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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - March 1, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS am am pm Intelmountain Network Station KALL Monday Through Friday WEATHER Partly cloudy Tuesday little temperature change Details on Page 14 VOL 158 NO 138 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH TUESDAY MORNING MARCH 1 3919 PRICE FIVE CENTS Price Blaze Loss Set At Grocery Furniture Stores Gutted As Employes Flee Tribune Leased Wire PRICE Feb stubborn fire roared through a Price business building Monday morn ing causing damages estimated fit S125000 to before firemen extinguished it in a threehour battle Fire Chief Nephi Gunderson said the fire which gutted the Zions Wholesale grocery warehouse 30 S 1st West and the Johnson Fur niture Co 24 S 1st West was the most costly and one of the most stubborn blazes in this city in more than a decade Building1 Insured He said the building owned by the grocery firm was covered by insurance and grocery stocks were insured also Insurance totals on the furniture firm he said were not definitely known Monday night Price firemen still stood guard Monday night on the smouldering ruins of the building which housed both firms because of danger from the sagging lire weakened roof of the structure The fire broke out Monday at 11 am and was apparently caused by defective flue in one of the heat ing stoves in the building the chief said Report Explosion Soon after the fire broke out employes of the grocery firm wno fled to safety when smoke and flames began filling the warehouse reported they heard an explosion Chief Gunderson said Monday night the explosion apparently came from air space between the ceiling and roof of the structure He said possibility of the explosion roming from a can of gasoline that was reportedly in the building had been investigated and discounted by investigators The fire was confined to the interior of the building by fire men which lessened danger to the nearby Savoy hotel and a bulk plant of the Utah Oil Refining Co located 100 yards from the ware house the chief said A standpipe on the roof of the Savoy hotel was used to protect that structure from flames The fire was brought under con trol at 2 pm Nehru Asserts Recis Seek India Seizure NEW DELHI India Feb 2S Minister Jawaharlal Nehru said Monday that Commu nists are trying to seize the gov ernment of India by force The Communist party has adopted an attitude not only of open hostility to the government but one which can be described as bordering on open revolt Nehru told parliament He said weekend raids by gangs in the Calcutta area in which at least IS persons were killed were part of a Communist plan to take over thegovernment Stuffed in Furnace Three Britons and two Indian policemen were among those killed at Calcutta in clashes with gangs The bodies of the three Britons were found stuffed in a furnace Nehru said 870 Communists have been arrested for violence during the past 10 days and the governments crackdown on mur derers arsonists and saboteurs will continue The house is well aware of Communist revolts in countries bordering on India he said Futherance of Policy It is presumably a furtherance of the same policy that attempts are being made in India to incite the people to active revolt When asked how the Commu nists obtain arms Nehru said There arc several ways It is particularly easy in Indias east e n provinces such as Assam where they have borders with for eign countries Assam borders on the Soviet Union Nehru said saboteur student gangs were working with Com munists in the Calcutta area 14 Students Seized He said 14 students were seized Saturday night and a large quan tity of arms and ammunition was confiscated He said the students were mem bers of the Revolutionary Com munist Party of India which broke away from the central Com munist party several months ago but still collaborates with it on occasions The week end gang raids in Calcutta and Communist efforts to call a national railway Kirihn were connected with Com munist policy throughout the far ha added NARROWEST ilMRGIN Lien Squeaks by House By RICHARD A SQUIRES A bill repealing the controversial welfare lien law passed the house with one vote to spare Monday by a vote of 32 for 25 and eight absent Thirtyone votes a constitutional majority of the house are necessary to pass any measure In view of the close vote the measures future when and if it reaches the floor of the senate at best can be described as i uncertain Many members in both houses feel that tnepresent appropriation for welfare is too OILS Railroads To Exchange Sample Contracts CHICAGO Feb 28 INS Representatives of 16 nonoper aling railroad unions and the nations railways agreed in Chi cago Monday to exchange un official sample contracts The reason for the trial con tracts leaders of both factions said would be to determine ex actly how far apart the princi pals are on their wagehour dispute A factfinding board ap low to risk broadening the eligi Wlity base for relief by removing the lien requirement Compromise Measure The bill passed by the HB a