Page 1 of 21 Oct 1920 Issue of The American Israelite in Cincinnati, Ohio

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The American Israelite (Newspaper) - October 21, 1920, Cincinnati, Ohio, Ivan a a a. A a 1 a a a a tip let there two not be Light. Volume 67 Cincinnati Omo october 21, to. A number 17. Edgar Allen Poe died oct. 7, 1849. Hear the tolling of the Bells death Bells i what a Span of tragedy their harsh insistence knolls a the is dead a they seem to say a and his poor senseless Day is forgotten Ere it mingles with the Mold is forgotten is forgotten Ere its cold. He is dead dead dead and there a non will shed a tear. Never fear there is none will shed a tear at his i the Bells Bells Bells How each muffled paean swells with precision. Every Echo and vibration Wotli a Bouse column nation. Seems to hover in the air is Ems to hover everywhere. In derision. A the is dead dead dead a sing the Hells. Foolish Bells lying Bells hear the pealing of the Bells joyous Bells Whit a tale of ecstacy their jubilation tells House be Quot so they seen to say seem to sing. The Man we celebrate today is a King a he is Long years dead Eye cry ease your chatter Little people a sing the Bells Witlin the Steeple to is Only fools that die every vile column Gator is forgot it him rot the Man we cell brate today can not a and the poor restless Sleeper hears the paean Ever deeper. Hears tie paean Ever Dei per As it penetrates the Tomb As it filters through i tie gloom of the his spirit Wratis the spirit of his Bride. ,bpide4 Young she died and ids broken heart was buried at her Side t a Gether in the silence of the Tomb the Sileik e of Liat narrow narrow room 9 a a Thev listen to the l Ells to the Bells Ziells to the j a yous jubilation of tiie glad mad Bells to the rocking mocking laughter of the Bells. A Vilda Sauvage Owens. How is he so in a thank god i am not rothchilds the talmud tells us of two different rabbis that thanked Sotl every Day that he had made Vliem neither a Gentile nor a slave nor a woman. Mena hot 1,. Tos Efta Itter Akot Ali. This in itself shows the difficulty of exactness in tradition. These statements were embodied in our daily morning prayers and perhaps will remain there in spite of the 19th amendment to the Constitution of the United states. The same statement is attributed by two Creek authors one of whom quotes it i rom Socrates and one from Plato with the difference of Tom use that these men to linked god that he had made them greeks and not barbarians free men and not slaves men and not women. The distress which is the result of the late War suggests to me a fourth Benediction thanking god that he has not made me a Rothschild and Tylius spared me the distressing experience that the greatest wealth is still incapable of remedying the evils produced by the War. D he late yiddish humorist shalom Rabinowitsch better known by his pen name Shulein Aleichem in one of his most Brilliant sketches inscribed Quot if i were Rothschild a presents the Case of a poor teacher in the ukrainian town named by him Kasril Ewka who figures out what he could do if he were Rothschild. First of All he would see to it that his wife should have every Friday two cents in her pocket for you can not blame a woman for being Cross if she has not at least two cents a to Kinnke then he would try to rent a Hovel which has three rooms because As he was situated he has to do his teaching in tie same room where his wife is doing her cooking and no one can blame her for being irritated when she is constantly disturbed by the noise which the boys make. If however he bad three rooms be would set aside one for his teaching and in the two others she could do All her cooking frying baking stewing for a fall the Black a having settled this prestion he would see to it that the roof of the Semi Gog which he attends should be repaired. It leaks just above his seat and that is very inconvenient on a Rainy Day. After that he would build it Tiew Bath for the communal hath is in a very dangerous condition and god forbid it might collapse just when the women Are bathing. After that he would Sec to it that every student in school should have a Book of his own because when two boys use me same Book there is always fussing find the instruction is disturbed. He would even go farther and establish a printing Louse where All books needed or instruction would be printed and mus an Opportunity would be Given to to bring their studies up to r of test academic requirements. Having settled this he would make Utt Ouist to Stop wars for what is a about anyhow one nation wants territory which the other nation de now our Friend would argue Ith these people. He would say what 00 Yon want this territory for you jut to have More Money now Here a re Ilion. You English you rus want this territory for the la so of raising Revenue. Here is a it for you. Here is another ill peace. Finally it nifty better idea to abolish of together which is the source i trouble but just now while