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View Sample Pages : Salt Lake Tribune, October 25, 1949

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - October 25, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS IntermonntaiB Network Monday Throucb frttu WEATHER Generally fair nod Mllghtly on Pact 1 11 SALT LAKE TUESDAY OCTOBER 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS Banker Asks China Red Nod West Financiers at Meet Hear Marshall Plan Praise Recognition of the Communist regime in China was ad vocated and the Marshall aid plan was praised for its accom plishments in Europe by speakers at a dinner honoring federal reserve bank officials Monday evening in the Hotel Brayton San Francisco industrialist and chairman of the board of the Federal Reserve Bank of San ad vocated recognition of the Communist government in He took the position that the Nationalist government was cor rupt while it was alive and that it is now He said it had lost the confidence of the people through corruptness and debasement of He conceded that the Chinese Com munist leaders are Russia trained and are supporters of the Attlee Slashes New Budget Million 24 UP Prime Minister Clement Attlee tacked a 14cent fee onto Britains socialized medical service Monday as part of an economy program to save the government pounds a To pull the nation out of its economic the prime minister also ordered a cut in dollar In dry tones of Attlee presented to parliament the Labor governments scheme for preventing inflation that might re sult from devaluation of the Must Cut Expenses We must reduce expenditure and increase Attlee told the house of The program he offered lopped oft spending for national cap ital public relations and food Before a jammed and tensely waiting audience in the house of commons Attlee announced these cuts National defense pounds Most of the to be in administrative Capital pounds Hacked off of longterm projects such as im of fuel and power out put and the building of schools and Housing pounds Cuts an estimated houses off the governments program to build Other Building Other pounds Represents a general tightening up on controls over Medical service pounds Achieved by charging up to one shilling 14 cents each for prescriptions in stead of taking the cost out of tax money collected from the public for the socialized medical Pood pounds Achieved by firing about 300 civil servants and econ omizing in Education pounds Gained by adding a penny to every school childs one shilling lunch fee and by trimming school bus Ministry of supply pounds Reduces the work of government arms facto ries slightly and saves in adminis Ministry of 000 pounds Savings In Proposed costs of 1951 festival of pounds Public pounds Cuts public relations departments in various Soviet But pointing out that Russia has long been the chief territorial threat to he expressed the view that the people are essen tially Chinese and that they would not follow leaders who attempt to subordinate the country to the interests of the Soviet The report on the Marshall plan was given by George president of the First Se curity who returned re cently from a tour of Europe as an adviser to the public advisory board of EC Summing up his conclusions he said I thing it is definitely safe to say that the Marshall plan thus far has more than justified and in my opinion it is necessary that it be carried out to its com plete fiveyear Fears Losses If we should withdraw economic benefits which have been achieved would immediately be The political gains which have been made would also be lost and I think Communism would start marching westward in Europe An of ftherecord talk was made j by Marriner member of the board of governors of the federal reserve system and the former In an interview earlier in the day he dashed cold water on the hopes of groups ad vocating an increase in the price state 53 yearg ago when Willis of gold or the making of currency convertible into O do not he that serious consideration is being given in government circles to either of these And I do not per sonally see how any constructive or useful purpose could be accom plished by either Partially Solved In praising the results of the Marshall George Eccles em phasized that the European prob lem has Seen only partially The aid he has stopped Communist expansion in achieved political stability and brought about a degree of eco nomic stability which permits dem ocratic governments to But European he still have rigidly controled econo mies which work against the most pressing economic needs in creased agricultural and industrial plant modernization and lower production Private and public he are at the root of European Their pro ducers need some Lauds Budget Cut The speaker commented approv ingly on the British Labor govern ments announcement Monday of a 10 cut in the the reduc tions to be made in national de health subsidies to public construction and government administrative These are all necessary and he The point the people of the should keep in he empha is that this country is a creditor nation and must act like The dinner meeting was pre sided over by Henry Aldous Columns Ascends Utah Federal Bench Willis Bitter takes over position on federal bench in presence of his 91yearold Judge Tilhnan Left to Judge Bitter and Ritter Takes Oath as Third Federal Judge for Utah Utah acquired its