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View Sample Pages : Salt Lake Tribune, March 17, 1949

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - March 17, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS 30 am am pm Intermountain Network Station KALL Monday Friday I WEATHER Partly cloudy and cooler Thursday Details on Page 18 VOL 158 NO 154 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH THURSDAY MORNING MARCH 17 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS Data Stir House Inquiry Call Angry Solons Protest Wide Publication Of Military Secrets WASHINGTON March 16 VP protests against leaks of reportedly secret military information to potential ene mies stirred up a congressional inquiry Wednesday Members complained they are particularly disturbed by recently published stories that the United States already hasmapped stra tegic targets in Russia for bomb ing if necessary and by an atomic energy commission publication oC maps and pictures of atomic in stallations Both the house armed services and appropriations committees disclosed that informal investiga tions are under way They prom ised a full dress inquiry if neces sary Call It an Inquiry Chairman Carl Vinson CD Ga of the armed services committee told newsmen he has requested an explanation from W Stuart Sy mington secretary of the air force I would not call this an inves tigation call it an inquiry Vin son said I Intend to find out he added whether secret information has been made available to potential enemies by military officials or whether the published stories were merely the conclusions of the men who wrote them Rep Francis Case R S D1 a member of the appropriations committee said a subcommittee j handling atomic energy commisj sion funds has questioned g a officials about publication of picj tures and maps in the commissions iJLVyJd annual report Issued Xo Secrets Strike Violates genate Mine Pact Owners Say Reilt Pit Operators Hear Lewis Answer Offensive Untrue Youngsters Pay Vice President Visit Billy Creecy 8 left and Helen Torreyson 10 representing crippled children of the nation open annual Easter seal drive hy presenting Pres Alben W Barkley with the first sheets of stamps issued The children are both pupils of the District of Columbia Health School chapter Currency Tiff ChOdrenBarUey J Peace Trv A reply from the commission Case said contended that none the information published in the report was classified as secret and all of it had been published or made available for publication previously Many of the photo the army and released by the army But as far as I know it was the first time that all the pictures and maps were put together in one handy book he said Case pointed out that any agent LAKE SUCCESS March 16 fF Nations efforts to settle I the Berlin currency dispute have ended in failure the president of the security council said Wednes day night The western powers an hour later issued formal statements blaming Russia for the breakjjpwri com ment The negotiations had been under taken late last year by a com mittee of socalled neutral ex perts in the hopes of endingthe Berlin blockade by ironing of a foreign government could buy I currency troubles between a copy ot the report at a normnal OCcUpying powers out the cost from the government printing office Case Asks Probe First Public Statement Council President Alberto Ino cente Alvarez of Cuba made his Usher in Sale Of Easier Seals WASHINGTON March 16 Crippled Childrens so ciety opened its annual Easter seal drive Wednesday when two Washington children presented the first sheets of seals to Vice Pres Alben W Barkley at the capitol The children Billy Creecy 8 and Helen Torreyson 10 are pupils of the district health school Ushered in to the office of the vice presidentVthe young sters appeared timid at first but soon were put at ease by the warmth with which Barkiey re ceived them Asked to pose with Barkley the youngsters smilingly con sented Proceeeds of the seal sale are used to further the work of the society Jurors Picked To Try 11 Red Leaders quiry to place the blame for the recent leaks after Rep George H Mahon D Tex said military officials had denied releasing any secret information and had voiced concern over unauthorized press the first time a ISOpage report I the committee completed in Ge neva Feb 11 Alvarez indicated he and other neutrals on the council have no plan to reopen the Berlin debate j unless one of the big powers asks started the discussion lhem lo quarters said reports Mahon when he protested in the house jneither the united States Britain against the action of military of1 or France had any intention now ficials in permitting release to the press and our potential enemies of important military information Some of the information ban died about in the press he said involved secret discussions before the joint chiefs of staff alleged in formation as to how we expect to hit 70 vital Russian targets and information