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View Sample Pages : Salt Lake Tribune, May 19, 1949

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - May 19, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS am am pa Intermountain Network Station KALL Mondjr Throufh WEATHER Partly cloudy and winner Thursday OB 13 VOL 159 NO 35 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH THURSDAY MORNING MAY 19 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS AEC to Bar Reds From Fellowships Communist Student Granted Award Testifies on Views WASHINGTON May is UP membersdesignate of j the Atomic Energy commission promised senate investigators Wednesday they will try to pre vent any more research fellow chips going to Communists Gordon Dean and Dr Henry Dewolf Smyth who have been nominated by Pres Harry S Tru man to fill vacancies on the five member commission took that stand in testimony before members of the joint congressional atomic energy committee The full committee heard Hans Freistadt Communist student who was awarded a commission fellow ship for nonsecret physics research at the University of North Caro lina testify that he would not fight if we attack Russia But he said he would defend this coun try if Russia does the attacking May Lose Fellowship The views expressed by Dean and Smyth appeared to indicate Freistadts grant may be withdrawn Sen Joseph C OMa honey D chairman of the senate appropriations subcom mittee which votes atomic com mission funds already has served notice that he will seek to prevent any public money being used to educate Freistadt or any other Communist I The subcommittee will meet j Thursday to investigate the mat Pickets Salaam lo Company President Women pickets at S K F Industries Inc hallbear ing plant at Philadelphia salaam as William L Bait company president drives to plant passes over rose strewn mat Court banned mass pickets ter Dean former justice department attorney told the senators he be lieves the atomic program has Senator Denies Espionage Involved in Lost Uranium WASHINGTON May 18 UP Asked if negligence may have FBI investigation of involved he replied disappearance of a small amount of indicates that no Ill stand on the statement He said the committee is con however SKF Pickets Pass White Collar Workers at Plant PHILADELPHIA May 18 office workers and nonproduction workers returned to work at the two plants of the SKF Industries Inc Wednesday without picket interference Obeying a court injunction Soviets Clamp New Curbs On BerlinBound Trucks was involved Chairman jtinuing its investigation p to Freistadt and IJBrien McMahon of the congresand is determined to get a satisi forbidding mass picketing at the answer from the commisI of local 2898 Smyth Gives Chinese Reds Near Mouth Of Whangpoo By WALTER SULLIVAN SHANGHAI May 19 Thursday Communists fought des perately Wednesday to close mouth of Whangpoo river the citys last link with the outside world ex cept by air The fighting wept to the shores this narrow river about three miles below the me tropolis An air force communique early Thursday said government planes had thwarted attempts of Commu nists forces to cross the Whangpoo and seized Lunjrwha airport Gunboats battled the Red van guard firing machine guns into their positions on theeast bank Prom Point Island on the Shang hai side at the downstream end of the city and other points far ther downstream the Nationalist artillery was hurling shells across the 800yard river at Communist positions a short distance inland on the east bank Shells Whistle Over Shells whistled over the tank farms of American and British Oil companies The two main Communist drives appear directed towards the east and west shores of the Whang poo downstream from Shanghai Last night the city was shaken by artillery duels outside Tachang airport northwest of the city and east of Kaochiao John J McCloy First U S high commissioner ot Germany TRUMAN NOMINEE Stop Hundreds of German Vehicles Loaded With Food HELMSTEDT Germany May 18 Russian suddenly clamped new restrictions on the movement of supplies to Berlin Wednesday They stopped hundreds of German trucks en route to the capital most of them carrying highly perishable foodstuffs and demanded special passes High allied officials calling the Russian action a violation of the agreement to end the blockade of Berlin started a seriea of urgent conferences They said that the Big Four foreign ministers might to take up the situation a threatened new crisis at the confer ence which opens in Paris Monday Resume Tactics After Six Days It was just six days after the presumed ending of the Berlin blockade the most dangerous eastwest dispute since the war that the Russians started their new obstructive tactics Western allied economic experts took up the Russian ac tion at a meeting with Soviet officials in Berlin Wednesday