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View Sample Pages : Salt Lake Tribune, July 18, 1949

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - July 18, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS pm IntcrmouDtoin Network Station KALL Through Frtflty WEATHER Clear to partly cloudy Detalli on Pap It 95 SALT LAKE MONDAY JULY 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS FBI Investigating Espionage Suspects Tom shown with Watson commissioner of immigration and naturalization and Pat McCarran senate judiciary told senate subcommittee the justice department is investigating as espionage suspects more than 25 persons attached to in New York Clark estimates in Russ Unveil New Type Jets At Annual Moscow Show July 17 announcer could finish saying they sia unveiled Sunday a fleet of newj were type superjet fighter planes so fast that foreign air force at taches who watched them streak past could not agree on their Jet completely new types and known ones of improved appeared in such number at the annual Soviet air show that the foreign experts believed they are now in mass Mikoyan and La vochin which the foreign ex perts knew were present in But in addition to them sev eral types of new jets flashed across Tushino air field at alti tudes under 1000 They had come and gone before the air field Top Red Defies Vatican Ban In Rome Talk The air attaches could not agree on the appearance or character of he naw planes because of their great Nor could they agree on the exact number of new types July or the improvements made on known Premier Josef sun tanned and wearing a beige field marshals uniform watched the exhibition in a special stand alongside members of the ruling political bureau of the Communist Stalins Son Commands Gen Vassily the gen eralissimos was in command of the show as commandant of the air forces of the Moscow milj tary High ranking officers of major foreign in addition to Ambassador Alan John military at and Rear Leslie naval and other officers represented the United Twentyfour salvos from 100 cannon opened the air show at 17 Italys Russia War Not Quakers Report July 17 UP American Friends ice committee in a state of the report Sunday declared war between the United States and Russia is not But establishing a lasting peace wont be easy and both the and the Soviet Union must give in a little from their present unyielding the report Those are basic conclusions of a 28page report on the state of the world made public by the Quaker winner of the 1947 Nobel peace Based on a sixmonths ex haustive study of global con the report pointed up the Quakers belief that the core of the cold war now is CURTAIN GOING UP Solon Vows Expose Of 100 Aliens July 17 Pat McCarran said Sunday he intends to Inform the public about the activities in this country of 100 or more aliens he suspects of having a background of spy work We are going to show just what they have been doing since they got in McCarran He heads a senate judiciary subcommittee checking on subversive especially those admitted to the United States as representatives of foreign governments and as delegates to international organizations such as the United Previous Records This countrys Central Intelligence Agency told the tub committee Saturday that 32 out of 100 such aliens had engaged in subversive including ac tive Communist organizational before coming to this coun The agency said also that 29 per sons in the same group of 100 are highranking Communist party of ficials and 21 of the individuals Initial Inquiry Finds Aides Clear of Graft Communist Palmiro To A column of Yak12 Sunday publicly defied the flying in a wedge at about Vaticans decree excommunicating drew of b Stalin across the Next a those who support communism formation of Yaks spelled out Disputing the church j Slava meaning glory Catholicborn Togliatti told cheerj to ing party followers they could be militant Communists and good Catholics at the same j Then came a fastmoving pro The Vatican issued the gram lasting an hour and 45 min reaching edict Wednesday FastBloving Program ing that all Roman Catholics who continue to support communism would be prived of the church sacraments and association with the The Moscowtrained leader of Italys Communists ac cused the Vatican of fighting Red ideology with powers dragged There were looptheloops and somersaults by women gliding stunts by men and and numerous parachute jumps with delayed leaps from jet fighters and from turning There was a sham battle in which two enemy bombers and from the darkest ages of his two fighters were shot i enabling nine Tupelov four Shouts of we dont we j motored protected by dont greeted Togliattis 1 four Mikoyan jet to reference to the popes excommu break through to their Jiication He silenced the chant with a Wave of his Mass Chute Exhibition In the climactic there Asserting that Communist doc was a mass descent by hundreds trine need not interfere with re ligious Togliatti de clared of parachutists from Ilushin trans port The parachutes were and the picture was We do not enter into the con1 colorful against a brilliant sciences of the militant Com A feature of the exhibition was munists where there can reign J a tailess butterfly glider in the faith and the convictions which j form of a flying which the satisfy pilot looped and Cripps Illness Poses Threat To Labors Finance Policy July 17 house of commons ends debate Monday on Britains financial crisis against a background of cautious speculation ahnut the future of Sir Stafford Cripps as chancellor of the Sunday newspapers took at face value Prime Minister Clement Attlces announcement that would spend six weeks at a Swiss