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View Sample Pages : Salt Lake Tribune, October 14, 1949

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - October 14, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS Intonuoantala Network Station KALL Mondaj Thtouik ftitiy WEATHER Ftir snd wanner Details OB 35 183 SALT LAKE FRIDAY OCTOBER 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS UEA Urged To Teach Peace Aims Speaker Cites Need For Education To Avert War III Modern warfares offensive weapons are so devastating that military tactics alone no longer mean security to the the Utah Education heard Thursday ia first general session of ita threeday attorney and member of the New York City board of told more than 8500 Utah teachers and educators jammed into the Salt Lake taber nacle that neither the navy or the bombcarrying B36 can in sure us peace or The only thing that will do It is a gigantic job of educating the world from anxiety and hostility to faith and he de Cites Lack of Faith Lack of faith in our Amer ican system and in the possibilities of improving mankind has had much to do with developing cur rent attitudes both ways in the Russian Marshall criticized Harry S Truman for his recent declaration that he was not neces sarily anxious to hear about a new Russian atom control We must regard our relations with Russia not as a battle to be the speaker but as a problem to be prob lem similar to a wayward You do not allow him to terrorize you but you give him a chance to gain confidence in himself and faith in Peace Marshall cited the long and fanatical conflict between Moslem and Christian worlds as proof that seemingly irreconcilable positions do not require destruction of the He offered four main points for peace and urged educators sup port Develop as much trade as Encourage visits by people from the 3 Provs that capitalism is not Trumans program to develop backward areas of the Put our own house in in regard to Denies Teachers Selfish William UEA described efforts of the association to obtain pass age of favorable legislation and denied that teachers are a selfish pressure group interested only in their own Miss Maud Salt Lake second vice welcomed into the association 550 new teachers whom she urged to help build a better first vice presi conducted the No new nominations for officers presented at the but earlier in the at a meet ing of ths house of Isaac a teacher at South high Salt Lake SeePage Column 4 UEA PROGRAM Educators Weigh Problems of Teachers Discussing the problems of educators before the opening session of the Utah Education con vention are William UEA Los and James New York speakers at sessions of the threeday French Name Moch Chief By Slim Vote 14 national assembly early Friday ap proved Socialist Jules srocn as the next premier of France by the narrow margin of two An official announcement said 311 votes were cast in Mochs favor and 223 He needed a bare minimum of 310 The announcement of the tally came after almost three hours of turmoil occasioned by the protest of an absentee Mochs mar gin was the lowest vote of ap proval given by the assembly to an incoming premier in postwar Starts Forming Cabinet now is free to form a new government to succeed the cabinet of Henri leader of the Radical Socialist Moderate resigned as pre mier 6 after a split developed in his government over how to solve Frances mounting wage price Strong police forces were posted outside the assembly to prevent demonstrations during the 12 hours of debate which preceded the vote on Communistthreatened work stoppages were scarcely no Moch gained a reputation as a strong man as interior minister he crushed the Commu nistled strike of last Proposes Program He has proposed a program in cluding a wage bonus to be paid immediately to the lowestpaid OCCUPATION MM INTENT Red Vanguards Reach Outskirts of Canton HONG 11 from the city proper was uncer vanguards have tain but was believed to be between reached the suburbs of a telephone report from the city said early A telephone report from Can ton at 8 said that Commu nist forces had not yetentered ths city and that the mayor and high ranking Nationalist army including South China Commander Yu still were The last Nationalist government officials had abandoned the capital city by plane The telephone message said some lootinghad broken out in the city but that most of the Cantonese stayed indoors behind barricaded awaiting the red armys The Communists exact distance Education include and J tary education Church of Jesus Christ of Latter day and higher education joint Assembly Temple 2 education sec Assembly 2 Higher education see to col lective During the debate that program drew fire from both the left and the sources of conflict in the voting on Moch came from a protest made over the absentee vote cast by Deputy Pierre Mon who is attending the United Nations assembly in New member of the right wing Republican Party of Liberty Barratt 60 had left his vote with general ses Under normal French vot jing procedure absentee members their votes cast for Hotel Utah Polls i may have open from to 5 GOODWILL TOUR India Cannot