the u making his calculation it der. Tomorrow will be Fri out a. Bother the life of him where to take the Money to buy food for the Sabbath going to do it my problem is not exactly the same As that of the Quot Melf Lmeda from Kas role ska. I do not wish to be a Rothschild and the reason is quite evident. Here comes a circular asking for a contribution to save the starving cell Dren in Central Europe. The circular shows heart rending pictures of children swollen by hunger their thin legs being Bent by rickets the result of years of Imper nourish intent it shows a room Bare of All furniture with the exception of some kind of Bedstead made of the boards of an old dry goods Box and it describes in appalling figures the terrible rate of mortality among infants. If i were Rothschild ii and i would give a million it would not remedy All evils. The same mail brings me an Appeal from Poland with the statement that there Are 3 0,000 War orphans to be taken care of who Are at present housed if we May Call it so in cellars in dilapidated warehouses crouching on the floors without bedding without cd Over and Clad in . I would give another million. Then comes an Appeal from Palestine telling me Liat there Are inmates in tie old Peoples Home suffering from want of food. There Are any number of Cal Loren Wii Ose parents had been expelled by the government As enemy aliens and can not be located. There Are any number of skilled and industrious Nie clinics unable to make a Livel Ilioyd partly because of the general i Onon Ilc crisis partly for want of raw material and tools and so there is a Liole Long list of causes of destitution All of which while i am unable to investigate Vliem appear Only too probable. Weke i Rotl Schild there would be another Nilion Dollar Check drawn. Another mail brings me the Appeal of a rabbi a Man some fifty years of age who Lias been in Liis congregation for Over Twenty years. It is a Small town Wlinich at Best could Only afford a Livi Lahood to the amount of its pulpit. In Olden limes before Freedom of movement was granted to the jews tie a eng relation was a Large and record ing to tie reckoning of the Region a wealthy one. It had in addition to the income from the fees of its members a substantial Trust fund accumulated in tie course of centuries Liy i eos be who left a Heidi West to tie congregation either in government Bonds or in real estate. Now the real estate has lost its value and the government Bonds even if the interest on the coupons is paid which is not always the Case the value of the Money is ridiculously is Viall. Let us illustrate the fact because it is a piece of Lewisii Lii Story. An old jew considered wealth in in those Days divided his estate in his will so that every child so would have an equal share and another share equal to that left to his children was devoted to clarity. To get congregation should receive the income from it give to the rabbi a part and the rest should be distributed among tie poor so As to insure the testator a Eliare in tie world to come or As Uliey called it a to provide for his the share of the rabbi would would Ite let us say five florins enough to buy a pair of shoes but now the same Anion it is about five cents or less. What is the poor Man to do he is too old to expect a Call to another position too old to look for any other Means of making a livelihood and he is Only one of Many most of the members of his congregation included who Are at that time of life in need of assistance. Another letter an institution for the education of the Lirlind or the deaf , was established fifty or More years ago. It had a modest fund at its beginning but in the course of time wit i the increase of needs. Hie fund grew. As is tie Case of All institutions of this kind our own country included Liis institution lived up to the full capacity of its funds. There were always More than could be accommodated and there was always room for improvement. A Library had to he established the implements Foi manual training w Ere to be added a recreation Home in summer w As needed and a ii usion fund for the teachers was provided in order to obtain a team Long staff equal to that of Public Sci tools tie building had to be enlarged and so on. During the War it was required that the trustees of the institution show Ali eur patriotism whether they wanted to or not so they had to invest in War Lions and now after the War the Bonds Are wet but value and the coupons if they Are sold at All mean absolutely nothing. The Price of food and of clothing As also of labor Lias increase in to about 1,000 per cent. Liere is this Money to come from unless our Brethren in More fortunate lands especially in the United states come to our assistance there is Ai Kotlier Appeal and i shall tills time mention two facts Liy name. The rabbi inca Seminary in Breslau was Estali lashed in 18�4 by the bequest of a Large hearted philanthropist Jonas Fraenckel Olio died in 1846, and endowed the institution with a capital of 1 k�,000 to idlers. Wlinich in pre War times meant Al out .