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Star-News (Newspaper) - March 23, 1957, Pasadena, California Korea Returnees Seek to Review Turncoat Injustices WASHINGTON rtP) At the end of the Korean War, 2, American soldiers who were taken prisoner chose to remain 1 Ked China rather than come home to the United States Two ol these turncoa Cpt. Edward S. Dickei .son of Crackers Neck, Va., an Cpl Claude J Batchelor of Ke mil, Tex, changed their mind within a few months The came home and are now ser ing long prison terms at F Leavenworth Kan, for collal .prating with the Communists Nine other Army men r turned in. a regular prisons exchange after the 1953 arm! tice, were court martialed a. 'collaborators arid given sen from temporar suspension, of rank to 10 year imprisonment. Seven other turncoats re turned home -much later. All o these tardy prodigals are fiee A legal techrlcality ha .made it impossible for th .-Army to try them on collator; tion 'charges. Army officials are acutel aware of this situation. -In-pr4- wttt-the government leave Dick conversation, they readil, that it violates the.Amer Jean concepts of fair play an equal justice for all. HANDS TIED the Army's hands a.r tied. On Feb. 23, 1954, afte Dickenson' and Batchelor ha returned, the 21 turncoats stil in Red China were given dis .discharges. This wa r.done at the direction of De :fense Secretary Charles E. Wi son and over the protests o Army legal experts. Cpl. Otho G. Bell; Olympia ..Wash., Cpl. Lewis-E. Griggs Jacksonville, Tex., and Cp' William A. Cowart, Monticello Ark., were the first three men 'to return from China af te .Wilson's order was carried out They arrived in July, 1955. The Army moved to bring them befon courts martial on the same kind of collaboration charges which Dickenson and Batch Telbr were convicted. Dickenson "got 10 years; Batchelor 20. But Federal Judge Louis E Goodman of San Francisco -ruled that, military jurisdiction Over Bell, Griggs arid Cowart ended with their dishonor able discharged. He said they could not be tried by court mar tial. SAME BARRIER same legal barrier has prevented the Army from pro ceeding against Pvt. Richard R Tenneson of Alden, Minn., who returned in December, 1955; Pfc. Arlle H. Pate of East Car bndelet, 111., and Pfc. Aaron P, Wilson of Urania, La., both of whom returned in December, 1956; and Pvt. Samuel D. Haw- kins of Oklahoma' City, Okla. who came out of Red China only a few weeks ago. The Army has stated official- ly that it has evidence which it thinks warrants prosecution of all of the turncoats as collab- orators with the Reds. The charges would not be based on their original decision to refuse repatriation. They would be accused, rather of having informed on fellow Americans, helped Communist brafnwashers or otherwise aid- enemy while in prisoner of war camps before the Korean Armistice. Since the Army cannot try the seven men who were dis- honorably discharged before their return, any future action against them is up to the Jus- tice Department and Federal Civil Courts. A Justice Department spokes- Arcadia C of C Names Groups ARCADIA. Committees for 'the coming were an- yesterday by William Suhm, Chamber of Commerce president. They are: Executive committee, Suhm; .budget and finance, Verl I. Punk; membership, John Bry- ant; parking, Charles Shugert; hostess, Fred Wheeler; legisla- tive, Dexter D. Jones; educa- tional, Tom Sullivan, Jr.; transportation, Don Ehr; spe- cial events, Kenneth Mergen; Los Angeles County Fair booth; R. Weimer; health and safety, City Manager.'Neil F. Anderson; retail promotion, Erh; publicity, Allan Jnynes; annexations, Dwlght -L. Lulse; .Christmas decorations; City Engineer Mike Carozza; resi- dential decoration contest, Women's Division, Chamber of' Commerce, and solicitation control, Sullivan. man told the United Press tha all seven eases are "now unde active study." No Federal Civil Court woul have jurisdiction over a cas in which the defendant face the charged file against Dickenson and_Batche is, violating the art cles of war by collaboratin with the enemy while in a