Be Nehru Tells Lawmakers 13 UFl India cannot be and shall not be neutral where freedom is menaced or justice threatened or agression takes Prime Minister Ja warharlal Nehru told congress The slender leader of Indias millions addressed first the house of then the sen He wore western style cloth ing and spoke in easy Eng The lawmakers received his as surance with loud who is in the United States on a monthlong good will rejected the idea that con flict is M ah at ma he taught a technique of action which was and yet it and yielded results which led not only to freedom but to friendship with those with whom we were until yesterday in Nehru admitted he does not know whether the principle of passive can be applied successfully to a wider field of But ha said he has no doubt of the basic soundness of that He said it necessary to meet aggression and resist employ ing force adequate to the pur But even when preparing to resist the ultimate the objective of peace must never be lost sight and heart and mind must attuned to this three and six There were wild scenes of hys teria at White Cloud airfield as pistolwielding troops and minor officiAls tried to force their way aboard the last Some air craft were machinegunned as they sped down the The before put the final defenses in the hands of Yu It was his job in 1938 to turn Canton over to the Japanese without firing One of the last high officials to leave was Garrison Li Chilan who took off at about 10 in Day Acting Li Tsungjen left earlier in the Before fleeing ha announced that the Chinese Nationalist government will func tion from the new cocapital of Chungking as of By cocapital he presumably meant there would be some gov ernment action at For where Generalissimo Chiang Kaishek already had taken All airlines into Canton ceased operation and the Canton airport radio quit operating at 5 Only a few planes of the Chinese Attlee Decides Against 49 Election Plan Oct 13 Prime Minister Attlee put a stop Thurs day to Britains big political guess ing game by announcing there will be no general election in i National Aviation remained I in Canton and hoped to leave The announcement as neatly timed wet blanket smack in the middle of the threeday annual rally of the Conservative ths major opposition to Attleeg Labor Tories Sought Early Vote Winston Churchill and other Conservative leaders had called for early Friday before the red armies reach the Last Traces The last traces of the National ist government was the ministry of national defense which took off through foggy skies for Chung Pacification command head charge of the anti Communist a river an early vote as a test of the govboat for Hong Kong after Li and Ipff for their Unan ernments economic did not give He told London Conserva tive organization Thursday night We are quits indifferent to the data of ths so long as we are not taken by surprise anil are ready for it in every Sooner the Better From a national point of the sooner the election A continuance of the present un certainty and friction can only be an impedimenfto national Attlee gave the nation his deci sion in a formal statement after the first meeting of his full cabi net since the government slashed the value of the pound from to 18 Attlees Statement Having regard to disturbing ef fects on trade and industry and on the general effort by the con of as to ah early general the prims minister thinks it right to inform the country of his decision not to advise his majesty to dissolve par liament ttvis The dissolution or parliament bring an immediate general The British do not use a fixed date election system like that of the United The decision means that the Labor gov ernment will stay in the saddle until next at and pos jhis cabinet left for their unan nounced There were indications Li was en route to Chungking via Kweilin to which the last government troops in central China were with Premier Yen Hsishan in Denfeld Charges Defense Rulings Imperil Nation Truman Tags Nations Defense as Adequate Lucas Accuses DP Bill Foes Of Filibuster 13 UP senate Dem ocratic charged Thurs day that foes of the administra tions displaced persons bill were conducting a Lucas said the opposition was resorting to talkathon tactics in an effort to kill the measure dur ing the closing days of the ses He said he had given up hope of adjourning congress by Satur day and still intends to pass the bill regardless of how long it I think we can pass it all he The the last item on the senates must schedule for this was pried out of the judiciary committee Wednesday after a long Cain Alms Blow Harry opened debate with a demand that it be sent back to This would kill the bill for this Cain the senate had better be prepared to debate the bill for several The passed by the house several months would raise the number of DPa to be admitted to this country from in two years to It also would revise the present law to eliminate what Harry S Truman has called antisemitic and antiCatholic re Cites McCarrang Absence Arguing to send the bill back to the judiciary Cain said it never should have been brought to the floor during the absence of Chairman Pat McCar a foe of