as to the content of top secret maps in the Pentagon military Billion Giveaway Mahon is chairman of an appro priations subcommittee handling army navy and air force funds I wish the people who are ap prehensive about war would quit giving away important military in formation to our potential en emies Mahon said It is not exaggeration to say that America is giving away bil lions of dollars worth of informa tion each emies to raise the issue again A United States statement said the western powers are still pre pared to consider any equitable solution which will1 adequately safeguard the legitimate interests of both the western and eastern sectors of the city Illegal Soviet Action It added however that the very basis for an agreement upon the administration of Berlin cur rency and trade under fourpower supervision has been undermined by the illegal actions of Soviet au thorities within the city itself A British statement charged the Soviet representative had tried to twist the recommendations of the committee of experts to enable the Soviet authorities to gain a stranglehold on the economic life of these the western sectors The western powers could never year to potential enhave accepted any proposals the The military Mahon said is not the only offender He cited the atomic energy commission report as an example of free information British said which would enable the Soviet authorities in Berlin to substitute an economic strangle hold for the blockade The French made similar of value to potential enemies j charges against Russia KEERFUL NOW IRISHMEN An Seers Hex the Very Day 0 Erins Own St Patrick By RICHARD OREGAK FRANKFURT Germany March 16 watch your step Thursdays St Patricks day but for the love of Mike there are Germans who predict you will never live to see it through Tis the end of the world they say that is coming Who it is thats at the back of all this who it is that would be spoiling the fun nobody in Ger many seems to know But somebody started a rumor the world will end and thousands of Germans are excited Sure theyre ever writing edi torials in the newspapers about it Ach there is no truth to it said a German astronomer It is the astrologers who started it Everybody calls me and says it is true or it is not true is it that the world will end Even the politicians call me But the astrologers they can not get together They dont even agree An astrologer said Its true that we dont always agree Somebody predicted the end of the world but most of us believe only there may be serious happen ings he said The aun and Mars are in conjunction Always that is a dangerous time Most astrologers believe theru will be storms natural catastro phes explosions or deaths of prom inent persons And what about Ireland and the Irish on March 17 Accuses Red States Of Rearming LONDON March 16 ern powers accused Soviet Rus sia and three of her satellites Wednesday of going back on their commitments Britain declared Communist ruled Bulgaria Romania and Hungary now in the Soviet bloc after wartime partnership with Germany were secretly rearming violation of their peace treat Russias connivance and support Note to Moscow The U S State department in a note to Moscow made public Wednesday accused Russia of violating at least six separate promises to return all German war prisoners in Soviet hands by the end of 1918 It renewed a de mand that they be freed France and Britain sent similar notes the Slate department said The British note estimated at least 200000 German prisoners of war are still in Russian hands Russia contends she was never bound by any agreement to re patriate the captives by last Dec 31 The United States Britain and France contend the Big Four for eign ministers reached such an agreement in April 1947 Minister of State Hector Mc Neil told the house of commons Bulgaria Romania and Hungary are guilty of flagrant violations of the peace treaties In rearm ing and hinted Britain will appeal to the United Nations Beyond Specifications Bulgaria and Romania have al ready increased their armed forces beyond treaty specifications he said and Hungary is reported ex panding her military strength The treaties granted Hungary authority for 65000 troops and a 5000manair force of 90 planes Bulgaria was left an army of 55000 plus 1800 for antiaircraft defense 5000 airmen vJith 90 planes and a 3000man navy with ships totaling 7250 tons Romania was limited to 120000 troops 5000 men in antiaircraft de fenses 8000 men in a 150plane If the world doesnt end they j air force and 5000 navy men with Jot of people probablywill be all right the asj 25000 tons of shipping All three tied Itrologer said j were denied heavy bombers NEW YORK March 16 A jury of five men and seven women headed by a Negro house wife was chosen Wednesday to try 11 American Communist lead ers on charges of conspiracy to advocate and teach the violent overthrow of the United States government Negro Jury Foreman After eight and onehalf weeks