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View Sample Pages : Salt Lake Tribune, June 15, 1949

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - June 15, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS lotennoimtahi Network SUHon KALL Mania Throifb frMiy WEATHER Mmewkat Details OB 2 62 SALT LAKE WEDNESDAY JUNE 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS Graduates March in Final Processional Thousands crowded the north end of the stadium to i by graduates as they marched in the 80th commence I ceremony of graduation days the largest group ever to witness the panorama of colorful hoods and tassels worn ment procession at University of In the final j be graduated from the university received 1581 BALANCE Graduates Hear Challenge of Era A noted scientist and educator returned to his alma mater Tuesday night and advised members of the graduating class Dont put too much faith in Speaking at the 80th annua commencement of the University of Utah in Stadium Koscoe presidentelect of Northwestern said the problems which are causing us real difficulty today are moral and ethical they are human rather than of human security and of the preservation of individual even the fundamental problem of human Honorary Degrees a native was one of three men to receive honor ary degrees of doctor of laws at the commencement The others were pub lisher of The Salt Lake Tribune and Salt Lake and retired vice president and general Utah Kennecott Copper The degrees were conferred by the board of and the pres entation was made by Ray university Miller told the 1545 gradu ates starting out to make their own way in the world that prob ably the most urgent and spec tacular of the questions we worry about has to do with atomic en Poses Urgent Questions He posed these questions Will we use it to destroy or to provide a better and richer life Will we once again resort to force to settle our differences with other or will we find meth ods that make better use of hu man intelligence There are other Miller less but equally How can we reconcile the need for controlling the complex forces of modern life with our traditional Utah Graduates Rank Highest In Birth Rate June 14 Wi of Utah colleges are more prolific than those of other the Population Ref bureau said a survey showed The bureau said that both men and women graduates of Brig ham Young university in Provo set the highest per capita birth rate for students of the grad uating class of Men out of school 25 years reported an average of children each women The national average is for men and for Men of the University of Utah were with women of Utah State Agri cultural college also were scc with children ideas of human dignity and free dom And what about the human personality Will we permit thp routines of mechanised work and mechanized entertainment to re duce us to mechanical atoms in a formless mass of humanity In other if we are not first blown to are we going to die of organized boredom Importance of Balance Although science has contrib uted immeasurably to the health and welfare of Mil ler warned that the basic prob lems now confrontinghumanity will not yield to what in recent years has been considered the fashionable cure science and more While a high degree of special ization has been made necessary See Page Column 5 2 4 Hurt In Kentucky Powder Blast June U men were known dead and at least four others injured Tuesday in an explosion in nearby The explosion apparently was caused by dynamite being used on a natural gas pipe line The dead were identified by Kentucky state police as Hughes De and Robert Hall of The brought to a hos Dital are James Dallas Dale ad dress And a man tenta tively as Boyles whose condition was reported as Building Pipe Line The pipe line is being built by he Texas Gas Transmission rom eastern Texas to who was not seriously said he was working in the ditch being dug for the pipe drilling holes for dynamite when a charge was set off down He thought that due to the dampness of the resulting shock wave also de tonated the charge he and the others were Brown was thrown clear from the Search for Dead Slate Trooper Robert who had been to the scene of the reported that everything is in a mess down A search is being continued for other dead and injured possibly in the An urgent call for blood was made at nearby Fort and the Fort Knox hospital was stand ing Ambulances were sent out from the but police at the scene sent them saying they would not be Army doctors nnd nurses were sent to the ex plosion The first reports of the blast came over the statewide radio maintained by Rural Electrification Administration Deaths Hit 24 In Assaults Of Rain June 14 from a heat storms and floods mounted Tuesday to 24 In two widely separated areas