Page 1 of 4 Nov 1865 Issue of Smethport M Kean Miner in Smethport, Pennsylvania

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Smethport M Kean Miner (Newspaper) - November 04, 1865, Smethport, PennsylvaniaM Wlad sad a of a trip or Tutta 18 pubtl8flb0 Tkv Attr subscription paid i e ear. Boo each 6 times 3 5 0 transient have raining per Square 01 10 hues or 3 or fl6 it Inao Uon Reinfe of Btu Jap 0. Wet Jeb the exam me to say Wilb _ it top Barefoot with Chudt of tons with o of Earth i a yearly Auve 18 to m . Woo Stag 15 Irful one half Colueuy----s6 yearly advertising one column 60 Poi inn As it will Compline Ceniu of communication directly connecting with Washington Baltimore Bik Philadelphia. The completion of ibis Short line of Rord connecting with Roll nor Cury in successful operation will by this make be this Tuque o Vin Tju Philadelphia Ife Erie a ii any. 4u7 in Baltimore Vin 365 Miles null to 425 Wiiks. It has for its Noil ivc Stern terminus the most important commercial City on the great Chain of Inkes and for southwestern Ter mini Washington great commercial cities of Baltimore and Puiia Clebia connect Ling the lakes with the three in important Points. These connections nil give to the Bui Inlo and Washington Rai Why Superior for both Troug. Freight either Way. Buff Abw already an important railway Centre and the Gateway fora Large share o Tefend. Companies in a uns5p Idtse Totts do Roesti and Pter Posas it boffo do the Coal Arad of Ilia lakes bus Niobe Tkaiya doubled during Tea last tera Yea a and will by More Tom yeas i with the North end of the q Ceil Dainty what extent of ground is with veins or the of cobia Buffalo by the. Gas Ooran aay she smelting tie riot King Mills is about 060 tons unit Nallye the consumption of bituminous Coal of Gas in lie c tries of new York Brooklyn Jansy City Williams. Burg Hobo ceo and the cities on die. Eon River and Erie Conn in about 590, tons annually Iofe be Sieve very dec Side male portion of the for numinous con both for the East Rod the West m Well As that for Anthracite con for the West and be More cheaply supplied1 through the Fine of Buff Itlo and Washington railway than from any Post this Road penetrates the Emaj Teg Iona of Pennsylvania. Emporium is Fifoot Twenty Miles wittier a the a drifts Tif the to rent Coal Bobra and All around it North South East and West Are w Arvi veins of bituminous Coal in Gen Drums profusion. The following letter from Gideon j. Ball ewj., of Erie pa., under Date of september uth 3805, to William Wallace esq., Engineer in chief of the Buffalo and Washington railway Wil How the extent of the con i cads of Pennal Volnia and their importance to the Buffalo and Washington line of railway As is Tho City of Flo. So Roque cd to express an opinion hither in my Cefi me Supply Joel cum Foo ii is or Points f Sci Iceni of proofs fettle doubts on Iirth Zivin Milij him this equal Tii Fleace. In statement showing the lab Itira and resources of the Bounty fund of m Keats county up to May 8tb, 1805. Liabilities. Aro for Bonds issued Bleth 66 68. 4800 of interest payable in 65 at 6 per cent resources. Unseated of per cent. U 1b66 seated Tuet of ism 1865 deduct for Comra Insione exoneration total 1872 statement of the Volunteer belief fund fool offs. Liabilities. Ordera outstanding Jan. 1 1806 Honda 1j9j.oo in Viest on Rondo Eali Mote of expense e f or 1w 5 4 of Beao orces Ovet liabilities. Resit bees. From dulled quit collectors a Mwata for 1864 a 66, tuxes Tot 1864 by the 276.1t 2760.74 Tho Imp Lensa coi Mercs of More per cent. Of to eastward trove ment of Tyc surplus products of the ores West and Northwest press through these surplus productions Are being Nunu ally aug pouted Ket Ping Pace with its in creased growth in population which equal to fifty five per cent in each decade it is Al Reaty in important Point for Iron manufacture and is destined soon to be one of the most important in this Here the Coal the. Iron and the Limestone can meet Neh other More economically than in any other City in the Vaitoa. These advantages alone to bound insure the building of the Road. In addition to these advantages this line of railway passes through or near Large lumber districts Oil territory Anc immense Coal Fields much greater in extent than the Coal Fields of great Britain. Thus in View of the smelting works for smelting Iron and capper steel works cutlery and hardware works that Are springing up like magic All Over the West and Northwest and Canada West give Promise of a targe freight Todd nge Independent of the through freight and passenger business. All these works require bul which is now supplied from and West. The shipments of bituminous Coal from Erie and Cleveland to Lake ports East and West Are nearly six Hundred thousand tons annually and the Quantity is in ing augmented every year of theft coast Wise shipments of bituminous from these cities Bott tons were destined for the ports of Detroit Milwaukee and Chica go tons for Buffalo and the remainder to other United states ports and Canada. The imports of East if Coal into Are ibis tit a ten Iel Oil i beg to att sure you