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View Sample Pages : Salt Lake Tribune, July 30, 1949

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - July 30, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS latermouBtain Network Station HALL Throoth WEATHER Clear mrmer Detalli 107 SALT LAKE SATURDAY JULY 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS Bradley Warns Of Russ Intent Soviets Covet Exhausted Says Chief in Urging Arms Aid Picture on Page 2 July 29 Omar Bradley warned tongross Friday that Russia is bent upon absorbing the exhausted victors of the last and he outlined the broad defense strategy behind the European arms The army chief of staff said that the program is based on the assumption that the United which is able to deliver the atom would handle strategic while the Euro pean partners would be ready with round Testifying before the house for eign affairs Bradley endorsed the administrations plan to spend on arms Aid for nonCommunist And he pictured the need with these words Specter Stirs Urgency In the place of the vanquished foe has arisen this new bent upon absorbing the exhausted EYE JOINT STAFF Arms Chiefs Leave For Europe July 29 The United States high command The specter of another wouldleft by plane at 448 p m EST be master attempting to enslave our presently allied peoples has given a sense of urgency to uur Bradley did not name The witness listed five broad recommendations of the joint chiefs of staff of the armed serv ices for the arms He said the following factors were assumed in event of attack the United States will be charged with the strategic bomb We have repeatedly recog nized in this country that the first priority of the joint defense is our ability to deliver the atomic Vital Naval Operations the navy and the western union Netherlands and Luxem bourg naval powers will conduct essential naval includ ing keeping the sea lanes Western union and other nations will maintain their own harbor and coastal we recognize that the hard core of the ground power in being will come from aided by other nations as they can France and the closer countries will have the bulk of the shortrange attack bombardment and air of course will maintain the tactical air force for our own ground and naval forces and other depending upon their proximity or remote ness from the possible scene of will emphasize appropriate specific Basis of Planning Bradley said the basic principle In the armed services planning was that the man in the best position and with the capability should do the job for which he is best j of Defense Louis John son told the committee that noj body knows the ultimate cost of I helping other nations arm against Russian he figures it l will take four or five Friday for Europe to talk about setting up an Atlantic pact mili tary The three chiefs of Omar Louis Den feld and Air Hoyt Vanden left at once after Bradley had outlined the urgency of the European arms aid program be fore the house foreign affairs com Inspect Forces While discussing a combined staff for the North Atlantic al the chiefs also will inspect the United States forces in Europe and conditions there in The chiefs are due at Frank at midafternoon They are accompanied by Alfred of the joint staff which s the working agency ofthe joint chiefs At Frankfurt they will confer first with John the newly named governor of the American London on Wednesday John former bootblack with key to White talks with reporters Friday as he emerges from a closed door session with sen ators investigating allegations of use ot influence in awarding of government Earlier testimony by Maragon was rated hot Senate Brings FIVE PERCENTER1PROBE ECA Bill Back to Floor July 29 UP sneate appropriations com They will to London on mittee sent its oncerebuffed Wednesday for talks there with the British chiefs of There will be further talks in London on Thursday with any representatives of the pact nations who are Arriving in Paris on Friday foreign aid bill back to the senate floor Friday night after redrafting provisions for j ExBootblack Demands Pearsons Testimony Chinese Mob Invades Consuls Office July 29 05 i a closeddoor session of the sen Dapper John an ex bootblack who once had a White House pass and auto parking demanded Friday that columnist Drew Pearson be called funds o aid Spbain and t7purto testify in the senate investiga tifiim chase surplus farm Moving to wipe out parliament morning they will meet with the ary the committee re French chiefs of staff and in the i drafted the two highly controver afternoon confer with the overall amendments in an effort to commander of the western union j allow action on them by a major military Marshal Bernard I ity vote of the senate instead of a Montgomery of Great Further talks with pact nations will continue in Paris on The joint chiefs will go to Vienna stiffer requirement for a two thirds The storm center of a I tion of five I should be delighted to testi Pearson replied in a state Maragon said Pearson accused him in a July 20 column of being not only a five percenter but a 50 ClosedDoor Session bitter controversy for the past 48 i The Maltaborn jack of many on leaving for the carries of trades he wont say what he United States on 8 or Italy Mansfield wanted an overall estimate and the length of time John son said no man can He gave as a personal opinion that youre into a program that may