Page 2 of 30 May 1943 Issue of Salt Lake Tribune in Salt-Lake-City, Utah

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - May 30, 1943, Salt Lake City, Utah 2 a ibid Ibeme sunday morning May 30 1943 Hitler plans to exhaust allies experts predict cautious defense Over Long period seems Germany strategy slowdown in Russia held proof Washington May 29 strategy of cautious de sense aimed at exhausting the allies before they can achieve i decisive Victory was put Forward saturday As Germany Only Hope to avoid unconditional with the belief expressed that the German High command is psychologically in capable of such a War writing in the authoritative and sem official infantry journal or Herbert Rosinski native of Ger Mary and a former civilian expert in the German naval staff advanced both suggestions in an of German strategy since the beginning of the War Many informed persons in Washington share his prediction that Hitler and his generals in pad of try intr to Salvage As much Fis from the wreckage or Are Bivions by adopting a care Ful War of attrition will risk everything in one last and huge an accumulation of evidence that Germany was massing for sew assaults in Russia was mentioned a week ago by Secretary Stimson although since then there have been suggestions in some quarters that the new aimed treats to Western Europe which loomed suddenly after the smash incr Victory in Tunisia May have tiered German plans for a sum ire Campaign in the East Campaign admitting that it is still too to assert with any Assurance Tufit the expected German drive Scains the arc army hns been Dan Ltd informed persons say there can be no doubt it was planned months afro in the belief that von Arnimus forces could hold out in North Africa at least until lae summer possibly indefinitely thus obstructing any major As Sault on the continent by the allies this great miscalculation was attributed largely to underestimation by the Axis of Allied air strength in North Africa probably because bad weather kept much of the air Force grounded for Many while discussing a possibility that a major German offensive has been delayed observers still expect it to take place with Russia As the most Likely objective Rosinski notes that for 50 years the German army has repeatedly and Raan Mously the idea of a War of a War which does not have the objective of an ultimate victorious counteroffensive further he says even the War of exhaustion intended to Lead to resumption of the spite the importance attacked to i by Clausewitz Fountainhead of German military found so Little favor in the Ger Man army that the few who advocated it have been forced to hedge their position with explanations that they meant it a Deci Sive form of warfare and in no sense a defensive pure and Sim ple therefore he says should the inexorable exigencies of the strategic situation Force the Gor Man military leaders in the end to adopt a course which they have emphatically unhesitatingly and unanimously rejected their con duct is Likely to be less sure less wholehearted than it would be in the great offensive operations upon which not Only their whole training but their whole thoughts have been concentrated for three generations see slight Hope for that very reason is there not a Strong likelihood that what Ever the objective consideration of their strategic position May seem to demand not Only the reckless and desperate fuehrer himself but the sober est of his advisers May prefer to test Fate once More in a last mad fling rather than to re sign themselves to a court that May stave off the collapse but cannot hold out Hope of ultimate salvation in his analysis of the War to Date Rosinski asserts that with the failure of Field marshal Erwin Rommel attack last summer be fore Al Alamein the original Ger Man War plan which aimed at the isolation and defeat of its opponents one after the other finally and irrevocably broke Down in fact he writes hitlers great failure throughout the War has been his missing of opportunities to exploit the Balkans Early in the struggle and drive through to a Conquest of the Middle East in Stead of wasting his energies first against Britain an undefeated Britain at a has against Russia 50 and More without the St sacrifice of Quality to Tralli or my genuine acrylic plate for Only 2295 new Al plastic dentures Warfe with Ultra modern Teeth now available at my Laboratory use your credit no i drank in Price no i Arylne a write prompt plate repairs discard Jon Oia style plates by having them reproduced to the transparent materials recommended 10 he rely by a dentists All dentil plates Are made Only upon race let of impressions and orders from Tab licensed dentists workmanship my Lolly Stu Granteed open Dally til p m sat 1 p m f May Withers dental Laboratory service 174v2 so main St Salt Lake City Utah Corner 2nd South and main its Over in Loti can str co dial 4720c to May Withers Proi ram Kuta every tuesday p m Duce warships just decoys London May 29 italian Fleet units will become sitting ducks for Allied land based pianos As the Mediterranean Campaign progresses qualified London observers said saturday a swarm of nearly 100 flying fortresses reached More than half Way up the italian Peninsula Fri Day to attack leghorn Demon Strating How an Allied air barrage might creep up on surface ships unless they choose to come out and try to inflict some damage As Well As take it Allied naval and air units in the Mediterranean were declared watching Mussolini ships every possible minute even the Best informed London quarters declined to forecast what use May finally be made of the remains of the italian Fleet the popular pre sumption is that they would at tempt to resist invasion of the italian Mainland some London quarters had in formation that the italian Fleet probably is concentrated mainly at the big naval base of spezia about 50 Miles South of Genoa and within easy reach of bombers from both Britain and Africa in the Long fight to Clear the i Mediterranean before the