spent mainly in a defense chal lenge to the fairness of the federal jury system Judge Harold R Me dina gave final approval to the jury panel and indicated the trial would begin in earnest next Mon day Foreman of the jury will be Mrs Thelma Dial a Negro house wife whose husband is an orchestra leader Two other Negroes also were selected to help determine the guilt or innocence of the Com munist leaders Judge Medina directed that he xvould hear further defense motions Thursday and that four alternate jurors would be picked on Friday List of Personnel The jury in addition to Mrs Dial will be composed of Russell Janney wellknown theatrical writer and producer Mrs Ida Howell Negro beau tician and housewife Miss Katheryn F Dunn unem ployed former brokerage house clerk George L Smith Negro real estate and fur coat dealer Mrs Lillian Berliner housewife whose husband is a woolen sales man Henry E Allen unemployed civil engineer Mrs Lillian Schlessinger widow and department store mail clerk James Frederick Smyth tech nician for the Bell Telephone lab oratory Mrs Carrie L Robinson widow employed in an eyeglass case fac tory Patrick S Reynolds retired beer salesman Mrs Gertrude Corwln house wifej whose husband is a sales man PITTSBURGH March 16 Hard coal operators Wednesday called the threeday old mine shut1 down a violation of the anthracite mine contract The eastern Pennsylvania oper ators disputed hard coal miners risht to stop work in a mourning j period That was one of the reasons cited for calling the work stoppage which halted hard and soft coal mining Monday east of the Mississippi The operators urged U M W president John L Lewis to end it at once in the public interest Rumbled Lewis in reply Gra tuitously offensive and untrue Telegrams to Lewis Leaders of the big anthracite industry centered in eastern Penn sylvania fired off telegrams to Lewis in which they 1 Called the Lewis work stop page order a contract violation 2 Urged him to rescind his order in the public interest Lewis replied it was untrue his mine workers were breaking their contract He insisted they were abiding by the contract which says they shall work as long as they are willing and able The directors of the Anthra cite Operations Assn at Wilkes Barre wired Lewis the mine shut down was seriously affecting the health and welfare of the entire anthracite region They told him homes hospitals schools and other public institutions are now short of fuel Entirely Erroneous1 The Lewis reply declared the premise you assume is entirely erroneous and added The able and willing clause when negotiated was intended to make the mine worker and his organization free like other Amer icans to cease work when they were not able and willing Your suggestion that the mine workers are in violation of the existing joint agreement is gra tuitously offensive and untrue More than 70000 anthracite workers and nearly 400000 soft coal miners east of the Mississippi stayed away from the pits Mon day in accordance with Lewis stop work order The mine closings have brought the scheduled lay off of more than 67000 railroad workers on coalcarrying lines 2 Perish I Hurt As Airplanes Collide in Idaho BOISE March 16 Two men were killed Wednesday night and another received mi nor injuries when two Idaho na tional guard planes collided in flight over a populated area west of Boise The 190th fighter squadron said James Douglas McNeil Jr 19 student at College of Idaho Caldwell and Lt John C Breach about 26 Boise were killed McNeil was riding as an observ er in the rear seat of a T6 train ing plane which was struck by Breachs F51 fighter plane Breachs body was found after a search by scores of residents of the Cloverdale district over which the planes collided on a routine night flight in which several other squadron planes participated The 190th fighter squadron said Breach apparently had at tempted to parachute from his plane but was unsuccessful Sen Willism F Knowland Defends stand on filibuster Filibuster Pact Okeh Seen Certain Today Pocatello Seen Likely Site Of Atom Plant WASHINGTON March 16 An atomic research plant planned for construction in the western United States was reported Wednesday likely to be located at Pocatello southeastern Idaho Sen Brian McMahon D chairman of the senatehouse at omic energy committee disclosed Tuesday that several western un der consideration for the plant McMahon declined further com ment as to the probable location Has Insda Track An informed source said Wednes dav however that Pocatello now has the inside track Final selec tion will be made by the Atomic Energy commission which plans the project for the development of a mobile atomic power unit It would be used to power submarines and surface ships McMahon said the commission had laid down several specifica tions for the plants site They include such factors as water aup ply climate population and se curity Pocatello Qualifications It was believed Pocatello would qualify Two