Page 1 of 23 Dec 1865 Issue of Smethport M Kean Miner in Smethport, Pennsylvania

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Smethport M Kean Miner (Newspaper) - December 23, 1865, Smethport, PennsylvaniaIs Pabli Abb by but by trek econ coed nor a. Office West Side of Public 6qtjake. Rattes Rand cuing any null operated by Vliem. 1 Lek of 1 a14--Ienueb 1 Kain at Wilcox a leave East wind. Erie mall train _ 7 55 a. N Kyle express train .7 20 p. M leave Westward. Erie Mai train 12 j6 p. M Erie express train 10 45 p. M i Awn or Cam run through on the Erie Mil Neil trains Witkow to change both ways Between mud Krie. Kew York . Leave new York at c p a arrive St Erie 3 37 leave Krie at i 65 p. F., arrive at new Yorac 1 6i p. M. To change off care Between cabs on All might trains Vor passenger business Aii ply at Corner of and Market phils and for freight a Noiem of the company1 i n. Kingston jr., Cor. 13ui and Market 6ts. J. W. Reynolds. Erie. We. Brown. Agent s. C. R. R. Baltimore. H. Ii. Hin Stom freight att. Titica. Gru l tact t Phyfa. H. W. Cwinski a. L. Gnu l sup t. .9. Liuia Aupart. Finbx1b Lyon Boti Doran Strote that then Tho to the e a Blind Art Ali 1. Hureh Ila Ebline to git ii faction thin Olber to Market or i tinny refund fail. 2. They Imp Yukou of the my unset is virus the Anil Bem in hip uni id 5. They nuke on both ii Thiafi than half the thread and Oil nth Tel id the of the Mitch and kid Kip thread hit Binea. 4. Tuny Are to Ltd Widett in go of and Light twit la. 6, the Bovo to rattling or delicate attach to get out 6. Tier require no using apart to clean or nil and do Needle regulate tet Ablon or operate Macbane 7. Out new Manuelc Tarling much Jne in pipe Clalla duped to shoe fitting Tail Nrang fee. And it not equalled by an machine in Marbet Pleat Call an4 Etar Olne Derrow morale for loaf or add fur Cit cd Wjk with Laople. Of Lew log. N. Rameil. Tui Kathi 8, m. Co., 9-m no 538 vow Tomt. Agents wanted to to ufos the new steel engravings of Mowton Early Babyb 08 Wajn Tentoni a. For Zograph of raft it Tuitt or Alton Pic Tarti at greatly reduced Proeu. Is special terms to disabled Bol dieb8. Seed bar with Wraa to. 9qem Jaenett v 9. 600 Blank at toe the Revenue system of the country is a subject of vital interest to its Honor and Prosperity find should conic and the Ecra of tha Secra tary of the Treasury will Lay before you full sad detailed report of the receipts and disbursements of the last fiscal year of to first Quarter of the Presque sacs year o the probable and spend items of the other three quarters and the estimate for the year following the 30th of Jun 1866. I might Content myself with a few Erece to that report in which Yon will Fin All the info Rontino required for your deliberation and decision. But the prs Mono importance of the subject to Tressen itself on my own mind that 1 cannot but Lay before you my views of Ibe measures which Are required Fot the Good and night also any for the Eutence of Tobii people. The life of a Republic lies certainly in the Energy virtue and intelligence of its citizens it Jug True but n Good Revenue is lilo of and organized govern Roant i met t you at a time the has voluntarily burdened iut of with k debt unprecedented in our in nails. Vast us is its , it fades Nwa Yinto nothing when compared with the countless blessings to Iii will be conferred upon on country Siml upon Rann the preserve Jitian of the nation s life. Now on the occasion n the meeting of Congress since the it turn of peace it is of the utmost importance. Inning rate a Juet policy which a Bill once be put in motion and which Ehn itself to Trio a who come i Flor us or its continuance. We must item it nothing less Linn the Complete Effic Crogent of the Fin Meul tent followed n state of civil we must Endeavor to apply the Perl left remedy to the deranged state the Curren and hot from devising n Lich without oppressive to in the a Ghi ill immediately begin to a reduction of the debt and if persisted in discharge it fully within a Denci Tely fined number of years. It is our first duty to prepare in Earnest for on recovery from the Ever increasing of in irredeemable currency without a Midden revulsion and yet without untimely procrastination. For tent we must each in our respective positions pre the Way. 1 bold it the duty of the executive to insist upon frugality in the expenditures and a sparing Economy is itself a great National resource. Of the bunks to which authority Baa been Issue notes secured by Bonds of the United states we May require the greatest moderation and prudence and the Law roust be rigidly enforced when its limits Are exceeded. We May each one of us counsel our a live and enterprising count Myrnen to be constantly on their guard to liquidate debt contacted in a paper currency Ond by conducting business As nearly As on a system of a Nib payments or abort credits to hold themselves prepared to re turn to the Standard of Gold and to Aid our in the prudent management of their monetary of fairs the Fotz devolves on us to diminish by Law the amount of paper Money now in circular Tion. Five years ago the Bank note circulation of the country amounted to not much More than two Hundred