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View Sample Pages : Salt Lake Tribune, March 04, 1949

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - March 4, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS 7rSO am am pm Intelmountain Network Station KALL Monday Through Friday WEATHER Partly cloudy Friday continued mild Details on Page 22 VOL 158 NO 141 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH FRIDAY MORNING MARCH 4 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS William Garnett Midgett left and Eliseo J Mares Thursday night made a daring but unsuccessful freedom bid from Utah state prison Convicted slayer Mares became first ever to break death row Breaks Utah Death Row Guards Foil His Pals Escape By JIM G BALDWIN Eliseo J Mares 22 a convicted murderer became the first pris oner to break out of the Utah pris ons death row Thursday night but his bid for freedom failed when he couldnt make it over the out Bide wall His companion in the escape at tempt William Garnett Midgett 26 got over the wall but was halt ed by a fusillade of shot from guards The break was timed at pm t Saw Cell Bars The men escaped from thei cell block by yawing bars from eel doors and crawling through Then they took bricks one by one from the cell wall to make a hole b which they entered the prison yard They had fashioned a long rope for use in scaling the wall by tieing torn strips of mattress cov erings together Two prison guards frustratec the attempted break when one from a tower fired at the fleeing prisoners and the other hearing the shots from his home across the street ran to the scene and firec at Midgett from outside the prison Neither Wounded Neither Mares nor Midgett was wounded Both were taken into custody immediately by prison guards An offduty guard Robert B Devine 26 who lives across the street from the prison and George Butters 61 3549th East were in strumental in foiling the break Butters was on duty in the northeast tower I saw two prisoners come out of the north side of the cell house and run toward the wall I knocked the windows out of the tower and shot to hit he declared I dont ehoot just to scare Back to House He continued One prisoner dropped back to the cell house as the second started up the wall I emptied my shotgun first then started using the tommy gun I fired at least eight shots Devine heard the shooting jumped out of bed put on his trous ers and grabbed his gun I ran out into the middle of the street and emptied my revolver at Midgett He was trying to crawl over the outside fence Cars were whizzing by he said I veiled at Midgett telling him Id kill him and that he had better hangonto the fence He hung there too Fourth North Section he called back to Guard Devine I think I better hang on Im pooped Apparently the ringleader George Butters foil pairs bold Helped escape try the attempted break Mares said he and Midgett had been planning the break for a couple of days I figured if I didnt make it Bill on Sunday Closing Dies In Tie Ballot Senates 11 to 11 Vole Kills Measure x One Solon Absent By O X MALMQUIST A statewide Sunday closing bill HB 89 was defeated by a tie vote in the Utah senate Thursday The count was 11 to 11 with one absent Proponents of the measure mis cued en their strategy by failing to realize the situation in time to have one of their number change to the opposing side Had this been done they would have been able to move for reconsideration One of Supporters Sen B Manning Jolley D one of the supporters got to his feet to change his vote but it was too late The chair alreadv had announced the roll call And having voted with the losing side Sen Jolley was not eligible to make the reconsideration motion The absent senator was Sen Lo renzo B Elggren D Salt Lake Such a motion could be made Friday if proponents could per saude one of those who voted against the bill to offer the mo tion and if the bill was still in the hands of the senate But being a house measure it was or will be returned to that body and there fore would have to be recalled be fore it could be revived In addition to defeating the Sun day closing law the senate Final Reading Passed four house bills on final reading and advanced two more to third reading Refused unanimous consent for introduction of a bill to appropri ate to the state depart ment of publicity and industrial development Advanced to third reading a sen ate bill creatinga state boxing and wrestling commission Confirmed several of Gov J Bracken Lees appointees during an executive session Held a second executive session which was resolved into a closed Forrestal Quits Johnson Named Defense Chief James Forrestal left resigned Thursday as the nations sec retary of defense Pres Harry S Tniman immediately announced appointment of Louis A Johnson to take over the duties March 81 STERN CONDEMNATION here the United States supreme door meeting of the committee of wmwnt hoir the wllole to discuss the status of school employes who are members of the legislature Bills which received senate ap SeePageS Column 4 court wouldnt help me Mares is awaiting an appeal to the Utah state board of pardons for com mutation of his death sentence The pardon board in turn is wait ing on a U S supereme court de cision I figured they wouldnt give me a chance and that I might as well do it now and get it going over the wall as to get it later Pardon Chance I had been tipped off that I didnt have a chance before the ward of pardons Mares said He declined to give the source of in formation but he added he was not so informed by his attorney Midgett said he was just going along for the ride We were supposed to go