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Terre Haute Wabash Enquirer (Newspaper) - July 8, 1840, Terre Haute, Indiana The Wabash enquirer. Pabli Siik every wednesday Ink being with the Freedom of a Man himself Freb to an audience of by George a. Chapman. Volume haute Vigo county lib id Iain a 8, 1840. I number 09.the Wabash nut Leer War which appeared to be apprehended by Congress granted territory of Orleans by donations of land to ,., should have occurred the defence of the country Able bodied Young men to be engaged and carried Publ hed every wed cd Day of he at u be Gnu there at the expense who would constitute a ii Ca a Bash Aad Law Tiercet Diri Coly Ted states. From these circumstances no less than Force always ready on the spot to defend new or of the court ii ust. Tenor of tie act by which the Only addition leans. The other was to class the militia according three dollars jux r annul. Provided for Tolje occasion and placed by con to the year of the birth and make All those from two Dollart and july Cenit will be received if paid Gross at tie disposal of the executive was of this Twenty to Twenty five liable to be trained and Call within eight months from the tune of its condition became then an a object of de into Active service at a moment s warning. This. Or Twa dollars if paid in Advance or within four Earnest a a a och etude and the result of my inquiries was would have Given us a Force of three Hundred thou j cers receive $30 a month or leaving them on full Montha. Most unt satisfactory. In some of the states the Citi Sand Young men prepared by proper training for pay and rations requires $1,565,000 per month no paper discontinued till ail arrearage Are paid Zens liable to militia duty turned the subject into service in any part of the United states while those i on coming into office or Monroe called the in unless at the option of the proprietor. A failure to ridicule and instead of being armed and equipped i who had passed through that period would remain remitted attention of Congress to the organization and notify a discontinuance at the end of the year will according to Law a ear in masquerade in others i at Home liable to be used in their own or adjacent discipline of the militia and frequently repeated the be considered a new engagement. W in mustered a majority of them Are armed with slates. These two measures would have Cor Aplet recommendation. J 5-.\dverti6ements in this i apr wiil not he Al walking canes fowling pieces or unserviceable mus Ted what 1 deemed necessary for the entire Security i i l 1825, the then Secretary of War or. Barbour Lowed to average More Tolian Bur co i Wii. I Etsu while in All the training produces Little else of our country. They would have Given on my re assembled a Board composed of regular militia offi inserted three tunes at than the abstraction of millions annually from the Tir ement from the government of the nation the con cers to take into consideration the expediency of one Dollar a Square lines to be continue ii at tie a Iroini Active Industry of the country. In of orc of the Sola tory reflections that having found when i was re organizing the militia. Their report and the rate of2 cents i or Squire weekly. I Nies the nuni Sites training the Initia has been abandoned in called to it not a single seaport town in a condition numerous letters addressed to the Secretary in re Ber of insertions be marked on the manuscript to when despair and tie Law of Congress on the subject be to repel a Levy of contribution by a single Privateer i ply to a series of queries put by him to the govern handed in it will be continued till ordered out and come a de id letter i Here were found in the chief or pirate i had left every Harbor so prepared by Ops of the several states recommend a select body charged a Accordi Nerly towns companies handsomely uniformed and Well work and gun boats As to be in a reasonable state j of militia to be trained for the defence of the coun advertisements Quot a Lub shed by the Quarter or Long drilled but their number is to Man the of Security against any probable attack the Territo j try in preference to the fruitless attempt then and or wiil be charged a Square ii for sex inti its works or guard the ii j Roach i to Timeir respective i by of Orleanis acquired and planted with an internal now making to discipline the whole mass or 10ayear.� cities. With this Force Only to depend upon the Force sufficient for its Protection and the whole tor or. Barbour says in his report to president and merch uits drug nuts and others advertising by danger to which i the country would be exposed on Mitory of the United states organized by such a Clas ams in 1826, Quot important changes in the present the year will be it urged for to. Squares the occurrence of the contingency contemplated by sit cation of its male Force As would give it the Bene i system Are indispensable to make the militia any Way for three Sij Rios i to Quot tor Quarter of a column of Congress could not be disguised. I shuddered fit of All its Young population for Active service and equal to the Standard assigned it by the of 2<k�<i Ems 5 ii Alf a column a Quot a a three fourths when i the scene of confusion that that of a Middle and advanced age for stationary do a the Patriot and again Quot it would appear that of a column fur a column �7. A a year. Would attend the air Yearance of a hostile Fleet before Fence. But these measures will i Hope to com a keeping in a system of the militia so extensive As adv rus 1110111-Auih irises by statute Inu i be Juaiil any of o in principal seaports. The forts manned plated by my successor who to the purest Pirinei a the present and Burthen some without any Advant fur i adv Ciao. Quot suddenly with troops unaccustomed to the use of pies of Republican patriotism adds a Wisdom and age to a Large class of our citizens was altogether coining from abroad must be a great guns contrasting their slow and Uncertain fire j foresight second to no Man on i unnecessary. A different organization therefore companies a Vii the Caslo unless ordered for Piihl through which the enemy would pass unharmed in j in 1810, or. Madison called the attention of con a which at least a million and a half of our most Tir year at the expense. The estimate upon the supposition that the officers and sergeants receive full pay for one month without rations or an allowance of rations might be necessary amounts to $l-,738. 