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View Sample Pages : Salt Lake Tribune, June 24, 1949

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - June 24, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS Intermounfain Network Station KALL Mnniltj Throunh Fridit WEATHER Partly cooler OB Page U 71 SALT LAKE FRIDAY JUNE 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS Steer Middle Young GOP Told Conclave Keynoters Take Critical Shots at Trunian World Policy By MALMQUIST The Republican party was advised to chart a course between me tooism and standpatism by an eastern congressman and a midwestern editor The two John Davis Lodge of Connecticut and Jenkin Lloyd editor of the were featured speakers at the opening session of the national conven tion of Young Republicans in New house Underscoring their aversion to me both speakers took critical shots at democratic foreign and domestic At the same time they found some tendencies in their own party to TWOFaced Policy Lodge accused the admin istration of following a twofaced foreign policy and Editor Jones cited the Brannan farm program as a new high in desperate prom ises of economic Merlins who are trying to avoid De the program as a plan to provide high prices for the food low prices for the food consumers and conceal the differ ence in more public Jones said If subsidy is the road to pros perity lets all get into the If the idea isnt crazy why shouldnt we ail sell in a sellers market and buy in a buyers market The an swer is brutally The idea Is Split Personality Jones diagnosis of the Re publican ailment which caused it to suffer an unexpected defeat last November was that it suffers from schizophrenia split One he advocates a return to the laissez faire of Ben jamin Harrison and the other group is convinced that socialism in America is He disa greed The he are blind to the fact that dynamic society requires constantly changing system of checks and Those who believe social ism is inevitable make another kind of Christian Theory Under a system of free suf he no economic theory has survived long if it did not bring a better life to the If you believe socialism really delivers what it pretends to deliver then we are really And we should For isnt a better living for the masses the aim and end of nil Christian political theory If the socialists can do that job better than the nonso cialists lets surrender now and re tire from tfie field to enjoy happy years Socialism Dont Deliver the But who in this room believes SHARP DISPUTE Coplon Holds To Right Of Data Use June 23 UP Judith Coplon wound up a week of testimony at her espion age trial Thursday in a sharp dispute with government prosecu tor John Kelley over her right to take secret FBI infor mation home for the Kelley hammered away at the theme that she had no right to take FBI data from her old justice department She was a political analyst there until she was seized in New York with Valentin her self proclaimed Russian Book Material The government charges she stole secrets from department files for transmission to Russiathrough The girls defense is that she borrowed the documents to help her in writing a book and in taking a civil service examina Asfor she claims she loves him deeply and thattheir relations were strictly as man to Miss Coplon was much and even managed a wfte as Kelley questioned her about the data her meeting in New York with and a trip to Russia which she considered in the spring of but never Kelley questioned her at length on what right she had to remove the FBI slips from her She admitted that she did not con sider them her although she took them home and typed notes from them before returning them to the New Ideas for Elephant John Davis Lodge of and Jenkin Lloyd Oklahoma urge young Republicans to Infuse Ideas into Acheson Says Policy Stymies Russ in Europe ON WITNESS STAND Hiss Categorically Denies Charges NEW June 23 by Alger Hiss Thursday denied the charges that he sold out his state department office to a Soviet spy Hiss took the witness stand in his federal perjury trial shortly after a surprise defense witness quoted Whittaker Chambers as once saying that Francis former assistant secretary of was a leader of a prewar Commu nist underground in The Malcolfh said Sayre was described in 1940 by Hiss chief accused and a selfstyled courier for the Russian spy Blasts at Chambers Defense Lloyd Paul Stry ker immediately told the court he did not believe Chambers pur ported description of But he introduced Stryker in a further effort to prove Chambers a Sayre when informed of the declared I give an absolute and unquali fied Sayre now is a delegate Berlin rail strike and Truman Inks Hike For Expenses of Solons June 23 Harry S Truman Thursday m signed a bill to give veach house vfttr Trip to Russia member an additional a year expense But he told the congressmen it would do the public service more good to raise the pay of govern ment Some of these of Truman havent had a raise in 30 The expense allowance will give each representative an additional still getting just as they have been since increase since The same goes for other impor tant Truman On the other Truman kions and denied he even had seen to the United Nations trusteeship council meeting at Lake tall and was grave ly serious as he raised his right hand to take the witness oath be fore the jury of 10 men and two women upon whose verdict his honor For 17 days he has been sitting in Federal Judge Samuel Kauf mans courtroom listening to the government brand him a tool of Russian spies during his brilliant prewar career in Secrets From Hiss Chambers has