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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - October 16, 1947, Salt Lake City, Utah
News broadcasts am and pm station Kall 6 Inlet Mountain network vol 156 no 2 Wka Thek increasing thurs Day with Light rain in Northwest on Salt Lake City Utah thursday morning october 16 1917 Price five cents Wallace says Forrestal Fosters War defense chief to Wall Street bloc for world Rule Baltimore oct 15 up Henry a Wallace wednesday accused secy of defense James v Forrestal of masterminding the activities of the Wall Street War group in washing ton at the same time he came out with a Surprise endorsement of his old enemy former secy of state James f Byrnes As an advocate of peace did understanding with Russia the former vice president made no direct mention of forr Stals former connections with Dillon read co new York brokerage firm but to told a news Confer ence Forrestal Heads up the Wall Street militaristic Point of View in Washington this Wall Street crowd is out for world domination these boys Are feeling their strength not bother spill ing any Beans to spoil what we stand for Russia had a similar under the czars Dodges naming Wallace who came Here for a final speech before a progressive citizens of America rally wednes Day night before leaving by plane Friday for Palestine said several Ether members of the com Mand in the state department and the new unified defense setup was a part of the War group in Washington but Forrestal was the Only one he would name publicly he Jaid the Forrestal Troup which he linked with Wall Street companies that profit from huge army and Navy contracts is whooping it p for big National defense appropriations i intend to show he added that these unnecessary expenditures reach into every housewives Kitchen and will Lead to inflation and Scarcity on a worldwide scale whooping it up for big National defense budget in half comment ii 6n wallaces Surprise Pat on the Back i or Burnen came when news men sought his comment on Byrnes memoirs s p e a i n g frankly in which the former state department chief said the United states might have to make peace with Germany Austria and Japan without Russia Byrnes wrote that if All peaceful Steps failed it might be necessary to use Force to expel the red army from Germany during a bitter foreign policy dispute Byrnes in september Wallace was fired As Secre tary of Commerce in pres Harry s Truman Cabinet at Byrnes insistence Byrnes disclosed in his memoirs that he had informed or Truman that Wallace had destroyed in a Day the bipartisan foreign policy which Tho administration had built up after a Long struggle Wallace said he had not read All of Byrnes Book but i Felt the net effect of it was for peace and understanding with Russia Byrnes quite moderate i would take a far less alarm ing View of it than the headline writers he added it seems to measure up As a definite program for peace or Byrnes on the whole tends to be Quie moderate i Arn sure that or Al Shunsky Andrei Vishinsky chief soviet Delegate to the United nations could find much More outstanding ser fane6 column 1 speaking frankly big 3 split on Reich born at Yalta meet thin in second in a Nirta of 20 sri Plaj from Iii Book Josef Stalin of flesh in sought Pound reparations by James f Byrnes the Yalta conference opened on sunday feb i 1945 or a rising tide of Allied victories the German counteroffensive in the West had been stopped in the bloody Snow of the ardennes Forest and we were preparing to launch our drive across the russians had begun the drive on Frontier that was to end in Berlin three months later the situation was such that at one time pres Roosevelt and marshal Stalin had engaged in Light banter As to whether they should Wager that the red army would get to Berlin before the american army re captured Manila our chief objective for the conference was to secure agree ment on the Dumbarton Oaks proposals for the creation of an International peace Organiza Tion but the rapid of our armies required also urgent consideration to Given to euro Pean political and military prob lems it was natural then that the president with the agree ment of the other members opened the conference with the suggestion to discuss what we shall do with Germany Stalin immediately made it Clear that he wanted to discuss the terms of the German sur Render the future form of the German state or states Para tons and the allocation of a zone of occupation to France in the fall of 1944 the soviet Union and the provisional government of France had entered into a treaty of Friendship it was immediately obvious at Yalta however that the treaty and the Friendly words exchanged Over it by the had not changed in any degree marshal stains opinion on the contribution of France should play Little part in the control of Germany and stated that Yugoslavia and Poland were More entitled to consideration than France Stalin to France occupation zone when Roosevelt and Churchill proposed that France be allotted a zone of occupation Stalin agreed but it was Clear he agreed Only because the French zone was to be taken out of the territory allotted to the kingdom and posed giving