third Iment would be held Friday and district judge since it became a fjand Ritter was sworn in officially Monday afternoon under a recess The oath was administered by clerk of the And 91yearold Judge Tillman who resigned last May after almost 34 years of service on the federal was on hand to wish his successor There was no formal Ritter signed the necessary received the oath and congratulations of his predecessor and started work on his new Sets First Rule Day He announced that the first rule day since Judge Johnsons retire Steel Peace Talks Fail Ching Eyes Coal Deadlock By ASSOCIATED PRESS Industry sources in Washington said Monday that strike peace talks with Steel in New York apparently have accom plished They said they had been in formed the government has sus pended the talks for the time be Cyrus federal media tion service who con ducted the New York was reported returning to Wash It is possible he may now try his hand at breaking the coal strike In Philip president of the CIO and the United Steelworkers said the CIO convention next week undoubtedly will act to set up a giant strike fund of all its Murray told a news conference that he thought it would unques tionably be unfair if Tru ttian were to halt the strikt with a TaftHartley law He said his union had accepted the factfinding board recommendations and will absolutely not give in until em ployerpaid insurance and pensions are agreed On broad CIO Murray indicated he plans to purge from the CIO leaders who refuse to support the groups antiCommu nist In the coal hope of set tlement was pinned on the un promising talks between John Lewis United Mine Workers and southern operators at Lewis has demanded con tract improvements which would increase the cost of coal by 30c to RFC Lends KF Million To Aid Flow 24 The KaiserFrazer Monday obtained a loan from the Reconstruction Finance to help finance dealers who handle the firms It was the second RFC loan granted the company this coming close on the heels of a advance the firm will use to produce a new lowpriced Chairman Harley Hise of the RFC disclosed that the company has been required to put up colat ieral on the loans estimated to be worth more than Company Security for the larger loan in cludes a first lien on all physical assets of the company and its various including land building and equipment at the Willow These properties recently were appraised in excess of Hise said the company plans to use of the larger loan for designing and re tooling operations for the new lowprice model and has ear marked the remaining for working Loan The he will be used as a revolving fund for dealers to enable them to finance purchases of cars from the factory to the extent that credit for such purposes is not available through normal chan He emphasized that none of the money will be available to finance retail sale of cars by 35c a Hise said the widespread pub There seemed little optimism j lie interest in the companys con called for 14 The documents which he Signed to become a judge consisted of his signed by Harry S Truman and Howard the oath and j affidavits 1 that he did not pay or promise to pay anyone any kind of consideration for the appointment 2 that he is not a member of any party or or ganization which advocates the overthrow the government by violence and 3 that he will not strike and that he does not belong to any organization which asserts the right of government person nel to strike against the govern Took Oath in 1896 While the memories of many Utah citizens do not go back be yond Judge Johnsons term on the the state had one federal judge prior to his The first one was John Mar who took the oath of office a few weeks after the territory became a He served until about Judge who started un der a recess was sworn in and was confirmed by the senate the fol lowing Recess Appointment Judge Rittera recess appoint ment runs to the end of the next session of the United States sen Because of the delay in naming a successor to Judge the new judge found plenty of work to start When Court Clerk Ahl strom began laying files down in front of the two men Judge John son remarked Show them to Judge Ive already seen among coalmen about an early pattern Talks between the union and northern and west ern coal operators were broken off last U M W strikers number tinued operation was evidenced by the fact that it employes workers directly and that an addi tional persons are employed by distributors and firms which supply parts and Nationalists Quit Plan To Flee Capital HONG 24 UP Nationalist troops have abandoned Kweilin and the government is preparing to flee from its newlyestablished refugee capital at it was reported 1 Reliable private sources in radio contact Monday with capital of Kwangsi province in South re ported all government troops had pulled leaving only the lo cal garrison to face the advanc ing Chinese Communist Latest reports placed the main body of Red troops which took Canton at 115 miles west of Canton and about 200 miles southeast of Newspaper reports that Red elements were operating with in seven miles of Kweilin were denied by official Nationalist Tail Advocates More Ideal Charter for 24 Robert Taft Monday night said the time has now come to revise the charter of the United Nations to set up some organization closer to the ideals of justice and Taft told the United Nations here that efforts made to