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Southern Illinoisan (Newspaper) - February 19, 1974, Carbondale, Illinois PUBLICATION OFFICR Carfaondala Murphyiboro Hirrin 710 N Illinois 1113 Walnut 212 N 16th Southern lUinoisan 010175 IM LIBRARY LS NEWSPAPERS BECATUR III Volume 421 Oe Copy luccnwr to Cirbondi H Fret Prtti Htrrln Dilly Journal TUESDAY FEBRUARY 19 W74 Tax relief proposed Illinois assembly to get rival plans Springfield CAP The Democratic and Republican leaders of the Il linois House have unveiled rival tax relief plans they will in troduce in the spring session of the General Assembly House Minority Leader Clyde Choate DAnna announced day a plan to reduce individual income taxes by million a and ebmination of the uMity tax year and at the same time raise on residential users A tart tax corporate taxes by relief plan is expected when Blair unveils GOP program Story on page S million The Democratic plan hinges on the passage by both the House and Senate and then the voters of a ccmstitutional amendment to provide that the income tax rate on individuals be no more than half of that on corporations The individual income tax rate Is now 2 per cent and businesses pay 4 per cent Choates announcement was made the day after House Speaker W Robert Blair R Park Forest announced a million tax relief program which dealt with property tax refunds Area legislators doubt feasibility Gov Daniel Walker delivers his March 6 budget message Choate said both houses of the legislature would have to prove the constitutional amend ment on income taxes by the first week in May so that the measure could appear on the November ballot Choate said that by increasing from to the personal income exemption the family of five earning Clyde Choate Employes can sue over bias would save a year in in come taxes At the same time the corporate income tax rate would be increased from 4 per cent to 5 per cent Sirica orders comments halted Washington AP Federal Judge John J Sirica today ordered White House lawyers and the special Watergate prosecutor staff to halt further public comment about investigations into the cdndition of the subpoenaed presidential tapes Sirica summoned the at torneys to a closed door meeting In the wake of a flurry of reports about the preliminary findings of the panel of experts currently morning the judge immediately called Jaworski and James D St Clair President Nixons Watergate lawyer to a con ference in chambers Over the weekend sources reported that one of the six courtappointed technical ex perts had told the White House and prosecutors office early in January of suspicions that two of the recordings were not originals St Clair responded Sunday with a statement issued at the examining the subpoenaed Watergate tapes j Florida White House which After the meeting which acknowledged that such a lasted more than one hour j preliminary report had been Sirica issued a statement made saying All participants in the But St Clair said A meeting have agreed that conj technical investigation has been tinued public comment on the I made with the result that the grand jurys work by those who I conditions found by his member P i 11 jt f have any association with the investigation is inap propriate The judge also said participants in the meeting have agreed to take several precautionary measures to pre vent the disclosure of matters which ought for the time being at least remain con fidential Upon reaching his office this of the panel are actually characteristic of the Sony recorder and do not indicate re recording was made The results of our technical investigation are being made available to the panel of experts St Clair also noted that Sirica had referred earlier findings about the tapes including the gap in one to a grand jury Washington AP The Supreme Court ruled to day that an employe accusing his employer of racial discrimination has a right to carry his case to court even if he has already exhausted union arbitration procedures In a unanimous decision the Supreme Court reversed rulings of the U S Circuit Court in Denver and a federal district court In other action the court Agreed to review a judges ruling that a play can be held obscene because of conduct such as simulated sexacts which he said are not protected by constitutional guarantees protecting free speech Refused to block a damage suit against prosecutors and police in Chicago for their ac tions before and after a fatal police raid on Black Panther Party members in 1969 Agreed to review a lower court ruling that federal law on the promotion of Navy officers discriminates against men because of differing criteria for selecting out men and women officers who fail to win promo tion The job discrimination ruling came in a suit brought by Bar rell Alexander Sr who alleged that his employers the Gardner Denver Co fired him unfair ly The Supreme Court ruled that the federal law preventing e m ployment discrimination gives an employe a separate right to petition for judicial review in addition to his right of arbitration under union grievance procedures Nixon leaves Alabama crowds buoy spirits c Washington StarNews Washington His spirits buoyed by the big gest crowd he has attracted since his second inauguration more than a year ago Richard M Nixon today returned to what distorted at ofWashington where he faces afar more critical au dience A throng estimated atbetween 25000 and 40000 sprawled out across a Huntsville Ala park Monday to see the President and applaud his favorite Whats Right With America speech Nixon did not mention the Watergate scandal but it was never far below the surface No one seemed to doubt the Presidents meaning when he declared The American people are not a nation of quitters The crowd at the Honor America ceremony was restrained in its reaction giving both Nixon and Ala Gov George C Wallace a warm but not fervent reception However Nixon was noticeably pleased with the result There were a few unfriendly signs such as the one sug gesting Honor America Impeach Nixon interspersed