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View Sample Pages : Salt Lake Tribune, October 22, 1949

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - October 22, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS alt WEATHER 8 SALT LAKE SATURDAY OCTOBER PRICE ITVE cunt 11 Convicted Top Reds Draw Prison 10 Given Five Yero Sentence of War Hero Cut to Three NEW 21 Judge Harold Medina vent 11 Communist leaden to priaon Friday and denied them Sentenced to five in a federal penitentiary and fined 000 were all but one of the men found guilty of conspiring to ad vocate an American The heroic war record of one 34yearold Robert New York state party won for him a reduced He got a threeyear prison term and a Heads bowed and shackled in the Communist shuffled out of the courthouse to a black prison At their ap a crowd of 250 cheered and broke into song and a force of more than 150 police watched alertly to thwart an Statute Amended The solemn Medina said he had struggled with his conscience to decide whether he could rightfully pass a niaximum sentence of five years or 10 years under the terms of the Smith Congress amended the law to the lesser penalty month after the Com munist leaders were indicted in If it wasnt for the change in I would be thinking iiTEerms of inore than five he His denial of bail brought an Im mediate protest from the defense attorneys who were reinforced to day by John former as sistant attorney general who was fired from the Justice de partment for The lawyers said they would file an appeal with the circuit court appeals later Have Final Say floridfaced Eugene the partys gen eral secretary defend the bosses had their final say in They were protesting and unrepentant and said they would continue to work at The nation will on this trial with said Dennis when Medina asked if he had anything to say before It is not but the men of Wall Street and their puppets who are conspiring against the bill of rights to impose a police state and to let loose a monstrous vio lence of an atomic he We will continue to champion our beliefs and the ideals of Marxism Indorse Words One by the others arose to their endorsement of Den nis They were John editor inchief of the Daily Worker Jack national educational di rector Henry na tional organizational secretary John labor secretary Gilbert Illinois chairman Carl Michigan chairman Gus Ohio chairman Irving vice president of the In ternational Fur and Leahter work and the palefaced Thompson who showed no joy at having his sentence As Medina pre pared to sentence the he or dered them to The courtroom was A marshal stood beside each Then Medina ad dressed them each by name and pronounced the sentence that put them behind In the case of he he had given the most care ful attention to his war Thompson won the distinguished service cross for leading a platoon across a river under enemy fire during the Buna campaign in New Picture on Page 3 Willis Bitter nothing to Impeach Ms NONREDS Biggest CIO Rebels Sign NLRB Oath 21 UPh Two top officers of the O Elec trical Workers union who had been listed as Communists by congres sional committee gave oaths to the government Friday that they The two were Julius secretarytreasurer of the United Electrical and James the director of or NonCommunist oaths also were submitted to the Na tional Labor Relations for Albert Fitzgerald and the vice V Biggest CIO This ended the biggest CIO holdout against TaftHartley law Under the labor law a unions officers must file the oaths denying membership in the Com munist party or its or belief in its before the labor organization can use the NLRBs unionhelping Prior failure to file the affidavits had cost big cftunks of its It was unable 16 get on the ballot in collective bargain ing elections so other A F L and were able to grab many Once had nearly Now it is down to about half that according to best failure to file the oaths was a major reason given by the Atomic Energy commission for barring the union from represent ing workers at atomic installa Listed as Emspak and Matles were listed as Communists by the house com mittee on unAmerican activities in a report last Fitzger ald was cochairman of Henry Wallaces Progressive party in the 1948 presidential A house labor subcommittee last year staged an investigation of al leged Communist activities within the It issued a report later saying that Russia had a strong grip on the key American electrical manufacturing industry because of Communists in the Fridays action qualifying to do business with the N L R B left only a few big holdouts against filing the nonCommunist The main ones are John Lewis independent mine Harry Bridges CIO and Woodruff Randolphs A F L Inter national Typographical Nobel Prize Winner Predicts Soviet Lead in Atomic Race Oct 21 Russia probably will wipe out Americas lead in the atomic race in two Harold Nobel pritc winner of the Univer sity of predicted who discovered heavy hydrogen and was one of the pioneers in developing the charged that atomic research dur ing the last four years has been lagging in the United We have been and an now in an atomic armaments Russia was able to make the bomb In such a short it is obvious that she is making headway comparable to that which we made during the he a professor in the univer sitys institute for nuclear described this nations atomic energy program as inefficient and f ruatrated by a