00 and one made upon the supposition that the officers receive Only half pay and the sergeants full pay and rations amounts to ,578,000 a third estimate upon the supposition that All offi cation by a Brollier publisher a i Osla re must be paid. Til they moored their floating batteries opposite the Gress to this subject. Speaking of the militia he useful citizens would be relieved from the a profit to exert its Power. I presume few would be found to advocate the maintenance of a standing military Force adequate to All the purposes of peace and War. When therefore those exigencies arise from which no nation can expect exemption and which Call for an Extension of our physical Means we Mutt retort to an increase of the army or to the embodying of the militia. It is obvious from the extent of this great country that we can never keep at All the exposed Points such a permanent Force As circumstances May occasionally require. The natural and in fact the necessary dependence must be upon the militia and if it be unorganized ice Thall be found without the meant to repel a foreign enemy or to repress internal disturbances should these evils Quot the basis of an efficient organization of the militia must be a selection for instruction and service of that part of the population Best qualified for these duties. Ago and physical capacity present the proper considerations for such a selection. The principle is stated with his usual Force by or Jefferson in his message to Congress in december 1805.&Quot had the general principles Quot so frequently recommended been practically adopted and a corresponding system established with the necessary details first for instruction and then for Active service it cannot be doubted that the course of events which marked the commencement of the late War would have been avoided and an immense expenditure of blood and treasure saved to the nation. The warning voice which was not heeded then May perhaps be heard now and if it is it May produce in culpable Quot a Mere organization would Avail but Little unless inducements were held out for proper instruct , with tiie rapid tire and unerring aim of the says Quot it is for their consideration Congress Wheth-1 ii la pageantry of military Parade for five or six Days Tion and equipment and i consider therefore some in l Eilering col Respondence. We Are by tiie Central Cuil Mitlee of the Dezii Jurat c party of Virginia to Lay uie i in of in Irdein a before our Kail or a and Alliey a. A i Iii it every Marii Eltiy recommend or. Of Noettl Lutu 11 fied and Abie Leller to l in of Taij i states j i it Vimond May 29. 11�. D i sir a tue Niiler St of tiie Adin n Starlion As far As la in l Pei nos ii Jii tire Favora the Ivole of til St lie and Al Oas we Bel eve tie Cali a col Trusi in it if. Have been Reilly Premji juiced by the extraordinary use i lieu Bias been 111 ule of your late 11, i c Nerini in tiie Iii a and like Minjir tail c Tegt to we a. Ive at Lia Iid Vav la Furrini a Freh i t a Cuil i red i it to Arii Liee and Jira a tired gunner by which an enemy would probably j or further provisions arc not requisite for tiie other t be year constituting so injurious a draft on be , or so crib pled As to be compelled to contemplated objects of organization and discipline t Leir Industry must be one which cannot fail to be abandon tiie Afta. K or supposing a Force to land on to give to this great mass of physical and moral Well received by the american people and Vohen too our a Shoree. I foresaw the useless Slaughler of our Force the efficiency which it merits and is capable of t is believed tit notwithstanding this Relief a surest and bravest citizens who for want of instruct receiving it is indispensable that it should be in. Perior efficiency will be imparted to this natural Arm Tion would in All human probability be Ontman strutted and Practised in the rules by which they Are the National defence Quot u ured and det eyed and the calamitous scene of the to be governed. Towards an accomplishment of this Board of officers composed of Gen. Scott la Ial War m tie Eiju Ture of was Iii Foo 1 be acted Over Imp Orland work. 1 recommend for the consideration a a Cadwallader of Pennsylvania adj. Again i ii result of the action in which raw Mili of Congress the expediency of instituting a system tineral Sumner of Massachusetts adj. General tia were Roii it suddenly to Gettier and opposed to which in the first instance Call into the Field at the a t?.-�, >11. A l con Oderat .or,.-, we Are co i tra Vicil i i Yiu directly Uii tie suiijct, and to St Ile a i \ Quot i tie Siijlaiiee of 1 i Ide to y our Jau re i zing the Iii . \ us Are Char Quot a Tiia Ile Rii of la a Iii a Tayidi Iier Riny Quot i t a i i l tin ii mini Mei. It i i a Syten a Pree Iii ii in our a iiiil.