Page 2 of 16 Dec 1840 Issue of Terre Haute Wabash Enquirer in Terre-Haute, Indiana

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Terre Haute Wabash Enquirer (Newspaper) - December 16, 1840, Terre Haute, Indiana 1wp Wabash enquirer of Tiik in Durtt. cite dec.9, 184ff. Brat St Al by Hunt a Bav tia in Umont Cit Ltd i Milf for tic fret Lime in a condition to do Bubin Esfi. Tha 8a�t� Haa had re quorum until tia Moron if. The Awni Pittee to wait upon the president a now it in lbs disc bar of thut duty and a soon a a top mar acc in or live red Jna Ahall Buve a copy Deana Tab for the Benefit of your Reader it bin a mid about a Cilitia or parties. The item Are Osly a of Sard to exc an Itig Tbone civilities a hic would Cavm to be the a cult of Thi Verj to. Feeling. Yutt will have men by the paper hit a violent a Bow atom delayed Loany oreo Iscra Aad about a third Are yet Fobe Fth. truly. Of president ulem a cd a tilt Cuianu of the by Nat. And Homm of reprt$tntaii9et i 0�r devout Rry Titue a due to the up Cine being Lor Bev iof Mccowly continued id Oor beloved coun Irr through the victim Studee of a a nth or year tie in Ealo Able Bleet mrs of sheikh. Plenty my Pence. So lion by this favored land been Fogoen rally i exempt re from the Rar Agea of Dice arts. W the lab it in of Tbs a Haa Bandman More amply rewarded and Nev a by have our relations with other countries befit placed of a More favourable a than list Ali Iii so happily occupy at Thia critical id the affaire of the world. A Rii fid Nind Perfo Vemier abstinence from All interference wit i the it me tic and political relations of other Flat i. Alike jul to. The Veniua and distinctive Cluarn car Quot four ii Verti Uoder tic appropriation of the last Sest on of Congress an pm a been a eat to Geo Pauy a a Tita Rose of pro mating into Auto of liar to ii o Trade. I lie a Iii Lei i 11 apr i Atad Tisder Tow com Atiqi few of c pilii8 of ii tips of the lifted slap Hakim inel a pm i it of go a med Al we a into aunt Tat lug Tea papers in the Poa ocasion of Tbs go inh a int via King to Iii Omi claim Otma to the Tomud. The claim not embraced by that Cuil Mentton Are now tiie subject of Engom too Between the two govern Meata through the medium of our minister at Mexico. No Biag Lias arca rred to Dia Tirb Tbs hat Muny of our re ions Wuh the gift item Gorem ments of Sotito America. I regret however to a obliged to Intaro the claim of our Cit Icena upon the late rept Riblin of Columbia have not vet been satisfied by the separate gov Emmetta into which it has be a res Nvvf. Tea charged affix Reid of Brand having expressed the in Lention of Bis government not to a Naniong Tea treaty of 18ts, it will cease to be Oil Story upon either Jurty in the i9lh Day of do cent 164wien the in Enve come a a Arrial int Ascot a Tivao Tea u. State and list vast Empire Wii related by express Catipo lations. It a Albrda me please a to communicate to you that the government of Chili has entered Hito an ape ement to in it Damn Ify the claim Santa in the Case of the Avarado Tiiman for american property seized in 1619 and to Ald. That Tif formation in Ais it been received which justifies the Hope of an Early adjustment of tiie remaining claims upon that government. The cominis Mineni appointed in pursuance of the Ron. I Votion Between the United tintes and Texas Ajr Mark Vyp Poe a a within Oura Elvea am i a Raptor sea for every enter Epcy Fod of Tomsy be a trite sure the Loar citizens in Lin future ency. Will be uni slim to can at All events be no justification for thed lion of a permanent debt by the Federal govern rent. Its limited Range of constitutional duties May be nastily under such Circum Tarcen be perfumed without a Uch a resort. It has it seen been avoided during firm years of greater than have existed in a similar period since the adoption of the Constitution and one the a Clrrnce of extraordinary causes of expenditures. Bui to accomplish so desirable an object two things Are Indiere Sibic first that Tbs action a if the Federal government be kept within the a Iun dries prescribed by founders and. Secondly that ail 8>propriations for objects admitted to be . And the expenditure of aun. Be Kab i cited to a Standard of Rij Jid but Well Cossi copied and practical Economy. The Firis to left enids chiefly on the people themselves the opinions they fibrin of the free Coyiet curtion of the the con-6dpiice they repose in the political ii4ntiinents of to Lithe they i l kit their represent Ativo in the fed. A ral misture the second rent upon tiie Fidelity w Iii which their More repro a in Titi leg and other Public . I Char Roth a truite in the bound by Between then., have according to the a Quot Quot fitted to . The duty of eco Tomix nor Llu l.5reportrec.ividfromour.�mmi�ioner,,d a he Public service on All it Ublia hid the whole extent of the Boundary North i a a a a quote Lew a ejects umm Winch there i to u Widi r Ili Ference of opinion than in constant my la it it Vernm w Fth All the Means askm4w a no a a a a Ity i Ullh med for Lii def ice of the cantly. In time of peace a Bra the a Stern tank of the Sabine River. I Roth ent ram into the Gulf of Mexico to the 3sid degree of North latitude by in ii Frt Ted in regard to the Fidelity Ritli Wlinich. A Tyml duty if Difini Hirtred. Neither diversity of Soi Iti Ine it. Nor even Iii Utu Al upon a Point Iii respect to Winch the Public mind to Ertly sen Itlie can Werli be entirely avoided Nind least a to it pm ride of great Puli tical excitement. An Inlall g tit people however Seldom fail to arrive in the the Toimi Ivision adjourned on tie la of june last to re a site Isible Oil the in of nov Litber fur the Piir Pote of table flying accurately the Iii ter Calion of the �2d of Grey of latitude with the Western by Iii of the Sabine. And the Ine z Quot. A i u a -. Radian line thence to red River. It presumed that the Roen Rand to the principles by which directed in the present a on. A faithful Observance in the management of our i the present found condition of their Wiiiam and the. Foreign relations of the practice of duct Ith which Neard to at a Quot Quot a at Correct Concha runs in Coll a matter. Proc Deahrt Jaitly and requiring truth and just time in re Linies apparent y Leha a been overcome t Icil Economy in the Man gement of Public affair a turn the be a conservatives a of the pm Ace of a Are matter non Wirich the p it poll and government of ran ii huh no Adverse influence to contend with More Lions a strict impartial it in our mares taunts �1 the United 2>taf�sm in Well congratulate themselves an i a net Ful than a Dirge fur Pius Revenue and the a Friendship. In the commercial privileges we concede overflow aug tre Surv however it Muy be Ngar ded an i,.