the meas ure who now is in Harley acting committee chair accused Cain of violating senate rules by casting reflections on the integrity of committee Cain acknowledged ho vis criticizing the action of some members but insisted the bill should be sent back to committee at least until McCarran McCarran is not expected back for at least two more Loufo Denfeld Sees plot to scrap uavy marine AN EMERGENCY visiting He was j 12 Fliers Die in B50 Britain Crash 13 air force BSO atom bomber carrying pounds of ordinary crashed with a blinding explosion in a farmyard near here All 12 crewmen aboard were The big fourengmed ship was on a practice bomDmg run to Heli goland across the North quent target of American and British practice it plunged to earth about s mile southeast of this Cambridgeshire Walls Give The deafening blast of its ex ploding bombs shook the country side for miles blowing out windows and cracking walls of many houses in the immediate It sounded like the war all over said Abel farmer who lives six miles from crash expected back in but the after waiting for him for two flew off without The big bomber plunged to earth at EST only minutes after It took off from the Lakenheath air The scene was about 55 miles north of Witnesses said the ham pered by a heavy fired several warning rockets as the plane plum its tail apparently on Picks Open Area They said the pilot seemed to be trying to head the ship toward an uninhabited The dead Msjor First John Dryer Kansas 1st Robert 1st Robert Robert radar Delmas Tule Paul Butler Jury Retires For Night In Red Trial NEW 13 The jury deliberating the verdict in the conspiracy trial of 11 top Communist leaders retired to a hotel Thursday night with out reachinga The four men and eight women on whose decision rests the fate of tha American Communist party were instructed by Judge Harold Medina to resume their debate on the guilt or innocence of the partys 11man at Nine Month Trial After a historic ninemonth the case had gone to the jury at Thursday but they were la tn njnrlrlv nn a Ver dict they noti fied the judge that they were tired and would like to retire for the They had been deliberating for six hours and 25 minutes with an hour out for Medina quickly agreed to permit the jury panel to retire for the The jurors were ushered from the wellguarded federal courthouse by marshals and taken to the Knickerboker hotel in a chartered Nervously Wait Verdict The 11 who had waited nervously and who had de clined to predict what the verdict would be when polled by the United Press Thursday were charged with conspiring to teach and advocate the violent over throw of the United States gov The 11 are Eugene Communist general secretary Jacob propaganda direc tor Gilbert Illinois state party chairman John Daily Worker editor Benjamin Davis New York council man Gus Ohio state party chairman Irving Potash party labor leader Robert New York state party chairman John party labor sec retary Henry organiza tional secretary and Car Michigan state In his charge to the Medina said that if you are satisfied that the defendants wilfully con spired to teach and advocate vio lent overthrow of the they should be found The crime said the is Other he were supreme and not swayed or aibly to the end of its full five by hatred or tenn in Family Welcomes FourofKind Quadruplet Girls SAULT 13 girls were bom prematurely Thurs day to The attending physician said the mother was doing well the babies had an excellent chance for Their weights ranged from 3 3 to 3 7 John McDonald said he delivered the first child at and the fourth 17 minutes He said he had warned to expect a mul tiple birth but was as surprised Ariz as the parents over the radio opera The Hargraves have Julius Harold I flight and two other The astonished father said McDonald broke the news to him by See Hargraves Oct 13 Harry S Trumaa Thurs day described the nations defenses as although tho navys 1 officer complained that naval aviation and marine corps are in danger of being Louis chief of naval made complaint before the house armed services invest gating bitter row in the high command over grand Denfeld said that under the unified defense the army and air force can actually control the and often He said also that the air force has argued for complete elimination of the car rier task the most powerful instrument of modern The he has urged its serious Lashes at Policies Right after the chief of naval operations had smashed at handl ing of the unification law snd the navys treatment in the Pentagons top reporters heard from Truman that he sees no rea son to change fundamentals of de fense Truman declines comment on testimony of Denfeld or other admirals who hve rapped air force emphasis on the B36 for atom bombing while they con tended naval aviation is being neg said the defense policy is It is He by the presi dent as commander in chief after consultation with the defense sec retaries and the chiefs of staff and in based on the advice of the chiefs of Hear Other Admirals Besides fleet admiral Chester Nimitz and Admiral retired head of the naval war testified Thurs They credited Russia with plenty of submarine