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The Sandusky Star Journal (Newspaper) - May 15, 1911, Sandusky, Ohio THE HOME DAPER. TODAY'S NEWS TODAY THE SANDUSKY STAR-JOURNAL. FORTY-FOURTH YEAR SANDUSKY, OHIO, MONDAY MAY 15, 1911, LAST EDITION NUMBER 185 HIGH till HITS Decision Not Unexpected, But i s Far-Reaching and, Following The Gompers Labor Decision, Makes Day Notable In Country's History. WASHINGTON, Ch May 15-The supreme court late today held the Standard Oil organization to be in violation of the Sherman anti-trust law, case ever taken befoie the highest coiirc. The case had its inception in the i filing of a bill of compla'-il in Xo.em- ber, 1906, before the circuit court for Decision rendered by the supreme court affects the biggest busi- ness combine in the United States, and, indiiectly. ntaily a hundred oth- er business combines, modelled on the same lines. the eastern district ot .Uisscvii ,1.5. i .a it is the culmination of a legal bat- 143 corporations and seven inda id- tie which has been fought all over the uals on the ground that thej weie a country for four and a half v ears. At- 'combination m restraint of trade torney Geneva! Wickeisham declared I and therefor? violating the Sherman anti-trust law. John D. Rockefeller, Win. G. Rockefeller, Henry H. Rog- ers, Henrj M. Flagler, Oliver H. Payne and Charles II Pratt were among the individuals made diefend- PRESIDENT AND HIS CABINET DISCUSS SITUATION IN MEXICO MEN WHO MADE NEW EPOCH IN SOUTHERN REPUBLICS HISTORY. it to be perhaps tbp most important President Taft and his cabinet are giving much attention to the situation in Mexico, and what attitude the Unit- ants by the suit. ed States should take toward the revo- For nearly two years prior to the lutionists.OiTthe left side of the ta- flling of the s'lit government ble reading from left to right are Contempt Action Against Sam- uel Gompers and Others Is Dismissed. WASHINGTON, May ion labor won the greatest legal victory in its history when the United States supreme court to- day ordered the dismissal of the case wherein President Samue! Gompers, Vice-President John Mitqhell and -Secretary Frank Morrison, of the American Feder- ation of Labor, had been sen- tenced for alleged .contempt .of court. The contempt proceedings grew out of the refusal of the th'. ee men to obey a court injunc- t? n prohibiting them from furth- 4 ,'boycotting the Bucks Stove ,f (ange Co., of St. Louis. The Jourt held that the contempt was .ipf a civil, not a criminal nature, i Sand could have been punished i 'only by a fine and not by a jail l( sentence. The prominence of the peisons in- volved as we'l as the magnitude of the issues raised Combined to make the "labor contempt" cases ot great- ei public interest in some wajs than any litigation befoie the supreme court since the famous Dred Scott court erred in compelling non-resident ease. corporations and individuals to ap- The principals in tho suit weieipear at St. Louis: in over-ruling the Samuel Gompers, prpsident, John plea of the defendants that the court Mitchell, vice-president, and Frank j had no jmisdiction, in finding that Monison, secretaiy, of the American i The 19 corporations absorbed by the Fedeiation of Labor The issues, as I Standard of New Jersey in 1S99 were embodied much of this evidence. It 'Ttrovered 220 closely printed pages, and purported to er, e a histon cl the growth, of the "oil from its in- ception in 1876. The issues in the case were of such magnitude, and the resume" of facts expected to be pioved by the govern- ment so voluminous that the court appointed a master to take the testi- monv Over two years was spent in this task. were examined pll over the country. Frank B. Kel- logg the government's attornev, andi opposing him was Moritz Rosen- thai, who was reputed to have been paid for every day he appeared in court. There were four or five other legal assistants. At the actual trial, before the cir- cuit court, the trust was represented by John G Johnson, of Philadelphia, and John G Milburn, of New York, two of the greatest corporation at- torneys in the country. Kellogg ar- gued in behalf of the government On November 20, 1909, the court sustained practically every contention made the government, adjudged the combine a trust in the restraint of tiade, and reading the Sherman law ordered the absolute dissolu- tion of the combine By its decree the ry the table are Secretary Knox, Secre- j of the insurrection, who are from left General Wickersham, Secre-j tary Dickinson, who now retires, Post- Secretary Wilson _ and master General Hitchcock and Secre- VJCI1' Secretary Nagel. On the right side of tary Fisher. The lower picture shows the leaders to right: General! Orozco, Francisco I Madero, Jose Garibaldi, Haonl Madero and Francisco Gon- zales. May Adjourn Wednesday In the Hope of Securing Confes- sion After Trial. BURNS WILL BE ON HAND Lawyers Now Argue That Sen- ate Committee Can Hear Vol- untary Witnesses Only, 'COLUMBUS, May the re- "holrling the Standard Oil suming of the grand jury piobe into MRS. TAFT IMPROVING! TALK