improve the present I believe the time has now or is rapidly when we could call for a con vention to revise the charter of the United Taft If Russia declines or blocks the adoption of a satisfactory amendment perhaps we can re vise the Atlantic pact and the Rio treaty to set up some or ganization closer to the ideals of justice and Ike Cautions to Hit Statism Aim NEW 24 UP Dwight Eisenhower warned Monday night the Ameri can dream will turn into the American nightmare if the people of this country become slaves of the The Columbia university presi in a speech before the 18th annual forum of the New York Herald urged that each new government proposal be scru tinized for its effect on personal Sharply Defined Unless we understand the American it may become the American Eisen hower We believe in human in human rights not gub to arbitrary We believe that these rights can be fully possessed and effectively exercised only so long as man as serts and maintains himself the master not the serf of institutions he If we never give up the efforts to determine so far as each of us probable ef feet of every new governmental proposal upon our personal free we will be discharging one of our most acute responsibilities as American he Delivers Keynote Speech Eisenhower delivered the key note speech opening the threeday The 10 other speakers at the forum were Franklin Roosevelt Frank Gra ham Hubert Humphrey Adlai of Illinois former Herbert Lehman Federal Security Administrator Oscar Ewing Howard Smith Rep Clifford Case James president of the National Farmers and Lindsay Rogers Bur professor of public law at Columbia Truman Renews Plea For ABomb Control Indian Delegation Adds Greeting To Tribe NEW 24 UP An unofficial delegation of six American Indians in full battle dress welcomed the United Na tions to the Red mans ances tral stomping ground of Man hattan The selfappointed in feathers and buckskins and carrying wampum and torn came early and stayed late at the dedication of the permanent They sat among other persons on folding chairs in the middle of 42nd street and extended wel coming hands to many of the including Eleanor Roosevelt and Chester Around them sat women in furs and men in In windows of the partially com peted secretariat building were workmen with steel Ponders Guard Meet Advised Boosts Baruch Program For Armed Inspection NEW 24 Harry S Truman pledged American support Monday to any safe and effective plan that would outlaw the atomic To assure that atomic energy will be devoted to mans welfare and not to his destruction is a continuing challenge to all nations and all he The president spoke at a ceremony at which the United Nations laid the cornerstone for its permanent He called the cornerstone rites an act of un sbakeable faith that the United Nations will He addressed persons at a flagdecked open air ses sion of the 59nation general assembly seated in the dead end of 42nd Street on the East About New Ynrkers lined Fifth avenue and adjacent streets as he motored to the site on a circuitous route from Pennsylvania 24 JP A simmering interservice wrangle boiled up Monday into blunt notice from the air force that it may try to take control of the flying branch of the national Harold assistant air told national guard of ficers from throughout the United States that his department will advocate federalization of the guard if that is what is neces sary for the strongest national de Stuarts remark came in reply to a charge by the president of the Guard that the air force is seeking to wreck the Both statements were made in speeches at of the associations annual confer Touches Off Scrap Ellard Walsh of the guard touched off the scrap by accusing the air force of trying to gobble up the air He named Air Stuart Chief of Staff Hoyt Vandenberg and Elwood Quesada as leaders in the Quesada is chair man of the joint technical planning committee in the defense depart Stuart told the guard officers he knew of no statement from Symington or Vanden berg advocating federal control of the but added If that is what is necessary for the strongest national I am sure every one of you here are just as much for it as they are and I would Best for Defense Whatever policy the air force stands he will be what in our opinion is best for national We want a good long lasting peace and we desire sin cerely to do everything in our power to insure a lasting Walsh made it plain nev ertheless that the guard will stand its ground and is here to stay no matter what other branches of the armed services The national guard has no in tention of being read out of the party to which it has belonged lo these many years and to which it has contributed so he said in his annual The national guard was here first and here we intend to Truman said control of weapons is a requisite to a peace ful T7rgM International Control Ever since the first atomic bomb was he a major objective of United States policy has been a system of inter national control of atomic energy that would assure effective prohi bition of atomic and at the same time would promote the peaceful use of atomic energy by all He reviewed briefly the work of the deadlocked atomic energy commission and indorsed again the Bernard Baruch plan that won majority approval but was rejected by This is a good he It is a plan that can work more it is a plan that can be effective in accomplishing its It is the