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View Sample Pages : Salt Lake Tribune, March 12, 1949

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - March 12, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS am am pm Network Station KALL Monday Throiish Friday WEATHER Partly cloudy and continued warm Saturday Details on Page 20 VOL 158 NO 149 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH SATURDAY MORNING MARCH 12 IT949 PRICE FIVE CENTS Lewis Calls Halt In East Mines TwoWeek Mourning Walkout Protests Bureau Chief Boyd WASHINGTON March 11 L Lewis Friday ordered 375000 eastern coal miners to quit work for two weeks beginning Monday in a protest demonstration against Dr James eight democracies Boyd chief of the U S Bureau of Mines drafting the north Atlantic1 Pact Accord North Atlantic Writ Meets Drafters Whole Agreement WASHINGTON March It Two Filibuster Victories Swing il Rights Pendulum South The United Mine Workers president called for a shutdown of hard and soft coal pits east of the Mississippi but instructed western miners to remain at work to avoid public hardships in areas recently stricken by severe winter storms Lewis called Boyd incompetent to oversee federal mine safety reg ulations and said miners would use the holiday to mourn the un necessary slaughter of 55115 men hilled and injured in the calendar year 1948 during Boyds incum bency No Immediate Comment Boyd had no immediate com ment But mine bureau officials re plied that 1015 miners died ri accidents last year compared to an average of 1255 fatalities a year during the fiveyear period before Boyd took office They said the number killed per 1000000 tons of coal mined last year was the smallest on record Informed sources estimated that the work stoppage would involve 300000 miners in Pennsylvania 150000 in West Virginia and about 125000 scattered over Ohio Illinois Indiana Kentucky Ten nessee Alabama and Virginia No Fuel Crisis Industry spokesmen indicated the shutdown will notcause a na tional fuel crisis since coal stocks above ground now are the largest in years Estimates ranged from a 45 to a 60day supply Some observers noted however that the stoppage would whittle down this stockpile and perhaps strengthen the unions hand when new contract negotiations begin in the spring Lewis surprise move brought a sharp reaction in congress and some Republicans and Democrats alike agreed that it may make harder for the administration to have its way about repealing the TaftHartley acts machinery for dealing with national emergency strikes Chairman Joseph C OMahoney Dr James Boyd Walkout protests his incompetency Greeks Smash D told reporters the Lewis order would backfire Can See No Logic I believe that if Mr Lewis has given such an order it will insure a favorable committee report on Mr Boyds nomination I can see no logic in the action said Sen Hugh Butler R ranking minority member of the committee I doubt that it will effect the action of the commit tee Sen Robert A Taft R 0 commented that it looks astif Mr Lewis is trying to reduce the amount of coal above ground so that a strike will be more effec tive upon termination of the con tract He added that it will be inter esting to see whether Pres Tru man invokes the emergency clause of the TaftHartley law Period of Inaction In calling for the period of in action Lewis denounced Boyd Rep Charles A Halleck R Ind who speaks for a good many house Republicans said bluntly that the action should make re pealminded twice congressmen think UO A 1 b Aid Chief security pact announced Friday that they have reached final agreement on terms of the his toric defense alliance Indications were that the agree ment will be signed during the j first week in April probably inj Washington The negotiators also i agreed at a 2hourand15minute i meeting at the State department to make public terms of the pact next Friday First Peacetime Pact The announcement that final agreement had been reached was included in a special eightnation communique The first peace time defense alliance between the United States and western Europe link this country with Canada Britain Prance Belgium Luxembourg Norway and the Netherlands in a common front against possible aggressors Reports from overseas said that Italy Portugal and Iceland also are actively weighing the possi bility of signing the pact Changes Made Danish Foreign Minister Gus tave Rasmussen met with Secy of State Dean G Acheson earlier Friday He expressed hope after ward that his country will decide within the very near future whether to join to alliance Its all fine all agreed and everything Belgian Ambassador