african i Campaign the British Navy has i whittled away two eight Inch cruisers and about 20 destroyers from the italian Fleet Battles in the Pacific Atlantic and North sea have shown How vulnerable big naval units Are to Shore based heavy bombers dive bombers and torpedo planes the italian Fleet cannot easily be hidden from watchful Allied i eyes the usually Clear Mediterranean weather makes a sneak escape difficult unless or until it comes out to fight the italian Navy also will be deprived of Maneule ability which is its main Chance in beating off a determined air assault recurring reports have said an Oil shortage has prevented Large scale italian Fleet activity Italy plans for Fleet invite study failure to move against British hints hidden scheme by associated press Washington May ure of the italian Fleet even to de a the reopening of Allied communications lines through the Mediterranean aroused speculation sat urday Over the possibility that the battered but still formidable sea orce is being held in Reserve for some momentous development in the european War two possible uses of the Fleet which May include As Many As seven or eight battleships were considered in informed Quarter 1 if the German High com Mand has effective control of the Force with its own officers in key spots it might be employed at hitlers direction to Battle any Al red invasion thrust across the Mediterranean into Europe prop Erly fought the Fleet could offer considerable resistance to a Brit so French american invasion Armada 2 if italians still have effective control of their Navy they May o holding it not so much for Ita fighting Powers As for its value As a Force with which to bargain n Case the italians decide to try o make terms with the allies while the record of failure of the Talian Fleet in the past is consid ered a fairly Good indication of what May be expected from the italians in any future naval operations there is one exception authorities Here said that a Bat be in defense of their own shores probably would inspire the italian officers and men to put Forth More prodigious efforts in conflict than hey have yet shown the exact makeup of the ital an naval Force la a matter of speculation but there May be seven at the outside eight battleships capable of action this estimate a frankly Liberal and the number of Attl wagons capable of fighting n the immediate future May be to or three less than that the italian battleships Are of to classes the Littorio and the Zesare the four ships of the Littorio lass Are modern 35000ton vessels carrying nine 15inch guns the itself was torpedoed and disabled during the British attack n the naval base at Taranto in november 1940 the Littorio be Eto was damaged by British Tor Edo hits in March 1941 the Impero and the Roma were be eved to be still under construct Ion a year ago but May have been it into commission by this time the four ships of the Cesare lass were built prior to the first world War and originally outfitted 4th 1012fiinch guns these 3000towvessels were the Giulio Zesare and the a Pur Theca our was badly damaged at Taranto and either the Utilio or Doria also was hit the favour foundered the author la be naval work Janes fighting hips said that although it was floated it is believed to have roved virtually us class As a combat easel in addition to their capital ships e italians Are estimated to have bout 10 cruisers 80 destroyers and 70 submarines they May have test some destroyers and Summa nes in the recent Allied Aerial funding of their main naval bases hey also Are credited with a Large orce of motor torpedo boats the great weakness of the ital n Fleet so far As ships Are con earned has been in aircraft Carrier strength they May have now ther commissioned or in the final tages of construction one regular Craf t Carrier and three auxiliary r converted earners biggest v s raid hits vital boat bases continued from Page one escorted by fighters on airfields in Northern France the announce ment said the air ministry news service disclosed that Raf fighters and Light bombers were out in Force Over Northern prance during the afternoon and that they attacked at least two enemy airfields with out losing a plane one Force of typhoon bombers sorted by fighters struck at the Mau Pertus Airfield on the Cherbourg Peninsula while a group of Ventura bombers escorted by i spitfires pounded the Airfield at Caen the newest sledgehammer blows at hitlers european fortress came at the end of an unprecedented week in which the rap alone dumped nearly 5000 tons of explosives on Germany Industrial Ruhr Valley winding up the first year since its original 1000plane raid on Cologne May 30 1942 even this mounting record of devastation heaped upon Germany and Italy like from England and North Africa was described As Only Chicken feed by air marshal sir Arthur Harris chief of the Raf bomber command who declared that the Day is coming very quickly when the american air Force will be hitting with staggering Power the air marshals vigorous warning of tremendous new blows gains significance when weighed against the Force of the present onslaught while Allied air fleets in the Mediterranean theater pounded Italy and her Island strongholds the Raf rocked the Ruhr Valley heart of the German War machine Churchill stops at Gibraltar Madrid May 29 ports from la Linea said saturday night that prime minister win Ston Churchill arrived by plane at Gibraltar Friday afternoon and continued his trip by air Friday night to an unknown destination it was also reported that Viscount Gort governor of Malta general Dwight d Eisenhower general sir Bernard l Montgom Ery general sir Harold r l g Alexander and general Georges Catroux were at Gibraltar within the last 24 hours living costs increase 11 pet in month Washington May 2b w the Cost of living for City workers Rose 11 per cent from mid March to mid april chiefly because of continued advances in food prices Secretary of labor Frances per Kins reported saturday night j the new Advance