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View Sample Pages : Salt Lake Tribune, June 09, 1949

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - June 9, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS Intelmountain Network Station KALL Mondtj Through Friday WEATHER Clear to partly cloudy day continued Detalli OB Page 29 56 SALT LAKE THURSDAY JUNE 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS Lewis Calls Coal Mine Shutdown Orders Miners Off Job For Week Beginning Monday June 8 Lewis Wednesday ordered the nations coal mines shut down for a starting The order to hard and soft coal miners was frankly aimed at reducing the massive stocks of already mined a 42 days This would tend to help Lewis wrest greater concessions from the operators in a new contract to re place the one expiring three weeks Menacing1 Instability The magnificent production ef forts of the mine workers during the current year have created menacing instabilityin themining his proclamation to the United Mine Workers Results are apparent in more WHAT THIS TIME Strike Brings Calm Query From Owner June 8 Whats he call it this time This calm question from a coal operator indicated that John Lewis latest order halting coal Princess Margaret Rose Hopes for considerate than adequate tonnage for the doi PURELY PRIVATE mestic and export market lar and broken working time Acheson Tells RusstoFill Berlin Pledge Demands Economic Blockades End As Impasse Holds Secret FBI Report Links Film Communists production came as no some hundredseof The operator source who desands of men whie other dined to be identified said in work steadily economic inequities vious good humor Big John is never at a loss for words or the ability to call a work stoppage anything but a is he Lewis called the walkout be ginning Monday a stabilizing period of A previous twoweek shutdown last March was described by Lewis as a me morial period for dead and injured That stoppage also was in protest against confirmation of James Boyd as director of the Bureau of Rarely has the word strike entered Lewis Operators are inclined to be philosophical about another shut down of the coal pits because of simple There is a huge backlog of coal above Few commercial pits in this wealthy bituminous soft coal area have been working a full fiveday An unusually mild winter helped build mountains of coal at mines and retail The latest walkout will hit the steel company owned mines Miners in these pit have worked six Coal produced in these mines is used entirely in The walkout will be the indus trys 20th major shutdown in the past 30 It was estimated that about anthracite eneral mjne workers and a condition of instability throughout the whole continuation of this folly will eventuate in irrep arable damage to our basic indus try and the national Stabilizing Period He said the shutdown would be j ing Princess Margaret Rose plans a stabilizing period of to visit thfi United states The walkout order i came just as Lewis was startingeral weeks tms fal1 crucial negotiations for a new con1 Its to be a private but she Royal British Miss Sets Trip to June 8 June 8 of State Dean Acheson demanded Wednesday night that Russia carry out her broken promise to end the economic blockade of Ber Acheson at a meeting of the Big Four foreign that the French and Russian commandants in Berlin be ordered to reach agree ment by next Monday on plans to end the blockade Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Vishinsky consented to discuss Achesons demand and it was agreed to hold a full dress debate on the Deadlock Remains The Big Four remained com pletely deadlocked on all German questions including unified control of Delegates generally believed that agreement on any important prob lem was hopeless and that the con ference must end in For twoandonehalf the western foreign ministers listened to a lawcourt rejection by j isotopes abroad Vishinsky of an American pro posal for unified control of Ber The Russian delegate stubborn ly insisted that Russia must have the veto power over all acts of a Bargaining sessions with southern owners so far have siz earlier Wednes announced arrangements for will play a goodwill Sources close to Buckingham Palace said Wednesday the prin younger daughter of King starting separate contract talks j George VI and Queen with the key Steel at Philadelphia next Lewis wants a shorter work week and increased at present 20c on every ton of coal June that her parents ar for his year union welfare The op erators have indicated they want welfare fund benefits as well as elimination of contract provisos which allow Lewis to call walkouts such as Wednesdays al most at These contract terms sav Lewis will go to Washington and New York and probably will travel outside those It was 10 years ago rived in on a brief tour of the United States and Can Guests of President They were guests of and Franklin Later they visited New York City and the worlds can call memorial walkouts and I Princess who will be his miners must work only when able and At the end of the im plying that he had given up all hope of Acheson brought up the blockade question for the first time since the Big Four meeting began May Russian Promise It was only because Russia Equal Division Lewis 19 is trying to see for herself what makes the world When Vishinsky agreed to de promised to end the blockade of Berlin that the western powers agreed to hold the present confer ence on German Acheson told Vishinsky that the blockade had not completely as and that dis cussions by delegates of the four occupying powers in Berlin were He then made his proposal that the Big Four order their Berlin commandants to work out