>�?zaiiv approx nation a 18 17 May without and to hts a we require from other Tricie. A com evidence of Public Prosperity i. conducive to the of the extraordinary Requist died by a disc onion prompt to maintain in eve a i the Publ c a ervice growing out of the Tate by emergency our own , we not torn Prin u . Our Indian , be. In no degree a Isle averse to the invasion of Trio get of Oleri have Foj. Reliance for Fiji Unciul a Fri Henry and Independence Quot Quot a a red to this source. The to Udden and Dis Given to our country and government a standing in on the contrary been found to con ii get in ample re Tributino of the Large purple then in the Treasury the great family of nations of which a a have Jill a our Reid with debt and. In this i and the eau Illy Midden and unprecedentedly severe care to be proud and the advantages of Quot a Liili ire Federal go Vernon it occupies a a Ingu Larl of a a a Lunate and revue Kim in the Commerce and business of i he coun truly enviable position. Try. Pointing with unerring certainty to a great and . N i entered upon the i Buirge of a Quot a official do Revenue strengthened ties in March the act for of Thakur. I. I. R plus Revenue a in a course of rapid execution. Nearly of the earliest practical reduction of Twenty right million of dollars of the Public moneys . Were in pursuance of provisions deposited with the to change a system operating upon so Large states in the months of january april and july of that a Turnice and applicable to puch numerous and of year. In May there occurred a general suspension of Spe ver in Iell interests and Oberti. Was More the in the Cie payments by the Banks including with very few sex work Day. The it Tunlin of every department existence the sources of bitter and to pleasant discord. If we add to this it editable tendency to and Forter extra agent a Pendi tuis of the. A to pm and my Burde Tif of the it ple and. Fully if we refer to the examples of every government which has existed for pro Ltd. How Seldom it that the system when once adopted and implanted in the policy of a country has failed to expand itself until Public credit was exhausted and the people were no longer Able to endure it increasing weight it seems Imose Ible to resist the conclusion that no Bone Fiu resulting front it career no extent of Conquest no accession of wealth to particular classes. Nor any nor All combined advantages can counterbalance ultimate but certain results a did government and an impoverished people. If a National Bank Vetn Ond Niame repudiated by the trainers of tho Constitution being in com Patish with the right of the states and the liberties of the a Engle if from tiie beginning it has been regarded by i Large pit rations of our citizens coming in direct Coho a a Chi with that great and vital Ainerd Merit of the co institution which declares that ail not conferred by tint in Trul Lent Ltd a the i tier Al government Are rpm Ervid to the states and to the people if it been viewed by the fir to great step in the March of Quot construction. Which unches Kod. Would Render the it sacred inc Ruinen of Little value an Uii written Constitution. Dependent it a it Giuld alone be for meaning on the inter i Ted interpretation of a dominant party and affording no Security to the i Glitis of tie minority if Uch undeniably the Cane Whit i Sionil Grouls could have been comic lived for a Bitici Patio air aught but Deti tining Opuni Titi to to it Ucil an institution at the present d by could a different result have been expected when the Ctm sequences which have flowed from ita creation. And particularly from struggles to perpetuate existence had confirmed in so honking a manner the apprehension of earliest Opp nuts when it had been so clearly demonstrated that concentrated that in the pecuniary conc Ems of individuals of unexaini>le4.exutnt and Ducal ii. Hare recently existed in tia a a other i Mai Ciai Bati Oitt undoubtedly tru to Tuppi a Tim Emry now to i race there Reijerse to the a it Pes. Would be a ret Section on the Irful Low citizens. Whatever May have been the obscurity in which the a i inject was involved during the earlier stages of the revulsion there cannot Imp b. Many by whom the whole question not fully in Der Tood. Not Deeni ing it within the constitutional Powers of the general government to repair private a Tai cd by reverses in business having no connexion with the Public serv ice either by direct appropriations finn the , or by special leg la ton design ii Tover ure exc Lucive privileges and immunities to individuals a or asses in preference to and at tote expense of. The great Ina i Ity necessarily Deb Jirred from any i Thorfin. No attempt to do h been either made recommended or in counted by the present executive. It believed however that tho great purpose for the attainment of which the Federal government was instituted hive not been hot sight of. In Truf Teil Only with certain Liun fed Jowers cautiously a num it rated. Distinctly defined with a precis icon and Riei Ness which would a Ielein to defy mis construction it Hae been my constant aim to confine myself within the so clearly marked ont. And so a carefully Jurii irked. Having always Brien of opinion that the be it preservative of the Union of the states to be found in a total Alistine nce fran the exercise of All doubtful Powers a it a Tjie p Ritof the Federal govern it it Tatlier than in Aitken tits to Simic Loose con it tru it Tion of the constitute i or an perversion of ita words 1 h Ive endeavoured to avoid Recomio ending Niy measure which i had reason to Apprel end in Lupin in n even of a consider Ible minority of my Felt in citizens be regarded Trenchi Iii on the Rigits of the states or the provisions of the Hill wed of our Union. Viewing the in Jere ate Powers of the Federal Roveri Mienl a Vul unitary Concession a concentrated Money Power wielding Ai vast i a of the states