of the New England reported 12 deaths due to a heat wave with no relief in At least10 were dead in north Texas from storms and Boat Capsizes Four of the Texas dead drowned at northeast of when they were caught in a flash A Denton county youth drowned when a sudden storm capsized his A cartrain col lision in a blinding rainstorm killed three teen agers near Fort In Dallas an infant and a man died from causes attributed to rain Near two Love and men apparently drowned when a bridge hurling their car into a surging Rain Cools Area Fairly heavy rains of around an inch cooled portions of the mid west although humidity was high and Con warm and humid occasional was fore cast for the Great Lakes region and some other parts of the mid New was in the 23rd day of a with 10 real rain in sight until at least A water shortage was The state agricultural department predicted serious damage to crops unless prolonged rains arrive Blver at Flood Heavy rains in north central Missouri sent the Grand river to lood stage and brought forecasts of overflows on the Missouri from Lexington to the mouth of the The Kaw river flooded armlands near The 160 residents of moved to high ground Tues lay after a broken reservoir dyke flooded the Damage was DEADLOCK FINALLY BROKEN Vote Clears Housing Bill For Immediate Action June 14 The long deadlock on Harry S Trumans multibillion dollar housing bill was broken Tuesday at The house rules which killed similar legislation last voted 8 to 4 to clear it for immediate house The bill already has passed the A committee coalition of Repub licans and southern which has been blocking collapsed before the threat of Democratic leaders to use new antibottleneck procedures to bypass the Debate Starts Tuesday Rules Chairman Adolph Sabath announced imme diately he would call the bill up for debate next with a vote expected Friday or FBI Chief Capital Hears June 15 Washing ton TimesHerald said Wednesday in a copyrighted story that Edffar director of the Fed eral Bureau of was reported to have The TimesHerald said the re sorted resignation was submitted o Tom Ciark during a Tented showdown on departmental No comment was available early Wednesday from the FBI or the Justice the paper was believed to have resulted pri marily from disclosure of FBI files at the espionage trial of Miss Judith former Justice de aartment She is charged with taking records to help for eign The TimesHerald said the FBI was opposed to opening its The story added that it was made clear to Clark that it would be bet er to drop the case against Miss It calls for a vast program o slum low cost housing and farm housing Its cost has been estimated all the way from to over a 40year The senate passed it April 21 by a 5713 In the house the outcome is in doubt The proposal has been under at tack both from economy forces and those tabbing it GOP Action Parley Republican Leader Joseph W Martin of called a meeting of all house Republicans for Wednesday afternoon to plan GOP line of Martin has announced his opposition to si new spending programs at this Democratic leaders also laic plans for a meeting of their own party members in an effort to soften up opposition among some southern Cox a rules committee issued a state ment shortly after the committee acted We are doing that which Russia so much We are bankrupting our To Support Plan Shortly before the committee freshman congressman Franklin Roosevelt an nounced housing part of the administration program he will make a fight for in Procedure to bypasa the com mittee was adopted at the opening of the 81st congress in the rules group could shelve any bill it did not But under the new rule it cannot in definitely delay a vote if legisla ive committee chairmen want to call it up after 21 A combination of four Republi cans and three southern Demo crats previously have held the new dousing bill in committee despite he new But Tuesday seven Democrats and one Republican were reported to have favored let ing the house consider it with three and one Demo crat FOLLOWS FAMOUS FOOTSTEPS FDR Takes Congress Seat June 14 UP Roosevelt son and namesake of the only four entered the Washington political scene on his own Tuesday as a new member of It marked the beginning of a po itical career which conceivably ould retrace the steps of his fa mous father into the governors mansion at and the White The 34yearold FDR was worn in as congressman from the 20th district of New which won in a special election last He succeeds the late The actual induction ceremony vas brief and While his arnous ricnds watched from crowded young Roosevelt ad vanced to the well of the house chamber and with a firm I do became an official member of con because of his name and the political potentials the simple ceremony was surrounded