millions. The simple statement of the facts recommends More strongly than any words of mine could do he necessity of on restraining this expansion. The gradual reduction of the currency is the measure tent can save the of the country from disastrous Ca Ami ties and this can be a most imperceptibly accomplished by gradually funding the nations circulation Bee securities that May be made redeemable at the pleasure of the government. Our debt is doubly first in the actual wealth and still greater undeveloped resources of the country end nest in the character of on institutions. The most Otell Igent observers among political economists have failed to remark that the Public debt of a country is Safe in proportion As its people Are free that the debt of a Republic is the safest of nil. Of history confirms and establishes the theory is i firmly believe destined so giver in n still More Ignal illustration. The Becwel of Tow superiority the notional obligation Are distributed More widely throng in countless a Tibere id Ell losses of society it to its roots a character of Lori awl. Her of tue con Tribote w she Public and bestir their fair share of the ral history and Njo Rosaio ranges of that Region during the. War under the imps Lea of the Zebof Tho great body of to without regard to sheif own con Parave want of wealth thronged to on Artiea. And filled oar seats of War. And Nek themselves ready to offer lives for the Public Good. Now in their turn the prop erty and income of the country should their just proportion of the Biden of Taza Tion while to our impost system to rough Means of which increased vitality is Loci dentally imparted to All the Industrial inter ests of the nation the duties Sho Lii be it lusted As to fall Moat heavily on articles of luxury leaving the necessities of life As free from tax nation a the absolute wants o the govern Jenot economic Ohy administered will justify. Should de mind Freedom from assessment and the taxes should be so distributed As not to fat unduly on the poor but rather on the acc mule cd wealth of the country. We Shouh look at the notional debt just As it not As it National Blessing but As a heavy b Den on the Industry of the Coaklry to. Be without unnecessary delay. It is estimated by the Secretary of the trea sury that the expend Itu res for the Fisca year ending Ibe 80th of june 1865, will Recd the in Ceil s 11 it is Gratifying however that it is also Emit Mnew be Revenue for the rear ending the Soto of june 1867.will i acc eur the in the sum of this Amon not or Roi Nuth As my be deemed Sui Licien for the purpose Matiy be Applit Dio the reduction of the Public debt a bib on the 31st any of october 1865, was every reduction will diminish the total amount on interest to be paid an j to to Inge the Means of still further reductions until the whole Small be liquidated and this As will be seen from the estimates of the Sucre try of the Treasury May be accomplished y a Nouita Fri Trio a period not exceeding thirty years. 1 Ihne Faith tent we buil do nil this Wilbin a reason Abr time tent a we Bave amazed the world in the suppression of r civil War Iii be was thought to be beyond the control of any government so we will to Sunlly t superiority of our by the prompt and faithful discharge of our a Ionel obligations. The department of agriculture under its present direction is much developing and utilizing the vast Agri cultural capabilities of the country and for a formation respecting the detects of its reference is Trade Ito the Tarn Una report of the commissioner. 1 have dwelt thus fully on our Domestic affairs been Csc of their to ascendant importance. Under any circa on great of territory and variety of to reducing almost everything that a Necea iary for the wanta and even the comforts i Man. Make tin singularly Independent of be in dying policy of foreign and o protect As against every temptation to while is the prompt be re Stablin Kenil of Harmony Wail be a stir beat Security Ugai Fulst who fee a Jer 8tndu forget for myself it has be eff and it will be my aim to promote peace and. Amity with nil foreign Nationn and Powers and i have every treason to believe to flt they All without re caption Ore animated by the disposition. Our relations Wilb Ibe emperor of Chine so decent in their origin Are most Friendly. Our Commerce with his dominions a receiving new developed and it is vary pleading to find that the of that great Empire Mem festo satisfaction with our policy and repo is just conf Deaca in the Fetn Sasa wac ice Marla oar Effite Ronrad. The mrmosh the United slate and the emperor of Suapaia is receiving a new support from a Enterprise designed to carry telegraphic uses across the continent of Asia through Bis ions and so to connect As with All Europe by a new Channel of Intercourse. Our com Merce with South America is about to receive by a. Direct line of Moil steamships to inc rising Empire of Brazil. The distinguished party of men of Tunia his Well known he enu Fol Waed of Wasabi Ogrod to Marc Tomera with the Rich countries the Border the Mediterranean Sera it for be increased. On the part of Ofeia government to Estem the Protection of oar fellow citizens. Receive from the Powers