compromise meas ure It was substituted for HB 162 which in addition to repealing the lien would have removed virtually all restrictions written into the welfare act by the 1947 legisla ture including msximums and property limitations Thesimple repealer was sub stituted by Rep Maurice Ander son D house majority leader when it became apparent the broader bill could not receive a majority HB 219 simply repeals the section requiring the state pointed by Pres Harry S Tru fare commission to take a lien on man following a threat of a national railway strike and re cently recalled to help settle the dispute issued an interpretation of its recommendations Senators Stud List of 21 Lee Nominees Gov J Bracken Lee Monday sent to the state senate a list of nominees for 10 fulltime commis sion posts state engineer and 10 advisory council or parttime com mission berths The nominations were referred to the committee on appointments which met following adjournment appointments real property owned by old age assistant recipients as a prerequi i site for receiving assistance I The Hen was not collectable un til death of the recipient owner iand spouse The bill makes no disposition of liens already taken by the commission More Than Hour Arguments for and against the measure occupied the house for more than an hour before de bate was cut off by a majority vote Proponents of the measure at tacked the lien law as discrimina tory against aged recipients who had invested their life savings in a home They argued that the lien provision discouraged thrift and deprived the aged of their right to leave an inheritance to their children Others criticized diversion South Democrats Start Filibuster To Save Weapon Truman Instructs Leaders To Meet Issue Head On WASHINGTON Fob 28 legislators opened a filibuster to save the historic right of filibuster in the senate Monday after PITS Harry S Truman himself signaled a show down to curb such talkathons All senate legislative machinery camn to an immediate Plentv oi Wind and an Inclination to Talk Sens John C Stennis D Waller E Georgo D Ga ami Russell Ione D La discuss southern blocs filibuster Mnrind on the floor Monday by the Georgia senator of the I The were enate governors Two DC6s 77 Aboard Land WhenSmoke Chokes Cabins PHILADELPHIA Feb 28 UP i passengers and a of four TWO nr fi American airliners i landed at Int I wo JJCb American riffjrall International airport carrying a total of 77 persons made safe emergency landings Monday as heavy smoke billowed through their cabins One plane with 54 persons aboard landed here after circling New York City and Newark N J for two hours trying to get without difficulty in a slight over cast It was en route from Mex ico City to New York City and had stopped at Washington sales tax revenue which made it necessary for the state to econo mize at the expense of the old folks Rep William Ingleby D Salt said that the 194S ap propriation bill diverted sales tax revenue to 26 purposes other than welfare Against Proposal Rep A I Tippetts D San one of seven Democrats voting against the measure said that he felt the lien law was discriminatory but that in view of the appropriation approved by the house Friday he had no other choice I through the weather of Several hours later a second David H city manager of Richfield and former mayor of that city to the engi neering state road commission for a sixyear term The gover nor also submitted the name of James N Stacey also of Richfield for a temporary term on the same commission ending March 15 1949 SixYear Term O A Wiesley R Salt Lake City former member of the state industrial commission to the in dustrial commiFsion for a sixyear der that estimated by the gov We have written down the wel fare appropriation 000006 un term W Seegmiller R Beaver former speaker of the house and onetime Republican candidate for governor to the liquor commis crew of five and was from Washington to DC6 made a perfect emergency landing at the Cape May N J naval air station about 95 miles from here Itcarried IS passen gers uu en route New York Smoke Source Unknown An American Air Lines spokes men said the source of the smoke in the plane which landed here was not determined immediately but there was no fire The smoke in the other craft was caused by a short circuit in the planes elec tric wiring he said The first transport carrying 50 Clay Seeking dTo Wind Up j j Reich Fire engines crash crews and ambulances stood by as it circled the field All traffic below 2000 feet was cleared and the ship came in It was a perfect threepoint landing Next Nearest Field Company investigators later said the smoke may have been caused by an oil leak in one of the planes four engines The dripping oil probably smoldered and the smoke was carried back into the cabin through the planes ernor This measure will spread those funds thinner and to vote for it is to betray the old folks now on relief he charged Theory of the lien law was de sion for the unexpired term of fended by Minority Leader Clifton j lando S Peterson resigned end ing July 1 1953 G M Kerr R Box Elder who charged that most of the opposi French Arrest I Two Officers ho I