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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - March 25, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS am am pm Intelmountain Network Station KALL Monday Through FridaT WEATHER Cloudy Friday showers south and west Details on Page 31 VOL 158 NO 162 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH FRIDAY MORNING MARCH 25 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS Taft Proposal I On Aid Cut Draws Fire Vamlenbers Teams Resting in Salt Lake Aeierans Administration hospital Ray An Wilh Counally In Attacking Plan March 24 Robert A Taft R I 0 Thursday proposed a 51j 150000000 cut in funds for the jEuropean Recovery program land drew the fire of Sens Ar ithiir H Vandenberg R Mich land Tom Connally D j The clash came shortly after i the senate began speedup I consideration of a i bill to continue the aid program i until June 30 1950 Current spend ing authority expires April 3 Democratic Leader Scott Lucas 111 said the senate bill will be held in overtime session Friday j night if necessary to get a final j TTVJlTiTTCTRV vote before recessing for the week j li JJUo IM I end Approval of the bill is ex pected British Action Assailed Taft senate Republican policy chairman made the economy pro posal after three other GOP sen ators had assailed British trade with Russia Tafte pointed out that 000000 of the funds are earmarked for spending between April 3 and the start of the 1950 fiscal year House Kills Vet Pension By One Vote Margin Laurence Olivier Best 48 performance in Hamlet role Russ Envoys Get NAM Bid to Tour NEW YORK March 24 UP dreason was ready to call an end io his flying career aftpr surviving on July 1 He suggested that be The National Association of Manu Jane Wyman Acclaimed top B d director actress for part as deaf mute Bureall of Mines plane crash in Davis county Pilot died of injuries or exposure eliminated on the ground that enough foreign aid goods already Utah Pilot Dies Passenger Safe After Davis Crash facturers Thursday inviUu the Russian delegation to the world have been bought with previous peace confercnce to make an funds and are now awaiting shipi expensofree tour of U S industry ment to tide western Europe see for themselves how Ameri over until July jcans really live Connally chairman of the forj Wallace F Bennett president of eign relations committee proj the N A M a favorite target for i tested that Tafts proposal would Russian press and diplomatic at By TRIBUNE STAFF WRITERS j ridge of Centerville canyon by CENTERVILLE Davis County i highway patrolmen j March pilot who crash Mr Randall and Mr Pettit back landed his light plane in ruggedtracked Mr Andreasons trail as to disagree with Taft my able Centerville canyon Wednesday he made his way down the cani friend from Ohio morning died of injuries or expos yon to where they found the plane if spending were suspended for ure Thursday before aid could and Mr Allens body reach him His passenger esi The party headed by Sheriff caped however by walking seven Hess attempted to go along ile I cause a dangerous break in the tacks sent a formal invitation to of recovery shipments Forced to Disagree Vandenberg said he was forced Soviet Ambassador Alexander S Panyushkin in Washington asking the delegation to visit American factories He also sent a letter to Dmitri Shostakovich Russian composer and head of the Russian delegation miles to safety Victim of the crash was A E were forced to turn back by deep Allen 42 Salina Sevier county snow whose body was found by two Cenj Mr Randall and Mr Pettit rode north ridge ofthe canyon but could not be renewed for another the next three months he said at expressing hope that the invitation the end of that time the pipeline be accepted to Europe would be empty and it i L i Tn ninrifv three months In prepared speeches to the sen ate both Vandenberg and Con terville youths about 7 pm Ray their horses along the bottom of j nally said the first year of the Andreason 28 Salina hiked into j the canyon to where snow was too j Centerville and was recovering deep for the animals then tied j but th from minor injuries in a Salt Lake them and proceeded on foot to the ahead To Clarify Picture We believe that the visit of the worldrenowned artist Dmitri Shostakovich and his distinguished colleagues offers an excellent op Andreason 28 Salina hiked into the canyon to where snow was too j program has been a great success Iportunity to acquaint the Russian Centerville and was recovering deep for the animals then tied j but the critical period lies just people through observation of their own acknowledged cultural and scientific leaders with how Americans live work and benefit under the American individual en terprise system the invitation said hospital