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View Sample Pages : Salt Lake Tribune, October 17, 1949

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - October 17, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS Mraountefai Network Station KALL Monte Thnof h WEATHER Partly cloudy and scattered 00 19 3 SALT LAKE MONDAY OCTOBER 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS Chinese Reds Shell British Refugee Ship Shore Batteries Open Fire as Ship Leaves With 1400 HONG 16 UP shore batteries bombarded a British steamer off the southeast coastal port of it was reported Sun day as the main Communist armies north of Hong Kong prepared to move down to the border of this British crown The steamer Anhui arrived Sun day and reported the Communist ahore batteries opened up on her Saturday as she left Amoy with 1400 Three Chinese passengers were killed and 25 oth ers were Will Lodge Protests Ships officers said the vessel was under fire for 15 during which more than 20 shells from Red land batteries straddled the The Anhui had left Amoy 12 minutes before with large Brit ish flags painted on her hatch general manager of Butterfield and Swire which oper ates the said protests would be lodged with both the Nationalist and Communist The bridge of the ship was peppered ty shell which wounded Third Mate Ward of The dead were a man and a woman and a girl of Evacuating Refugees The Anhui was the first passen ger vessel reported to have been attacked by the The Communists shelled British war vessels in the Yangtze river last summer when the Red armies were preparing a river killing more than 80 The Anhui was evacuating refu gees from the island naval which has been under Communist attack for a month and the fall of which is considered Amphibious landings on nearby Islands have put Amoy under a heavy The Communists were reported Sunday to have captured islands between Amoy and the in preoaration for a final assault on once a major supply port for the Nationalist govern The Anhui apparently left Amoy less than an hour before the Com munists launched an allout at tempt to the port Report Invasions The Nationalist Central News agency reported the Reds started a largescale invasion attempt at with amphibious Hse Koch tect Beast Troops to pro of Violence Seen When Dse Leaves Jail 16 UP American troops and Ger man police were alerted Sunday to guard against possible violence from Jewish displaced persons when Use onetime beast of is released by the The 42yearold redhaired widow of Buchenwalds comman dant will finish her fouryear jail term for war crimes against the allies at Landsberg Immediately upon her release she will be turned over to German authorities who will charge her with murdering 24 Jews and as saulting German citizens at Bu Feeling Runs High Fearing a possible demonstra tion by some of the 4000 Jews in Landsbergs two displaced persons Clayton Pierce of the nearby Augsburg military post ordered the Frau whose lifeterm was reduced to four years by Lucius former mili tary commander for will be confronted upon her re lease by a German prosecutor who will charge her with the mur ders and assaults of hundreds of Buchenwald German Police Escort German police will take her to 4 wiui auipmuiuua vierman pouue win net LU attacks from three directions j the Bavarian womens prison at under cover of a heavy artillery j Aichach to await trial expected The dispatch said the shelling lasted four during which the Communists landed on Arnoy and the adjacent island of Kilangsu from a fleet of wooden Two waves succeeded in landing at but the agency claimed both were Guerillas End Greek Rap West Aid 16 The Greek guerilla army Sunday night proclaimed that it had ceased operations in order to avoid the total destruction of It did not that it had dis The announcement was made over the socalled Free Greek radio by the provisional Greek govern ment It came 24 hours before the United Nations Conciliation commission was due to report at Lake to begin in Armed American military police will escort the German patrol wagon the 40 miles to the The charges against her also refer to prisoners at Buchenwald chosen by Use who were allegedly killed by No specific mention is made of the human skin photo album covers and other gruesome curios which Use is reputed to have Ciays Explanation In commuting her sentence Clay pointed out that American legal in reviewing her East Germany Wins Russ Formal Okeh Coup Artist Assigned Diplomatic Post In RedLed Nation 16 entrusted the guidance of the east German republic Sunday to a tightlipped diplomat who pulled the strings for the Communist coup in Hungary after the Naming Gregort Pushkin chief of its diplomatic the Soviet union became the first power in the world to grant legal recognition to the ninedayold German Communists said Prune Minister Otto Grotewohls govern ment in east Berlin would soon gain the formal diplomatic nod from five other Romania and Top Satellite Rank They were jubilant over the prospect that the eastern republic was headed towardtop rank among Soviet satellites in The exchange of diplomatic mis sions between the east German republic and Soviet Russia was completed when Wilhelm Pieck announced Sunday the ap pointment of Rudolf Appeit as