with US flags and God Loves Nixon pennants but vocal hecklers of the sort Nixon has faced recently in Florida Georgia Tennessee and Southern California were not a factor in Alabama Nixon concluded his speech with what he called a personal note Apparently speaking more to the Washington reporters who had accompanied him than to the northern Alabama crowd Nixon insisted that Huntsville is more typical of the nations mood than is its capital The Huntsville speech was part of Nixons latest Watergate counteroffensive an effort to rally public support for his cause in advance of action on the impeachment resolution under consideration by the House Judiciary Committee From Nixons standpoint it was a big success although many in the crowd appeared to be more curious than dedicated Both House speaker W Rob ert Blair RPark Forest and House Democratic leader Clyde Choate DAnna have announced tax relief plans but several Southern Illinois legislators expressed doubt that the state can afford any tax relief at this time Rep Ralph Dunn RDu Quoin said elimination of the public utilities tax as propos ed by Blair would be easy to administer I agree it would be a good place to give property tax re lief Dunn said People with small bills pay a bigger per centage than the big users Dunn also said he might cosponsor Blairs proposal to extend the property tax re fund to all people with in comes under The cir cuitbreaker rule now applies only to those 65 or over or the disabled He said he disagrees with Choates proposal to replace the 8to5 income tax ration flavoring corporations with a provision limiting the indivi dual tax rate to not more than onehalf of the corpo rate Dunn who was a dele gate to the 1970 Constitutional Convention said the 8to5 for mula was well worked out Dunn also disagreed with Choates proposal to increase individual exemptions from the income tax from to I dont want to monkey with the income tax he said Dayan may step down Jerusalem AP Defense Minister M o s h e Dayan announced he will refuse to join the next Israeli govern ment because of criticism of his handling of the October war the state radio said today Dayan made the announce ment to colleagues in his dominant Labor party the radio said The Choate proposal on the corporate tax would require a constitutional amendment Dunn said that he is a little concerned whether we can afford any more tax re lief A recent report from state comptroller George Lindberg indicates that the state is spending more than it is taking in revenue he said State Sen Kenneth V Buz bee DCarbondale also ex pressed concern about costs Buzbee had nospecific com ments on the proposals which he said he has not had a chance to study yet I would like to see the fiscal impact of both he said Buzbee said that any tax relief would be extremely tough to finance The main concern is to see that taxes dont get any higher he said The other important concern is to stop the inflationary trend and that has to be done at the federal level he said I dont see how people are getting by he said I would like to see President Nixon give us some tax relief by halting inflation thats the best kind of relief Rep Norbert Springer R Chester also said he has not seen either proposal yet and declined to comment on the measures Asked whether the state could afford tax relief at this time Springer said I dont see how Tax relief must be accompanied by a reduc tion in the state budget he said There has been some specu lation that the Choate proposal may be a preview of Gov plan but a spokesman for Choate denied this Ohoate does not know what the administration is planning he said He said that the proposed change in the favorable corporate tax ratio was a commitment made by Illinois Democrats when the new State Constitution was passed Daughters abductors Hearst awaits reply to goodwill gesture San Francisco AP Randolph A Hearst is awaiting reaction from his daughters kidnapers on his plan to deliver million for food for Californias needy as a first step toward gaining P a tr i c i a Hearsts freedom He also is searching for a taxexempt charitable organization approved by the California attorney general to handle the money including in personal assets he said would be available to day The money will be available but we have to find a proper conduit the president andj editor of the San Francisco Ex1 aminer and chairman of the Hearst Corp told newsmen Monday Theyve asked me for a goodwill gesture I consider this a goodwill gesture particularly since theres no guarantee that my daughter will be releas ed I think it is up to them now to believe me and to make a good faith gesture of their own Details on how the money would be spent and the food distributed remained to be worked out he said Food in dustry officials said million would provide enough food to stock 34 supermarkets Mike Graham seated and Johnnie Meneese examine Niek OTeen left and Hack Photo by Automated exhibit Nick OTeen1 friends fell kids the hazards of smoking By Henry de Fiebre Of The Southern Illinoisan A sinister black draped Mow named Nick OTeen his friend The Beautiful Assist ant and an associate known to his friends as Hack visited children at the Logan School in Marion Monday But the star of the show as a hero named Super Breath The four automated pap ifermache figures are char acters in a fastpaced educa tional exhibit designed to teach elementary school stu dents of the dangers of ciga rette smoking The Illinois Lung Associa tion owns the exhibit which is set up in a large mobile camper It has been travel ing around Franklin and Wil liamson counties this month in cooperation with the Bi County Health Dept About 1900 grade school children in the two counties will have seen the exhibit be fore it moves onto Sparta next week according to Sue WhitingBiCpunty health edu cator The exhibit which runs about five minutes leads off with Nick OTeen described as an infamous defiler of the human lung In Dracula like costume and voice he proudly tells the children of how he plans to go about de stroying