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View Sample Pages : Salt Lake Tribune, July 27, 1949

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - July 27, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS IntermoiutalB Network Station BALL Monday Threncb ukr WEATHER Clear Wednesday little torn perature Details OB 104 SALT LAKE WEDNESDAY JULY 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS Reds Demand Canton Fall By 15 Communist Offensive Advances Despite Floods in Rice Bowl July 26 Chinese Communist high com mand has ordered its armies to capture the Nationalist pro visional capital of Canton be fore it was reported au thoritatively A general Red offensive China is rolling forward despite floods which are ham pering the Red forces are driving through the rich rice bowl province of Through it runs the main line railway from Redheld Hankow to Nationalist garrison headquar ters in Canton meanwhile pro claimed martial law in the refugee effective The with a strict midnightto5 as the government military situa tion in Hunan admittedly was de Hunan Hub Lost Hunan still was in the Nationalists Associated Press correspondent Spencer Moosa reported from Can but strategically it already was 25 miles south of the CantonHankow rail was reported in Communist The Reds were expected to launch an assault on the big rail junction city of only 265 miles north of Moosa Communist leaders are delaying organization of a new national government pending occupation of A political consultative conference is scheduled to be called into plenary session shortly after the provisional capital RedLed Coalition This conference will set up a Communist sponsored coalition Its composition and structure is being worked out in Feiping by a preparatory commit The conference is expected to do little more than quickly ap prove the committees The Communists hope to or ganize their national government within 60 days after the confer This will make possible for the first time diplomatic recogni tion of the Communist Until that time the Nationalist government will continue to have the only legal claim to To Include Minorities Under dominant Red influence the new government will include such minor Chinese parties as the Kuomintang Nationalist party revolutionary committee and the Democratic Moose reported most foreigners in Canton think that citys life expectancy as the Nationalist cap ital is six or seven Their opinion is that the time depends upon Communist whether the Red armies press di rectly down on Kwangtung prov where Canton is or invade neighboring Kwangsi prov The surge of optimism which developed in Canton with the re cent visit of Generalissimo Chiang Kaishek seems to have vanished Moosa Only Bright Spot The only bright spot in the dark Nationalist war scene is that the forces of Pai ChungHsi are still His troops seem to be fighting only rear guard ac tion at Changsha and other points north of Acting Li TsungJen flew from Canton to Hengyang Tuesday morning for firsthand reports on the Hunan He was re ported planning to go on to For mosa Wednesday to confer with Swap Pact Instruments July 26 Count Sforzaand Ambassa dor James Dunn exchanged ratifi cation instruments Tuesday which put into operation the Italian Mark Johnson loses leg in smashup of Utahbound Millard Officer Loses Legs In Bus Crash July 26 Mark Millard was seriously injured near here Tuesday when a char tered bus carrying county officials back to Utah from a convention collided with a wheat He was the only passenger at any The state patrol at Spokane said Johnson lost one leg in the crash and that the other was amputated at a The hospital at Spo kane would not comment except to say that Johnsons condition was good after Crashed Wheat Truck Ray Powell of the state patrol said the bus crashed into the rear of a wheat truck that was making a left hand The truck Guy was not injured although his truck rolled over three Powell identified the bus driver as Oscar Henninger of Salt Lake It was not known im mediately how many passengers were aboard the They were brought to Returning Home The county officials were re urning home from a convention at head of the gives this list of passengers on the bus and Hugh Parowan and Morgan and Reed Provo James Levan Uhle Spring Ferris Tooele Harald Morgan Laur Po William Pocatello American Fork Nephi Anna Sommersi Morgan Mae Colville Lula and Other Passengers George Fisher and Park Ity Dorothy Ogden Mae Manti Grace Steph Farmington Florence Ogden Merle McGreg Salt Lake Mildred Pan guitch Celia Salt Lake Margaret Panguitch and and Mark All passengers were taken to the Davenport Johnson Led Millard Board for Decade Tribune SptfiftI Millard July seriously injured in the bus has been active in Millard county serving for the I past decade on the board of county which he now He is about Johnson was accompanied to the convention by John who apparently escaped in jury in the Johnson was reelected in American trade and treaty signed friendship to fouryear term on the county Russ To Bolster Arms Bid Europe Aid Backers Eye Soviet Data As Opposition Curb July 26 Secret intelligence reports on the might of Russias war machine will be laid before congress in an administration bid to halt rising opposition to the armsforEurope it was disclosed Tues State department spokesman Michael McDermott confirmed that figures on Soviet military preparedness will be unveiled to back up Harry S Trumans request for in arms for western European members of the Atlantic pact and other anti Communist Chairman Tom of the senate foreign rela tions committee served notice meanwhile that the program which Truman outlined in a message to