France a representative on the Allied control Council for Germany he undoubtedly concurred in the opinion expressed to the president by or Molotov that this should be done Only As a kindness to France and not because she is entitled to it i am in favor of France be ing Given a zone Stalin declared but i cannot forget that in this War France opened the Gates to the enemy he maintained it would create difficulties to give France a zone of occupation and a representative on the Allied control Council and refuse the same treatment to others who had fought More than France he said France would soon demand that de Gaulle attend the big three conferences Churchill argued strongly in favor of Frances being represented on the Council he Laid the British Public would not understand if questions affecting France and the French zone Winston Churchill fought for France teat at Council tables olo11u wui0 settled without her participation in the discussion it did not follow As Stalin had France would demand de Gaul Les participation in the conferences of the big three he added and in his Best humor or Churchill said the conference was a very exclusive club the Entrance fee being at least five million soldiers or the equivalent were though Byrnes advises direct Contact with Stalin As Way to peace by j m Roberts or James f Byronh the former pc rotary of state intimate re strongly that he thinks someone should go directly to Stalin in Effort to the tons on Between the United states and Russia it is always Best to talk to the Man with the Powers to decide nays Byrnes adding men who want to preserve peace can generally find a Way to do it Winston Churchill says the rus sians if they really intended to make War would be Locking to Lull us into a fall Al sense of Security instead of directing such bitter propaganda attacks Churchill and Byrnes agree that firm tactics Are needed Here we have two of the Best informed men in the world working on a problem which shapes up something like this Russia is not preparing for an immediate War firmness and As Barnfi stresses patience May avoid the Prospect of any War at All the democracies must continue to display a will for peace but must seek to find if there is a real will for peace on the other the democracies All wanted peace desperately in 1938 they were not dealing with Power which wanted Icaca Stalin however feared there would be such a demand he said gun evil de Gaulle was very unrealistic and reiterated that even France had not done much fighting in the War yet de Gaulle has demanded equal rights with the soviets the British and the americans who have done the fighting president Roosevelt did not take Issue with Stalin on de Gaulle the president had great admiration for prance and its people but he did not Admire de Gaulle on several occasions referred to a conversation at Casablanca in which de Gaulle compared himself with Joan of arc As the spiritual Leader of France and with Clemenceau As there always arises the question of How much anyone wants it should Truman go to Moscow and Jig Reo to the demand of Stalin once to Hitler for a free hand with to Balkan an Central european flt Atoa the Dardanelles Iran and the persian Gulf Finland and the Baltic states would even Thabo Sakenas surety hardly too much War strategy is involved what then would insure peace would anything less than russian renunciation ot1 these dreams coupled with a sudden willingness to live peacefully at Home and develop what is generally considered hers that would mean the end of the bolshevik revolution and there might be peace but the end of that revolution is not yet in sight it will not end no matter what Stalin or anyone else says until the totalitarian subscribe to the belief that individual rights Are More important even than perfectly integrated eco assuming1 that dictatorship might Ever provide the lat Ter until then peace will depend upon the physical strength of the democracies to hold the revolution in Check Seal in like Hitler is rid ing a movement whose halt would Mann the collapse of his regime he cant agree to that the political Leader delay on France Issue president Roosevelt first Opin Ion was not Toinsie stupor giving frence representation on the Al lied Council if she were allotted a zone As the argument proceeded however the president said he wished to consider further that phase of the question and asked that action be delayed the follow ing Day or Hopkins Averell har Riman our ambassador to the soviet Union and i urged upon the president the View that France should be represented on the coun cil that they could not accept a zone without such representation and that any other action would greatly humiliate them the presi Dent finally reached the same conclusion and Heater succeeded in inducing Stalin to agree with him during All the consideration of the German question at Yalta reparations were the chief interest of the soviet delegation at the conference table marshal Stalin Between or Molotov see Page 6 columns Secretary of state gets convention badge secy of state George o Marshall beams As he receives a Cio convention badge from James b Cary left Cio Secretary treasurer Philip Murray