the head of the German mission in A statement said the Russian government had acknowledged the appointment of a longtime Communist follower who collabo rated with the Soviet military oc cupation and rose to become dep uty chief of the east German eco nomic He participated in most of the conferences between east and west German economic experts which resulted in the re cent drafting of a west mark trade Lists Achievements The east German government indicated it would establish formal diplomatic relations with all the peoples Prime Minister Stalins goodwill message last in which he described the German and Soviet peoples as the strongest in Eu was repeated over and over by Communist propaganda Sun Vushkin was replaced as Soviet ambassador in Hungary in In four postwar he had helped Matyas Kakosi and other Moscow trained revolutionaries break Hungarys largest the Small and to smother Catholic resistance in a domi nantly Catholic Forced Resignation The Communists forced the re signation of Small Landholder Premier Ferenc Nagy in Other milestones in Pushkin s Budapest career included the trial and conviction of Josef Cardinal the resignation of Small Landholder President Zol tan Tiidy and the hanging of ms and the entrapment of allegedly proTito Communists leaded by exForeign Minister Laszio Bomber Crash Fatal to Four Cal 16 to the Pierce said that these plans had been reversed following protests and photographers would now be allowed on the jail Danish Princess Dies 16 Princess Aage of Reorganize in Albania T At the same the Greek Aage OI general staff in Athens alleged djed Slmday that the guerilla forces were organizing in The guerilla proclamation dej nounced the role of BritishA menj can imperialists and their the MonarehoFascists in the op erations which have torn Greece internally since the end of World Strike Aluminum Plants Combined Idle Near Million in reviewing her i found no evidence of such army B26 crashed five tions miles south of here Sunday Pierce said it was fear of trouble killing at least four the from the displaced persons which prompted extraordinary security Otticers si measures revealed Saturday which victims which would have barred newsmen from scattered widely watching her release and transfer foe was for One of the first two was a the other a police been reversed following protests J apparently no sur by and that reporters vivorg they and nhatosrraTihfcrs wauld now be a V Wreckage of the plane was ma covered by a land patrol for the Southern California Edison Power Chino police said the plane ap parently caught fiie wnen it ripped nto power lines and Williams reported five persons were They have brought untold mis try to the Greek people since they pushed it into civil war years It The proclamation claimed that a peaceful solution of Greeces problems was being sought in the United Nations with the partici pation of the Soviet Need Bread After declaring that theinter ests of the Greek people were the first consideration of the the proclamation said that the Greek people needed peace and Greece is now in ruins and hun ger reigns it defor the night The MonarchoFascists are mistaken if they think that the struggle is ended and the Demo cratic army has ceased to it Premier Delivers Ultimatum To French Party Leaders 16 Premier Jules Moch served notice on Frances haggling political lead ers Sunday that if they do not come to terms he will form an allsocialist government at noon Moch delivered his ultimatum after conferring with the chiefs of the Catholic Popular Republican party Socialist spokesmen said the MRP party had agreed to meet at 9 3 EST and tel Moch whether or not they will go along with him by 11 the tough former interior minister whom Communists said as he finished conferences I can swear to you that there will be a government at noon to I can you only the name of the prime minister He is Jules There had been hopes of an early agreement when the Catholic Popular Republicans M R P agreed to take over both the fi nance and economic But the M R P leaders demanded that Socialists and Radical So cialists promise not to interfere with the policies of the two minis Moch After squeaking through his na tional assembly test of confidence Friday by one Mochs at tempts to make up a cabinet hit two snags Bickering by the leaders of the middleoftheroad parties over cabinet posts A new split the wageprice the same issue that toppled the cabinet of Henri The MRP demands for no In terference at once provoked pro tests from Socialists and Radical Sawyer Sees Five Million Out of Work 1 17 Monday thousand CIO Aluminum workers struck Monday as the nation reeled from its first twin steel and coal The combined walkouts have idled nearly of Commerce Charles Sawyer grimly predicts the weekold steel strike will idle if it runs to And Sawyer says he anticipates mass closings of small firms if steel inventory replacements do not become available before Theres not a sign of peace in either the steel or coal Government how are continuing their efforts to end the WiJiam Margolis of the Conciliation and Mediation serv made a futile llth hour at tempt to head off the strike of the CIO steelworkers against Where Theres Nb SmokoTheres a Strike The sky is blight and clear these