it seemed to me that Sulci Only Lould a capital and combining such incalculable Means be exercised a were at the time intended to be Given experienced by our citizens throughout every p to lion of the Earth to which their enterprising and adventurous spirit May carry Vliem. Few. If any remain insensible to the Valuo of our Friend Iii or ignorant of the terms on which it can be acquired and by which alone Itcan be preserved. A series of questions of Long standing difficult in their adjustment and important in their Conse of influence May in those Peculiar co Janc Tures to which this government Una void ably exposed prove an Over match for the political Power of the people themselves when the Tine character of capacity to regulate car wording to will and interests and the interests of favourites the value and production of the labor and property of every Man in this extended country liar a been so fully and fearfully developed when it was notorious that All classes of Liis great had by Means of the Power and influence it Tunis possesses been infected to made <8 with a spirit of heedless Piecul Ilion when it had been seen that secure in the Suji part of the coins nation of influences by which it. Was surrounded it could violate quenches. In which the rights of our citizens and the . That be in which the Public moneys were Deposit a of the Jovern Merit was immediately and in Good a. Honor of the Cumry were deeply involved have in cd and upon who Fidelity the government had to that end and has been so Contin charter and set the liw sat Defiance with Iii unit -.-. Can Sec Trail Rpp a a images and and Hen too u had become most apparent the to to the Public service. This suspension and the Wessex Quot up rations for the year Isis. The first Over i believe that such accumulation of Powers can Ever in banking and Commerce out of Whiteb it , and a hich i loud any control were somewhat Dimin be granted without the certainty of being abused which were greatly sir Aviti d fat a occurrence made lied. Tie expenditures of 18.9 were reduced six was to Indus Joe in a fatal delusion to Agrest extent unav Aible the principal part of the pub millions of Dollah. Those of 1840. Exclusive of the Lic Noney then on hand suspended the Olle Tiou of a disbursements for Public debt and Trust claims by accruing on the merchants Bonds and great Rob ably exceed Twenty two and a half million Cen two and three millions less than tha course of a few years tie most of Thein Dun ii the successful administration of my predecessor been brought to a satisfactory conc Lumuir and the most important of those Rem ii thing Are. 1 am Happy to believe in a fair Way of being speedily and satisfactorily adjusted. With All the Powers of the world our relations Are those of honorable peace. Since your . A a a Quot cd the Revenue arising from. Stom and the pub cd to interrupt or threaten he Effe. To have continued to operate Uva ,.nous decrees to the present period and m addition to to it i rothing serious has occurred to avoid the necessity of a permanent debt and inevitable consequences. I have advocated and endeavoured to carry into effect the policy of conf icing tie appropriations for the Public service to Sulci Oli this desirable Harmony. If Clouds have lowered a no decrease ii. The Revinue thus produced two and a half h Oie of 187. Nor has it been found preceding Ltd year and 9 or 10 millions a a cts Only Are clearly within the constitutional Bove the other hemisphere they have not cast their n,iiii�?zn8 of duties have been relinquished by two biennial necessary in order to produce this result to resort portentous shadows upon our Happy shores. Bound reductions under the act of 1833. And probably much to the Power conferred by Congress of postponing by no entangling alliances yet linked by a Cummon More upon the importation of Iron for railroads by special Cut rain classes of the Public works except by denature and interest with Ltd Lher nations of Mankind legislation. Ferring expenditures for a Short i it period upon a Lii Iii tur aspirations Are for the preservation of peace whose solid and civilizing Triu Miehs All May Partick years Gisia Uii. A erring expend inures Lor a snort i it Erio i upon a Iii Iii whilst such has Hern our condition last four Elt a portico of and which postponement ter a. In relation to a mated . Time since at tho moment the trea authority of the Federal Over Ninon of excluding from Chi lenses those improvident and unauthorized Grants of Public Money for of internal in Jiro Venont. We Iii were so w a sely arrested by the constitutional interposition of my predecessor and which if they had not so Check Al. Would Long before this to Iii have involved the fint inces of the Pate with a generous emulation. Yet it behoves be Orriiv gtd inc Ftp nent by further receipts from the in general government in embarrassments far greater to be prepared for any event and to be always a transactions and which could not be immediate do a debated Banks became fully assured of ability to 1 than those which Are now experienced by any of the a a a. A i. .11 of limiting All our expenditures to that Sim ple. A ostentatious and econ inic in Arnii Eistrat ready to maintain those just and enlightened Prin rested without great pc Yudico to the Public interest Caples of a tonal Intercourse for which this gov her. The a Barge upon the Treasury in i i invt been strength i Ned too. In the propriety of this course by the conviction thit All it to go beyond this tend Only to produce dissatisfaction and dip Trust. To excite. Loii . Find to provoke rest Ance. of wild my strength to the Federal , even when such . Uliey Ever prove a source of incurable Wiki less by Ilien Itin it a portion of those whose adhesion Indessi Misbah to the great aggregate of United so Rengli. Ami whose voluntary attachment . In my Testim Iti ii. Far More essential to the efficiency of a Yiove Vinnent Strong a in the Best of All possible Strenio lha the Confidence and Alta Clinent of All those who make up constituent elements. Thus believing it has been my purpose to secure to the whole people and to every member of Lii it confederacy by Joe izeral. Salutary and equal Al uie till Benefit of those Republican Wlinich it the end and aim of the Constitution to . And the ii partial influence of which in my a lament. Indispensable to Timeir . 