power in dicated they are worried about I consider Betting the counter to the modern submarine to be our navys most important Spruance said we cant be sure that Russias air force is not equal or even than Nimitz said the atom bomb should not be considered our main weapon of Denfeld argued that in the uni fied defense organization the navy is outvoted two to He con tended it is not a full partner as Navy Outvoted he strongly as sailed arbitrary reductions in navy fuadg voted by This was an obvious crack at of Defense Louis who will explain to the committee next week about his economy Denfeld ia the man who must deal with the army and air force in the joint chiefs of defense policy making where each service has one He strongly implied that this body was overstepping its rights when he urged that its activities be limited to those listed in the Denfeld gave the navys case a ringing summation as he closed its presentation before the committee which is trying to referee the de fense departments family argu ment over the best way to win a Blast Draws Applause His vigorous condemnation of the Pentagons high command brought loud applause from the roomful of naval high praise from the top Democratic and Republican committee mem Carl Vinson and Dewey Short Next week the other two serv ices will have their right after the marine corps goes to bst on Then the navy will wind it up in Denfeld hinted that the army and air force are not sticking to what they say in public that there Column 2 Senate Votes Pay Funds In Air Row 13 UP senatehouse row over 400 air planes was so tight Thursday that the senate voted to give the Defense department emergency spending powers until The emergency bin was rushed through the senate to the navy and air force can meet their pay rolls if congress should adjourn this session out settling the airplane It was reported In how that the house would turn down the maneuver and insist on a settlement of the airplane once and for The planes represent the differ ence between a 48group air advocated by Harry S Tru man and the senate and the 58 groups insisted on by the Truman reiterated his approv al of the pareddown figure at his Thursday press Funds are provided in the multt billion dollar defense appropria tion in a conference The senate and house have voted overwhelmingly to stand pat and for both sides have refused to budgt an George Mahon chairman mili tary spending Im plied that and the sen ate have failed to recognize significance of Russias explosion of the He argued that the extra planes voted by the house are necessary for the continental defense of the United Truman Raps Olds Ouster 18 Harry S Truman said Thursday that the senates rejec tion of Leland Olds for reappoint ment to the federal power com mission was a bad He did not and re ferred reporters to the senate rec ord when they asked him why he though Olds was turned The senate rejected Olds by a 53 to 15 vote early Thursday morning after a night of angry Opponents charged that his writings of 20 years ago showed proCommunist sym and that he stilt had no love for the free enterprise sys his supporters countered that Olds was being crucified by power interests who hated him because he was enforcing federal power The president said he had no one in mind to replace Olds who previously had served two five year Signs Million BiU 13 President Harry S Truman Thurs day signed the army civil functions appropriation bill carrying funds for army engineer flood control and navigation STRIKE SETTLEMENT TERMS Lewis Asks 3035c Per Ton Increase By ASSOCIATED PRESS John Lewis told the soft coal operators Thursday they could end the miners strike at a price of 30 lo 35e more lor ton The he could meet the extra expense out of The mine union chief also said his striking miners would go back to work under bona fide government control of the But he said seizure should be a last Harry S Truman said he has no thought of taking over the If such a step should be he told a news he would investigate Robert his powers to do The developments dashed cold water on hopes of a quick settle Lewis said peace parleys with the coal operator groups were Operators showed lit tle enthusiasm for Lewis pro who held a 75mlnute news also charged that powerful financial and steel interests had set up road blocks impeding a coal He asserted they wanted no coal peace until they battled it out in As federal mediators made a fourth try at settling the steel dis Lewis blasted their efforts in the coal He said con ciliation director Cyrus mediation efforts last week were inconsequential fu Chine got both sides to to resume bargainingIn to end the strike t an that agree effort started Ching concentrated his early ef forts in the steel dispute on Bethlehem Steel These par leys were held in New Chins also has talks scheduled with other major steel producers and CIO United Steelworkers union whose members struck The steel strike showed tigni of spreading of another half million employed in fabricating plants begin expiring Expira tion dates run through midDecem The union ia making demand for free pensions and in surance that led to strilw tsj buie ;