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View Sample Pages : Southern Illinoisan, April 08, 1974

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Southern Illinoisan (Newspaper) - April 8, 1974, Carbondale, Illinois PUBLICATION OFFICE Murphysboro Htrrin 710 N Illinois 1113 Walnut 212 N life ttNo a Copy 010175 I HOME OFFICE PO BOX 789 ILL 62625 Dilly Journil MONDAYAPRIL 81974 Marion prison faces suit By Wanda Barras Of The Southern Illinoisan A class action suit was filed today against Marion Federal Prison officials for the release of 50 prisoners from segrega tion and for million in punitive damages The suit was filed in federal court in East St Louis by the National Lawyers Guild and the National Prison Pro ject of the American Civil Li berties Union according to Michael Deutsch an attorney for the lawyers guild Associate Warden Fred Frey said prison officials had not received a copy of the complaint and without it it be difficult to com ment The suit claims segregation unit is being used to isolate and punish prisoners for re ligious and political beliefs Deutsch said The unit houses primarily Black Muslims prisoners of the Church of the New Song A multiracial religious group teaching harmony and solidarity between the races and jailhouse lawyers and pri soners active in petitioning Asks freedom of 50 from segregation punitive damages of million Another on prison page 3 Congress and the public for prisoners rights the com plaint alleges These men have been smgv led out and labeled dangerous or in need of special control and then without a specific charge or hearing or any ot her due process some guards placed them in the control unit the complaint contends While confined in this unit the men are kept in their cells on an average of 235 hours per day denies any rehabilitation or vocational opportunities prohibited from having any social interaction with fellow prisoners and forc ed to visit with theft1 loved ones over the telephone behind a glass said The men are confined to this program indefinitely with out any criteria for release land most of the approximately 50 men in the unit have been so confined for over a year and many as long as two or three years Deutsch said The complaint alleges the length and condition of con finment constitutes cruel and unusual punishment in viola tion of the Eighth amend ment Deutsch said Deutsch said the class ac tion suit has been filed be cause the prison has refused to apply a recent federal court judges ruling issued in the confinement of 36 prisoners for 18 months in the units for work stoppage participa tion He said Judge James L Foreman ruled Dec 6 that the confinement constituted cruel and unusual punishment and ordered their release The 36 men were partici pants in a July 1972 work stoppage at the prison Ori ginally 115 inmates were sent to the segregation unit for an indefinite but only 36 remained at the time of Judge Foremans ruling Deutsch said the control unit continues to operate des pite the clear implication of Judge Foremans ruling Deutsch said the complaint asked for damages for each of the 50 plaintiffs for the irreparable mental and physical damages done by the confinement The suitisbeing filed on the heels of hearings Thurs day and Friday at the prison by the Illinois Advisory Com mittee to the United States Commission on Civil Eights The hearings are part of a project to develop national standards for human and civil rights of prisoners in state and federal institutions Israel requests more US missiles i hJi Washington AP Israel has asked for more U S Shrike airtoground missiles for use against Syrian air de fenses Pentagon sources re port This request is viewed by eome military analysts as underscoring the seriousness of the situation developing atong the Golan Heights front Civilian officials indicate however they doubt Israel will escalate the present relatively low level of shooting unless the Syrians launch a major at tack While these officials do not rule out the possibility of a new Syrian offensive they tend tp view limited military action by Damascus so far as an effort to improve Syrias position for diplomatic bargaining to come They note that the Syrians Wants Shrike for use against Syrian air defense would lack the advantage of surprise that enabled tank forc es to drive back the outnumber ed Israelis atthe start of the October war When the Syrians struck last fall the Israeli air force took severe losses from Sovietmade antiaircraft missiles and guns until it was able to neutralize those batteries with the help of Shrikes and other airtoground missilesrushed from the United States The high explosive Shrike is designed to knock out the elec tronic eyes guiding antiair craft weapons by homing in on their radar beams In addition ip more Shrikes Pentagon sources say the radis want supplies of special bombs that dispense hundreds of pounds ofaluminum or metalized glass chaff to confuse radarguided antiaircraft mis siles and guns The Pentagon said last week that we are now close to the figure in equipment approved for supply to Israel with about twothirds of it al ready In authorizing billion in military aid for Israel late last year Congress said that President Nixon could go beyond billion only if he makes a special determination that it is in the U S national interest to do so Meanwhile defense officials say the newly announced agreement with Saudi Arabia calling for close economic arid other cooperation will nptjjg at the expense of the US rela tionship with Israel These officials