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Southern Illinoisan (Newspaper) - July 31, 1974, Carbondale, Illinois ILL S BOX 739 62525 PUBLICATION OFFICE 710 N Illinois Murphysbero 1113 Walnut Herrln 212 N 1Mb Volume 82No 17915e Copy 4 Sections Tabl Puzzled gasoline toCarbondW Frtt Billy Jourtul Marphyibwo I WEDNESDAY iJUUr W4 i By the Associated Press Gasoline shortage Dont tell that to dealer Art Paul Hes out there pumping into the Bight Sell sell sell thats what the companies are telling us now said Paul taking a break Tuesday night at his Los Angeles station to comment in his capacity as president of the Gasoline Retailers Association of Southern California Paul is among some dealers around lie country who reporj that even though television com mercials are still plugging con servation of gasoline the om panies are filling service station storage tanks with gasoline allocations equal to or exceeding those of 1972 Every dealer in Southern California is getting as much or more than 72 Paul claimed He said that to his knowledge in Southern California Mobil is supplying 105 per cent and Standard 109 per cent of 1972 deliveries urged fo sell sell m Cnnttiprn California Dealers who liked the idea of limiting hours to get home for dinner or even take a Sunday off for fishing are finding themselves back in the thick of competitive sales Reports from Southern California are echoed at least in Chicago and Miami according to survey by the Associated Press Some oil companies ad mit the accounts of higher sup plies and selling pressure are accurate The energy crisis is real Story on page 2ft A union Oil spokesman put it this way We have not forced the dealers to stay openlonger We have requested them1 to return to the operating hours they had prior to the problems of last winter and early this year The reason is that more gasoline is available now and we want to be able to take care of the motoring public In Maryland dealers report deliveries running from a low of 80 per cent to a high of 120 per cent of 1972 levels Arkansas dealers said they were getting about 90 per cent of 1872 alloca tions The American Petroleum In stitute an industry trade organization said in Washington that gasoline stocks are slightly higher than a year ago while demand is slightly lower No one immediately had a certain answer for reported variances in allocations although Paul said that the heaVy concentration of refineries in Southern California might be a local plus and that some regions might be Impeachment articles ready to go to House Washington AP Proclaiming that President Nixon warrants impeachment and trial and removal from of fice the House Judiciary Committee has ended its historic inquiry with a threepart resolution to be sent to the House In it the committee recom mends Nixons impeachment for obstructing justice misuse of his powers and failing to obey its committee subpoenas for evidence Debate in the House will begin In about two weeks The three articles would redefine and limit the power of the executive They are the first to be sent to the House floor in more than a century since President Andrew Johnsons impeachment during the Civil War reconstruction period The third impeachment article relating to the subpoenas was approved Tuesday by a narrow Judiciary Committee finds Nixon warrants impeachment trialr removal from office1 2117 vote The three articles of im peachment charge Nixon with and misde high crimes meanors by Obstructing justice in covering up the Watergate af fair the breakin of Democratic national headquarters June 17 1972 once described by a White House spokesman as just a thirdrate burglary Abusing his powers through misuse of federal agents and agencies to violate constitutional rights of citizens by wiretapp ing income tax audits and other activities Refusing to comply with committee subpoenas for 147 taperecorded conversations and other material sought as evidence by the inquiry Rejected as impeachable of fenses before the committee concluded its inquiry were pro posed articles recommending impeachment for concealing the bombing of Cambodia from Congress and perpetrating tax fraud come by underpaying his in taxes Both were defeated by 2512 votes The committees recom mendations must first face the formality of passing through the House Rules Committee before making their way to the House floor A majority vote is needed in the House to impeach the President The Senate then would conduct a trial in which a twothirds majority would be needed to convict and remove Nixon from office The House committees pro ceedings ended with a rap from the gavel of Chairman Peter W Rodino Jr and his ruling that This concludes the work of the committee As he filed out of the com mittee room Rep Charles E Wiggins RCalif Nixons leading defender during the six days of debate and voting on the impeachment articles said At the moment I would have to say the odds are that the House would pass them The final day of the com mittees deliberations saw a breakdown in the bipartisan coalition that adopted the first two articles by votes of 27 to 11 and 28 to 10 The committee has 21 Democrats and 17 Republicans all lawyers Although the secondranking Republican Rep Robert McClory RI11 offered the article dealing with subpoenas it won the support of only one other Republican Rep Lawrence Hogan of Maryland Hogan was the only Republican to vote for all three articles that were adopted Rep Thomas Railsback R HL a leader in the bipartisan effort to pass the first two articles accused the majority of engaging in political overkill in