president of the Union is looking on political party move Dies at Al meet san Francisco oct 15 american federation of labor wednesday night roared Down a proposal that it Foster a labor political party and voted unanimously instead to set up an Independent political league to work for the election of candidates favourable to labor in the 1918 elections the convention authorized executive Council to Convene the presidents of the 106 International unions to work out a political program into states counties and precincts and to draft the method for financing the program v separate move killed a separate attempt to get the convention to go on record for a labor political party was Defeated in other important actions at an extraordinary night session tie 66th convention reaffirmed Al policy that the Cio must merge with the Al before any joint programs Are undertaken and referred ithe controversial Hollywood jurisdictional strike to the executive Council without de Bate Al sources said parties to the Hollywood dispute held a meeting wednesday afternoon and agreed to let the executive coun cil continue its efforts to Settle the disputes Lewis wins round earlier John l Lewis defied the Al to Stop his Catchall District 50 Union from organizing workers in the building and Metal trades Fields and won his Point whole matter was referred to the executive Council instead of acting on a Resolution proposed by the majority of the resolutions committee which would have threatened Large Sog ments of Lewis miscellaneous District 50 the convention voted to refer that Resolution and a Lewis sponsored minority report to the executive Council this was the procedure which Lewis had advocated in a sur prise new attack on his associates in the federation Lewis in the Man Euver which sent the whole controversy to the executive Council instead of permitting the overwhelming majority to squelch Lewis on the convention floor for the second Day in a Row was made by Williaml big Bill Stitcheson of the carpenters Hutcheson brought up the historic split of 1035 when the United mine workers walked out of the of l As part of Lewis great drive in mass production industries with the formation of the Congress of Industrial organizations he told the convention that it had been the a f is aim to get1 the United mine workers Back in column3 tirades in u n not War talk new York oct 15 ins v Johnson american Delegate to the United nations said wednesday that the charges made at United nations meet Ings this month would probably have precipitated War in any other generation in a speech delivered at the opening of the 1947 fund raising Campaign of the visiting nurse service of new York Johnson said he found encouragement in the fact that the charges caused no international1 repercussions of the u n meeting plows into Peak 3 dead 4 injured brought out from crashed plane Colorado Springs Colo oct 15 dead and four injured fliers were brought to Camp Carson Hospital wednesday night from an Iowa National guard transport plane which smashed into snowy pikes Peak 24 hours earlier in a blinding storm the c47 plane which took off from Hill Field Utah tuesday afternoon after arriving earlier from its Home base at pcs Moines la to pick up surplus War material became lost As it headed into Denver through the driving storm f As Lowry Field officers in Den last survivors saved from Atlantic plane new York oct 15 coastguard Cutter Bibb wednes Day rescued 18 persons who spent a hazardous night on a crippled flying boat in the North Atlantic and then headed for port with All 69 of the planes survivors Safe aboard the Bibb whose Crew had worked under Adverse weather for nearly 24 hours in removing men women and Chil Dren from the distressed trans Atlantic plane pointed her Bow for Boston 1605 Miles away from the crash scene stuck ran Low the Bibbs skipper capt Paul b Cronk and his Strong nerved Crew brought 17 men and one woman to safety at Dawn to com plete the Rescue of 62 passengers and seven crewmen of the big flying boat which crash landed near the Cutter tuesday when fuel ran Low capt Cronk snid he expected to arrive in Boston at 10 am est sunday the plane the Bermuda sky Queen was ditched about 820 Miles East of Argentia Newfoundland on a Westward flight from Ireland Shock exposure except for Shock and exposure the rescued were none the worse for their perilously close Call with death the skipper reported before leaving the scene where skillful seamanship and great daring effected the Rescue the Bibb sighted her guns on the sky Queen owned by american inter National charter serv sunk the plane twp Bames among the rescued withstood Best the Rigours of the plane pitching in 35ft Waves and the hazardous Transfer to the Cut Ter by Lifeboat and life raft capt Cronk rep6rted a great Relief he also radioed As the Bibb dipped toward Calmer seas that there an acute shortage of diapers aboard displaying understatement to coast guard Headquarters Here Cap Cronk radioed we feel very much relieved that this experience is Over Many accounts of individual heroism were yet to be told but the skipper said that it j g Clarence s Hall of Avon mass who became a father while the Bibb was