that the counties of Mckeun Elk and Cameion n bound to Bitu Inious coid. It a of snipe rior qua Lity. Forgas for steam Gene Retog for for locomotive fuel and for the manufacture of Iron. It w used exclusively by the p. E. R. E for locomotive fuel is largely used by the Northern Central Hilway for Thesa oae Pur pose. The coat Field in question is almost without limit. It a penetrated and made by the p. E. R. R. Along eur hic n extends for near fifty Miles perhaps More Buffalo is nearer Tia Coal Basin by several Miles Tenn Erie. The neatest Coal mice to Buffalo opened and operating i that of the Cameron Coal it is Distant from 113 Miles being East of Emporium three Drill s. The Cua veins already opened and t6be opened on the property of this company ate by their Engineer to contain 25 tons. They n re now shipping daily from their into pc about so tons of cont and say they can increase it to one ton and tons a Day. The mine of St. Mar a Coal company and Ibe sea want Eoal mine a Boston com Pany Are both operating the first named ship Obront 9 thousand tons a to onto while the slip smut sends to Market monthly about seven thou stood toot to companies named have a greater capacity to produce cob than their shipments indicate Bui a this Lime they Are not Able to procure cars to transport it. The St. Mary s Sha snut and Cameron Coal mines have not been opened a year yet they Are new enterprises. In addition to them there Are seven other companies organized and now engaged in opening or preparing to open Coal mines. This development May be regarded As remarkable especially when we reflect that the Philadelphia nod Erie Railroad was Only opened in october last 1864. It of Mic tidally certain that Many More com Laniea Viil be formed and mines opened it aunt be otherwise As the Region is Rich n Mineral Coal and it invites the investment of capital. Y Thero is no other coat Basin to year Buffalo and Rochester the one underlay no and enriching the. Counties of Mckean ilk and Cameron it is an important act not to be overlooked that can be reached by s Railroad not a Pensare to mild and that will forever hold an advantage by reason of its Light grades. I repent Thrift these Coal deposits Oft of at afferent Poynte of the lines of Tobej Iladel shia and Erie Oast and Vest f Emporium for fifty Miles and they extend f. Hundred and Twenty two Square raises will barely that it Isone. Of the Large basins composing ibis vast area Shaft is opened by the Coal to Nivea i have meet Jota de. To the by fico it a introduction of this Coal will be a Blessing. Fuel u As necessary As bread. They who shall be instrumental in opening the Way for a steady Supply will Benc Tao tors i the foregoing Latie shows eoacluarve5i that there is an abundance of at or near the tenant nos of the Buffalo and Washington railway at Emporium More than sufficient to a poly the wants of All the Lake regions for centuries to Cotaa. Bat As it Reserve in Case of still greater wants ruin Caa be furnished from the Coal District indicated by or. Bail the following letter to or. Wallace Foroi of. Jooss so civil Engineer of Philadelphia under Date of sell 11, 1865, will show Adad Dit ional Supply that will be furnished. To pass Over Ciguto Rales of the Buffalo and Washington Jinni any. Be says take the first to reply to your enquiries Raj native to the Cool Trade that can be brought o your Road from the mines in Ftfe can county Peb Sylvanin. A t a Point on Yip line eighty Miles from Buffalo Jou fire on the a Regbe by River at the to out of potato Creek Twenty Miles by the Valley of that Stream from what is known As the bitter Hill mines to that the total distance from the Coal to Buffalo is one Hundred Miles. The Twenty mites rest Trey to reach it from Lar Shefl is Over ground on which i have carefully located and prepared for construction a Kne of Railroad to connect the mines with the Jenease Valley canal. It is Seldom that ground Caa be found in any country better adapted to Railroad file. The 6 ret fifteen Miles has an average six feet penile. To Cost in construction a Mas Imam Grade of Twenty one feet per mile is used of the curve suture exceed three degrees sixty two percent line. Of the remaining five Miles the same of curvature is maintained but the Grade is increased to ninety fire feet per mile for three Miles. All the grades a in favor of the Trade to that the capacity of a locomotive will be limited Only by number of empty can she cud take no to the mines. Over the fifteen Miles she can haul 150, 5 ton cars and Over the up per sve tiles she can take the same num Ber in two trips so that by doubling the end of the Road a single Pogline can work Down 750 Toos of Coal in a run of fifty Miles. The graduation will require to e Ren Oval of cubic Yards of material to aver age distance of 400 feet very Little of it be ing Rock. The masonry will consist of 800 c. Yes 1st c. Yes. 2d class and 800 c. Yds.3d Haas. The bridging will require but two truss Bridges of 80 feet Span 1000 feet Lineal or Plain triggers and some open trestle work. From these items Yon ill perceive tha the wort is All of the very