run four or five Asians Would Get Cut The Philippines and Korea are slated to share in the first year arms together July 29 parliament completed ratification of the North Atlantic defense pact Friday with a plea for American aid in rebuilding her Final legislative approval was European recovery funds for the j is now emerged beaming from last quarter of fiscal 1949 and for j the current fiscal year that began July Redrafted as limitations on rather than as new leg were these two major provisions and one other which Wednesday forced the bill back to commitee for reconsideration A requirement that ECA boss Paul Hoffman devote of his funds for assistance Steel Income I Too i CIO Aid to the Franco government of An order that about given after an allnight debate by 000000 in E c A funds used nnimnil nr rho oTiiiVilirt flm the council of the the French parliamentary upper The vote was 284 to 20 with only Communists and their sympathiz ers opposing The national the lower for the purchase and shipment abroad of surplus American farm A provision aimed at depriv ing French Morocco of local cur rencies paid for ECA dollar aid T ijtLiu iui Jij uuimi HJU Iran and approved the 395 to because of charges that French t i r ij other nations outside western where most funds will be I 1 NEW July 29 CIO steehvorkers spokesman charged Friday that the steel in dustry is rolling up phenomenal profits at the expense of employes and Robert former New Deal told Harry S Trumans factfinding board that the industrys policies are July 30 Members of the committee Italian senate tinued to press the question of proved a bill Saturday for ratifi how much cooperation among the recipient nations could be ex Johnson said mutuality is fundamental in the whole pro gram administrators are discriminating I hurting the national against American businessmen in Committee Chairman Kenneth McKellar told report cation of the North Atlantic pact ers senate parliamentarians have by a show of hands The senate agreed to forego the formal secret ballot because of the lateness of the Chester Merrow Friday their indorsement to the his toric measure merely by holding up their wanted to know why arms Aid for was not included in the Johnson said the pro gram cant be spread further with the funds He said he under stands China policy is under iis The State department is nt work on the Far Eastern j i Johnson opened his testimony with the assurance that sending arms does not mean sending American There will be agreed that the new measure will bypass arguments that the bill carries new legislation and must be approved by a twothirds McKellar voiced confi dence that the senate now can vote the amendments up or down on a majority DESTINATION SHANGRILA similar as did Red Cross Seeks Polio Nurse Aid July 29 INS The Amercan Red Cross Friday Cooling Dip in High Retreat Lures Truman From Heat July 29 porters complimented him on his Harry S esi observance of traffic I A nn U caping from Washingtons torrid drove Friday to 70mile the maximum speed In the presidential retieat near I The president was recognized by and five minutes later was cool only a few people during the two ing off in an icy mountain hour His own Truman Just outside of the a ma Nathan said steel profits are the highest in history and that the industry can well afford to grant the 30c an hour increase the union is asking in a wage pensionsocial Insurance pack FourthRound Hike This demand includes a fourth round wage increase of per The threemember board is hear ing evidence in a dispute that led to a strike threat by the union members earlier this It will make recommendations to the president after hearing from both Chairman Carroll Daugherty announced that the hearing will recess for a week after the union completes its in the middle of next Each side has eight days in which to present its case but the union has decided to save part of its time for ates special investigation sub committee headed by Clyde Hoey The senate group is lookinginto allegations that persons claiming to have influence with govern ment officials have been telling businessmen they could get fat government contracts in return for a percentage who used to ply his shoeshine trade in Kansas City and met Harry S Truman talked to newsmen after being questioned for Uie second time in less than hours by sen ate Asks Fear son Quiz With a big he said I am I am not mad at We just talked about my personal I am happy to i be When you have been ac cused of being a five percenter or a 50 you want to straighten it He said he had asked the sen ators to hale Pearson before the subcommittee demanded that the columnist be required to fur nish specific evidence of his charges against What did they John a reporter said is for them to A girl reporter then asked West Sets End Of Historic Berlin Airlift July 29 Berlin biggest western weapon of the cold will start going into cold storage American and British officials announced Friday the greatest air freight operation in history will be reduced gradually until it is cul out entirely For nearly a June until the Russians lifted the Berlin blockade May thundering stream of planes was thonly means of keeping 000 west Berliners supplied with fuel and raw The airlift surprised the Russians and heartened the Supplies Stockpiled The decision to retire the air cargo operation was taken because adequate supplies have been stock piled