$70,000. The income in these Days was evidently sufficient to maintain the institution and pay the salaries of five professors. In the course of tii be the income became reduced in value and the stuff was also reduced to three teachers. The needs of students who were unable to support themselves a Quot Ere in some measure provided for from the income of donations and subsidies granted by congregations and individuals. The value of a theler or three Marks is now Between five and six cents. A scholarship of 200 Marks which in former Days was a substantial assistance to a student who supported Liin Iseh by private lessons is now about three to four dollars per annul and while the Cost of living is still lower in Germany than it is in the United states this income which might have tided the Young Man Over four months is not sufficient for a week. I receive a letter asking whether it would not be possible to obtain help and if i were Roth is child i would reason that Here Are meritorious scholars who have Laboured for a lifetime and Noav Are 70 years old and Are facing absolute destitution. The same Story comes from Vienna. Austria May claim the Merit that its government first saw the need for a modern training of rabbis. Way Back in 1797 the provincial government of Bohemia issued an order that no one should be appointed As rabbi unless he had taken a course in philosophy at some University. In 1820 his majesty the narrow minded but Well meaning Philistine Francis i sent a circular to the leading rabbis of his country demanding an expression of their opinion on the establishment of a rabbinical Send Leary to which the government would Grant a subsidy. The Rabb so addressed evaded the question hey could not afford to antagonize his majesty and they did not feel that rabbinical students whose time was needed for their talmudic studies Sli Ould waste part of it in taking up secular studies. So the matter rested until 18�h, when finally such an institution was established in Vienna supported by the income of several Hundred thousand florins contributed by Vienna financiers by subsidies annually granted by the Large congregations of the former Empire and by smaller donations made by individuals. The i Wernent also granted an annual subvention. The latter has now been withdrawn on the ground of the straitened financial conditions of the country. Most of tie Large congregations that granted annual , like Prague Bruenn , Are now parts of foreign countries and tie income of the sinking fund is ridiculously Small. There Are again a few men on tie teaching staff every one of them a scholar of International reputation. The president Adolph Schwartz is a Man 74 years of age. Next to him is Samuel Krauss some .50 years of age. They have been Liel Ped temporarily so As to be protected from absolute a starvation but not More. But what Are they to do in the future the latest Appeal conies from the Jacobson school in . This is a piece of Tewis history in modern times. Israel Jacobson a very wealthy whose life was devoted to the improvement of his co religionists established a school which was for its Day a most remarkable Advance in pedagogy. Jewish Lions who in Liose Days Veie Brou Glit up without any secular a duration should be instructed by the Side of to Kristians and in this Way their habits should become assimilated and a better Mutual understanding Between them should be rendered possible. Israel Jac Olison died in 1828, and Bis descend ants of whom Are still among the directors of the institution took Al Days an interest in tie work of to Weir Anestor and added to the funds of the school which also bad an income from pay students lie cause the founder also wished Liat class distinctions Between Rich and poor Sli Ould be eliminated through the medium of a common education. Now like All other institutions supported by the income of a sinking fund the institution is facing the alternative of closing its doors or being turned Over to the government As a Public school which would not be so bad a solution but would mean practically tie going our of existence of a most historic Experiment in education. If i were i do not know Liat i would do in reply to such an Appeal. The tiling however i know definitely. If i Lead the ambition of Sholeen Alec Liems a Melamed to establish a publishing House which should Issue Good Bixik on jewish subjects conveying solid information in a pleasant and yet solid manner and if i were a Rothschild i am not quite sure Beth de i w Ould Suc Ceeil. A Rothschild Fortune might be sufficient to publish the books but Bow Quot to make people buy and read them is a question that i am just As unable to solve As the Melamed was unable to solve the question How w Ith All his honest plans for the improvement of humanity he could get enough Money to enable his wife to Siuy tour for the Sabbath bread. Gotthard Deutsch. Time it Lorhen i saw my old Friend was in 1992 when i attended