag a no 2. Among the numerous errors committed by the Bank of the United states in its Early operations was the adoption of a Resolution to make Loans on a Deposit of their own Stock. This measure was not Only contrary to those principles upon which the profits of a Bank depend but proved in its consequences highly injurious to the Inte rests of the Public and i have no doubt led to the supposed necessity of importing specie from Europe. If a Bank possesses a surplus ought to be invested in the Public stocks of the country which May be realized id its own notes or specie whenever it is required by the exigencies of the institution. Such wants can Only occur in seasons of commercial pressure and Scarcity of Money and by availing itself of this prompt resource the Bank can relieve itself without augmenting the distresses of its Cus torn Era. The resource springing from discounts on their own Stock is not More available than other debts due to the Bank and it can Only be obtained by the same Means which Are always injurious to the country. Besides As the profits of a Bank beyond the Legal interest Are solely derived from its circulation of notes and deposits it becomes its interest to distribute its discounts to the greatest practicable extent because the a More numerous the customers of the Bank Are the greater and More permanent will be its deposits. A Bank can discount with greater safety and More extensively on a Deposit of five Hundred thousand dollars made by five Hundred customers than on twice that amount deposited by ten. Another evil arising from discounts on Stock is that when it becomes necessary to diminish their Loans the consequent pressure will fall on the customers of the Bank alone. The first measure which ought in strict Justice to be pursued in this emergency would be to demand payment from the stockholder of the sum loaned to him. On his Stock. The Justice of this position appears indisputable he is a partner in the concern and if he is temporarily permitted to withdraw his proportion of the Stock he is bound to replace it whenever the necessities of the partnership require the Funda. But expert ence has taught us that such a measure will never be pursued. Whenever this juncture Supervene the Stock is always depressed the influence of the stockholder is naturally greater than that of the Mere customer of the Bank and some of the directors May probably be borrowers upon the same terms hence the customer of the Bank will not Only be compelled to reimburse his own fair proportion of the Over specie but also that of the stockholder who has borrowed on a Deposit of his Stock. The Only sources from which i can extract information in relation to the operations of the Bank of the United states Are those which Are alike open to Alt and it is from these my inferences Are drawn and i think i am warranted in the belief that if the Bank when its necessities required a diminution of discounts had fairly proportioned that decrease amongst every description of its debtors it might Bave obtained Relief with less distress to the commercial world. Not with stand ing the vigorous measures pursued by the Bank in the rapid decrease of its discounts the demand for specie still continued to be so extensive As to create Well grounded apprehensions that it would ultimately be unable to meet it. A plan was then adopted for importing a Large amount from. As the Wisdom of such a measure May is impossible to attach any censure to the motives which produced it. The voice of the Public Importuna Tely favoured its adoption they considered it As the Means of removing Alt their difficulties and in fact whatever May have been its effects in relation to the Bank itself it did produce a temporary alleviation of the pressure on the merchants of the country but How was this effected ? by creating another debt or virtually a postponement of payment at a great expense. The same settled principles affect nations As Welt As individuals the balance against either must ultimately be liquidated with the Only Universal currency Gold a hurl a a a a and Silver. An individual discerns without difficulty when his expenditure exceeds his income and if he is prudent adapts the one to the other the excess is not so easily discoverable when it affects a whole Community and is Seldom detected until it is too late to apply any specific unaccompanied by severe privations. We suddenly found ourselves in this disastrous situation the balance against us was so Large As to threaten the abstraction of All the specie in circulation. Now if the Bank of the United states had procured Loans to the amount of this balance it is evident that the specie capital of the country would have remained for the term of the Loans As entire As it was before the balance was created but if the. Money borrowed together with the existing specie capital did not exceed the amount of the balance the loan could not have any effect in dim in idling its Export it Only supplied the Means rid by lessening its Cost rendered the Export More rapid. The Scarcity of specie hat at different epochs been a subject of complaint among every people and the at ten Pis