earlier Truman Assails Reds Affixes Traitor Tag WASHINGTON March 3 On the current senate filibuster Pres Harry S Truman Thursda blasted New party leaders Russians Pull Out of U S Zone in Reich FRANKFURT Germany March 4 Russians Wednesday night ordered their repatriation mission to leave the U S occupa tion zone of Germany after the n the afternoon he said but j American army tightened its tvere delayed removing the bricks On Feb 10 Midgett was in olved in a prison altercation ivhen he was reported to have truck at Guard Leo Nelson when he guard passed through the grade section in the No 1 cell jlock Early Friday prison guards Robert B Dorlne was off duty but came to aid of friend vere searching cells near death ow in an effort to find the saw sed by the prisoners in their es ape try Both Mares and Midgett vere taken to the prison dungeon and placed in solitary confine ment Several Persons The attempted break occurred n the same spot where three men roke out Aug 27 1948 Ercil lark 28 a convicted murderer oe Gough 41 serving time ior obbery and Fred Carl Berge Jr 1 a convicted burglar escaped two blasts of gunfire at that time and led police on a dramatic chase through a residential area Gough and Clark were captured that afternoon near Allen Park dr 186513th East and Berge gave himself up later after hiding out in downtown Salt Lake City Several persons who heard the shooting called The Salt Lake See Page 4 Column S freezeout blockade of mission headquarters here In retaliation the Russians or dered the only two American graves registration teams in the Soviet zone to get out Col Sterling A Wood Frank furt provost marshal and com mander of the blockade said early Friday that he expected the repatriation mission to leave its 15room house here within a few hours Warden John E Harris said the prisoners were being held in the fourth north section of No 1 cell house in the northeast part of the prison their cell blocks being so located that they could readily converse The men he said sawed a bar out of their cell doors and crawled through From there it was easy to take bricks out of the cell wall to fashion an escape hold Using a rope that had been made by tieing together strips of torn mattress covering the two men lowered themselves from their fourthfloor cell to the ground the warden said before breaking for the wall Denmark Norway Fall In Line With Atlantic Pact Phalanx COPENHAGEN Denmark The diplomatic informants said the committee will reaffirm its action Friday and the affirmative reply to be drafted by Premier Hans Hedtofts government will be sent then to Washington An overwhelming majority in both the Danish and Norwegian parliaments favors taking part in the North Atlantic treaty talks Meanwhile Norway deivered to the Soviet embassy In Oslo her Munthe De Morgenstierne said he reply to the proposal advanced by March 3 decided Thursday night to take part in the talks for a north Atlantic defense alliance In Washington the Norwegian ambassador announced Norway had accepted an invitation to join the negotiations The decision was made by the Norwegian storting parliament in a closed meeting Thursdayin Oslo The ambassador Wilhelrn will represent his country at a meeting with negotiators in the U S state department Friday Dipomatic sources said the Danish action was taken by the parliamentary foreign relations committee Subsequently Danish Communists condemned the pro jected north Atlantic pact and Moscow Feb 5 for a Norwegian Russian nonaggression pact Contents of the note will not be made public until Friday but it has been oonsidprnd certain that Mklgett later told officers that j voiced solidarity with Russia Army Restores Service The army immediately restored electrical and telephone service to aid the Russians in their prepa rations to leave Capt J P Wilson commander of the U S graves registration service said that both units left the Soviet zone Thursday One returned to Berlin because it had completed its assignment The other he said left Mecklenburg province on Russian orders to get out and never return The U S clamped its blockade on the Soviet repatriation mis sion Wednesday when on orders from Moscow the eight Russians ignored an American order to leave the U S zone U S Guards Posted Water gas electricity and tele phone service were shut off and guards were posted with orders to let no one in or out Wood said Friday that the Russians would be searched for possible films in their possession and then would be escorted to the zonal border by Soviet officers Pictures the mission members took Thursday from windows of the house have been confiscated Wood added We have only the word of Lt Col Andrei Lazarev chief of the Soviet military mission here that they will go right to the Russian zone border he told reporters outside the mission but he said that American soldiers would not accompany the departing Rus sians The Soviet news bureau SNB reported that Col Lazarev held a conference Thursday night with a U S liaison officer identified as Cnpt Hainos York Communis as traitors fo their statement indicating that i case of a RussoAmerican wa they would oppose the U S wa effort The informal statement came a a news conference crammed wit other important development they included The expected announcement o the resignation of James V For restal as secretary of defense an the selection of Louis A John son former assistant secretary o war to succeed him The change take effect March 31 Filibuster Prediction A prediction that the senate fil ibuster would run its course ant the administrations legislative program would be enacted A statement that he will recom mend that credit