clinic to cure an aggravated di gestive Before the final stages of the de bate on Britains dwindling dollar supply Attlee will try to convince the house that Listed illness is not After a few weeks of rest and Cripps will carry on as Crippa sudden decision to medical treatment has noth ing to do with the governments financial and economic The final hours of the crisis de bate will then start with British Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin and deputy opposition leader An thony Eden scheduled to conclude for both political Labor Party Safe There is no danger of the labor government failing to obtain the necessary votes late Monday night on routine motion to adjourn de But as in crucial debates during the past six the size of the Labor majority will be watched The governments official line on Cripps is that there is no ul terior significance to Ihc expected quick ending of the commonwealth conference Monday and Cripps de cision to seek a six weeks treat ment of an old Pact Approval By Senators Held Certain July 17 Millard Tydings Sunday predicted that 12 or fewer senators will vote against the North Atlantic treaty and that ef forts to write in reservations will meet little Other administration leaders clung to their predictions of a substantial majority for ratifica tion as the senate headed into the final blast of debate before voting next A twothirds majority of those voting is required to approve the pact which binds 12 nations to present a united front to Debate Debate resumes Monday with James Kem an and Harry Cain a sched uled among the first Voting starts at 4 Thursday on all reservations and the Opponents who fought off ef forts to reach a vote week obviously hoped to swell their core of This solidified last week when Robert Taft announced his Taft based his stand on the pro posal to arm western This will be brought up later but he contended the two are Treaty supporters say ing anybody could vote for one and not the Weakness Seen One reservation is proposed by Kenneth Wherry GOP floor It says that approval of the security treaty in volves no moral or legal com mitment for this country to sup ply arms to other signers of the antiCommunist I cant see how anybody who wants to leave himself free to de cide the best course when all of the facts are known about the arms proposal can vote against this Wherry told a Dulles Favors When the Wherry reservation was John Dulles said it might be misinter preted abroad to mean we are not going into the treaty in good faith but with mental Arthur Watkins Utah seeks to attach lo the treaty a similar disavowal of a legal or July 17 UP No evidence of graft has been unearthed in the five per center investigation which led to the sus pension of Herman army quartermaster and Alden Harry chief of the chemical it was disclosed This information came from re sponsible officials as Paul called on Harry S Truman to suspend lis own military Harry for being im plicated in the same Knows At Least 300 Shafer told the United Press hat he has no evidence against Vaughan except the generals own published statements in which he said that he knows of at least 300 of the socalled five per cent who help to get gov ernment contracts for businessmer at a five per cent Vaughan brags that he knows the inside Shafer said 1 Theres as much reason to sus pend him as the other Senate whose findings led to the suspension o Generals Feldman and Waitt by Army Secretary Gordon Gray Sat meanwhile promised to dig deeper into the whole situation before holding public hearings in about Must be Loaded Were going to make sure our gun is loaded before we said one The investigation is being con ducted by a senate executive ex penditures subcommittee headed by Clyde It swung into action June 21 after the New York Herald Tribune pub lished an expose of the capitals influence The story identified James former lieutenant colonel in the quartermaster as a five per and said he has boasted to prospective clients that his dear friends in Washington in cluded Generals Waitt and Initial Inquiry Gray temporarily relieved Feld man and Waitt from duty on the basis of a preliminary He said evidence presented to date in dicated that Feldman supplied procurement information to a con raetors representative under cir cumstances which appear irregu Waitt was accused of im properly furnishing personnel data to an unauthorized Gray emphasized that the inves igation is continuing and that loth officers will be given a chance to defend But said that evidence secured to date indicates that each officer exhibited a lack of that judgment and sense of propriety which must e expected of persons in their Formal Statement in a formal commended Gray for his and called on Truman to fol ow the example set by the army Asserting that General Vaugh in presently enjoys a White House immunity not granted Gen jrals Waitt and Shafer added For Truman to take any hing less than prompt action in his matter is to confirm what most people already endergastism is now with us on a national Authoritative quarters said the mny inspector general is contin uing an investigation of the five ier center in close col aboration with the senate sub Fry have reportedly or allegedly been engaged in active Communist or ganizational work of an under ground or subversive nature out side their Rear Roscoe CIA di wrote the Hillenkoetter said the subcom mittee would have to call on other government agencies to find out about the activities of the aliens in this He presumably had in mind the justice department and the Granted Visas Hillenkoetters report was on a list of 100 names of persons granted visas for entry into the United The list