miss Perkins isaid is somewhat smaller than for the previous month it brought the level of All living costs to 23 per cent above january 1941 temples of god a discussion by Stephen l Richards of the Council of the twelve of the l d s Church originating in the Tabernacle with music by Harold h Bennett and Alexander Schreiner isl sunday p m with six of the heaviest blows during May passing the 100000 i ton Mark in the total weight of explosives hurled on Europe from the air since the War began these record assaults saw 1500 tons of bombs dumped on Dort Mund May 4 on Duisburg May 12 and on targets in the Ruhr Czecho Slovakia and Berlin itself May 13 Dortmund then was pulverized with More than 2000 tons May 23 and Dusseldorf was hit with Al most that weight of bombs May 25 More than 1000 tons were rained on Essen May 27 warning Italy to be prepared for the Shock of heavier and More frequent Aerial assaults on her Mainland which will Dwarf the present battering of her outer bastion lord Sherwood under Secretary for air disclosed that 12000 Raf crewmen took part in the recent Dortmund and dues Meldorf raids alone in a speech at Dumfries Scot land he predicted that As Many As 36000 crewmen eventually will participate in a single weeks raids on Germany Italy he said is starting to feel a Little of our air Power but she will receive much More both in Sicily and Sardinia and on the Mainland despite the rails of the Rome radio London sunday May 30 up air raid Alert sounded in London Early sunday but was Fol Lowed shortly by an Al Clear Sig Nal it was the capitals first Alert in eight Days and was caused by an Unilda notified plane which later proved to be Friendly mighty naval move near London hears press of Britain speculates on impending invasion London May 29 newspapers speculated in Lively fashion saturday on the prospects of european invasion the naval correspondent of the London news chronicle declared flatly the greatest naval opera Tion in history is imminent it will be a Landing of an Allied army on the continent of Europe the Navy is ready boat builders All Over the country for Many months been constructing a great number of invasion barges he continued America already has built Many thousands of similar Craft the construction of millions More tons of Small naval Craft is under Way a headline in the daily express said next move we May take Pantelleria and afternoon news papers stressed the plying fort Ress attack on leghorn yesterday As the first blow of the Allied Campaign to bomb Italy herself still More heavily in tha Balkans one possible in Vasion route the germans reported that German croatian and italian army formations Are successfully fighting partisans in the Herzog vinian mountains in bit Ter and bloody engagements this report came in a Berlin Broad cast recorded by the associated press Aerial raids Pound Italy Island based defences Allied Headquarters in North Africa May 29 powerful fleets of flying for tresses and liberators spread the pattern of ruin to new areas of the italian Mainland Friday and Strong forces of lesser aircraft pushed their relentless Campaign to Knock out the Island based air defences of the exposed Peninsula almost 100 fortresses spanning the greatest distance yet in their offensive against Italy from North Africa bombed the submarine base shipbuilding Center and Industrial port of leghorn 160 Miles i North of Rome and left a great Cloud of smoke breathing the docks shipyards and Oil refinery this was the first raid of the War against the Home town of count Galeazzo Ciano former italian foreign minister in a companion assault a score or More of liberators from the Middle East air Force flying in two Waves dropped 80 tons of bombs on the air base at Foggia 80 Miles East of Naples hereto fore untouched inthe current offensive the communique from general Dwight d Eisenhower Headquarters said great damage was done to the leghorn shipyard and it seemed probable that the Oil re finery the Railroad in run some of the docks and Oil storage and been wrecked three Supply ships were hit but huge figures which spread thick Clouds of billowing smoke so effectively blotted out the scene from the observers after a few minutes that no accurate report of the damage was immediately possible f leghorn is the Home of Irisaldo shipyards where Many of Italy submarines were built it derived its English if known As Livorno to from British sailors in the Dayi when it was a bustling commercial Center two centuries ago the liberators which attacked Foggia near the Adriatic Side of the Peninsula claimed direct on several hangars at that important air base and the destruction or damaging of at least 13 bombers on the ground the americans ran into their biggest air Battles Over Sicily and shot Down is of the 21 enemy planes accounted for during Fri Day and the preceding night but the fortresses flying with out fighter escort met comparatively Mettle opposition Over leg Horn and shot Down one of the few planes that tried to intervene not a single fortress was lost the Only other action in the Mediterranean theater was a sweep by Middle East aircraft Over the Aegean where an enemy sail ing vessel was damaged the italian communique received Here in a broadcast admitted that very considerable damage had been caused at leg Horn and said 51 persons had been killed and 349 injured it Bald six persons also were killed and injured at Lucera 12 Miles from Foggia issued every morning entered at tin Post office at Salt Lake City if second class mutter under act of March i 1879 subscription Triton Utah Idaho and ii Wyo Mync Duniy and sunday month year in 512 in u s Olally and sunday month Rose of Paradise so v St x Federal tax on plated wart pay Down Only week the most Beautiful most Complete set weve Ever offered at this Low Price homemakers heres what youve wanted its the most wonderful ensemble youve Ever Jeen at anywhere near this Sale Pricel come in and Seel compare youll 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