on weather patrol last night had the pleasure of rescuing a baby not much older than his he got quite a Jolt out of it seamen say a person can sur Vive Only about 20 minutes in the North Atlantic in this season Evergreen West of ver reconstructed the crash the plane was circling blindly in the Clouds Huntingfor Lowry off course for a time it was Over the resort area 30 Miles Denver then cutting South the plane crashed at 10000 feet into the North slope of the famous Peak which rises 14109 feet in the front Range entered at Evergreen while an Aerial search fanned out Froin Denver and a ground search entered in Evergreen one of the injure men John w Knight 28 of llpbt57th St Des Moines stumbled Dazely in Waist deep Snow Down a Moun Tain Trail in search of Aid the Iowa National guard in pcs Moines wednesday night identified the dead As staff sgt aloy Sius Kissell 27 staff sgt Jack m glider 3s and sgt Leo Sim Mons ail of pcs Monea those reported seriously injured the guard said were maj Robert r Oliver Albert Lea Minn maj Joe Parks Minneapolis and it d d Cleary Minneapolis sgt Knight wan reported out of danger the six men left in the plane were brought out by volunteers from the 15th air Force head quarters and the sheriffs office Lay unconscious Knight told rescuers that he Lay unconscious in the wreckage until from the time of the crash about pm most until 9 am morning he tried to Aid his companions then stumbled out of the plane brushed Snow off the wings and fuselage so the plane could be seen from the air an then having no idea where he was went in search of Aid shortly afterwards a Colorado Springs Deer Hunter Leonard Detherage 28 saw Sun rays reflecting on the Silver sides of the plane and clambered up to it through thick Timber and foot deep Snow As he approached he heard a voice Call out got any water inside the crushed fuselage Detherage found six men with both the dead and the living wrapped in Silken parachutes Knight had done this before set Ting out for help Detherage said Only one of the survivor was Able to talk Detherage said the plane struck the Northwest Corner of pikes Peak and slowed along a ride remaining fairly Well intact after skiing on its belly through Snow and Timber America facing gravest peril Marshall warns tells Cio meet to combat extinction of democracy Boston mass oct 15 of state George c Marshall wednesday made a fresh plea for urgent emergency economic Aid to Europe and warned that Western civilisation was More endangered than Ever before America he said must face the facts and avoid the great Folly of trying to stand aloof from the rest of the world we Are faced with the danger of actual disappearance of the characteristics of Western civilization on which our government and our manner of living Are based Marshall told the annual Conven Tion of the Congress of Industrial organizations 5 nations add support to interim u n Al be Lake Success oct 15 up secy of state George c Marshall s program for a Yea around United nations Assembly committee gained the support of five More nations wednesday Uruguay China Belgium Salvador and Turkey rallied Hind the Marshall plan in the 5 nation political committee of Assembly they joined the United states Australia Bolivia and the dominican Republic Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia meanwhile carried on the soviet bloc Campaign against the whole idea lining up with Russia in a denunciation of the source Dos would emphasize a jews vigorous Little Assembly proposal those three members of the soviet group so far have been the Only nations in the important committee to fight the Marshall political plan British push withdrawal Oiler developments in the u n 1 an authoritative closed Britain thursday in her second declaration to the Assembly special Palestine committee her intention of with drawing completely from the holy land if the Assembly Faili to reach solution on which the Arabi and can agree this source Laid talks already were in Progress be tween London and Jerusalem concerning the Date of withdrawal Lebanon renewed the Arab attack on the u s in a Long speech to the committee while Yemen in its first speech since becoming a member upheld the Arab Case in the pales Tine Issue 2 the u s and Britain charged in the 57nation Legal committee that Russia wanted them to Force the return of some 400000 voluntarily exiled citizens from the occupation zone in Germany these charges came after Russia asked that the u n order a halt to recruiting of displaced persons for forced labor elsewhere examination or Herbert v Evatt austra Lian foreign minister tossed in a Short proposal that the committee Send the american plan plus All amendments and suggestions to a subcommittee for examination Evatt who said he thought the Marshall proposal was one of the most important to face this Assem Bly said he had no suggestions for members of the committee but one of the key delegates on the committee said this subgroup would be made up of Topflight men John Foster Dulles u s Dele Gate who presented the opening talk on the Marshall proposal tuesday remained silent wednes Day while the yugoslav and czech delegates spoke informed sources said he does not