mistaken idea nur tured by and public that America must be protected the secret of atomic TWs he frequently has does not exist Urey said that every responsible atomic scientist has been ham pered by being compelled constant ly to be on guard against accusa tions of violating petty security regulations or having communistic He said that as a conse the atomic energy mission has been unable to retain the of many excellent Urey and three other Illinois scientists expressed their views on Russias acquisition of the atomic bomb in the current issue of the Bulletin of the atomic Frederick professor of physics at the University of Illi wrote that he believes there is a strong possibility that the Russians will surpass us in bomb production and in other phases of the development of atomic Ritter Chosen As Interim Federal Judge Recess Appointment For Utah District Made by President TrtbuM SMKtol Willis practicing ney of Salt Lake City and a mem ber of the of Utah law school Friday waa federal judge for the Utah dis trict under a recess appointment Harry S The recess appointment made after Warren Mag nuson chairman of the senate judiciary subcom had written a letter to the president urging the action and after the department of justice had notified Elbert Thomas Utah that the Federal Bu reau of Investigation routine probe of the nominee had disclosed noth ing to reflect on his character or Pending Senate Ohek Judge Ritters appointment Was one of 23 to the federal bench or district attorneyships which the senate judiciary committee failed to report to the senate in time for action this Judge succeeds Judge Till man will serve with out senate confirmation until the next session convenes in In a letter to who recommended the Ritter appoint the attorney generals office pointed out that the FBI investi gations of nominees are strictly but added When the report is received in the it is carefully canvassed and sifted for any real evidence other than rumor and After the content is then appropriate action ia taken by this Upholds Integrity In the case of the candidate for appointment as district judge for the district of after having carefully read the re we were unable find any real evidence of anything to im pugn his char loyalty or judicial tempera ment The communication was signed by assistant to attorney i in a letter to the urged the recess pointment on the grounds1 that the court business required a judge in the Utah district and expressed the belief that the judiciary com mittee would act on Hitters See Page Column 4 Czechs Arrest Oust9 Attache 21 jailed a embassy clerk Friday and demanded the immediate recall of embassy attache Isaac Patch on charges that they were running a spy ring directed against the se curity of this Communistled na Patch told newsmen the charges are absolutely Other officials described them as entirely without The arrested American is Samuel a clerk in the office of the embassys military The Czechoslovak foreign min istry said in a sharply worded note it had indisputable proof of the babied on confessions of Czech of the alleged all under Name Five In the foreign ministry named five employees of the em three of them now on as signment outside as the braina behind the purported The note said the ring was organized in one month after the Communists took over the Informed western sources spec ulated the motive behind Czech action waa revenge for the State department rapport of Yugoslavia for a seat on the United Nations security council Bought by Meryn was arrested by security police at 1 about two hours after the Czech note was handed James American charge Ordered to Leave a 37yearold career dip lomat of was ordered to leave the country within 24 MM govern ment accused the Americana of forming a terroristic organiza tion to help traitors and reac tionaries flee the It named Miss Louise Schaffner of former third secretary of the embassy who is now assigned to Sicily Walter former second and Spencer a former em of as Disarms Critics With Smiling Rebuff of Defense Louis on stand at congress an swered with firm defense of military unification Johnson Backs Acts In Probe Finale Goal Shortage Forces Rail Passenger Cut 21 The house armed services commit rang curtain on its sensationalunification probe Fri day after Defense Louis Johnson asserted he not out to the navy but determined to give the taxpayers 100 cents worth of every dollar Former Herbert and George nier secretary of state and army chief of also appeared at the final hearing to enter for the navy and air force to close ranks in behalf of national security after two weeks of public Calls for Evaluation Committee Chairman Carl Vin son recessed the until congress reconvenes next He asked committee members to study and evaluate all the testimony in the meantime and come back here in January to try to reach a decision on a course of action we think is im portant who had opened the hearings with sharp criticism of Johnsons concluded by saying that the defense secretary deserves the full support of this committee and the people in his difficult in an affable but firm laid down a detailed defense of his economy program which top admirals have attacked as an ar bitrary blow at naval fighting Fair Deal for Navy While he gave assurances that sea power has had and will con tinue to get a fair deal under unifi he made it plain that he has no intention of letting