only plan so far developed that wouid meet the technical requirements of that would make prohibition of atomic Weapons and at the same time promote the peace ful development of atomic energy on a cooperative Baruch Pljra We support this plan and will continue to support it unless and until a better and more effective plan ts put The chief point of disagreement between the western powers and Russia on control of atomic energy has been the insistence of the west on an effective means of inspection to ensure that nations would keep their pledges to outlaw the The Russians have rejected every proposal which contains pro visions for Truman emphasized the major differences between the na The controversies which di vide us go very he Give Take he no single na tion can have its own for these are human and the solution of human problems is to be found in negotiation and mutual The president also said that re spect for human rights and pro motion of economic development were requisites to the kind of world we Truman arrived in the fore noon from Washington by Truman stayed home because of a The presidential party sped from Pennsylvania station to the site on East 42nd street and Franklin Roosevelt drive in a 25car He arrived at the gaily deco rated dedication site a few minutes before noon and was greeted by a bright sun peeping out from be hind the clouds in time for his ar The after waiting pa tiently in a chill rose as the combined New York City fire de partment and sanitation depart See Page Column 2 GREECE EDICT Spare Reds LAKE 24 UP Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Vishinsky called upon the United Nations Monday to or der the Greek to re peal the sentences of eight Com munist Vishinsky offered a resolution which would have the gen ernl assemblys political and secur ity committee demand that the Greek government suspend the carrying out of the death uen tences and repeal sen The Russian move came as a surprise as the political commit tee began consideration of the re port of the unsuccessful efforts of conciliators to settle the 3yearold quarrel between Greece and her Communist It followed an and effort by Poland to have politi cal committee take action to sus pend death pronounced by the Athens government agftlnat Besides holding cornerstone ceremonies at the new world or ganization in New the did business M usual Monday with the political committees consideration of the Balkan conciliators report the top Air Crash Kills Trio on Mead BOULDER 24 private amphibian plane making test landings on Lake huge artificial lake behind Hoover crashed Monday and killing three The PBY plane owned by the Charles Babb of Los Angeles had flown here earlier in the day for tests with a crew of three Two other ap parently picked up here after planes initial also were on the plane when it flipped over and burst into Authorities here identified one of the Ted as a The other Boulder City George was seriously Charles owner of the Air plane Sales and Service at Los Angeles identified the He said Russell the of San and engi neer Sherman of Glen were lost in the acci dent and copilot Clarence Mas ters of Los Angeles was seriously FINANCES CHIEF WORRY GOP Minority Blasts at AEC 24 UP Six Republican members cf con gress declared Monday the nations security demands speedier and more effective development of our atomic program than it is getting from the Atomic Energy We cannot tolerate a wasteful and incompetent admin istration of our atomic pro the minority members of the senatehouse atomic energy committee We would fall short of our ob ligation to the congress and to the American people if we gloss over or excuse the weaknesses in the operation of this Headed by Htckenlooper The six headed by Bourke Hickenlooper did not repeat the charge of incredible mismanagement leveled by Hickenlooper at the atomic energy commission and its David last May The 10 Democrats on the com in a report on praised the AEC and said Hick enlooper was unable to prove his charges at a lengthy investiga tion the senatehouse group con ducted during the Both that report and the dissent from it which the Republicans made public Monday night stemmed from that Hickenlooper is the senior Re publican member of the committee and its former Those who joined him in signing the dis senting report were Senators Eu gene Millikin and Wil liam Knowland and Sterling Cole Charles Elston Ohio and James Van Zandt This group conceded that the na tion is ahead of the rest of the world in atomic but it demanded ihat the commission forge ahead with greater The announcement by the pres ident of an atomic explosion in Russia emphasizes the necessity for the prompt and thorough cor rection of the practices which We have so that we can maintain and constantly expand our supremacy in atomic the Republicans Harry S Truman an nounced on 23 that this na tion has evidence of an atomic ex plosion in the The 650word minority besides avoiding use of Ilickenlcop ers incredible mismanagement likewise did not use the word maladmin istration and misplaced empha sis which he employed It did repeat his of The Republicans criticiitns boiled down into three points 1 the AEC has been leisurely Mid indecisive In building up an atomic weapons reserve 2 been loosely administered in vio lation of the and 3 inade quate supervision the muIUMl lion dollar operation hM resulted in waste of ;