CAUSES A STIR ination to the subject, the govern- ment employes aie permitted to com- bine and have associations for their betterment, but the proposition now is that such combinations should be allowed to affiliate with trades union organizations made up of the em- _ of private employers, and to Before leaving for Washington Presi- uae the same methods in securing NEW YORK. May 15. After spending an anxious night at the bedside of his wife, President Taft left at 10-08 today for Washington being assured that Mrs. Taft, suffered a- nervous collapse after who would probably have an uninterrupt- ed recovery. She passed a quiet night. dent Taft had a talk with Henry L. Stimson, newly appointed secretarj of wai, and gave him until next Mon- of New Jersey, was enjoined from voting the shares of stock in any of the companies controlled by it, or irom teceiving any dividends there- from. Fiom tie decision, the oil trust the legislative boodling today it was generally understood that the juiy will adjourn Wednesday until after- some of the indicted legislators can be tiied This will be done with the F-..1endei rights of free speech, a fiee and the The case giew out of a boycott be- ginning with a strike of metal pol- ishers in the plant of the Buck's Stove and Range Co at St. Louis, August 29, 190fi The stove company appealed, alleging 66 eirors in the de- expectation that as soon as some one Briefly, these were that the can be convicted the rest will probab- ly come foiward with confessions that will gieatly facilitate the futuie work of the grand jury. Detective W. J. Burns today sent word that he will reach here tomor- row to be present at the trials of the indicted legislators. He had expected bur delaved thp. Uhen competitive- in finding that the 7 to arrive ttrttay press, Individual defendants in the ten years' New York. IE- are the prior to 1399 had acquired competing Legal authorities practically companies to suppress competition; j agieed that all testimony before that the subsidiary companies in the J senate immunity committee must be combine were entirely controlled by voluntary. This attitude questions the parent corporation, and that an I the committee's power to grant im- exchange of stork for an interest insisted on maintaining an "open a single corporation was illegal, shop" and refused to accede to the j The case was first aigued befoie the union's request for an eight hour supreme court last spring The high- ia j munity. Members have indicated no authority of the committee desire to test its day. The The de-cision of thp Ohio union thereupon instituted a boycott, and, being affiliated with the American Fed-eiation of Labor, short- ly afterward socured the aid of that est tribunal then only included eight court bearing most directly active members, because of Justice Moody's illness, and shortly after the arguments, only seven, through the death of Justice Brev. er. Because vast organization in their fight. In i this was not a full bench the court March, 1907, the Federation voted to ordered the cases re-submitted. place the name of the Buck's Stove and Range Co. on the "We Don't Pa- tronize" list in the American Feder- atiomst, official organ of the federa- tion. This was the list of firms a- gainst which organization labor was By the appointment of Gov Hughes of New York. and. later, the selection of Justices Van Devanter anci Lanuvr, find the naming of Justice White as supieme on the matter is that given in the case of the Diake Cincinnati investigating committee case The court then hold that one Dianch of the assembly had no authority to act for both It de- clared tne constitution clearly re- serves to {he people all powers not expiessly granted in the constitution Power is given to the legislature in article 2 of the constitution. Only' day to assume Mis. Taft his duties, was taken ill Saturday night after having attended a ban- quet with the president. The presi- dent decided, however, to keep his better terms of employment that are recognized as lawful and justifiable in the ordinary trade union; in other words, that it is entirely proper for combinations of postal employes and others to combine in an association to affiliate with the American Feder- ation of Labor, and to hold in reserve engagement at Harrisburg, Pa, Sun-1 af .an instrument for enforcing their day, where he addressed the Brother- hood of Railway trainmen. He re- turned here immediately after the ad- dress. Mis Taft's illness is similar to the one she suffered just two yeais ago next Wednesday while on an excur- sion trip fiom Washington to Mt Vernon aboard the presidential va'cht Sylph. This attack caused her to abandon all several months. social activities The news of her foi ill- claims, presented to congress foi in- creased compensation, or the better- ment of terms in other respects, the boycott and the strike, which are in- struments recognized by the Ameri- can Federation of Labor and support- ed and justified by it when used by the tiades unions affiliated in such federation. This presents a very serious ques- tion, and