was sub mitted to the CIA by the subcom which is studying legisla tion designed to close the doors to subversive In submitting the subcom mittee officials said they suspected all 100 had some spy background aefore coming the CIA said three of them were re ported to have proAmerican feel We are going to find out about the activities of those 100 persons and maybe an additional Mc Carran told Names He said the subcommittee wont name any nameg at public hear ings to be resumed but that those involved will be sufficiently identified so that there wont be any doubt about whats going McCarran also made it clear that the subcommittee plans to follow up testimony by a state de partment official that about 10 representatives of foreign govern ments have been admitted to this country during the last three despite findings they were security John deputy under secretary of testified that clearance was granted in those cases even though the depart ments visa division recommended against Priests Attack Czech View On Catholics PRAGUE July 17 priests de nounced the governments Cath olic action group from their pul pits threat of rial for no men tion of Pope Pius XHs excommu nication of Catholic The priests apparently werei Tne Communist newspaper also accused the Lutheran who was sent to a concentration camp Bishop Otto Dibelius Labeled aggression Berlin Bishop Incites Reds Charge July 17 lead ing Communist newspaper in east ern Germany denounced Lutheran Bishop Otto Dibelius of Berlin It called him a war mon ger and an instrument of Ameri can Apparently presaging a bitter struggle in the Soviet zone be tween Communist and church offi a full page in Neues Deutsch central organ of the Socialist Unity Communist was de voted to an attack on the Same as Nazis In a Whitsunday pastoral let Dibelius claimed last month that the east German Com munists were marching down the same political path as the Nazis did under He asserted the new peoples po lice resembled the elec tions were rigged on a Nazi pat and tens of thousands of citi zens had disappeared An editor of the Communist organ countered Sunday with a de mand the Berlin bishop turn his criticism on the United States and western The Wilhelm claimed the Soviet zone was a land of peace and while Nazi ism still survived in allied zones and German resources there were exploited by foreign Silent on If he does not acknowledge these then one can only draw the conclusion that he is silent on Thereby he has become an instrument of American aggression through his de aligned himself with Amer ican imperialism against the Ger man the editor The denunciation of Dibelius was printed alongside a letter from Heinrich Luth eran in which he protested against the Communist editors earlier attempt to construct an antagonism between the bishop and the Soviet occupation Grueber said the bishop was justified in speaking out against the way east German authorities had misused the responsibility delegated to them by Russ Indorsement The editor replied that the So viet Union indorsed everything that had been done in the Byrd Denounces Trumans Top Economic Aids Asserts Advisers Report Contains Fanciful Ideas July 17 Harry Byrd demanded Sunday that congress quiz Harry S Trumani top economic advisers to find out whether their fanciful ideas arc made in The Virginian blamed members of the presidents council of economic strange group of Trumans recent warning against deep cuts in federal These seem to be dictating the economic not elected Byrd said In a radio The public knows little of background and Yet they are apparently in positions of great power in Cloistered in the White aloof from and not responsible to the they are spinning economic ideas which vitally affect all of Urges Council Quiz I thing the time has come for congress to take steps to make the members of the presidents economic council available for ex amination by congressional com at this session of Byrd said he wanted to learn whether their economic ideas are marked made in America or is this country being asked to again follow some foreign ideology which has already failed abroad Edwin chairman of the council has taken the position n the past that it should confine to making reports to the jresident and should not go before congress either to champion or oppose At his Lne the joint congressional committee ies Army Pay Bill A waits Act On Unification July 17 The military pay boost may be condemned to death the senate unless the house passes an armed forces unificm ion That was made clear Sundav by Millard Tydings chairman of the sen ate armed services said that senators are disposed not to act yet on military members of his committee want the unification savings to offset the higher costs of raising salar awaiting instructions from their heavilyguarded bishops before venturing to defy the governments hreat that persons who attempt o enforce the popes decree will be treated as Assail False Reports A mimeographed declaration as lailing false reports that thou anda of priests and believers in orse Catholic action was read in it least three Prague Church sources said the statement had been distributed to priests throughout the country to be read at Sundays The statement charged that priestly indorsements of the gov ernment which rivals the original church had been obtained by pres sure and Declares Faithful Stand It declared that Czechoslovak Catholic priests stand faithfully and devotedly with Archbishop Primate Joseph Beran and the countrys other Roman Catholic At it was who have been heavily here are no indications that other i guarded by government police for nilitary big names will be rawn into the but one in ormed source