lightest character and can tie constructed at a very moderate Cost. Coal. The Best Coal Basin in Mckean county is penetrated by ibis line it surrounds red Mill Brook one of the branches of potato event a majority of Bat most of them undoubtedly exist pm area of several a known to prove to but their product can be counted by millions of1 ions and that for a practical purposes Tae Opp by Akita the Quality of be aai4 theft it is of the very Best it is remark Bly free from Sulphur and is unsurpassed for Blacksmith use. It Baa been tested for foe on the Youk Central Railroad and Pron to Erie Coal it yields 4 so cubic feet of Gas p6 Pound of very Superior goal Fly. Me of the veins cake very freely while others especially the larg est vein makes a Light open fire cars but slightly is an admirable Coal for Domestic use and would1 in no probability prove Good to the melting Furnace. With an ample Soppy of such fuel with in 100 Miles of Bufi Iilo it would seem that the citizens of that place should not be Long in reaching it certainly nothing could be More Beni to facial to their manufacturing and commercial nor of greater profit to the Road that carries it at the existing High rates of labor and materials of All kinds Coal from these mines could be placed in the care tit a Cost in no event exceeding 50 Fet too. A charge of three cents per ton per mile for transportation would make the total coat delivered in Futato per ton. Con be any that so Long As the. The. Mining and freight Are at such a figure the Buffalo Market would take 000 tons per annul at 6 50 per ton. This would give a Clear profit of per Wonnum on the Coal alone and would also furnish an income to your Road from Lara bees to Buffalo of a sum sufficient after deducting 60 per cent for work ing expenses to Over 1 per cent interest in the Trade Between pc. Than from brie or Tebesa facts to Irieta that the Wasli Eryb to from net better Terma than Erie. Tho weekly Ahi Pravata of my Cleveland Hara for Sereta weeks ing july. August and september j t 10 to tons and Ersa nearly More and the is mainly etched by of Saeta from Buffalo bound to Neatem Lauri Porto. Erie and Cleveland Are not pieces of Modi commercial importance aside from their Coal shipments and on their return Only go there for Balkan from and if that necessity Coo id be supplied Sec Buffalo they would not go there. From the Facto Hereinbefore tet Forth the following Are patiently 1st there a on ample Supply of bituminous Coal at the terminus of the Buffalo and Washiro an ores of Abou recently Otto the Interior of Penns Kania for in indefinite distance. You will ep4 from i am Creek and embraces acres. In the of course examinations Mode on a track that lays in part within this Cool had Opportunity to become intimately acquainted with its character and capacity for Coal production. These examinations consisted of drilling Wells Down from the tops of Tho ridges entirely through the Coal measures this cutting All the veins in succession in sinking shafts upon hem at various Points and opening drifts on them in the faces of the Bills. One of the welts passed through 21 feet 4 inches of Coal in six workable veins As follows at 21 feet Down 2 feet 10 inches Coal Art 49 feet 8 feet -1 Inch 87 feet 2 feet 2 inches Coal at 114 feet 3 feet 2 inches Coal at 132 feet j5 feet 9 inches and at 154 fert 4 feet 4 inches Coal. Two of the three foot veins were also is pose by shafting on them and drifts were put in on the 5 feet 10 Inch vein and on the 4 feet 4 Inch vein. The latter measures so the Drift 4 feet 11 inches. This vein has been Cut it three differed Points on a run of about three fourths of a mile and gives 4f. Loin ilia., 4in. The total thickness of Coal Cut in this Basin 1 yes will give tons of Coal to each with it. It u there fore evident that so Faff a Thuc Kana its on the of those 80 Miles even though its Cost be As High As two and a Balf millions. There is another View of this matter that May be of importance to your Enterprise a Hoathi Nailon of this Branch Road beyond the Coal 22 Miles Mill reach the Philadelphia Erie Railroad at Kaoe the entire Dionne being along an Unbro Ken Ridge to a Fitch w heavy grades Wil be required using 16 Miles of the p k. R. R. West of Kane the Tionesta Creek is reached at Sheffield. Down the Tionesta a very favourable route can be obtained to the Allegheny diver thence Down it to the Mouth of pit Bole and no to the Oil Wells the distance from p. Al r. R. Of 3? Miles making the entire line from Buffalo to pothole Welb 175 Miles with a Coal Field upon the Buffalo is very Little More than one Hund red Miles from an immense Cool Field which will be reached by the Buffalo and wish Egton railway. It in connection with the p. E. Railway penetrates the Anthracite Coal measures in the Shamokin Valley in the Vicinity of Sunbury. The distance by Thia. Railway from Buffalo to the bituminous Coal deposits will not vary much from that of the Pennsylvania Coal Fields from or the Ohio Coal Fields from Cleve and and by it the Anthracite Coal Beds Are Rought nearer to Buffalo than by any Othet Rontch of communication