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Southern Illinoisan (Newspaper) - April 5, 1974, Carbondale, Illinois PUBLICATION 710 N Illlnali Murphyjboro 1113 Walnut Htrrin 212 N 16th Copy oisan IT5 ICf Two Sections j20 J Jobless rate dips Washington AP Unemployment dipped slightly from 52 per cent to 51 per cent of the work force in March the government said today It was the first decline in five months and raised hopes that the rise in joblessness that began with the Arab oil embargo may have topped out The Labor Department con sidered the drop of onetenth of one per cent statistically insig nificant but government ana lysts said the figures did suggest stability in the job picture The nations unemployment rate jumped from a low of 46 per cent in October to 52 per cent in January as the im pact of the fuel shortage spread through the economy It held steady in February at 52 per cent The Nixon administration had forecast a sharp rise in unem ployment in the first half of the year but with joblessness av eraging about 55 per cent over the full year Some private economists had predicted tha rate would top six per cent Panel would et curbs die Washington AP The House Banking Commit tee voted 21 to 10 today to post pone action indefinitely on any extension of wage and price controls thus effectively allow ing them to die April 30 The Senate Banking Commit tee already has killed efforts to extend the Economic Stabiliza tion Act which expires April 30 The Nixon administration ap parenfly had already given up hope of getting Congress to ex tend mandatory wage and price controls over health and isolated other industries It pinned its hopes instead on a bill heard by the committee today which would have ended controls but extended the life of the Cost of Living Council through the end of 1975 But most Republicans and many Democrats onthe com mittee expressed opposition to any extension of the Cost of Living Council even for a re search and monitoring func tion Although some committee members suggested that the committee come back later in the month to take a deeper look at the proposal by Rep J Wil liam Staniton ROhio to extend the Cost of Living Council the overwhelming sentiment on the committee was to get rid of both controls and the agency Council Director John T Dunlop called Rep William Stanton ROhio Tuesday to tell him the administration now found acceptable his proposal to keep the council alive as a jaw boning datagathering and dis seminating and agreement monitoring agency The controls would be ended under bill which Stanton introduced Wed nesday Marion prisoners testify Inmafe letters to lawyers found in trash witness says By 0 R Walley Of The Southern Ulinoisan Letters from inmates of the Marion Federal Penitentiary to their lawyers have been recovered in trash an inmate testified at civil rights hearing et the prison today George Sing Louie 23 and Larry Stead 29 were the first maximum security prisoners heard today by the Illinois State Advisory Commission to the U S Commission on Civil Rights in a twoday hearing at the prison Louie and Stead testified on the library legal services and access to attorneys Both said the law library is inadequate Stead said it is only available to inmates 21 hours a week Administrators have sum manly refused to let at torneys letters in to prison ers Louie charged He said mail between in mates and attorneys have been delayed He said a re gistered letter addressed to him and sent from Kansas City on March 25 arrived Thursday Louie also said some letters to attorneys have been found in the trash Eddie Cox 39 Leon Bates 31 and Kirkstey Nix 30 testi fied on visits mail and out side contacts Bates said he tried to get an area minister on his visitors list but could not Nix said if a prisoner wants to be transferred from Marion to another institution the quickest way is have mem bers of his family movfc to the Marion area He said the Definitely Interested1 Bakalis for SIUC Michael J Bakalis Illinois Supt of Public Instruction said today he would be in terested in becoming the next president of Southern Illinois University at he is not named Illinois Supt of Education under a new Il linois Board of Education Bakalis was in Southern Il linois today to meet with area educators I definitely would return to college life if I dont get appointed to the state post and am definitely interested in the SIU presidency said the former Northern Illinois University dean SIU offers an exciting challenge but my first desire is to be appointed state super intendent inmate wotild then be trans ferred within a week Bates said that visitors from Puerto Rico have only been given 30 minutes visiting time Inmates were to testify on educational opportunities pri son industries and job assign ments physical and mental health inmates groups and religion discipline and con trol Administrators were scheduled to testify later to day on health services cor rectional service education and prison industries Birthday giftloself freedom Robert Crum 37 may have walked away from the farm at Menard Penitentiary Thurs day so he could observe his birthday today in freedom Crum was admitted to the prison on Oct 18 1973 from Clark County for attempted murder He was discovered missing check A prison spokesman describ ed Crum as white malewith brown hair blue eyes 190 pounds and 6 feet 2 inches tan He was born April 41937 luccoMor