trying for more articles When the Cambodian bombing and tax fraud articles were called up Railsback said the Democrats were endangering Republican support on the floor for any articles He said later the defeat of the articles had removed that danger In urging adoption of Article in McClory saidNixons refusal to comply with eight committee subpoenas for 147 taped conversations was an act ofstonewalling that threatened the impeachment process itself And Hogan said it raised the most important issue in the in quiry K we do not pass this article the whole impeachment process becomes meaningless he said Means fo get quick Senate trial Nixon considers asking impeachment Washington Star News And Associated Press Washington Key aide to President Nixon said today a proposal that Nixon seek impeachment by the House as a means of getting a quick Senate trial is under considera tion Patrick J Buchanan a political conservative who serves Nixon as speech writer adviser told reporters that White House congressional team was taking soun dings on whether Nixon has a fighting chance of avoiding im peachment in a House floor vote If prospects are distinctly un Debates affect future presidents Stay on page 10 favorable Buchanan said the and his aides would have to weigh more carefully the option of trying to bypass a roll call vote in the House and move directly to a Senate trial Rep Lou Frey Jr RFla in itiated months ago the idea of bypassing a losing floor fight in the House in the interests of is a chance of Jhe disposing of the impeachment House we ought to fight it out n question more rapidly None at the House But he went on to the White House bought the idea whv it at the time Buchanan acknowledged the idea is now being considered seriously and said Thats not been ruled out It certainly hasnt been ruled out or ac cepted One motive for White House acceptance of the proposal would be to avert a potential landslide defeat in the House following bipartisan adoption by a House Judiciary Committee majority of three articles against Nixon Buchanan said that if there peachment question directly to the Senate should House pro spects look dim It would promote a speedy resolution of Nixons fate Three sentences concurrent Ehrlichman receives 20month minimum Washington AP Former presidential assistant John D sentenced Ehrlichman was to a minimum 20 months in prison today on his conviction for conspiracy and perjury in the Ellsberg breakin case US District Judge Gerrhard A Gesell set 20month to five year sentences to run concur rently for each of the three criminals counts for which Ehrlichman was convicted G Gordon Liddy a member of the White House plumbers unit carried off the breakin was given a onetothreeyear sentence but it is to run parallel with other sentences handed Liddy in the original Watergate breakin case Thus it does not add any time to what Liddy already had to serve Gesell said two other con victed members of the plumber group Miamians Bernard L Baker and Eugenio R Martinez were duped by high govern ment officials and gave them suspended sentences Ehrlichman until April 30 1973 one of the closest members of President Nixons inner cir cle stood before Gesell just before sentencing and said quietly Your Honor I believe I am the only one in this courtroom who really knows whether I am guilty or not guilty I am inno cent of each and every one of those counts Answering briefly Gesell called the breakin at the office of Daniel Ellsbergs psychiatrist one of the most shameful episodes in American history Gesell said that among the defendants Ehrlichman had violated the high public trust that went with his position in the White House Ehrlichman told an im promptu news conference outside of the courthouse that justice will be found and done and that I wUl ultimately be ex onerated and vindicated Ehrlichman repeated the defenses he attempted to raise at the trial and again charged that Judge Gesell had erred in not allowing him to present them all to the jury All people who are in government are constantly re quired to balance the interests of an individual against the larger interest of the country as a whole the former White House official said There was a balance of that kind involved in this case Ehrlichman said and contended that Gesell should have allowed him to plead national security interests were involved in the plumbers operation Ehrlichman 49 a highly suc cessful Seattle zoning lawyer who joined the 1968 Nixon presidential campaign could have received a maximum penalty of 20 years in prison and fines of Ehrlichman plans an appeal and Gesell freed him on his own recognizance Flames put ouf Aides rush in to smother flames on Westwood Mass fireman Louis Sadler who Senate in Buchanans GfbfooiS iew would provide a better setting for debate of the issues ee House Republicans put in a very ITTCiny difficult position particularly if the likelihood is not very great that we would prevail At the moment Buchanan said Nixon and his associates have no set strategy for dealing with the impeachment question Buchanan said no decisions had been made yet concerning Nixons personal role in his own defense and no decision had been made on whether the President should state his case in a national television ad Buchanan insisted that Nixon is not reassessing his oftstated rejection of a possible resigna tion and indicated Nixon is determined to stay in office even if impeached by the House and acquitted narrowly by the Senate Harrisburg Pa AP Euell T Gibbons author of Stalking the Wild Aspara gus and one of the nations bestknown advocates