since the Russians have per mitted highway and water traffic to be resumed from the western But the western allies made it clear they will be prepared to re start the airlift on short notice if the Russians adopt new block ade actics against the fourpower 100 inside the Soviet The gradual reduction in opera which starts will permit some of the airlift fliers head back to the United States in Cutback Program The cutback program calls for a daily schedule of 3700 tons for 2100 for September and 1000 for This will be a breeze for Ameri can and British pilots who have averaged 8000 tons of supplies daily since the airlift got into full The peak was reached last Easter week end when the trans port planes flew nearly tons into John air forces commander in praised the airlift fliers and then gave them the redeployment Cannon is a native of Salt Lake The airlift expensive in lives and Seventy airmen Americans and 39 were In addition seven German civilians were killed in i plane Confines Shanghai Staff Reds Ignore Protests July 29 mob of about 100 Chinese invaded the consul generals office in Shanghai Friday and refused to permit American staff members to the itate department A dispatch from the consul in Shanghai said the dis turbance was started by about 20 Chinese and other local non Americans who formerly were employed by the and have been engaged in a pay dis pute with naval The group occupied the lobby of the consulate at Shan Million Held Monthly Litf Cost Operation July 29 official figures were not avail it was estimated Friday that operation of the airlift to Berlin has been costing the United or more a Airlift officials listed these statistics Total gross short tons car ried by British and American planes in Aircraft assigned to the air lift 211 Tons of coal and other sup plies carried Coal what did the committee want to know Deftly Paries Queries Maragon that s something the committee will lave to tell Asked if he had given the com mittee any clues about five per centers operating in the nations Maragon heplied How could I give them any clues when I am not in a posi to ascertain any The 56yearold mysterm a native of the British isle of Malta in the radiated good cheer but deftly See Page Column 4 Vice Crusader Slain Police Hold Suspect July 29 Bill a crusad ing radio was slain and a murder charge was filed against a deputy sheriff who had been the object of his attacks on the Charged was Sam a Jim Wells county deputy in newscasts over radio station KBKI this had accused Smithwick of owning Rancho a gay taxi dance hall outside this Texas city of Surrenders Police Smithwick surrendered to a city patrolman shortly after Mason was hit by one fired into his body as he sat in his parked automobile at the edge of Masons said his father had been feuding with the sheriffs department for some and that recently some of the sheriffs men caught him downtown and took his pants The colorful turned radio had bel lowed defiance at his opponents r the air only Bert To Organize Case drove an open gray convertible i rinc private tried to thumb through the Maryland countryside j His face broke into an in issued an emergency call for quail1 and up the winding mountain lead1 credulous smile when he saw professional nurses willing to j ing to the rustic lodge on Catoctin Truman behind the A youth changing a and four Negro lads sitting at a small town were the only gsnization s hard pressed to j bers of the White House staff I He waved to them answer requests for emergencyand Truman At Truman dis serve in infantile paralysis epi1 where Franklin demies in several parts of the I Roosevelt often relaxed during Hie war Red Cross officals said the or With secret servicemen duty nurses to fill needs In polio plagued communities where ill available nurses are in Volunteers wrre asked to report through local Red Cross to spend the week end petting a i appeared inside the lodge for a Daugherty said the weeks re cess had been requested by steel any representatives who an opportunity to organize case so that they might not need all of the eight days allotted pointing frequently to an array of charts and said the annual earning rate of 19 leadingsteel companies was about after for the first quarter of this Even operating at 80 lot of He will return to I came back wearing an un1 Nathan the steel industry Washington i dershirt and blue seersucker The president seemed pleased i nnd headed for the swim at the end of the ming could pay an additional lOc per hour and still maintain its 1948 profit Fails to Cool Hot Expectations July 30 Saturday didnt rain a drop in this little coun try village Friday and the long standing tradition that it always rains here July 29 was broken for the sixth time in 73 The townspeople confident till the last minute that at least a sprinkling of rain would carry through the tradition waited until midnight at courthouse rainprophet John Daily mounted the courthouse steps and announced that by some strange quirk his predic tion of rain had gone The funmaking the townspeople n d niitoftown visitors started for tired but full of new to make it rain next July phone callers had threatened his fathers and the elder Mason 1 went to a microphone and threw j down the challenge Call Me Vp j My telephone number is If you want to threaten just cail me Mason got into his automobile Friday and started to drive towards San a town 10 miles