night and protested strongly pending representations on higher levels The experts also took up six other violations by Russia of the blockade lifting agreement Restrictions on the number of trains permitted to go to Ber MeCloy Appointed To Succeed Clay famed valuable in laboratory Smyth chairman department at Princeton jsity and author of the Smyth Report on the atomic bomb put his feelings in these words I feel that membership in the Communist party indicates at best a fuzziness of mind a lack of mental maturity and at worst a loyalty to another government jBONSONE I therefore feel that you are taking more than a little chance of educating a traitor if you under take to educate a member of the Communist party Would Exact Pledge Ho said he would not like to i see the government embark on a i program of loyalty investigations i of all persons studying nonsecret j phases of science but that he would but that it would be worthless for use in an atomic weapon The FBI has indicated that in its opinion no espionage is involved in this case McMahon asserted s velop research i He said the episode points up the NO House Probe Of Lobbies Gains Okeh WASHINGTON May 18 extreme care which must be taken in accounting for all fissionable materials McMahon confirmed the atomic energy commissions Tuesday night statement that 32 grams of U235 showed up missing at its Argonne laboratory at Chicago on Feb 8 But he said all but oneseventh of an ounce has been recovered from atomic waste products where as the commission had said that about a quarter of an ounce still was missing Questioned about the apparent discrepancy a commission spokes man pointed out that additional i reports had been received from Oak Ridge since the statement was is sued and that the recovery proc entrances to the plants Monday and Tuesday the first two days of the strike Wednesdays token pickets spread a mat and piece of carpet before the main entrance On the mat were large white letters that spelled out Welcome One of the workers placed roses and ferns around the mat Pickets got to their kners and salaamed as plant officials ar rived WASHINGTON May 18 UP John J McCloy 51yearold New York attorney who was assistant secretary of war throughout It is evident that the CommuWorld War II and president of the nist goal is to close the gap near World Bank for the past two years was named the first U S civilian high commissioner for Germany Wednesday Pres Harry S Truman sent the nomination to the senate where early confirmation is expected McCloy long had been reported in line for the post Diplomatic observers believed the timingof the appointment was calculated to strengthen the hand of western negotiators at the forthcoming Big Four foreign ministers meet ing in Paris by showing Russia he United States is ready to move Guard Patrols Fort Worth Flood District not object to requiring fellowship The house whooped its approval ess js suu going on and I imagine applicants to swear that they are j Wednesday for an investigation ofthey found some more 3iot members of a subversive or lobbying i He said the commission began ganization I Nearly everybody was for it But an immediate search of its waste Commission Chairman David E i before there can be any inquiry i materials and called the F B I into Lilientharreferred to the controi into what may be a multimillion tle caso on March 28 He said 200 national guarcls vcrsy indirectly Wednesday night j dollar business a final step is uphe pcrsonally was informed of the imen called but Wednesday night to in a speech to the American the senate situation ina topsecret report i protect this floodstricken cily of sellers Assn He said scientific what the house approved was a f th commjssion on April 27 1330000 residents from lootingand reso ulion by Rep Frank Buchanj Asked wh the commission i pilfering FORT WORTH Tex Mav IS the Whangpoo exit before the Nationalists can get their troops out The government has concen trated ships near woosung at the trated ships near Woosung at the progress on evacuation is a mili tary secret and hence censorable Xniclcs The Nationalists have com mandeered over a thousand trucks of local concerns and government organizations to augment their own motorized transport to en able them lo move their troops much faster than the Red army which hikes on foot The fighting in Pootung the region across the Whangpoo from Shanghai has become fierce in the past 24 hours Wednesday nights communique says the Reds attacked simultaneously at five different points on this front last j night Hear Rifle Fire i Nips Pact For Pacific Despite China WASHINGTON Mav 18 j The fighting was close enough i f state Dcan Acheson so that city residents could hear nffirii Wednesday progress would be hamstrung in this country as it has been in Rus sia If Americans permit fear of communism to stampede them into extending