of na tural foods has an ulcer Its not that hes been eat ing too many dandelion greens or drinking too much sassa fras tea the 63yearold Gib bons hastened to explain af ter disclosing his ailment on Tuesday He said he has been taking too many aspirins for an arth ritic condition and according to his doctor they caused the ulcer was inside a horning house conditon Tuesday when an explosion AP Wirephoto oceured Sadler 54 was re Committee votes tax reductions SUNNY Washington AP Tax changes benefiting aver age taxpayers and one that would reduce the levy on some wealthy individuals have been approved by the House Ways and Means Committee The committee Tuesday wrote the new provisions ef fective with next years income into a major tax reform bill it is preparing for House considera tion after the impeachment proceedings are completed If enacted the provisions would result in an estimated billion annual loss in Treasury revenues Of principal interest to most taxpayers are proposals to Increase the maximum Texas Eastern standard deduction used by those who do not itemize on their tax return from to and the rate from 15 to 17 per cent Raise the minimum stan dard deduction that benefits low income persons from to on single tax returns and to on those of spouses filling jointly Create a new simplification deduction for taxpayers who do itemize They would be allowed to claim up to in place of various miscellaneous deductions such as the one for state gasoline j taxes that the committee has decided to repeal Backers said the change would on balance be advantageous to taxpayers But inv Southern California some companies call up at the end of the month and say Hey weve got another load of gas for you And we dont even want it because weve got enough and its not worth it to work 24 hours all the time Paul said In Washington Treasury Secretary William E Simon said that in his view retail gas prices could drop as much as seven cents a gallon in the next 12 months No big push in area Gasoline dealers in Southern Illinois report little or no pres sure to increase sales or hours Elmer Hill of the Haury Standard Station in Murphys boro said he had been told to increase service hours but has not done it yet Jack Lyerla owner of a Texaco station in Murphys boro said the company asked him to sell more gas but has not increased his allocation The company hasnt asked us to sell more but they havent discouraged us from selling more like they did for a while said Ken Marquard a Standard dealer in Carbon dale Most service stations con tacted said they had receiv ed no recent instructions from their companies on hours or increasing sales Prices at some cut rate stations are 439 for regular Most major brands are 589 or 599 with premium 2 cents higher Mileage claims attacked Washington AP The Federal Trade Com mission announced today a series of actions aimed at eliminating what the com mission considers to ba misleading claims for fuel con sumption The nations Big Three automobile manufacturers as well as several local automobile dealers recreational vehicle trade associations and a boat trade association were nam ed J7 Thomas Roach director of the commissions Bureau of Consumer Protection said the actions were taken to assure consumer anxieties over current energy problems are not ex ploited by advertising that is false deceptive or unsubstan tiated The commission said it has accepted a negotiated settle ment with General Motors Corp of Cadillac Eldorado ads pro claiming the car superior in gas mileage to 73 other vehicles in Environmental Protection Agency mileage tests Deadline passes no action Huntsville Tex AP Convict Fred Gomez Carrasco ordered breakfast and morning newspapers today ignoring a deadline to blow up one of IS hostages at the main state prison unless he received three bulletproof vests Agreement with Peabody commits land for plant Fair tonight with lows in low or mid 60s Partly sunny Thursday highs in up per 80s Friday through Sun day partly cloudy highs in 80s lows in 60s INDEX Classified 2124 Comics TV Bridge Crossword 39 Editorials 4 Family living 67 Records 2425 Sports IMS Weather detail map 25 The Peabody Coal C6 has tentatively dedicated a large portion of its Southern Illinois coal fields for a possible coal gasification plant The Texas Eastern Trans mission Corp of Houston Tex and Peabody have reached an agreement under which Texas Eastern has obtained the com mitment while a study is made into the feasibility of me plant The plant would have a dai ly capacity of u much ai 250 million cubic feet for the corporations eastern system This is the second such agreement Peabody has made In 1970 the coal company announced plans for a joint venture with Panhandle East ern Pipe Line Co of Houston Tex that could lead to a coaltogas operation Peabody also committed some of its Southern Illinois coal reserves to the joint pro ject Further plans for that plant are contingent upon tests cur rently being conducted in Scotland William V Hart man Peabodys vice president of purchasing and special pro jects has said Hartman could not be ed for comment on the new venture with Texas Eastern James MuUigan Texas Easterns public relations di rector said today its hard to put an estimate on when the plant might a reality He said a feasibility study first will have to be complet ed A similar project underway in New Mexico would em ploy about 600 people he said Milligan declined to com ment on where the coal re serves are located or where in Southern Illinois the coalto gas plant might be located Its still kind of early he said ;