within five days plans to end the block She returned only last week end from a months trip to hard coall and bituminous miners j part of will remain idle at Lewis Mine Contract Halt Seen By Operators June 8 coal producers Wednesday night threatened to halt new contract negotiations with the United Mine Workers during the oneweek work stop page ordered by John U M W to start next is is expected to as Switzerland and f nis new some i Tne visit to the Unit d of a tnatcontinental tou method of stabilizing so that whatever work there is will be divided more equally among the The weeks stoppage means that there will be no substantial coal production for some The if they obey Lewis and return to work June 20 as he di will then have only a few days left to work before starting their annual June vacation period The vacation ends July 5 but under the unions traditional no no work they could stay home unless a new con tract is negotiated by The present contract expires June Miners in West They predicted similar action Affected Walkonr may be taken by the Steel with which Lewis is sched June 8 United United that continental is billed i as purely There had i been rumors for weeks that the princess was trying to persuade her father to consent to the There is no question of Prin father whether she may go to the United a palace informant I The king has never opposed her trip Probably Visit Ambassador Although the dates and travel details were not one source said she probably will visit bate the question Thursday it was one of the few times agreed to anything since this conference started May Henry de Wolf member of atomic energy testifies before joint congrei tional com mittee to support A E C Chairman David Lillentlials opinion on delivery of radioactive that It was NONAIVE DOPES AChief Scoffs at Charge On Isotope Shipments June 8 UP David Lilienthal Wednesday charged Bourke Hickcn looper with smearing by innuen do and scoffed at his charge that said he was satisfied with the ex After Lilienthal testified on the Norwegian isotope the committee called Henry Smyth and Lewis both Berlin Strikers cess Margaret persuading RlJSS J f Invasion radioactive isotopes were sent to i members of the atomic commis to amplify on his a new member of the agreed that isotopes are not atomic energy and said while they release some energy in small it is not See Page Column 2 Once regarded as the playgirl of the palace because of her gaiety and love for the princess now is looked upon as Britains ambassador of good She has made a series of tours within studying hospitals and June 9 hundred western Ber lin railroad strikers invaded the Russian controlled railroad head quarters building at midnight Wednesday after disarming Soviet controlled German The strikers defied raging Rus sian officers who ordered them Only when western sector Berlin police arrived at the build ing did the strikers start to a neighbor of for military In the first the chairman of the atomic energy commission told the Iowa isotopes are not atomic and thus do jiot expose secrets of the atomic he the men who approved the ship ment are not naive dopes or inj noccnts and are not impressed I by Hickenloopers charge that atomic secrets are being handed j about Lilienthal Blasts Back Called once again before the I joint congressional atomic energy committee to answer Hickenloop ers charges of incredible mis management of the atomic pro Lilienthal blasted point by as the senator sought to show that his adrninis j tration had been Lilienthal demanded a full and public hearing for a commission identified only as case loyalty clearance had been questioned by Hiss Prepares Own Reply To Indictment NEW June 8 Alger Hiss will take the witness stand in his own defense against a twocount federal perjury in it was learned Wednes day as his trial moved into its Names of Robinson Enter Coplon Spy Case June 8 movie stars Predric Edward Robinson and other major figures in the west coast film colony were named in a secret FBI report Wednesday as alleged members of the Communist The report said a confidential informant had told that March was a C P member in 1947 and was active in the Communist infiltration of the motion picture in Bryn said by telephone to New York that the report was the most absurd thing Ive ever heard said his remark goes for me and my He declined further The informant also named as party members such noted writers and directors as Dorothy Donald Ogden Ruth Alfred Alvah Dalton Millen Brand and Michael Blank Dorothy reached at her Hollywood said This makes me very Im glad to be an American and always have I regret to say I know no Rus but I wish I Maybe it would help understanding if we all knew some Dorothy Parker Denial I have no desire to sell any because I dont know Overthrow our government Miss Parker I want to overthrow prejudice and Trumbo and Bessie are screen writers among to socalled unfriendly 10 cited for con tempt of the house unAmerican activities committee for refusing to answer questions on their po Red Disciples In Schools Termed Unfit June 8 Communist teachers should barred from American schools be cause they have surrendered right to think for a group of topranking said But they also said no restric tions must be placed on objective study the principles and prac tices of totalitarianism as a part of a free educational Twenty leading in cluding Dwight Eisen hower of Columbia and James Harvard forth their conclusions in a report on American education and inter national The commission was appointed litical They are now by the National Education suing for reinstatement to studio the American Association of jobs which they contend they were The Labor government