controls be ex tended beyond their expiration date of June 30 He said the price spiral is goingboth ways and the government is trying to meet the situation with ceilings on the upward climbs and a floor under the downward movements Mr Truman assumed a grave expression as he was asked to comment on a statement by Com munist party leaders William Z Foster and Eugene Dennis Oppose Imperialism They said in New York Wednes day they would take no part in An unjust aggressive and im perialistic or Wall Street war and would cooperate with all democratic forces to defeat the predatory war aims of American imperialism The president replied sternly I have no comment to make on such a statement made by traitors On other matters the president described the nonstop roundthe world flight by the armys BSQ as a wonderful thing When asked whether this would mean a re evaluation of the nations needs for bases and carriers he replied not necessarily since bases still Mr Truman said he favored a sim ple majority to shut off debate on either a motion or a bill He made a distinction between a sim ple and a constitutional majority the latter being 49 while a sim ple majority is more than half of only those present The senate Democratic leader ship is trying only for a twothirds majority to end debate and force a vote on a motion to bringup a bill Resignation Marks Exit Of Last FDR Appointee WASHINGTON March 3 Harry S Truman Thursday accepted the resignation of Secy of Defense James V Forrestal and chose for the post Louis A Johnson who was army mobilizer on the eve of World War II If confirmed by the senate as is expected Johnson will take over from Forrestal on March 31 The 58yearold Johnson a West Virginia and Washington lawyer becomes head man in the Pentagon in the midst of Americas most gigantic peacetime military prep arations As assistant secretary of war under Franklin D Roosevelt he directed the planning for army mo bilization a decade ago Last fall he was fund raiser for the Truman campaign for the presidency Last Roosevelt Man Forrestal first man to head up the army navy and air force under the unification act was the last remaining member of the Rooseithe senates antifiiibuster fight TALK CURB Debate Move Of Truman Angers South WASHINGTON March 3 Harry S Truman fired up Party Begins 13747Ft Teton Climb By TONI M SLAYTON Tribune Leased Wire JACKSON Wyo March 13747foot climb up Grand Teton mountain at Jackson empted in winter only once be begun Trmrsday by Petzoldt internationally known mountain climber Accompanied by A T Lewis 24 lumnus of Northwestern univer ity and Jack Lewis 21 a 1949 xaduate of Princeton university began the climb with down sleeping bags small moun ain tents special mountain type arkas mountaineering type ski hoes Wants No Rescues The group has requested Teton ational park officials not to send rescue expedition if it is not velt cabinet Pres Trumans decision to put a new man in Forrestals place had long been rumored However as is customary in such casesthe White House Thursday made public cor respondence in which Forrestal urged acceptance of his resigna tion for urgent personal consid erations Forresters letter reviewed his government career of eight and onehalf years first as undersea retary and then as secretary of the navy under Roosevelt and for the past 18 months secretary of defense Lauds Armed Services He paid profound tribute to the armed services for their work duringthe war and since He also expressed appreciation for the presidents support in the diffi cult initial period of the process of unification of the armed forces Praising Forrestal highly Mr Truman wrote him Your entire service has been characterized by vision foresight and a broad appreciation of the vital importance of relatingour military potential to the require ments of our national policy The reports that Forrestal would be replaced grew Insistent right after the election in which he made no stumping tour for Mr Truman as some of his cabinet col leagues did Associates Explain Associates said later however that the president had asked the secretaries of defense and state to stay out of the campaign Johnson on the other hand was chairman of the Democratic fi nance committee in the campaign As such he drew credit for most of the financial aid scraped together for the Truman cause when many another Democrat was without hope of victory Johnson inherits a 000 defense program a vast arm ing of America stemming from difficulties with Russia He takes over from a man foremost in ad vocating a tough policy in deal ing with Communist expansion Handed Difficult Job The new secretary is handed the Thursday with his proposal to curb debate with a simplemajority vote instead of twothirds and southern senators reacted an grily The president announced his po sitior at a news conference It went beyond the stand taken by his lieutenants in the senate Sen Scott W Lucas D the administration flood leader said he was sorry cannot agree with my chief on that ques tion Lucas would favor a con stitutional majority of 49votes but not the simple majority Mr Truman advocated Assail Truman Stand The southern phalanx opposed to any tightening of antifilibuster rules denounced the presidents position vehemently Mr Trumans news conference was held while the senate was engaged in its fourth day of de bate on an administrationbacked fight to close a loophole in the present aritifilibuster ride Sen Richard B Russell E quarterback of the Dixie bloc denounced Mr Trumans statement as a presidential inva sion of the senates internal af fairs Charges GagThreat He said it drew the question whether the president is going