-, Lyra ii Cal and Poji Reisine in Aii it. Devils Ai. U lieu Al a parallel 1 1 tiie history of i ree i void line a a , which it 16 Aii eged was re Jin tied to tiie i re Leil exam Ned and approved by Lii a lord before Congress Al tins particular period 111 or later Lour Mii ize a body of Vot is to favor re elect Iii. I Gnu Are charged moreover with living or g naked a Sci Cine a Mel diag every Ian to Lunn sii i own arms and to hereby into Iii a a in a y tax on the , contrary to the Genii is of our .11-Btitutions. I hese state Uenas Piave Joen so Suie nitty a ired Liat they May impress a portion it of tiie people a \ , with distrust of one Olio could have in projioed and advised such a plan. Aii l our opponents have so adroitly Iii played it i j be the prejudices of tiie people tint we Asly Quot in Ali spirit of to review tiie while subject Ami la set Forth tic i i Quot is we ii Zirul iced Ami to a to pose it at this particular juncture cd Ila ii to us Llie True character of yur proposition and tie to d Jcrim be j id intent aide by the objections of your adversaries have com Lucid \ Quot a and state lie rain the plan pro i cd i from tho a on a Rmer Oci Asci presented to Congress. The archives of your own , at of both houses of Congress Lii Taining the information we a Kiyite reach at Washington than is Josset stated in the con of Congress such a classification and organization of As necessary to the establishment of an efficient the militia As will most elect rally Render it a Safe plan Quot they proposed Quot to increase the Termo ser Liy our clues we respectfully Ark Yon to enable us la Sei matter in its True Light before the . Our i Jet in doing so is both Subserve the c Vuic got Trulli by a irling you of the uses which i a e been made of your a r po5itiun in \ in Iii and to Ilfin you a fair Opportunity of it fully before tiie nation. \ Erv respectfully Vours Uit Civie Secretary of the be Drai dem. Corn. Ltd a. To j. H. I oj.verr, Icso. St Hilary of War ii Aikin Toti. Or. Poinsett s . In Afi Ivington june .5lli. 40. Dear sir a i have the Honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 29lh Uii Iino Seal Iii your belief that the cause of Danio Tracy in Virginia had been seriously prejudiced by the use which has been made of my late report concerning the militia. Bringing to my View tie Subtance of the objections made to my plan and asking me Daniel of North Carolina Lieut. Colonels Eustis Iii Ion of forces 111 the open Field compared with that expense and for a time certain portions of Taylor and e. Cutler and major Nourse of the of new Orleans where the same description of troops the commissioned and non commissioned officers. Quot my took the same View of the class Ifica were assembled Soine before and stationed be the instruction and discipline thus acquired would Tion As i have done and exempted the Young men Hind Radii arts teaches an impressive lesson. On gradually diffuse through the entire body of the i up to the age of 21,because it was thought until one hand we see a Gallant but unrestrained army i tia that practical knowledge promptitude for a "ece.iary, in time of peace for government to in of Mil tia wavering before the steady Many Vres of Tive service which Are the great ends Tobo Pur Tefere with the Ordinary control of parents Guardi regular troops breaking therline acid panic struck ans ind mister Over minors and gave it As their Rev big from the Field leaving the enemy in Possession in 112, when on the eve of a War with great opinion that a Well regulated armed and instructed of the to Burn and destroy it while on the oth Britain or. Madison repeats the recommendation in Dit of 400,000 men for the whole Union would air a band composed of a Lew regulars and militia with great earnestness and at the close of the War sufficient for All the purpose who had the Benefit of being brought together a Short he says Quot i cannot press too much on the attention is Limo in Advance and posted advantageously behind Liastih-Contructcd line achieved one of the most the militia As will most effectually Fri pliant and glorious a clones recorded 111 history guard of a free state. If experience has Shewn in vice when the militia May be called out by the pros saved the we Iii was the object of the enter the recent splendid achievements of the militia the int rom three to twelve they , and drove the enemy with Digrace from our value of this resource for the defence it has cd Quot to enrol and organize one brigade for every Cominoli. A Shewn also the importance of that skill in the use of Gressional District in the United states the mini called by the voice of Congress to Prev Faro to de arms and of familiarity with the essential rules of Oum aggregate to be 410,474, and the maximum a fend the country taught by the events of the last Dis ii line which cannot be expected from the regu Greg ate ,595,270 Camps of instruction to be War what Iii Glit be expected from an enterprising lations now in a i formed for the officers alone who Are to receive pay and great meal Power and warned by the Enir Lish in 1812, the legislature of Kentucky adopted re during the period of Encampment. 104 Camps Are a Iress of the possibility in Case of War with that solutions on this subject and recommended to con recommended for ten Days in the year each to have c Bunfry of Black re it rim ends being landed within the Gress the classification of the militia by dividing it an instructor from the regular army at West Point territory of the sonic Eric states and that the Lior into three classes the first to be composed of All Ca and the number of officers annually assembled and rows of a Servili insurrection Mig it be added to the a a Pable of bearing arms from la to 21 years of age Pic Quot Rizig the period of Encampment after making or Kiniry Cai unies of War it became the duly of the the second Between 21 and 27�?the third Between Liberal deductions for absence from sickness and i ecu Tive to = Elk to,.rgan, and Render efficient 27 and 4 1 years of age. The principal object of the a Tiger causes is estimated at 1g,75s. The whole the Only Means hand. First class would be to acquire a knowledge of tactics expense calculated at $1,.50 cents a Day for a clip of i tie i remile it concurred with me m opinion with and discipline of the second which might be def cer at $1,25, and $1 varies from $318,12 j�?