favor of one the which right if decided in of government ness led to over-alarming reports employes to strike and to use the and this biought out an official ment. President Oppose? boycott will be full of danger to the government and the lepublic "The gov eminent employes of Fiance resoitPd to it and took the .government. hv the, throat." _____ U, S, Employes' Union I WASHINGTON, May 15 The speech of President Taft at Harris- burg opposing the right of govern- ment to organize them- selves into a union started a stoim of opposition today. Congressman Lloyd, of Missouri, who alrcadj has a bill before congress permitting the unionization of mail clerks declared that the position of the president was nothing less than depriving govern- ment employes of a right that every other man who woiks foi a living en- joys. Secietan Monison of thp Arreiican Federation of Labor also came out with a hot ciniciam ot Taffs speech. In his s-peech Taft said. "I think some person5; have gone on January 9. when the case was situation. This says "Each house warned because of their alleged un-1'again argued. Kellogg again appeared sna11 have a11 other, poweis, neces- fair attitude toward unions. The the government, with Attorney san. to Drovide for its safety, and the WASHINGTON, D C. May Beginning July 1, the post office de- partment announced today, denosif- ors in postal savings banks can con- vert their savings into I'mted States bonds in of and which bpen prepared especially for them. These will bear 1-2 per cent inUiest, whuh ib a half THE WEATHER ____ Forecast: Cloudy with prabab- ly showers tonight or Thursdav; wanner tonight. Temperature at 7 a. m., 61 grees Temperature one year ago, 4S Sun nscs Tuesday at 4 12 a and sets at p m (standard time) Maximum wind velocity for 24 hours end'ns; at noon 12 miles eist a: 2 o clock Sunday af- terucon. CIJY BUNCO IN AUNG? Negotiations Resumed With Prospects Favorable For New Armistice ATTEMPTED BRIBERY BY ENVOY ALLEGED Solicitor Steinemann Says He Sees No Reason For Dis- regard Of Agreement. WILL LOOK INTO MATTER Says Specifications Are Prac- tically The Same As Be- fore Franchise Was Cianted, Is the Sandusky Gas Electric Co. to be charged with bad faith toward ttte city in its bid foi the electric street lighting contract for the next two years? Instead of a bid for per lamp as agreed upon as the price which would be charged if the city accepted its proposition of an 8 and 5 cent rate for commercial lighting, the company has come forward with a nioposal of under the specifica- tions for which bids were advertised. In order that the city may take ad- Tantage of the rate, the corn- pan j would have the city strike out important parts of the specifications and accept an alternative proposal. City Solicitor Steinemann has not as yet had time to give the company's alternative proposal careful consider- ation but he declared Monday that he could see no reason for the com- pany's refusal to stand by its agree- ment and furnish lights at per lamp under the specifications which. he had prepared. He said that the specifications, part of "which Ge, Orozco Told of Suppposed Offer And Breach With Madero Is Healed, j have been rejected by the com- pany if a rate is to be given, are essentially the same as when the company bid per lamp at the Srst advertisement. The period of :he contract is shorter, it is true, but :he solicitor can see no reason why :he icompany is not protected against loss by living up to the terms of the proposed contract in case the com- pany should not get the renewal at he end of two years. After Solicitor Steinemann has gone over the gas company's alternative proposal thoroughly, he will make a EL PASO. May fresh peace terms just submitted by Senor Hermandez, General Ma- dero today is so hopeftil that he has postponed sending his troops south to meet Colonel Rabago in hopes that peace can be effected before another engagement is necessary. If the peace terms are officially accepted by Diaz it is ex- pected a fresh armistice in the Chihuahua military zone will at once be declared. Madero has been having his bles and was only able to save Qetw era! Xavarro from possible execution at the hands of General Orozco and other insurgents by a remarkaJWa show of_bravery and disregard of personal safety. The peace negotiations suffered at slight set-back last night when Senor Obregon, one of the government go- betweens, was told that his in the city was no longer desired by; the revolutionists. In short, Madero informed Senor Obregon that he was suspected ot being the man higher up in a general SOLDIERS ARE ILL. WASHINGTON, May cording to official report today on- ly three hundred and three men are on the sick list out of the 000 men and officers of the ma- neuver division at San Antonio. The health of the army is consid- ered unusually good, eport to the board fthich the lone bid of control, to for the street ighting has been referred. It is up o the board of control to either iward the contract or reject tl bid. The present stieet lighting contract expires Dec. 31, of this