Baron Silveroruys told newsmen after the meeting State department sources said a few minor changes in the pact i were made at Friday afternoons j The senate wing of the U S capitol dome and portico lighted during a night session In this setting southern senators won a major victory Friday night In battle to perpetuate filibuster Seriate Coalition Defeats Berkleys Vote Ruling WASHINGTON March 11 filibusters Won major victories on two senate test votes Friday Democratic leaders conceded the Truman civil rights program may be as good as defeated The senate with 23 Republicans joining the Dixie men overturned a ruling by Vice Pres Alben Barkley that a two thirds majority can end the present southern filibuster now 12 days old The chamber did this by uphold ing Sen Richard B Russell D Ga in an appeal from the vice presidents decision The vote was 46 to 41 Just a few minutes earlier the ATHENS Greece March 11 tiP Communist plot to assassinate Lt Gen James A Van Fleet has been disclosed and the conspirators arrested the Greek government said Friday Gen Van Fleet is head of the American military mis sion to Greece Constantine Rentis minister of public order said the plan to mur der Van Fleet collapsed when the plotters were unable to think of a means of escape after the crime God has protected us Rentis said Confess Murder Plot I do not believe the people gen erally want the government made helpless against such recurring threats to national disaster he said Sen Eugene D Millikin R The reports that Communists were planning Van Fleets assas sination briginated from the arrest of a member of the Democratic Army of Athens which has re placed OPLA the Communist partys execution squad he said The aim of this group was to assassinate public figures in Ath ens and recalcitrant Communists Rentis said American security police were notified immediately and security measures were in creased Communists arrested here have confessed knowledge of the plot le added A cache of weapons was reported seized Van Fleet 57 was sent to Athens Feb 6 1948 to help Greece i under the American aid program Served in Reich Before coming to Greece he was assistant chief of staff in occu pied Germany He holds both the distinguished service cross for corn who almost singlehandi bat service and the distinguished edly blocked Boyds confirmation last year said Lewis order wouldnt affect his thinking one service medal for executive plan ning way of the other Contempt for Contract John D Battle executive vice president of the National Coal j pass Assn said Lewis action was in keeping with his contempt for his contract He said it also demon strates Lewis desire to dictate federal appointments to high of fice John L Lewis action in call Ing out all miners east of the Mississippi river is a strike Bat tle said in a formal statement This is the view of those opera tors with whom I have had the op portunity to talk Another attempt on the gen erals life was nipped last year when Greek troops discovered and removed dynamite from a railroad track over which his train was to meeting and that they would have 0 be referred back to the vari ous governments for approval They said it was highly unlikely that any further changes will be made Polishing Up Silveroruys said Fridays meet ing was devoted to polishing up the text of the pact and giving it sort of a beauty treatment He also mentioned April as the date for the formal signing of the pact It then must be ratified by the parliaments of the member na tions including the U S congress The eight powers set another meeting here next Tuesday pre sumably to decide on the exact date and the formal ceremonies British Ambassador British Ambassador Oliver Franks French Ambassador Henri Bonnet Canadian Ambassador Hume Wrong and Dutch Ambas sador E N Van Kleffens agreed with Silveroruys that the meeting had been very very good The final pact was believed to include these main points 1 An attack against any nation joining the alliance would be re garded as an attack against all 2 In event a member nation I is attacked the other seven coun tries would be required to send im mediate aid acting either together or alone Such aid could include the use of armed force if necessary to maintain peace in the north At lantic area Broad Security Zone 3 A north Atlantic security zone would be created in which joint protection would be guaran teed to ships planes and posses sions threatened with attack The security zone would include North Population Total In U S Near 148 Million Peg WASHINGTON March 11 UP The population of the United States reached a new high of 147916000 on Jan 1 of this