$276-Rcjard to the importance of re Ryan in no the militia nominated the effective one to be corny lately armed a to 2- 4,. I4n for the ten Days at this time but had no in a ire caring the and equip Ped to March whenever required of the men. Jackson than whom no Man in this country l Ian reported to Congress m previous knowl third to form a Reserve which need not be compel had better opportunities of observing and practical Etc of its details. It w is prepared As already led to attend musters unless when called upon to by experiencing the deficiencies of the present sys Siat ii at the rec Iest of a it mini tree of the House Render actual tem recommended in the most Earnest manner an of Uez it Roso natives at the close of last ses Quot the a Progress of All capable of bearing arms organization of the militia by classes. A says in is Iii Lini reported to this Cong res i upon a Call of the tii rough the several classes promises a greater per Bis message of dec Ember 18-55 Quot occurrences toll be in Ide air cutly us Ifni the Secretary of War of discipline than can be effected under the w hich we As Well As All other nations Are liable and As is Uinl in All such cases sent to that body present i All would in fact have thus passed Joth in our internal and external relations Point to without being previously submitted to the president. Through a school in Wlinich it would have been taught the necessary of an efficient organization of the i wit i it or it s details h a there Ore had nothing to and a perhaps More than a million of dollars be Annu tia. I am again induced by the importance of the do. In Pri Pang it my atle lion was first direct All saved to the Community in the labor of those subject to bring it to your attention. To suppressed to the Veril plans who i hid been recommend excused from uselessly attending musters. But the _ Domestic violence and to repel foreign invasion de to like c Ilion of Congress by or. A an big greatest advantage which would result from it would Quot should these calamities overtake us we must rely re . C .-.-rs, Well tiioe air a posed by be the keeping an effective disposable and compe the first instance upon the great body of the com com Nii Tei it fit Mgres, and oxi ene in m1 Lii cars of tent military Force at All times ready for service Unity whose will has instituted and whose Power toe lie amid Quot the Quot m Liti a. In Oiler that you May without the danger and inconvenience resulting from support the government. A Large standing t ully the to object and justly Appicci ate a a standing 1 military Force is not consonant to the spirit of our the i principles on which the Quot plan under c mideration j he great solicitude Felt by or. Madison for a institutions nor to the feelings of our countrymen is based i will Bently recapitulate the leading Points More efficient organization of the army induced him and tiie lessons of former Days and those also of our in the Ovstein. Again to Call the attention of Congress to the sub own times show the danger As Well As the enormous the firt plan that of general Knox wis sane Jet. In his last message of december 3d, 1816, he expense of these permanent and extensive military or toned by Ieie Rai Washington after being modified says Quot a a subject of the highest importance to a animations. That just medium which avoids an Ade according g to the alterations suggested by him. It the National welfare. I must again earnestly recon it irate preparation on one Liand and the danger an sex proposed to Divide the militia into three classes. Mend to the consideration of Congress a re organi Pense of a Large Force on the i other is what our cons tit i he first to be denominated the dance corps and nation of the militia on a plan which will form it Quot Quot to have a right to expect from their government to be composed of Yozing men from eighteen to then i into classes to the periods of life More or object can to attained Only by the main ten to years of age. Inclusive. The second to be Denom less adapted to military services. A efficient Mili Ance Ufa Small military Force and by such an not de the main corps and to be composed of men a tia is authorized and contemplated by the cons Titu a nation of the physical strength of the country As from Twenty one to be irs of Inge and the Tion and required by the spirit and safety of the May bring this Power into operation whenever its third to be Len Inin ated the Reserve corps and to government. I he present organization of our Mil services Are required. A classification of the popu be coin�>oed of men from forty five to sixty years of tia is universally regarded As less efficient than it j lation offers the most obvious Means of effecting this ase. Quot i ii Wiinie of the Advance of rps Quot Days the ought to be made and no organization can be better organization. Such a division May be made As will provision for elementary instruction and for such equipment As May be necessary to a proper emulation indispensable to any improvement of our militia system indispensable i May add to its very general government aids the states to Arm their citizens but its constant policy has beep., that every Freeman in America should be armed and equip de in order that he May at All times be prepared to defend his country and his Liberty. My plan proposes to train the officers and mgr into Gether whereas my predecessors appear to be of opinion that it is sufficient to have Camps of instruction for officers. I have considered this question anxiously and am convinced that the men who Are to stand shoulder to shoulder in the hour of Battle should be trained together in time of peace and equally satisfied that those who Are to defend the forts and fight the great guns