days over usually smokechoked Pittsburgh as steel furnaces take strikeenforced Not a wisp rises at giant Homestead works of CarnegieIllinois Steel Sides will show blue over more for aluminum workers struck Monday Tired Session Eyes Tight Funds Riddle 16 A weary congress found itself Sun day in the bizarre position of near ing agreement on arms spending while deadlocked over the dollar cost of Americas own air The situation spotlighted one of the worst appropriations snarls in the history of The sen ate and house are almost four months behind schedule in closing the books on appropriations for the current fiscal Predict Vote Monday The air force holding up the armed forces money was one of the major problems in the path of a drive to adjourn Of ficials hope to finish up late this Senate leaders predict their ap propriations committee will vote Monday to send worth of arras aid to friendly na tions resisting the advances of The already has approved the The senate is expected to ap prove the measure with only token opposition from critics of the pro Drop Economy Drive An economy bloc appears to have dropped organized efforts to block the foreign anas spending or to cut it down in The measure earmarks in cash like amount in contract authority for the de fenses of Atlantic pact The balance of the funds would be used in the in China area if the president Senate and house were split ever the spending program for the armed forces row in conference Want 48 Croups The house voted to add more than to Harry S Trumans military budget to boost the air force strength from 48 to 58 The senate re fuses to go beyond the 48 But some senators say the sen ate may be forced to accept the house then hope that the president will not use the extra air force Tuman has said he does not want the 58 group air Senate and house conferees probably will get together again Monday in another try at breaking UM Fairless Find Selves In Agreement 16 CIO United Steelworkers boss Philip Murray and Benjamin United States Steel found a common ground The uncompromising adver saries in the steel strike both agreed that Pittsburgh should go ahead with its community fund drive despite the steel and coal Fund Director Leland Hazard had written both asking the advisability of going through with the Hazard said their were the same NEW PLAN Senator Spurs Farm Peace 16 Another 90 of parity proposal to break the deadlock between the senate and house over farm price supports was pushed forward Sun day by Allen Ellender one of the 14 congress men trying to find some way to patch up a wide split on whats best for the proposed a threeyear extension of the present 90 of parity floors under rice and pea nuts whenever maximum controls It is not quite as farreaching as the support plan that was agreed to and then rejected Satur he Milton Young one of the two senate conferees favoring Msrh level told a reporter I certainly could go along with the Ellender But there was no immediate in dication whether this idea would bring the conferees to a new agree Senate majority leader Scott Lucas also a farm bill said four lengthy closed door sessions of the group named to iron out differences between the two bodies have left us just about where we Chairman Elmer Thomas of the senate farm group added Unless we give farmers who are under acreage cutbacks and tight marketing controls at least 90 of parity there will be no farm bill in my House Group Trio Backs B36 Bomber 16 Three members of the house armed services committee said Sunday they still are for the B36 bomber in spiteof the navys low opinion of They are Price Brooks and RUday The committee is refereeing a Pentagon uproar over air war strategy and handlingof unifica It has heard the navys side and will turn to the other serv ices in public hearings this A fourth Bates told a reporter he thinks the air force ought to be allowed to defelop the giant inter continental bomber at least to the point where its true value as a weapon can be Top admirals have been saying about the same thing as while criticizing the heavy B36 purchase but by the same they the navy ought io be allowed to go ahead with a Price said he didnt want to bomb No one But the intercontinental bomber is here and wed better have one because the other fellow is going Kilday said he is for the most est and bestest weapons and the P36 is the best longrange bomber we Why certainly we need the Brooks WITHIN 15 DAYS Workers against northeastern soft Steel Walkout May Idle Two Million 16 NYT of Commerce Charles Saw yer warned Sunday of rapidly ris ing unemployment 16dayold steel strike He predicted that by 1 including the striking CIO would be unem He said that the definite up ward trend in business and employ ment of the summer had been halted by strikes and threats of In makinghis estimate he declared that from that date un employment will increase at an accelerated FiveWeek Strike By if the strike contin unemployment directly attrib utable to the strike will be approx imately Sawyer as Thevirtual paralysis of the na tions steel industry set in on the strike of 000 members of the United Mine southern and coal operators entered its fifth Sawyer in his forecast of the spreading effects of the steel stop page declared that soon