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Southern Illinoisan (Newspaper) - April 22, 1974, Carbondale, Illinois ERROR 200 Should be PUBLICATION OFFICE Murphysboro 710 N Illinois 1113 Walnut 212 N 010175 IS LIBRARY fi0 BOX 789 DECATUR 1W 62535 Volume 12No Copy I SoetlongH lucCMtor la MONDAY APRIL SB 1974 l Eagle No 1 miners adjust By John Trimble Of The Southern Hlhioisan Whenthe mantrip made its last run out of the Eagle No 1 coal Shawnee town went home withoutjoDs For some it meant a dis ruption in their lives and for all it meant a period of un certainty while finding work telsewhere Manyof the miners who worked Eagle No 1 apparent ly feel it was closed unneces sarily by the Peabbdy Coal Co ThePeabody officials claim ed March 5 when the mine closed that Eagle No 1 had operated at substantial losses during the last several years The mme began production in 1967 Wildcat strikes werfc blamed for adversely affecting pro duction and thus helping to kill the mine The miners have a different story In a letter they refuted Peabodys claim that wildcat strikes shut it down They blamed the mines slow coal production 0n fre quentequipment breakdowns poor management several mine fires six fatal accidents and threats of closing for the last three or four years They said Eagle No1 had no more wildcat strikes than its sister mine Eagle No 2 which continues to flourish Asked about the miners complaints Joseph Touhill an attorney in Peabodys St Louis headquarters said the News analysis blamed on them I dont like Hie way the company blamed it on the men We got a high average companyTas a right to close of good nun any of its property for its the president of the United own reasons He said there is no reason to belabor the point further Workers at Eagle No 1 did not like havingthe mines fate Mine Workers of America The mine was in better shape to start producing coal than it ever had been the l miner said Boyt said other problems plagued Eagle No 1 such as coal heads A head is a large boulder of hard flint rock embedded in the coal seam that can ruin a piece of mining machi ery Another problem was the mines thin coal seam Russell T Dawe Director of the Illinois Dept of Mines and Minerals said the seam was only 48 inches thick in places and that creates a low mine ceiling which can ham per production Eagle No 1 produced only 42271 tons of coal in January Dawe said and this is rela tively low production A mine should average production of about 16 tons of coal a day per man in order to remain competitive in the coal mar ket I hate to see a mine close because it means people will have to rearrange their whole life Dawe said Apparently someof the miners at Eagle No 1 think the mine was closed for rea sons other than economy but they were unable to say what they were Boyt and Robert Lindsay anotherformer EagleNo 1 miner said really know why Peabody closed the mine They maintained that it had produced coal at a high rate at times as much as 1000 tons in eight days Boyt said After the mine closed about 20 men stayed on to help in the cleanup and maintenance operation always carried out at mines after a shutdown Others have found work at other Peabody mines and some crossed the Ohio River to work in Kentucky coal mines that workthe same coal seam Eagle No 1 did The mine had little effect on Shawheetowns economy Many of the men who worked at the mine did not live in Shawneetown Mayor Richard Feburary said Eagle No 1s closing may be hardly remembered in a few years except by the men who worked there The effect of its closing has already been absorbed by an area that is used to the ups and downs of mining The real lasting effect may be a bit more bitterness among some miners toward the coal operators Shutdown of lake polluter may create ghost towns Minneapolis Minn AP US District Court Judge Miles Lord today denied a re quest to stay his order which closed the Reserve Mining Co taconite plant at Silver Bay The facility which bad dis charged up to 67000 tons of waste rock daily into lake Su perior was closed Sunday as a health hazard In SUver Bay some 200 Re serve employes lined up today to apply for unemployment ben efits In the court sesseion Lord expressed concern for some 3100 employes put out of work by his order Saturday Lord scolded Reserve and its two parent corporations for their part in the long trial which resulted in his order He said it appeared that thefirms would rather make investments in their property somewhere else than at Silver Bay In his order Saturday Lord said the pollutior of 67000 tons of rock wastes a day into Lake Superior was endangering the health of five communities in Minnesota and Wisconsin which Asbestos fibers found in five cities drinking water draw their drinking water from the lake The closing of the plant at Silver Bay and the Reserve mine at nearby Babbitt raised the longrange prospect of turn ing the two northeastern Mm nesota communities into little more than welfare towns In all 3100 persons who earn million a year ate out of work in the two towns whose combined population is 6500 Officials in the towns said virtually every one else who worked was there because of Reserve The