pris on camp. But a civil court coul try charges of treason if th government felt it had ground to-bring such charges. Under the U. S.pConstitution prosecution for treason re quires two eyewitnesses f o each "pvert this rea son, legal experts consider i extremely difficult, to build a successfuLtreasbn case. If the Justice Departmen eventually decides against pros ecution of the late returnees enson and Batchelor to serve out their time in Ft, Leaven worth? No Army or Justice tiepart ment official: .was willing "t hazard an answer. -But it was pointed out that President Ei senhower can free any prisoner }y executive clemency if hi [eels that woulc be'served. The Defense Depart ment has a special parole boarc which recommends clemency action to the President in t h e case of military prisoners. SEEK REVIEW Some military officials fee hat any consideration of clem ency for Dickenson and Batche or should be coupled with a review of the cases of the nine Army men court martialec after their return in the pris oner exchange. Girls Observe Government Day SOUTH SAN GABRIEL; This community observed Girls' )ay in government this week t the Board of Supervisors meeting. Supervisor Herbert C. Legg ntroduced the following: Jo ,nn Miss South San labriel, and Alice Rivas, both f Mark Keppel High School; lonnie Higgins and Karen ;ould of San Gabriel High chool; Mrs. La Verne Higgins, hairman, Girls' Week and member of Business and Pro- essional Wijmgn's outh San Gabriel; Mrs. Mllda -.a Berge, president, South San abriel Business and Profes- onal Woman's Club, and mem- er of Countv Probation Com- ittee, and Mrs. Mary Hazel Iso a memebr of the South an Gabriel Business and Pro- essional Woman's Club. Incentive BAWLING GREEN, Ky. W) lids are turning old tires into asketballs. A recapping firm, finding it- elf short on old tires, offered regulation size and weight asketball to each boy and girl ringing in a tire. When the supply of basket- alls is exhausted, the corn- any said it will order more. BLINDNESS NO 'HANDICAP-Sightless since the age of five, 22-year-old Ed Laskie works as technician develop- ing X-ray films at Danbury (Conn.) Hospital. Expertly trained, Laskie needs no sight for his work in the dark- .room. The young technician'walks half a mile unaided each day to and from his job. More than X-ray plates xare processed each year at the 171-bed com- mUnity hospital. Man Pushes Research Into De-Salting Sea WASHINGTON. OP) ,Man is .moving closer to his ancien dream of de-salting the sea to provide an unlimited supply o 'resh water for farms and cities, government, scientists saic oday. Research .on' cheap methods f purifying ocean water will :ake a significant step forward Ms summer with the construc- ion of three pilot plants .on !ie east and west coasts. If these plants work as well s designers expect, said Davii Jenkins, head of the Interior Department's office of salih "it appears reasonably ertain" that the cost of large cale conversion of ocean wate ill be brought down to abou 0 cents per gallons.-. That would be a major breal irough in research. The mos fficient salt water conversion pparatus now in favy ships and at isolated in ustrial at ost of about per allons. But Jenkins and his col eagues; who have tested scores f di0erent conversion proc sses since the government re earch program was launchec 1952, regard the 50 cen gure as only a temporary arget. "We expect to keep on bring ig the cost he said.' A good many more years o: Mew Signals Aid Arcadia Traffic ARCADIA. Traffic problems Huntington Dr. near Colo ado place have eased consid rably since the installation o. 3-phase traffic regulating ystem according to police re- The new signals regulate the ow of vehicles along east ound and west-bound traffic n Huntington drive. The signals cost with IB City of Arcadia paying ne-third and the state two lirds of the cost. Egypt's Tourist Trade Uncertain OB A gleaming School Student Body Meets New Officers ALHAMBRA. The cabinet serving the Mark Keppel High School student body the com- ing semester was Introduced recently at a special