the revive the supercarrier United States which he cancelled last Johnson gave no direct indica tion whether any naval heads will roll because of the public as some capital quarters have specu But he asserted that the Winnie9 Attacks Move to Junk Draft in Britain ston Churchill said Friday that abolition of Britains peacetime military draft would strike a deadly blow at the defense union between Britain and tha United Suggestions have been rife this week that the draft night be abandoned by Prime Minis terClement Attlee as one way of economizing on govern ment fit is my conviction that to a change at this time would be deeply to the strength of Britain and would reduce our of maintaining what all desire peace of the Churchill The wartime prime minister said he has assured Attlee that the Conservative opposition in which he would give the government fall support maintaiatag tfnmfe continuous overtone of the navy testimony been an attack on the theory and administration of the unification Anil he noted that the current controversy differs from earlier resistance tc unification because by action of two successive con unification ianow the law Brsittsy Views Russ Six Aids Indicted 81 In a new crackdown the United States government Fri day obtained an indictment against official Soviet trading and six of its officers for failure to register agents of a foreign The maximum penalty for viola tion of this law is a and five years imprisonment Shortly after How ard McGrath announced return cf indictment by a federal lury five of the Russians were arrested by F B T agents In Hew York City where Amtorg maintains its The sixth man is in Five Seised to The five arrested In New York were taken before a S com who held them in 000 bail pending a hearing next Wednesday on their removal to Friday afternocs the acting Russian charge Vladimir called on Undersec retary James Webb at the state department Seven minutes later the Soviet diplomat strode telling reporters he had no com ment as to whether his visit was to lodge a protest on the But government officials indicated that was the purpose of the extra brief There have been repeated al legations in congress that Amtorg acted as an espionage Use Lesser Charge The Amtorg not allege that the had done anything beyond failure and refusal on repeated demands register under the foreign agents registration act The Justice departments report said that since Oct 1946 Am torg has collected information for and reported information the V 8 sad has T Efforts to Settle Walkouts In Coal Bog Down 21 orieT ilaahtaf passenger service on coal burning was iuued by government Friday as to fettle the nations cripptinf eotl and ateel itrikes bogged Here waa the picture interstate Commerce commission ordered admirals was He told the committee he completely indorses the ststement of Omar chairman of the joint chiefs of In blister ing testimony derided the admirals as Fancy Dans who See Page Column I Johnson Gives Solons Arms Secrecy Vow 21 NYT about the military assistance will be with held from any even If he should be cabinet rtiewvber of a participating Louis secretary of has assured the senate appropriations it was disclosed Fri In the event that a participating nation should name a Communist to a cabinet Johnson he would immediately consult with congress on the advisability of stopping military assistance to that Maximum Effort This I assure be carried out to stop communism to the maximum extent that the secretary of of the United States can so direct he told the The assurances were on 12 during heatings on the grant for military aid to signatories of the North At lantic to the Turkty and Congress approved the ap propriation Tuesday just be fore it Johnson also told the commit tee that he secret in formation given to him in confi dence by each of the participating nations about their capabilities and deficiencies Communist Kenneth Wherry was pressing James un dersecretary of on the sub ject of dealing with a foreign gov ernment which included a Commu nist Webb pointed out that Communist cabinet officer might have accew to his gov ernments military Any country that is now In clndei in the Webb I do not know the details of may be in the cabinet L kaov of no case where there is a defense minister who is a Communist Omar chair man of the joint chiefs of was heard at the same He he and his were greatly encouraged by the1confer ences they had completed with their opposite during a money for and acted at order and rtqueat aria Under tic tion of the of the Soviet union and government controlled Despite McGrath It has failed to register with the justice department as required by Curing the war such agencies of the Soviet union were exempted from but Harry S Truman withdrew that privilege from all countries on Embassy Waned About six weeks It waa the state department sent a notef to the Soviet embassy officially calling to its attention that Amtorg had failed with the registration require Amtorg li chartered an American organization under the laws of the state of New It waa first set up in 1924 to handle commercial ofthe Soviet union which then was not recognized by the United States and thus had official represen tatives in this The justice department said Amtorgs 50 Rus official and have diplomatic Indicted Theae arethe officers named in the indictment Alekaei Vasilie vich president Dmitri Ivanovich Bagrov