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View Sample Pages : Salt Lake Tribune, November 14, 1949

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - November 14, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS btorBMwtata Network tfcmtfc WEATHER Fair M4 CmtlMMd Mild II 31 SALT LAKE MONDAY NOVEMBER PRICE FIVE CENTS Acheson Hits Reich Arms Talk Rumors Secretary Scotches Report Rampant In Western Sector 13 of State Dean Acheson Sunday emphati cally denied reports that the Paris conference of foreign min or any otherrecent confer ence had discussed plans to revive a German Referring both to his meetings with the British and French for eign ministers last week and to the rapid succession of confer ences with German leaders here Acheson dismissed the armyquestion with That was not Fill In Acheson made the statement at informal press conference after six hours of whirlwind talks with west German dur ing which he sketched for them the outline of the decisions at particularly the plan for halting dismantling in the Ruhr and other industrial The three allied high commis McCloy Sir Brian Robertson Brit ain and Andre FrancoisPoncet France will meet with west German Chancellor Konrad Ade nauer Tuesday to fill in the de Until Germans will have to wait to hear about the west German role in the world battle against Denies Reich The Paris decisions never have been made Reliable sources the foreign minis ters agreed to revise the disman tling declare an end to the state of and promptly admit west Germany and the Saar as associate members of the coun cil of These sources said from now on the western allies apparently were counting on Germanys playing big economic role in the cold war and perhaps even a military if the cold war gets This lat ter interpretation what Ache denied Referring to his meetings with Theodor Heuss and the secretary said I as much as one can in no short a that we estab lished between us relations of confidence and mutual re We have had very satisfac tory Conviction Hoped 1 have explained that in Paris the three foreign ministers have given the high commissioners au thority over a broad We hope their actions as they develop in the next week will show great stops Acheson said he hoped he had convinced the Germans of the American determination to be of every assistance in reaching a so lution of the very great which face The secretary however Our help can only be what we call marginal The real ef fort must come from the German people and the German govern Acheson Busy We have no and it would be impossible if we did have the to substitute our will for the will of the German We cannot substitute our energy for the energy of the German peo Led by a motorcycle Acheson was shuttled from Bonn to neighboring Bad Godesburg and back repeatedly for one confer ence after His sixhour visit began at when he arrived by train from Frankfurt and was greeted at the station by Chancellor Thousands of Germans clocked traffic as they struggled to fee the two Soviets Attack Paris Talks 13 Pravda and the two lead ing Communist said Sunday the foreign ministers of the United Britain and France decided at their Paris meeting to turn west Germany into a base for attacking The newspapers attributed to William Robert a suggestion that the United States recruit 25 divisions of German mercenaries to fight a war which the French and Italian soldiers re RESERVE BOARD PLAN Economist Presses Small Firm Loans 13 Federal Reserve Systems chief officer proposed Sunday that congress authorize it to lend up to to business small Chairman Thomas McCabe of the Federal Reserve board made the proposal in a communication to a senatehouse com mittee which has undertaken a study of money and credit i McCabe recommended that the 12 Federal Reserve using only their own take over part of the lending activities now carried on by the governments Reconstruction Finance with funds derived by His advanced at a time when RFC lending policies were under fresh fire from William Fulbright and Homer Capehart because of a loan to automaker Henry would work this way Unlike the the reserve banks would not go in for lending by but would take part in credits given by private banks to business notably to aid small business in time of Private banks would have to put up at least 10 of the total They would be allowed by the re Russ Charges Due to Stir LAKE 13 charges that the United States and Britain are warmon gers will set off sharp debate in the United Nations The political committee expects a twohour oration by Soviet For eign Minister Andrei Vishinsky to support his voiced repeatedly in United Nations ses sions by him and other Soviet bloc as well as in the Soviet Vishinskys charge is the pref ace to a demand that the outlaw atomic weapons and other means of mass and that Big Five members of the se curity the China and a pact for the strengthening of An immediate answer is prom ised by Warren dele He is completing Sunday night a halfhour statement which is forecast as a pointed reply to the Russian and British delegations also are working Sunday night to complete their joint countering the Soviet It is understood that through it and the Austin statement will run this Every provision for peace and cooperation now exists in the United Nations If these provisions are no further pact is If these pro visions are not to be any further pact would be a Food Aid Drafts Crop Surplus Plan 13 UP Herbert deputy di rectorgeneral of the United banking fWith their 24 the re ternational food stamp plan to give hungry peoples access to the food surpluses which are plaguing Wheeling Steel Signs Pact Ending Strike Called Back As Firm Follows Bethlehem Pattern 13 Wheeling Steel Sunday joined the growing line of major and minor steel firms to make peace with striking CI OUnited Steelworkers The Wheeling agreement fol lowed the familiar Bethlehem pat tern which first cracked