the Congress of orientalists in Hamburg. His letter is another proof for the timeliness of my prayer of thanksgiving that Providence has not made me Rothschild. Proposed jewish representation in the league of nations authorised by Max j. Kohler. P. once attended a yiddish theater and saw a play Wii Ose title i have forgotten luit i remember its leading character was a garment Nian fac tui or of the new York East Side who constantly boasted of his popularity and each time when he told a Story of an Alderman or a state senator with Wiconi lie wits on intimate terms be added a a eco Hob Fand Bluff i hate a Bluff. I am in a similar apologetic position Wien i think of the numerous instances in Wlinich i referred to people that applied for assistance to me. Therefore i give a translation of the following letter from Hamburg dated september 24, Wirich i received on the Day after i had written my article. It reads a Chi Gill esteemed Friend i take the Hli erty to Call you so Althou Gli who have for about two decades not come in direct Contact because i am not appealing to you in my own interest but in tie interest of my 120 proteges poor ii Ildren from Eastern Euronie who at tend the school of Altona i Liese ii Ildren Are underfed and Lifavi neither sufficient clothing nor shoes Many of them come to Sci tool Barefoot a tiling which has never Liap lined in tie forty five years of my connection with this institution. Looking to the rate of american excl Iange it w Ould be so easy for american jews to provide for the jewish children of Germany at least food and garments this has not been done As yet and we ought to be ashamed of the fact that some children of our jewish school in Altona have to be fed by the Znak Eis. Should you dear esteemed old Friend with the influence that Yon have not be in position to Start genuine and effective Relief action first of All however i would ask you to assist me in obtaining Aid for my 120 proteges in Altona during the coming Winter. The congregation of Altona is at the end of its rope with kindest regards to you and to your dear ones in my own and in the name of my family i remain your old Friend and admirer Sig new a m in explanation of this letter i wish to say that the writer some thirty Odd years ago edited a paper to which he asked me to contribute which i then a very Young Man considered quite a compliment. I did so at the time but during the Twenty nine years that i am living in America i have but Little seen and heard of him. The last i ast August the new Simk times and other papers published a cablegram referring to an alleged Resolution adopted by the a committee of jewish organizations in Baris which had been formed to secure equal civil and religious rights for jews in the countries of their residence through the peace conference in favor of representation of jews As such in the a league of it has since been ascertained that this cablegram was erroneous and that the Resolution was in favor of representations being made to the league of nations Council on behalf of the persecuted jews of Eastern Europe pursuant to important express provisions in the polish and other treaties and did not seek representation of jews As such in tie league at All. However As so often happens the belated correction was never published in the press As associations do not like to con Cetie that they Ever err. Meantime however interesting letters on the subject of the cablegram promptly appeared in the new York times in its issues of August 2gth and a loth respectively we Ritten by Shahbi i and Inan of the american hebrew and Bernard g. Richards Secretary of the american jew ish Congress committee. Rabii Landman ably denounced the alleged nationalistic demand for jewish representation and its Folly and pointed out that Lead no represent Tori As such in the league and that it was merely a league of Sovereign states so that tews were not entitled to representation As such but w Ere adequately represented by the delegates of the various countries of which Uliey Are citizens. Incidentally be pointed out that the Paris committee in question really did not contain any authorized representatives of Ain Rioin jewry at All and that american jewry had not favored such representation because even if the ame Lonn jew ish Congress committee Ever Lead a right to Siilak for american jewry As a whole which he denied. Its authority did not continue after it had been legally dissolved and that the Rump Assembly that continued is not represent Ive the members having been elected to serve merely till Reid Ort we As rendered on the peace Trif Alfier negotiated and its moral into Renee As representing american jewry in general prac Mically ceasing when men like , Jacob h. Schiff Ami Simon Wolf refused to identify themselves wit i the new Rump body. Or. Richards in reply chiefly to the question of tie alleged representative character of the newly reconstituted a american jewish Congress and very wisely refrained from arguing pro or Eon on