year the census bureau esti mated Friday This was a gain of 124 since 1910 when the last formal census was taken and 2512000 more than the estimated total on Jan 1 1948 The next complete cen sus will be taken next year The bureau attributed about 91 of the 1948 gain to a grow ing ratio of births over deaths The other 9 was based on an increase in immigration The new estimate includes members of the armed forces here and abroad The civilian population in the U S on Jan 1 was estimated at 146463000 Israel Jordan ign Cease Firing RHODES March 11 ing war or no in the southern Ne gev Israel and TransJordan signed a ceasefire agreement Fri day The agreement stipulates that effective immediately neither will attack tha other on any part of the Palestine front by land sea or air U N Mediator Ralph J Bunche thanked the delegations for the spirit of cooperation and concilia tion which has made possible this America and western Europe first step in our mu The pact theoretically would run i tual bring peace to for 20 years although it would be i subject to renewal after 10 years WEST FRANKFORT 111 March 11 relaxing in a tavern after the days work were surprised Friday by John L Lewis decision to call them out of the pits Monday Whos Boyd anyway one miner inquired Thisll cost us another million another said Glen R Wasson a rescreener at the Old Ben No 9 mine said his only observation of James Boyd was from what Ive read On that basis I do not think he is qualified Wasson said I need the money but Im all for it Most of the miners didnt care to comment or have their names used One said that maybe John L just wants to get rid the coal above ground to clear the way for a strike in June A F to Build Missile Range Across West States Area WASHINGTON March 11 air force plans to establish a long range guided missile proving ground across Colorado and several other western states a Colorado con gressman said Friday The congressman who refused to permit use of his name said he was informed the proving ground would extend from the White Sands base in New Mexico in a northward arc to the Pacific ocean at a point below the Canadian boundary A bill to authorize the proving ground at an initial cost of 575000000 was approved by the house Wednesday It does not say where the proving ground would be The congressman said he had learned that control towers will be constructed at intervals along the route of the proving ground to direct the course of missiles that will be launched in New Mexico The missile will be built of stainless steel he said The main body will be a tube about 30 feet long and three feet in diameter devoted mainly to tanks for 6000 Ibs of nitric acid and furfuryl alcohol the fuel for the craft It will have a wing span of 24 feet A pilots compartment and storage space for scientific instruments will be in the nose of the tube House Shelves Roll Call lent Extension WASHINGTON March 11 UP house action on a bill to extend rent controls for 15 months was postponed late Friday after administration forces narrowly de feated a Republican move to trim the extension to 90 days At the urging of Democratic leaders the house voted 167 to 70 to put off a showdown on the bill until next Tuesday The Democrats previously had hoped to get the bill passed be fore adjourning Friday night but a bitter floor debate and a flood of amendments bogged down their schedule GOP Proposal The GOP proposal to extend controls for only 90 days beyond he present expiration date of Mtarch 31 was rejected 178 to 163 Republican sponsors served notice they will seek another roll call vote on the plan before fina1 ac ion on the bill is taken Before calling a halt the house tvrote into the administration bill an amendment stipulating that ent ceilings must be fixed as ar as practicable at a level that guarantees landlords a fair re urn on a reasonable value of heir property Weasel Words GOP critics charged that the Smiting phrase was made up of weasel words that would de troy effectiveness of the guar ntee But the clause roved 246 to 31 was ap Palestine by the negotiations of an armistice agreement Denied Reports What bearing the agreement will have on the guarded Israeli push south through the Negev this week to the gulf of Aqaba remained to be seen Israeli officials again denied reports from TransJordan of continuing clashes between the Israeli columns and TransJordans Arab legion frontier guards in that region However Israeli Foreign Min ister Moshe Sharet Shertok told newsmen in Tel Aviv a Trans Jordan patrol which was in Israeli territory fired a few shots at Is raeli forces Monday and then with drew He