to accumulate or retain it among them have been equally various. Spain although Long possessed of the richest mines in the world and prohibiting by the most severe Laws the exportation of Gold and Silver is perhaps one of the poorest nation in Europe. The expedient resorted to by other nations has been the debasement of their Coin and this country while dependant upon great Britain adapted the project of increasing their amount by raising their nominal value but experience soon taught them that a Guinea although nominally Worth thirty five shillings neither represented a greater Quantity of commodities nor purchased More labour than when it was current at Twenty one. The accumulation of a id and Silver in a country affords no proof of its Prosperity nor is its abstraction an indication of the reverse. Great Britain which is unquestionably the richest nation in Europe possesses notwithstanding her enormous capital a much less Quantity of the precious metals than is the Only certain Road to wealth and when we see the Nha Vitants of a country fully employed and obtaining an adequate remuneration for their labour we have sufficient proof of their Prosperity and of an increasing capital. A citizen. From the commercial advertiser. Mapoleon the younger. In looking Over our files of papers brought by the Cortes we observe More than one notice taken of this scion of the deceased Napoleon concerning whom Little Lias been said for a few years past but who it would now appear if we Are to credit the foreign journals is destined to play an important part on the former theatre of his sirens ambition and glory. According to one account resting on a report which had reached Paris from three different parts of the continent Viz Prussia Switzerland and the 9uuth of France an intrigue had been Tor a Orne time on foot to place the Young Napoleon on the throne of France on the death of Louis xviii. And that on his accession the new emperor was to bind himself by Aco donation oath to abide by the code Napoleon and All the civil and military institutions of the late emperor. That such a project has been entertained by the emperor Francis appears no Way improbable. Independent of the desire natural to the House of Austria of aggrandizing its family it cannot have escaped the Lynx Eye of the Cabinet of Vienna that the bourbons have become extremely unpopular in France so much go that it is Only by employing coercion that the people Are restrained from openly taking measures to expel the present family from the throne. The death of Louis xviii. Has frequently been spoken of As the period when the disaffected particularly the party favouring Republican principles will make an Effort to destroy Royalty or at least to establish an order of things similar to that introduced into any attempt to counteract this by giving France a King from the old worn out Stock would it has been thought Only hasten a catastrophe More terrible to the Quot holy Alliance a than even the haughty dictation of Napoleon. Of two evils therefore we Are recording rumours they seem to have chosen the least. The Young Napoleon being admired by a great proportion of the French people on his fathers account would redoubt be a More Welcome Sovereign than any of the bourbons while his Elevation to the throne would have a powerful Eft act in defeating the projects of those who calculated on establishing a More Liberal government than that of monarchy. The circumstance too of the Young Napoleon having been brought up in the court of his father in Law and educated according to his rigid Arist Ocre Tica i views would serve As a guarantee that the new Sovereign would never disturb the order of things in eur rope by which his own Power was consolidated and which the holy Alliance wire so anxious to maintain inviolate m hat Ever May be in these rumours and speculations accounts agree in representing the attentions paid to the Young Napoleon by the emperor of Austria As More than ordinarily marked since the death of his father. The following extract of a letter from Vienna dated sept. 27th, while it gives some interesting particulars As to the Persona Quali ties of this Young Prince has a considerable bearing on the attentions to which we Al Lude and May not be unacceptable to our readers. I had last night an Opportunity of seeing for the first tune the son of that Man whose turbulent ambition lost him the greatest Empire in the world. Young Napoleon was at the theatre and sat in the same Box with his Royal grand sire and the Empress but in a separate compartment where he was attended by a Middle aged individual who appeared to be his preceptor. It is not too much to say that no youth Ever boasted a finer or More interesting countenance than his. The likeness of him which i have seen at ackermans and other shops in London Are vile caricatures compared with the original a they represent him. As a Florid Chubby buy with a profusion of Flaxen hair flowing Over his shoulders. But he has nothing whatever of that appearance. Ilia complexion is Fine but not Florid and his hair Cut quite Short is fair but not Flaxen. It is impossible to behold his face for