with Avclino Saenz said as they passed the Alice Pipe and Supply near the city limits Deputy Smith wick waved them to a Are you Bill Mason Saenz quoted I he said Mason re Why you he said the deputy answered and pulled his pistol and fired one The bullet pierced Masons body and lodged in the cur The newsman staggered across See Page Column Atom Unit Quits Knotty Control Issue LAKE July 29 The United Nations atomic energy commission gave up Friday a threeyear struggle to agree on In ternational atomic It put the deadlock squarely up to the big five powers and who are beginning top secret talks The commission voted 9 to 2 to stop work until the six countries can find some basis for But the delegates themselves say there is at present no sign of a break in the eastwest The Soviet Union and the Soviet Ukraine voted against the ma Their delegates demanded to know why the majority wanted to kill the stop its lock the door and throw away the Chinese scientist and commission chairman for responded Time is running The atomic armaments race is It is the duty of this commission to tell the world that the work cannot be done Soon after Weis the commission approved a reso lution put before it July 20 by Frederick United States deputy on the The key section of the approved by a 9 to 2 said The atonic energy commission concludes that the impasse as analyzed in the third report of the atomic energy commission made last year to the assembly in still exists that these differences are irreconcilable at the commission level and that fur ther discussion in the atomic energy commission would tend to harden these differences and would serve no practicable or useful pur pose until such time as the spon soring powers have reported that there exists a basis for agree hai and seized the gates to prevent them from being They summoned and by midafternoon about 100 were inside the building and more Ignore Protect A State department spokesman said Communist authorities paid no attention to official protests and that Communist police re fused to The last the department heard the mob still was in the Officials also revealed that Com munist authorities are holding a party of diplomats in China because the Americans balked at demands they sign shop guaran tees before leaving for The guarantees are an old Chinese custom not usually in voked against Under people leaving a city have someone remaining behind guar antee that any unpaid bills will be made and that those leav ing will return if later accused of a Mob Locked The consulate mob locked the gates at Shanghai preventing any of the consulate staff from entering or leaving Some 13 male staff mem bers and 35 Chinese employes were locked The department spokesman said the former naval employes had demanded pay focihe period since their services were terminated upon the withdrawal of the navy from They also wanted separation pay and other The spokesman said the consul who has been acting as an agent for the navy in the dis has been ready for some time to make a fair which is known to be acceptable to more than half the Refuse Settlements He said the Communist alien af fairs bureau has asked the con sulate not to carry out the settle Officials here regarded the fail ure of the Communist police to intervene and Communist insist ence on the shop guarantees as further moves in a general cam paign to cause American diplo mats to lose face with the Chinese The Communists at first insisted guarantees must be signed by Ambassador Leighton Stuart and all other embassy per sonnel in Redcaptured After a long they waived the requirement for Hold Consul General But officials here said the Com munists still are holding Con sul General John Wil liam vice consul in other American officials and the pilot of the embassy Stuart is remaining on his own initiative to thresh out the It is understood the dip lomats are not being held under house They can travel about Communistheld parts of outside if they get special But they cannot leave Heat Death Toll Soars to 74 Big Piney Shivering at 34 A midsummer heat wave the last two The third sub steamed the eastern seaboard in record temperatures and humidity pushingits death toll to In the a chill nighttime 34 sent the citizens of Big scurrying for Cool air from Canada brought relief to the The area counted 37 deaths at least partly due to heat during the current hot Deputy Coroner Matthew Roth said it was the highest total for any heat wave there in 10 sizzled at 100 de a record for the date and the fourth time this year the ther mometer has gone into three fig The mercury reached de grees in New York topping all earlier marks this summer and setting a new record for July 29 of any Thousands of offices in the city closed early because of the which has killed four in way breakdown in a week further plagued New The board of transportation said it was ap parently due to high tempera In it was 95 Friday Crowds have been sleeping in the capitals parks dur ing the 13day heat which cost Washington 11 In the heat made a 21 yearold dizzy enough to turn in a false fire alarm and then jump into an not a stitch above her Per spiring policemen insisted that don a A water which broke la Boston during the scorcher left 24 com munities to face 95 degrees of Friday with restrictions on their water Other neat deaths Included 4 2 Rhode 1 3 3 2 i and New York in addition to the 4 in the metropolitan ;