For Espionage J D Delta business tion to the lien was politically man who is now serving on the liquor commission to the liquor commission for the unexpired term of Georsre H Lunt resigned end was raised ing July 11951 H C Shoemaker R Bountiful retired executive of Sears Roe buck and Co to the state tax commission for a fouryear term succeeding Milton Twitchell a Re publican member of the bipartisan committee Welfore Commission Dr A C Lambert Provo mem ber of the Brigham Young uni versity faculty to the public wel fare commission for a sixyear term Elmer Dudman inspired He recalled that the state had a similar lien law from 1933 to 1937 and no objection Prosperous Times He said the 1947 legislature passed the Jien law to halt rising expenditures for welfare which jumped from in 1941 42 to in 194748 dur ing the most prosperous times in our history He said the commission esti mated that repeal of the lien would increase welfare costs by per biennium and re called that the house already had PARIS Feb 28 UP Two French army officers have been arrested and will be tried by a military tribunal on charges of spying for a country behind the iron curtain the ministry of in terior announced Monday One military source said the ar rests were just the beginning of a general purge of Communists from the armed forces They came as military authorities started an investigation of four Ccnmuiiisis charged with endangering the French security and as the gov ernment studied possible prosecu tion of two Communist leaders in limited welfare to 514000000 for Ogdcn i the next two years merchant to the publicity and in Waving petitions for repeal of dustrial development commission SEC Page 2 Column 4 the law Mr C L Jack D Salt See Page 2 Column 1 Five More Bulgaria Pastors Admit Guilt Seek Mercy SOFIA Bulgaria Feb 28 UP more Protestant pastors pleaded guilty Monday announced their repentance and asked for mercy in the trial of 15 high Bul garian churchmen on charges of espionage treason and black marketing They praised the Bulgarian se curity police and blamed their co Priests Layman Due to Hang In Yugoslavia BELGRADE Yugoslavia Feb 28 Catholic priests and two laymen have been sen tenced to death by hanging charged with collaborating with the Italians the Germans and antiCommunist Yugoslavs dur ing and after the war it was an nounced Monday The priests William Savellj and Alphonse Jertz were ac cused of being leaders in hostile activity against the liberation movpirient during the war and for numerous other crimes J defendants as well as Americans for their guilt Mondays hearing followed the pattern of those Friday and Sat urday in which three leading de fcriusnti pleaded guilty except that the pace was speeded Defendants rattled off confes sions rnpidly and the judges and prosecutors hardly bothered to crossexamine them Testimony of the remaining sever defendants will start Tues day Georgi Nikolov Chornev Pente costal church leader was first to testify Monday Chernev 46 of medium height and stockily built with a shiny bald patch in themiddle of his head spoke in a low monotone Chernev said that his codefend ants Nicola Milhailov Naumov and Yanko Nicilov Ivanov who had already pleaded guilty relayed him instructions to give information to church circles in Geneva and to Cyril BIHCK of the American mis sion in Sofia He said he gave in formation of the number and dis position of Russian troops in Bul the national assembly Confesses BERLIN Feb 28 Lucius D Clay said Monday night he has asked informally to be retired from his duties as United States military governor of Ger many It appears likely there may be a complete change in American administration here by early sum mer Clays retirement would cer tainly be followed by wholesale resignations among the top ad visors in the military government Possible Successors Three generals have been men tioned as possible successors They are Gen Mark Clark former military governor of Austria Lt Gen Walter Bedell Smith who has asked to be relieved of his post as ambassador to Moscow and Lt Gen Albert C Wedemeyer Clay told an informal ravS con ference in Frankfurt that he had no information about who might succeed him He pointed out that Washington had not yet acted on ventilating system they said The plane was ferried to New York for a thorough GaptSam Ross New York City first radioed a distress sig nal after he had flown over New York City for an hour and a half waiting for the weather to clear for a landing He reported smoke seeping into the plane and was or dered to the Newark airport As we circled the slushcovered Newark field the smoke became heavier You couldnt see your hand in front of your face stew ardess Dorothy McDonnell New York City said Plane Exits Opened Ross then decided to head for the next nearest phia He CUL oii all electrical cur rent except that needed for the engines and pulled out of the air lines completely He flew without a radio for 15 minutes Meanwhile Miss McDonnell1 and the other stewardess Gretchen Roberts also of New York City assured the passengers that noth ing was seriously wrong When breathing became diffi cult the emergency