called this simply an in cident and said the entire Israeli Negev is in our hands Israel Claims Israel claims the southern Nei gev with its fivemile shoreline on j cow could be the gulf of Aqaba under terms of I press strong Local rent boards would be re uired to consider such things as igher operating expenses tax in reases improvements in the roperty and deterioration of uildings in deciding what is a reasonable return The house also voted 174 to 98 o strike out a section of the ad ministration mill bringing apart ment hotels back under rent con trols Meanwhile Housing Expediter Tighe E Woods made public a lis1 of 107 areas mostly in rural see tions of 25 states which he said might be decontrolled if con gress would give him authority to restore ceilings in areas where rents climb unreasonably Rep Charles A Halleck R accused the Democrats of circulating Woods list as bait1 for the votes of congressmen from rural districts But chairman Brent Spence D of the house banking committee denied the charge He said he knew nothing about the list Russia Questions Turkish Aim In Defense Pact LONDON March 11 Diplomatic sources said Friday Russia has asked the Turkish foreign office about Turkeys interest in a proposed Mediter ranean regional defense treaty Turkey was reported to have told Russia the suggested pact would be defensive in character would aim to secure peace and security in the Mediterranean and would not be aimed against the Soviet Union British informants said Mos expccted to ex diBapproval of the United Nations partition Turkish participation in a Medi lution of 1947 TransJordan has objected to terranean pact if and when such a treaty begins to take the troop movements as a violation i shape of security council truce orders and Turkey is urging Mediter a threat to the port of Aqaba her ranean powers of like mind to Britishgarrisoned sea outlet three miles east of the frontier She complained to Bunche and asked him to halt Israeli attacks organize an alliance which later could be linked to the north At lantic treaty now being nego tiated in Washington Russ Federal Aid Deny Spy Charges NEW YORK March 11 A Russian engineer claimed dip omatic immunity and a young woman government worker beaded innocent Friday when they were arraigned in federal court on espionage charges The immunity claim was made y Valentine A Gubitchev sus jended Soviet employe of the Jnited Nations who was indicted Thursday with Judith Coplon 27 yearold analyst for the U S jus tice department Accusedj of Conspiracy The special spyprobing grand jury that indicted them accused raised hands ordered the roll call thepair of conspiring to pass to a foreign power United States defense and intelligence secrets Speaking through an interpreter the 32yearold Russian told the court he did not want counsel and that the case against him was being prosecuted to pursue cer tain aims But Judge Simon H Rifkind de ferred Gubitchevs pleading on the indictment until Monday and said he would assign an attorney to southerners battling to save the right of a filibuster so they can talk the civil rights bills to death had won another round By Same Vote By the same 46 to 41 vote the chamber turned down a motion by Sen Scott W Lucas of Illinois the Democratic leader to lay Russell appeal on the table The administration could if chose press on with its effort t 3reak the filibuster by day an night sessions designed to wea the southerners down But in viev of the magnitude of this task an he fact that other major legisla tion is upcoming it was uncertai whether this course would b aken Wrecked for 48 A virtual acknowledgement tha he civil rights program may have been wrecked so far as 1948 ii concerned came when Sen Franci J Myers deputy Democrat leader of the senate asked Luca whether Friday nights test migh not be the only vote we t have on civil rights at this ses sion Thats a very good Lucas replied However another administra tion lieutenant told a reportertha Pres Harry S Truman want this fought out to a finish Already in Touch He indicated that senate leaders might already have been in touch with the president who is vaca tioning in Key West Fla Before the senate recessed until Saturday there was a howling argument Lucas and Myers angrily chided Republicans saying they claimed to be for civil rights but many voted to nullify Bark 3 NAY 5 AYE This brought a shouted protesl from Republican leader Kenneth S Wherry of Nebraska anc others who argued that Barkleys method was illegal that the way o curb filibusters was to change he senate rules Baldwin Demands Answer Sen Raymond E Baldwin R Conn demanded to know whether