assembly. Anderson, student president, opened the scs- s.lon, i Others Introduced were Rnlph Mnrtinoz, secretary of activi- ties; Peggy. Rltter, secretary of girls; Llndn Ochon, secretory ot clubs; Eddie Dlllcy, secre- tary of assemblies; Donnn Dig- i glcs, secretary of flnnnco; ,'lm i Reach, socrotnry ol boys; Sto- 'hite new Shepheard's Hotel is sing on the banks of the Nile nd nearby the new Hilton Ho- 1 is going up. But no one knows whether le tourists will come back to gypt to stay in these mod- rnistic western structures and journey out from Cairo to view the Pyramids and the Sphinx. Retail business appears to be in the doldrums, with import- ers of luxury goods hardest hit. Medicines are scarce and whiskey and American cigar- ettes hard to get. There has been a vast exo- dus of foreign residents. From the time of the Israeli attack to the end of February, some foreigners have left by ship and' by the airline flights from Cairo have been jammed. It is uncertain whether American resident families, ordered or advised to leave Egypt, will come back in any great numbers. WEATHEU WARM The land Is sunny and warm again after the chilly and de- pressing days of February, but the guides and merchants of the bazaars arc idle. The British and French Vho onco strolled the lawns of the exclusive Gczlra Sporting Club arc gone now. Four Britons are on trial as spies. No figure has yet been published on the value of the hundreds of Brit- ish and French businesses se- questered or "Egyptlanized" since November, but it runs In the millions. On Carlo nowsstandsi racks ol Soviet literature printed in English, French and Arabic lie 1 CIIIM IVIUUII JIV plmnle Stolmlel, secretary of beside the fcondon Times mid the cabinet and Angela Camcll, (American magazines. Russia 1 editor ol the Aztec, school pa- Per, put on an Industrial fair here last month and there lias been a stream of theatrical and dance troupes from eastern Europe. Prices are up throughout Egypt, but there is no sign of runaway inflation and the ag ricultural basis of the economy appears to be sound. Legal "floors" have kept Egyptian stocks from falling below their pre-invasion prices. The offic- ial exchange figure for the Egyptian pound is but, in Beirut for example, it brings only Cotton is the basis of Egypt's economy and so far this year only tons have been ex- ported compared with tons for .the same period last year. SUEZ HIT HARD The closing of the Suez has Nit Egypt exceedingly hard and exports will jump once It Is cleared. The major drops have oeen in exports 'to India and Japan, barred by the blocked canal. .Commercial Minister Mohammed Abu Nossier says the export lag is "being rcme- lied" and cotton traders be- leve the current crop will be sold. Egypt's foreign trade is In- creasingly flowing toward the Communist bloc since the Egyptian purchase of and Russian arms and the freezing of Egypt's foreign re serves by the west, Exports to the Reds, mostly of cotton, rose from 14 per cent in 1054 to.27 per cent In 1955, Ihe year ol the arms dual, to 34 per cent last year, Esti- mates are It will run as high as 50 per cent In 1057. Imports from the Soviet Woe jumped 8 per. wmt In 195-1, 7 per cent In 1955 and 14 per cent in 1956. research and experimentation will be necessary, he indicated to- reduce conversion costs to the point where major cities would consider it economically feasible to run a -pipeline to nearest seacoast rather than fill their reservoirs from wells, rivers and lakes. COSTS VAKY Present costs of fresh water for municipal and industrial use range from a few cents per gallons, in areas sit uated near an adequate supply to a high of about 38 cents per gallons in a few places where supplies are scarce. Interior Department officials are convinced that de-salted sea water is the "ultimate" answer to the nation's ever-expanding demand for more and more fresh'water. Finding enough water to meet demand already is major problem in'virtually all western states and in many parts of the East. Shortages are so acute in some areas that President Eisenhower recently ivarned that "water