congress is wide open to revision in the Joint Sponsor Ranks He made the statement after announcing that he will join Dem ocratic Elbert Utah Claude and Theodore Francis Rhode in sponsoring a bill to carry out the presidents The absence of Republican spon sors underlined the fact that the arms issue has split the senates bipartisan foreign policy front for the first time since the GOP including Arthur and John Foster New launched a fight to scale down the shipments to a token pro gram costing less than half Trumans Connallys statement apparently was made with an eye on this powerful Plot Passage Strategy Dulles met privately with of State Dean Acheson Tues and reportedly informed him the GOP leaders are convinced Trumans program has no chance of but believe a less sweeping plan can be pushed Vandenberg and Dulles were un derstood to feel that some con gressional action urgently is needed at this session to prevent a serious psychological shock to European nations which have been encouraged to expect arms to back up the newly ratified At lantic On the other they believe that any longrange commitments should be postponed until the de fense committee provided in the 12nation treaty has a chance to get organized and make mutual preparedness Defends Rock Bottom has indicated he considers Trumans pro gram rock and is pre pared to wage an allout fight for A threatened jurisdictional dis pute over the bill reportedly was averted by an agreement between Connally and Chairman Millard Tydings of the senate armed services Informed sources said they agreed that their two committees would sit together for joint hear ings on the Proposals for a similar arrange ment in the house were vetoed by Chairman John Kee of the foreign affairs Rejects Requests He rejected a request from John Vorys that mem bers of the services committee be invited to take part in the public hearings on the arms bill which Kees committee ivill open McDermotts statement was made when newsmen asked about reports the administration will show congress intelligence esti mates indicating the Soviet Union is building up a huge war ma This is largest piece of wreckage remaining sfter Russell Oilman Higby smashed light plane Into lot by mausoleum where wife is in Flier terrorized Stockton before death Pilot Perishes In Dive Over Wifes Grave July 26 Riding the wings of death over his wifes young flier crashed his plane near her and He was Russell Oilman Higby son and partner of a wealthy produce He had been increasingly despondent since his wife died in childbirth our months Monday he took his fathers small plane into the For an hour Stockton was ter Worries Residents The ship rocketed over the sometimes skimming 10 feet above the then flitting in and out between tall For a we wondered if we ought to shoot him said Sheriff Carlos Hundreds of telephone calls reached the sheriff and Then Higby raced his plane to he on the north out skirts of Turns ISose Down He climbed for altitude and swooped earthward in a power As he pulled out he barely skimmed over the mausoleum in ivhich lies the body of his young Again he shot into the air as horrified spectators At 2000 or he turned the planes nose The engine roared under full The plane crashed through a grove of a few feet from the mauso and then virtually disinte grated as it fell into an adjoining Cemetery workers found parts of the light plane wreckage scat tered across the mausoleum and grave containing the remains of Higbys body was thrown nearly 85 from the a former College of Pa cific student and an ambulance driver in England during the is survived by the couples two and Kelly four LABOR MONOPOLY ExFDR Aid Asks Move To Curb Union Sway July 28 Thurman former New Deal Tuesday urged congress to bring labor unions under the federal antitrust It Is a very dangerous he to permit unions to monopolize the labor supply with out any curbs Arnold testified as a be fore the senate bank which is investigating the coal in dustry and the tactics of John Lewis United Mine Workers Overt Act Willis Robertson called for the inquiry as ah overgrowth of a June 3 decree by Lewis setting a threeday work week for his miners in the coal Robertson Monday yester day denounced the abbreviated week as a overt act to fix prices and hold down chief of the Justice de partments antitrust division dur ing the late Franklin Roosevelts regime and now in pri vate law practice in told the senate committee that the threeday week was initiated to Soviets Protest Yugof Beating July 26 1 tonight formally accused Yugo Do we have reports that Rusjglavia of flogging and torturing create a coal scarcity and thus place the miners union in a fa vorable position for the next Without a change in the present antitrust Arnold it would be easy for unions and man agement to get together and do the very things which the anti trust laws He noted that the supreme in several has virtually ex unions fromthe antitrust he it would be a simple matter to fix prices and restrict vio lating antitrust having theunion initiate such move and then the employers give Arnold told the senators that if the coal operators wanted to raise their they could do so by being acquiesscent to such a Imposed Upon Them Major coal operators testified Monday that Lewis threeday week had been imposed upon them over their Arnold cited a list of what he termed illegitimate activities of labor and he said the mat ter of unions exploiting their power to fix prices and limit production is the most dangerous of The former government lawyer said that in writing any new labor congress should define both the legitimate and illegitimate purposes of In the Illegitimate he said the