must be assembled in the casements and on the ramparts and taught to Load those guns quickly and fire them accurately. The committee of the House of representative to of the 14th Congress of which Gen. Harrison was chairman appear to have been of the same opinion but we differ in the manner of rerun rating the services of the Iii tia that committee proposing to pay the officers alone while my plan contemplates paying privates As Well As officers it having appeared to me that the latter were equally entitled to be remunerated for Thair services As those who commanded them. My plan recommends the division of the whole territory of the u. S. Into military districts an arrangement which will be acknowledged by every person acquainted with the subject to be extremely useful to the service in time of peace and absolutely necessary in War. It proposes a succession in the militia companies selected for training so that one fourth part might every year impart to the body of the people a portion of the discipline and skill acquired during the period of service and one fourth be received for training fresh from the people thus keeping up in the trained bands the popular principle. It contemplates the previous legislation of the states before existence. An arrangement for these objects i its provisions Are to be carried into effect except in cases where citizens might Volunteer their services. In proposing to subject the militia when called out by the president to the rules and articles of War i have done no More than leave the Law As i now stands. Such a provision has been found Newessa to ensure proper subordination in the Field by All officers who have commanded militia and by none of them wag this necessity Felt and More frequently acknowledged than by Gen. Washington and Gen. Jackson. I have endeavoured to answer your enquiries in the spirit of frankness in which they Are made and believe that it will be apparent from this Brief recapitulation of the repeated and urgent recommend v la 1,tiers r Piave been in records Iii aids Job Iii Iii your would embrace the first class Only. It would to be sure involve expense fur an adequate compensation must be allowed to the persons required to be embodied at these schools of instruction for a few Days in the year and it would probably be found expedient to continue the present plan of voluntary corps with some charges and to require them also to meet for improvement. It is in vain to expect that the whole adult male population of the country can or will furnish themselves with the articles required by Law or that their collection for any number of Days they can afford to devote to this object and under the usual circumstances of such assemblages can produce any beneficial effect to themselves or their country. Already in a number to Congress by or. Van Buren s pre they proposed an Quot adjutant general i the states the system has sunk under the weight of decess ors and of the plans for the More perfect or Quot opinion and the practical question Noto is a animation of the militia proposed by former Secre who Thor we shall remain in fact defenceless or of War by committees of Congress and by to a Large standing military Force in time of be acc experienced officer of the army and militia of the thai just dread of All free governments or adopt a United Stales that the proposition under consider Eric enl plan which will prepare for the de action so far from being new in principle corresponds Fence the greatest Force at least Cost and without daa in its most essential provisions with those recon Ger. The blessings we have inherited cannot a mended by Washington,.Jefferson, Madison Monroe preserved without exertion nor without expense and Jackson and is certainly not less Liberal and it were Idle to sit still and flatter ourselves with democratic. Tho a illustrious men and enlighten the Hope that War is never to overtake , and it de patriots expressly state that they regard the would be worse to delay All efficient organization More perfect organization of the militia by training of our physical Means till the Lime for its Active pm a a Given number of them with Superior care As afford ploy ont arrives. Nearly fifty years have elapsed ing the Only Means of avoiding the necessity of keep since the adoption of the present Constitution. Dur ing on of no a Large standing army. Ing All that time no essential changes have been they All inculcate the propriety of relieving the made in our militia system and it has gradually de great mass of militia from the onerous Burthen of lined in Utility and efficiency and in conf frequent mustering and record mind the cos Silica Dence and there is reason to fear its entire aban Tion of it so As to confine the duly of training to defend Dorment unless it undergo important modifications the country to a select body of men varying Only As in this Long interval the value of the system seems to Trio number from three to four Hundred thousand to have been appreciated by All the presidents of the men. United states As Well As Thosa who from the Kiibits i it to not pretend to say that the system i have of their lives could Best estimate its value by their i pre. Cited to Congress is the Best that can be Devis personal observations As by those whose opinion sied out i Hope my friends Are now coi Vinced that May have been Well formed from the course of events j it is a a ii it precedent in our annals Quot to a Viii relation to this matter and in their annual ran Nical and Ophir Ossic in its details and without a communications commencing with the inaugural parallel in the history of free Gover Niente but address of general Washington this sul eject has on the contrary that in seeking to Lessen the Bur been almost constantly pressed up a the attention 1 thens of the people and at the same time to