the merits of the alleged proposal for representation of tie tews As Sincli in the Lic ague. An interesting a Equels or rather i prelude clip ontologically considered had now come to Light concerning such alleged plans for representation of jews As such ii the of nations. It is furnished by the leading Continental jewish paper the a Vallge Meine Zeitung Des Jude tums a the issues of we hic i Are at length reaching this country again. On february 6, 1920, it published some very interesting and important letters received on this very question by a jewish journalist of Paris named n. Frank and placed by Liim at the disposal of the jewish Central i Ress Agency of Zurichin answer to inquiries addressed by him to the distinguished French statesman i.,Eon Bourgeois president of the French i.,eague of nations association and now president of the of nations Council itself and to m. Albert Thomas formerly a member of the French Cabinet and Leader of the socialists of France. Or. Bourgeois evidently preferred not to answer the inquiry personally and referred it to the Secretary of the French association m. Prud Houi Meaux instead but the latter san ser undoubtedly was inspired by his chief whose co operation was probably the most important influence next to president Wilson a in the adoption of the of nations covenant. Or. Thomas answered himself. These interesting letters read As follows in translated or Tatlier re translated form for they do not appear to have been published in any other jewish paper in Liu rope or the United states so far for some unfathomable Rea son answer of m. In Secretary of tie association Francais pour la society Des nations a your letter of december 10th addressed the question to the president of our association. Or. I.,Eon Bourgeois Are the jews judicially entitled to representation in the league of nations As phrased it does not seem to me to be possible to answer your inquiry. The Itcague of nations will consist of such nations As Are recognized As such As per the article of the covenant of april �?~28, 1919, a by at least two thirds of the Powers that Are already members of the league and offer actual guarantees that their purpose to meet their International obligations is Bona fide. So far the jews constitute no nation. They Are divided up Abong a certain number of nations that recognize them As their subjects with More of less comprehensive rights and in consequence they endure As far As the of nations is concerned the Fate of the particular countries to which they belong. Poland for example has joined the league of nations her jews constituting part of the polish nation accordingly belong to the league of nations. As concerns the polish jews who for example cd migrated to the United states they also will belong to the league of nations in As far As they Are naturalized citizens of the United states since the United states belongs will belong to the . That is the rational solution and the question that engages your attention will have to await its answer according to Niy views till the arrival of that problematical Day when zionism shall have succeeded in establishing in Palestine or elsewhere an autonomous Jewis i state recognized by the other states As such. Signed Prudhommeaux. A litter of m. Albert Thomas you Are familiar with my frequently Pum icly expressed View s in favor of the jewish people. You Are directing to me today a rather strange question Are the jews jul radically entitled to representation in the of nations i think j can answer that jul radically i do not think so. The text of the league of nations covenant itself forbids Entrance thereto of such nationalities As Are not constituted in the Frame repute of a modern state. If in Palestine not merely a jewish Colony but an actual palestinian state were , then the jews would have a right to secure a place in the of the a Cague of nations. On any Osiier Assumption this would not be possible. I will add that every other association which i is working in the various lands for the ivc Ngue of nations joins in the unanimous View that for the present at least All nationalities that Are not constituted As states including even Large social , like the legally organized religions should lie left out. And i believe that they Are right. Signed Albert Thomas. Tie distinguished statesmen whose letters Are Hereinbefore set Forth might even have gone one step further and pointed out Liat tie i each conference itself speaking authoritatively through its chairman m. Clemenceau had in effect unanimously answered tails very question in the negative in the monumental letter of tone 24, 1919, Mcconv Panyong the polish treaty a it Khz a sed a by it to m. A a Paderewski. In dealing with some a a suggestions made to it by Iceland against an earlier draft of this very treaty in a memorandum dated tune Loti and which evidently protested against any alleged Effort to recognize in Olish jews As a separate political nationality m. Clemenceau correctly distinguished Shai