an instant and not be struck with the convincing likeness it bears to the More accurate delineations that Are Given of his fathers countenance particularly that prefixed to or. Of Mearan a Book. The nose is precisely similar As is also the conformation of the Mouth which when he smiles gives an expression of Peculiar sweetness. It has Long been said that he is intended for the Church but As yet he has not appeared in any initiative Hab aliments. At the close of each act when the drop scene fell he uniformly Rose from his seat and stood behind the emperor who looking Over his shoulder conversed with him at occasional intervals apparently with an air of paternal a is in the countenance of the emperor of Austria an expression of solemn dignity suited to his exalted rank and in his manner an air of kindness that endears him 10 All his subjects. The Empress wore no ornaments and appeared in a White Satin hat with Ostrich feathers and had a Large shawl thrown Over her shoulders. No National air was played or called for nor was there any obeisance made towards the Imperial Box a political legislature. Seventeenth session monday december 16. La Senate. Or. Pleasants from Virginia recently elected governor of that state resigned Bis seat in the Senate this Day. Or. Do Wolf in pursuance of notice obtained leave and introduced a Bill to provide for the allowance of drawback on the exportation of Cordage manufactured in the United states which was read and ordered for a second Reading to Morrow. Or. Macon was elected a met Nev of the committee on naval affairs in the place of or. Pleasants resigned. Or. Holmes offered sundry resolutions for referring respective parts of the presidents message to the appropriate committees which were read and Laid Over for consideration. The Resolution offered by or. Rodney on thursday fast was again read and passed. Or. Johnson of by. In pursuance of notice had leave and introduced a Bill for the Relief of George Shannon which was read and or dered to be read a second time to Morrow. The Resolution offered by or. Johnson of Lou. On thursday last was read a second time and passed. A message was received from the president of the u. States relative to executive business. The Resolution offered by or. Holmes of me. On thursday last was taken up read and passed. The Bill to enable the holders of French British and Spanish titles to lands in Louisiana to Institute proceedings to try the Validity thereof was read a third time and referred to the committee on Public lands. A petition of John Clark slating that he had been maltreated by the Consul at Bordeaux and praying for compensation was referred to the committee on claims. A Bill authorizing the Purchase of a certain number of copies of the sixth volume of the Laws of the United states was read a second time and referred to the committee on the judiciary. A Bill from the House of representatives for the suppression of piracy was read a first and second time committed to a committee of the whole House reported without amendment read a third time and pasted. The Senate proceeded to executive business and then adjourned. House of representatives. Or. Colden presented a petition from the chamber of Commerce of new York praying an alteration of some of the regulations for the collection of duties on tonnage and imports. Sundry other petitions were also presented and referred. Or. Newton of a. Offered the following Resolution which was agreed to resolved that the committee on Commerce be instructed to inquire into the expediency of placing a fight vessel at or near Cape Hatteras in the state of North Carolina. Or. Farrell of Pennsylvania submitted the subjoined Resolution in support of which he made a few observation. The Resolution was. Adopted ayes 57 noes 54. Res shed that the committee on naval affairs be instructed to inquire into the propriety of making some provision for the support of the widow and child of Lieut. George Pearce of the u. S. Navy who lately died of the yellow fever contracted while on Board the macedonian when in the service of his country. Or. Cocke of team offered the following Resolution a. Resolved that the president of the 0. S. Be requested to be caused to be Laid before this House a statement shewing the amount expended. For the current expenses of the ordnance department during the years 1817, 13, �?T19, �?T20, and 21, and As much As can be Shewn of the said expenses for the year 1822, with the particular items for which the Money was expanded the place where and the persons to whom paid what Quantity of Timber has been procured for gun carriages and caissons its Cost annually and where deposited the Quantity of ordnance of every kind that has been procured during those years and paid Over i the sums expended in the Purchase of Sites for arsenals since the peace the Cost of the buildings erected thereon and whether All those arsenals Are necessary for the service of the United states. The Resolution lies by the Rule of the House one Day on the table. 