said there may be orne smaller Both Feldman and Waitt will several The tight official control of high church authorities had apparently prevented the bishops from com municating with local churches offered an opportunity to tcs1 since when Justice Min ify in their own defense before the istcr Alexej Ccpicka made the senate After the inspector general com pletes the armys phase of the in it will be up to Gray and Chief of Staff Omar Brad ley to decide whether a court mar moral obligation to furnish j tial should be treason It was reliably reported that the priests were awaiting a directive from their possibly from the by special broad taking a stand on ex by the Nazis in of having tried to hide from the world the truth about Nazi crimes in Crippled Liner Lands July 18 Pan American Airways stratocruiser bound for New York with 43 persons developed en gine trouble over the Irish sea and returned to London airport early The with one engine landed safely as ambulances and fire trucks stood on the economic report has here tofore excused him from testify The other council members Keyserling and John D have before the Wants Council Testimony In response to questions abou Byrdg proposal Sunday Chairman Joseph OMahoney of the joint commit ee to a reporter that he has no doubt subcommittees will wish to consult council members before completing studies they are mak ng in various economic I see no reason why members the council should not OMahoney an econo mist for the Brookings institution icfore he became chairman of the residents economic wunded a warning to businessmen and consumers against going into the storm or waiting for prewar Prices are not going to get to that he said in an interview prepared for the Gannett radio Nourse advised both business and consumers to shop around but have willingness to spend as values are Whitney Rites Slated Today July 17 Vice President Alben Barkley and Defense Secretary Louis John son the list of honorary pall bearers for the funeral Monday of who died here Sat urday of a heart The list includes suchwell known friends and admirers of Whitney as Claude Paul Wayne Con gressmen John and Franklin Roose velt Others com ing from Washington to pay their ast respects to the former leader of trainmen in the United States and will be John assistant to the pres Leslie senate secre of Labor Maurice Tobin and Harry S ress secretary Charles Without these they are not willing to add to mili tary he Vlnson Strategy Both bills have been involved in strategy between Tydings and Chairman Carl Vinson of the Tydinffs has pushing for approval of tighter unification of the navyand forces ex pected by sub stantial savings in defense Vinson has been equally insis tent upon passage of the bill boosting the pay for the persons in the armed The louse sent his bill back to com mittee once but he shawl It down and won passage on the second Pay Boost Ballot Tydings called his committee for a closed session Monday to vote on thepay boost which would range from a month for pri vates first class who would then draw to a for brigadier generals who would get Vinson was expected to win louse passage a few hours later Monday of the unification meas ure In abbreviated His com nittee reversed an earlier decision sidetrack the senate reported out Just one of five sec ions of the Only part of the senate unlfiea ion bill cleared for house action was one reforming the spending and fiscal controls of the establishment and its three mlli ary navy and air This Is the feature ex pected to result in the big Defense Chief Dispute The senate also had approved a large increase In powers for the secretary of national defense over he three separate But louse members questioned this and especially criticized a proposal to lave one chairman of the oint chiefs of act as top adviser for the president Harry S under is broad new power to reorgan ze government agencies subject o congressional hna let t be known that he stands ready ith his own unification order to upplement congressional action he thinks it doesnt meet SPURS VATICAN ATTACK Pope Decries Godless State VATICAN July 17 UP But if they are not erected on Pius XII said Sunday in a belief in and when they are radio address to Berlin Catholics not led by men with deep love of that nations which were not they are through inner neces founded on belief in God are through inner necessity doomed to sity doomed to The pope spoke for 10 minutes in German to a congress of Berlin The pope did not mention the Catholics celebrating the 50th an Vatican excommunication of his ordination as a janning Communists and their supporters from the sacraments He praised the Catholic parents the nor did he mention of Berlin for their granite stead any specific countries as His meaning as regards iron curtain countries now warring against the church seemed when he said The community and the state may appear firmly anchored in the foundations of the fastness in maintaining Christian families in these times of disso lution of all order and of the ap parent revolution of all moral He urged Berlin Catholics to take as a motto for the future the edifying aaying of God Is for truly the work of destruction which the past have left the misery and poverty which they have the estrangement and the hatred which they have heaped as high as a that can be over come only by human beings who now for the first time really and consistently believe in the merci fulness and love of God and who are themselves full of love of That is the love which endurea which believet hopes waits patiently for which capable of the greatest the love which U capable of nounclng again and is capable of helping and forjlT the i ;