plane Lying Under Wing Members of Party The youths Ron Randall and Tn the party which brought the Richard Pettit who left here for body of the dead pilot out were The current Soviet hysteria j against the socalled Marshall plan is the most eloquent testi mony to its success Vandenberg said the crash scene at pm said Ray Evans and George D Reese It has been fresh air in the j The cause of world peace will Mr Allen was lying dead under a state patrol troopers Arch Peterj lungs of liberty and has driven best advanced as the peoples of wing of the crashed ship son Davis county deputy sheriff j despair from the souls of men jthe world come to know how one The body will be removed from j Woods Cross Allan Tingey Cenj Vandenberg emphasized that the j another work and live under what the crash scene roughly seven j terville city marshal Roland Tinj program also is helping western jever political and economic system miles east of here on the south Potential Spies In U S Set Near 825000 i WASHINGTON March 24 UP house committee on un gey Vern Pettit and Rex Sessions volunteers The plane object of a wide spread ground and aerial search crashed Wednesday about am almost four hours after tak ing off from Salina Sevier county on a flight to Spokane The ship plowed into four feet of snow from an altitude of apI proximatfly 500 ft j Arrives at House j Aftor walking since early1 Thursday morning following a See Page 4 Column 2 Winnie Dines At Capital With Truman they have chosen Bennett said in extending the invitation on be half of 16000 American indus trialists To View Standards If the delegates accept the in vitation Bennett said they will be given every opportunity to see important industries in operation and tosee for themselves the i Olivier was not present to re Clalrp Trevor Wins Oscar for brilliant supporting role Jane Wyman Olivier Win 48 Oscars HOLLYWOOD March 24 Laurence Olivier won the academy award Thursday night for the best male acting performance of 1948 for his role of Hamlet in the J Arthur Rank British produc tion Jane Wyman won the best ac tress award for her deaf mute part in Johnny Belinda John Huston was named the best director for The Treasure of Sierra Madre Lewis Orders Pit Return For Monday PITTSBURGH March 24 UP L Lewis Thursday ordered i his 463000 miners back to work on schedule next Monday and is sued battle plans for the coming contract negotiations in May The order spiked speculation that Lewis might extend his two week memorial work stoppage against appointment of James M of the U S But he gave the industry fair notice the U M W j would not hesitate to call a new strike next summer if the unions yettobe formulated demands are not met Safeguard Earnings With stinging criticism of pow erful financial and mining inter ests Lewis advised each United Mine Workers union member to tighten his belt and safeguard his earnings in preparation for the outcome of the new coal ne gotiations only one month away Lewis executive order was dated Wednesday one day after the senate voted 50 to 11 to con firm Pres Harry S Trumans ap pointment of Boyd Addressed to all union district leaders it said that the present memorial period will terminate Monday May 28 Production may then be resumed in all mines and all members should make themselves available for work on that date He followed this simple an nouncement with his roundhouse attack on coal employers banking interests and the TallHartley law Lauds Understanding Lewis congratulated the miners for their understanding of the important issues involved in the present policy He said the wage negotiations of 1949 will be of crucial importance to our union and each of its members The lessening productivity of the nation has encouraged power ful financial and mining interests to believe that your union and its wage structure and your liv ing standards may be successfully attacked he said He warned that desperate ef forts are being made by the em ployers and banking interests of the nation to retain the infamous TaftHartley slave law on the statute books through the period of wage negotiations in the mining industry Rejects Crippled Measure Af teiStorm of Debate WASHINGTON March 24 house Thursday killed j the multibilliion dollar Rankin veterans pension bill by a margin jof only one vote after amending it beyond recognition in three days of snarled and angry debate Actually the anxious members voted 208 to 207 on a roll call tally to send the politically explosive measure back to the veterans committee for further But committee Chairman John E Rankin D Miss author of the legislation warned the house before the vote that it was his bill or nothing An unfavorable vote economic and cultural standards of WASHINGTON March 24 UP capitalistic economy Winston Churchill and Pres