other sites in Arco and Mountain reported under consideration However both lack the popula tion available at Pocatello and Arco in addition is without trunk railroad facilities Pocatello already is the site of one major governmental in stallation a naval gun relining plant The Union Pacific rail road has extensive trackage and repair facilities there Other large industries include the Simplot fertilizer plant An electric phosphate reduction plant now is under construction WASHINGTON March 16 The senate held a stormy night session Wednesday night as a pre lude to the signing of peace terms in the battle of the fili suster Then it recessed shortly after 8 pm EST until 11 am Thurs dav The climactic the end of the great talkathon struggle of expected Thursday The actual ceasefire order came an hour before midnight Tuesday night but the terms were still the subject of hot debate Powerful Coalition Southern Democrats and Re publicans linked in a powerful coalition appeared almost certain to drive home their compromise settlement of the war of words that has clogged the senates leg islative machinery since Feb 28 The southerners have been fighting to block an administra tionbacked proposal to change the senates rules so that a simple twothirds majority of those vot sometimes a comparative halt debate at any time Dixie leaders contended any such change would destroy their traditional defense against passage of civil rights legislation The The southerners maintain that it is up to the slates themselves not the federal government to enact any such legislation 64 of 96 Seats Under the proposed compro mise it would require twothirds of the entire of 96 gag debate With the DixieG O P bloc hold ing the whip hand leaders of the rival faction lashed out in a series of shouting speeches against the coalition Majority leader Scott Lucas D 111 sought to pin responsi bility directly upon the GOP lead ership for the turn of events which he said would spell the death of civil rights legislation in this session of congress Lucas accused Sen Kenneth Wherry of Nebraska the Repub lican floor leader of abject sur render in the antifilibuster fight Offers Something Worse The Democratic leader said that while the filibuster was in prog ress Wherry had voiced GOP demands for roundtheclock ses sions and had criticized adminis tration lieutenants for making Okehs Automatic Boosts Continuation of Controls WASHINGTON March 16 senate banking sub committee Wednesday approved a bill to extend rent controls 15 months However it would subject many tenants to a series of three automatic rent increases of 5 each The first increase which would catch more than half of the nations renters would go into effect Oct 1 The other two hikes would become effective six and 12 months later A spokesman for the office of housing expediter Tighe E Woods said fewer tenants would be covered by the second and third round of rent hikes because many areas already have had rent ceilings boosted by general increases Although 15 would be the maximum automatic increase under the bill there would be nothing to prevent landlords from obtaining additional increases by pleading hardship or proving that their operating costs have increased Those Unaffected The only tenants who would not have to pay the increases would be those who already have had their rent raised 15 by general rent increases or those who agreed to the voluntary 15 hikes allowed by the present law The senate measure differs from the rent bill approved by the house Tuesday in that it would not authorize local county or state governments to wipe out rent con jrols in their areas arbitrarily But it would permit the states vi take over the job of policing rents if the individual governors certify that enforcement ma chinery has been set up and is WASHINGTON March 16 UP Millard E Tydings Md of the senate armed services committee Wednesday in troduced a bill authorizing con struction of a SSOOjOOOOjOOO cen ter for the development of super sonic aircraft guided missiles and other air force weapons The project to be known 83 the air engineering development cen ter would be located some where in the west It would be developed jointly by the secretary of defense and the National Ad visory Committee for Aeronautics only pink tea efforts to break he talkathon Yet Lucas shouted at the first opportunity that comes along he Wherry abjectly surrenders and comes in here with something worse from the standpoint of civil rights Wherry was a leader in working out the compromise Sen William F Knowland R Cal called Lucas attention to the fact that 12 northern and western addition to 18 from the signed a petition supporting the compro mise proposal Knowland said those signers constitute a majority of the sen ate Democrats and he declared If this is a coalition which i is not it is a coalition with See Page 2 Column S Miss Coplon Faces Files Theft Count WASHINGTON March 16 A young woman government worker already