is rapidly becoming our most precious natural resource." Assistant Interior Secretary G. Aandahl estimates that the 1975 population will need about 453 billion gallons of water a twice the jresent need. "When we can economically take water from the-ocean and use it for agriculture, for indus- try, and for human consump- he said, "we'll 'have a source of water which is prac- Jcally without limit." All three of the pilot plants :o be built during.the next few months are adaptations of the distillation method which man las used for centuries to purify vater. Pure water is extracted by applying heat to salt water o cause evaporation, and then condensing the vapor. One plant at San Diego, :alif., will be a "solar still." It vill use the free heat of the mn's rays to cause evaporation. Scientists believe this type of ilant offers great promise for reas with a hot, sunny climate. aiULTIPLE EFFECT" Another type, a "multiple ffect" still, will be built at Harbor Island, N. C. Developed y W. L. Badger of Ann Arbor, lich., it will test an improved ersion of the distillation proc- ss already being used aboard aval vessels. Steam produced n one evaporation tube sup- lies heat for the next stage, nd the process continues hrough five, six or even ten tages. The'third pilot plant, consid- red by some scientists to be ie most promising, is called ie' Badger Hickman rotary till. Developed by the Badger Manufacturing Co. of Cam- ridge, Mass., it is now under- oing shakedown tests at the actory and soon will be moved o a sea coast site which has ot yet been selected. This still, In which very thin, treams of water are forced at Igh velocity over conical heat- ng plates, is regarded as a ossible answer to the prob- em of salt-scale formation 'hich tends to clog the bper- tloniof present distillation ap- aratus. It will turn out about gallons of fresh water a ay- ONIZE WATER Another conversion process, hlch was given extensive Held csts last year in Arizona and outh Dakota, Involves Ionizing vater with an electric current nd then passing it through a lastlc membrane which ex- racts minerals. This process ow appears to bo too costly or large-scale use on sea water, iiit scientists believe it might ie used to purify the brackish nland waters found In many vestcrn state, MARCH 23, 1 The San Gabriel Valley's CLASSIFIED PHONE NUMBERS SY 6-0311 'SAN GABRIEL VALLEY OFFICE Hillcrest 6-4671 121 BOUTH FIRST AVE. ARCADIA RYAN 1-8188 LOS INVITATIONS Order In Invltatlgns recilv .free of ROld prlnu RY Business of Your Own Supplemenf Present Income Farmers Insurance Group offers complete training program, all types Insurance in estab. sales office. Continue present emplov-ment. Start a lucrative business on a part time basis now. No Investment. Contact MR. A. J. MTJNSON 30i E. Huntlngton, Arcadia HI 6-4635 TEves. ST 2-1430 Carpenter) u C'eamnL Ittifti. Eto. Contractors UrafUne fcnclneerlnr Service EleMrlrftl Uonlrtcttnr trtoorlm Qardt-n Service iaivn Sprinkler System --Painting Uecnratlne riumhlnE A Htattnt Service Roofing Tllu flastlc upbnisterine ft Urapea Window Shades A: Screens Business Cmldr 1 Business Industrial Property (Sale) NEEDED. SHORT TKAIN1MO COUKSE FREE PLACEMENT California Motel Assoo. Call AIRS CHUBB. Cl ESTATE LICENSE school 430 Including tcx books. Mark Dally Realty. 204S E. Colorado. SY 3-1284. EL ACCOUNTING CLERK Progressive manufacturer in aircraft parts in San Gabriel ValWy has opening for a Senior Accounting Clerk with 3 to 5 years general manufacturing experience. WRITE RESUME TO BOX 9933 INDEPENDENT, STAR-NEWS AUTO SALESMEN if USED CARS EXPERIENCED Excellent Commission plan with Pasadena's onlr Oldsmoblle New and Used Car Dealer. Finest lo cation on Colorado Street. See Lee Kenyon NATZEL OLDSMOBILE -fa 1217 E. Colorado SPOKEN FRENCH 16 lessons "enough to enjo> travel." Experts. Free trial. SY Cftmtrss Photographic Eoulttinent 42 >metery Joiintry I'mprrt? PAINTING Day Nuneriei Child Oere.. 3D >oxs 68 )rtssmBklnc A Milliner; .4.. 