with an aura of something spe The neophyte lawmakers day included press corps questions and which he swept through with ease and affability of his late curious stares by capitol employes and sight and a visit with Harry S Truman in the White House of ficewhere his father directed the nations destiny for 12 momentous Young Roosevelt spent about 15 minutes with the HP said afterward that he intended to work member of the team of which the president is captain and quarterback and that he in tended to support Trumans Fair Deal legislative Asked whether he felt at home in the office of FDR said with a familiar laugh during the entire time his father was he was in the White House only about three two days and some Most of the time he was away at While he was elected on the Liberal and Four Freedoms tickets when Tammany hall turned him down as the Democratic can Roosevelt said he considered himself a member of the Democratic majority of the He sat with house Democrats while his certificate of election was beingread and returned to that side After the oathUking cere Berlin Rail Union Votes To Continue Walkout Savant Admits Onetime Red Affiliation June 14 Frank Oppenheimer atomic scientist and brother of the famed expert who helped develo the atomic acknowledged Tuesday he was a member of the Communist party for three ant onehalf He said he also worked on atomic secrets but swore he qui the Red party before doing Oppenheimer is a brother o Robert war time head of the Los N atomic now chairman of the atomic energ commissions Always Loyal American Frank Oppenheimer testi fied that he was always a loyal He told newsmen he took part in the wartime atomic program and its peacetime after math from 1911 to During the he was em ployed at the University of Cali ornias radiation It was from this accord ing to a congressional that secrets leaked out to Russian espionage Oppenhemier said that he knew nothing of espionage and if he had had any suspicions would have reported to the Oppenheimer gave that testi mony before a closeddoor session of the house unAmerican activ ities committee Tuesday forenoon Recalls Meeting Red Later in an open hear he testified that he and Mrs Oppenheimer had met Communist Steven Nelson in social gatherings at the home of the University of He said they met several The committee said in a repori last year that Nelson was a Com munist espionage agent during World War II and got an im portant atomic formula from an otherwise unidentified Scientist X employed at the Berkeley radiation There was nothing to indicate that Oppenheimer was Scientist Oppenheimer also acknowledged a Communist meeting had seen held in his home when he Ived in Committee investigator Louis Russell told the committee that Leslie former chief of the armys Manhattan See Page Column 4 Russ Counters Wests Plan At Paris Meet June 14 Big foreign ministers met twice Tuesday in deepest secrecy In an attempt to keep their conference on Germany from and agreed to hold another secret meeting So complete was the secrecy hat the foreign not even issue the terse communique which normally follows even the most secret To Avoid Breakdown It was that Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Vishinsky offered a series of counterproposals to a threepoint lan of the western allies to avoid complete failure of the The allied plan would keep talks going on Berlin and Germany as a whole pending another Big Four probably in New York his fall during the annual assem ily of the United It was indicated that at Tues ays meetings the foreign min sters failed to break their dead ock on important questions oncerning Berlin and lit the fact that they agreed to neet again in secret likewise in icated that they had not given p hope of some sort of face aving Sight Session Held The foreign ministers met from 30 to Tuesday afternoon at he Rose Marble Talleyrand pal recessed and met again from 35 to Tuesday So eager were they to get to ethcr that they continued their ight meeting until 20 minutes fter the time they were due at he foreign the Qua dOr for a formal dinner at which rench Foreign Minister Robert chuman was At the afternoon meeting ishinsky replied to the proposals the western allies and offered if The meet ng wss recessed so western elegations could study Reprisal Fear Swings Tally As Russ Renege on Vow June 14 of Russian west Berlins rail workers voted six to one Tuesday to continue their 25dayold strike against the Sovietcontrolled The vote was to Although the compromise offer balloted upon had been advanced by United States Frank he himself praised the strikers for their very good Howley and British Bourne charged the Russians had frightened the Germans by welshing on their promise not to seek Right after the polls opened two