testified as a former spy ring he got secrets from Hiss for the I Hiss denied Chambers accusa congressmen have more than him since As a re doubled salaries in 25 a New York grand jury in He said that with their tax free dieted Hiss on two counts of per they get approximately a As for the trip to she I elerkhire each plus said she asked a travel agency run 3y the American Automobile about also talked it over with her William She said she asked Foley what the FBI would think about Miss Coplon quoted Foley as re plying that people might mis1 jnderstand my so j for telephone and telegraph j Message to Congress j in a message to j said he signed the bill i willingly because he thinks its in j that socialism can deliver The plain fact is that socialism has never I American activities But its repeated failures have not I lessened its magic Its evil genius is that it promises so much MJLUKAUU so well and that by the time its fraud is discovered the omelet has been so wellscrambled that the economy of the state is It is easy to It is nearly impossible to de Calls for Frankness The hope of the Republican much the FBI as the house un care the j president plunged into a favorite therne of his at present sal Demos Drive To Bolster Position Hiss identified four data slips authorized Then Hiss said As 1 did Stryker continued Whether or not it was in the state department or any other de did you ever at any time transfer or deliver to the man who calls himself Chambers or anyone any unau thorized papers of any kind I did Hiss The 44yearold Hiss was on the stand for 58 minutes before court adjourned for the He Is ex pected to resume the stand West Officials Fail Again To End Strike June 23 west ern powers tried again Thursday to find a solution to the tangled All 11 of B29 Crew Saved Tribune Spcclftl June 23 UP Senate Democratic leaders introduced by the government and said he wrote j In February or March 1938 or any other time in your HfeljD J did you ever or i deliver those exhibits to Whitj taker Chambers Stryker I I did Hiss i Stryker then pointed to 42 other government data slips of state department information Chambers said he got from After a threehour meeting of the British and French com a spokesman said no decisions were reached and noth ing was agreed upon worthy of an The strike of west Berlins rail way workers has bottled up freight shipments in the fourpower city since May It was called to stress union demands for full pay ment of wages in west job security and union The union UGO is antiCom The rail management for which the strikers work is the Russia ncontrolled Reichsbahn state Several plans for ending the walkout were discussed Thursday but none had unanimous Informed sources said there was considerable disagreement and the western commanders agreed to issue no statement on their meet Atlantic Arms Aid Secretary Avers June 23 been thrown on the defensive in Europe and is now afraid to give the mans a voice in their own of State Dean Acheaoa asserted Reporting to a news conference on the recent Faru Bif Four he said the Soviets fearful refusal to relax tha Red armys grip on eastern Ger many proves that firm poli such ss the Marshall recov ery plan and the North Atlantic defense have put western Europes Communists in He met reporters soon after warning a closed session of the house foreign affairs committee that it would be tragic if con gress fails to press the ad vantage by not acting at this ses sion on both the Atlantic pact and a armsaidtoEu rope program to back it Urges Korea Aid Acheson also a strong ap peal to the committee for prompt action on a aid bill for which he described as an essential nonCommunist outpost in the far Picturing Koreas democratic government aSa symbol of hope to the Chinese and other Asiatic people who have fallen under the oppressive yoke of he said aid is urgently needed to enable the country to remain free of Soviet Acheson said the chief value of Did you ever transmit and of the nation as Iri injury when a B Jones lies not in trying landing here Thi men in the executive Important as it is for members of the congress to have adequate clerical he at least of equal importance to have men of ability in the key executive positions of the govern The best of laws can be June j ruined by poor 11 crew members escaped without j aries its difficult to get and switched signals Thursday in anjor deliver them to Whittaker r trker went effort to bolster their weakened j Chambers Stryker went chances of keeping injunctions out of Harry S Trumans Taftj Hartley repeal I Did Not djd the witness Thechange was aimed at winj are you now or Budget Slash June 23 Senators clamoring for economy claimed Thursday that well over half the senate membership has signed up in favor of directing Harry S Truman to cut bil lions of dollars off next years Fiftysix of the 96 members have ning support of enough leftwing have you ever been a member of signed such a John i No Action Taken 329 made a forced i Thursday about Truman noted thatbills to to out promise the promisers or p m and was wrecked and burned salaries of key government to create a rival fairyland to lure The pianef on a training flight j officials have been approved the It he in from Rapid air base j congressional but selling the truth when the truth Is less alhiring then Jones to landed on a small I that no action has been landing strip after one of its four engines caught These he are not what he would but they would after mankind has tried every The strip had no wind easier alternative he will embrace j anf the plane landed the It may be his last the strip and but he will come