Meanwhile the conference ceive his award Miss Wyman living enjoyed by our people in a declared I accept this award American activities said Thursday canyon i Harry S Truman enjoyed a Britishj delegates from 16 nations met it again there are nearly szoUUU Americanr j it J arH Tjomiov j very gratefully for keeping my of j mouth shut once I think Ill do villr Tschopp a pamphlet knock and called entitled Spotlight on Spies The am mmbne sam n committee said it was based on official testimony by Federal Bu1 edge answered his her husband to from iium na shock er and his wife were guests of on onucn j j TLT J reau of Investigation Director J Edgar Hoover 74000 Communists p d lh t Jscnopp ine iiitr iu C y for hospitanation President and Mrs Truman at a j small dinner party in Blair house scientiffc conference had He said that the man told him I that there had been no first aid kit food ii d not The committee quoted Hoover as saying there are 74000 Com munist party members in the United States In addition it said j he cited Communist claims that county for every party member there are i 10 others ready willing and to do the partys work This i the plane The two fliers since The temporary presidential quar ters are just across Pennsylvania avenue from the White House See is means that at a time of 1 cences between the president and lal crisis the United States JW SiUUU I U I Mr Churchill over their last meet national have nearly 82500 persons i who are either spies traitors or saboteurs working against us from American dinner of roast beef and opposition from anti Hamlet which won several TV j Communist organizations who minor awards also was adjudged Yorkshire pudding Thursday pianned a picket line 50000 strong i the best picture of the year night But no state secrets were j against the conference The veteran Walter Huston won spilled Americans for Intellectual Freej the Oscar for the best male sup The former British prime which wjll stage a rival rally porting performance of the year ror ann Viic iifi fa iiAro cnioore I F ii V n m The Treasure of Sierra Madre directed by his son John He played a grizzled gold prospector pal of Humphrey Bogart and Tim Holt Many years ago said Huston I raised a son I told him if you ever become a writer or director please find a part for your old man He did Claire Trevor another veteran won the best supporting actress award for her trampish role as Edward G Robinsons girl friend in Key Largo Other awards included where Churchill was entertained el during the war years I Purely Social Affair An AIF spokesman quoted Adams as saying It sounded like a good idea so like a sucker I joined He said that many others still listed as sponsors by the national conference of arts sci LeGrande Hess table talk was described astyp Page4 Column 4 i nf nv rnnvprsalinn ofany dinner conversation j among a small group Some of it concerned reminis A quit The AIF revealed that it hoped to bring from Germany for its meeting Paul Lysenko brother of Soviet scientist Prof T D Ly 1 ing That was in 1946 when the British statesman made his famed Fulton Mo speech which chal senko the main exponent of the Best motion picture Russian theory that the Mendelian i Search a film made in Switzer saooteurs working against us irom o j itf fuuon mo speecn wnicn the committee said Can Ollll ijlllKCS IrjilJlG lenged world communism and j our country afford this i labeled Soviet secrecy the iron j laws of heredity are false I See Page 4 Column 1 The committee stressed that the pamphlet was issued only to dej CANTON Friday March 25 estimated more Churchill OLE MAN RIVER also discussed scribe the workings Soviet spies i than 100 persons were killed or times with Gen George C i injured seriously Thursday when Marshall wartime army chief the motor ship Miss Orient staff and later secretary of state I struck a mine between here and who came up from his Virginia It named no names Espionage Target It said the United States is the number one Soviet espionage I target It said the agents add rp to thousands of Russian agents as well as many more thousands of Americans who are selling usj down the river i The committee said it has un covered recent secret orders from abroad to spy leaders in the United States The orders detail 20odd categories of information they want on the armed strength of this country In addition thej orders specify types American diplomatic plans and industrial i wanted by the Russians I The committee said the Amerij can Communist party is separate from the spy network But it added that the network draws upon the party for spies and cmiriers and other help it may need i Hong Kong The ship was en route to that British crown colony from this south Chinese port when the ex plosion occurred A dispatch from Hong Kong said there