and VasaiJi Petrovich vice Serguei Andreevich treasurer Alekaander Aleksandro vich and Gennadi Nikolaevich for mer assistant treasurer now do ing other work for the All were taken under custody except Vice Bagrov the department is in Smelter Workers Draft Plans For Metal Strike 21 Un of the CIO Mill and Smelter Workers union said Friday that were being completed for a major strike in the met als The John Vice Presidents Reid Rob and Orviile Larson and that strike be formulated at a con ference on or about 14 tin leu employers in the mean time have indicated real willing neat bargain on the unions economic Companies with which the un ion has Include Ana conda American American Smelting and Refin Phelpa Dodge and Kennecott Solons Support Radar Net ut in the operation of ug passenger M aQ than s 15 day supply of coal on Mediator Cy rus Ching closed a New Tork conference with Steel with the word that the 21day old steel strike is no closer to settlement He said the talks will be reatuaed Five OM In the five old the situation appeared even ttorker as contract affecting nearly twothirds of the strikebound In dustry Coal operators from aortfc and jnidwest angrily walked out of a meeting with John United Mine Workers at Sulphur declar ing that for power is willing to destroy toe coal Apparently government tater vention waa the only Car ant ing the coal Some coal haw been idle since Sept The which began Oct idlediinore than a million wcrk The CIO Steetworkers are demanding free After three days of secret meet Ching reported in New that big steel has steadfastly refused to yield on Its demand that the CIO United help pay for any pension That Is the enoc of tha steal indiutry tt WVA speedy construction of radar screen to guard States against atonic atomic energy A senate report Friday showed that Chairman Brien McMshon of the senatehouse group senate appropriations committee on Oct 16 It was the unanimous opinion of our committee after a good deal of testimony that it really highly essential that we get radar equipment in operatidn speedily as we Congress has approved 000 in the military appropriation bill to get tha huge project under The radar stations would be strungalong the borders of the United States and at Congress already has authorized the program which will include worth of equipment already on worth radar for tonstrucUoa for converting seven picket to radar which would cruise off the coastal ap The radar screen will be con trolled and conatructed by the air Hawaii Strike End Seen by Unionist 21 un official said Friday night Ha waiis longshoremen will return to work Sunday or ending the long dock strike which began Jack Hawaiian director of the CIQ international longshore mens and warehousemens announced a final settlement of nonstevedoring wage issues made the back to work order MOCK BATTLE Navy Masses Planes To Stop Atlantic Blow 21 The navy will match 19 enemy augmentedat times by land based against a 100ship armada nexf month in the largest peacetime maneuvers ever held in the North Atlantic In one phase the undersea fight will try to tun back the sec ond task fleet in its attempt to run from the Virginia Capes to a point south of In another the enemy including the new guppy snorkel will strive to block the armadas passage into the Davis straits between Greenland and The fleet includes the major air craft carriers Franklin Roosevelt and Philippine 49 four and vari ous tankers and supply in addition to its hunterkiller antisub force head ed by three smaller aircraft car the Mindoro and Si During UM latter part of the the enemy will be Joined by landbaaed aircraft in opposing attacks by the fleet and carrier planes against simu lated enemy airbases on the east A landbased navy of the long range Neptune will fly out to make a mock Abomb attack on the A flare will be substituted for the fearsome atomic The maneuver will be directed by Vice Donald commander of the second fleet from aboard task Ths position on the mental of whether and pension plan ahafl OeC order feet at ittldftigJit main Ut effect for two The 1C in itMiiag the An emergency reqtHrtaf immediate action in all af the country Reserve stocks of railroad locomotive coal maX reached a dangerously tar iaval and are further The order directs the raUroada to reduce their coalburning pas senger locomotive by fourth of mileage of L AcOen The directive marks the governments first action to off economic pa ralysis as a result at current were reported feei ng the pinch more and more from both coal and the imminent prospect tf Even before the ICC the New York Central road announced that effective urday at midnight it will eliminate 89 steamoperated pawenger because of ebbing coal branch line and suburban service in 11 states will be ef fected by N Y Cs Steel already hitting many threaten to the layoff of many of in the auto Industry less a settlement is White House re fused to affirm or deny that Harry B Tmmait there no sense to two Wg Off the Beowi Truman purportedly the statement in an offtherecotd talk before a group of NO top at a hotel Thursday night The chief executive was i to have told there waa something with them If they did not sit dawn with their employes and wart eat their Truman was also futtat as saying labor has an re sponsibility with management in settling the White House Preat C ROM refused to a transcript of the OM Chiefs Re An i thaa will not ;