wrcckage for about half a a Truman Doing a Jones said the Truman adi witness he fieured the in inistration currently is trying to An offjcer an better the present Robert Taft June 23 QT Elbert Thom as D and Arthur Warkins R voted against the Morse amendment for dealing with na tional strikes on a easehycase Democrats and liberal Republi the Communist party I am and never have Or a fellow traveler or a Communist sympathizer 1 never have Stryker asked if the statements Hiss made to the jury and for which he was indicted for per jury were CVLO dull cans to pull the injunction teeth They were and lney are Hlss from a proposed amendment Did you in your lifetime ever ministra force a return to laissez faire by knocking out virtually all control over labor Lewis Check ftain demoralizing Nor would they be too little he figured the increase and aids were en I asked for officials would amount route trom Rapid City to Artesia j to His eati Thursday night to mate of the annual cost of the bill LVJUCl L i i i It came after the senate l or dellver to McCIellan said 21 Democrats and 35 I expect to have at least 60 names when it is presented to the the Arkansawyer told a I hope the leader ship will be responsible to the will of the great majority and im mediately bring it out and reach ja final Move Scott Lucas of senate Democratic has expressed jected 77 to 9 another plan forWhittaker Chambers or any other strong opposition to any system ittle dealing withnational emergency I authorized person se1 which would shove the task of An on i PfinfiriPnllft flOfMimftTltS Of i n n j rr fVlA The nine enlisted men and pilot and copilot of the B29 were scheduled to remain here The only essential Artesia is about a mile east of he between John jne UtahColorado Lewis and old John Rockeni for is the fact that the latterday John can cripple the economy of the entire a feat the old John never could have accomplished had he if it was to the public j Interest to put a checkrein on John it is of even greater public necessity to get a rein on John he Thursday was strikes bv allowing government c If seizure of struck Congress Responsibility the state department Stryker 1 think you meant unauthor for clerk hire He offered a couple of examples of what he Federal trade Sponsored by Wayne Hiss pointed Stryker documents of j priming appropriations onto the nf rather than Only two days he said he had no plans for consideration of the bipartisan resolution embodying the Paris meeting was that it proved Russia has switched to fensive tactics in in the face of successful western policies of restoring economic strength and political Keep Firm Position The United Britain and he did not retreat an inch from those policies at but displayed their willingness to restore selfgovernment to Ger many as swiftly as possible under any system that guarantees basic human On the other he the Russians blocked any such agree ment because they are afraid to give the Germans a voice in their own The Communist cause Ger many would be lost if the Rus sians relaxed their hold on eastern and the Russians know i he Must Continue Policy But he emphasized if the ground that has been gained is to be it is urgently necessary that present American policies be continued and What he meant by that was made clear by his warning to the house committee that it is of the utmost importance that congress approve both the Atlantic pact and the arms program before quitting this While he refused to describe the Paris meeting as a he said it registered modest in progress toward an Austrian and in relaxing tension in Germany by clearly establishing that the Berlin blockade is not to be Distrusts Russians On the latter he quickly added that he is not naive enough to believe the Ru sians wont reimpose the in spite of the Paris if they think they can gain by At one Acheson urged re porters to bear in mind that Big Four meetings are not battles of wits between individuals where bright ideas and sharp maneuvers pay he likened them to the gauge of a steam boiler which registers pressures created else page it would havcagTeed he was referring to un1 thjs although it had been ap Democracy cannot live under the of the and thats why any attempt to return to a tem of anarchy of labor or anarchy of capital or anarchy of anything else is doomed to Peace Overriding Issue Stating that war and peace is the overriding issue of this Lodge voiced acceptance of the bipartisan principle that it Train Crews Escape Injuries In Collision at Castlegate Trlhunc Lraxcd Wlrt June line of the Denver and Rio Grande West ern railroad was blocked for more than two and a half hours Thurs day when a freight train rammed the rear of a coal train in the Castle Gate of Price canyon at No one was First section of the Diesel engine of the Red Ball freight was derailed and the coal trains caboose smashed between the should be met without regard to engine and loaded coal party j Scene oi the accident is five he it is more im miles north of in a portant to be right than to be bisteepwailed section of the I suggest to you that a j wrecker directed by successful foreign policy cannot wrecker fore be predicated on a formula which cleared the The calls for running with the hare crushed caboose was tipped off the in China while we hunting tracks into the Price to be Page Column 61 salvaged at a later Morandy was engineer on the Diesel with and Seth conduc The crew of the Scofield local included engi Frank and Earl Two lengths of heavy rail on the east which is usually used for west bound were turned completely The first car behind the Diesel a box was raised in the air from