in that Region ass Arauso of Good end it is worthy o note a special envoy Gas of condolence on the Deaibe of our late chief magistrate from the Bey of Tunis whose Rule includes the old dominions o Carthage on the african coast. Our Domestic contest now happily ended has left some traces in our relations with one at of the great Powers. The formal accordance of belligerent rights to the insurgent Stata was unprecedented and has not been justified by the Issue. But in the systems of neutrality pursued a the Powers which made that there was a marked difference. The a serials of War for the insurgent states were furnished in a great Mea Enre from to workshops of great Britain British ships manned by British subjects and pre pared for receiving British armaments sniped from the ports of great Britian to make War on Teie rican under the shelter of a commission from the Asur stated. These ships having once escaped from British ports Ever afterwards entered them to every part of the world to refit and to to renew their depredations. The consequences Oft is conduct was most disastrous to the states then to rebellion increasing their devolution and m scr or by Tho prolong in Over the fied to a great extent to drive the american Flag from the sen and to Transfer much of our shipping Aad com Merce to. The very Power whose subjects Tad created the necessity for such a change. These events took place before i was called to the administration of the govern ment. The sincere desire for peace by which i bad animated red me to approve he proposal already made to submit the questions which bed thus Arisen Between he two court rates to these questions Are of such moment tha1 hey most have commanded the attention of the great end Era so interwoven with the peace and interest of every one of to have insured an impartial Deci Sion. I regret to inform Yon that great Britain declined Ibe arbitrage it butt on he other hand invited us to the formation of a joint commission to Settle Mutual Inions Between the two countries from which those of the depredations before mentioned should be excluded. The proposition a that very unsatisfactory form. Ice been declined. The United states did not Preot this object As an impeachment of the Good Alth of a Power which was professing the most Fri idly dispositions but a involving of Public in of which the set Lemert is essential to the peace of a nation find although pecuniary reparation to their a Jared citizens would have followed Inci Lent Fly of a decision a gains steal Britain compensation was oot their primary they had a higher motive and it was in the interests of peace and Justice to establish important principles of International Low. The Eor Respondence will be laced before Job. The ground of which the British min ister rests he justified tips is substantially Bat the mom Cipal Law of a nation and the Domestic interpret Atins of that saw Are the measure of its Doty As a Neta Trai and i feel to declare my opinion before you before the world Tot that justification cannot be sustained before the tribunal of Tationa. At the same time i do not advise to any present attempt at redress by ac4s of legislation. Of the Fotara Friend hip Between the two count Rico most rest on the basis of Tancoar jts stick. From the moment of the of oar free Constitution the civilised world so been convulsed by Rev Loo on to Teresta of democracy or of monarchy it through All those revolutions the uni de states have wisely nod firmly refused mat of european Power and of the United states mow of the invasion o be the interest o Roo Catchy. Prevailed my predecessor Bave Tad Oce Aaion to announce be views of this notion in respect to Aach off both occasions the remonstrance o the United stairs was respected from b deep conviction on pert of the euro Pean governments that Esse system of non interference and Mutual abstinence from propagandist wa8 the True Rale for the two miss Hera. Since those times we have advanced i wealth and. Power but we re turn the same purpose to Genvo the nations of Europe to choose thei own dynasties and form their own system of government this consistent moderation May justly de mind a corresponding moderation. W should regard it As a great calamity to ourselves to the cause of Good govern meat i and to the peace of the world should any european Power cd avenge the american people As it were to the defense of republicanism against foreign interference. V we cannot foresee and Are unwilling to consider what opportunities might present themselves whet combinations might offer to protect Oor Selvea against designs inimical to on form of government. The uni Ted states desire to act in the future Ai they have Ever acted heretofore they Wil never Fea driven from that course but by the aggression of european Powers one we rely on the Wisdom and Justice of those Powers to respect the system of non inter Ference which has so Long been sanctioned approved itself to both continents. The correspondence beige Etythe United slates ob-1 France in reference to question3 which have become of discussion Jec Ween the two governments will at a proper time be Inid before Congress. When on the organization of on government