exits were opened for a short while The passengers were in good standstill It may remain blocked for weeks so long as Dixie ora tors hold the floor Mr Truman told senate Demo cratic leaders to meet the issue hear on and southern Demo crats quickly accepted the chal lenge Their firstday drive was short lived however as the sen ate adjourned at pm until Tuesday Then it will start again At issue was an attempt by a I number of northern Democrats and Republicans to change the senate rules so that a twothirds major ity vote can limit debate at any time LeadOff Man As IcadofE man in the fight to i save the filibuster the parlia i mentary device of talking a bill to j deathSen Walter George D Ga said Uie issuesraised are bound to have repercussions here after and declared The results no man can quite see at this time George began speaking at pm EST Alternately shouting and lowering his voice to the grav est tones the Georgian charged that civil rights legislation offen sive to the American constitution was the real driving power be hind the antifilibuster move One by one George ticked off Pres Trumans civil rights propo sals and summed them up as ab solutely unconstitutional In Whole Career He insistedthat he was not fili that he had never re ported to such tactics in his whole TALKATHON submitted when the big ship landed 47 several months ago The general asked to be freed from his duties here the earliest moment the government felt it could release Stirs Texas Search me Press Breaks Story SAN ANTONIO Tex Fob 28 An army C47 plane with nine a number of liis south ern colleagues had made plain that they intended to carry on the fight as long as their voices hold out Democratic leader Scott Lucas D told the southerners the administration leaders plan to push for a showdown until we get a final disposition of this matter Republican floor leader Kenneth Wherry coauthor of the killthefilibuster motion said the southerners wetre hurting their own case by terming the proposed rules change a gag rule Express Their Views Wherry said that any time two thirds of the senators are willing to end debate he is sure all the lawmakers would have had a fair chance to express their views Sen Richard E Russell D Ga countered that the senate is the last forum of free debate on earth He said the filibuster has never been abused but has been the means of getting minority views before the public Without the present rules Rus sell said a minority would be absolutely helpless Waiting to bolster the southern effort was 30yearold Sen Rus sell Long D whose father the late Sen fluey P Kingfish Long held the senate floor in a lone filibuster for 15 hoars and 35 minutes in June 1935 It was one the longest talks in senate his tory Long said he willmake his Big Filibuster Held Back By Little Ditto By ARTHTO EDSON WASHINGTON Feb 28 The senate Monday finally moved toward its threatened filibustej over a rule to limit the filibuster But it was held up for an hour by of all things a small but gabby filibuster that killed time as effec tively as a big one Even when its hustling the sen ate often could give a snail a few pointers on timewasting For instance if a senator wants anything in the congressional record he has to ask unanimous consent for its inclusion Samples of Mondays requests Sen James P Kern R Mo wanted a resolution printed that plumped for Sedalia Mo as an ideal site for a pror wed air col lege Sen George W Malone R Nev had a bill he wantedtoin troduce Something about the diseases of livestock Finally Sen Scott W Lucas D HI said he had a few words to He said a few words We cant hear what the senator is said Sen Richard B Russell D Lucas quoted Alexander Hamil ton as having Public busi ness must in some way or other go forward He also quoted the late Henry Cabot Lodge of Massa chusetts Cant you quote any Democrats in favor of this asked Russell Lucaa said he could Further more he said he would later quote one Democratic senator at length a senator by the name of Lucas The Chicago Tribune said Sun persons aboard was reported over maiden senate speech bat only day night it had learned author due at Kelly air force base for anhour or the tomessra wnww itatively that Clay would retire The plane based at Hamilton filibustercurb proposal Tuesday Jby June and possibly within the Field CaJ left Biggs air force At least a dozen Dixie senators The interior ministry sad that E paso Monday morning j fighting to preserve the favorite Major Louis Teulery 37 had adj Washington Secv of the and was due to land here at Kelly tactical weapon in debate grimly mitted piviiif documents to a y i their tn Hie asngon ecv o e mitted giving documents to a mmi tary attache of a popular democ Army Kenneth Koyall said Monday rarv HP wnrLd in the min no decision has been mads eitnei racy while he worked in the min istry of armaments in It said that a Captain Azema instructor at a school for airborne troops at Pau had confessed that he collaborated wUh the major A ministry spokesman said that Teulery would be charged with betraying military secrets to a foreign power Popular democ racy is the name that Russia and her satellites apply