planned to go on with the ight to outlaw filibusters by ightening the rules The GOP senator shouted that he only way to do this was by lontinuous night and day sessions We want to see this thing set led Baldwin yelled asking if wcas would push ahead now or ay the fight aside Lucas made no direct answer ither than to say he must consult ither senators before disclosing ds strategy Barkley Bangs Gavel Vice Pres Barkley banged his furiously trying to keep the enate in order and finally an ounced a recess Republicans yelled in protest aising their hands and shouting or a roll call vote Barkley finally counted the West Record In Gag Vote WASHINGTON March 11 Here is how senators from four intermountain states voted Friday night as the upper chamber over ruled Vice Pres Alben W Bark lays decision that twothirds of the senators voting can shut off a filibuster under present senate rules if they want to To overrule McCarran of Ne vada Democrat and Watkins of Utah and Malone of Nevada Re publicans To sustain Thomas of Utah Taylor and Miller of Idaho and OMahoney and Hunt of Wyoming all Democrats The same senators who voted to overrule Barkley also voted to feat a motion by Majority Leader Scott W Lucas aimed at bringing the filibuster eventuallyto a halt The senators who upheld Barkley voted to uphold Lucas Rights9 Battle Just Begun Demos Avow WASHINGTON March 11 CSV Sen J Howard McGrath D R I said Friday night it doesnt ap pear that Pres Harry S Truman will get along with this congress any better than he did with the Republicancontrolled 80th con gress The Democratic national chair man made this statement in reply o a question on a national radio program He spoke after the sen ate voting which administered a setback for the Truman adminis tration in its effort to choke off ilibusters McGrath while conceding the presidents program was threat ened warned that there is a long lummer ahead of us and we are not foing to surrender on civil rights It will be fought through and will be achieved he said McGrath declared that both par ies should be ashamed of those members who voted Friday night o overrule Vice Pres Alben W Sarkley The responsibility is bipartisan nd the shame is bipartisan he aid McGrath added that he believes he people are with the president n this issue and that Mr Truman nay have to take the road again vith whistle stop speeches and make some telephone calls defend him Let the defendant know if he is under illusion that he is going to be punished without first being convicted by due process of law he is harboring a mistaken idea the judge told Gubitchev Brooklyn Native Miss Coplon a native of Brook lyn and honor graduate of Barnard college pleaded innocent in a firm clear voice to the three counts of the espionage indictment Her trial was set for April 1 and shef later was released in bail She went immediately to her parents home in Brooklyn Miss Coplon was embarrassed by the crowd of reporters and photog raphers on hand Gubitchev stepped out of the van holding his hand cuffed hands before his face to frustrate photographers We are not surrendering on ivil rights nor on reformation of ules of the he said He said that everything achieved all in recent times had been hrough an alliance of liberal Re See Page Z Column 6 publicans and liberal Democrats ITS STILL CAT Gobbledegook Spelling Bill Voted Down in Commons have to go start over The house LONDON March 11 still spells cat For a while Friday it looked as though every last Briton would back to school and of commons saved the British by three votes 87 to 84 By that margin it turned down a bill by Laborite Mont Fol lick to reform the whole English spelling system Follick wants an alphabet of 23 letters instead of 26 no Q no Y no phonetic every letter and combination of letters standing for the same sound al the time TEH Kornltl His bill would have set up ei komiti to introdus eirashonal sis tem of speling uith ei viu tw maiking Inglish a uerld langulj Commons debated it for five hours George Tomlinson minister of education said the labor govern ment was against the bill means that the whole of the literature of this country would have to be rewritten he warned solemnly Tomlinson said the people seemed to be doing all right With spelling the way it is Every Child Knows The child in Yorkshire who sees Slaithwaite written he said knows that it is pronounced there as Slowlt Conservative I J Pitman whdse grandfather invented the 40char aeter shorthand system bearing his name was for the bill Follick a 62yearold doctor of philosophy and language teacher said he didnt insist on his own some better and sim pler one ;