33 itenu NOW SAWYER SCHOOL OF BUSINESS 1165 E. Colorado SY CONTROL CLERK Scheduling internal expediting. Know machine shop practices, read blueprints, use typewriter calculator. GLENDALE Applied Research Laboratories CH 5-26SS CI J-06SS CH 9-6153 Fur Hefttjllng Repairs 38 Turnltare Wanted 47 Gift SiiREMtions 1 load Fftrnl Driving Schools 1150 E. Colorado SX 6-6228 Help Wanted: SALES Full or part-time, day or evening work, newspaper very Help VUntrd: Mm llelp TRAINEES Good opportunity for advancement many benefits. Call Mr. AT 9-3841 BANK of AMERICA 160 E. .MAIN ___ ALHAMBRA GUARDS Pasadena vicinity 50 to 65. Prefer men with other income. Jntcrvlewc 8-4. Monday throuph Friday. American Security Service 245 S. Lake Ave., Work from our office. APPLY IN PERSON a a.m. to 8 p.m. so N. RAYMOND Room Excellent opportunity for young man to grow with small industrial company. Diversified duties in engineering dept. Two semesters college, mechanical drawing (or equivalent) and good math required. Employee benefits air conditioned office. Call Mr. Harper, RA 3-S221 for interview. Help Mfa and Women (ARtnrlei) i... Kt llelp Wonwii (Agencies) Z3 Hflp CRIB ATTENDANT Thoroughly experienced Senior level. Must also operate drill press Consolidated Electrodynamics 300 N. Sierra Madre Villa Ave. East lelp Wanted Women. Siih-headed, aliihaWtirAl order) Home Appliance Service 62 for Tn.ndfnB. [nmm for JIG FIXTURE BUILDER 45-HR. WEEK BADA CO., 210 MARY ST. Ionics lor sair Altadena... ,IOfi Humes lor Canada Fllntrldxe 106 Igmrs for Snle San Marino.. 107 liftmen for Sale South fasadpna 108. be Moved t.... 32 !OUSPS Duplexes Furnished (Krnt> AND DIE MAKER 5 day 45 hour week, llealtn and accident Insurance provided. Powers Wire Products Co. 510 So. Monterey Pass Rd. Monterey Park. CU Houses A 0 opines Income Property (Sale) 113 nfome Tax bervlre 6 nstnirtluQ ft Srtiooll U nveitmcnta ...134 JTcMoch A Feeo IsrttlantoiiB (Sale) ,i 40 Isrrllnneous Wanted 41 Innejf to tioan 131 oney Wanted lotorryrlr K KlcyrlfS ft Sturaitf MAN FOR GENERAL OFFICE Filing. addrensoKraph, etc. Must be intelligent, fast accurate. Willing to lenrn. Permanent, cood f.iture. Lge, national organization. SY 6-2326 Analyst Trainee school mln. some mathc-mnllcn A chemical backRround preferred. U.S. Permanent position with PnsKtlenii branch of Olin Muthleson chemical Corp. MY Man Floor WaxlnR, etc. Rolfnblc. references. Afe-t 3D to 45. White pie-fCITfd. Will teach man. Kxcellcnt ciU'iint-n. Call A-T Offlre SiinnllPK M 'fntonalt Vis and sointlki ,.P. MMnoi A Ornani 4t> 'oiillrj A llahblt fll nitiOH A rrlrvihloB SALESMAN Must be nble to mount tires, aal-nry olus comm. with antce. Only exp. tlrcmnn need apply. Concern established 2ft yro. In Alhambrn. See Mr, Kvnns. PRODUCTION To write own ticket In progressive nlflBtlc company. Must be nnle to work without direct supervision. Kxnerlence In plustlcs not essential, 8Y prawna Unlimited opportunity. Must be Married preferred. Start he. If mialllled. (Ml N. Ave. Ill ml. 3. of Ban Bernardino WOnKlNO r wrecking yard. experience necejtsary. salary tral KAtaUi KvrhnnKA 120 ral fotnia lxwnn 130 K.tme "ttihet Irnl fauite "UiH o.' Efttatf Ill Mimit for ltrnl With Opportunity Young num. i jr. machine eliop cxp, required, ability to follow inn true! "A 1052 N. TO P.M., MAKER 1st Clnns. Top rnto, 50 hr, wk, NATTER TOOL A DIB 0438 Q1DLKY ST.. UOSEMEAD CU for HotiUfWpi'nir 79 ItuaUnna Wanted 17 SlttmtinnA WatiteVI (Mfn) rrnffftftlimal lanliAHtimi A itenf linmri.... IK Hiinlrit .9 ihnitfftrn Wnotfd (Wumfti) PROMOTION NATIONAL known CIOAItKTTR MANUFACTURRR, ARC Call bMween 8 A.M. pit Must have u yms of recent fx-mrlencc on mills A InlhM, BY R-3I21 fop mnn only, pfrmaneni Job. TW Repfilr A nit era I In Apply 125 N, Alnnmhrft, __ OTOSSATK conTfwfoi Und.icdH men. tixp. only. Apply n, in. (o Mr, iJflnrlt tit roftr. ftpofitnj Boofli -MMfrin mAinm. Rox 223, ImV 121 60, Ifit, ftnitrtmd unodi 41 lit inn .-I.. .15 ahttrhan Pninrrir rrtlj. -M ,141 10 M 147 t'antfd to Rent Mw M tsinblialfed dlhirlbiitor-ne> tAllers. ctiarnftter. refiiitred. AT SALESMAN Experienced, good AT l-fl-MI .KATrKafnift 6hr., .iBieamitnTrViilil port Y S.litf Him 8Y to HaH. Ol 1-4IS1. "WSTlBngilBEMAN" fltenny work. JO to