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View Sample Pages : Sun And Central Press, October 23, 1871

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Sun And Central Press (Newspaper) - October 23, 1871, London, Middlesex No. 24.759. LONDON, MONDAY, OCTOBER 23, 1871. PAGE 2, A Newspaper for Newspaper Proprietors. Registered at the General Post Office as a Newspaper. THE CHICAGO FIRE. The arrival of the Inman royal mail steamer, City of New York, from New York, on the 12th instant, brings further news from Chicago. The New York Tribune of that date publishes a letter from its Chicago correspondent on the 11th, in which he says :- " The fire is completely subdued, and has not spread since noon yesterday. In the burnt district, about nine square miles, everything is a mass of ruins, though the bank vaults are believed to be in good order. The city Is practically under martial law, for the streets were patrolled all night by squads of soldiers and citizens. All the members of the Fire and Health Departments act as special police. Many thieves, burglars, and incendiaries were arrested, and they were generally disposed of in a summary manner. It is rumoured that forty-one ruffians were shot during the night. The station-house was also filled with prisoners. The Mayor has issued a proclamation warning all persons against the commission of any act tending. to endanger property, and says that with the help of God and General Sheridan he will preserve order at all hazards. The destruction of the waterworks was complete, and yesterday water had to be hauled by teams from Lake Michigan* a distance of from three to four miles. To-day, however, water was let into the pipes in the south division, and now all the populated portions of the city are supplied with it. A great deal of suffering had occurred among the people, who were obliged to camp out on the prairie since Monday night. Quite a number of deaths have resulted from exposure. General Sheridan issued 800 tents last evening, and 10,000 more will be issued to-morrow. The Relief Committee has impressed all kinds of vehicles to carry water and provisions to the starving people, and are bringing them into the churches and schoolhouses on the west and south sides. Immense quantities of provisions have arrived, many carloads being cooked and ready for distribution. The committee have telegraphed to several places to stop sending more at present. Twenty carloads of provisions and 10,000 blankets came from Cincinnati, and 20,000 came from St. Louis. The Common Council has passed an ordinance fixing the price of bread at four cents for a loaf of 12oz., and fixing a penalty of ten dollars for a violation of thiB ordinance. All the railroads leading out of Chicago are conveying free of charge such of the homeless as have friends in other places. The Relief Committee for Cincinnati are putting the munificent contributions of that city into a shape which will not only prove of great practical benefit to the sufferers, but will make the assistance rendered permanent for the winter. They are erecting an immense soup house, complete in all details, at the rear of the freight dep6t of the Great Eastern Railroad, in the vicinity of West-side. By to-morrow they will be ready to distribute 6,000 gallons of soup daily. Shanties are building upon open lots in convenient localities, and will be made as comfortable as possible for temporary occupancy. About 500 people escaped on a barge, which fortunately lay on the slips in the river. They floated out and down to a pier, whence a steamer towed them out in the lake, where they remained until yesterday. ^ The Cook County National Bank resumed business this morning at No. 68, Wabash-avenue, all the funds and papers of value of the bank being saved. There Is great strife to obtain rooms and stores for the resumption of business. E. A. Ireton, adjuster of the Phoenix Insurance Company, expressed the opinion that the conflagration was promoted and aggravated, though not originated, by incendiarism. He saw flames burst from a building in one instance several blocks from the fire, the flames apparently coming from the inside. The total loss he estimates at 0200,000,000." A later despatch from Chicago says:-"The financial prospect is hourly brightening. The Republican Insurance Company of this city expects to pay every dollar of its risks. This is an extremely gratifying fact, as it gives assurance that our own companies may be in abetter condition than was at first anticipated." The Transcript says that the insurance companies of Boston, and especially those having agencies in Chicago, have suffered severely by the great fire. These are four in number-the National, the New England, the Hide and Leather, and the Independent. The despatch from the agent of the first-named, received this morning, announces the losses to be 500,000 dole. The officers of the New England Company voted this morning to suspend business for the present. The Hide and Leather Company has also stopped Business. The Independent office advises its patrons to cancel their policies and re-insure, pending reports from their Chicago agency. Several other Boston offices are reported severely crippled, but we have not learned ol further suspensions. The National Insurance Company of Boston will pay all their losses at maturity. Other accounts from the city on the 11th say that a great deal of suffering has occurred among the people since Monday night, who were obliged to camp out on the prairie. Quite a number of deaths have resulted from exposure. The Relief Committee has impressed all kinds of vehicles to carry water and provisions to them, and are bringing them into the churches and schoolhouses on the .west and south sides. Immense quantities of provisions have arrived, many carloads being cooked and ready for distribution. The committee have telegraphed several places to stop sending more at present. Twenty carloads of provisions and ten thousand blankets came from Cincinnati, and twenty cars from St. Louie. Large quantities of provisions have arrived from other cities. New York has