is known i return cursing and muttering threats to I Lilienthal cited this as an example Shouted at Rnss seventh day with Whittaker Chambers holdingthe spotlight as his chief Lloyd Pauf trial counsel for the former state department tiled to open contract talks in Workers district officials to favor a triP bv some member of I adelphia j estimated Wednesday nipfit roal family to the United IP Such a demand would be in line about coal miner in f he where British prestige has through the big with the industrys tradition of mountain states will be af i diPPecl somewhat lately because bnck after arming themj refusing to discuss a new agreej fectod by the layoff ordered Britains economic iselvcs with the guns of the 10 i if fnnetrinre hn r r n man criiavHc off I of Hickenloopers innuendo and j has refused to announce his client would take the program bv breaking down mo rale While speculation on Hiss as a ment when it considers the existJohn Lewis ing1 one broken bv a Huston Viit The operatorsthreat came after ofthet Lewis ordered his soft and nat m hard coal miners to take oneiand utah by I president of said in the Green Stickers denied as a result of the Through their Robert Kenny at Los they issued this statement Political Censorship We knew that political censor ship of the screen was the objec tive of certain congressmen like Rankin and We are fighting that battle in the courts until we did not know that the Department of Justice was engaged in any such unconstitu tional One informantof the FBI said March and Canada Negro stage were outstanding Com munist party fellow along with Daniel presi dent ot Boston university Clyde a professor in the teach ers college at Columbia univer and Norman Corwin of the Columbia Broadcasting No Indication There was no indication who the informants how reliable they or how much credence the FBI placed in the information they The FBI document was read over vigorous government at the espionage trial of Judith former Jus tice department Miss Coplon is accused of filch ing government secrets with in tent to aid a foreign Rus Citing its source as confiden Concerned Over Press witness the defense at tiai informant the re H March and his act C IIHT m arier ner nearly even une ot me smKers nammerea marie plain that he intended to n is A source close to the royal fam at the door with the butt of a pis use the stoppage to strengthen his District 22 employes rh Tr win uc nn MUJI i um ujtucia i up i UIIIKI m LIIK j Workc trie by the newspapers in to the building in an automobile i universitys special construction from the nearby Russian sector demonstrated with maps bargaining Earlier the United Mine rejected new contract sals hy the southern producers as medieval and a The union made nn counter rrffer and negotiations were recessed un til The Southern Coal Producers took no official action on the Lewis walkout order because Joseph and other officers were en route to for series of weekend A break in the southern nepoi j tiations and another delay in the coal action start of Lewis talks with U S the Lmled Mine moves Steel would make a nationwide Workers has called his dig One of Princess Margarets con in they believed Rus cago to answer charges by coulfl not disclose his trial strategy Florence Eldndge had cerns is her press sian officials were hiding behind William Knowland in He said Wednesday in Communisttront During her tour of newsi the locked and shouted green stickers issued that defense counsel made a contact8 proKUssian and photographers swarmed Come out j to 1A persons so they could drive decision onthe point but that he j 13Page Report Among other names cited in the 15page typewritten Sylvia t r Jiltll OIHJ JJIIULUg I rt JJlltfl i SWailNeU I LU JVl JJCISUIIS SU UMV JUUiU 41 I V e Ill fluull UUL most the after her nearly every One of the strikers hammered I their automobiles into the Argonne was not at iibertv to make it pub j ily said the palace ofitoi taken from a i tjic 111 tvi n UMI a includes about 2200 that there will be no such1 Four Russian officers raced national atomic laboratory at cago without security chief engineer of the j HJSS g Rnady Lewis Walkout Edict Dejects Bloc Backing TH Repeal June 8 Senators demanding repeal of the TaftHartley law expressed dis couragement Wednesday night as a result of John Lewis walkout or all of regarded the Lewis move as strengthening their One of Allen El lender said the Lewis probably will kill all to amend the TH nearby Russian sector demonstrated with maps would insist on his day in at and angrily gesti and said the automobiles only had iHe ls prepared not only to deny culated to the strikers to get access to a parking lot in a charge that he and his Later it was aelrned that Hiss i Paul Melvyn Doug School On the commission dealt in blunt terms with a subject which has been increasingly dis turbing to educators in recent Communist membership in volves adherence to doctrines and discipline completely inconsistent with the principles of freedom on which American education It is because members of the Communist party are required to surrender the right to think for as a consequence of becoming part of a characterized by conspiracy and calculated that they should be excluded from employment as Coincident with the commis sions the unAmerican ac tivities committee of the house of representatives disclosed it was checking up on school textbooks for Red Chairman John Wood said letters been sent to some 71 educational institutions picked at random for lists of book currently in Tornado Kills Midwest Trio June 8 tornado swept through the Main street here Wednesday killing at least three persons in a crowded A fire followed the Five