the steel deadlock two weeks Steel capitulation Friday virtually ended the para lyzing costliest in the na tions Steel companies which tradition serve to take ally follow the lead of Big Steel over any part or all the rest at were expected to sign with the any time they wanted during the life of the 10Year Limit The time limit of any of these joint would To assure that smaller busi nesses would get at least half of the aid extended within the limit on reserve bank par the following provision would be made Loans individually in excess of would riot be allowed to exceed at any now permitted to make business loans where aid is not otherwise available on reasonable would be forbidden to lend to enterprises to whom credit was available from private banks or the Federal Reserve Answer McCabes suggestions were set out in a answer to a list of questions put to him by Paul Douglas McCabe said there was room for business lending by both the re serve banks and the vided the RFC confined itself to cases not suitable for reserve bank or private bank Aside from loans of this the corporations principal objec tive should be to provide needed financial assistance to small busi nesses in those exceptional cir cumstances in whieh regular credit including those of the reserve are With those Mc Cabe there is ample room for action by both RFC and the reserve banks provided their ac tivities are coordinated with na tional credit policies and are not exercised in competition with pri vate financing Banks Qualified A wealthy Philadelphia indus trialist who was appointed head of the reserve system by Tru man 18 months McCabe had this to say about the 12 reserve banks As permanent credit institu they are especially qualified to provide financial assistance to business enterprises through the Steelworkers as fast as lawyers can draw up Recall Wheeling said its work ers in West Virginia and Ohio are being recalled work as fast as Wheeling already had a noncontributory pension The Bethlehem agreement pro vided monthly pensions tied j to social security benefits and 5c social insurance program to be paid jointly by company and Major firms still on strike in clude AlleghenyLudlum Steel Crucible Pittsburgh Steel and Sharon An AlleghenyLudlum spokes man said his corporation and the Steelworkers are close to agree ment and expect to settle before the week is Face Bleak Yule But although the great steel strike of 1949 is practically thousands of Steelworkers face bleak Most Steelworkers will get only two pays before Some families will be weeks catching up with back rent and credit extended to them during the fiveweek strike for free pen sions and The backtowork movement gained speed by the hour during the week end as Steel sought to get its plants in How only a few thousand tered employes were called imme Those men win be needed to get blast furnaces the thousand and one things necessary to make It will be a week See Page Column 2 organization to which financing institutions and businesses in all more porous like toe of the country have conven This statement by Ponge brought into the open what the three western foreign ministers discussed secretly in Pravda Izvestia listed Poage with Clarence John Poster his brother Alan Winston Churchill and Lord formerly Sir Samuel Hoare as maneating United he said in an inter there seems to be a very good chance that some such plan will be worked out when the F A Os 58 member nations meet here Council Meets Today The F A O executive council meets Monday to prepare an agenda for the international con The chief item of business is expected to be postwar crop sur pluses and what to do about Norris FAO director will present a proposal for an international commodity clearing house to channel food ient Assist in Credit Because of their long experi ence in the credit field and their daily relationships with banking they are thoroughly familiar with credit needs and problems of both banks and busi For these the reserve banks are especially fitted to as sist local banks in making credit available to borrowers though otherwise may present credit risks of a character which banks will not ordinarily By such the reserve banks can help to restore and maintain normal credit relationships be into underfeorcounfries tween borrowers and the without upsetting world market j Lewis Demands Coal Owners Start Pay Talks Declares Hes Prepared To Discuss Contracts 13 president of the United Mine demanded Sunday soft coal walk back into collective bargaining negotia on a new wage contract The union issued a surprise statement in Lewis accusing the producers of a stubborn refusal to bargain and advising them that he will be at his desk in Washington Monday morning awaiting the convenience of the coal Industry officials declined immediate as did federal conciliation which has been trying to settle the But it was understood that Cyrus federal mediation may call another joint conference of union and industry perhaps after he re John United Mine Worker tells its time they walked back into collective bargaining Lewis accuses the of stubborn resistance to union Federal media ton expect mure talks will begin later BIGGEST EMPLOYER Federal Pay Roll Tops Billion for Year 13 Raises granted by congress boosted the federal pay roll to a scheduled for this fiscal year ending next June an As sociated Press survey showed Sun That figures out about for each federal income Government records disclose the pay roll includes in pay and allowances for uniformed members of the armed forces and for Uncle Sams ci vilian Blggeat The portion of the total pay roll representing military expense ac tually runs up to 62 of the because the armed forces employ or 47 of all ci vilian The which the government is paying to its airmen and direct civilian employes ac counts for a little less than one ON PAPER ONLY Moves Joint Staff Post From Pentagon in Attack prices by