towns tax base is Reserve and they also face the prospect of being wiped out Lord said he had considered the tremendous economic im pact of his decision and said such an impact was not more important than the health of thousands of persons Minnesota Gov Wendell Anderson said Lords decision was courageous and Reserve is owned jointly by two steel companies Armco and Republic The two said they had enough iron ore stockpiled to continue normal operations for a while but said they were looking for alternate sources Knowledgeable steel industry sources said over the weekend ifReserve does actreopen down Saturday in Minneapolis provides that Reserve Mining cannot reopen until it meets all state and federal pollution stan dards That means construction of an onland treatment plant which Reserve said duringa ninemonth trial would cost million and take several years The Justice Department the stales of Wisconsin Minnesota and Michigan and various en vironmental groups brought the action against Reserve At issue are asbestos fibers found in Lake Superior and traced urtestimony to Reserves huge dailyoutpour into the lake Testimony in the trial said the asbestos fibers could constitute a serious health hazard and Lord said such a hazard ex ists said in a13page memorandum the company ake changes in Armco and Republic would be strong The two companies 1U3 V j million figure estimated for the disposal system was and charged the But Lords order Artillery pounds Mt Hermon Heavy fighting erupts on Golan Heights front By the Associated Press Artillery fire pounded strategic Ml Hermon today and fighting erupted along the entire Golan Heights front The Syrian command reported it was hitting Israeli antiaircraft missile bases that were moved up to foreward positions last night The Syrians claimed their artillery and tanks had inflicted heavy losses on enemy military installations concentration points and an titank missile bases Israel reported artillery fire against the Mt Hermon peak where Israeli forces have been fortifying a new position for the past 10 days had resumed after a night lull A spokesman for Israels military command denied a report by unofficial sources in Lebanon that Israeli soldiers had taken a Lebanese hilltop Sunday in the fight for control of Index Fair and cooler tonight with lows in upper 40s Mostly sunny Tuesday with highs in upper 60s Chance of precipi tation is 20 per cent this even ing Classified Comics TV Bridge Crossword Editorials Family living Farm Records Sport Weather details map 1114 15 4 6 5 7 910 7 the mountain The sources had identified the hill as Shahar on a southwest slope of the moun tain The military command in Tel Aviv reported that in air activity Sunday the Israeli air force had pounded Syrian emplacements six miles behind the front and drove off one Syrian air raider Meanwhile Egypt has refused to meet with Libya and Syria at a session of the Peoples Council of the Federation of Arab Republics the Cairo newspaper Al Akhbar reported today No reason was given for the refusal of Egyptian members of the federation parliament to go to Libya for the meeting but there was speculation that it was a protest against last Thursdays attack on the Military Technical Academy in Cairo Egyptian officials believed the attack in which 11 persons were killed was in spired by Libya ACLUsues to curtail mass search San Francisco AP Officials are considering call ing in civilian volunteers to man police stations in order to free more officers for street duty in the intensive search for the Zebra killers j Meanwhile the American Civil Liberties Union planned to file a class action suit today challenging the new police policy of stopping and searching young black men thought to resemble a police composite drawing of one of the killers Twelve white persons have died in the 5monthold series of un provoked attacks San Francisco attorney Ben jamin James Jr filed a similar suit in US District Court last Friday charging that the police descriptions and sketches are vague and unspecific Police say the man they seek is black slender about 6feet and from 20 to 30 years old A hearing on James suit is scheduled Wednesday when city and police officials will be asked to show cause why the stopand search operation is proper Officials testify at hearing Illinois Gov Dan Walker talks with New Jersey Gbv Brendan Byrn at Chicago conference Sfraussdonf urge his resignation Chicago AP The Democratic national chairman told a gathering of party governors today they should not urge President Nix ons resignation because of the horrors that await us if he is himself as a martyr Robert F Strauss head of the Democratic National Com mittee told 14 Democratic governors Let us remember what this President was and did when he perceived hero Sen Hubert H Humphrey D Minnv told the governors It will do little goodtotell the Democrats are optimistic Story on page 2 American people what could be done if a Democrat were sitting in the White House today 1 people expect and de mand our party to act decisively to solvctheir problems Tn the next two years we will either pass these tests demonstrating that we are capable of effective action and image