after 15 approximately 80 of the pro duction of steelconsuming indus tries would be CuMown Between 1 and accord ing to available information on in ventories of iron and steel in the hands of massproduc tion industries as the auto metal ma electric appliance and and construction industries will find it necessary to reduce the number of their workers Saw yer By if the strike contin unemployment directly attrib utable to the strike will be approx imately It is estimated that by 1 there in be a complete shut down in the metalconsuming in he Small Shops Hit He declared that he was par ticularly concerned for the more than small manufacturers and thousands of serviceestablish ments dependent upon frequent steel inventory Small fabricators and other business directly or indirectly de pendent upon iron and steel sup plies have successfully weathered ilte postwar but in so doing have drawn heavily on their financial Sawyer These smaller he pointed must have fast distri bution of free stocks of steel to meet their operating needs and that a stoppage affects them soon er and more seriously larger than the AFL Turns Down War Chest Suggestion by UMW Chief 18 vately that organic unity of la suggestions that AFLs resources Officials of the American Federa tion of Labor Sunday turned down they pool the with those of the United Mine Workers and the Congress of Industrial Organiza tions to set up a joint strike They that indi vidual AFL unions probably would give financial assistance to striking CIO steel workers or TTnited Mine Workers if they are asked for AFL William Green was not available for comment on the strike fund made first by UMW John Lewis and then by Philip Murray of the CIO steel Other AFL leaders withheld of ficial comment but they said pri bor must come first before there can be any kind of cooperation with other segments of the badly split trades union Organic unity in AFL lan guage means the complete absorp tion of the UMW and ClOaf flliated unions into the It has been the chief stumbling block In all previous proposals for a unified labor Lewis last week called on the AFL to join with him in setting up a war chest to back Murrays fight for pensions in the steel He said the steel Insur ance companies and the Mellon and financial empires were waging a vast and barbaric at tack on the steel workers intended to destroy them and the rest ol the labor unions by Aluminum Company of He flew but returned to Washington and an Alcoa spokes man said his visit accomplished No Settlement Emerging from the meeting four hours Margolis told the United Press that its all There is no An Alcoa spokesman said company again expressed willing ness to out details of a set tlement and postponement of the strike action but that the Union refused to go CIO and United Steelworker President Philip Murray said set tlement of the twoweekold steel strike la now in the lap of the Alcoa reported negotiations col lapsed Friday night over the steeli workers refusal a pro vision that a proposed pension plan be subject to any future adjust ment in federal social security The giant aluminum company said it met the steelwovker de mand for six cents for pensions and four cents for Shut Down Steel The pension and insurance de mand is the same one that shut down the steel Some CIO members In nine Aluminum Company of Amer ica plants across the nation scheduled to strike at Monday night Philip president of the CIO and United Steelworkers said the union did not break off the Alcoa He charged that a company statement to that effect amounted to a lockout of its workers and that the union was willing to resume talks at any Murray declared the aluminum company pension proposal would have led io a reduction In the companys pitifully inadequate re tirement payment to Its old em Halt Own Obligations He added Under the guise of socalled in tegration with the federal social security the company proposed a plan for the virtual elimination of the companys so cial obligations to its retiring em Alcoa Monday began draining and banking huge aluminum smelting pots at its basic metal planta in and The other plants involved in the strike action are at New Kensing Edge and Mo All are fabricating plants which make everything from mod ern furniture to coffee pots and Half World Output Alcoa makes onehalf the worlds Only 50 of its production will be affected by a walkout Employes at 16 other company plants are represented by different The twin strikes of soft coal miners and steelworkers already are hammering relentlessly at the na tions About workers in allied industries have been affected by the bringing the total idle to the million The steel strike also broadened Monday to include some fabricat ing companies whose contracts ex pired at The fabricator contracts expire on dates stag gered from 15 to Number Undetermined The steelworkers union made no Immediate estimate of the number of fabricators closed How many steel products ufacturers continued to operate with union approval on a dayby day basis pending results in big Twentyeight fabricators em ploying about steelworkera have settled with the They agreed to pay the entire cost of the employe pension and in surance Murray was in today as part of his tour of centers to explain trim ;