were 500 passengers aboard The injured were being brought lo Canton It was believed here that the mine was laid by pirates after the owners refused to pay extor home for the affair Seated Opposite The president and Churchill sat across from each other at the oval dining table Mrs Churchill and the wife of Chief Justice Fred M Vinson flanked the president Mrs Truman and Lady Franks wife of the British ambassador sat beside Churchill Churchill was reported to have shown his customary familiarity Mississippi Levee Breaks Louisiana Area Flooded BATON ROTJGE La March 24 sand from the riverside of the weakened portion of levee gave way Thursday and the mighty Mississippi poured through levee for use in building a road bed They said the swift current and eddies caused by the holes to flood several square miles of dug out undercut the stout dike with international affairs and domestic In addition to the roast beef and Yorkshire pudding the menu in cluded a clear soup sole aspara gus rissole potatoes a green salad sugar cane country The area flooded was thinly populated Early this afternoon the Red Cross reported only 35 white refugees and 114 Negroes seeking shelter There were no reports of cas ualties The break was in a sharp curve in the river about five miles up stream from Port Allen B town The break first on the lower Mississippi since 1927 came as a surprise The river was falling rapidly after its annual early rise and in a few days is expected to be within its normal banks The low level of the water prevented a major disaster Water reached a maximum depth of about three feet over the lowlying section Army engineers of conciliation toward congress Officials said the overall cost despite the setbacks it had handed living has tumbled 32 in the tion money The explosion occurred in Eliot passage six miles east of Can ton The Orient is a ship of 1200 tons Hong Knng said thr pxplo sinn took plaoe nnar the spot jrr cream poaches and coffee river from here Port Allen was eight or ten square miles They asked for interviews there was whore the river sleamor Shih The nnly semiprivate talk bf not believed in danger I prepared nlso to plug the pap hy priority and even Republicans mm narrowly an ex twpfn Mr Truman and Churchill Residents of thr area blamed rlumpin large rocks or concrete jare welcomed SnmotimcR he asks than a year apo 27 above June occurred at the end of the dinner j the crevasse on the dredging of i blocks from barges j to ace certain members himself 11846 when wartime pricecon of about 1500 persons across the hoped to confine the water to Busy Truman Calls Off All Speeches WASHINGTON March 24 Pres Harry S Truman Thursday swept his April calendar clear of all outoftown engagements and announced a daylighttodark work schedule apparently aimed mainly at getting his legislative program through congress With much of that program fac ing an uncertain fate on Capitol Hill the president disclosed at a news conference that he will be seeing many legislators in the days ahead He also will be busy he said clearing up business accumu lated during his Florida vacation Cancels N I Talks The president cancelled the last two of four speeches he had set for April Those called off Thurs day were to have been made April 10 and 23 at the United Nations cornerstone laying and at a dinner honoring Dr Chaim Weizmann president of Israel both in New York On hearing of the presidents de cision U N officials at Lake Success postponed the cornerstone laying indefinitely They said a new date would depend on when Mr Truman can take part Pressure of Duties Previous presidential speeces called off were those set for April 1 at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology midcentury convoca tion and April 26 at Boston col lege Increasing pressure of offi cial duties was given as the reason for those cancellations Legislative duties were emphasized Alexander M Vasilevsky Leads armed forces of Russia Russ Replace Bnlganin as o Military Chief LONDON March 24 Of The Soviet union announced Thursday night that Marshal Alexander M Vasilevsky 44 has succeeded Mar shal Nikolai A Bulganin as min ister of the armed forces the highest military post in all of Russia This was the first big change in Soviet military leadership since Prime Minister Josef Stalin stepped down as minister of the armed forces in 1947 and appointed Bulganin to succeed him Stalin ran the armed forces during the war Top Level Changes The new shift followed top level changes in the Soviet political hierarchy in the last few weeks The most important was the re lease of V M Molotov as foreign minister to be succeeded by An drei Y Vinshinsky Molotov re mained as first deputy prime min at Stalins side Western observers in Moscow viewed these damages as meas ures to strengthen