made tenders of large amounts of money, many of her private citizens giving 10,000 dollars each. All the railroads leading out of Chicago are carrying, free of charge, such of the homeless as have friends in other places. The Common Council has passed an ordinance, fixing the price of bread at 8 cents, for a loaf of 12 ounces, and fixing the penalty at ten dollars for a violation of this ordinance, lorty-one persons were shot in making arrests last night. The station-house is filled with prisoners. The number of bodies recovered from the ruins now reaches ninety. The total loss of grain ie now ascertained to be 1,600,000 bushels. Four vessels were loaded with grain for the East to-day, and the Eastern movement will continue, as there are fully 6,000,000 bushels now in store. Mayor Mason telegraphs to all committees and persons sending aid to Chicago as follows:-" In cases where money is subscribed send or hold the money subject to my order, instead of purchasing supplies. This will prevent our receiving an excess of articles, and enable us to buy those we most need, such as shelter and fuel, which will be so necessary during the coming winter. (Signed) R. D. Mason, Mayor." The New York Times of the 12th instant in its money article says :-" There is comparative calmness in Wall-street market as against the two fearful days through which the street passed following the Chicago calamity. Money continues very dear, however, to the stock brokers, and the restoration of confidence' is by no means rapid, interrupted as it is by frequent and fitful reaction in prices. The losses since Monday morning have been enormous, and many of them irrecoverable, because of the absolute necessities under which they were incurred. Others have been partially qualified at a heavy cost in the way of extra interest, by repurchases at low figures, or by throwing contracts a few days ahead. Business in the railways and in Western Telegraphs has again been heavy m amount." The New York Herald says of the great prairie and forest conflagrations:-The primary cause of all these fires (and it will apply no doubt to Chicago to some extent) is the withering drought which has prevailed over all the country, from the Rocky Mountains to the great lakes, since July last. The grass on the prairies has been prematurely dried by the sun, the green trees of the forests have been rendered combustible, and the turf under them, formed from decayed vegetation, has been dried into tinder, so that in many Elaces whole rafts- of forest trees, undermined by fire, ave fallen into the surrounding flames. All these fires, then, have for their primary cause this year's extraordinary > drought in all the desolated districts. ^ The immediate causes are sparks and cinders from railway locomotives, and, as we have heretofore stated, the culpable carelessness of settlers, hunters, and emigrants in the important matter of their outdoor^ fires. This ruinous fire in Chicago commenced in a section of the city largely built up in combustible wooden houses, made intensely combustible by a long dry season. Hence, under a driving dry south wind we can understand the secret of the rapid progress of the flames, and the destruction in their course of buildings supposed to be fireproof. What, then, are the remedies for these disastrous western fires, with a general drought as their primary cause? Till we can reach the drought we have no other remedies than the careful precautions suggested by these fires to settlers, hunters, emigrants, and to railway companies and all concerned j and these precautions and safeguards should be enforced bylaw and by officers authorised for the purpose, in the Territories by Congress, and in the States by the several State Legislatures, including laws for the better protection, in every way, of cities and towns against the danger of fire. In the course of time even these droughts themselves may be conquered. From what our western people are now doing, as regards the destruction of their timber, we see from year to year that their annual rainfall is diminishing, and that they are on the high road which, if followed even a few years longer, may lead them into a general calamity of drought, famine, fire, and pestilence, compared with which even this disastrous Chicago fire will appear as a bagatelle. Some heavy calamity or series of chastisements for wrongdoing appears to be the price exacted of mankind for every useful lesson learned. The useful lessons suggested by these western fires cannot be learned too soon. Meantime it becomes the first duty of the city of New York and its people to assist in relieving the immediate and pressing distresses of Chicago; and, with these relieved, we have no doubt that the enterprising people of Chicago -rising superior to their heavy misfortunes-will soon rebuild their city, more beautiful and more secure than it was, and repair all her losses and redeem all her obligations. The First Brahmo Marriage in Madras.-On t Sunday the 17th September, the marriage of Shumath P. Narrainsawmy Naidoo, employed as Examiner in the Inam Commission Department, Revenue Board Office, Madras,-with Shrimathee Litammah Garu, his cousin, was solemnised in the Black Town in accordance with the Brahmic ritual The minister recited the whole of the authorised Sanscrit marriage ritual now observed by the orthodox Hindoo community, except so much of it aa savoured of idolatry. These recitations were accompanied with their Telugu translation, in order that the married pair and the public might understand what really passed. The ceremony conducted on the occasion may be divided into the following heads :-(1.) The bestowal, by the guardian, of the bride upon the bridegroom. (2.) The bride and bridegroom's consent to the marriage. (3). The exchange of marriage oaths. (4.) The investiture of the marriage token upon the bride, called Mangalya-dharanam; and, (5.) An address to the married pair on the responsibilities and duties attending a manned life, ending m a prayer.-Madras Times. rrMri and Published for the Proprietor by John Hawkingst at 112, Strand, London, W.GL ;