describe King Faisal of Saudi Arabia as a principal moderating influence on other Arab countries They also credit Saudi Arabia with influencing other oilproducing countries in the Arab bloc tolift the embargo on the United States The new agreement with Saudi Arabia also speaks of co operation in supplying that countrys requirements for defense purposes Sail skating Eightyearold Laura Bald win of Dallas Texas experi wMi wind peww to her roller tkatw rtwnt ly AP Wilt photo Syrians shoot down an Israeli jet By the Associated Press Syria shot down an Israeli jet fighter over the Golan Heights front today and the two pilots who bailed out were captured in Lebanon the Lebanese Defense Ministry said Israel confirmed that thej plane went down but denied i that it was hit by a missile The1 Tel Aviv command said the jet caught fire apparently as a result of a technical fault It was the first Israeli plane lost over the Golan front since the October war The Lebanese Defense Minis try said the plane an Phan tom crashed in the Arkoub region near the village of Cheb ba only six miles north of the Israeli border The village is about 39 miles south of Beirut A Lebanese spokesman said the two pilots were picked up near the village of Kraibe about three milers west of Chebba He said they were safe but would not say whether they were being held Lebanon holds two other Is raeli Phantom pilots captured during the October war when they bailed out over Lebanon Syria said the plane was brought down when an enemy formation penetrated our air space over Mt Hermon It also said its forces battled all night with Israeli troops trying to overrun Syrian positions on Mt Hermon but Israel denied this Artillery and tank ifre blazed along the 40mile Golan front for the28th straight day Informed sources in Damas cus said Syrian delegates will leave for Washington within the next 48 hours for talks with Secretary of State Henry A Kissinger on disengagement with Israel on the Golan Heights Two weeks ago Kissinger had talks in Washington with Israeli Defense Minister Moshe Dayan on Israels disengagement views Firsf increase in minimum since J967 Nixon signs new wage bill Washington StarNews And Associated Press Washington Bowing to congressional wishes President Nixon today signed into law the first increase la the nations minimum wage since 1967 The measure cleared by Congress March 28 was vir tually identical to a minimum wage bill that Nixon vetoed as inflationary a year ago With his standing in public opinion polls near its alltime low and his very hold on the presidency threatened by im peachment proceedings Nixon apparently dared not risk a se cond veto of the wage legisla tion The law boosts the present Lending rate back atl973lshigh New York AP Bankers Trust Co of New York the nations seventh largest commercial bank an nounced today that it1 was rais ing its prime lending rate to 10 per cent reaching a record level set late last year The bank said the rise from 9tt per cent was dictated by the current lending rate formula which ties the banks prime rate to the cost of the shortterm funds which it needs to operate Those shortterm rates have risen sharply in the past week the bank said The move to 10 per cent by Bankers Trust follows the adoption of a 9 per cent prime by most major commerical banks last Friday per hour minimum wage to on May l to on Jan 1 1975 and on Jan 1 1976 The minimum wage for farm workers now 20 cents lower than that of other covered em ployes goes to now on Jan 1 and then rises by 20 cent increments to per hour by Jan 11978 The legislation extends mini mum wage guarantees for the first time to about one million domestic workers In addition coverage is ex tended to about seven million other wage earners including federal state and local govern ment employes retail and service workers motion picture theater and logging workers Most employes in this larger groupalready earn at east an hour but many of the na tions domestic workers pres ently receive less than the minimum wage In vetoing a similar bill last yearNixon predicted the in crease in minimum wages would force employers to lay off workers and thereby lead to an increase in unemployment His veto which was sustained i by the House last year did not result in any significant change in the wage legislation Adopted by Congress It merely gained the1 President a oneyear de lay Nixon signed the measure at his desk in the Oval Office with Secretary of Labor Peter J Brennan seated alongside In a White House statement Nixon said Although I have some reservations about por tions of this legislation its basic purpose to increase the mini mum wage for working men and women of this country de serves the support of all Ameri cans The bill contains only minor changes from the one Nixon vetoed It does not contain a youth differential Nixon wanted but it does liberalize the present law slightly on employment of students permitting theni to work parttime notmore than 20 hours a week at 85 percent of the regular wage floor Fire follows tornado at university v By theAssociated Press Fire raced through a floor of the student union building at tornadotorn Central State Uni versity in Wilberforce Ohio to day before being extinguished the Ohio National Guard re ported A guard spokesman said no injuries were reported from the blaze whichragedfor about 40 minutes The unionbuilding was one of the few on campus that was not severely damaged by a tornado last week Cleanup operations were halted in Brandenburg Ky Sunday while 1800 persons gathered in