to themselves Conviction on this charge carries a possible life sentence Perils French Security According to the spokesman Azema probably will be charged with endangering French security Convictipn carries a jail jerm of one to five years the ministry said carI at am I awaited their turn to open the on Ciays retirement or on the I over a wide area of west Texas appointment of a successor An intensive search was started i floodgates of oratory against the I rules change Clay originally applied for re tirement a year ago He has be come a symbol of resistance to Soviet pressure in Germany This has been one of the chief factors in the generals staying here Even now the Russians would propagandize Clays retirement as a victory for them However the airlift to blockaded Berlin symbolizes American policy at present and Clays retirement would not have the adverse effect oh German morale now it would have had last year garia of air fields and other rnilil loucnne tary data j signer ried a Communist party card fought in the Communistcon trolled section of the Maquis re sistance during the war snd was drafted into the regular army after the liberation It added thatrhe was part cvner of the newspaper Frances small Communist weekly whose general manager Robert Pennaut is under arrest on charges of endangering the na tional security Arrested with Pennaut last week were two other Tuin editor and Jacques Fried land reporter for the leftist news paper Regards and Bnrtrand a military aircraft de False Teeth Save Man Who Shot Himself in Mouth SAULT ST MARIE Ontario Feb 28 said George Hatfield put the barrel of a 22 caliber rifle 1n his mouth and pulled the trigger The bullet ran around the in side of his false teeth and came out of his mouth Dr J E Grimby who treated Hatfield for a cut torguc said the man was alive because The bullet was 1 years old Thefalse teeth wore in its way The teeth were wrecked SHE MURMURED YES Idaho Legislator Proposes Wedlock to Fair Colleague BOISE Feb 28 member of the Idaho legislature proposed marriage to a colleague was accepted The proposal came from Rep Edwin Snow R His bridetobe is pretty red headed Rep Edith Miller R i is a young lawmaker whoi lives in Council Ida and describes1 himself as a farmer mechanic and hardware dealer Miss Miller a lawyer is Boises first woman city position she still fills when not busy at the legislature She is also in her aarly 30s Touched off Query The proposal was made on the floor of the house after Rep Walter Averill R Cassia an nounced to his colleagues that he had been married during the week end Then Snow rose slowly to his feet and said In view of the wnnouncemcnt made by Mr Averill I wpnder U the lady from Ada would yield to a question Miss Miller replied Ill yield but only to the qties Armed Forces In Disunity Hoover Avers WASHINGTON Feb 28 The Hoover commission reported Monday that there is discord waste extravagance and lack of unified planning in the supposedly unified armed forces The national military establish ment as set up under the uni fication act of 1947 is perilously close to theweakest type of de partment the commission headed by Herbert Hoover told congress it recommended among other things that the secretaries of Oie army navy and air force be de moted to subordinate status and stripped of certain powers Would Increase Authority This would increase the au thority of the secretary of de fense now James V Forrestal to coordinate the oftenquarreling armed service The commission suggested that the three secretaries be deprived of their privilege of appeal over the head of the secretary of de fense that they be directly and exclusively responsible to him that the secretaries to clarify their position be designated the undersecretaries for army navy and air force Power Blocs Congress has appointment of and dealing di rectly with the civilian heads of tion and I wont guarantee an the three armed forces for a long time Blocs of power for each of the services has grown up on Capitol mil Whether congress would carry out the Hoover answer Lady from Ada Snow queried Since Mr AverUl has accepted the bonds of happy matrimony I was wondering if the lady from Ada would consent to marry me The lady from Ada blushed prettily Amid the roars of laugh ter Rep Larry Mills E Latah hammered for order and ruled Snows question as not needing an answer right then Miss Miller disappeared still blushing furiously She returned a few minutes later and an nounced On a point of personal privilege that I accept Mr Snows proposal No date was set She ducked behind the curtain Snow followed Reporters evaded commission recommendations re mained to be seen Since the air force gained its equal status with the other two services under the unification act there have been tests of strength Group Expresses Concern Congress has overridden ob jections by Forrestal and given the air force moremoney than either Forrestal or Bites S Tru man proposed The Hoover commission ex pressed concern about lack ot civilian control over the military It called the joint chiefs staff which is composed of military commanders of the three forces law unto themselves ;