organs of the Soviet military ad ministration reported the Russians would not guarantee a thing to Howley said on June 10 he and Soviet transport chief Gen Kvashnin had clearly and pletely accepted the including the noreprisal ment and a wage He called Russias repudiation of it a ISOdegree Howley and Bourne together accussed the Russians of trying to prolong both the strike and the paralyzing rail blockade of Berlin on purpose for political Tacgliche a news and a press both semiofficial Russian mouth reported at the last minute the Soviets refused to guarantee anything to the There was no doubt this had turned the one official Question Motives Howley and Bourne then Issued their strong statements question ing Russian The Russians said at Lake Success they would lift the Berlin blockade and they have not done Howley told a press The strike is a wonderful way out for Its another way to Howley Bournes statement matched Howleys in It now appears the Russians want to con tinue the strike for political Howley said flatly the Russians had repudiated a strikeending agreement he had made with Soviet trans port The Russians did an ISOdegree he Try and poor Kvashnlns name out of Howley asked He was sincere in want ing to settle the strike but some one on the top overruled Maybe Vishinsky The orders must have come from higher up because Kvashnin was sincere in his desire to end the I dont know if Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Vishin sky gave the orders from jut someone I think the Soviets completely repudiated the agreement and I am not surprised as they keep their word only as long as it suits their Howley Just over 25 of the workers had to vote yes to end the strike but the yes votes fell short by more than will said Heinz chairman of the west Berlin rail Harry Moses fit owners want him as wage Coal Operator Asks Single Wage Official June 14 of the worlds largest commercial coal company said Tuesday nothern coal opera tors want an industry coordinator for wage contract But he denied such a spokesman would function as a czar em powered to bring about industry stabilization for fixed George president of Pittsburgh Consolidation Coal said the operators choice for the job is Harry Moses is president of Frick Coke Steel Corporations coal pro ducing Strategy Loves statement came as John United Mine Workers indicated his bargaining strategy would be to divide the ndustry into separate segments in search for the best possible con tract for the U M W mem Lewis strategy emerged in the second day of a weeklong stabilizingperiod of inaction he ordered for the nations soft and iard coal The UMW chief asked wage talks with western both soft coal and anthracite hard coal Previously le undertook contract bargaining with southern soft coal opera ors and operators of the Steel captive mines bi uminous pits wholly owned by steel Accepted Invitation Love also disclosed that the coal operators of western Pennsyl Ohio and northern West have accepted Lewis in Mtation to enter contract negotia Negotiations with the southern iperators are now on at Wage talks with Steel Tuesday recessed until une Love denied that the spokesman lan had resulted from secret icgotiations or secret plans with Lewis or anybody French Union Sets Warning Strike June 14 A million rovernment workers throughout France will stage a oneday strike Wednesday but ho one expected it to cause any great No mail willbe The radio will be Many schools will be There will be no weather fore casts and commercial airliners will have to rto without weather On the other the subway and buses in Paris will operate Vavy Plane Wreckage Found On Coast With Seven Dead SANTA June 11 Anavy with all even men aboard was lo ated Tuesday as fog lifted from tie shrouded Santa Monica moun where it crashed Monday The fog prevented an aerial carch during much of ut an air force plane finally potted the still smoking wreck go in Stone just below Wulholland in the hills back f All seven dead were members of he naval reserve from the naval ir station at hey were on the west coast on training and crashed as hey attempted to land in the fog Monday night after a flight from Moffstt San Rescue reaching the scene ate called for bulldozers nd 600 rope to help bring out the bodies from the rugged The an RID navy version of the apparently had piled up as the pilot banked for a turn after failing to land on one pass at Clover Santm The navy listed these aboard the plane when It left Memphis Marshall engineering and main tenance manager for Chicago and Southern Air Lines Robert New first offi cer for and WsJter Litte employed by engineers Garner Strickland a roofing company who was pilot ing the plane Aviation 3rd Thomas C and mechanic 1st snd instrument and Warren and iiupMtall ;