either by rail or water or both combined. This course of this line of railway from Buffalo to Emporium is Flery direct follow ing the valleys which All run in nearly the same direction. The Grade tines Are a favourable for the Trade. The demand for supplying the Gaa companies at the East and that of Buffalo for Domestic and manufacturing purposes can be More cheaply furnished from the mines penetrated by the Buffalo and Washington railway than from Cleveland or Erie As the margin of Lake freights from those ports to Buffalo would be against them. The wants of the West can be supplied from Buffalo at cheaper prices for the Anthracite and at As cheap or cheaper prices than from Cleveland or Erie for the bituminous Coal Buffalo being the Western terminus of the Erie canal receiving Between fifty and sixty per cent of the in Puls products of the West and Northwest. Moved eastward to mar has and extensive Lake commence but not an evenly balanced Trade As the urge fleets of vessels arriving from the weat come with fully Laden and three fourths of them return with Nona. The Coal will Supply this deficiency in Tho balance of traded the Buffalo Board of Trade report for 1804 states that during die navigation season for hat year Vea Aeja of All Way. At or very near Emporium Only 113 from Moffate. 2d. That when the Branch Road is boilf1 to the banker Hill Coal mines and additional Supply of Coal will be furnished for Market which will pass Over 80 of this railway to Boffato. 3d. Anthracite Cool Bury and Shamof Cin Valley a by the Buffalo and Washington and p. E. Rail Waya nearer to Buffalo either by rail of water or both combined than any Ether Anthracite Coal Deposit. 4tb. The demand for Coal at Buffalo for Domestic use and manufacturing Karposka for supplying the commercial steam Marine and the railway engines and for the ship ment East and West can be Mote cheaply furnia Bej than from any other Point 5th. The opening of this Region of Mono try by a railway connection with Buffalo will be of untold Benefit go the manufactures Trade and Commerce of Thia City. Is will make an additional Market n plying Tho mining districts with and provisions and in return will make a Market for the Coal mined and the lumber manufactured. 6th. It will form another important link connecting the Commerce of the lakes with Liat of the Ocean affording a direct route to Philadelphia Baltimore and Washington. With these in prior advantages for freights and passengers to and from three Large sea Board Artias with an Meshar Otilta Supply of Coal and the ability to Amish pc to both the East and the West cheaper than any other Point this Road bids Feir to be one of the Best paying railroads in Tho country. Had such in Portal considerations been presented to the citizens of Chi Cago Cincinnati or Milwaukee affecting tha. Growth and welfare of their respective cities the to build the Road would have been raised in an evening or at an Bour meeting on Buffalo Baa waited and continued to wait for something to turn while she Baa been waiting the p. E. R. R. Bus been completed to secure a portion of the Western Trade for that Road. There have been two cargoes of Anthracite Coal recently received Here from the Shamokin Valley via Erie while Tho same cos i is considerably nearer to than it is to Erie. Buffalo for want of the improvement of Tho facilities incident to her position is annually paying a Bonus in tha augmented Cost of the fuel consumed equal to which if continued for yeas will amount to a sum Rhonl to the Cost of building and equipping this Road. Awake thou that steepest and have mercy on the poor and thy pockets and consider what is necessary to enhance thy Prosperity give health to thy pockets and Blessing to All in an abundant Supply of cheap fuel. Classes arrived at a Fialo having a tonnage of tons and 7447 vessels cleared having a tonnage of tons. For want of retard cargoes Many of these ves Sels go to Erie or Cleveland for Coal sail. The firm of Bener Burgess Erie City continue to keep their Trade before the Public. They advertise extensively an4 Well Thoj May for it is impossible to a better Stock of goods to their line in Tia Section of the country. They Are largely engaged a the manufacture of All kind of confectionary and dealers will find to Etc goods to be of the Best Quality 4od most Saleable kind. They also keep constantly on hand an assortment of Orn Ngea Nuta for egg and Domestic canned Enrita picked oysters their notion and toy depart eat eat Faeo All the Small wares in daily age. Paying particular attention to the wholesale Trade and buying in tag tots enabled to Supply Deavera at fewest Cash orders promptly add carefully sled. The Moss Elm and cough Candy Coa Linnca in demand. The wholesale Price per Gross has been reduced giving toe retailer a larger mar a Southern journal contains tin Frohow ing advertisement wanted at Thia office a Journeyman who Caa do press and Job work is a Union Man believes in the existence of a god and Don t drink whisky. To such a Man steady employment awl Good wages Wal be

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