1 cannot Brin i myself to believe that the last ing of the people the Prosperity of the states or the Penn Ine icy of their Union can be obtained by giving preference or priority to any class of citizens in the distribution of benefits or privileges or by the Adit lion of measures which enrich one portion of the Union at the expense of another nor can i see in the interference of tiie fed r in govern Orient with the Loc in l Igi Slation and rese veil rights of the slates a remedy for , or u Secu Rity against future d ingers. The first and assuredly not the least important step towards relieve Iii the country from the condition into which it had been Iluigi died by Iii of meet without prejudice to the Public service Barge upon the Treasury in of in other respects. Causes Are in operation which. Erna Cut has Ever contended. In the Shock of con the Cherokee treaty alone without adverting to others will it believed. Just tiny a still further reduction of Public affairs which alone consistent with the Trade h inking and credits of All kinds was to i Ici tending empires it Only by assuming a Resolute arising out of Indian treaties has exceeded five without injury to any important National . Character of our institutions of collecting Annu Illy the by iness of the itself bearing and clothing themselves with defensive a millions of dollars that for the prom coition of Meas ires Llie exp Elifes of 6u>taininir the Prikios Emi loved in from the customs und the sales of put Ilic Daha a been gradually and greatly reduced. Mor. That Neutral nations can maintain their Lude y a he removal of the Seminole indians which were. Found in pro Ress. Has been nearly fourteen millions and Ign a a a it pendent a the Public la sidings have required the unusual a of i Romigh t he per eve Rimpfl Orts of the w a depart the excitement which Crew out of the territorial a a aria Tiree millions. Intent and a reasonable Hope May be controversy Between the United states and great it affords Rne. pleasure to be Able to say be Necess to for military operations in that Britain having in a great measure subsided. It that from the of this period to the present Quarter will soon cease. The it i Oval of the Indi hoped that a favourable period a approaching for Day every demand a it on Ilie governing Cut at Home or uns i rom Wii Liin our settled Borders mine irly Coin final settlement. Both governments must now be abroad has been promptly met. This has been done not convinced of the dangers with which the question Only with out creating a permanent debt or a resort Toad fraught and it must be their desire it their Dit Ionni taxation in any Forni but in the midst of a Stead this per Tual cause of irritation should Ujj jux org re a and a a a a a be removed speedily practicable. A my a to a Treasury it the end of the annual message you were informed trial tie of treason re notes not exceed sit Ion for a commission of exploration and ii Uvey no for and a Fialo millions of dollars Siili a a a standing. Promised by great Britain had been received and and less by Twenty thre millions than the u. A a tates have that a counter per Jet including also a provision fur in Deposit with tie states comprised of such Only the certain and final of the limits in Dis a re not yet due. Or have not been presented for payment Pute was then before the British Gover Meiu for they May he redeem d out of the acc ring Revenue if land n a solid basis giving and receive Nair in All c uses Revenue fully adequate to defray All the exp rises value for value neither nor in thus incurred hut under no pretence what a ver. To your aging i i the it Delu Ive system of credits impose taxes upon the get it Isle to a greater am unt from who Cir it a ii of. A Tiffi ult Losi i Etc. Than was actually necessary to tie Public service and which left nothing behind it but tin wreck conducted upon the principles i have St Teil. I that Mark fit in a Riff. That tie Financil affairs of the govern Nunt Are in lieu of a a tonal Hank or a dependence upon plated. The Pei Mon list one of the heaviest charge i Banks of any description for the Inina Guient of a it or now. And h Ive been Dunt the a Vonde penal be upon the Treasury rapidly diminishing by fiscal affairs i recommend the adoption of the sys wide spreading diff ii ullies conducted with a strict death. The most co try of our Public buildings Are to Quot which now in successful operation. Tint. invariable regard to this Gre it find mental either finished or m orly a Quot and we May i think. System affords every exquisite facility for the Traus principle Ami that by the Assur tiption and m in Teri safely Promise ourselves a continued exemption action of the pecuniary com erns of tie governing edit auce of the a no thus take on tie Verv of from Border diff. Ullies. J will it confidently Antici aled produce ii other the approaching crisis More than by any other respects Many of the benefits which have been tvo Iii or causes whatever the c at larg time to time expected from the creation of a nation ,.s been shielded from the inc Licul Itile evils of a Al Bank but which have never been realized avoid general and Imp finite suspension a specie payments the m in fold evils inseparable from such an Iii Titi i and a Zimbi Tiomi. Fir the whole period it Tion Dini Inisi to a greater extent than could be a a night h Ive i tried of a just Nind invariable ird tiie available balance in tho Treasury on the Tirl of Jai Mmry next estimated atone million and a half of Killars. This sum. With the expected receipts from All source during the next year will 11 believed be to enable tho Jovern . The answer of that government. A Quot a leave a suit comp listed by any other me i sure of Reform Tylij Pat and value will it belie Ved at Titis period scarcely Pii lie interest and the re to it a shall or no Iii a a it a i. A. .1. .1 _ a. A .1.,. I i w was received through ita minister Here since your a a a a a a i Ipa Ted .1r lord 111., ii i -. Thought. Lee kept without prejudice to to it i i i. I a accompanied by additional propositions of own a a a in. A unrest and the Revenue shall prove to he Large Treasury at the end of the year. Ron age of the i i Wise policy in it Ince your m a May justly be anticipated. If t he remedial Ine Amires connected with the cd Louis Ali governments but More Essie i Illy so in one like they May it i. A a a or. I ------r.i. In. 1.1 #2. I a pm stoned. A Teddy adherence in the part of the govern separation. Toliese were promptly considered such Anning tie Rifle Ciao from the said tie i Niblic , heretofore shall a ours which works Well Only in proportion Asil pm ment to tiie a nil icy Wirich Iris Siroi Lucid such salutary were deemed Correct in principle and constr tent of these . One. Not the least Gratifying. the be adopted and the new approx Kiriat ions by con made no rely for support upon the de and in Resuh, Ardeil by judicious state legislation and. With a due regard to the just rights of the United consci.insne.