7 or. Stewart of Penn submitted the Resolution which was agreed to resolved that the subject of roads and Ca nals be referred to a select committee. Or. Patterson of new York moved tha the several communications from the departments of government respecting the number of clerks a. Employed therein be referred to the respective committee of the House on the expenditures of those departments. Or. Walworth of new York submitted the following Resolution which was agreed to resolved that the committee on Post offices and Post roads be instructed to enquire into the expediency of establishing a Post Road from Cheater in the county of Warren to Minerva in the county of Essex in the Sute of n. York. The Bills for clothing the militia and concerning the disbursements of the Public monies were ordered to be engrossed for a third Reading to Morrow. Adjourned. Tuesday december 17. By Senate. Or. Samuel Smith a senator from the state of Maryland in the place of William Pinckney deceased appeared this Day was qualified and took his seat. Or. Stokes of North Carolina mid of Alabama also appeared to Day and took their seats. The Resolution submitted yesterday by or. To find of Maine referring the several subjects of the presidents message to the appropriate committee were considered and agreed to. The Senate adjourned. House of representatives. Several petitions both of a Public and private nature were presented and referred. Or. Eustis from the committee on military affairs reported a Bill to continue the present Mode of supplying the army of the u. States that is the commissariat system a which was twice read and committed. Or. E. From the same committee reported the following Resolution resolved that the president of the u s. Be and hereby is requested to cause a Survey to be made or the Bay and River Penobscot and to determine on the expediency of constructing a Battery or other fortification in or near the town of Prospect on the West Side of Penobscot River and in Case such fortification shall be judged necessary to cause a plan thereof together with an estimate of the expanse of erecting the same to be Laid before Congress at their next session. This resolve was agreed to. On motion of or. Little the resignation of or. Smith a member of this House having be a announced the speaker was instructed to inform the executive of the state of Maryland thereof. The House agreed to the Resolution offered yesterday by or. Cocke of Tenn. The Bill to provide for clothing the militia of the u. S. Was read a third time passed and sent to the Senate for concurrence As Alse the Bill concerning the disbursement of the Public monies. Id Ltd Ray l. Wednesday december 18. In Senate. Or. Williams of Tennessee submitted. The fallowing Resolution for consideration resolved that the committee on Public lands be instructed to enquire into the expediency of authorising the state of Tennessee to sell on such terms As the legislature May think proper All the vacant land lying East and North of the line described in the first Section of the act of Congress passed the 18th of april 1806, entitled a an act to authorize the state of Tennessee to Issue Grants and perfect titles to certain lands therein described and to Settle the claims to the vacant and unappropriated land within the state of Tennessee or Ware submitted the following Resolution resolved that the military committee inquire into the expediency of providing by la for the final settlement of the militia claims of the state of Georgia for services rendered tinder orders of the president of the United suites during the years 1792, 1793, and 1794. J or. Vandyke from the committee the Public lands to which had been referred the Bill concerning the lands to be granted to. The state of Missour for the purposes of education and other Public uses reported the Safoe without amendment. Or Brown of Ohio Laid the following Resolution on the table Reso hed that a standing committee of five members be appointed on the subject of roads and canals. The Senate adjourned. House of representatives. Or. Jennings presented a petition of the Board of Trust of the Western missionary society praying for a Grant of a tract of land the better to enable them to carry into effect their plan for the civilization of certain Indian tribes which was referred to the committee on Public land. Or. Cook Frota the select committee on the subject reported in part a Bill to authorise the laying out and opening a Road from Wheeling in the state of Virginia to st. Louis in the state of Missouri. The Hill proposes to appoint commissioner amp a. One of the provisions of it is that the Road shall pass by the seats of government of fhe Quot states of Ohio Indiana and Illinois the Bill was twice read and committed. On motion of or. Hardin of by. It was resolved that a committee be appointed to inquire what further retrenchment can be made in the expenditures of government without detriment to the Public service. Or. J. 8. Johnson of Louisiana offered the following Resolution resolved that the Secretary of state be requested to Lay before this House so much of the letter of or. Or squat As relates to the establishment at the Mouth of Columbia River and such information As be Rosy have in my
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