vear. E chief justice, the bench was complete one section, eight, at all touches the to the extreme of holding that theic cent more than the postal banks pay CINCINNATI, 0., May 15. Boss 'ox, who yesterday broke a long si- ence by having Ins autobiography rinted in the Xew York World, foi- it up today with the announce- ment that he will not remove to 'ew York, but will remain here and defend his boss-ship He declares he has no intention either of being oust- ed or of resigning from political con trol of the city. PATENT LAWS WASHINGTON, Mar 15 sentatives of thirty-seven nations met cott against tho St. Louis firm was made nation-wide. On August 19, 1907, after this na- tional boycott had been in progress for several months, the stove com- pany sued the officers of the federa- tion to enjoin further boycott. On December IS, 1007, Justice Gould, of transaction of its rter-laie this busi- does the supreme court of the District of go to make up the combine. Columbia, granted a temporary In-1 The record in the case is full of in- junction, to restrain publication of i stances where the giant power of the the name of the stome company in' combination was used to force corn- General Wickersham as his assistant. undisturbed Mil'burn, Johnson and D. T. Watson, of Pittsburg, argued for the defend- not bribery investigation, ant. The court broke all precedents in granting five whole davs for the arguments About of capital is in- vested in the various companies which the unfair cott. list and to stop the boy- Almost immediately after this de- cision, the American Federationist ap- peared, with the name of the Buck's company still .prominently displayed In the "We Don't Patronize A- bout-the same time, the convention of the United Mine Workers, presid- ed over by John Mitchell, adopted a resolution to continue the bovcott. The Buck's Stove and Range Co cited these alleged instances "of re- fusal of the officers of the federation to obey the court's injunction, and the district court after an exhaustive .hearing, held Gompers, Mitchell and Morrison guilty of contempt of court in deliberately violating Justice Gould's injunction. Justice Wright sentenced Gompers to one year in prison, Mitchell to n'ne months and Morrison to six months. The labor leaders disclaimed any Intention of deliberately violating the jsourt order and injected the issue of free speech and free press. On an uppeal .the decision of the lower jouil oenlenoiag iiie men to jail was ifSrmed by the District of Columbia court of appeals. The case was then Appealed to the supreme court of 'the United _.. r .NFW SPA PERI -JLS-) H an inc.dent to the lemov- rl c" a winches not attempt- ed in the Hudson resolution. Attorn- e> General Hogan has been looking into the question. He is understood to have cached the conclusion that the committee cannot pay a witness and cannot compel testimony unless in position to pay for it. Gen T. E. Powell and others of equal promin- ought to be no combinations of gov- and will also allow the depositors erument emplOKS permitted lUave more than which was the think, however, that in all siovem-j limit of deposits under former ar- ments, and I have given some cxrai [rangement of the postal banks. ence on hairaonizins; the patent laws I throughout the civilized world. They were welcomed toaav by Secretary of State Knox, plot to bribe the chiefs of Madero desert the rebel leader's standard. A large bribe is said to have beea of- fered General Orozco, but he indig- nantly refused it Senor Obregon em- phatically denied any conaection witli the alleged affair. Gen. Pasqual Orozco was asked con- cerning the efforts which Obregon is alleged to have made to turn Mnt from Gen. Madero and the rumor that a bribe had been offered -was men- tioned to him. In reply, he declared that no fixed price had been offered hut It had been discreetly indicated- to him that he never would lack for money if he consented to do certain. things. What these things were, Gea. Orozco would net say. The upshot of the affair Is that Ob- regon has tseen banished from insnr- recto territory and Gen. Orozco once more Is in the good graces of his com- mander in chiet He had a long and cordial talk with Gen. MacSero. He es.-' pressed to Madero his loyalty and ten- dered his regrets for the incident, ia which Madero was temporarily arrest- ed. Provisional President Madero de- clared that he has the utmost confi- dence in Gen. Orozco and spent some time with him going over military plans. As an evidence of Madero's confidence in the- support of his men, he has dismissed his bodyguard and now walks with Mrs. Madero alone about the streets. The proposals are somewhat differ- ent from those hitherto considered. though-similar in intent The ques- tion of the resignation of President Diaz, vaguely handled in the Diaz manifesto, it is now felt, was ampli- fied and explained sufficiently by Minister Limantour two days ago, and the insurrecto leaders are satisfied. (Continued on Page Six.) AVIATOR SOPWITH HAS A NASTY FALL petitors to the wail The trust carried j t th on its business