-<8 that the government had the Resolution and Gress shall not carry the expenditures beyond the adultery Teil Opi in of constituents do away what not less important by tie Industry enter state and the state of Maine concurred in and the ability to adhere in a Erv emergency to the sacred injates. J forever All Dewien device on corp minute bodies either prise , and Economy of the Quot the reasons for dissenting from the residue will an Ohli Gatins of Law to execute All con a to occur Diimig i i. By vein established by Congress for the 1 in raising collecting Safe keeping or disbursing the people c in idiot f Oil to the who. Entry at in additional Sugges Tiozon our part communicated by a it �i&Quot/7�? a Eede d a Quot a Quot try a poem use t Quot i hic Money pre Crl Bellg the revenues and place the government equally Thuve Ray period to a state of sol d and in luring pros the of Creary of state to or. Fox. That minister of a Ole country night be bark kind of currency to he received Lor the Pii Zilic Rove uie temptation off it i tearing a and i ice a purity. Not to be again overthrown by the not feeling himself instructed upon some game and in varying standards a result vitally important Nice and Pio. Ii Hng addition in guards and ecurltle8con-t.tutional institution at Home or the necessity a ii pension of Hanks or the of a of the Points raised in the discussion. Of Uil to be Well to the into re St to tie morals of the people. There a a Aigist .-, now several Ino Gitlis in Ojie of adapting to the views and Iii frosts of a credit system. It for the Jie Ople and their repro Bis duty to refer the matter to his own Gorp rement can surely now be no difference of opinion in regard to Iho ration. Ahkii Hiigli it unt it be premature upon an i St ii More formidable Money Power Aero id. Sent Alives. To decide whether or not tie Perman it for further decision. Having now been for some incalculable evils would have Arit ten if the govern experience of such limited duration to form 11 it by adopting and carrying out these Princi welfare of the county which All Good citizens equal time under advisement a speedy answer May be ment. At that critical suffered Luelf to be de the opinion in regard to the extent of influence 1 pies under circa Enstam arduous and Dis by desire however widely they May differ to the confidently expected. From the character of Quot the termed from upholding the Only True Sti Ridard of value i in correcting Many evils under which the fed enl courage Iii. That the attempt Fia been made thus a Loans of Mccoin Lishin Nih ill be in this Way Point still in difference. And the undoubted Dispo. A a be of Unnes do Nuil i government and the have hitherto Suff Jred. For successfully to Demon irate to the people of the secured or whether the my gement of the Pec Iii sit Ion of by it the parties to bring the matter to an Early people sustained the performance of this duty was especially Thoie trial have out of the banking United state that a National Bank at All tunes and Ary concerns of fahd con a hence conclusion i look with entire Confidence to a prompt Highl honorable to their Forti inde and Patriot it a. It a a pan Siiman. A de it recited currency and official Duj a nation in debt except it be incurred at a period to a extent those of individuals also i san lube and satisfactory termination of the no Goliat 1011. Cannot fail to Stim Nonte their agents to adhere under All tile it Lon yet it but Rig lit to say that nothing Baa when the Honor and safety of tie nation demand the carried Bick to a condition of things which fostered three commissioner were appointed shortly Al Ier circumstances to the line of duty and to satisfy of oct Urr a in the practical of the system to temporary sacrifice of a policy which should Only those contractions and expulsions of the currency the adjournment of Congress under the act of Llie Llu a a Fety with which a course really right and demand a Eakin in tie slightest degree but mud. To strength last session providing for the exp Inion and sur Quot financial crisis May in a comi Unity like a ours., anticipations of friends. I he vey of the line which i separates the states of mame p quota Quot Quot a Diate of. ,Ron., of Ilie a h Ive been heretofore so fully exp lined to req it fire no Roca it elation. In respect to the facility and convenience it affords in conducting the Public service and the ability Ltd of the nov Ern ment to discharge through Agency every duty attendant on the collection Transfer and disburse i tent of the Public Money with promptitude and and new Hampshire from the British Provin Les they have been act vely employed until their Progress was interrupted by the i clemency of the season and will resume their labors soon practicable in the ensuing year. It in understood that their tendency be pursued however apparently severe immediate operation. The policy of the Federal government in extinguishing a rapidly it possible the Imti onal debt and shift be i gently in resisting every temp ution Torr ate a new one Othir ves to be regarded in the same favourable Light. Among that Many utile Eions to a National debt the certain be band i died in Sticki Exi it it ocies Are not merely and those Reck abuses of credit from the bile tul unnecessary but in direct and deadly hostility to the eff it cts of which the country h so deeply suffered principles of their intern Merit and to their Perina a return that can Promise in the end Rio better re nent welfare. Suits than to re produce the embarrassments the the Progress made in the development of these government