political and bureau cratic domination into nonsecret Make a and complete in fields of education Insists lies Loval an D It would put seven I w SQ b fore Ung representatives and seven senators a special committee with orders Case to the he had no comment At least one committee member rs put in their inevitable appearance as the city faced an acute drinking water shortage and the city council asked for busi bving and ep Cole R NY said Iness holiday until the municipal icies of the lafter the session I m not satisfied water supply could be restored intended toiyet He dd not elaborate n e Z Other members of congress also Flood Damage Soars the rifle and machinegun fire during the night Wednesday from city office buildings along the waterfront fires and other signs j of fighting were visible for a mile or two inland the op posite shore The Nationalists said they had ferried additional troops across from the Shanghai voiced official concern Wednesday over serious dangers to world peace resulting from the Com munist sweep in China ahead with plans for a western German government The board of directors of Ihe World Bank named Eugene Black former vice president of Chase Na tional bank of Naw York to suc ceed McCloy as head of the United Nations fiscal institution Black a native of Atlanta had served un der McCloy as executive director Only two months ago Black re sumed duties as a senior vice presi dent of the Chase bank He con tinued as U S director on the World Bank on temporary basis at the request of Secy of the Treas ury John W Snyder McCloy will succeed retiring Gen Lucius D Clay as the supreme U S authority in occupied Ger many He will hold Clays old title of U S military governor until the new western German state is es tablished To Maintain Policy Order At that time he will become the U S representative on the Ameri canBritishFrench civilian high commission which will exercise general supervision over the Ger man government Lt Gen Clarence Huebner has taken over Clays former duties as commander of U S armed forces in Europe But McCloy will have authority to order Huebner to take any military action which the high side to try to halt the Communist vestigation of all lobbying all actiities of agencies federal government inteucy w u influence encourage promote or Othcr members of congress also Frcisladt a slightly built curly retard were critical i Estimates of damage in the flood j of the Whangpoo sea outlet ap The resolution shot through theReP R 0 usuaiiy placid Trinity river j pears to be the first determined The dugin Nationalist defense haired youth of 23 who was born in Austria and came to this coun try in 1911 testified that lie con siders himself a loyal American He said he would not be a mem ber of the Communist party if he believed it planned to overthrow the U S government by force He said he hopes to repay this house by a lourl majority on a Mass said the case proved has taken at least voice vote About the only for more I E I agents to inijves ranged from 56000000 to as came from the direction of Rep vesligate every rumor and capture njgh as 525000000 Reva Beck Bosonn D jCommunists and subversive City Manager W O Jones made If members cant hold slle said sne is sure thethe low estimate of in excess of against lobbyists she said they i house will give the F B I whatever if 6000000 Other estimates by stand made since the Red armies conflicts in Asia and is not now j swept across the Yangtze an actual practical possibility swept Cut Off From Xavy Americans in Shanghai shouldnt be in congress She money it needs for that work hinted that maybe some lobbyists Rep John E Rankin D country with scientific contribu have been elected to congress jwho lost his job on the house un tions for the benefits it has given iim but emphasized that he would not use his scientific training to work on aggressive weapons Freistadt was invited to appear before the committee after mem know why tin government was financing a fellowship for a Com munist Would Aid Defense Rep Charles H Elston R 0 asked Freistadt if he would be willing to work on weapons if this country needed your aid in its i defense In defense of my countrys se curity I would do that he re plied What position would you take in event this country went to war with Russia Elston continued i If contrary to what I believe j Russia should attack us I would use all my strength to defend this j country Freistadt replied If we attack Russia I would not fight Freistadt said he joined the Communist club at the University of Chicago shortly after he was discharged from the U S nrmy as a sergeant in April He said he was an active and outspoken member of the Commu nist club at University of North Carolina after ho transferred there and that his Communist be liefs must have been known to the two North Carolina faculty mrmhfirs who recommended him