ply be two Een International a guarantees of religious and cultural minority rights for the jews of Poland a which were granted in fact and recognition of any Jewis i ii Lotical National rights saying a in View of the historical development of the jewish question and the great animosity aroused by it special Protection is necessary for the tews in Poland. These clauses have been limited to the minimum which seems necessary under the circumstances of the present Day Viz the maintenance of jewish Sci tools and the Protection of the lews in the religious Oli Servance of their Sabbath. It is believed that these stipulations will not create any olt Stacle to the political Unity of Poland. They do not constitute any recognition of the jews As a separate political Coivin Unity within the polish rabbi Landman was quite right in immediately vehemently re Lidia Tibig the notion that american jews want any one to represent them in tie league of nations a a league of a politically Independent states other than the official of our beloved country. They Are devoted and patriotic citizens of the United Stales of America and the claim of an a International jewish political Union Quot is a figment of the diseased imagination of a Henry Ford and his minions and of their prototype the liase anti semitic forger of vile fabricated a protocols a those who May work and Pray for a palestinian jewish state sometime to have a seat in the league How Ever unwise or visionary their dreams May be do not claim that such hypocritical palestinian representatives would be the it Reify Newt an intense anti semitic Campaign has manifested itself among the russian emigrants in Serbia. The feeling is especially grow ing in so called a a cultured circles which accuse the jews of fostering Bois Helsm and of aiding the bolsheviks to ban russian a a culture from Russia. It has transpired that before the polish evacuation of Belostock a number of jewish shops and residences had been plundered. Martial Law was proclaimed with the result so it seems that two jewish soldiers who were charged with plundering Honses w Ere shot. No others appear to have been punished. The anti semites expressed dissatisfaction with the action of the polish ambassadors in Washington and ism Don who had declared that the tews acted loyally daring the Warsaw crisis. What answer they , can be Given to the world regarding the execution of tews guilty of treason after such declarations the to Welsh lithuanian and White populations of tin of Vilinia have appealed to the Fyon sul to intervene and see tint their District does not come Witlin the province of polish administration As they Are in mortal fear of their lives. Colonel Worth tie British representative has accordingly gone to the polish capital to convey to that government the prevailing sentiment of the local porn Laton. The government of Lettla Iid Lias declared Liat ail foreigners engaged in useful occupations will be allowed to remain in the country. But it refused to permit seven Hundred jews former residents of let land to return to the country from bolshevik Russia. When the refugees arrived at the Frontier they w Ere All sent Back despite a petition of jews testifying that the fugues had resided in tie country a fire the Gerry a a in Vaslds. Or. Millerand the new president of the French Republic has arc Quentin been the subject of anti semitic attacks. The Libre parole constantly referring to Bini As a emr. the fact is Liat the Mother of the new president is a Tew Ess Miela Nile cd Ahen by name of an old but decayed parisian Jewis i family. His refusal in the Days when be w As a struggling and Law Yert oar kept posts outside in Aris was largely due to his desire not to be parted from her possessing As he does that characteristic jew Isle trait intense family affection. Or. Millerand has never concealed his origin but has always Slown the warmest sympathy Tow our co religionists. Trump Eldor s grave desecrated. Political representatives of the jews of tire United states Eravester Europe. Nor did certain representatives of the jews in Eastern Europe who have for Dei Ades enjoyed or Tatlier it offered under a certain benighted form of jewish Conini uial autonomy foisted upon Plieni by intolerant gov Eil ii cents and who would have liked to continue the via Iii under a new High sounding name really seek political rights for an inti National .tewr.v, located All Over the world despite tie Iii crate Nii Stonier a National jewish Rigits a instead of a jew Isle cultural Rigits a but such re quests for National minority rights for jews in certain i last european coun tries Ali Tever value they May live Lead As a Liis Orieal Docu intents Quot a were fortunately chiefly at the instance of tie True representatives of american ii wry stowed away in a old curiosity shops a alien tie time for action Lind Art sved new York october 1929. Strongly supported the Bill As a measure for the Protection of the Hanga it Rian intellectual forces. He declared