dumping the commodi ties Sir Herbert noted that officials have been cool toward Dodds and conceded that it would get nowhere without System of Exchange I think there is a very good chance of getting some haps not Dodds original pro some international at tempt to find a market for sur he Dodd suggested international machinery that would permit dol larshort nations to buy sur plus farm products either at cut rate or with IO In the latter the buyers would deposit sums of their own national currencies with the inter national agency with the promise of redeeming it eventually in dol when their exchange posi tion High officials who have studied the plan for several object that the foreign currency lOUs would pile up and delay the day when normal world trade can resume with free converti bility of 13 Defense officials are now deciding where and how a Joint command to which the military chiefs would move if the Pentagon came under air should be The study is a part of a broad precautionary consideration of the entire question of dispersing essen tial government facilities if dev astating air attack is threatened or occurs in another The military phase of the dis persal problem was undertaken by the joint chiefs of staff early in 1948 and this preliminary study now has moved into the detailed planning Funds Needed An indication of this was given by Defense Secretary Louis Johnson in a letter to Alex ander Wiley in which Johnson said certain projects of the joint command post plan would require appropriation of funds by The defense chief gave no indi cation of the eventual cost or prob I able location of the combined com 6 Lost as Ship Sinks In Heavy Gale Off Britain 13 3554ton Spanish cargo ship Monte Gurugu sank in a roaring gale off the southwest coast of England Sunday with a loss of at least six Twelve other members of the 38man crew were Search vessels ploughed through the heavy seas to look for the missing men but were forced to abandon the search when the early winter night set The Monte Gurugu was reported to have struck a mine during the terrible storm which brought distress signals from a number of other However the Mas calmed by noon Sunday and the other ships radioed they were all Reports which the British admiralty could not confirm the coalladen veasel struck a It went down about 5 off the Devon coast between point and Lundy island after flashingan Coast guard officials here said one of their lifeboats had brought in 18 One rescue boat brought in one sur vivor and five Officials at Wollacombe said one of the illfated ships own lifeboats had blown one sur vivor and one dead mand post for the navy and air from known military thinking and on the basis of under ground posts used during World War it is evident the project is Here are aome of the angles that must be considered It may not necessarily be located in a midcontinent area or aome mountain region far removed from This is because com munication links with a command post are Easy access to ex isting telephone and telegraph preferably trunk lines under is Natural cav erns or with thick overhead would be useful and cut down construction Thse two features exist in the Appala chian mountain part of which is within a half hundred miles of The military already has a quan tity of techincal information on underground aside from that acquired during the In the army began a series of tests in cen tral Utah and western using heavy charges of TNT in underground The experi ments were designed to show the type of underground that would stand up best against direct bomb Excellent Target The national capital is a bom bardiers dream because Even if bad weather or anti aircraft and fighter opposition drove enemy bombers Wash ington presents an excellent target for radar The Pentagon of steel and concrete gives good delineation on a radar The downtown and adjacent Virginia in which the Penta gon is is a perfect setup for atomic It is located in a broad and shallow with no bisecting ridges to reduce the blast effect of an airburst Zionists Allot Funds NEW 13 Zionist Organisation of America announced Sunday allocation of fourth of its budget spending But it makes the federal gov ernment easily the biggest single employer in account ing for about six out of each 100 employed workers and about of each paid out in wages and Administration officials say the personnel problem cant be con sidered scope of government undertakings de termines the number of Any reduction in the pay they would have to from a slash in government New Bike Sen Government pay roll costs are expected to go even higher fis cal which begins next July The reecrit raises will be in ef fect throughout that entire The current fiscal year was nearly onethird gone before raises were The totaling about a halfbillion were offset in part by congressional directions to about twothirds of that sum by In most this means cutting down the num ber of The military departments were ordered to absorb all of the raise voted for uni formed order which may well have prompted the de cision to release more than Only a small part of the ap proximately raise granted civilian got a raise last fiscal Eye Efficiency For the budget by direction of the has ordered departments and agencies to absorb the raises given their 250 top executives un less they can prove that it would damage efficiency by doing Most other added civilian per sonnel costs are rated technically to be adjustments in pay which will result from rather than an outright That holds for in extra money to go to the post of fices employes and to be shared by the other civilian The postoffice pay roll totals a year for some views the entire situation Monday with John presiden tial Ching Lewis and in dustry to a conference here last The mine chieftain refused to appear but said his representatives would be available to Ching Ching replied angrily that there would be no Monday