Render of Congress. For the purpose of slow in its im-1 the militia More efficient i have done no More than report Quot shall be clothed according to the manner calculated to give to it its due Force than a classify Here Atler directed armed and subsisted at the sex cation which will assign the Foremost place in the Pevise of the United states and All the youth of the defence of the country to that portion of its citizens to exp la n the True character of the proposition so As said corps in each state shall be encamped Ogeth whose activity and animation Best enable them to to enable Central democratic committee of Virginia or if Racli Cable or by legions which Noam men rally to its to set this matter in its True Light before the shall be called the annual Camp of in conformity with these views and in compliance i Avail , with great pleasure of the oppor Quot fhe youth of eighteen and Nineteen shall be Dis with a Resolution of the House of representatives thus afforded me of stating through Yon to i plied for thirty Days successively in each year requesting the Secretary of War to report a system my Liow-c.tizens of Virginia and to the people of and those of Twenty years shall be disciplined Only j for the organization and discipline of the militia the United states the motives which induced me to for ten Days in each year which shall be the last est calculated in his opinion to promote the Effi preen no a plan for inc re organization of tie militia ten Days of the annual Rio a a at this particular juncture of explaining the Princi Quot i be non commissioned officers and privates Are pies on which it in founded and of correcting As Well not to receive any pay during the said time but the the errors of bume who have Opit used it fairly As the commisioned officers will receive the pay of their misrepresentation of others who have sought Only relative ranks agreeably to the Federal establish to deceive and mislead the peo Jile. Ment for the Lime being Quot it Thust refresh la your ,tint Congress general Knox then goes on to estimate for a a very shortly before the close of the last session by a j r general and staff four brigadier with their in vote unanimous in one House and very nearly so in Peturs acid ads and All the other officers for four the other expressed an opinion that the country was legions amounting to the annual sum of $-iy.�,210. The next project for organizing tiie militia was Ortance in the opinion of those eminent citizens i have caused their communications to be examined. Imitated the example of the Best and greatest men who have ruled the destinies of this country. If i and find that the subject has been presented to the j thought it expedient when the country was threat legislature and the nation 710 less than thirty one ened with War to prepare to meet it they urged their times in their official recommendations. I indulge i fellow citizens to do so in time of peace. If consid tho Hope that the present state of affairs May i ered the present militia system defective and like Lead to a re examination of the system and to such changes As May Reader it permanently my plan exempts the very Young men from militia duty and in this respect coincides with that proposed by Gen. Scott and recommended by or by to Lead 10 defeat and disgrace at the commencement of hostilities and rendering the creation of a Large Slan Ditzig army necessary during their continuance and therefore recommended that a select body of citizens should be better trained armed and equip bar boar not Only because i agree with them that Ped than the rest in order that they might be pre such a distribution of service is an improper and in j pared at All times to repel invasion or repress insure necessary interference with parents and guardians 1 Section so did Washington Jefferson Madison and has an immoral tendency but from the hardship Monroe and Jackson and i am Well satisfied that it imposes and the difficulty it creates of bringing in endeavouring to carry out their views and follow together even a Small body of men in sparsely set ing their example i have been guided by the Bea led districts it includes All free White men from con Light of Liberty exposed to the Hazard of being involved in War and reposing a tru to and Confidence in the patriotism and Wisdom of the president unparalleled in the history of our Republic adjourned after ii sting him with full Wert to Avert or to meet the danger. Immediately alter the Jias Sage of that act which defined the description of Force to which the defence of the country was to be truted in the event of War the committee on the militia of the House of Lle presenta Cliency of Force when called into the service a plan was submitted in 1817, by that officer which divided the militia into three classes. Quot those Between 18 and 21 years of age to be called minor class those Between 21 and 31 to be called the Junior class and Over 31 and under 45 years of age to be called the senior class of the militia of the two first classes to be assembled at cantons cats not More than twice a year and that while so assembled they shall be subsisted and equipped Al the expense of the United states presented by or. Jefferson Quot in his Quot message to con one or More arsenals and depots were to reestablish Gross in december 1805�?he says Quot Vou will consider whether it would not be expedient for a stale of peace As Well As of War so to organize or class the militia As would enable us on a sudden emergency to Call f or the services of the younger portions unencumbered with the old and those having families. Upwards of three Hundred thousand Able Tives a quire me through Mieir chairman to pre bodied men Between the Ages of eighteen and then pare a plan for the better organization of the militia to six years which the last census shows we May of