h experienced and to remove Fri it a positions Apie in the preceding sketch of the the shoulders of the present to the tse of fresh , past history and state of tho financial con the bitter fruits of that Spint of speculative enter Sei unities to concentrate Ultima Elv in will throw new Light upon the subject in Controvert offers of foreign Tukik holders one which every Success i by and serve to remove any erroneous which May have to it pen made the rights of the United states or reasons with a View rants which in our Peculiar a a impede and complicate negotiations involving the of the who Lnu. States. The pretext which this relation Security. A few changes and in thie territorial rights of a state that i thought it my Quot of do to foreigners to scrutinize the manager sent of our details of the system without any Princi Doiy you have been informed i a previous Occa i Domestic affairs if not actually to inter meddle Wanh Vliem involved in in. Will be Subiti fitted to you by the . To propos. To the British government Trou a i pm Trul a Quot it or Erin i i a a am . In Bikini Stern at Warbington that Early step it. Should err Mion fan buntion entered into in behalf of the i a Quot Quot Ihu attention to which i they May in Cerns if the Federal government. The facts there stated fully authorize the assertion that All the purposes for which this governing edit was Institute d have be take to adjust the Points of difference on the line of Boundary from the Entrance of Lake Superior to the most Northwestern Point of the Lake of the Woods by the arbitration of a Friendly Power in conformity with the seventh article of the treaty of Ghent. No answer Haa yet been returned by the Brit Iafa government to Tki proposition. With aah trip France frug a in Kasai. And the the exception of an of Bugalion eni Erea into m let Etall of the. District of Colombia which must soon be discharged examine Ilion. Lie found to be ii filled. Wholly exempt from a by such embarrassment it also 1 Bave deemed this Brief Sumi Nury of our fiscal believe gtd the Only govern mint Wirich having fully a a i necessary to the due Dierf Oriance of a duty and faithfully paid All in Cre Litora has also relieved i Leif entirely from debt. To maintain a distinction so desirable and so Bono Rable to our National character should be an object of Earnest solicitude. Never should a free people in it be possible to avoid it exp it in a themselves to he necessity of having to treat of the peace the Honor or the remaining Power of Europe i am Happy to inform Octy of the Republic with tie governments of foreign Yoo our relations Cut Stinoe to be of the most Friendly i creditors who however Well disposed they May be to character. With Belgium a treaty of Comro Ercy cultivate with in general frendly relations Are never a of navigation based upon Liberal principles of re Tubeless by tho Law of their own condition made hostile to Cip Rocity and Equality was concluded in March a he Sucee and permanency of polio Eal institutions like last and having been ratified by the belgian gov Buasi listing maj be the embarrassments Eon eminent will be duly Laid before the f9enate. It a subject of congratulation that it provides for the Aati factory adjust nent of a Long standing question of Eoa Traveray tabs removing the Only of Baccale a Biclie com Obj met the Friendly and mutually add thu Genoa a Tere Asru a be Tareen the two nation. A my a mgr a has been despatched Vita the Hano Meriea treat to Berlin where according to Are to be exchanged. Lam Lap if to Mno Unee to you that after Many delays and Dicel tie a a treaty of Commerce and Taviga lion Between the United state and Portugal was to signed at Lisbon in the 96th of a a flt by the of the two governments. It a tidal Atienz arc founded Apon Tbone in i Neilee Erm Taal liberality m4 Ady anlage which the United states Hare always a of Oft to make the bears of tie i r inter sure with foreign Powers cad in of a hoped they will lend to for ter and a tree Gyben the of the two Cou . Nuent no it a Inch a condition. Another Olin ution Alarce Esa formidable to the commencement of a now debt inevitable tendency to India pase in magnitude and to Foater National Exira Vaganek. He Haa be in in unprofitable Eba Errer of events who leads at this Day to by admonished of the difficulties with a bib a government Babito ally dependent on Loans to sustain Ordinary expenditure has to encounter in resisting the influences Mist Nativ exerted in favor of additional Loans by Yapi Uiliata who Enireb aliens Elvce by gave Nunt securities for amount much exceed Iii tie Iii it Mey Uliey aerially and Tanee a prolific Aoi Irce of individual in Oil borrowing countries stockholders who week their gains in the Rise and fail of Public Stork and by the selfish import unities of applied Nita a a Amro nations for works avowedly for the of the pause but Tea real Owenu of which Are. Too frequently Tea advancement of i mate interest. The known Nece Asito which to Many Oft a state will a Snder to i Pom taxes for 1 hot pay Mentor tha int Reaton their an additional and Mem it Lii i a Boom Reft a Craaig a National Dit a which Tea people would be exposed to doubt taxation for a similar old especially enjoined n me by the Constitution. It will serve also to illustrate More fully the principles by which i have been guided in deference to two contested Points in our Public policy which were Ernest in their Divelo a ement and have been More important in their consequences than any Tea trave Ariaen under our complicated and difficult yet admirable system of government i allude to a National debt and a National Bank. It was in these that the contests by which the country has been Ngi tinted Ever since the adoption of tho Constitution in a great measure originated and there to it i much reason to apprehend Liat tie conflicting interests and opposing principles thu marshalled will continue heretofore to produce similar a if not aggravated consequence. Coming into office the declared enemy of both i have earnestly endeavoured t9 prevent a report to either. The con iteration that a Large Public debt Al Brda an apology and produces in Home degree Neon a a Ity also Fiir resorting to a a Ytem and extent of taxes which a not Only Oppre site throughout but like it Wise so Apt to Lead in