charged with passing data to a Russian agent Wednesday was indicted for steal ing secrets from Justice depart ment files The indictment was returned here against Judith Coplon 27 yearold Brooklynborn brunette employed until recently in the Jus tice departments alien registra tion section She and Valentin A Gubitchev Soviet engineer employed at United Nations headquarters in New York were indicted in New York a week ago on espionage charges That indictment followed their spectacular arrest on a New York street corner after FBI agents had tracked them to a meeting place Miss Coplon now is free in New York on 20000 bond Justice de partment officials said she will be taken into custody again and brought here to answer ths new indictment She pleaded innocent to the New York indictment and her trial there has been set for April 1 ready to go Other Bill Provisions The bill would not put a 15 ceiling on rent hikes however Landlords still could apply for tra increases on the basis of hard ship or increased operating costs The senate bill also would 1 Permit the housing expediter to issue any regulations he be lieves necessary to protect renters from unfair evictions 2 Provide criminal penalties ranging up to one year in jail aad in fines for landlords who violate the law 3 Slap permanent hotel accom modations back under ceilings and roll back their rents to Oct 31 1948 Decontrol 5 Decontrol socalled luxury apartments renting for 290 a month or more if they are occu pied by only one family The rent chief would set a lower figure if he desired 6 Continue local rent advisory joards and require them to hold hearings for tenants or landlords who request them 7 Provide that rulings of the housing expediter no longer would ie subject to automatic review jy the emergency court of ap peals Rulings still could be ap pealed however 8 Recontrol rental units freed from ceilings in 1947 because they had been vacant two years recom mended by the local rent advisory board Sue Chiseling 9 Authorize the housing expe diter to sue chiseling landlords for triple damages 10 The 5 automatic increases would be figured on the basis ot the tenants renton June 30 1947 Subcommittee Chairman John J Sparkman D Ala said the full committee will decide whether controls should be extended for a flat 15 months The other alterna tive provided by his subcommittee he said is to extend them only 12 months and then protect ten ants against evictions and further hikes for an additional thres months The full committee may take up the measure Thursday Sparkman said the series of automatic increases seemed the fairest and most workable way of handling the rent problem CHIEF WITHHOLDS FIRE Rebellion Confronts Truman KEY WEST Fla March 16 UP Harry S Truman withheld his1 fire Wednesday in the face of a revolt from a partydominated congress for which he campaigned in 31500 miles of travel Whether he will turn hisguns on the 81st as he did on the 80th congress in a train swing across the country was still a matter that did not go beyond specula tion If he does he would concen trate in those states and districts of senators and Republicans and have led the opposition to his fair deal legislative program Officially however the presi dent has said nothing since his Feb 2l speech to a Jefferson Jackson day dinner in Washing ton There he threatened to take another train trip to let the peo ple know what is going on in Washington He turned his attack then as he did during the cam paign on what he called the spe cial interests Presidential Press Secy Charles G Ross told a news conference Wednesday he had nothing to add to what Mr Truman said in the Washington speech He added that he had heard no official discussion of such a trip while here Is it safe to say that the presi dent is not happy about the sen ate filibuster the house passage of a local option rent control bill and ths tabling of the Wallgren nomination a reporter asked You may draw your own con clusions Ross commented tersely The president was known to be particularly unhappy over the ta bling by the senate armed services committee of his nomination of former Gov Mon C Wallgren as chairman of the national security resources board Sen Harry Flood Byrd D Vir joined with Republicans on the committee to sidetrack Mr Trumans close friend The presi dent stumped Washington stato for Wallgren in 1948 He carried the state himself but Wallgren was defeated At the same time there has been no comment from vacation headquarters at this naval sub marine station on any of the series of rebuffs handed him in congress A work stoppage in the coal mines added to the problems ha will confront when he flies back to Washington Saturday to attend the annual dinner of the White House Photographers Assn Satur day night Chief Justice Fred M Vinson Mr Trumans vacation guest since laat Saturday flew back to Wash ington Wednesday in the White House plane the Independence Ross said it was a purely social visit ;