the United slates i and no sooner had Congress now count within our limits will furnish a adjourned than lie president sensible of the Reepon-1 competent number for offence or defence in any Sibili ties imposed upon him by this act and anxious Point whore they May be wanted and will give Lime alike to justify the Confidence of Congress and to i for raising regular forces after the necessity of them discharge his duly to the nation called upon the shall become certain and the reducing to the Early War and Navy departments to furnish him with in cried of life All its Active service cannot but be de statements showing the condition of the defences of sizable to our younger citizens of the present a., Well the country. The subject was carefully examined 1 As future times inasmuch As it engages to them in the state of our fortifications acid military prepare More advanced age a quiet and undisturbed Reisse tons and of our regular and militia forces accurate in the bosom of their families. 1 cannot then but y ascertained and attentively considered. This sex earnestly recommend to your Early consideration the am a nation proved that the Maxim bequeathed to us by the father of his country in peace prepare for War Quot had been utterly neglected. The avenues to our great Lomira crucial capitals and to our Moat important naval depots were unprotected and there existed no Means of Manning the forts that were in a condition to receive their armament. A few regiments of the army were concentrated in Florida from whence they could not be withdrawn without risking the safety of that territory and the remain dec were Dit it erased along tho extensive lines of the Northern and Western Iron tier. If therefore the expediency of so modifying our militia system As by a separation of the More Active part from that which is less so we May draw from it when necessary an effective corps fit for real and Active service and to be called to in regular 80 Earnest were or. Jefferson s convictions of the propriety and necessity of this measure that at a late period of his life this Able states Mari and exalted Patriot thus writes to general Kosciusko on the 26th of february 1810 two measures have been adopted which i i a cased upon Congress repeatedly at their meetings. The one to Settle the whole uned in each state or territory. The the House to which this portion of or. Madison s message and the plan of the Secretary of War were referred and of which general William h. Harrison was chairman submitted an elaborate report accompanied by a Bill adopting the principles recommended by the executive and engrafted upon it a system for the militia instruction of All the youth in the u. 8. At the expense. The report sets Forth that Quot to instruct the present militia of the country to any useful extent would require a larger portion of their time than they can possibly spare from the duty of providing for their families unless they Are liberally paid to a them would absorb All the resources of the Quot the alternative appears to to to direct the efforts of the government to instruct such a portion of the militia As their Means will allow and which would produce the most beneficial result upon the whole the Bill divided the militia into three classes As proposed by the Secretary of War and Gen. Harrison says Quot the Junior or the Middle class will be com to sed of men who have Small families or those who have none who Are in the full enjoyment of bodily strength and activity and whose minds Are More easily excited to military ardor and the love of glory than those of a More advanced period of life. Notwithstanding this classification it is recommended that the of cers and sergeants of the whole militia of the United states to trained for one month in every to just to All by transferring each at a proper period of life from one class to another and by calling first for the services of that class whether for instruction or action which from age is qualified for the duty and May be called to perform it with the least injury to themselves or to the . Should the danger Ever become so imminent As to require additional Force the other classes in succession would be ready for the Call. And if in addition to this organization voluntary associations were encouraged and inducements yield out for their formation our militia would be in a state of efficient service. Now when we arc at peace is the proper Timo to adjust and establish a practicable system. The object is certainly Worth tho Experiment and Worth the expense. No one appreciating the blessings of a Republican government can object to Hia share of the Burden which such a plan May impose. Indeed a moderate portion of the National funds could scarcely be belter applied than in carrying into effect and continuing such an arrangement and in giving the necessary elementary Quot the Armor and the latitude of defence afford the Best Security against those collisions which the ambition or interest or s me other passion of nations not More justifiable is liable to produce. In Many counties it is considered unsafe to put arms into the hands of the people and to instruct them in the elements of military knowledge. The fear can have no place Here when it is recollected that the people Are the Sovereign Power. Our government was instituted and is supported by the ballot boxy not by the Musket. Whatever changes await it still greater changes must be made in our social institutions be fore our political system can yield to physical Force. In every aspect therefore in which i can View the subject i am impressed with the importance of a prompt and efficient organization of the and or. Cass in his report of the same year uses the following language the defective organization of the militia is universally acknowledged. But Little practical Utility results