the end to the coma ii a Ioa Tif that most odious of All of Bencea against the Prin it Tiplea of re Pablian Jug Hemment ii the Pareti Tikoo of political Power conf tried for the general Benefit to the of particular Claa Aea Ami the Gratis location in a me a Al Ciesol of the weighty of Tom w6iob have already been urged to fender ita creation and prise to which our Are so Liah land upon which tiie of experience Are so unavailing. The Choice an in port Iii one and 1 sincerely Hope that it May be made. A report from the Secretary of War presenting a detailed View of the affairs of the it Deji Arment. Accompanies this . Tie desultory duties connected with the removal that this has been done when the Ordinary revenues of the indians in which the army has been cont it of the government were generally decreasing a engaged on the ind Western frontiers the Baurder of in in agent. Gen. I Bof Ahmoo and if Are a a a Quot of fuel treachery. When this alarming end a of Poe Teil intelligence readied the seat of Goveia ii it up every Effort apis ears to liitle been made to re inline general Clinch who commanded the troop Itin �41 Florida. General let ustis w. despatched with from Charleston Triin a were cabled out from lab Ima be m see and Georgia and get eral Quot Cott was sent to t the the comm ibid with in pie Power and ample Means. At the first Alarid general a Aines organized a fierce at new or Leium and. Without f or orders landed in Florida where he delivered Over the Troupa be had brought with him to Gen. Scott. Governor Cill a subsequently api it pointed to Coja do t a summer Campaign and to the close of it. Was replica by Ian ral Jessnik to tse events ind changes took place under the Adin instr Ilion of my predecessor. the exertions of the experienced officers who Hul coun guided there fir i it in non los in entering upon the administration of the government i Tou Iid tho territory of Quot Florida a prey to Indian Tanh cities. \ Streur in Effort was immediately male to bring these hostilities to a i lost and the Umlor general lesson. Waa reinforced until it amounted to ten thousand men and furnished with abundant supplies of every description. Ill this Campaign a great Iii Liber of the enemy were captured and destroyed but tha Cofia racer of the contest Only was changed. Tiie indians having been Defeated in every engage Inonu dispersed in Sill ill band throw shout a i country and became an a enterprising. I innit a Bie. And ruthless Banditt. Gen. Taylor who succeeded general Hinbest Exi it ions to subdue and was seconded in his efforts by the officers under his coi Unland but he Loo. Failed to protect the territory from their Depre a it ions. By an act of signal and cruel treachery broke the tru e made with by general a icon i. Who wa sent from for the Lur Jiose of carrying into Effi it the exp Issod wishes of ci.n�rre.. And hive choir devastation Ever since. General Zrini Tead who was in Florida when general Taylor left the army by Penni�ion, assumed a he Contin ind. And after Active summer opperatioii.-, was met by propositions for peace a id. From the fort Miinte of the arrival in Florid i. At the same period of a Derti nation Voin the she moles who Are happily settled wet of the Vlis Sissini ii and anxious to persuade their countrymen Toj in there Hopes were fir some time entertained tint the indians night be induced to leave the without Furt Lier . These h Pes h Ive prove tall vicious. And have Hen renewed the a Nile of the territory. That tins contest h ise led sgt. Long to be attributed to cau.- Ilie Contil of the government Gener i ave Ltd tie command of the troops offi hers Ami soldiers h Ivo alike Distin Fruish de for their activity patience and enduring coir Ige the army has been constantly furnished with Supples of every and we must look for the causes which have so Long Pocras limited tho Issue of the contest in the a it extent of the theatre of , the almost insurmountable obstacle presented by the nature of country the climate and the wily can racer of the Savage. The sires for Marine hospitals on the Rivers and 1 ikes. Which 1 Vav i authorized to select and cause to be i Macli ised i Ive All been Desi a Arteil but. The appropriation not proving suls a enl conditional a Only have nude for their acquisition. It Iii c a tigress to decide whether those condition in in Racli a a Lull be sanctioned and the Isle Lions of the Law be carried into full it Lect. The Navy a it it will appear from the rep it of Iii Secretary has been usefully and Iionno Raily employed m the Protection of our com Nirce and in the Mediterranean the Pacific on till Cost i it of Brazil and in Ali a Gulf of Al Xii a. \ so til so. Idron pm Sisline of the Frig ale c ill toll it no and these i a of w in , under Kearney now on Way to the a Liivia and Linin 111 seas for the Purpo a of attending to it i our interests in that Quarter and commander Vulick in the Sloop of War Yorktown has been in Siri iced the sii Milwich and society islands the costs of new Zalame and Luin. Together with other shirts and isl ii frequented by our whale , fir the purpose of giving countenance Ami Protection should Tiey be required. Other Iii Iller Vii Sels h a been and till Are employed in prose cumin the surveys of the Quot Cost of the United states directed by v Irion a nets of Congress and ill in a a Titch h Ive been completed will Rholly be i lid h my. The sex Lonnie expedit Ion. At the i Date was preparing to leave the by of i sleds new zealand in further prosecution of Buji cts which h Ive thus far been successfully accomplished. The discovery of i Crew continent which w fir St Semi in 1 Elitude 68 Deg. 2 Mill South him Fitzi Lel >4 Dot g. 27 a East and Aller in latitude i8 Deg. 31 South on it Rit Ude Deg. 40 Niin. East by lieutenant Wilkes ind Hudson for an extent of eighteen Hundred Miles but on which they were prevented from Landing by vast of ice w Rich encompass Eil it nne of the honorable results of the enter Prim. Lieutenant bears testimony to the Zeal and a timid conduct of his officers and Iii a and it but to the it officer to state that hot appears to have performed tin duties assigned him with an ardor ability and Iier Severance which give every Assurance fan honorable i Suo to the . The report of the Pojta ister general herewith Trixi omitted