pressure of loaded freight cars behind it and left its required the president to take tional emergency strikes to con gress with recommendation for If the recommendations in1 eluded the president could take over the property in 10 days unless his plan was vetoed by both house and Defeat of the Morse amendment was the signal for Paul j to withdraw his amendment to Tafts plan which would allow courts to au1 thorize either seizure or injuncj tions in major Douglass amendment was tical in substance to the one he j offered in collabora tion with George It was 55 to Lucas Proposals Scott senate Demo cratic then offered an other amendment to the Taft pro He told the senate it would knock out all reference to Injunc trucks setting untouched on the i tions but leave the seizure pro All that appeared necessary to make thr car usable was to put This would give the prolabor Civilians In jured By Japanese Get Million June 23 Tom Clark a check Thursday to he disbursed among American civilians who suffered personal injuries at the hands of the Japanese during World War The the first payment for such war was made available from proceeds from the sale and government opera tion of German and Japanese property seized during the Congress last month author ized transfer of the alien prop erty proceeds to the War Claims commission and Federal Security administration which will dis burse proved by the senate expenditures the chairman of that and Clyde Reed another economy advo bepan circuiting the petition to prove the backing behind their Concedes Weakness McClellan conceded the petition couldnt force a but he said it certainly will show what sena tors favor the calls for the president to make cuts of not less than five or more than in all appropriations for the new fiscal year which starts July With a budget in the neighborhood of this would mean a reduction of to Meanwhile a Yankee Republican came out with a plan to balance the budget by a cut in military Ralph Flanders said the United States is being j asked to direct SSCr of its fcd the wheeled trucks back under wing of the who voted The money will be paid to i eral appropriations to the mili front of the Dissel engine against the Douglas amendment American nationals who were Outlays for military iis smashed somewhat but a chance to vote I interned during the war in the are un nen said it probably would travel against injunctions instead of for Philippine islands and on Mid i economic n d under its own Wake and Guana Flanders PACT MEMBERS Arms Outlay Strikes Snag June 23 NYT administrations 000 program of military aid to this countrys associates in the North Atlantic Defensive alliance has been moved back on the list for action at this session of The State aepartments indirect suggestion that the plan be taken up in the house before the North Atlantic treaty itself is ratified in the senate has been bar ring some overturn in the foreign position that might change this This was learned Thursday in the highest after of State Dean Acheson urged ac tion this session on both the arms plan and the The military aid plan will re quire the simple majority approval of both the house and the senate ratification of the treaty is exclu sively the function of the where twothirds majority of those voting will be Dutch Airliner Carries 33 To Sea Grave June 23 big Dutch carry ing 33 persons plunged out of sunnyskies into the Adriatic sea Thursday in view of horrified beach bathers off this southern There were no known The Royal Dutch Airlines K L M said their plane carried a Dutch crew of 17 Dutch pas sengers and five Egyptians who got aboard at Cairo en route non stop to Directors Son Pilot The Italian news agency Astra said the chief pilot had been identified as Hans son of KLMs director Witnesses said it seemed to fall straight downward from about level off at 1500 and then fall tailfirst into 120 of It settled less than 1000 from Baris sunny Bodies of 16 five women and three children were recovered An Italian news agency reported one additional that of a also was Clothing Stripped off The fourengine Constallation was en route from to Amsterdam on the last leg of the flight via Aden and Clothing had been stripped from most of the apparently by an One report said many were A seaplane and tugs and light naval craft rushed to the scene and divers went down to the MILITARY TAX HIKE Bradley Says 67 Would Go Back to Treasury in Taxes June 23 Omar Bradley argued Thurs day that nearly twothirds of the proposed in pay in creases for the armed services will go back to the federal treasury in income The army chief of staff spoke of the present pay which dates back to as a relic of the horse trolley and gas light He told the senate armed serv ices committee that the navy and air force must have career incentives to attract future Because one Marshall or Eisen hower is worth many lesser it is important that we concentrate on the training of as many junior Marshalls and Eisenhowers as the service can attract and he Here is the way he figured that the pay already approved by the would really cost the government only a year net The treasury would recapture directly in the form of additional income taxes on pay No attempt is made in the bill to restore the special military emption of on income he would mean more the treasury every The special military exemption expired last January The fourstar general had some tart comment on the criticism some congressmen have leveled at the bill on the ground that it gives the high and ad disproportionate Such he tends to cause a rift between the and men and were not Weil taken by the men and women im tht ;