for the fellowship engineers insurance experts and cut off from their American consulate navy The announced city authorities ranged up to that it no longer considered it 000000 The estimates averaged i advisable to bring navy ships up the river Navv landing craft House Democratic Leader John American activities committee last j about 512000000 W McCormack Mass said January said that what is really Seven bodies of flood victims ships have been making daily trips about has been paid needed is for the reorganized com had been recovered The death toll up from the small United States See Page i Column 2 mittee to get busy Witness Hauled From Chair For Dodging Red Query WASHINGTON May 18 official of the Ameri can Labor party was forcibly removed from the witness stand at a senate hearing Wednesday when he refused to say whether he is or ever has been a Communist The witness was Arthur Sehutzler New York state executive secretary of the American Labor pnrty Capito guards seized Sehutzler by the arms and hauled him from the chair when he persisted in talking without say ing yes or no to a question about Communist affiliations Sen Herbert R OConor presiding had warned Schutzler that he must answer the question or leave the witness stand The scene took place at a senate judiciary subcommittee hearing on two bills which would require Communists or Communistfront organisations to register and supply other information to the government The measures are spon sored by Serjs Karl E Mundt R S D and Homer Fergu son iR Guards started to escort Schutzlor from the hearing rhambrr butSen OConor said he could remain if he desired but not by invitation Schul71er took a seat and listened Pearlier assistant general counsel Thomas E Harris of the CIO told thf senators Unless the civi rights of Com munists are protected those of others will not be was indicated at 10 or more Tlirre Others Lost I At least three other persons i including a child disappeared into jtho swollen Trinity without trace i after it battered down the levee system and spread over low areas j j early Tuesday Dr W W Bradshaw city health j director proposed the holiday for j all nonessentiai business houses which depend upon the city for water supplies Movie theaters and j retail department stores were cov cred by the councils recommenda 1 tion Those few business houses with private water supplies wore exempted specifically Standby Service A sttam operated standby pump was placed in operation Wednes day at the main water station where the flood overran the elec tric pumps The standby pump had a capacity of 8000000 gallons j daily but city officials said it I would be of little help until the pressure was built up in the mains and dry storage tanks were filled iThe city normally uses 36000000 gallons daily at this season of the year 1 All street Mid public works crews were on a SMhour basis I until the mopping up work was Completed in the area hit by the flood naval task unit anchored inside the brond mouth of the Yangtze But he firmly ruled out for the i commissioner considers necessary time being any idea that the to maintain order and carry out United States should join in a JU S policy in Germany Pacific defense treaty on the order When the occupation govern of the North Atlantic pact ment makes the transition from Acheson in a statement inmilitary to civilian top control the dorsed the judgment of Indias State department will take over Prime Minister Nehru that any from the army as the government such an agreement must await a department responsible for Ger scltlcment of the many internal j many EGA Representative McCloy then will come under the general supervision of Secy of State Dean G Acheson But the East Backs Plan The Pacific treaty proposal has the backing of Nationalist China White House said he will retain TII e fliri em Pres Syngman Rhee of Korea and of top officials in Australia and the Philippines Acherons the right to go directly to Pres Truman with problems The high commissioner also will formal announcement of the serve as the top representative of American attitude was calculated to throw cold water on the idea in the Economic Cooperation admin istration in Gcrmanv to handle the lin insistence by the Russians that all trains pass through Helm stecit instead of using any of 12 other preblockadc crossing points insistajice on examining all freight cars passing through their zone and on turning back any having even minor defects attempts to limit the length and loads of trains refusal to let westzone locomotives haul trains through their zones and attempts to con trol movement of freight trains in westBerlin freights yards Stopped at Border German trucks started converg ing on this BritishRussian border town from western areas after midnight for the 95mile run along the superspeed highway to Berlin Russian officials stopped them