restoration of trust or we will forfeit our claim to progressive political said Both Humphrey andStrauss told the governors to look beyond Watergate and con gressional victories they expect to win in November and form responsive programs for 1976 It was the same theme pro nounced Sunday by Gov Jimmy Carter of Georgia who also said he preferred the impeachment process rather than resigna tion Carter 3rd gral Is 29 if desired duties up funds down By Karen Rothe Of The Southern Illinoisan As county responsibilities have increased sources of revenue for county govern ments have decreased sev eral witnesses told the Legis lative Commission on County Problems in Marion today Witnesses discussed a var iety of problems but the un derlying theme was lack of funds to carry out programs Officials from Williamson and Jackson counties said that the elimination of collection fees on taxes has resulted in annually increasing deficits Mary Nell Chew Carbon dale of the Jackson County Board said that the county has gone from a sur plus in 1970 to a de ficit now She said that increased state aid or costsharing for new programs could help solve the problem William Sinks Marion of the Williamson County Board spoke on the same problem and also discussed the con troversial Animal Control Act and the mobile home privilege tax Sinks said that if the county hasto build a pound to comply with the Animal Control Act the cost of setting up the pro gram could run to He also said thatadministra tion costs for the mobile home privilege tax would be more than the revenue collected Sinks also said Williamson County is losinf about a year in sales tax revenue because of one citys policy of annexing buildings not with in the city proper Certain businesses named indicated the city Sinks was referring to is Marion Also testifying today was Richard Carter head of the probation program in southern Illinois First Judicial Circuit He said that the counties can not continue to afford their local share to keep up the program Carter said that more state support is needed Counties are burdened with costs they have no means of covering Sen Karl Berning RDeerfield chairman of the commission said Berning said that all members of the county problems commission concur in the conclusion that the counties have been treat ed badly All the witnesses mentioned the problem of communi cations between the counties and the state legislature Area legislators sitting in on the hearing were Sen Ken neth Buzbee DCarbondale Sen Gene Johns DMarion and Rep Richard Hart DBenton proposes tax cut Washihgton AP Sen Hubert H Humphrey D Minn has joined two other key Senate Democrats in calling for an income tax cut to offset the impact of inflation and stimulate the economy through consumer demand Humphreys proposal came after Sens Edward M Kennedy DMass and Walter F Mon dale DMinn advocated taxes be cut by billionmainly through increasing the personal I exemption on taxable in come Humphrey did not specify how the tax cut he favorsshould be put into effect Meanwhile President Nixons chief domesticvaffairs adviser said the administration was not presently considering a tax cut Kenneth R Cole Jr in terviewed Sunday on NBCs Meet the Press said that a tax decrease at this particular point in time willinflame in flation rather than solve economic problems Escaped convicts accused in slaying of policeman Flint Mich AP Two escapedconvicts sought in connection withthe kidnap murder of a housewife in Wisconsin were arrested today on charges of killing a policeman who surprised them during a breakin at a gasoline station police said The suspects were identified as Joseph A Molonare 29 of Jackson Mich and Gordon L Stockenauer 26 of Lansing Mich They had escaped Satur day from a Magnum Prison Farm in Marquette Mich where they were serving sentences for felonious assault They were arrested shortly after the shooting of Patrolman Martin Chivas 23 a twoyear veteran of theTroy Mich force Thy bad been sought on first degree murder warrants for the shooting of Charlene Beaudin 33 Police said they abducted Mrs Beaudin after she left work Saturday from a Marquette restaurant and shot her early Sunday when she tried to escape across a field in Oshkoah Wis in explosion New York AP About 60 persons were injured today when an explosion ten tatively attributed to a gas ac cumulation in a commercial building rocked the East Side of Manhattan not far from the United Nations Three Asian diplomatic missions in the neighborhood and hundreds of sleeping residents were shaken by the am explosion which shattered windows for mocks around While firemen worked in the building an anonymous caller telephoned police and said a bomb was set to go off in the building Fire Commissioner John OHagan cleared his men out as a precaution OHagan said 59 persons had been taken to hospitals He said he saw about two dozen treated at the scene but did not know whether they were hospitalized afterwards The blast ripped the 26story commercial Structure and touched off a fire But the in jured persons were neighboring residents principally the dazed occupants of Envoy Towers a luxury apartment house ad joining the blast site ;