plan to answer them or an Dre y Vishinsky soviet Deputy foreign minister who has called Dulles a warmonger and who continued his attack on Dulles tuesday Juraj slavic Czechoslovakia asserted the american proposal is an attempt to approach the veto problem through Entrance and is jeopardize peace and Security the servants liable to poultry in cold storage rises to record High for oct 1 i Washington oct 15 the agriculture department re ported wednesday on the eve of poultry less thursday that poultry stocks in cold storage on oct 1 were the largest for that Date on record the stocks increased 23000000 ibs during september to reach a total of 206000000 ibs this report Given without com ment by the department headed by secy Clinton p Anderson came As the hottest controversy facing the citizens food committee threat ened to flare up again it concerns the Wisdom of the committees re quest that americans refrain from eating fowls and eggs on thurs Day to save the Grain it takes to produce them critics contend the idea wont save Grain committee chairman Charles Luckman has said he is not convinced that this Contention Correct but that if further study shows it is the program will be changed the Issue will come up monday at a joint meeting of poultry producers Grain and feed dealers and members of the staff of the com Mittee i the poultry less thursdays Are one feature the administration drive to conserve 100000000 Bush Els of Grain by mid1948 to help feed Western europeans the agriculture department1 re port noted that cold storage hold Ings of Shell eggs were the lowest for oct 1 since the government started keeping records More than 25 years they totalled 2800 000 cases the total of stored eggs including Frozen and dried As Well As Shell was equivalent to 12200 000 cases or 1000000 cases below the figure of a year ago on the nations commodity mar see Page i column 3 his speech was studded with the gravest language he has in americas cold War with Auwia taut at no Point the soviet Union or communism mentioned specifically Basic i Bubuc of it endow the Basic Issue is simply whether or not men Are to free to organize their social Politi Cal and economic existence in accordance with their desires mar shall said whether the Yare to have their lives arranged and dictated for them by Small of men who have arrogated to them selves this arbitrary Power the Issue As old As recorded history but in the world today it has assumed More managing pro portions than Ever before great enemy of democracy Al ways been the concentration of arbitrary Power in a few hands fight dictatorial Marshall also 1 advised labor to fight dictatorial regimes because labor would be the first victim if labor can be confused or embittered if labor can be made to lose Faith in the Community of which it forms it part then com of any National society is threatened the new new of democracy know this and it explains the efforts they make to undermine the of labor element in the stability of our institutions and the soundness of our traditions 2 said the Basic problem of world recovery is production the immediate requirements at this time Are food and Coal 3 warned that Europe was entering a precarious Winter and must make every possible Effort to reach the production rates now envisioned Europe cannot wait 4 said Europe could not wait for Long Range economic to worked out there now exists the urgent necessity for positive interim measures to prevent a fatal deterioration in economic and psychological Marshall noted that congressional committees will meet next month to study the problem and already the United states is hav ing meatless and egg less Days Marshall stirs Cio support Boston oct 15 con Gress of Industrial organizations wednesday night called for prompt action on european Aid after hearing secy of George c Marshall declare that such a move was urgent because the world faces actual disappear Ance of the Western which american living is based top Cio leaders spoke in sup port of american foreign policy without a single dissenter and the convention unanimously favored Aid which Philip Murray president said would go beyond the Marshall plan if necessary the two hour discussion Fol Lowed marshalls declaration that food Suid Coal Are immediate requirements for Europe Walter p is Uther president of the United automobile asserted that the Power of Ameri can Economy must be geared to human needs Reuther asked that labor be Given a place at the Council tables in Washington that la now or Bor be drawn into Active participation in carrying out foreign policy he said the same people in the Cio who were calling Roosevelt a warmonger in 1940 Are calling Truman a warmonger George Baldanzi executive president of the textile workers said that american officials had been denounced in Russia and that the president has been called a Hitler he shouted he be a Hitler be cause if he were a Hitler Russia would work out a pact with him Van Bittner director of the Cio organizing committee said any group anywhere in the world that says the United states wants just saying some thing thatis absolutely untrue and they know it
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