legislation should prohibit such things as unions imposing and maintaining artificial prices or restriction of production and also the makework or feather bedding House Move Seeks of World July 26 UP A bipartisan movement to seek a world federation of nations was begun in congress Two groups offered resolutions in both the house and Though their approaches both envisioned a federation open eventually to all nations and dedi cated to world peace and solution of economic Retired Supreme Court Justice Owen head of the At lantic Union explained a plan sponsored by 17 senators and four house A Combined Effort He described it as a combined effort to see if the free peoples of the world can come together as the states did to meet problems that a state alone could not The Atlantic Union proposal would provide for a convention of North Atlantic pact countries to see whether they can federalism NEW July 26 Pope Gets Prague Story July 26 Pius XII Tuesday received a first hand report on the churchstate struggle in Czechoslovakia by Gennaro who left Prague under Communist pres The pontif was closeted with the monsignor for an AntiPoll Tax Bill Passes House By 273116 Vote Opponents Expect Senate To Block Final Okeh July 26 an angry house passed an anti poll tax bill 273 to It would outlaw the poll tax as a requirement for voting in primaries and elections in which federal officeholders are The the first item of Harry S Trumans civil rights program to be acted on at this session of now goes to the Opponents are confident it will be pigeon holed or filibustered to death if any move is made to take it up Four times previously the house had passed similar only to sec them die in the Southerners fought the bill bit terly in the saying such measures encourage the rise of Ku Klux Northerners plied that the poll tax disfran chises large masses of people and enables bigoted men to Senate Demos In Accord On ECA Cut July 26 Democratic senate leaders agreed Tuesday to slash off the funds asked by Harry 3 Truman for the Marshall plans second They fought other changes which they claimed would crip ple the European Recovery pro and won 41 to 37 in their first senate test on this The vote came on a proposal of the senate appropriations com mittee to cut off the pending appropriation for the Eco nomic Cooperation in addition to the general 10 slash to which the Democratic leaders Challenges Use Right Paul the ECA admin had allocated the amount during the final quarter of the year which ended July Kenneth McKellar chairman of the appro priations told the sen ate Hoffman had no legal right to allocate this amount He said congress was not morally obll gated to vote the sum just be cause Hoffman had made his McKellar also predicted that if the fund were it would set a precedent which would return to plague the senate in later But Arthur Vandenberg of Republican supporter of the bipartisan foreign came to the E C As Defends Hoffman He said Hoffman had had every reason to think the would be available because the appropriations committee had not challenged the item in the appro priation passed by the Vandenberg urged the senate not to reach back into the last quarter of the last year to re duce European recovery He said Hoffman had not actually spent the money but that he had planned in advance on getting that with every reason to believe he would get Homer Ferguson supported McKellars ar The vote cleared the way for the senate to take up another controversial amendment tacked onto the bill by the senate appro priations This amendment would prevent ECA from using about the for army about anything but surplus farm Midwest Policy Racket Took Prosecutor Avers sia is arming for war portor We have information about Russian McDermott as did the colonies and lead I Frank Hogan said OUTWITS VULTURES AT 93 Auction Victory Pleases Shaw AYOT Eng July 26 Ber nard Shaw celebrated his 93rd birthday Tuesday by revealing an astute financial victory over the auction sale bargain It was hard to say which pleased Shaw 93 or out witting the bargain hunters who had hoped to buy his London books at their face value of about He thought lie was going to die once when he was 91 and 93 is a Kort of milestone for But the auction sale victory pleased him be cause in his incredible career of most rigidly businesslike of all successful Shaw is a rich but his eye for a royalty payment has never Anywhere in the world where a Shaw play is being performed he is there in spirit watching the So when he moved from his town apartment in London he de cided to sell all the books and Fraternity Gleanings July 26 UP The annual raid by Berkeley po lice on University of California fraternities to retrieve the objects the college youths accumulate cv morc than 75 years as A writingcry year Tuesday produced man he has become known the j Twelve papers he did not The books value was estimated at about with some first edi tions among That didnt satisfy So to a limited edition of Hamlet worth about he added an 800word essay on the blank leaves at the Up went the price by His first edition of Lawrences Seven Pillars of Wisdom had another notation in Shaws hand of his help to Law rence in writing the That added another to the So with a marginal note a signature on the flyleaf Shaw astonished even the auc But not v i fe twi on U1U LJJC VUKJIIlCCt 11IU I a 31 Soviet citizens living in Yugoj eventually to a onenation Tuesday the filavia and demanded their The other supported Cincinnati bank clearing numbers mediate release from Mos by World Federalists and advanced racket uncovered here Monday was cow radio by 14 senators would be aimed at bigger even than one the late all