to Carbondilt tnt frtit Hirrlfl Dillyr Journal Murpdytboro FRIDAY APRIL 51974 ILL By several on panel Clear violation seen in tax case By Philip Shabecoff c New York Times Washington Several members of the House Judiciary Committee are con vinced that Thursdays report on President Nixons taxes points to a clear violation of a consti tutional provision prohibiting a President from receiving extra compensation or emoluments sources close to the committee said This constitutional issue has now been referred to the com mittees inquiry staff the sources added The report by the staff of the JointCongressional Committee on Internal Revenue Taxation found that a number of federal expenditures during Nixons first term had benefitted him personally and should have been taxed as personal income Among these expenditures were in federal funds used to improve the Presidents private estates worth of purely cersonal airplane travel by the Nixon family and friends aind for a masqued ball given by his daughter Tricia Committee members were said to believe that these ex penditures go beyond the tax issue to pose a question of con stitutional propriety that was specifically avoided by the tax staff Article II Section I of the Constitution states The President shall at stated times receive for his services a com pensation which shall neither be increased nor diminished during the period for which he shall have been elected and he shall not receive within that period any other emolument from the United States or any of them The federal expenditures de scribed in the report as personal income constitute violations of the constitutional provision ac cording to legal briefs prepared for several members of the Ju diciary Committee the sources said These briefs were said to draw on the Federalist Papers and other commentaries on the Constitution to prove that the emoluments given to Nixon such as paying for his terrazo shuffleboard court were ille gal sources declined to the committee members who had raised this constitutional issue but indicated that they were referring to were Democrats The committee members were said to believe that by agreeing to pay virtually all the taxes specified in the staff report Nixon tacitly conceded that he did in fact receive additional personal compensation As soon as he signs that tax check he has walked teto a bear trap said one of the sources Nixon could avoid this trap but only by agreeing to reim burse the government for all expenditures designated as tax able income by the staff of the joint tax committee this official asserted Nixon could claim that he had believed these expenditures to be legitimate costs of admin istration the official said But he still would have to return the sums designated as taxable in come which could total at least judging by the staff re port Would not hesitate Stone would help Daniel Boone on guard A status of Kentucky fron tiersman Daniel Boone unscathed at the entrance ta Cherokee Park In Louisvilles eastern section The killer tornado which struck the area Wednesday afternoon made kindling of hundreds of trees AP Wirephoto times Shock fears and disbelief follow tornadoes1 violence Chicago AP One of President Nixons staunchest campaign con tributors says he would not hesitate to help Nixon pay his tax debt of if it becomes a burden Multimillionaire W Clement Stone president of Combined Insurance Co of America ad ded Manyother citizens will do the same for him Hes the greatest President of the United States ever The ofefr made Thursday however was turned down by the White House Deputy press secretary Gerald L Warren said he was sure the President would be grateful but he would pay his own debt Stone who contributed minion to Nixons presidential campaigns also headed e de fense fund for former Vice President Spiro T Agnew State taxes due too By the Associated Press I looked at it and wanted to cry said Kentucky Gov Wen dell Ford after he walked through the pile of tornadoleft rubble that had been Branden burg Gov George C Wallace brushing away tears rolled his wheelchair through a temporary shelter for Alabama homeless Its one of the most tragic times in our history he said The fury of a hundred torna does had rammed wide paths of destruction through towns and rural areas wiping out the work of generations Some towns were almost leveled In 11 southern and midwestern statesand Canada the Wednes day night series of twisters the worst in 49 years left at least 310 persons dead The injured totaled 4000 andj at least that many lost their homes The devastation was awesome damage seemed certain to climb past mil lion The force of tffe tornadoes was so intense that officials were certain they had not yet found all the dead Five states Kentucky Ohio Tennessee In Big cleanup begins Story on page 9 dfana and Alabama were de clared federal disaster areas by President Nixonand others were expected to join them The des ignation enables individuals and municipalities to get lowcost federal loans to rebuild Thousands of victims lost vir tually all they owned And for most who lived in the storms path life would not be the same again In XeniaOhio where 50 per cent of the town of 25000 was rediicedto scrap women sat on the streetsand wept Thursday They picked up little pieces of nothing blank stares on their faces The destruction the deva station is unbelievable said Vice President Gerald R Ford after