in sections where there i Tea? o'f was a prejudice against "trust" pro- ducts, through concerns which, al- though absolutely contioiled by the Standard, advertised themselves as entrrelv indenendent. It received re- ha? been allayed because it is gnen onh for true testimonv. Th's means con- fessions which nobody expects will be on the business of their srven. Should the stand be-taken bj jast two in the secret spoons witnesses who swear their record is I Of the committee clean in certain matters in which' later they are found to have been guilty, perjury will have been added to the charges which can be brought. Star-Journal Bureau, sites, places for nieie political jobs with men drawing salaries >rt doing no work v.hste.n It de- veloped that tbeie are moie than fif- t vof these poits of the WASHINGTON, Ma> 15. Aston- ishing conditions in the customs ser- vice have been liifl bare during the the treastnr depaitment, of which Representative William E. Cox of Indiana is the chaiiman and ing head ______________________________ As a result nf disclosures show- ing how an ainw of offico-r-olders the most matter now pena- has been upon thr public to'al recpjpts of the government last thp mg and tho time is short as the ses sion will end, presumably, at 4 p. m Thursday. Of course the clock may be stopped. The appronriation bills without justification and flagrant abuses have giown up Rep- resentative Cox announced that he will introduce legislation for a gener- only ?47JP47i. pxppnsp nf inruntninina; UIPSP was fi7. costing thp direct- government moie than thiee dollars to collect each dollai's vorth of rev- enue. or. all of thesp ports can be abolished witnout injury to the department or inconvenience to how other j the public At several of these ports COLUMDHS. C.. May of the biggest lobbies of the session de- scended on the legislature today to try and defeat the women's nine-hour work-day bill, which comes up in the house for passage tomorrow. The the redistricting bill and the bill pro- al reorganization of the customs ser- viding for election of delegates to the vice, constitutional convention this the government for the past four or five years has not taken in a dollar must be passed. The seiiuit; has six of the Harmon program measures yet to act upon. It has just been discovered that the seaate taxation committee has completely emasculated the Holinger of revenue, yet the maintenance of each has cost the government from for the consolidation of the I to 1 propose to recom- fall customs districts and for the abolish- i mend to congress that they all be lobby consisted largely of women! tax bill, supposed to be a codification from various factory towns who had i of the tax laws. As passed by the been sent here by their employers. house, the measure was an integral There is a possibility of the con- part of Governor Harmon's taxation ference committee agreeing'tm a utll- program, necessary m making the 1 jjili, bjf AIoia is about limit ment of every job that is not justi- fied by the needs of the sen-ire. cording to the committee that Ac- has been hearing the evidence the cus- toms officers in many cases are filled with who live fat off of the public treasury and who have no work to nprferm. abolished. In other cases, where the revenues are small and do not justify the maintenance of ports of entry it will be recommended that they be reduced to sub-ports and made auxiliary to larger ports. This plan, carried into execution, will save the government hundreds of thou- "In the hearings it said sands of dollars evpij year and will Chairman Cox. "that a large number put the collection of revenues upon of tho poits of entry in this country are mete siancum. (Continued on Para Th Two Cleveland Runaways Took Bicycles Here But Were Caught In Fremont. Aviator Thomas Sopwith, a young Englishman who has been making some daring flights in a Bleriot ma- chine at Mineola. L. I., will probably neter be nearer death to escape than he was when his machine fell, and fifty Two more Cleveland runaway boys, who made Sandusky their stopping place, are held at the Central police station. Alton Staff eld and John Glasscock. 14-year-old lads who re- side on 18th street, Cleveland, leav- ing their home city last Friday, cama to Sandusky. became bicycle thieves, got away with two bikes, rode to Fre- mont and were arrested there and then hrousrht back here Sunday night Whether they will be prosecuted 18 not known. The arrived here Friday night Saturday they stole two bicycles, belonging to James Dempsey and other to Fred Smith. They rode to Fremont and there attempted to sell them but the police were suspicions and arrested the lads. Later word came from Sandusky of the thpft of the wheels and Sunday Chief Wefn- gates went to Fremont and took tbo lads in custody Alton and John claim they wwe enroute to Toledo, where the StaCeld boy says liis aunt reside cried as he told his story in the wom- en's corridor at the jail mom- ing. He said ho wanted ro go tacit and see his mother Mr de- clared that he had no to if Jhey were seal NEWSPAPER! ;