to gag the senate Sen Spessard L Holland D Fla said the presidents propo sition would be tantamount to destruction not only sf the pres tige of the senate but of its use fulness and ability to carry out the duties given it by the founding fathers Russell brought news of the statement to ths Ssnste floor as Holland was nearirig the end of a 5hoVir 37minute speech against tightening the antifilibuster rule Southerners Accused When Holland concluded Sen William F Knowland R an advocate of twothirds rule accused thesoutherners of favor ing minority rule I can find nothing in the con stitution or the rule or equity Knowland said that supports the contention that 25 tors eard from In summer the climb to the would be needed for refueling Agitation for publication of the findings of a board of scientists on the Bikini atomic bomb will not get anywhere the president made plain Norway will reject the Soviet ofIt said Col Lazarev protested fer The Russians accompanied the blockade as violating interna their proposal with a warning tojtional repatriation agreements in the Norwegians to stay out of the j ternational custom and the ele North Atlantic pact rcatary principles of humanity Reds Arm 5000 In Austria To Back9 Russ VIENNA Austria March 3 Austrian Communist party Thursday pledged support to the Soviet union in case of war It has an armed force of about 5000 men Austrians as a whole are overwhelmingly anti Communist Reliable sources say the Com munist groups are fairly mobile trained in street fighting and sabotage They have rifles of a variety of makes German Czech and British The official Communist news paper Colksstimme said The Austrian people will support the Soviet union in case of war The people of Austria will not shed blood for the dol lar They will not raise their hands against the land of so cialism mountain top requires about two ays The winter climb probably rill require four or five days The expedition is a quasiscien fic affair since the party plans o blink Morse code weather data ind other information to national ark headquarters at Jackson each ay at 8 pm Snow More Shallow Petzoldt a resident of Jackson tried with two others to climb the Grand Teton for the first time a winter climb was attempted in December of 1935 Petzoldt said before starting out Thursday how ever that the snow was not this deep when we tried it before The Alpinelike mountain was scaled first in the summer of 1898 by famous mountaineer Billy Owen and a party Petzoldt made the next successful summer climb in 1924 when he was 16 years age accompanied by another teen ager On his first winter attempt to climb the mountain in 1935 Pei zoldt was accompanied by a brother Eldon now a resident of Long Beach Cal and by Fred Brown San Francisco under the unification program which has been one of Forrestals headaches The latter has advocated greater power over the three armed services Johnson served as assistant secretary under Secretary of War Harry H Woodring Johnson had a big hand in lining up expansion of the army and getting plans in shape for industry to swing onto s war footing Biagraphical sketch of John on page 2 columns 4 and keep 71 senators from discharging their constitutional duties This is minority government with amendments We complain when minorities take over governments in Europe Lucas told newsmen he Is iinuOCiuSd just Wheii he will liiuVe xOr a test of strength Previously he had said he would file a debatelimiting cloture petition Thursday then changed the date to next Monday Lucas said the senate will meet Saturday usually an off day Paul Petzoldt is a former Uni versity of Utah student and re sided in Salt Lake City from 1931 to 1933 when he moved to Jack son Hole Mr Petzoldt made a trip to Europe in the summer of 1932 and THE GREATEST Zachary Envisages Gabriel Messenger From Heaven Hie third chapter condensed from the book Greatest Story Ever Told whlth The Tribune Is pro sentlnr In lerlal form during Lenten season By FULTON OtJRSLEE Then suddenly Zachary came out in a wild rush from the sanc tuary and something very serious was wrong with whole multitude could see that Swaying dizzily down the twelve steps he staggered to the rim of the open part of the altar As Zachary tot tered there Annas the high priest leaped forward and put strong arms around him Zachary cheeks pale eyes glittering hair mussed spent several weeks at Windsor could only stamp his right foot m Rnotnnrt o f i and waVe his arms in frahOc move ments pointing to his open mouth as if he had swallowed the mystery and therefore could mate no sound There was nothing to be done but for Annas to leave him stand ing there white he as high priest in England as a guest of he dean of Windsor A Jackson Hole guide during summer months ivhilc he was attending college he met the dean of Windsor during he deans vacation trip to the Tetnn area and was invited to be a guest at the castle took over the service made the final prayer and dismissed the people Then and thenonly could Elizabeth get out of the court of women and beat her way to the outer square where Joachim held Zachary waiting The old wife sheltered her man in herarms Not until they were back in Ain Karlm did Zachary divulge the facts He sat at the table motion ing for parchment and quiUa Zachary would talk with them by writing the first great fact was that he had been stricken dumb Slowly Zachary wrote on the parchment I have been listening to an angel When she read these words Elizabeth gave a low moan aaJ be ijan pacing back and forth beating iier fists against her temples Zachary had not only been stricken dumb he had gone mad See what See Page 9 Columal ;