from the administration of the present system and if this great element of National defence is Worth preservation and improvement it is time the whole subject should be examined and that a plan suited to the exigencies of the country should be adopted. I am unwilling to believe that there Are such inherent difficulties in this subject As to Render it impracticable or even very difficult to organize this great Force so peculiarly adapted to our condition and institutions in such a manner As to Render Active and efficient in those juncture when the cd Unity May be called on the age of from 20 to 37, separating from the mass of the militia 200,000 men one half of the number to be Lawe to be called out for training and the other half to be liable to military duly As a Reserve if their services should be needed the militia mustered for training to be assembled in the neighbourhood of depots of arms to be established for the purpose each battalion within its own state and As nearly As practicable in the Centre of its District. It recommends the battalion formation As confessedly that Best adapted for instruction. It contemplates arming the militia thus selected with arms to be furnished and kept constantly in Good order by the government leaving in Force the 1st Section of the Law of 1792, both because no preceding plan proposed its repeal and because the act which provides for the distribution of arms among tie several states in proportion to the number of their militia enables them to relieve their citizens in a very great degree from the Burden of furnishing their own arms and equipments. That Section of the old Law is in these words a Quot that every citizen to enrolled and notified shall within six months thereafter provide himself with a Good Musket or Forelock a sufficient Bayonet and Belt two spare flints and a Knapsack a Pouch with a Box therein to contain not less than 24 cartridges suited to the bore of his Musket or Forelock each Cartridge to contain a proper Quantity of powder and Ball or with a Good i flip Knapsack shot Pouch and powder Horn 20 balls suited to the bore of his Rifle a Quarter of a Pound of powder and shall appear so armed a courted and provided when called out to exercise or into services exc Cise Only he May appear without a Knapsack. That the commissioned officers shall severally be armed with a sword or Hanger and a Pontoon and that from and after five years from the passing of this act All muskets for arming the militia As herein required shall be of bores sufficient for balls of the eighteenth part of a Pound. And every citizen so enrolled and providing himself with arms ammunition and accoutrements required As aforesaid shall hold the same exempt from All suits distresses executions or sales for debt or for the payment of this Section of the act was approved by Gen. Washington in 1793 by or. Jefferson upon a revision of this Law in 1803, and has continued in Force to this a it. The Constitution guaranties equally to the people of the United Tafet the right of trial by jury and the right to keep and Bear army and lest the it eople should neglect to exercise these inestimable privileges on which their liberties a individuals Sod As a nation in a great measure depend the Law has from Tim commencement of uie Gever meat provided whet they a Hall do their Doty to Lief Neelee and to their country in these Eta initial particular. The i have now presented to you my motives he submitting this proposition at this particular juncture and As briefly As practicable a sketch of the several plans which have been submitted to Congress since the foundation of our government and after reviewing the whole subject As you request aided by the lights derived from the objection of its opponents i am satisfied that the organization pro paid so far from being tyrannical and oppressive in its details would prove less onerous than that now in existence. It is True the objections of its opponent have not afforded me much Aid in considering the subject for they apply almost exclusively As before remarked to the existing system. They impute to me All that May appear defective in the present organization under the militia Law of 1792, and in order that this glaring attempt to deceive the people May be fully understood i respect filly suggest that the act itself May be published. That a Man who like or. Van Buren has throughout his whole political career placed his sole Reliance upon the virtue intelligence and Independence of people should seek to enrol a select body of militia under the pretext of defending the country when threatened with War in order to or ixe a body of voters to favor his re election is too Imp Oln Able to require refutation and i May be permitted to say for myself that every act of a Long life to Pei in the service and devoted to the Baoec of Freedom forbids the conclusion that i would Ian Ift my fellow citizens by supposing them capable of being made the tools of any Man however exam a a station or character. I have the Honor to be. Dear sir very sincerely Yoor obedient sen rant j. R. Poinsett. Thoi Iab Rita bib esq., Serr Hary to tut 0rh trial democratic committee of Putinta Richmomd mobb Quot who Quot of Habbison Iba last wednesday s Michigan Gazette Bare it a piece of Blacki i a poetry written a a a Iris to by a certain Quot whig Quot los Flag lawyer in the we will Transfer one passage to oar to Laroza or fkr purpose of exposing the filthy Harritos Abii a jmj with which they try to defame of i Iii of crafts and democracy. Hera h a a a twas Crual of tha he acini a to publish those damned lir Adaa. To drive our Davao ratio bed a but tweak two area and on Tebei me Ivaa East Anak a Nimr they Laok Lika l1498 tit a .11. A Quot a a a i in we t i read tho Tobii mls Imp Al a

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