at the border checkpoint They said each truck must have a special permit signed by the Soviet Ger man economic commission of Russian zone Within a few hours hundreds of the trucks were jammed along the British side of the road under a broiling sun As the day passed the stench of rotting food spread through the town Trucks TurneiT Back Many trucks turned back but Wednesday evening about 250 were still strung out along the high way C A Dix American transport chief arrived from Berlin and con ferred with Russian authorities without result This appears to be a clear vio lation of the JessupMalik agree ment to end the blockade Dix said He said a formal protest would be sent to the Russians in Ber lin Meet Russian Rebuff Western allied officials talked to Maj Gen P A Kvashnin So viet transport chief in Berlin He refused to discuss the blockade tactics saying they were a Ger man matter It may be necessary for the foreign ministers to settle it a high allied official said after the rebuff from Kvashnin The out look is not bright for asettlement here Kvashnin incidentally refused to answeran allied request that the Russians permit them to run 32 trains a day instead of the present 17 to Berlin It developed that the Russiani held that they had requested spe cial passes for German trucks under the harassing tactics early All Patients Safe As Fire Razes Mental Hospital KNOXVILLE Tenn May 18 current stage of developments i Marshall fecovery program as it jlast year which preceded the total At a news conference the secrei applies to the western occupation j blockade of Berlin Wednesday taiy identified the world peace j zones j they blandly explained that for dangers he mentioned as those re McCloy a lifelong Republican the first few days after the block i volving around present conditions was born in Philadelphia and was jade was lifted Russian officials in China He made plain that8 prominent New York attorney were ignorant of the rules American officials are watching i before taking the War department with concern also the turn of jpost in April 1911 events in Indonesia and elsewhere in southeast Asia Crisis Appears I i In Indonesia a new crisis is be main dormitory and I Iieved to be threatening in the office building of Eastern State i lonff ffort to reach a settlement i 1 hospitals farm here bRtween the Dutch and the Indone sian republic Some officials here fear a breakdown of the result from the permitted German trucks to pass without special permits UN Vote Blocks Polish Move of mental hospitals farm burned Wednesday night but authorities said all the 101 male patients some of them in con finement when the flames broke out were saved Supt E C Conner reported that he had to push and shove many of the inmates of the west wing of the Ushaped building FLUSHING N Y May 18 UP The United Nations ended the captivity of Pres Soekarno and i other leaders Whether these leaders can re gain control over their scattered military forces is expected to be shown when they are restored outside As they stood on the soon to Jogjakarta their capital lawn some tried to return to by tne Dutch Under tcrrns of the the building They were scared Conner said They just didnt know what to do SALEM Ore xlay 58 TV Twentyfive mental patients were rfiseued Wednesday by nurses whn fire destroyed n hospital at the Oregon state home for the feeble minded sharp and unsuccessful fight by Poland to have the world organ ization intervene in the case of Germanborn Communist Gerhart Eisler The 59member assembly which latest agreement this may take early this morning rejected the Polish delegate Juliusz Katz Suchy asked formally that the third session of its general sembly Wednesday night in a seizure of Eisler who defaulted bond by stowing away last week or the Polish liner Batory as a refugee from of contempt of congress and passport violations was an infraction of human rights guaranteed by U N charter and of accepted prin plane in the next two weeks BevinSforza proposal for the and practices of interna Acheson told reporters also j tribution of Italys former colonies I tional law that voted 51to J to postpone further Evatt ruled KatzSuchy out of 1 The United States and discussion of the colonial issue I order on grounds it was a physi i tain are keeping in clnoe touch on until its fourth session convenes leal impossibility to discuss the i developments in China ihcre in September Eisler case ata moment when i 2 Contrary to reports at the As assembly Pres Herbert V ithfi assembly wai about to ad time ChinesV Amhassndor Well Evatt prepared to close the sesj journ and that such a matter ington Koo did not bring up the sion which began last Sept 21 i could not be introduced without j Pacific pact idea when he calledat Paris and adjourned at Christ1 notice A vote upheld Ion the secretary May 11 Imas to reconvene here April5 iidents ruling ;