a healthy lung He then asks another char acter the cigarfettepuffing Smokers Cough known to friends as Hack to say a few words Hack offers sever al seconds of coughing NickOTeen then introduces his associate The Beautiful Assistant who shows what awaits Hack in her bag of cancer emphy sema and heart disease But while Nick OTeen gloats over his planned con quest a new character com plete with white uniform Su per Breath comes on the scene and saves the lung from destruction Then with the help of il luminated visual aids Super Breath describes the harm ci garette smoking causes lungs He says goodbye to his audi ence with the admonition Be smart dont start The exhibit began traveling throughout central and South ern Illinois last September according to Borne Cutler regional field representative of the lung association The automated exhibit is present ed in conjunction with class room education she said Mrs Whiting of the health department is handling the classroom part of the instruc tion in Franklin and William son counties Before children view the mobile exhibit Mrs Whiting explains respiratory system terms When the children return from the automated they watch Sam the Smoking Dummy puff on a cigarette and learn how it affects his lungs Sam is a mannequin also owned by the lung association with two jars filled with angel hair for lungs As Sam puffs through a tube the smokfe enters his lungs and tar stains the angel hair One little girl after watch ing Sam smoke a cigarette blurted out Sam youre a naughty old man As the children were dis missed for recess some com plained about the smoke in their classroom Others said they were bothered by their parents smoking and wanted to know how they could stop them There was no one to answer them i Arabs give good news to Nixon Nixon would replace EDA other agencies Washington AP The White House sent to Con gress today a plan to replace regional development programs with a system of block federal grants to states to aid economically depressed areas It is time to revamp our ap proach to adjustment assistance President Nixon said in outlining his proposed Economic Adjustment Act The legislation is designed he to help states and com munities provide smoother and more orderly adjustment to economic changes and limit the number of new distressed areas The measure would phase out the Economic Development Ad ministration and such agencies as the Appalachian Regional Commission Nixon said these programs have been ineffective because they disburse federal funds by projects in amounts too small to do much lasting good Under his proposal at least 80 per cent of the federal funds would be funneled to the states a block grants State and local officials would then decide how to use the money Tonight clearing and cold er with lows in the 20s Wed nesday partly sunny and warm er Highs 47 to 55 Cloudy with chance of rain Thursday Fridaycloudy and c ol d e r Partly cloudy Saturday INDEX Clatified 1M4 Comics TV Bridge Croisword 7 Editorials 4 Family living Records 14 Sports 910 WtaUwr map 14 Youth I Washington AP The foreign ministers of Egypt and Saudi Arabia came to the White House today to deliver what they called good news to PresidentNixon Nixon received Ismail Fahmy of Egypt and Omar Sakkaf of SaudiArabia in his Oval Office together with Secretary of State Henry A Kissinger and Maj Gen Brent Scowcrbft deputy to the President for national security affairs During brief picture taking Nixon conferred in a low voice with his two guests They talked about the forthcoming Islamic summit in Lahore Pakistan at which Sakkaf will participate Sakkaf told Nixon mat before going to Lahore he will stop in Paris What the good news men tioned Monday is was still kept secret after two days of talks between the two foreign mjniatert and Kissinger expectation is that Fahmy and Sakkaf brought a plan which would enable Syria and Israel to start talking about disengage ment on the Golan Heights Kissinger reported solid ac complishments in advance of todays White House session The positive note followed talks at the State Department Monday between Fahmy and Sakkaf and the secretary Everything is moving in the right direction Fahmy told reportersKissinger meanwhile said I agree with his characterization The speculation is that the State Department session pro duced a framework for negotia tions on a separation of Syrian and Israeli forces in the Golan Heights The question is whether Kissinger will readily assume the sort of mediator role he played in arranging a disengagement between Egypt and Israel by shuttling between the two countriet Since he has a date later this week in Mexico City for a con ference of WesternHemisphere ministers thereseems little chance of immediate negotia tions But he may wind up later this month in Geneva or in Jerusalem and Damascus using shuttle diplomacy to bridge the enmity between the October War foes The major problem now is to get these talks started and I hope we are making progress Kissinger said Asked whether he would travel to the Middle East the secretary replied First we have to get a framework started Fahmy speaking also for Sakkaf who doubled back to his hotel because of intestinal flue said There isprogress on every avenue and that he would be good news to Nix on Presumably this could also involve an early lifting of Arab oil boycott against the United States Syria has refused to participate in peace talks until Israel gives up the territory taken after it was attacked by its Arab neighbor Israel on the other hand has insisted on the precondition of a list of war prisoners in Syrian hands and visits to them by the Red Cross Over the last month Kissinger is known to have been working on a compromise by which the lists would be obtained once the negotiations reached a serious stage A key question is how much of the strategic territory Israel is willing to yield Unlike the distant Sinai where Israel retreated to ae commodate Egypt the Golan Heights are a buffer between Israeli settlements and instant Syrian attack ;