the highest ranks of Soviet policy makers Bulganin is also a vice chairman of the council ofministers of the Soviet deputy prime min ister A man known for his ability as a skilled negotiator and admin istrator Bulganin will presumably keep his deputy premiership Closely Associated Into the post of minister of the armed forces comes a relatively young man who has carved out a distinguished career in Soviet military annals Vasilevsky was deputy minister under Bulganin and therefore is closely associated with the workings of the office Vasilevsky had been relieved of nis duties as chief of staff of the general staff of the Soviet army ast November but retained his job as deputy minister of the armed forces The Russians said they wanted to relieve Vasilevsky of an excessive burden of work he said kills this legislation for this session of congress Went Even Further Rep Edith Nourse Rogers R Mass ranking GOP member of the veterans group went even further She said the vote blocked pensions for World War I vet erans for all time The final test came after the house tentatively had accepted an amendment substituting a pension system based on need and length of service The original plan would have given veterans of World Wars I and n an automatic pen sion of 590 a month at age 65 Some experts said veterans would have been eligible for pen sions ranging from to a month under the substitute pro posal House members were arguing that plan when Rep Olin E Teague D Tex a purple heart veteran of World War II offered a motion to kill the bill by strik ing its enacting clause Motion Approved The house approved the motion 171 to 168 on a nonrecord vote Teague then offered a second motion to send the bill back to the veterans committee so it could draft a less controversial measure That required a record vote and the house promptly reversed itself and voted 209 to 208 not to bury the bill in committee The WASHINGTON Match 24 tan The roll call by which the house shelved the veterans pen sion bill Thursday included for Bosone for against White paired against was so close however that acting Speaker John W McCormack or dered another roll call On crucial result was 208 to 207 the other way Two Pennsylvania Democrats Reps William T Granahan and William A Barrett supplied the pivotal tallies that sent the bill back to committee Turn to Other Business They voted against recommit tal on the first round Then be fore the first result was an nounced they made their way to the well of the house and changed their votes to yes There was dead silence as the vote was announced and the chamber immediately turned to other business Voting to send the bill back to committee were 151 Democrats and 57 Republicans Opposed were 100 Democrats 106 Republicans and Rep Vito Marcantonio ALP N Narrow though it was the vote was a victory for Pres Harry S Truman who had opposed the pen sion scheme as too costly Rankin redfaced and excited during most of the debate did not protest the decision He calmly folded his papers and walked away from the chair from which he di rected his futile fight He later repeated to a reporter his determination not to take up any other pension legislation this session FOOD PEAK CUT 8 Cost of Living Takes Biggest Monthly Dip in Nine Years WASHINGTON March 24 UP cost of living last month ook its biggest monthly tumble n almost nine years the Labor department reported Thursday A drop in food prices pulled the departments consumer price in dex down The index fell from 1701 to 169 of the 1935 39 average Discussing his work schedule It was the fifth consecutive the president remarked that many month the index had dropped since legislators and others were anxious to see him Reporters wanted to know if his forthcoming talks with the legislators were another show it touched an alltime peak of 1745 last AugustSeptember It is now the longest consecutive decline in 10 years him Mr Truman replied he had al ways seen congressman when they last five months The cost of living index is now slightly below the April 1948 level the department said It is ninetenths of one per cent higher trol lapsed and 71 above August 1939 level This was the fifth consecutive month in which the consumers index has shown a decrease and the largest monthly decrease re corded since the Bureau of Labor Statistics began to calculate index on a monthly basis in late 1940 the department said Foods in February were 1197 of the 193539 average down 8 from the July 1948 peak Foods were lower than a year ago They dropped In all 56 cities surveyed Clothing declined of one per cent Prices of house furnishings aver aged onehalf of one per cent lower than January The department said rent fuel electricity and refrigeration rose slightly The fuel group up fourtenths of one per cent ;