that the Bill recognized the jes As a separate nation in accordance with the zionist principle. Deputy Ereck threatened the jews with wholesale murder and the jewish spokesman or. Sandor emphasized the loyalty of the jews during the War and demanded that the ministry of War should furnish the House with statistic to prove his Case. Bishop Prohazka defended the Bill on the ground that the development of the jews although it benefits he country still retards the Progress of the hungarians As a nation. The fact that the jews occupied a predominant position in Hungary As lawyers doctors and savants in his opinion endangered the development of the hungarian Genius. Otherwise he had every respect for the jews. Our co religionists regard the new Law As a breach of the minority clauses of the pea let treaty. Jews flocking to America. Berlin october 12.�?reports from Danzig Hamburg and Bremen say a great tide of jewish emigration to the United states has set in and that already it is flowing at the rate of thousands a Day through Antwerp and towards French ports. It has been necessary to erect Barracks at i it Danzig to House the applicants for passports and the correspondent there of the Berlin Tnge Blatt says virtually a new Eniy has come into existence come used of jews organized and financed by the Heji Rew immigration Aid society and Point distribution committee of America. Administration buildings , w Ork rooms restaurants and even a temporary synagogue have been provided in the outskirts of Danzig for the emigrants. There Are Many women and children awaiting transportation going they say to he Shanda and fathers in America. The tage Blatty a correspondent says Many of the men seeking passage to America have fled from Poland assisted by the joint distribution committee and others from Russia having Quot a been driven before the bolshevik army As it advanced into Poland. The poles made no opposition to their passage through the corridor to Danzig. Jerusalem oct. 1.�?it Lias been discovered that arabs the Graves of Captain Trump Eldor and the other jewish heroes who fell w Ith him in the Desense of the jew ish Colony meth la and Liat they live removed. The corpses. The discovery caused considerable agitation among the jew ish colonists. Palestine government to pay damages for riot victims. Jerusalem oct. 6.�?the Palestine government has agreed to pay �20,000 damages As a reparation to the jew s w Lio suffered As a result of tiie rioting Here last april it was announced to Day. The jew ish National Assembly meets Here tomorrow. The advisory Council recently appointed by sir Herbert Samuel the High commissioner had its first meeting Imlay. Poland. Ukraine horrors. Deputy Hartglass states Liat lie found during his visit to sled Lece that w wholesale robberies and even murders of jews had occurred there before the red occupation of the City during the stay of the invaders and after the reoccupation of tie Tow ii l y the poles. About a thousand jews Laid in tie forests during tie bolshevik Ricupa ton of the place. Tie Polis i Aifiti Seni Iles tried to incite tie red Coni Iii Andi is against tie Jewis i pro Teera buttliere were no cases of e living Lieen Given by jews to red . Tie red militia and the officials were recruited front among flu poles. The militia plunder Eil tie jewish shops and a priest named Halber Stadt offered the tews of Siedlecke As Well As tie refugees of Kotzuk Ceclia now and Pantcheff hiding id aces in the a lurches in tie event of a pogrom. After the Polis i occupation Many tews were killed and their goods plundered. Finally the i omm auder of tie polish troops restored order lint tie jewish population still suffers from a stringent Lio Coit Wloch Lias resulted in a shortage of food in All Jewis i ii Oines. The jewish world reprints the reports sent by a Corres indent of a contemporary presumably a non jews a concerning the Ukraine Borbora. Not alone were these pogroms constant and wide spread of the worst description including outrages upon Syna goes but the wounded jews in the hospitals w Ere Bay netted in cold Blo Al by be tourists. Tie report forms what the jewish world Calls a a. Dan Tesque picture a and tells in All truth w hat it denominated a a ghoulish Story of cruelty. The ukrainian press Bureau in London learns Llinat on receiving information of the outrages committed by some elements of the it Crainia Peoples Republic at once ordered an inquiry into this matter by the commanders of the army and the taking of All Steps to prevent excesses and to punish most severely the authors of these outrages. The Lemberg paper veered states that the excesses were committed against the whole population of East Galicia indiscriminately. Fort of the ringleaders have been Slot by the authorities. A delegation from the population of Stanislav w Ait de on general in Eplura at his Headquarters to inform him of these outrages. The necessary Steps that should be taken for the Security of the population were discussed. Galicia. Every Day details the terrible outbreak of excesses filter through to the jewish Community in Vienna. More than two Hundred killed and a number of seriously wounded persons have already been Registe Reil and the damage to property etc., is said to amount to More than fifty million Marks. The follow ing Are some particulars in the own of a Litz 46 per a on killed in Tish Raini Zane five killed and two wounded in Tisl Minitza three killed and two w funded in Marianicol Thi it were killed and 18 wounded in Stanislau two killed and five wounded Jesu pol 21 killed Mikil Sowitch 26 killed at Bursztyn 12 killed. It is also reported that in four other places names not given�?