nations in the initial The announcement said the note was delivered to Belgrade yester It was the second Soviet note within a marking the sternest Soviet diplomatic of fensive against Yugoslavia since Marshal Titos break rvith the Communist Information bureau Cominform than a year The note said that the arrested persons were denied hearings and that generally nc reasons were given for the This proves that the real rea sons for the repressive measues to which the Yugoslav authorities are subjecting Soviet citizens is not that they committed any crime but merely that Yugoslav authori ties regard them as supporting friendly relations between the peoples of Yugoslavia and those of the Soviet Ihe note It listed 31 persons who allegedly underwent n completely intolcr This plan already has been en dorsed by 103 house Estes Kefauver principal sponsor of the Atlantic Union and Roberts said that they hoped for early hearings on their Ban 49 Hearings conceded that the arms implementation hill and the possibility of adjournment of congress by 1 would bar hearings this Roberts and congressional spon sors of the Atlantic Union resolu tion likened it to the call of the constitutional convention of the American They stressed like decisions of the con vention would not be binding on any nation if its peoples rejected Roberts said public opinion will get behind this as all peoples want mobster Dutch Schultz headed in able prison regime and I personal security and freedom as It said the prisoners were sub well as jccted to gross arbitrary all kinds of insults and were doomed to starvation and ill Establishment of an Atlantic Roberts would give fresh hope to other peoples of the early The new policy which al legedly included such strange col leagues as an underworld king and an whitehaired Ohio operated at least eight policy banks where millions of dollars were collected and only a who was killed in gang land style in in set up a complicated spider web of policy runners and But Hogan said Schultz and his gang were pikers at siphoning off the quarters and dollars of policy compared to the interstate mob his men have broken 11 persons had been arrested on lottery charges in New Jersey and New York for operating a racket that gave a sucker only a 10001 chance i to Among them were Dcn nison dignified family man and secretary of the Cincinnati Clearing House and An thony alias described by Hogan one of the top underworld figures in the who was being consid ered as a candidate for mayor of the village of near allegedly worked with the New York and New Jersey racketeers for two Soaked Shanghai Lists 29 Dead After Typhoon July 26 OP Typhoonlashed Shanghai Tues day was clearing streets of mud and wreckage left by the worst storm since The toll 29 23 possibly The typhoon churned in across the east China Sun the day after it raked Shanghai was deluged with of rain in 25 Water up to 6 deep surged through the A tenement collapsed in the crowded Chapel killing at least 19 In downtown Shanghai a threestory restaurant caved control some southern Vain Opponents argued in vain that if the poll tax is to be outlawed it should be done by constitutional They 266 to to send the bill back to com mittee so a constitutional amend ment could be substituted for The bill says the imposition of a poll tax as a voting prerequisite is an interference with elections and an impairment of the re publican form of Mis South Carolina and Tennessee could continue to levy poll taxes as they do But under the bills they could not make the tax pay ment a condition of voting for vice president or mem bers of Southerners Repulsed Sam Hobbs tried to knock out the reference to pri mary elections and make the poll tax ban apply only to general His amendment lost by a vote of 87 to John Rankln said the bill followed Com munist line and would be fol lowed by antilynching and anti segregation proposals which might lead to widespread race Harry Davenport said he had waited 20 to say what Im going to Then he told the house that only 2 of the eligible voters in Mis See Page Column S To Discuss ABombGift July 25 The explosive question of sharing atomic bomb secrets with Britain is scheduled for discussion at an other conference of lawmakers and high government officials Brien McMahon announced that the senatehouse atomic committee will meet at the capitol with of StaU Dean Acheson and of fcnse Louis Johnson at The major question now await ing decision is whether to give Britain information about the latest model atomic bomb and how to make Another Related Question related question Is where the will get all uranium it wants for atomic de velopment if Britain becomes of fended by a denial of information and reduces the flow of the min eral to this country from British controlled The two major sources of ura nium now available to the United States are Canada and the Belgian where the mines are con trolled by British Unless some satisfactory agreement is worked out with this country cant expect to get more than half of the Congo uranium in the according to member of the joint who asked not to be Third in Series Wednesdays meeting will be the third in a series that began with a conference of ranking officials and legislators with Harry S Truman at Blair Tru man is said to have sounded out the conferees as to how they would feel about an executive agreement giving the British the latest data on bomb designs and production Several days later the senate house committee met with Dwight parttime chairman of the armed services joint chiefs of and other top That meeting allayed fears of some committee that the president planned to set tle the matter quickly by Uve fj ;