people in the twostory cafe building were They were taken to a Rescue who believed they had found all of the dead and injured in the debris of the main street business were forced to halt work by a report of a fire n the north end of a telephone wire John Garfield and John was the first person to talk a rd Lawson were reported to have from the town after the black Struck Photographer One of the Russians struck American Acme photographer Al pulled his hair and pointed a pistol at him while he shouted in Frank American troop said he was sqnding his public safety officers to the building to take Congress Okehs Mine Assess Suspension Bid June S struction area where no atomic were Communist I crets were Knowland Parlv but also that he i ever gave state department docu i mcnts to the former Communist spy ring His testimony is expected to cover the entire field of testimony and exhibits in the trial before Federal Judge Samuel Kaufman and the jury of two women and 10 his graying wife who has been his constant courtroom companion since the The railroad building is in the j Thc and Wcdnes gers out of the pits for a week starting next Monday reached the senate in the midstof labor law A strike now wont help June S Reaction of Elbert Thomas more likely than ever after the miners present contracts ex pire June Trihunr Specin Carbon county coal miners to John Lewis order for a walk out indicated full compliance by bill to repeal the TaftHartley union members and a halt to min law and replace it with a modified commended Thomas is the sponsor of the administrations n i rru opened on May also will Even if it does not have that American The day approved a conference com a it was been singled out for praise in a German language publication of the Moscowdominated One section of the report read as follows vOn April confidential informant ND 402 advised that See Page Column 1 twister spun through the main street about 7 He said that it had not been learned which of the dead and in jured were in the cafe eating din ner and which had lived in apart ments on the second floor of the NOW PREVENTABLE he it absoltudy as sures retention of the TaftHartley provision for injunctions against national emergency The administration bill has no injunc tion Robert Taft who wants to keep the injunction and the other basic provisions of the TH was asked whether he who control Berlin railroads by I fourpower occupy the Gave Up Guns When the unarmed strikers stormed the the German guards protested but did not They gave up their guns without a ing operations in the area next version of the old Wagner thinks the Lewis move enhanced j The strikers moved quickly John Sparkman chances for retaining the court through the halls of the The traditional loyally of the who is for the administra order He replied with a which has about 200 look miners to John Lewis was relion measure with a few amendgrin infi fnr Russianofficials who re flected hy general indorsement of remarked I think fuse to recognize their union or to Ihe strike rail among the There is no question but that Taft added it emphasizes the negotiate their hat report under which as sessment work would sus pended for one The house supported a three months It yielded to the senates oneyear proposal after Senator Joseph Ma honey promised he will seek early action by the president so that if the legisla tion is congress may enact a new bill to meet his Present law requires Spy Denial Seen In his Hiss is ex pected to dispute the Chambers charges on documentpassing and to deny that he ever engaged in activities with either or Boris espionage Chambers according to the house com mittee on unAmerican is a member of a Soviet spy The 60 in and four handwritten have been identified by Chambers No Excuses for Fatal AMA Conference Hears ATLANTIC June 8 American Medical was told Wednesday that fatal smogs can now be Studies which ble came from where 20 persons died last October in a big The studies re ported Wednesday at an air pollu tion The persons who died suffered from heart and asthmatic troubles fell was unfortunate tim a strike at this time will lend an necessity for making unions liable be paid in marks issued by the deadline isJune worth of development work nn a as slate department documents he I and their deaths mining claim each The received from Hiss while the latter smoke and smog mp fnr this section smee yaea incentive to harsher legislation on their it also cmpha wtstern linns were in start nn June than otherwise might be forth sizes the power that exists in The western marks are hut the usual theme if John j unions and the fart that they four times as much as the we dont we dont On the other those who i ought In be subject to some kind issued marks in which railroad men work want most of the TaftHartley j of are now j was assistant to the sec1 smog aggravated these The which nnw goes to rotary of state in 3037 and I No specific poison has been testifying for his except as All factory i fifth consecutive insisted j smokes are bad if inhaled in too Wednesday that Hiss atone had dense Donorag victims Iwere examples of what can hap the White provides that miners who already have done their work for this year will re ceive credit on next years j given him the pen in extreme such might happen Mellon Pittsburgh said Donora study Is not completed he I doubt before that event any hygiene after surveying would have predicted the possibility of the catastrophe that There be little excuse for ignorance in the For we shall understand better how to interpret the environmental factors which can get together to do Hemeon said Los Angelei nig a smog of industrial fumes which reduces visibility and to ;