-131 tews have been put to death. Fifteen Jewis i refugees who sheltered in the Synagog at Llin Ianka to which the Soh Liers set fire were Imoneil to death Lille thirty six others were shot Dow ii while trying to escape. According to the latest info nation pogroms occurred in Many galician towns As a result of the operations of in it Luray a gang. At be Zumpol tie num Lier of Jewis i victims is unknown. At by so wac Twenty one jews were killed at halic i sixth ii the town was also completely plundered and at Bursztyn eleven. At Buka Bowce Twenty four jews were killed and won Mied. Most jewish Kiouses and Shotis in t re plan not fed in those towns and Many of our co religionists were left naked. In some places the Polis i civilians protected the jews but tin Polis i soldiers Exi scially in the Przemysla and Sampior District ill treated tiie jews. At Feltzin and Dobromil All jews serving in tie Force of gendarmes were dismissed. In the latter place a gendarme murdered the jew Zion Detinan. In a suburb of Grodno Twenty one jews disappeared and subsequently flute ii were found dead. Eigler Hun Dreili Bouses occupied by jews w Ere Burnt Down in the suburb. Gruel stories of abductions of jew s and jew cases and of of jew ish girls have reached Here. Drunken soldiers after assaulting Young girls poured Oil on to Weir fathers and alien burned them. In some cases parents died or became insane from the Slick of the ill treatment of to Weir sons and daughters w Liili Uliey were compelled to witness. In outlier cases heavy sums of Ransom were paid to the soldiers for the lives of jew s and the Honor of jew esses. In the face of such accounts of jew baiting the continued deportations of polish jews from upper Silesia to their Homes in Galicia appear to be specially cruel. The japanese demand for racial Equality. Now it is reported that the japanese will renew their demand for racial Equality before the league of nations. Doubtless such a demand is meant to offset the anti japanese agitation in California. At any rate it looks As if Japan w Ere in recent years a disturber of the nations not Only in China but elsewhere. When the league of nations was under consideration it was this demand for racial Equality which prevented the jews from obtaining equal rights. Fearing to Grant the japanese demands the members of the league were forced to guarantee minority rights to jews and others through site Cal separate treaties. This deprived the guaranty even on paper of that Universal Quality which was expected to Mark such provision for religious Liberty. That demand w As we consider More of a Factor in shaping the proceedings at the peace conference than the Lack of Unity arising from division Between zionists and their opponents. From All that we have read we judge that the conference was on the very verge of granting general jewish rights when the japanese claim threw everything into disorder. The jew As usual was the by. Jews deprived of citizenship in Hungary. Tie hung Rimi National Lias resolved by a majority of votes to seven Liat Only a re Stric time number of jews in in Rotor Tion to their number in relation to tie population of the country May lie admitted to the universities. In Ara Grapoli 3 of the act refers to the jews As being a separate nationality. This Law w As passed after a Ligated debate during which the let Deputy m. Perecki in a strenuous and angry argument with a Jewis i Deputy or. Sandor even went so far As to threaten that jews would idiot Only be persecuted in Hungary but would very probably be attacked and even murdered. The minister for education Stephen Haller declared that the jews must be regarded As an entirely separate nationality and As such must take Refuge in Zion Isiu. He said that it was ids intention to take measures to drive the jew s into the zionist Camp. By the passing of this act the hungarian National Assembly is the first european government to deprive the jew s of i heir rights of citizenship by Law. After Stormy debates in the hungarian parliament the Bill providing for the introduction of a percentage Norm for jews in the educational institutions in accordance w Ith the proportion of jew ish residents in the District was adopted by an overwhelming majority. The minister of education

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