flying over the area You can see where the houses were reduced to matches Twentyeight persons were dead in Xenia In Brandenburg Ky the deaith toll stood at 29 and was expected to go high er Brandenburg an Ohio River i town of 1600 shared he bombedout appearance of other towns hit by the vicious winds Craters littered with fragmented wood where houses once stood cars twisted like the refuse of a monstrous demolition derby a colonnaded town building reduced to a caricature of a ruined Greek temple Early today N a t i o na 1 Guardsmen paftroted ithe quiet town to prevent the looting of what little was left Guardsmen also were on duty im other sec tions of the state and in areas of West Virginia Ohio Tennessee Indiana and Alabama Kentucky reported 71 dead from the storms Alabama 72 Indiana 52 Tennessee 44 Ohio 35 Georgia 16 Ontario Canada 8 North Carolina 5 Michigan 3 Illinois 2 Virginia I West Vir ginia 1 Where is Shawnee Forest Springfield AP An Illinois tourism agency poll conducted in Chicago recently showed that more than half of those responding didnt know where Shawnee National Forest is A few of those polled thought the 237000acre preserve was in Arizona Its in Southern Illinois and 27yearold Tourism Director Michael Linderman has the job of making more state residents aware of the fact Were going to be doing everything we can this year to reverse the trend of having Illi nois citizens going to Michigan and Wisconsin for their vaca tions To do that we have to combat the image a lot of people have that Illinois is a lot of cornfields and Chicago Lin derman said One of the recurring themes in Gov Daniel Walkers state budget proposal for the fiscal year starting July 1 was to en courage IHinoisans to spend their vacation time and dollars in Illinois In 1973 the tourism publica tion Resort Magazine reported Wisconsin spent on print media tourism advertising while Missouri was spending and Minnesota on both print and broadcast advertising Illinois by contrast spent no money at all for that purpose during the same period Yet Illinois ranked fifth among all states in the amount of money it received from tour ism the magazine said Illinois claimed tourists spent bil lion in the state in calendar year 1972 while was spent in Wisconsin in Minnesota and in Missouri This year Linderman will go to the legislature seeking for advertising of which he plans to spend on retainiiing an advertising firm and the rest on securing broad cast time and print space With gas prices the way they are we think people are going to jump at the chance to travel close to home We just have to I let them know whats available in our state Linderman said Fair and colder tonight with frost likely low in upper 20s or lower 30s Sunny and warmer Saturday highs 6068 INDEX Classified 1317 Religion 5 Comics TV Bridge Crossword 19 Editorials 4 Family living Records 1718 Sports 1112 Wathtr 18 Californias top tax official says President Nixon is likely to be paying back state taxes for the sale of part of his San Cle mente estate State Controller Houston Flournoy a Republican told a news conference Thursday that California would probably col lect some state income taxes from the President A congressional report issued Wednesday said Nixon should have paid taxes on a capital gain of earned from the sale of part of the San Clemente property FJournoy said Nixon does not owe state income taxes on his presidential salary and other income But the capital gain on the San Clemente estate sale is income earned in California and subject to state taxes even if Nixon is not a resident of Cali fornia Flournoy said Yablonski knew too much Exaide testifies in Boyle trial Media Pa AP A United Mine Workers offi cial convicted of participating in the assassination of Joseph Jock Yablonski says the man who enlisted him in the plot claimed Yablonski knew too much about the affairs of the union and had to be knocked off William J Prater 53 one of the key prosecution witnesses at the murder trial of former UMW president W A Tony Boyle testified Thursday I was very shocked when asked to find somebody who might do it for Later Prater said he re cruited Silous Huddleston 65 also from LaFollette Tenn whom he described as a most trusted friend of mine Huddleston eventually hired the killers Huddleston said his boys would take care of the Ya blonski killing and he told about them breaking into a home and getting a pack of guns including a machine gun and rifles Prater testified One of Huddlestons boys was his soninlaw Paul Gilly 4 42 Cleveland Ohio convicted and sentenced to death for his part in the plot Huddleston has pleaded guilty Prater former field repre sentative of UMW District 19 was scheduled to return to the witness stand today to continue his direct examination by Spe cial Prosecutor Richard A Sprague The 72yearold Boyle is ac cused of ordering Yablonskis slaying and authoming in union funds to pay the hired assassins Yablonski his wife and daughter were slain Dec 31 1969 as they slept in their rural Clarksville home in southwest ern Pennsylvania Three weeks before the mur dere Yablonski lost a bitter battle to unseat Boyle as presi dent of the 200000 member union That election was set aside by a federal judge in 1972 and Boyle was finally ousted by the membership in new balloting near the end of the year He now is serving a threeyear federal term for illegal use of union funds ;