a school gymnasium to honor the 30 persons who lost their livesin the holocaust The scene was similar in other cities and towns scarred by the wiflia fury through 11 states andj claiming some 300 lives1 and causing uncounted millions of dollars in damage Heminders of thestorm were everywhere mass funerals for he victims disaster relief j centers to aid the estimated 16000 homeless shattered buildings In Brandenburg a single in terdenominational service for the communitys victims was set after local ministers and offi cials agreed a succession of services and funeral processions would add to the towns mis ery It would have prolonged the thing said County Judge James Greer And it wouldbe agonizing Three funerals were scheduled rfortodayan Xenia the hardesthit areas Two National Guardsmen were killed Saturday when a fire broke but in a tornadostricken fteGuard was using as 4 relief station for men assigned to night patrol The tornado death toll stood at Index Classified Comics TV Bridge Crossword Editorials Family living Farm Records Sports Weather details map 1M4 15 4 6 5 14 910 8 Continued cloudy oold this afternoon ing Fair and colder tonight with low in the 30s Mostly sunny Tuesday with highs ia the 50s Winds increasing to 20 or 30 mph tonight and Tuesday Nixon promises answer Washington AP The White House has promis ed an answer to the House Ju diciary Committees request for presidential tapes by the Tuesday deadline set by the committee but not with the tapes themselves White House lawyer James St Clair in a prelimmary letter made public by the committee today said he thought continued negotiations were necessary to settle the issues raised by the committees request Chairman Peter Rodino DN J indicating he did not expect St Clairs formal reply Tuesday to comply with the request scheduled a committee meeting for Wednesday or Thursday to deal with it Foreign role becomes big Watergate defense Washington AP The Nixon administration has elevated foreign policy into a major part of its Watergate defense maintaining that Nix of a weakened President because of Watergate and pos sible impeachment although Haig denied these matters were discussed directly ons continuation in office is considered essential by most world leaders The crucial role played by Nixon in insuring international m progress was portrayed by high frfident Nixon as an essential White House officials following Instead he said It was very evident that European leaders and world leaders continued to look to the United States and efforts to develop a structure for a stable interna tional environment Other officials told newsmen Nixons plane during the on the Presidents return from Paris Sunday Alexander M Haig Jr Nix ons chief of staff said the weekend in Paris for a memorretain from Paris that the world ial service honoring the late clearly want the Presi French President Georges I dent to stay m ofifce Pompidou was encouraging in According to several ways The first dealt with the impact many other this version international leaders feel a rapport with Nix on because they also have do mestic problems although of a different character Because of this empafty Nixon is admired for what they believe is his courage and is deeply respected because they say he continues to function ef fectively in world matters The meetings described by Haigand other officials in volved the chiefs of state of Japan France the Soviet Union West Germany Great Britain Denmark and Italy In addition they claimed that contacts with other governments clearly show a fundamental ap preciation for the importanceol a continuing strong U S leawdership IRS tracked opponentsWeicker Washington AP A secret task force to compile intelligence reports on Richard Nixons political enemies was set up inside the Internal Reve nue Service within months of Nixons becoming president Sen Lowell P Weicker claimed today Weicker RCpnn presented a documentary history of the spe cial unit to three Senate sub States and overseas the country obviously something Weicker said that by the time j smells Weicker said is a the special trait wasdismantled in August 1973 it had amassed intelligence files on 10000 American taxpayers which con tained 12000 classified docu ments the Connecticut Repub lican said Weicker a member of the Senate Watergate Committee produced other documents cial unit to tnree senate SUDproauceu imiei committees He also disclosed which he said showed the IRS a flood of new details on how he had been used repeatedly by jin mui that time to harass political op said the White House used gov ernment agencies to thwart its political opponents intfoe United ponents of theadministration provision of the American con stitutionalsystem Weicker read nonstop from a huge pile of documents many of them supplied by former White House counsel John W Dean III in a session which was virtually a repeat of the Watergate hear ings of last summer Earlier Weicker said detec tive Anthony T Ulasewicz pro bed the private livesof more than a dozen senators and other When that situation exists in political figures in 50 separate investigationsduring Nixoog first term Weicker sad he hasTobtained White House files showing the full scope of the activities of the former New York Ciiy detective who told the panel last summer his primary mission the White House was to probe alle gations of political dirt Weicker also said he has un covered White House memos showing the improper and perhaps illegal use of Actual tax return information both of in dividuals and of organiza tions ;