will exhibit the service of the depart mgt it the last year and present condition. Tho transportation has been maintained during the year to the full extent authorized by the existing Laws some improvements have been effected which the Public interest seemed urgently to demand but not involving any material additional expenditure the pm tractors i if Pitr Forine their engagements with Fidelity the lost masters with few exceptions. Have rendered their accounts and paid their quarterly balances with promptitude and the whole service of the has maintained the efficiency fur which it has for several years been Dilt tingo shr it. The acts of Congress establishing new mail mate and requiring More expend Ive service on other and the in Reising wants of the country have. I r three years p carried the expenditures something the accruing revenues a sex cams having the surplus which Well from the operation of the Laws the condition of the country without the creation of a Vienna and Florida have rendered it impracticable to carry into full effect the pm in recommended by the Secre irent Public debt or incurring any liability other a tiry by improving discipline. In every instance than Aitch the Ordinary Reao urics of the government Wil speedily discharge and without the Agency of a National Bank. If this View of the proceedings of the government for the period it embrace be warranted by the fact a they Are known to exist if the army and Navy have Bisen a Usta nod to the full extent authorized by Law and Congress deemed sufficient of tit the defence of the country and the Protection of rights and Honor if civil and diplomatic service has been equally sustained if ample provision has been made for the administration of Justice and the execution of the Laws if tie claims upon Public gratitude in behalf of the soldiers of the revolution have been promptly met and faithfully discharged if there have been no Fai Hircy to defraying the very Large expenditures growing out of that lung continued and salutary policy of peacefully removing the Indiana tor Giona of comparative safety Ai Prosperity if the Public Faith has at All time and every where been must a scrupulous in maintained by to prompt discharge of the nut Nereus extended and diversified claim on the Trpo a try a if All Titae great and permanent object with Many others that might to stated have fur a aerie of year marked by Peculiar Obj Taclet and bees a a secs Evtihy Coon Iplie hed without a resort to Pernia Nev debt or thaid of a National Bank wive we Aota right to expect that a Pohey the Oli Frt w a bib has been to a Tain the Public service ind pendent or of either the a Fritt Tutu a qary a a of 4ie-� a do Wiki receive the Inal a a Ion of a people a from Abiu Yeii end of Kirby elicit Jed gnat Poa pm tire Shikira in Nefer wrong 1 he surplus having where the regiments have been concentrated they have made great Progress and the Best results May be anticipated Voin a continuance of this system. During the last season a part of the troops have been Emp Yed in removing Indiana of pm the Interior to the territory assigned in the Westr a duty which they have it error ipod efficiently and with praiseworthy humanity and that portion of which Haa been stationed in Florida continued Active operations there throughout the heats of summer. The policy of the United states in regard to the indians of which an ancient account Given in my message of 1816. And of the Tiadora and exile Fiance of which 1 am fully satisfied has been i minued in Active operation throughout trip whole period of my administration. 8inae the Spring of More than forty thousand indians have bin rein Ovea to their new Voinea West of the Mississippi and i am ppr to add that All accounts concur in representing tie result of this measure a eminently beneficial to that people. The emigration of the Seminole alow a Haa been attended with serious difficulty a and one omd booed shed hostilities having beg comm Eileed by to a indians in Florida ii or the unit their would be competed. In ree. To can Pluf to la treaty Stipe latious. The Weizi Iliof of to i tre Lar of Payne a Landing so ghz a in if tit. But not Ntim in. Til 1834, was it Imp Imd it the �i�ti�it�tfmtwt�oiv1ii. Dra Tutti 1839. Okimi to hts a of min to Init a Tbs la agreement to remove pome ably uni let mtg Tommy in Tim Ami. In 4b� Ham of Imp solemn comot talk a of boffo Ltd choir of Bali. In pm twi my Tali tip of of Tom a a my eco of a inn a a Mambo been met. Until the Pust year by had a a Tevi kill Accini insulated. T been Elhiu cd. And the anticipated increase in tie Revenue not having been realized to the depression in the commercial business of the country the finances of the department exhibit a Small do i Nency at the Lerose of the last fiscal year. Its reoiirces, . Aro ample and the reduced rates of compensation fur the transportation service which May be expected on the future letting from the general reduction of prices with the increase of Revenue that May Reavon Absy be anticipated from the revival of con Mereial activity must soon place the finance of the department in a prosperous condition. Considering the unfavourable circumstances which have existed during the past year it a a notifying result that the Revenue has riot declined a compared with the preceding year but on the contrary exhibits a Small increase the Circum Tancos refer Stod to having had no other effect than to Check the exit acted inc no. It will be seen that the Postma Aier general Sog sets certain improvements in the establishment signed to Redeo the weight of the mails cheapen tie transp Rution Ensom free to a regularity in tho so a View and Sodearo a considerable redact too in tho rates it a Mer ii Siapen an a a Lect i Golf Dosi Rabko. The subject on Al pm moral interest to the Eom Munith and respectfully recommended to your consideration. This in Ibi Oft a ainu Rio an Fulvo try do he Reefy Iho ennui need attention of the . The of Laos it Mph p and Schooner ramp of Emple Dohig the last a of sri on the a a it of at ill jul amp a ibo a fomenting Seeh per tons of Laii Radzat Witt Eom to to prose noted Tindor Foo at Peetom Itow it allow Genii a Luff of Lioio a in tho Lloa Tov Tottem Miro we i ippol up pm a win a a a fit a a

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