Lewis told a news conference in New York that he would meet with anybody who can contribute to settlement of the contract fight The union which bore strong traces of Lewis wellknown said the next move is up to coal It accused them of waficing out on nego tiations last month at White Sul phur and Blue Public Coatributioa workers walked back into the mines voluntarily as a contribution to the American pub it It is time for coal operators to walk back into collective This re ferred to Lewis order Tuesday for the miners to return to work until 30 at which tune he may call a new strike if there is no contract agreement In a reference to Lewis Oftre peated charge that the steel in dustry had blocked a settlement of the coal the unions statement said Now that the operators are re lieved of their commitments to the steel industry and associated fi nancial there is no rea son for continuing their stubborn refusal to meet with Lewis Accusations Lewis has accused the steel mo guls of prevailing on the coal oper ators not to bargain with the mine union until the steel strike was settled so that the mine union would have to bear full responsi bility if there were an industrial Lewis and the coal operators have exchanged charges that each walked negotiations with the other at the White Sulphur Springs and Bluefield Industry spokesmen said pre viously they saw no point in re suming negotiations unless Lewis lowers his demands for higher shorter hours and increased payments to the unions welfare Lewis Hints Costs Although Lewis never hss dis closed his specific he has said that they would cost the industry from 30 to 35 cents for every ton of soft coal The operators have refused to make any contract concessions which would raise the price of Ching is scheduled to meet early Monday with If the fed eral mediator decides not to call another joint industryunion meet the next federal move pre sumably would be up to Har ry S BRUSHES DEATH Veeps Plane Skims Blimp 13 UP An air force B17 with Alben Barkley aboard came within 50 feet of ramming an advertising blimp over the Pentagon building Thursday night while letting down for a it was reported Sunday night The air force said the near collision occurred while the flying fortress was coming in for a land ing at Washington National air port after flying Bwkley back to the capital from The vice who did not see the was not told of his nearbrush with death unttji the next Crew members of the B17 who glimpsed the blimp said they did not see any riding But a spokesman for the Goodyear Tire and Rubber which operates the said the civil aeronau tics administration had investi gated and absolved the company of any C A A officials slid they ha4 not received a report on suen an in vestigation but said that did not rule out the possibility had been The incident happened only few thousand yards from the spot where a war surplus P38 fighter crashed into an Pastern Airliner sending 56 persons plung ing to their death worst air in Historys Left Nominates Officers Signs NonRed Affidavits 13 Leftwing partisans in the member United Electrical Workers nominated a full slate of officers Sunday and instructed winners to sign noncommunist The action came close on the heels of a movement by about 9000 members of the to disaffill ate with the organization and join the new CIO electrical The at its ousted the for leftwing Members of local 601 are em ployed by Westinghouse Electrical Following meeting of the leftwingers and the decision to sign the noncommunist affi Thomas chief steward clared of local de for construction ects in Israel proj We are not Reda and signing these affidavits wont clear us of that stigma in the public but it will help us legally to or ganize the workers in that new i Westinghouse plant at Fitzpatrick referred to a West inghouse plan to provide al faculties at a plant at nearby Charles a interna tional denounced the TaftHartley act as a slave labor law but advised conformity with it to the extent of signing the noncommunist James director of had this to say of the CIOs action in ousting the and setting up a new electrical union We were kicked out only after the threatened to cut off its per capita juice per capita tax treasury unless Philip Murray would stop using our money to finance raids on our mem Even without the CIO or any affiliation with well still be stronger than Murray was not available for comment from the CIO CIO President Bolivian Envoy Denies Try To Skip Blame IS UP Bolivian diplomat GuiUermo Gutierrez said Sunday night that his government has not tried to disclaim responsibility to the sur vivors of 55 persons killed 1 in historys worst airplane He said it will be Up to the courts to decide what open to the kin of the passengers and crewmen of an Eastern air liner which was rammed by a war surplus F38 fighter piloted by Bolivias Civil Aeronautics Brick Rios Brought Before 0 A 8 The question of respon sibility in the case was brought previously before a Civil Aero nautics investigating board trying to fix responsibility for the acci The board hopes to recess its investigation Monday after ques tioning additional witnesses as to visibility on the day of the crash and whether Rios was dff his flight in about two it expects to question Rios again at his hospital Until Gutierrezs Bo livias attitude toward damages to kin of the crash victims was generally believed to have been voiced by German Pol of the Bolivian air He said is previous testimony that his coun try had no Responsibility He conceded that he and Rioe had agreed to test theP38 at their own but said his eminent could not be since it had not completed chase of the But Bolivias repre sentative to the Organisation of American said Pol was not speaking for his government any atatements on the matter an he they win cone from Ambassador Ricardo tines As the diplomat we havent done any all about the fiaaadal any thinking at ;