under the Constitution the pres Dent of the United state delivered his inaugural address to the two houses of con Green he said to them and through them to the country and to Mankind that the preservation of the sacred fire of Liberty and the destiny of the Republican Model of government Are justly considered As deeply term inn As finally staked on the Experiment at tested to the american Aud the House of representatives a were Washington by the voice of Madi son t we adore the invisible band which ins led the people through to Many difficulties to cherish a conscious re possibility for the destiny of Republican More than seventy Sis years have lived away since these words were spoken by United states have passed through be o Erer trials than were foreseen and now this new epoch in our existence As one nation with our Union purified by sorrows and strengthened by conflict and established y the virtue of the people the greatness f the occasion invites us once More to re Wilh solemnity the pledges of our Albers to hold ourselves answerable before nor Fellowmen for the Success of the re pub can form of government. Experience 5w proved Ita sufficiency a and in War it has vindicated its Otho Rity through dangers and afflictions old end Den and terrible emergencies which would have crashed any system that had teen less firmly fixed in the pc Earth of the people. At the inauguration of washing lao the Foi eiga relations of the country were few and its Trade was repressed by hostile Depuit tuna now All the civilized our Commerce and their oven Wnenta profess towards Amity. Then our country Felt Ita hesitatingly along a untried a Nib with stereo to lit tie bound together by rapid Meam of communication As to be know to one soother and with historic ing Over very few years 009 Marc Lorna Between too it Swift Baaij it mate the of centuries has been crowded into a few generations and Baa created an intense National key. Then oar jurisdiction did not teach beyond 4fea Swo dams of sea within four veaf3b Tum Ibe general Ruberd Eriend on of All people Tiia oar the great tend of free is blessed with the country is own rinse own i own dignity one the free use of Bis faculties and of activity As a natural the combined influence of a a fruit isl dimes Popa has increased fifteen fold within it Here through the easy development bout ideas wealth has with two fold greater Ben to that the financial Vicissitudes of and alike to Baa mess and a opinion self centred and truly Independent More and roor6 care is Given cation for every one bom on the Here religion released from political con Section with the civil be Fiona to Subserve the Craft of statesmen and be comes in to Independence the spirited life of the people. Here toleration a extended to every opinion in tie quiet certainty that truth needs Only a fair Field to secure tha Tetory. Here the human mind goes Forth unshackled in the a omit of science to col act stores of knowledge and a quire an or increasing Mastery Over the forces of nature. Here the National Domain a. Offered and held in million of separate free holds so that on fellow a teens beyond the occupants of any other part of constitute in reality 8 that form of government by the conf Aida of european statesmen gives a Power of which no other Forita is capable because it. Incorporates every Man the awl rouses everything that belongs to where in Pnat history does a parallel sex St to the Public happiness which a within he reach of the people of the United where in any part of the Globe can unions be bund so suited to their habits r so entitled to their love a their own free every one of them thar n whatever part of the land he has Bia one most Wuh its perpetuity. Who of hem nil not now acknowledge in Jthn words of Washington that every step by which the people of the United state base do fenced to the character of 09 i depend of nation Aee Nuto have been distinguished y some Token of providential Agency t who will not join with me in the Pray int the inv Giro hand which fans led to trough the Clouds that groomed around or path will so guide us Onward to a per act restoration of fraternal Alft Cajon. That of Thia Day May be Able to transmit on great inheritance of state govern entry ii their rights of the of neral Oover Ament n its whole co Titu tonal vigor 9 on pos and they to theirs Tho orb count Tea. General ions. Andrew Rolinson. December 4, 1865. A month ago there was a fierce Between two rival Bumin boat nes on the James River. They pin the rices so Low to each Paev both Ere destroyed Ami Bow a Shird party ome in Aad end bus quiet Possession of All the profit Este business of riven. Hogarth after Norfi a Prience to paint As men Aad Omeo Wege never saus fied wifi Pictor of hat painted then truthfully Bud be ared that whoe Teir would acc eel ranch must adopt the Meda d in one of any s au4 ties of All who Ait to Nirav the number of factories now at work a Bond per and ninety three and the Goa Ortity b Posada. Too department of the beetroot and Fael the Roth Bike enc adj with the produce. It a Well to Hose who coma after the Moo who threw a barrel a 4 coach table who bin. A

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